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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325673/lower-limb-dynamics-and-clinical-outcomes-for-habitually-shod-runners-who-transition-to-barefoot-running
#1
Rami Hashish, Sachithra D Samarawickrame, Susan Sigward, Stanley P Azen, George J Salem
OBJECTIVES: Recent investigations have revealed lower vertical loading rates and knee energy absorption amongst experienced barefoot runners relative to those who rear-foot strike (RFS). Although this has led to an adoption of barefoot running amongst many recreational shoe runners, recent investigations indicate that the experienced barefoot pattern is not immediately realized. Therefore, the purpose this investigation was to quantify changes in lower-extremity dynamics and clinical outcomes measures for habitually shod runners who perform a transition to barefoot running...
December 10, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315479/biopsychosocial-influence-on-shoulder-pain-rationale-and-protocol-for-a-pre-clinical-trial
#2
Steven Z George, Roland Staud, Paul A Borsa, Samuel S Wu, Margaret R Wallace, Warren H Greenfield, Lauren N Mackie, Roger B Fillingim
BACKGROUND: Chronic musculoskeletal pain conditions are a prevalent and disabling problem. Preventing chronic musculoskeletal pain requires multifactorial treatment approaches that address its complex etiology. Prior cohort studies identified a high risk subgroup comprised of variation in COMT genotype and pain catastrophizing. This subgroup had increased chance of heightened pain responses (in a pre-clinical model) and higher 12month post-operatives pain intensity ratings (in a clinical model)...
March 14, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314216/fingertip-forces-and-completion-time-for-index-finger-and-thumb-touchscreen-gestures
#3
Deanna S Asakawa, George H Crocker, Adam Schmaltz, Devin L Jindrich
Users actuate touchscreen computers by applying forces with their fingers to the touchscreen, although the amount and direction of the force is unknown. Our aim was to characterize the magnitude, direction and impulse of the force applied during single finger (tapping and sliding in four directions) and two finger gestures (stretch and pinch). Thirteen subjects performed repeated trials of each gesture. Mean(±SD) resultant force was 0.50(0.09)N for tap, 0.79(0.32)N to 1.18(0.47)N for sliding gestures, 1.47(0...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291486/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-nurse-coaching-vs-herbal-supplementation-for-weight-reduction-in-soldiers
#4
Mary S McCarthy, Evelyn B Elshaw, Barbara M Szekely, Curtis Hobbs
The number of overweight and obese service members has tripled since the beginning of Overseas Contingency Operations.1 Overwhelming evidence suggesting links between obesity and increased risk for conditions such as musculoskeletal injuries, type II diabetes, and cardiovascular disease,2 poses a threat to the strength and performance of our current and future fighting force. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to test nurse health coaching (NHC) and/or herbal supplementation for weight reduction in Soldiers during a 12-week intervention...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287328/prognostic-potential-of-body-composition-indices-in-detecting-risk-of-musculoskeletal-injury-in-army-officer-cadet-profiles
#5
Konstantinos Havenetidis, Thrasivoulos Paxinos, Dionysios Kardaris, Athanassios Bissas
OBJECTIVES: High values in most of the body composition indices have been related to musculoskeletal injuries, but limited data exists on the accuracy of these diagnoses when detecting musculoskeletal injuries in military populations. METHODS: The suitability of body fat percentage, body mass index, fat mass index and fat free mass index to identify injury risk was examined in a group of army officer recruits. All body composition diagnoses were measured in 268 male army officer recruits prior to the commencement of basic combat training...
March 13, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282479/musculoskeletal-injury-profile-of-circus-artists-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#6
REVIEW
H Eg Wolfenden, M Angioi
BACKGROUND: The circus arts involve a high degree of acrobatic, athletic, and aesthetic ability with extreme physical demands placed on performers. An understanding of the injury profile is required to guide prevention. AIM: To provide the first systematic review to enhance understanding of circus-related injuries and to provide a foundation for future preventative intervention. METHODS: MEDLINE, Scopus, and Web of Science were searched from conception to March 2016 using key search terms relating to circus artists and injury...
March 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282471/how-much-training-is-too-much
#7
EDITORIAL
Bronwen J Ackermann
Managing training practices in elite performance domains is recognised to play an important role in preventing musculoskeletal overload, and hence reducing the risk of overuse-related injuries. In international studies spanning four decades, the duration of playing, especially in combination with sudden increases in playing and inadequate rest breaks, remains one of the most common causes of injuries. With musculoskeletal performance in occupational and sports domains, both the work:rest ratio and the acute:chronic workload ratio are considered critical in making an approximate determination in the length of training sessions...
March 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271400/the-effect-of-self-efficacy-on-return-to-work-outcomes-for-workers-with-psychological-or-upper-body-musculoskeletal-injuries-a-review-of-the-literature
#8
REVIEW
Oliver Black, Tessa Keegel, Malcolm R Sim, Alexander Collie, Peter Smith
Purpose Work absence can result in substantial losses to the economy and workers. As a result, identifying modifiable factors associated with return-to-work (RTW) following an injury or illness is the focus of many empirical investigations. Self-efficacy, the belief about one's ability to undertake behaviours to achieve desired goals, has been identified as an important factor in RTW for injured workers. This paper systematically reviewed the literature on the association between self-efficacy and RTW outcomes for workers with an upper-body musculoskeletal injury or psychological injury...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269802/musculoskeletal-disorders-caused-by-gas-cylinder-handling-tasks-a-case-study-report
#9
Yi-Lang Chen, Chiao-Ying Yu, Da-Yung Lin
This case study used the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (NMQ) to explore work that involves handling gas cylinders and to determine risk factors that may cause related injuries. The NMQ survey was distributed to 100 gas cylinder handlers in Taiwan, and their handling tasks were analyzed. The results showed that the overall prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders was 91% within 1 year. More than half of the respondents (62%) experienced shoulder discomfort, followed by lower back/waist (57%) and neck (47%) discomfort...
February 27, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268414/leveraging-imu-data-for-accurate-exercise-performance-classification-and-musculoskeletal-injury-risk-screening
#10
Darragh Whelan, Martin O'Reilly, Bingquan Huang, Oonagh Giggins, Tahar Kechadi, Brian Caulfield
Inertial measurement units (IMUs) are becoming increasingly prevalent as a method for low cost and portable biomechanical analysis. However, to date they have not been accepted into routine clinical practice. This is often due to a disconnect between translating the data collected by the sensors into meaningful and actionable information for end users. This paper outlines the work completed by our group in attempting to achieve this. We discuss the conceptual framework involved in our work, the methodological approach taken in analysing sensor signals and discuss possible application models...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248782/occupational-exposures-of-home-healthcare-workers
#11
Noma Agbonifo, Beverly Hittle, Rassull Suarez, Kermit Davis
Population demographics in the United States are rapidly changing with increased dependence on home healthcare (HHC) by an aging population, patients suffering from chronic diseases, and inability to perform activities of daily living. Despite the occupational injury rates for HHC workers (HHCW) being higher than the national average, an understanding of the occupational safety and health experiences and exposures of HHCW is limited. The purpose of this study was to understand the health and safety risk factors for HHCW...
March 2017: Home Healthcare Now
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245273/influence-of-custom-made-and-prefabricated-insoles-before-and-after-an-intense-run
#12
Angel Gabriel Lucas-Cuevas, Andrés Camacho-García, Raúl Llinares, Jose Ignacio Priego Quesada, Salvador Llana-Belloch, Pedro Pérez-Soriano
Each time the foot contacts the ground during running there is a rapid deceleration that results in a shock wave that is transmitted from the foot to the head. The fatigue of the musculoskeletal system during running may decrease the ability of the body to absorb those shock waves and increase the risk of injury. Insoles are commonly prescribed to prevent injuries, and both custom-made and prefabricated insoles have been observed to reduce shock accelerations during running. However, no study to date has included a direct comparison of their behaviour measured over the same group of athletes, and therefore great controversy still exists regarding their effectiveness in reducing impact loading during running...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242569/uphill-walking-biomechanical-demand-on-the-lower-extremities-of-obese-adolescents
#13
Gerda Strutzenberger, Nathalie Alexander, Dominik Bamboschek, Elisabeth Claas, Helmut Langhof, Hermann Schwameder
The number of obesity prevalence in adolescents is still increasing. Obesity treatment programs typically include physical activity with walking being recommended as appropriate activity, but limited information exists on the demand uphill walking places on the joint loading and power of obese adolescents. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of different inclinations on step characteristics, sagittal and frontal joint angles, joint moments and joint power of obese adolescents in comparison to their normal-weight peers...
February 20, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226584/leveraging-imu-data-for-accurate-exercise-performance-classification-and-musculoskeletal-injury-risk-screening
#14
Darragh Whelan, Martin O'Reilly, Bingquan Huang, Oonagh Giggins, Tahar Kechadi, Brian Caulfield, Darragh Whelan, Martin O'Reilly, Bingquan Huang, Oonagh Giggins, Tahar Kechadi, Brian Caulfield, Martin O'Reilly, Brian Caulfield, Oonagh Giggins, Tahar Kechadi, Darragh Whelan, Bingquan Huang
Inertial measurement units (IMUs) are becoming increasingly prevalent as a method for low cost and portable biomechanical analysis. However, to date they have not been accepted into routine clinical practice. This is often due to a disconnect between translating the data collected by the sensors into meaningful and actionable information for end users. This paper outlines the work completed by our group in attempting to achieve this. We discuss the conceptual framework involved in our work, the methodological approach taken in analysing sensor signals and discuss possible application models...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224414/does-the-length-of-disability-between-injury-and-functional-restoration-program-entry-affect-treatment-outcomes-for-patients-with-chronic-disabling-occupational-musculoskeletal-disorders
#15
Sali Asih, Randy Neblett, Tom G Mayer, Robert J Gatchel
Purpose Functional restoration programs (FRPs), for patients with chronic disabling occupational musculoskeletal disorders (CDOMDs), have consistently demonstrated positive socioeconomic treatment outcomes, including decreased psychosocial distress and increased work return. The pre-treatment length of disability (LOD), or time between injury and treatment admission, has been shown to influence FRP work outcomes. Some studies have found that shorter LOD is associated with better work outcomes. However, few studies have actually examined cohorts with LOD duration longer than 18 months...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211842/assessment-of-upper-limb-musculoskeletal-pain-and-posture-in-workers-of-packaging-units-of-pharmaceutical-industries
#16
Yasser Labbafinejad, Hossein Danesh, Zahra Imanizade
BACKGROUND: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders are defined as the disabling or painful injury to the muscles, nerves or tendons that are caused by work or aggravated by it. Some studies confirm the association between working in packaging units in various industries and the pain in the upper limb, but also there are controversies about the possible risk factors among different working populations. OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to define the potential ergonomic risk factors for musculoskeletal pain in the upper limb...
February 17, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203603/physical-activity-level-and-sport-participation-in-relation-to-musculoskeletal-pain-in-a-population-based-study-of-adolescents-the-young-hunt-study
#17
Maren Hjelle Guddal, Synne Øien Stensland, Milada Cvancarova Småstuen, Marianne Bakke Johnsen, John-Anker Zwart, Kjersti Storheim
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of musculoskeletal pain among adolescents is high, and pain in adolescence increases the risk of chronic pain in adulthood. Studies have shown conflicting evidence regarding associations between physical activity and musculoskeletal pain, and few have evaluated the potential impact of sport participation on musculoskeletal pain in adolescent population samples. PURPOSE: To examine the associations between physical activity level, sport participation, and musculoskeletal pain in the neck and shoulders, low back, and lower extremities in a population-based sample of adolescents...
January 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173932/systematic-review-of-countermeasures-to-minimise-physiological-changes-and-risk-of-injury-to-the-lumbopelvic-area-following-long-term-microgravity
#18
Andrew Winnard, Mona Nasser, Dorothee Debuse, Maria Stokes, Simon Evetts, Mick Wilkinson, Julie Hides, Nick Caplan
BACKGROUND: No studies have been published on an astronaut population to assess the effectiveness of countermeasures for limiting physiological changes in the lumbopelvic region caused by microgravity exposure during spaceflight. However, several studies in this area have been done using spaceflight simulation via bed-rest. The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate the effectiveness of countermeasures designed to limit physiological changes to the lumbopelvic region caused by spaceflight simulation by means of bed-rest...
January 2017: Musculoskelet Sci Pract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166893/the-impact-of-intraoperative-microbreaks-with-exercises-on-surgeons-a-multi-center-cohort-study
#19
M S Hallbeck, B R Lowndes, J Bingener, A M Abdelrahman, D Yu, A Bartley, A E Park
Recent literature has demonstrated ergonomic risk to surgeons in the operating room. One method used in other industries to mitigate these ergonomic risks is the incorporation of microbreaks. Thus, intraoperative microbreaks with exercises in a non-crossover design were studied. Fifty-six attending surgeons from 4 Medical Centers volunteered first in a day of their regular surgeries and then second day where there were microbreaks with exercises that could be performed in the sterile field, answering questions after each case, without significantly increasing the duration of their surgeries...
April 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165373/a-profile-of-injuries-sustained-by-law-enforcement-officers-a-critical-review
#20
REVIEW
Kate Lyons, Cameron Radburn, Robin Orr, Rodney Pope
Due to the unpredictable, varied and often physical nature of law enforcement duties, police officers are at a high risk of work-related physical injury. The aim of this critical narrative review was to identify and synthesize key findings of studies that have investigated musculoskeletal injuries sustained by law enforcement officers during occupational tasks. A systematic search of four databases using key search terms was conducted to identify potentially relevant studies, which were assessed against key inclusion and exclusion criteria to determine studies to be included in the review...
February 3, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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