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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034154/intraocular-pressure-monitoring-by-rebound-tonometry-in-children-with-myopia
#1
Jenchieh Weng, I-Lun Tsai, Li-Lin Kuo, Ching-Yao Tsai, Lin-Chung Woung, Ya-Chuan Hsiao
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Topical atropine treatment is generally accepted to retard the progression of myopia, but it is associated with side effects such as photophobia and elevation of intraocular pressure (IOP). IOP measurements in children are challenging. The traditional applanation tonometry by direct contact with the cornea will require patient's cooperation. The rebound tonometer, using a dynamic electromechanical method for measuring IOP, shows good correlation with traditional tonometry...
July 2017: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030016/does-a-two-year-period-of-orthokeratology-lead-to-changes-in-the-endothelial-morphology-of-children
#2
Sin Wan Cheung, Pauline Cho
PURPOSE: To compare changes in endothelial morphology in the central and superior cornea in subjects wearing single-vision spectacles and orthokeratology lenses over two years. METHODS: Endothelial images of the two locations of 99 subjects (6-12 years) from completed myopia control studies were analysed. Endothelial cell density (ECD), coefficient of variation in cell size (CV), and hexagonality (HEX) before and two years after treatment were compared between the two groups of subjects...
October 10, 2017: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026787/factors-determining-effective-orthokeratology-treatment-for-controlling-juvenile-myopia-progression
#3
Qinghui Kong, Jiang Guo, Jing Zhou, Yanling Zhang, Xiaoyan Dou
BACKGROUND: We aimed to identify factors influencing the therapeutic outcome of orthokeratology on controlling juvenile myopia progression, and the risk factors for complications. METHODS: Myopic patients (n=724) in Shenzhen Second Hospital from Jan 2011 to Jan 2016 fitted with orthokeratology lenses and followed-up for 6-65 months were reviewed retrospectively. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to screen for the factors that can improve treatment outcome and prevent the development of complications...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026284/anti-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-myopic-choroidal-neovascularization
#4
REVIEW
Colin S Tan, SriniVas R Sadda
Myopic choroidal neovascularization (CNV) is a sight-threatening condition which occurs in eyes with myopia, particularly in those with pathologic myopia. It is the most common cause of CNV among patients younger than 50 years. Hemorrhage and exudation from the CNV lesion may eventually result in scarring or chorioretinal atrophy. While myopic CNV was previously treated with focal laser photocoagulation or photodynamic therapy (PDT), the current treatment of choice is anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) agents...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022298/patient-awareness-of-cataract-and-age-related-macular-degeneration-among-the-korean-elderly-a-population-based-study
#5
Hankil Lee, Yong Jung Jang, Hyung Keun Lee, Hye Young Kang
PURPOSE: Age-related eye disease is often considered part of natural aging. Lack of awareness of eye conditions can result in missed treatment. We investigated the rates of awareness of cataract and age-related macular degeneration, the most common age-related eye-diseases, and the associated factors among elderly Koreans. METHODS: We identified 7,403 study subjects (≥40 years old) with cataract or age-related macular degeneration based on ophthalmic examination results during the 5th Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted between 2010 and 2012...
August 26, 2017: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022291/comparison-of-contact-lens-corrected-quality-of-vision-and-life-of-keratoconus-and-myopic-patients
#6
Sunghoon Lee, Gangwook Jung, Hyung Keun Lee
PURPOSE: To compare and analyze changes in vision quality, subjective symptoms, and psycho-social satisfaction in keratoconus and myopic patients following the wearing of contact lenses. METHODS: This study enrolled 25 keratoconus and 25 myopic patients with corrected vision over 0.8 according to the Snellen chart due to treatment with contact lenses. Patients were surveyed prior to the wearing of contact lenses, and again after three months of contact lens usage with a questionnaire about quality of vision and life...
August 26, 2017: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018762/visual-performance-after-excimer-laser-photorefractive-keratectomy-for-high-myopia
#7
Yu-Ling Liu, Chien-Chi Tseng, Chang-Ping Lin
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy, safety, predictability, and visual performance of excimer laser photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) for myopia greater than -8 diopters (D). METHODS: Fifty-four patients (104 eyes) with myopia from -8D to -13D and cylinder up to -4D received surface ablation technique with the Allegretto wave version 1009-1 excimer laser to correct their refractive error. The patients were examined on days 1, 3, 7, and 14 and 1, 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively...
April 2017: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018754/how-to-effectively-manage-myopia
#8
Ann Yi-Chiun Chuang
Myopia has become epidemic in the world. Without effective control, the progression may lead to excessive myopia with severe complications affecting vision and ocular alignment. The genetic factors and environmental factors of myopia are closely interrelated to each other. Asian ethnicity and parental myopia, among other genetic factors, influence the refractive outcome dramatically when environmental risk factors such as hours of near work and reading distance are analyzed. Outdoor activities are protective measures that retard myopia progression...
January 2017: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993905/large-semicircular-inverted-internal-limiting-membrane-flap-in-the-treatment-of-macular-hole-in-high-myopia
#9
San-Ni Chen
PURPOSE: To describe the technique and surgical outcomes of a modified large semicircular inverted internal limiting membrane (ILM) flap in the management of macular holes (MHs) in patients with high myopia. METHODS: We performed this retrospective study on consecutive patients with MH and high myopia (axial length ≥ 28 mm),who received vitrectomy, a large semicircular ILM flap 4 discs in diameter to cover the MH, incomplete air-fluid exchange, and SF6 gas tamponade...
October 10, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987037/hypnosis-and-osteopathic-manipulative-treatment-for-visual-disorders-during-pregnancy-a-case-report
#10
Giancarlo Russo, Alessandro Remonato, Roberto Remonato, Emiliano Zanier
Context • Pregnancy causes physiological alterations to the visual system, particularly in relation to retinal vascularization, with a consequent increase of intraocular pressure, and to the lacrimal fluid, with a consequent ocular dryness, which both can lead to a reduction in visual acuity. Numerous case reports refer to the employment of hypnotic treatment in cases of myopia, but the literature does not report any case of decreased visual acuity postpartum that was treated with hypnosis. Objective • For women with visual disorders that had appeared during pregnancy or were preexisting, the study intended to evaluate the benefits of treatment of the diaphragm by hypnotherapy and osteopathy to modify intracorporeal pressure and restore the women's visual function...
July 2017: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966549/myopia-induced-by-flickering-light-in-guinea-pig-eyes-is-associated-with-increased-rather-than-decreased-dopamine-release
#11
Xiumei Luo, Bing Li, Tao Li, Yue Di, Changyue Zheng, Shunmei Ji, Yuanyuan Ma, Jie Zhu, Xuefeng Chen, Xiaodong Zhou
PURPOSE: It is well known that the dopaminergic signaling pathway plays a pivotal role in the control of axial elongation. Much research has shown that retinal dopamine (DA) is decreased in experimental myopia, but the exact alteration in DA quantity underlying the myopia model induced by flickering light (FL) has not yet been fully elucidated. Therefore, in this study, we first attempted to prove the feasibility of the myopia model induced by FL and then to determine whether and how DA and its receptors changed in myopia induced by FL...
2017: Molecular Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965357/in-vivo-confocal-microscopic-investigation-of-the-cornea-after-autologous-implantation-of-lenticules-obtained-through-small-incision-lenticule-extraction-for-treatment-of-hyperopia
#12
Meiyan Li, Meng Li, Ling Sun, Tian Han, Lan Ding, Jun Xiang, Xingtao Zhou
PURPOSE: To investigate re-innervation in the implanted lenticule, as well as changes to the cornea, after correcting hyperopia with an autologous implantation of a lenticule obtained through small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE). METHODS: This study retrospectively analysed re-innervation in the implanted lenticule, as well as microscopic morphological changes in the corneal architecture of the recipient cornea in five patients (with myopia in one eye and hyperopia in the contralateral eye) who received SMILE in the myopic eye and femtosecond laser in situ keratomileusis (FS-LASIK) combined with lenticule implantation in the contralateral hyperopic eye...
October 1, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963702/in-vivo-confocal-laser-microscopy-of-morphologic-changes-after-small-incision-lenticule-extraction-with-accelerated-cross-linking-smile-xtra-in-patients-with-thin-corneas-and-high-myopia
#13
Yugui Zhou, Manli Liu, Ting Zhang, Hua Zheng, Yuan Sun, Xiaonan Yang, Shengbei Weng, Haiqin Lin, Quan Liu
PURPOSE: To evaluate the microstructural modifications and safety of small incision lenticule extraction combined with accelerated cross-linking (SMILE Xtra) in high myopia and thin corneas by means of in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM) and 3D-OCT after a 6-month follow-up. METHODS: Forty-three eyes with high myopia and thin corneas were enrolled. All eyes underwent SMILE procedure. After the lenticule was extracted, 0.25% riboflavin was injected into the interface and allowed to diffuse for 60 s...
September 29, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945650/ring-keratitis-from-topical-anesthetic-abuse-after-laser-epithelial-keratomileusis
#14
Burak Mergen, Akif Ozdamar, Ahmet Murat Sarici
A 28-year-old man underwent laser epithelial keratomileusis for the correction of myopia in both eyes. The patient subsequently had delayed corneal epithelial healing in both eyes and ring infiltrate in the left eye (LE). Corneal scrapings were obtained from the ocular surface and subjected to microscopic examination and culture. On identifying and preventing the use of topical proparacaine, the corneal epithelium healed in both eyes after the use of eye pressure patches. The ring infiltrate resolved in the patient's LE, leaving minor opacity at the inferior cornea...
September 21, 2017: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944194/effect-of-dopamine-on-bone-morphogenesis-protein-2-expression-in-human-retinal-pigment-epithelium
#15
Hong-Hui Li, Yan-Li Sun, Dong-Mei Cui, Juan Wu, Jun-Wen Zeng
AIM: To investigate the effect of dopamine on bone morphogenesis protein-2 (BMP-2) expression in retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells in vitro. METHODS: ARPE-19 cells as a human RPE cell line were cultured with dopamine for different times (2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 16 and 24h) or with different concentrations (0.1, 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, and 100 µg/mL) in vitro. BMP-2 mRNA expression level in ARPE-19 cells was analyzed with real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis and BMP-2 protein level was measured with Western blot analysis...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937823/optic-disc-parameters-of-myopic-children-with-atropine-treatment
#16
Li-Wei Chan, Yi-Ting Hsieh, Wei-Cherng Hsu, Han-Chih Cheng, Elizabeth P Shen
PURPOSE: To characterize optic disc parameters, retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (RNFLT), and the intraocular pressure (IOP) of myopic children under continual topical 0.25% atropine treatment. METHODS: From October 1, 2010 to September 31, 2011, 67 eyes of 35 myopic children were recruited. The children were treated with 0.25% atropine nightly for myopia control. Visual acuity, refraction, IOP, axial length (AL, IOL Master), RNFLT, and optic disc parameters (Stratus OCT) were measured at enrollment and every 2 months...
September 22, 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935528/choroidal-thickness-and-axial-length-changes-in-myopic-children-treated-with-orthokeratology
#17
Zhouyue Li, Dongmei Cui, Yin Hu, Sichun Ao, Junwen Zeng, Xiao Yang
PURPOSE: To analyze the change in subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFChT) and its relationship with changes in axial length (AL) in myopic children treated with Orthokeratology (Ortho-k). METHODS: Fifty myopic children participated in this study: 29 subjects were treated with Ortho-k lenses and 21 with single vision distance spectacles. The SFChT and ocular biometrics, including AL, were measured at baseline, one month, and six months after lens wear in both groups...
September 18, 2017: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935401/long-term-endothelial-cell-loss-in-patients-with-artisan-myopia-and-artisan-toric-phakic-intraocular-lenses-5-and-10-year-results
#18
Soraya M R Jonker, Tos T J M Berendschot, Annick E Ronden, Isabelle E Y Saelens, Noël J C Bauer, Rudy M M A Nuijts
PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term change in endothelial cell density (ECD) after the implantation of 2 types of rigid iris-fixated phakic intraocular lenses (pIOLs) for the treatment of myopia and astigmatism. DESIGN: Prospective, clinical cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 507 eyes of 289 patients receiving the Artisan Myopia or Artisan Toric (Ophtec B.V., Groningen, The Netherlands) iris-fixated pIOL for the treatment of myopia or astigmatism at the University Eye Clinic Maastricht as of January 1998...
September 18, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932340/contact-lenses-for-keratoconus-current-practice
#19
Marilita M Moschos, Eirini Nitoda, Panagiotis Georgoudis, Miltos Balidis, Eleftherios Karageorgiadis, Nikos Kozeis
BACKGROUND: Keratoconus is a chronic, bilateral, usuallly asymmetrical, non-inflammatory, ectatic disorder, being characterized by progressive steepening, thinning and apical scarring of the cornea. Initially, the patient is asymptomatic, but the visual acuity gradually decreases, resulting in significant vision loss due to the development of irregular astigmatism, myopia, corneal thinning and scarring. The classic treatment of visual rehabilitation in keratoconus is based on spectacles and contact lenses (CLs)...
2017: Open Ophthalmology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931182/-primary-open-angle-glaucoma
#20
Esther M Hoffmann, Verena Prokosch-Willing
Glaucoma leads to blindness but there are diagnostic and therapeutic developments that aid ophthalmologists in the improved mangement of the disease compared to the past. Known risk factors such as age, myopia, dark pigmented skin, genetics, and elevated intraocular pressure play an important role for the individual patient's prognosis, and many yet unknown or not sufficiently investigated risk factors come along. The structured examination of the optic nerve head is crucial for the clincial diagnosis by the ophthalmologist...
September 20, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
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