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Oncology radiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906105/pancreatic-metastases-from-ocular-malignant-melanoma-the-use-of-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-to-establish-a-definitive-cytologic-diagnosis-a-case-report
#1
Diogo Turiani Hourneaux De Moura, Danielle Azevedo Chacon, Ryan Tanigawa, Martin Coronel, Spencer Cheng, Éverson L A Artifon, José Jukemura, Eduardo Guimarães Hourneaux De Moura
BACKGROUND: When encountering solid pancreatic lesions, nonpancreatic primary metastases are rare and differentiating a metastasis from a primary neoplastic lesion is challenging. The clinical presentation and radiologic features can be similar and the possibility of a pancreatic metastasis should be considered when the patient refers to a history of a different primary cancer. Endoscopic ultrasound offers a key anatomical advantage in accessing the pancreas and endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration has become the gold standard method for diagnosing pancreatic lesions...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905019/multi-disciplinary-concurrent-management-of-recurrent-hepatocellular-therapy-is-superior-to-sequential-therapy
#2
Tyler D Fields, Prejesh Philips, Charles R Scoggins, Cliff Tatum, Lawrence Kelly, Kelly M McMasters, Robert C G Martin
BACKGROUND: Recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma after a patient's initial therapy, whether it is transplantation, resection, or ablation, remains a challenging clinical problem. Since recurrence occurs in 70% of all initially treated disease within 5 years, optimal management to treat this recurrence is needed. Currently, a bias exists toward mono-therapy (i.e., ablation alone, hepatic arterial therapy alone, or sorafenib therapy alone) instead of concurrent sequential therapy-as is common in other primary and metastatic disease to the liver...
November 30, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897028/a-single-center-experience-with-isolated-limb-infusion-an-interventional-oncology-opportunity
#3
Adam DeFoe, Andrew Heckman, Dick Slater, Edibaldo Silva-Lopez, Jason Foster, Thom Bowden, Christopher Vargo
OBJECTIVE: This retrospective review details our experience with isolated limb infusion for the treatment of melanoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and sarcoma in-transit metastases performed entirely in the interventional radiology suite. Eleven patients were treated over a 3-year period. Treatment response was assessed clinically and with PET/CT. CONCLUSION: Eight patients had either complete or partial response, giving an overall response rate of 72%. Isolated limb infusion can efficiently be performed entirely in the interventional radiology suite...
November 29, 2016: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889184/gec-estro-acrop-recommendations-for-head-neck-brachytherapy-in-squamous-cell-carcinomas-1st-update-improvement-by-cross-sectional-imaging-based-treatment-planning-and-stepping-source-technology
#4
György Kovács, Rafael Martinez-Monge, Ashwini Budrukkar, Jose Luis Guinot, Bengt Johansson, Vratislav Strnad, Janusz Skowronek, Angeles Rovirosa, Frank-André Siebert
The Head and Neck Working Group of the GEC-ESTRO (Groupe Européen de Curiethérapie - European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology) published in 2009 the consensus recommendations for low-dose rate, pulsed-dose rate and high-dose rate brachytherapy in head & neck cancers. The use of brachytherapy in combination with external beam radiotherapy and/or surgery was also covered as well as the use of brachytherapy in previously irradiated patients. Given the developments in the field, these recommendations needed to be updated to reflect up-to-date knowledge...
November 23, 2016: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888945/radiology-as-the-point-of-cancer-patient-and-care%C3%A2-team-engagement-applying-the-4r-model-at%C3%A2-a-patient-s-breast-cancer-care-initiation
#5
Christine B Weldon, Sarah M Friedewald, Swati A Kulkarni, Melissa A Simon, Ruth C Carlos, Jonathan B Strauss, Mikele M Bunce, Art Small, Julia R Trosman
Radiologists aspire to improve patient experience and engagement, as part of the Triple Aim of health reform. Patient engagement requires active partnerships among health providers and patients, and rigorous teamwork provides a mechanism for this. Patient and care team engagement are crucial at the time of cancer diagnosis and care initiation but are complicated by the necessity to orchestrate many interdependent consultations and care events in a short time. Radiology often serves as the patient entry point into the cancer care system, especially for breast cancer...
December 2016: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885893/tumor-vessel-relationships-in-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma-at-multidetector-ct-different-classification-systems-and-their-influence-on-treatment-planning
#6
Ahmed M Zaky, Christopher L Wolfgang, Matthew J Weiss, Ammar A Javed, Elliot K Fishman, Atif Zaheer
Treatment of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) remains a challenge, given its propensity for early systemic spread and growth into the adjacent vital vascular structures. With the advent of newer surgical techniques and chemoradiation therapies, multidetector computed tomography (CT) plays a crucial role in the identification of patients with borderline resectable disease who may benefit from such treatments. Stage III PDAC is divided into two categories-locally advanced, defined by arterial encasement or nonreconstructible portovenous axis involvement; and borderline resectable, defined by limited arterial involvement and/or reconstructible portovenous involvement...
November 25, 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878779/total-estimated-effective-doses-from-radiologic-imaging-modalities-of-children-with-cancer-a-single-center-experience
#7
Derya Özyörük, Suna Emir, Hacı Ahmet Demir, Gülşah Bayram Kabaçam, Bahattin Tunç
BACKGROUND: Recently, awareness of the cumulative radiation exposure for pediatric oncology patients has been increasing, together with increased survival rates and longer life expectancy. The aim of our study was to quantify the amount of ionising radiation from imaging modalities of pediatric oncology patients. METHODS: Eighty-eight patients who were diagnosed with childhood cancer and followed up for 5 years between 2004-2014 in our center were included in the study...
November 23, 2016: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871732/crisis-point-for-radiology-and-oncology-workforces
#8
EDITORIAL
The Lancet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 19, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870679/new-developments-in-interventional-oncology-liver-metastases-from-colorectal-cancer
#9
Joseph R Kallini, Ahmed Gabr, Nadine Abouchaleh, Rehan Ali, Ahsun Riaz, Robert J Lewandowski, Riad Salem
Colorectal cancer is the third leading cause of cancer death in the United States. Although hepatic excision is the first-line treatment for colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM), few patients are candidates. Locoregional therapy (LRT) encompasses minimally invasive techniques practiced by interventional radiology. These include ablative treatments (radiofrequency ablation, microwave ablation, and cryosurgical ablation) and transcatheter intra-arterial therapy (hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy, transarterial "bland" embolization, transarterial chemoembolization, and radioembolization with yttrium 90)...
November 2016: Cancer Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845867/choosing-wisely-opportunities-for-improving-value-in-cancer-care-delivery
#10
Gabrielle B Rocque, Courtney P Williams, Bradford E Jackson, Audrey S Wallace, Karina I Halilova, Kelly M Kenzik, Edward E Partridge, Maria Pisu
INTRODUCTION: Patients, providers, and payers are striving to identify where value in cancer care can be increased. As part of the Choosing Wisely (CW) campaign, ASCO and the American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology have recommended against specific, yet commonly performed, treatments and procedures. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of Medicare claims data to examine concordance with CW recommendations across 12 cancer centers in the southeastern United States...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837434/prediction-of-genetic-subgroups-in-adult-supra-tentorial-gliomas-by-pre-and-intraoperative-parameters
#11
Shunsuke Nakae, Kazuhiro Murayama, Hikaru Sasaki, Masanobu Kumon, Yuya Nishiyama, Shigeo Ohba, Kazuhide Adachi, Shinya Nagahisa, Takuro Hayashi, Joji Inamasu, Masato Abe, Mitsuhiro Hasegawa, Yuichi Hirose
Recent progress in neuro-oncology has validated the significance of genetic diagnosis in gliomas. We previously investigated IDH1/2 and TP53 mutations via Sanger sequencing for adult supratentorial gliomas and reported that PCR-based sequence analysis classified gliomas into three genetic subgroups that have a strong association with patient prognosis: IDH mutant gliomas without TP53 mutations, IDH and TP53 mutant gliomas, and IDH wild-type gliomas. Furthermore, this analysis had a strong association with patient prognosis...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836551/clinical-features-of-peri-implant-medication-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw-is-there-an-association-to-peri-implantitis
#12
Matthias Troeltzsch, David Cagna, Philip Stähler, Florian Probst, Gabriele Kaeppler, Markus Troeltzsch, Michael Ehrenfeld, Sven Otto
The purpose of this study was to examine the behavior of dental implants in patients diagnosed with MRONJ and to analyze the characteristics of peri-implant MRONJ. It was hypothesized that peri-implant parameters are not associated with peri-implant MRONJ. A retrospective study design was selected to address the research purpose. Patients with confirmed MRONJ and the simultaneous presence of dental implants who presented between 2010 and 2016 served as the study cohort. Predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836119/a-multi-institutional-analysis-of-prospective-studies-of-carbon-ion-radiotherapy-for-prostate-cancer-a-report-from-the-japan-carbon-ion-radiation-oncology-study-group-j-cros
#13
Takuma Nomiya, Hiroshi Tsuji, Hidemasa Kawamura, Tatsuya Ohno, Shingo Toyama, Yoshiyuki Shioyama, Yuko Nakayama, Kenji Nemoto, Hirohiko Tsujii, Tadashi Kamada
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: A multi-institutional observational study (J-CROS1501PR) has been carried out to analyze outcomes of carbon-ion radiotherapy (CIRT) for patients with prostate cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data of the patients enrolled in prospective studies of following 3 CIRT institutions were analyzed: National Institute of Radiological Sciences (NIRS; Chiba, Japan), Gunma University Heavy Ion Medical Center (GHMC; Gunma, Japan), and Ion Beam Therapy Center, SAGA HIMAT Foundation (HIMAT; Saga, Japan)...
November 8, 2016: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822086/danish-colorectal-cancer-group-database
#14
REVIEW
Peter Ingeholm, Ismail Gögenur, Lene H Iversen
AIM OF DATABASE: The aim of the database, which has existed for registration of all patients with colorectal cancer in Denmark since 2001, is to improve the prognosis for this patient group. STUDY POPULATION: All Danish patients with newly diagnosed colorectal cancer who are either diagnosed or treated in a surgical department of a public Danish hospital. MAIN VARIABLES: The database comprises an array of surgical, radiological, oncological, and pathological variables...
2016: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817227/-evaluation-of-clinicopathological-findings-and-cosmetic-outcome-of-100-immediate-postmastectomy-breast-reconstruction-cases
#15
Dávid Pukancsik, Péter Kelemen, Ákos Sávolt, Mihály Újhelyi, Eszter Kovács, Zoltán Zaka, Miklós Kásler, Zoltán Mátrai
INTRODUCTION: Immediate breast reconstruction provides oncological safety, requires longer operation time. It does not influence the initiation of adjuvant therapy and radiological control, and results in favourable cosmetic outcome. AIM: Assessing the Hungarian data of immediate postmastectomy breast reconstructions, and comparing them to international findings. METHOD: Between May, 2011 and September, 2014 121 therapeutic and prophylactic, postmastectomy immediate breast reconstructions were performed in 100 patients...
November 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816540/frequency-of-whole-breast-radiation-therapy-after-intraoperative-radiation-therapy-due-to-criteria-identified-by-lumpectomy
#16
Eric A Mellon, Amber Orman, Luis E Joya, Michael E Montejo, Christine Laronga, Susan J Hoover, M Catherine Lee, Nazanin Khakpour, Pamela F Kubal, Roberto Diaz
PURPOSE: For selected early breast cancers, intraoperative radiation therapy (IORT) at the time of lumpectomy can be an efficient alternative to fractionated whole breast radiation therapy (WBRT). However, some patients are later recommended WBRT after IORT due to surgical pathologic findings. To understand risk factor identification rates triggering WBRT recommendation, we analyzed adverse prognostic features based on multiple international criteria for suitability for accelerated partial breast irradiation...
November 2, 2016: Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816360/does-peer-review-of-radiation-plans-affect-clinical-care-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#17
Kelsey Brunskill, Timothy K Nguyen, R Gabriel Boldt, Alexander V Louie, Andrew Warner, Lawrence B Marks, David A Palma
PURPOSE: Peer review is a recommended component of quality assurance in radiation oncology; however, it is resource-intensive and its effect on patient care is not well understood. We conducted a systematic review of the published data to assess the reported clinical impact of peer review on radiation treatment plans. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A systematic review of published English studies was performed in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines using the MEDLINE and EMBASE databases and abstracts published from major radiation oncology scientific meeting proceedings...
September 20, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815575/the-role-of-interventional-oncology-in-the-management-of-lung-cancer
#18
Ejona Duka, Anna Maria Ierardi, Chiara Floridi, Alberto Terrana, Federico Fontana, Gianpaolo Carrafiello
Interventional radiological procedures for diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer have become increasingly important. Imaging-guided percutaneous biopsy has become the modality of choice for diagnosing lung cancer, and in the era of target therapies, it is an useful tool to define earlier patient-specific tumor phenotypes. In functionally inoperable patients, especially the ablative procedures are potentially curative alternatives to surgery. In addition to thermally ablative treatment, selective chemoembolization by a vascular access allows localized therapy...
November 4, 2016: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807698/incidence-of-neuroepithelial-primary-brain-tumors-among-adult-population-of-emilia-romagna-region-italy
#19
Elisa Baldin, Stefania Testoni, Silvia de Pasqua, Salvatore Ferro, Fiorenzo Albani, Agostino Baruzzi, Roberto D'Alessandro
Incidence of neuroepithelial Primary Brain Tumors (nPBT) varies, ranging from 7.3 to 11.6 cases/100,000/year across Europe. We present incidence and survival of nPBT in the Emilia-Romagna region (ER), Italy. This study is the largest in Southern Europe. Specialists in neurosurgery, neurology, neuroradiology, oncology, radiotherapy, genetics, and pathology of ER notified all suspected nPBT adult cases residing in ER (4,337,966 inhabitants) observed during 2009. Furthermore, through ICD-9 discharge codes, we identified and reviewed all possible cases...
November 2, 2016: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807505/implantable-port-thrombosis-in-cancer-patients-a-monocentric-experience
#20
Manel Dridi, Nesrine Mejri, Soumaya Labidi, Mehdi Afrit, Houda El Benna, Khaoula Ben Miled, Hamouda Boussen
OBJECTIVE: Implantable port thrombosis (IPT) in cancer patients is a relatively rare but severe complication. Several factors are reportedly associated with the occurrence of thrombosis. We aimed to describe the prevalence and the anatomoclinical features of IPT observed in cancer patients who were treated in a medical oncology department in Tunisia. METHODS: A total of 600 cancer patients who had port implantation from January 2013 to December 2015 were retrospectively identified...
September 2016: Cancer Biology & Medicine
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