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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884941/developing-predictive-models-for-return-to-work-using-the-military-power-performance-and-prevention-mp3-musculoskeletal-injury-risk-algorithm-a-study-protocol-for-an-injury-risk-assessment-programme
#1
Daniel I Rhon, Deydre S Teyhen, Scott W Shaffer, Stephen L Goffar, Kyle Kiesel, Phil P Plisky
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal injuries are a primary source of disability in the US Military, and low back pain and lower extremity injuries account for over 44% of limited work days annually. History of prior musculoskeletal injury increases the risk for future injury. This study aims to determine the risk of injury after returning to work from a previous injury. The objective is to identify criteria that can help predict likelihood for future injury or re-injury. METHODS: There will be 480 active duty soldiers recruited from across four medical centres...
November 24, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881384/excess-stress-fractures-musculoskeletal-injuries-and-health-care-utilization-among-unfit-and-overweight-female-army-trainees
#2
Margot R Krauss, Nadia U Garvin, Michael R Boivin, David N Cowan
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal injuries are prevalent among military trainees and certain occupations. Fitness and body mass index (BMI) have been associated with musculoskeletal conditions, including stress fractures. HYPOTHESIS: The incidence of, and excess health care utilization for, stress fracture and non-stress fracture overuse musculoskeletal injuries during the first 6 months of service is higher among unfit female recruits. Those who exceeded body fat limits are at a greater risk of incident stress fractures, injuries, or health care utilization compared with weight-qualified recruits...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872744/association-between-sports-type-and-overuse-injuries-of-extremities-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Charlène Chéron, Christine Le Scanff, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde
BACKGROUND: Sporting activities can cause injuries and overuse injuries of the extremities (OIE) in children have been shown to be more common than injuries caused by trauma. The lower extremity is more frequently affected than the upper extremity in OIE, but it is not known whether injury site and diagnosis vary in different sporting activities. PURPOSE: To identify any differences between sports in relation to diagnoses and anatomical areas most likely to be injured...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870697/functional-movement-screen-factorial-validity-and-measurement-invariance-across-sex-among-collegiate-student-athletes
#4
Stacy L Gnacinski, David J Cornell, Barbara B Meyer, Monna Arvinen-Barrow, Jennifer E Earl-Boehm
Gnacinski, SL, Cornell, DJ, Meyer, BB, Arvinen-Barrow, M, and Earl-Boehm, JE. Functional Movement Screen factorial validity and measurement invariance across sex among collegiate student-athletes. J Strength Cond Res 30(12): 3388-3395, 2016-The Functional Movement Screen (FMS) is a screening tool used to evaluate functional movement quality and subsequent musculoskeletal injury risk. Despite recent research on the factorial validity of the FMS, no confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) has been conducted to examine measurement invariance across sex among student-athletes...
December 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863058/the-living-well-after-breast-cancer%C3%A2-pilot-trial-a-weight-loss-intervention-for-women-following-treatment-for-breast-cancer
#5
Marina Reeves, Elisabeth Winkler, Nicole Mccarthy, Sheleigh Lawler, Caroline Terranova, Sandi Hayes, Monika Janda, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried, Elizabeth Eakin
AIM: Obesity is associated with poor prognosis and risk of treatment side-effects in breast cancer survivors. This pilot study assessed the feasibility, acceptability, safety and efficacy of a telephone-delivered weight loss intervention, among women (BMI 25-40 kg/m(2) ) following treatment for stage I-III breast cancer, on weight loss (primary outcome), quality of life and treatment-related side-effects (vs usual care). METHODS: Ninety women (mean ± SD age: 55...
November 10, 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859527/gait-mechanics-and-second-acl-rupture-implications-for-delaying-return-to-sport
#6
Jacob J Capin, Ashutosh Khandha, Ryan Zarzycki, Kurt Manal, Thomas S Buchanan, Lynn Snyder-Mackler
Second anterior cruciate ligament rupture is a common and devastating injury among young women who return to sport after ACL reconstruction, but it is inadequately understood. The purpose of this study was to compare gait biomechanics and return-to-sport time frames in a matched cohort of young female athletes who, after primary ACLR, returned to sport without re-injury or sustained a second ACL injury. Approximately 6 months after primary reconstruction, 14 young women (age 16 ± 2 years) involved in jumping, cutting, and pivoting sports underwent motion analysis testing after physical therapy and impairment resolution...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851674/hang-them-high-a-hands-free-technique-for-upper-extremity-limb-holding-during-surgical-preparation
#7
Arun Aneja, Patrick Leung, Alejandro Marquez-Lara
Lifting and holding upper and lower limbs during the "prep and drape" portion of certain orthopaedic procedures exert strong forces on the holder and may lead to musculoskeletal disorders. To address these challenges during upper extremity procedures, this article describes a hand-free elevation and traction technique of the upper limbs during preoperative skin preparation with the use of items readily available within the operating room (OR). This technique is particularly useful for heavy or fractured limbs that may impose a physical challenge to lift and maintain in a stable position...
November 2016: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849479/heavy-loads-and-lifting-are-risk-factors-for-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-deployed-female-soldiers
#8
Tanja C Roy, Sara R Piva, Bryan C Christiansen, Jonathan D Lesher, Peter M Doyle, Rachel M Waring, James J Irrgang, Charity G Moore, Teresa L Brininger, Marilyn A Sharp
The purpose of this prospective cohort study was to investigate physical, occupational, and psychosocial risk factors for musculoskeletal injuries (MSI) in deployed female soldiers. Before deployment, participants completed performance testing and surveys and after deployment an additional survey detailing occupational demands and MSI. Data analyzed found 57/160 (36%) suffered 78 MSI. In unadjusted analyses, these factors increased the relative risk (RR, 95% confidence interval) of injury: wearing an average load >10% body weight (BW) (RR = 2...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845667/walking-with-a-backpack-using-load-distribution-and-dynamic-load-compensation-reduces-metabolic-cost-and-adaptations-to-loads
#9
Joon-Hyuk Park, Paul Stegall, Haohan Zhang, Sunil Agrawal
In this study, we showed a way of reducing the metabolic cost of walking with a backpack using load distribution and dynamic load compensation, provided by a wearable upper body device. This device distributes the backpack load between the shoulders and the pelvis, senses the vertical motion of the pelvis, and provides gait synchronized compensatory forces to reduce the dynamic loads from a backpack. It was hypothesized that by reducing dynamic loads from a backpack during load carriage, the users gait and postural adaptation, muscular effort and metabolic cost would be reduced...
November 9, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845355/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-pain-in-the-swiss-spinal-cord-injury-population
#10
R Müller, M W G Brinkhof, U Arnet, T Hinrichs, G Landmann, X Jordan, M Béchir
STUDY DESIGN: Population-based, cross-sectional. OBJECTIVES: To determine pain prevalence and identify factors associated with chronic pain in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) living in Switzerland. SETTING: Swiss SCI Cohort Study (SwiSCI). METHODS: Pain characteristics were assessed using an adapted version of the International SCI Pain Basic Data Set, adding one item of the SCI Secondary Conditions Scale to address chronic pain...
November 15, 2016: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831746/the-interrelationship-of-common-clinical-movement-screens-establishing-population-specific-norms-in-a-large-cohort-of-military-applicants
#11
Sarah J de la Motte, Timothy C Gribbin, Peter Lisman, Anthony I Beutler, Patricia Deuster
CONTEXT:  Musculoskeletal injuries (MSK-Is) are a leading cause of missed duty time and morbidity in the military. Modifiable risk factors for MSK-Is, such as inadequate core stability, poor movement patterns, and dynamic balance deficits, have not been identified in military applicants on entering service. OBJECTIVE:  To establish normative functional movement data using a series of screens in military applicants entering basic training and explore relationships among several movement tests...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826789/avoiding-complications-in-bone-and-soft-tissue-ablation
#12
A Nicholas Kurup, Grant D Schmit, Jonathan M Morris, Thomas D Atwell, John J Schmitz, Adam J Weisbrod, David A Woodrum, Patrick W Eiken, Matthew R Callstrom
As with percutaneous ablation of tumors in the liver, lungs, and kidneys, ablation of bone and non-visceral soft tissue tumors carries risk, primarily from collateral damage to vital structures in proximity to the target tumor. Certain risks are of particular interest when ablating bone and non-visceral soft tissue tumors, namely neural or skin injury, bowel injury, fracture, and gas embolism from damaged applicators. Ablation of large volume tumors also carries special risk. Many techniques may be employed by the interventional radiologist to minimize complications when treating tumors in the musculoskeletal system...
November 8, 2016: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808574/predicting-injury-challenges-in-prospective-injury-risk-factor-identification
#13
Daniel R Clifton, Dustin R Grooms, Jay Hertel, James A Onate
CONTEXT: Musculoskeletal injury-prediction methods vary and may have limitations that affect the accuracy of results and clinical meaningfulness. BACKGROUND: Research examining injury risk factors is meaningful, but attempting to extrapolate injury risk from studies that do not prospectively assess injury occurrence may limit clinical applications. Injury incidence is a vital outcome measure, which allows for the appropriate interpretation of injury-prediction analyses; a lack of injury-incidence data may decrease the accuracy and increase the uncertainty of injury-risk estimates...
August 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806997/evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-and-implementation-of-the-boksmart-safe-six-injury-prevention-programme-a-study-protocol
#14
Nicola Sewry, Evert Verhagen, Mike Lambert, Willem van Mechelen, James Brown
BACKGROUND: The injury burden in rugby union ('rugby') is high. While exercise-based injury prevention programmes have successfully reduced injuries in other sports such as football, there is minimal research on this topic in rugby union. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and implementation of an exercise-based intervention (BokSmart Safe Six) in junior rugby players that aims to reduce the injury risk profile and burden of injury. SETTING: 14-16-year-old junior rugby players in two geographically separated locations in South Africa over the 2017 rugby playing season...
November 2, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802481/metatarsal-shape-and-foot-type-a-geometric-morphometric-analysis
#15
Scott Telfer, Matthew W Kindig, Bruce J Sangeorzan, William R Ledoux
Planus and cavus foot types have been associated with an increased risk of pain and disability. Improving our understanding of the geometric differences between bones in different foot types may provide insights into injury risk profiles and have implications for the design of musculoskeletal and finite element models. In this study we performed a geometric morphometric analysis on the geometry of metatarsal bones from 65 feet, segmented from computed tomography scans. These were categorized into four foot types: pes cavus, neutrally aligned, asymptomatic pes planus, and symptomatic pes planus...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801744/long-term-effects-of-habitual-barefoot-running-and-walking-a-systematic-review
#16
Karsten Hollander, Christoph Heidt, Babette van der Zwaard, Klaus-Michael Braumann, Astrid Zech
INTRODUCTION: Barefoot locomotion is widely believed to be beneficial for motor development and biomechanics but are implied to be responsible for foot pathologies and running-related injuries. While most of available studies focused on acute effects of barefoot running and walking little is known regarding the effects of long-term barefoot vs. shod locomotion. The purpose of this study was to systematically review the literature to evaluate current evidence of habitual barefoot (HB) vs...
October 31, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792024/pre-employment-physical-capacity-testing-as%C3%A2-a%C3%A2-predictor-for-musculoskeletal-injury-in%C3%A2-paramedics-a%C3%A2-review-of-the-literature
#17
Natasha Jenkins, Gavin Smith, Scott Stewart, Catherine Kamphuis
BACKGROUND: Workplace injuries place a significant physical, social and financial burden on organisations globally. Paramedics provide emergency management of workplace injuries, and are subjected to heightened injury risk as a direct consequence of providing such care. OBJECTIVE: This review aims to identify the current evidence reporting workplace musculoskeletal injury generally, and to relate this to pre-employment physical capacity testing within the paramedic industry specifically...
October 22, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790624/prevalence-of-musculoskeletal-conditions-in-tennis-teaching-professionals
#18
Ricardo E Colberg, Kyle T Aune, Matthew S Propst
BACKGROUND: Tennis-teaching professionals represent a significant proportion of all avid tennis players worldwide, with 15,000 belonging to the largest professional organization, the United States Professional Tennis Association (USPTA). However, there is no epidemiologic study to date reporting the prevalence of musculoskeletal conditions in these tennis-teaching professionals. PURPOSE: To investigate the prevalence of musculoskeletal conditions in tennis-teaching professionals following the International Tennis Federation's (ITF) guidelines for epidemiologic studies...
October 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780179/musculoskeletal-complaints-while-growing-up-from-age-11-to-age-14-the-piama-birth-cohort-study
#19
H Susan J Picavet, Nina Berentzen, Ninotsjka Scheuer, Raymond W J G Ostelo, Bert Brunekreef, Henriette A Smit, Alet Wijga
For musculoskeletal complaints (MSCs) among adults, several risk factors are known, but the most important determinant is an earlier episode of MSCs. Research has shifted to younger ages, showing a high prevalence of MSCs among children and adolescents. Our purpose was to evaluate the prevalence of MSCs among those growing up from age 11 to 14 and to explore the role of several sociodemographic, growth and development, psychosocial, and lifestyle factors. Data collected at age 11 (n = 2651) and age 14 (n = 2522) in the ongoing Dutch Prevention and Incidence of Asthma and Mite Allergy (PIAMA) birth cohort study were used...
December 2016: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777822/the-role-of-dynamic-4d-ct-in-the-detection-of-scapholunate-ligament-injury
#20
Sanjeev Kakar, Ryan E Breighner, Shuai Leng, Cynthia H McCollough, Steven L Moran, Richard A Berger, Kristin D Zhao
Background Scapholunate (SL) interosseus ligament injuries detected at an early stage could allow the surgeon to prevent progression through the spectrum of injury that leads to instability, and eventually osteoarthritis. We contend that early instability following injury can be detected by visualizing the relative motions and distances between the involved carpal bones (scaphoid and lunate) during wrist movement in vivo. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the utility of dynamic CT (i.e., 4DCT) in diagnosing SL interosseus ligament injuries in two patients with clinical suspicion of SL interosseus ligament injury during flexion-extension (FE), radial-ulnar (RU) deviation, and dart thrower's (DT) motions...
November 2016: Journal of Wrist Surgery
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