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musculoskeletal injury risk

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456834/a-retrospective-report-2003-2013-of-the-complications-associated-with-the-use-of-a-one-man-head-and-tail-rope-recovery-system-in-horses-following-general-anaesthesia
#1
Maria Chie Niimura Del Barrio, Florent David, J M Lynne Hughes, David Clifford, Hans Wilderjans, Rachel Bennett
Background: The mortality rate of horses undergoing general anaesthesia is high when compared to humans or small animal patients. One of the most critical periods during equine anaesthesia is recovery, as the horse attempts to regain a standing position. This study was performed in a private equine practice in Belgium that uses a purpose-designed one-man (head and tail) rope recovery system to assist the horse during the standing process.The main purpose of the retrospective study was to report and analyse complications and the mortality rate in horses during recovery from anaesthesia using the described recovery system...
2018: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453743/neuromuscular-control-deficits-and-the-risk-of-subsequent-injury-after-a-concussion-a-scoping-review
#2
REVIEW
David R Howell, Robert C Lynall, Thomas A Buckley, Daniel C Herman
An emerging area of research has identified that an increased risk of musculoskeletal injury may exist upon returning to sports after a sport-related concussion. The mechanisms underlying this recently discovered phenomenon, however, remain unknown. One theorized reason for this increased injury risk includes residual neuromuscular control deficits that remain impaired despite clinical recovery. Thus, the objectives of this review were: (1) to summarize the literature examining the relationship between concussion and risk of subsequent injury and (2) to summarize the literature for one mechanism with a theorized association with this increased injury risk, i...
February 17, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450729/physical-activity-and-mediterranean-diet-based-on-olive-tree-phenolic-compounds-from-two-different-geographical-areas-have-protective-effects-on-early-osteoarthritis-muscle-atrophy-and-hepatic-steatosis
#3
Marta Anna Szychlinska, Paola Castrogiovanni, Francesca Maria Trovato, Houda Nsir, Mokhtar Zarrouk, Debora Lo Furno, Michelino Di Rosa, Rosa Imbesi, Giuseppe Musumeci
PURPOSE: Osteoarthitis (OA) leads to progressive loss of articular cartilage, pain and joint disability. An acute injury constitutes an important risk factor for early OA, determining an inflammatory process responsible of cartilage degeneration and muscle atrophy, due to the joint pain and immobility. The study aims to assess the effects of conjugation of physical activity and diet enriched by olive tree compounds [extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) and olive leaf extract (OLE)], on the musculoskeletal system in OA rat model...
February 15, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443103/paradigms-of-lower-extremity-electrical-stimulation-training-after-spinal-cord-injury
#4
Ashraf S Gorgey, Refka E Khalil, Robert M Lester, Gary A Dudley, David R Gater
Skeletal muscle atrophy, increased adiposity and reduced physical activity are key changes observed after spinal cord injury (SCI) and are associated with numerous cardiometabolic health consequences. These changes are likely to increase the risk of developing chronic secondary conditions and impact the quality of life in persons with SCI. Surface neuromuscular electrical stimulation evoked resistance training (NMES-RT) was developed as a strategy to attenuate the process of skeletal muscle atrophy, decrease ectopic adiposity, improve insulin sensitivity and enhance mitochondrial capacity...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425319/changes-in-temporary-disability-reporting-following-the-implementation-of-the-army-medical-readiness-transformation
#5
Jason E Sapp, Matthew J Cody, Kevin M Douglas
Introduction: In November 2014, the U.S. Army held a readiness summit to address concerns about the accuracy of medical reporting systems. At the time, soldiers on temporary disability were tracked as a medical readiness classification (MRC) 3A or 3B. MRC 3A soldiers had a medical condition with recovery expected within 30 d and MRC 3B soldiers were expected to take longer than 30 d to recover. Both groups were considered "non-available" and presumably non-deployable. Starting June 1, 2016, with the implementation of the Army Medical Readiness Transformation, soldiers on temporary disability longer than 14 d began to be reported as MRC 3s and are considered "non-deployable...
February 7, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413777/advanced-conservative-treatment-of-complete-acute-rupture-of-the-lateral-ankle-ligaments-verifying-by-stabilometry
#6
Jana Řezaninová, Luboš Hrazdira, Dagmar Moc Králová, Zdeněk Svoboda, Azriel Benaroya
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the result of the specific conservative treatment of acute lateral ankle ligaments rupture and verify the effect of this therapy by stabilometry. METHODS: 17 young athletes were examined after acute lateral ankle sprain (grade III). Diagnosis was based on musculoskeletal ultrasound examinations. Pressure plate evaluated postural stability after conservative treatment at regular intervals during 1year. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in postural stability in double-leg stance between limbs...
February 2018: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410451/non-knee-spanning-muscles-contribute-to-tibiofemoral-shear-as-well-as-valgus-and-rotational-joint-reaction-moments-during-unanticipated-sidestep-cutting
#7
Nirav Maniar, Anthony G Schache, Prasanna Sritharan, David A Opar
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are a burdensome condition due to potential surgical requirements and increased risk of long term debilitation. Previous studies indicate that muscle forces play an important role in the development of ligamentous loading, yet these studies have typically used cadaveric models considering only the knee-spanning quadriceps, hamstrings and gastrocnemius muscle groups. Using a musculoskeletal modelling approach, we investigated how lower-limb muscles produce and oppose key tibiofemoral reaction forces and moments during the weight acceptance phase of unanticipated sidestep cutting...
February 6, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409654/process-evaluation-of-a-participatory-organizational-change-program-to-reduce-musculoskeletal-and-slip-trip-and-fall-injuries
#8
Dwayne Van Eerd, Era Mae Ferron, Teresa D'Elia, Derek Morgan, Frances Ziesmann, Benjamin C Amick
BACKGROUND: Long-term care (LTC) workers are at significant risk for occupational-related injuries. Our objective was to evaluate the implementation process of a participatory change program to reduce risk. METHODS: A process evaluation was conducted in three LTC sites using a qualitative approach employing structured interviews, consultant logs and a focus group. RESULTS: Findings revealed recruitment/reach themes of being "voluntold", using established methods, and challenges related to work schedules...
April 2018: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409243/high-resolution-real-time-ultrasonography-of-the-sural-nerve-after-percutaneous-repair-of-the-achilles-tendon
#9
Marcello Zappia, Daniela Berritto, Francesco Oliva, Nicola Maffulli
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous Achilles tendon repair has been developed to minimise soft tissue complications following treatment of tendon ruptures. However, there are concerns because of the risk of sural nerve injury. Few studies have investigated the relationship between the Achilles tendon, the sural nerve and its several anatomical course variants. METHODS: We studied 7 cadaveric limbs (7 Achilles tendons) in which a percutaneous repair of the Achilles tendon was performed...
March 30, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405798/the-effect-of-core-stability-training-on-functional-movement-patterns-in-collegiate-athletes
#10
Sajad Bagherian, Khodayar Ghasempoor, Nader Rahnama, Erik A Wikstrom
CONTEXT: Pre-participation examinations are the standard approach for assessing poor movement quality that would increase musculoskeletal injury risk. However, little is known about how core stability influences functional movement patterns. OBJECTIVE: The primary purpose of this study was to determine the effect of an 8-week core stability program on functional movement patterns in collegiate athletes. The secondary purpose was to determine if the core stability training program would be more effective in those with worse movement quality (i...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401339/gender-disparities-within-us-army-orthopedic-surgery-a-preliminary-report
#11
Christopher M Daniels, Theodora C Dworak, Ashley B Anderson, Alaina M Brelin, Leon J Nesti, Patricia L McKay, David E Gwinn
INTRODUCTION: Women account for approximately 15% of the active duty US Army, and studies show that women may be at an increased risk of musculoskeletal injury during sport and military training. Nationally, the field of orthopedic surgery comprises 14% women, lagging behind other surgical fields. Demographics for US Military orthopedic surgeons are not readily available. Similarly, demographic data of graduating medical students entering Military Medicine are not reported. We hypothesize that a gender disparity within military orthopedics will be apparent...
January 1, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390118/differences-among-thai-agricultural-workers-health-working-conditions-and-pesticide-use-by-farm-type
#12
Pornpimol Kongtip, Noppanun Nankongnab, Redeerat Mahaboonpeeti, Sasivimol Bootsikeaw, Kiattisak Batsungnoen, Chalalai Hanchenlaksh, Mathuros Tipayamongkholgul, Susan Woskie
More than 11 million Thai people (38%) work in agriculture, but since most are in the informal sector, government enforcement and support are very limited. As a result, working conditions on Thai farms vary greatly, putting the health of many agricultural workers at risk. A cross-sectional study in three Thai provinces collected information on the work activities and conditions of 424 farmers representing five farm types: rice, vegetable, flower, rice/vegetable, and flower/vegetable. The agricultural workers were mainly women (60%); their average age was 53 but ranged from 18 to 87 years...
January 30, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384781/systemic-administration-of-carbon-monoxide-releasing-molecule-3-protects-the-skeletal-muscle-in-porcine-model-of-compartment-syndrome
#13
Aurelia Bihari, Gediminas Cepinskas, David Sanders, Abdel-Rahman Lawendy
OBJECTIVES: Acute limb compartment syndrome, a complication of musculoskeletal trauma, results in muscle necrosis and cell death. Carbon monoxide, liberated from the carbon monoxide-releasing molecule-3, has been shown protective in a rat model of compartment syndrome. The purpose of this study was to test the effect of carbon monoxide-releasing molecule-3 in a preclinical large animal model of compartment syndrome, with the ultimate goal of developing a pharmacologic adjunct treatment for compartment syndrome...
January 30, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371106/cardiorespiratory-demand-and-rate-of-perceived-exertion-during-overground-walking-with-a-robotic-exoskeleton-in-long-term-manual-wheelchair-users-with-chronic-spinal-cord-injury-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Manuel J Escalona, Rachel Brosseau, Martin Vermette, Alain Steve Comtois, Cyril Duclos, Mylène Aubertin-Leheudre, Dany H Gagnon
BACKGROUND: Many wheelchair users adopt a sedentary lifestyle, which results in progressive physical deconditioning with increased risk of musculoskeletal, cardiovascular and endocrine/metabolic morbidity and mortality. Engaging in a walking program with an overground robotic exoskeleton may be an effective strategy for mitigating these potential negative health consequences and optimizing fitness in this population. However, additional research is warranted to inform the development of adapted physical activity programs incorporating this technology...
January 22, 2018: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370731/possibilities-of-kinesio-taping-to-prevent-injuries-of-professional-dancers
#15
Vladimir Berezutsky
The literature review comprises information about application of kinesio taping in prevention of professional dancers' injuries. The relevance of the study is determined by frequent dance related and overuse injuries and lack of organized information about this issue. The purpose of the study is to assess the impact of kinesio taping on the musculoskeletal system of dancers basing on the scientific research data of the years 2015-2017. The analysis revealed that kinesio taping can effectively reduce muscle spasms, rebuild muscle strength of the injured extremity, improve static and dynamic balance and ease the pain, due to its ability to improve the proprioception of the joints and regulate muscle tone...
January 26, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370060/trauma-transitional-care-coordination-a-mature-system-at-work
#16
Rebecca Tyrrell, Karen Doyle, Thomas M Scalea, Deborah M Stein
BACKGROUND: We have previously demonstrated effectiveness of a Trauma Transitional Care Coordination Program (TTCC) in reducing 30-day readmission rates for trauma patients most at risk. With program maturation, we achieved improved readmission rates for specific patient populations. METHODS: TTCC is a nursing driven program that supports patients at high risk for 30-day readmission. TTCC interventions include calls to patients within 72 hours of discharge, complete medication reconciliation, coordination of medical appointments, and individualized problem solving...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360123/health-effects-of-wind-turbines-in-working-environments-a-scoping-review
#17
Alice Freiberg, Christiane Schefter, Maria Girbig, Vanise Cleto Murta, Andreas Seidler
Objectives The wind industry is a growing economic sector, yet there is no overview summarizing all exposures emanating from wind turbines throughout their life cycle that may pose a risk for workers` health. The aim of this scoping review was to survey and outline the body of evidence around the health effects of wind turbines in working environments in order to identify research gaps and to highlight the need for further research. Methods A scoping review with a transparent and systematic procedure was conducted using a comprehensive search strategy...
January 23, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356945/mechanical-birth-related-trauma-to-the-neonate-an-imaging-perspective
#18
REVIEW
Apeksha Chaturvedi, Abhishek Chaturvedi, A Luana Stanescu, Johan G Blickman, Steven P Meyers
Mechanical birth-related injuries to the neonate are declining in incidence with advances in prenatal diagnosis and care. These injuries, however, continue to represent an important source of morbidity and mortality in the affected patient population. In the United States, these injuries are estimated to occur among 2.6% of births. Although more usual in context of existing feto-maternal risk factors, their occurrence can be unpredictable. While often superficial and temporary, functional and cosmetic sequelae, disability or even death can result as a consequence of birth-related injuries...
January 22, 2018: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355127/bringing-a-structural-perspective-to-work-framing-occupational-safety-and-health-disparities-for-nursing-assistants-with-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders
#19
Alysa D Haas, Daniel A Hunter, Ninica L Howard
BACKGROUND: Certified Nursing Assistants (CNAs) experience a high risk of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) and are further made vulnerable by their situation in low levels of workplace and societal hierarchies of power and privilege. OBJECTIVE: This study applies structural vulnerability theory to CNA WMSD experiences in order to identify structural factors that may influence such injuries. METHODS: A sample of CNAs (n = 26) working in Nursing and Residential Care Facilities (NRCFs) was selected from workers who filed a claim during 2011-2014 for a WMSD of the back, shoulder, knee, or hand/wrist in the Washington State Department of Labor & Industries workers' compensation system...
January 19, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355120/task-rotation-in-an-underground-coal-mine-a-pilot-study
#20
Olivia F Jones, Carole L James
BACKGROUND: Task rotation is used to decrease the risk of workplace injuries and improve work satisfaction. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility, benefits and challenges of implementing a task rotation schedule within an underground coalmine in NSW, Australia. METHODS: A mixed method case control pilot study with the development and implementation of a task rotation schedule for 6 months with two work crews. A questionnaire including The Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire, The Need for Recovery after Work Scale, and The Australian WHOQOL- BREF Australian Edition was used to survey workers at baseline, 3 and 6 months...
January 18, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
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