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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220252/long-term-surgical-outcomes-of-the-inverted-internal-limiting-membrane-flap-technique-in-highly-myopic-macular-hole-retinal-detachment
#1
Taiga Kinoshita, Yasutaka Onoda, Takatoshi Maeno
BACKGROUND: Pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) procedures are used for the surgical treatment of macular hole retinal detachment (MHRD) associated with high myopia. Re-detachment of the retina has been reported in MHRD associated with high myopia. Our aim was to evaluate the 1-year outcomes of vitrectomy, performed using an inverted internal limiting membrane (ILM) flap technique with gas tamponade, in five cases of MHRD associated with high myopia. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of medical records of five consecutive cases of highly myopic MHRD...
February 20, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208899/study-of-variation-in-intraocular-pressure-spike-iop-following-nd-yag-laser-capsulotomy
#2
Niharika K Shetty, Sriya Sridhar
INTRODUCTION: Posterior Capsular Opacifications (PCO) is a frequent complication of cataract surgery following posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation. Nd -Yag laser capsulotomy is the treatment of choice for PCO and is known to be associated with complications like Raised Intraocular Pressure (IOP), Intraocular lens pitting, intraocular lens cracks, cystoid macular oedema, retinal detachment, corneal burns. Raised IOP is the most common complication and prescribing anti-glaucoma drugs post capsulotomy is a common practise...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197998/laser-assisted-subepithelial-keratectomy-lasek-versus-laser-assisted-in-situ-keratomileusis-lasik-for-correcting-myopia
#3
REVIEW
Jocelyn Kuryan, Anjum Cheema, Roy S Chuck
BACKGROUND: Near-sightedness, or myopia, is a condition in which light rays entering the eye along the visual axis focus in front of the retina, resulting in blurred vision. Myopia can be treated with spectacles, contact lenses, or refractive surgery. Options for refractive surgery include laser-assisted subepithelial keratectomy (LASEK) and laser-assisted in-situ keratomileusis (LASIK). Both procedures utilize a laser to shape the corneal tissue (front of the eye) to correct refractive error, and both create flaps before laser treatment of corneal stromal tissue...
February 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192841/6-year-results-of-cnv-secondary-to-pathological-myopia-treated-with-ranibizumab
#4
L Hefner, H Gerding
Background The current standard treatment of choroidal neovascularisation (CNV) secondary to pathological myopia (PM) is intravitreal injection of VEGF antagonists. We now present our 6-year results after treating patients with CNV secondary to PM with ranibizumab. Patients and Methods We retrospectively analysed 15 treatment-naive eyes of 13 patients (10 women, 3 men, mean age 59.2; standard deviation (SD) 11.1; range 41-78 years) with visual impairment related to CNV secondary to PM, who were treated with at least 1 injection of ranibizumab...
February 13, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162198/-a-preliminary-study-on-macular-retinal-and-choroidal-thickness-and-blood-flow-change-after-posterior-scleral-reinforcement-by-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography
#5
X F Zhang, L Y Qiao, X X Li, N Ma, M Li, Z Guan, H Z Wang, N L Wang
Objective: To investigate macular retinal and choroidal thickness and blood flow change using optical coherence tomography angiography after posterior scleral reinforcement (PSR) surgery. Methods: Prospective study. Twenty eyes of 10 patients with high myopia were enrolled in this open-label, single-treatment group and prospective study. Radial lines and Angio retina (3 mm×3 mm) module were performed for 20 eyes using Angio-vue optical coherence tomography (Avanti, Optovue) without pupil dilation, and best corrected visual acuity, spherical equivalent and axial length were compared before and 60 days after surgery...
January 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145971/subthreshold-laser-treatment-for-serous-retinal-detachment-in-dome-shaped-macula-associated-with-pathologic-myopia
#6
Maurizio Battaglia Parodi, Pierluigi Iacono, Francesco Bandello
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of the subthreshold laser treatment as a therapeutic option in the treatment of serous retinal detachment secondary to dome-shaped macula. METHODS: Prospective pilot study with 12-month follow-up. Each patient underwent a complete ophthalmologic examination, including best-corrected visual acuity, fluorescein angiography, indocyanine green angiography, and spectral domain optical coherence tomography. Eyes with persistent serous retinal detachment lasting for a minimum of 12 months and absence of best-corrected visual acuity improvement underwent subthreshold laser treatment in a single session...
January 31, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141765/role-of-cytokines-and-treatment-algorithms-in-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#7
M Elizabeth Hartnett
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Currently, severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is diagnosed by clinical evaluation and not a laboratory test. Laser is still considered standard care. However, anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) agents are being used and there are questions whether and/or if to use them, what dose or type of agent should be considered and what agent may be most beneficial in specific cases. Also unclear are the effects of laser or anti-VEGF on severe ROP, refractive outcomes or infant development...
January 30, 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128986/comparison-of-intravitreal-bevacizumab-intravitreal-ranibizumab-and-laser-photocoagulation-for-treatment-of-type-1-retinopathy-of-prematurity-in-turkish-preterm-children
#8
Emrah Utku Kabataş, Bengi Ece Kurtul, Pınar Altıaylık Özer, Naciye Kabataş
PURPOSE: To evaluate effectiveness of treatment modalities, major complications and refractive errors in children who were treated with intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB), intravitreal ranibizumab (IVR) or laser photocoagulation (LP) for type 1 retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). METHODS: Premature infants who underwent IVB monotherapy (Group 1), IVR monotherapy (Group 2) or LP (Group 3) for type 1 ROP and infants with spontaneously regressed ROP (Group 4) were included for the study...
January 27, 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119292/intravitreal-ziv-aflibercept-for-the-treatment-of-choroidal-neovascularisation-associated-with-conditions-other-than-age-related-macular-degeneration
#9
Imoro Zeba Braimah, Michael Stewart, Chetan Videkar, Chintan J Dedhia, Jay Chhablani
AIM: To report the short-term outcomes of eyes with choroidal neovascularisation (CNV) associated with causes other than age-related macular degeneration (AMD) after treatment with intravitreal ziv-aflibercept (IVZ) injections. METHODS: This retrospective study included eyes with non-AMD-related CNV that were treated with IVZ (1.25 mg/0.05 mL) on a pro re nata basis. The primary outcome measure is the mean change in best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and secondary outcome measures include the mean change in central macular thickness (CMT) and adverse events...
January 24, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096654/comparison-of-visian-toric-collamer-lens-and-toric-acrylic-intraocular-lens-implantation-for-the-treatment-of-myopia-with-astigmatism
#10
Hatem Ammar, Mohamed Anbar, Marwa M Abdellah
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy and outcome of phakic toric implantable collamer lens (TICL) and refractive clear lens extraction with AcrySof Toric intraocular lens (TIOL) implantation for the treatment of myopic astigmatism. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study assessed eyes with myopic astigmatism >-1 D and ≤-4 D with a spherical equivalent >10 D or <10 D if the patients were unsuitable for corneal refractive surgery. These eyes were divided into group A, in which Visian Toric ICL™ Phakic TICL was implanted, and group B, which involved clear lens extraction with implantation of an AcrySof IQ toric SN60T3-9™ IOL...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092397/update-on-orthokeratology-in-managing-progressive-myopia-in-children-efficacy-mechanisms-and-concerns
#11
Xintong Li, Ilana B Friedman, Norman B Medow, Cheng Zhang
Myopia is an important public health issue, and high myopia may lead to severe complications if left untreated. Orthokeratology lenses, worn overnight to reshape the cornea, are one of many recent modalities used to slow down the progression of myopia in children. This treatment has been proven successful, as evidenced by decreased spherical refractive error and axial length relative to the control at interval follow-up ranging from 6 months to 5 years. In this systematic review, the authors collected published controlled studies that analyzed the efficacy of orthokeratology lens wear and calculated longitudinal relative changes in axial length, revealing a weighted average of -45...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087083/-isolated-microspherophakia-in-a-senegalese-family
#12
P A Ndoye Roth, S A Toure, H Kane, A S Sow, A M Wane, J M Ndiaye, A M Ka, J P Diagne, H M Diallo, M E Demedeiros Quenum, M Nguer, E A Ba, P A Ndiaye, M R Ndiaye
PURPOSE: To report the clinical investigation of isolated microspherophakia involving a Senegalese family in order to appreciate its functional impact. OBSERVATIONS: This is a rural family comprised of 7 members. The sibship included three girls and two boys. One of the girls, who lived in a distant zone, was unable to be examined. Of all the examined members of the family, only the father was unaffected by the illness. There was no consanguinity. The general medical examination was normal...
January 10, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078849/effects-of-carbomer-eye-drops-in-combination-with-orthokeratology-lens-in-treating-adolescent-myopia
#13
Y H Shi, L T Zhou, C X Zhang, Y Z Li, J Z Zhang, H M Zhou, Y G Li, T Liu, L L Zhang, L N Sun, Z Chen
To investigate the effects of carbomer eye drops (CED) during long-time wearing of overnight orthokeratology lens of adolescents with myopia, 260 teenagers with myopia treated in the Henan Provincial People’s Hospital from June 2012 to August 2014 and followed-up for more than 2 years were enrolled. All the patients underwent regular fitting of orthokeratology lens. They were divided into a CED (Vidisic) group (130 cases, 260 eyes treated with CED) and rewetting drops (RD) (Baushe and Lomb) group (130 cases, 260 eyes treated with RD)...
October 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068440/a-prospective-study-to-compare-visual-outcomes-between-wavefront-optimized-and-topography-guided-ablation-profiles-in-contralateral-eyes-with-myopia
#14
Rohit Shetty, Rushad Shroff, Kalyani Deshpande, Roshan Gowda, Sumeet Lahane, Chaitra Jayadev
PURPOSE: To analyze refractive outcomes of wavefront-optimized (WFO) ablation and topography-guided custom ablation (TCAT) profiles using the Allegretto Wave excimer laser platform (Alcon Laboratories, Inc., Fort Worth, TX) in the treatment of myopia. METHODS: Sixty eyes of 30 patients who underwent LASIK were included in this prospective interventional study. WFO ablation was performed in one eye (WFO group) and TCAT in the fellow eye (TCAT group). The WaveLight FS200 femtosecond laser (Alcon Laboratories, Inc...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060148/short-term-safety-of-2-mg-intravitreal-ziv-aflibercept
#15
Jay Chhablani, Chintan Jethalal Dedhia, Hari K Peguda, Michael Stewart
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety of single intravitreal 2 mg ziv-aflibercept (0.08 mL) injections for the treatment of choroidal neovascular membranes (CNVM). METHODS: Eyes with choroidal neovascular membranes because of several conditions each received single intravitreal injections of 2 mg ziv-aflibercept (0.08 mL). Comprehensive ophthalmic examinations and detailed systemic evaluations were performed at baseline and Days 1, 7, and 30 after injections. Standard electroretinography was performed at baseline and Day 30...
January 2, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058167/isolated-microspherophakia-presenting-with-angle-closure-glaucoma
#16
Tülay Şimşek, Emrullah Beyazyıldız, Enver Şimşek, Faruk Öztürk
We report a case of 13-year-old girl presenting to our clinic with blurred vision in both eyes. Ophthalmic examination revealed high myopia and angle-closure glaucoma due to pupillary block caused by small, spherical crystalline lenses. Treatment approaches to glaucoma in patients with microspherophakia are discussed in this case report.
October 2016: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055099/evaluation-of-therapeutic-tissue-crosslinking-txl-for-myopia-using-second-harmonic-generation-signal-microscopy-in-rabbit-sclera
#17
Mariya Zyablitskaya, Anna Takaoka, Emilia L Munteanu, Takayuki Nagasaki, Stephen L Trokel, David C Paik
Purpose: Second harmonic generation signals (SHG) are emitted preferentially from collagenous tissue structures and have been used to evaluate photochemically-induced (CXL) crosslinking changes in the cornea. Since therapeutic tissue crosslinking (TXL) using sodium hydroxymethylglycinate (SMG) of the sclera is a potential treatment for high myopia, we explored the use of SHG microscopy to evaluate the effects. Methods: Single sub-Tenon's (sT) injections (400 μL) using SMG (40-400 mM) were made at the equatorial 12 o'clock position of the right eye of cadaveric rabbit heads (n = 16 pairs)...
January 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051986/wavefront-guided-versus-wavefront-optimized-photorefractive-keratectomy-visual-and-military-task-performance
#18
Denise S Ryan, Rose K Sia, Richard D Stutzman, Joseph F Pasternak, Robin S Howard, Christopher L Howell, Tana Maurer, Mark F Torres, Kraig S Bower
PURPOSE: To compare visual performance, marksmanship performance, and threshold target identification following wavefront-guided (WFG) versus wavefront-optimized (WFO) photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). METHODS: In this prospective, randomized clinical trial, active duty U.S. military Soldiers, age 21 or over, electing to undergo PRK were randomized to undergo WFG (n = 27) or WFO (n = 27) PRK for myopia or myopic astigmatism. Binocular visual performance was assessed preoperatively and 1, 3, and 6 months postoperatively: Super Vision Test high contrast, Super Vision Test contrast sensitivity (CS), and 25% contrast acuity with night vision goggle filter...
January 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041966/different-roles-of-retinal-dopamine-in-albino-guinea-pig-myopia
#19
Junfeng Mao, Shuangzhen Liu
PURPOSE: To investigate whether the different role of ocular dopamine was involved in the myopic development between spontaneous myopia (SM) and form deprivation myopia (FDM) in albino guinea pigs. METHODS: 55 myopic animals were randomly divided into SM, Levodapa (L-DOPA), L-DOPA+carbidopa and vehicle. 70 non-myopic animals were randomly divided into normal control, FDM, L-DOPA+FDM, L-DOPA+carbidopa+FDM and vehicle. Once per day, for 14days, L-DOPA (10mg/kg) was injected intraperitoneally, and carbidopa (1μg) was injected at the same time into the peribulbar space of the right eye...
February 3, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027276/accommodation-and-phoria-in-children-wearing-multifocal-contact-lenses
#20
Celia R Gong, David Troilo, Kathryn Richdale
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of multifocal contact lenses on accommodation and phoria in children. METHODS: This was a prospective, non-dispensing, randomized, crossover, single-visit study. Myopic children with normal accommodation and binocularity and no history of myopia control treatment were enrolled and fitted with CooperVision Biofinity single vision (SV) and multifocal (MF, +2.50D center distance add) contact lenses. Accommodative responses (photorefraction) and phorias (modified Thorington) were measured at four distances (>3 m, 100 cm, 40 cm, 25 cm)...
December 23, 2016: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
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