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N Benamrouche, S Hasnaoui, E Badell, B Guettou, M Lazri, N Guiso, K Rahal
The objectives of this study were to undertake the microbiological and molecular characterization of Corynebacterium diphtheriae isolates collected in Algeria during epidemic and post-epidemic periods between 1992 and 2015. Microbiological characterization includes the determination of biotype and toxigenicity status using phenotypic and genotypic methods. Antimicrobial susceptibility was determined by the E-test method. Molecular characterization was performed by multi-locus sequence typing. In total, there were 157 cases of C...
December 2016: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
Mallory J Yelenich-Huss, Holly Boyer, Jonathan D Alpern, William M Stauffer, Derek Schmidt
Ozena, or atrophic rhinitis, is a chronic nasal process seen in Africa, India, and the Middle East. It is marked by the triad of fetid nasal discharge, crusting, and atrophy, and is often associated with Klebsiella infection. We present cases of ozena with nasal Klebsiella in three unrelated patients, including two east African children and one Saudi adult. All three patients grew Klebsiella species in culture and required prolonged treatment with multiple methodologies, including antibiotics, saline rinses, and surgical debridement...
July 6, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Wei Peng, Qian-Liang Ming, Ping Han, Qiao-Yan Zhang, Yi-Ping Jiang, Cheng-Jian Zheng, Ting Han, Lu-Ping Qin
The fruits of Xanthium strumarium L. (Asteraceae) have been used extensively in China for treatment of various diseases such as allergic rhinitis (AR), tympanitis, urticaria and arthritis or ozena. This study was designed to systemically investigate the effects of the caffeoylxanthiazonoside (CXT) isolated from fruits of X. strumarium on AR in rodent animals. Animals were orally administered with CXT. Anti-allergic activity of CXT was evaluated by passive cutaneous anaphylaxis test (PCA); acetic acid-induced writhing tests were used to evaluate the analgesic effects of CXT; acetic acid-induced vascular permeability tests were performed to evaluate anti-inflammatory effect of CXT...
May 15, 2014: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1951: Knjiga
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 1950: Revue Générale de Médecine & de Chirurgie de L'Union Française
Yitayih Wondimeneh, Dagnachew Muluye, Abebe Alemu, Asmamaw Atinafu, Gashaw Yitayew, Teklay Gebrecherkos, Agersew Alemu, Demekech Damtie, Getachew Ferede
BACKGROUND: Many women die from complications related to pregnancy and childbirth. In developing countries particularly in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia, where access to emergency obstetrical care is often limited, obstetric fistula usually occurs as a result of prolonged obstructed labour. Obstetric fistula patients have many social and health related problems like urinary tract infections (UTIs). Despite this reality there was limited data on prevalence UTIs on those patients in Ethiopia...
2014: BMC Women's Health
Yared Wondmikun Endailalu, Peter Sealy, Miriam Michael, Kauter Al Khalloufi, Hasan Nabhani
INTRODUCTION: K. ozaenae is a weak pathogenic organism known to cause primary atrophic rhinitis or ozena. There are few reports that the bacteria could cause serious invasive infection in debilitated patients. This is first report of K. ozaenae in a young previously healthy adult. CASE PRESENTATION: A 34-year-old Filipino male with no significant previous medical history presented with severe frontal headache of two days duration with fever and chills. Blood and serum work-up showed leukocytosis, mild thrombocytopenia, hypomagnesemia, hypokalemia, and hypophopatemia...
December 2012: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
R A Sharipov, E R Sharipova
The objective of the present study was to improve the efficacy of the treatment of the patients presenting with atrophic rhinitis (ozena) of the upper respiratory tract by the application of helium-neon laser radiation. A total of 120 patients aged from 15 to 53 years were treated based at the Department of Otorhinolaryngology, G.G. Kuvatov Republican Clinical Hospital, Ufa. All these patients underwent routine clinical, roentgenological, microbiological, and rheographic examination. The method for the treatment of atrophic rhinitis is described; it includes the application of helium-neon laser radiation in combination with the administration of the purified preparation of liquid polyvalent Klebsiella bacteriophage...
2012: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
Mark E Friedel, Marisa A Earley, Jean Anderson Eloy
Ozena, which is often used interchangeably with atrophic rhinitis or empty nose syndrome, is a progressive and chronically debilitating nasal disease that results in atrophy of the nasal mucosa, nasal crusting, fetor, and destruction of submucosal structures. Although the etiology is not completely understood, infection with Klebsiella ozaenae is widely believed to contribute to the destructive changes. We present a case of a patient with ozena secondary to K. ozaenae with extensive destruction of bony structures of the nasal cavity undergoing elective dacryocystorhinostomy...
January 2011: Allergy & Rhinology
Yi Jie Lee, Luke Stephen Prockter Moore, John Almeyda
Ozena is a chronic disease of the nasal cavity characterised by atrophy of the mucosa and bone caused by Klebsiella ozaenae. It is endemic to subtropical and temperate regions affecting the lower socio-economic group, usually the poor who live in unhygienic conditions. It is a rare disease in the UK. There is usually a delay in diagnosis due to unfamiliarity of the disease. A 25-year-old Nigerian migrant presented with nasal obstruction with purulent nasal discharge. Isolation of the bacterium was found from cultures of nasal discharge, crusting and tissue biopsies...
December 6, 2011: BMJ Case Reports
Richard D deShazo, Scott P Stringer
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Atrophic rhinosinusitis is a chronic condition associated with considerable morbidity and decreased quality of life. This review describes progress in the characterization of primary and secondary atrophic rhinosinusitis and the development of diagnostic criteria for both syndromes. RECENT FINDINGS: Primary atrophic rhinitis usually develops as a consequence of an acute febrile illness in members of lower socioeconomic groups in developing areas of the world...
February 2011: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1945: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 1946: Proceedings of the Staff Meetings
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1946: Journal of the Medical Society of New Jersey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1945: Archives of Otolaryngology
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1945: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1946: Laryngoscope
Tanja Hildenbrand, Rainer K Weber, Detlef Brehmer
Despite the fact that many people suffer from it, an unequivocal definition of dry nose (DN) is not available. Symptoms range from the purely subjective sensation of a rather dry nose to visible crusting of the (inner) nose (nasal mucosa), and a wide range of combinations are met with. Relevant diseases are termed rhinitis sicca anterior, primary and secondary rhinitis atrophicans, rhinitis atrophicans with foetor (ozena), and empty nose syndrome. The diagnosis is based mainly on the patient's history, inspection of the external and inner nose, endoscopy of the nasal cavity (and paranasal sinuses) and the nasopharynx, with CT, allergy testing and microbiological swabs being performed where indicated...
January 2011: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
J N Roy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1917: Canadian Medical Association Journal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1947: Revista Brasileira de Oto-rino-laringologia
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