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musculoskeletal injury risk

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426513/evaluation-of-the-functional-movement-screen-and-a-novel-basketball-mobility-test-as-an-injury-prediction-tool-for-collegiate-basketball-players
#1
Colin W Bond, Jason C Dorman, Tryg O Odney, Scott J Roggenbuck, Steven W Young, Thayne A Munce
Identifying injury risk and implementing preventive measures can assist in reducing injury occurrence and may ultimately improve athletic performance. Improper movement patterns often contribute to musculoskeletal (MSK) injuries. The validity of the Functional Movement Screen (FMS™) as an injury prediction tool for athletes remains unclear. We designed the Basketball-Specific Mobility Test (BMT) to represent the neuromuscular demands of basketball and identify deficiencies that may be indicative of greater MSK injury risk while playing this sport...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424850/incidence-and-mri-characterization-of-the-spectrum-of-posterolateral-corner-injuries-occurring-in-association-with-acl-rupture
#2
Eduardo Frois Temponi, Lúcio Honório de Carvalho Júnior, Adnan Saithna, Mathieu Thaunat, Bertrand Sonnery-Cottet
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence and MRI characteristics of the spectrum of posterolateral corner (PLC) injuries occurring in association with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We carried out a level IV, retrospective case series study. All patients clinically diagnosed with an ACL rupture between July 2015 and June 2016 who underwent MRI of the knee were included in the study. In addition to standard MRI knee reporting, emphasis was placed on identifying injury to the PLC and a description of involvement of these structures by two musculoskeletal radiologists...
April 20, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419034/complications-and-functional-outcomes-after-pantalar-dislocation
#3
Kaeleen A Boden, Douglas S Weinberg, Heather A Vallier
BACKGROUND: Pantalar dislocations without associated talar fracture are rare and have high risks of complications, including infection, osteonecrosis, and posttraumatic osteoarthrosis. Limited information on later function exists. This study evaluated complications and outcomes following pantalar dislocation without talar fracture. METHODS: Nineteen patients were identified with open (n = 14) or closed (n = 5) pantalar dislocations without talar fracture. Ten male and 9 female patients with a mean age of 39...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404613/risk-factors-of-non-specific-neck-pain-and-low-back-pain-in-computer-using-office-workers-in-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Sunyue Ye, Qinglei Jing, Chen Wei, Jie Lu
OBJECTIVES: Several studies have found that inappropriate workstations are associated with musculoskeletal disorders. The present cross-sectional study aimed to identify the risk factors of non-specific neck pain (NP) and low back pain (LBP) among computer-using workers. DESIGN: Observational study with a cross-sectional sample. SETTING: This study surveyed 15 companies in Zhejiang province, China. PARTICIPANTS: After excluding participants with missing variables, 417 office workers, including 163 men and 254 women, were analyzed...
April 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401126/factors-associated-with-the-duration-of-disability-benefits-claims-among-canadian-workers-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#5
Sohail M Mulla, Sun Makosso-Kallyth, Nathalie St-Hilaire, Katrena Munsch, Peter B Gove, Diane Heels-Ansdell, Gordon H Guyatt, Jason W Busse
BACKGROUND: Disability insurance protects workers from total loss of income in case of a disabling injury or illness by providing wage-replacement benefits. To better inform early identification of claims at risk of prolonged recovery, we explored predictors of the duration of disability benefits claims. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using claims data provided by SSQ Life Insurance Company Inc., a private Canadian disability insurer. We examined all claims SSQ approved for short- and long-term disability benefits from Jan...
January 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399582/-german-national-physical-activity-recommendations-for-adults-and-older-adults-methods-database-and-rationale
#6
Eszter Füzéki, Lutz Vogt, Winfried Banzer
National physical activity recommendations are regarded as crucial elements of comprehensive physical activity promotion strategies. To date, Germany has no such national physical activity recommendations. The aim of this study was to provide physical activity recommendations based on a comprehensive summary of scientific evidence on the relationships between physical activity and a range of health outcomes in adults and older adults. The recommendations were developed in a 3-phase process (systematic literature review, development and use of quality criteria, synthesis of content) based on already existing high-quality guidelines...
March 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394713/elbow-mri-findings-do-not-correlate-with-future-placement-on-the-disabled-list-in-asymptomatic-professional-baseball-pitchers
#7
Nicholas M Gutierrez, Christopher Granville, Lee Kaplan, Michael Baraga, Jean Jose
BACKGROUND: Injury rates among professional baseball players may reach as high as 5.8 per 1000 encounters, with pitchers being most vulnerable on account of the excessive biomechanical load on the upper extremity during the throwing motion. Anatomically, the shoulder is the most common site of pitching-related injury, accounting for 30.7% of injuries, closely followed by the elbow at 26.3%. Characteristic valgus loading imparts a predictable constellation of stresses on the joint, including medial tension, lateral compression, and posterior medial shearing...
April 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391750/incidence-aetiology-and-prevention-of-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-volleyball-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#8
O Kilic, M Maas, E Verhagen, J Zwerver, V Gouttebarge
Currently, there is no overview of the incidence and (volleyball-specific) risk factors of musculoskeletal injuries among volleyball players, nor any insight into the effect of preventive measures on the incidence of injuries in volleyball. This study aimed to review systematically the scientific evidence on the incidence, prevalence, aetiology and preventive measures of volleyball injuries. To this end, a highly sensitive search strategy was built based on two groups of keywords (and their synonyms). Two electronic databases were searched, namely Medline (biomedical literature) via Pubmed, and SPORTDiscus (sports and sports medicine literature) via EBSCOhost...
April 9, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385043/the-dose-response-effects-of-aerobic-exercise-on-musculoskeletal-injury-a-post-hoc-analysis-of-a-randomized-trial
#9
Justin C Brown, Kathryn H Schmitz
In a post hoc analysis, we quantified the risk of musculoskeletal injury (MSI) associated with different volumes of aerobic exercise in a randomized trial. Premenopausal women (n = 119) were randomized to one of three groups: low-dose aerobic exercise (150 min·per week), high-dose aerobic exercise (300 min·per week) or control (usual activity) for 5 months. Compared to the control group, the risk of reporting an acute MSI increased with higher volumes of aerobic exercise, with a similar pattern observed for recurrent MSI...
April 6, 2017: Research in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379879/the-relationship-between-bmi-and-work-related-musculoskeletal-msk-injury-rates-is-modified-by-job-associated-level-of-msk-injury-risk
#10
Ashley Schoenfisch, John Dement, Kayla Stankevitz, Truls Østbye
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and occupational musculoskeletal (MSK) injury rates, and the statistical interaction between BMI and occupational exposure to MSK hazards (measured by level of MSK injury risk based on job category). METHODS: Using 17 years of data from 38,214 university and health system employees, multivariate Poisson regression modeled the interaction between BMI and MSK injury risk on injury rates...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360142/do-functional-movement-screen-fms-composite-scores-predict-subsequent-injury-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Robert W Moran, Anthony G Schneiders, Jesse Mason, S John Sullivan
AIM: This paper aims to systematically review studies investigating the strength of association between FMS composite scores and subsequent risk of injury, taking into account both methodological quality and clinical and methodological diversity. DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: A systematic search of electronic databases was conducted for the period between their inception and 3 March 2016 using PubMed, Medline, Google Scholar, Scopus, Academic Search Complete, AMED (Allied and Complementary Medicine Database), CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature), Health Source and SPORTDiscus...
March 30, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359711/painful-discrimination-in-the-emergency-department-risk-factors-for-underassessment-of-patients-pain-by-nurses
#12
Jorien G J Pierik, Maarten J IJzerman, Menno I Gaakeer, Miriam M R Vollenbroek-Hutten, Carine J M Doggen
BACKGROUND: Unrelieved acute musculoskeletal pain continues to be a reality of major clinical importance, despite advancements in pain management. Accurate pain assessment by nurses is crucial for effective pain management. Yet inaccurate pain assessment is a consistent finding worldwide in various clinical settings, including the emergency department. In this study, pain assessments between nurses and patients with acute musculoskeletal pain after extremity injury will be compared to assess discrepancies...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359131/-sports-injuries-and-illnesses-of-the-german-national-team-during-the-2016-olympic-summer-games-in-rio-de-janeiro
#13
Casper Grim, Thilo Hotfiel, Martin Engelhardt, Syndey Plewinski, Olav Spahl, Bernd Wolfarth
Background This article aims to survey and describe the injuries and illnesses of the German Team during the 2016 Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro. Methods Through an electronic documentation system, injuries and illnesses requiring treatment were recorded and evaluated. An injury or illness was defined as any physical symptom that required medical attention and impaired participation in training and/or competition. The classification distinguished between type of injury (acute or overload), region and type of illness (infections, skin, allergy, etc...
January 2017: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358823/genome-wide-association-screens-for-achilles-tendon-and-acl-tears-and-tendinopathy
#14
Stuart K Kim, Thomas R Roos, Andrew K Roos, John P Kleimeyer, Marwa A Ahmed, Gabrielle T Goodlin, Michael Fredericson, John P A Ioannidis, Andrew L Avins, Jason L Dragoo
Achilles tendinopathy or rupture and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture are substantial injuries affecting athletes, associated with delayed recovery or inability to return to competition. To identify genetic markers that might be used to predict risk for these injuries, we performed genome-wide association screens for these injuries using data from the Genetic Epidemiology Research on Adult Health and Aging (GERA) cohort consisting of 102,979 individuals. We did not find any single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with either of these injuries with a p-value that was genome-wide significant (p<5x10-8)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358780/the-cure-that-lies-within-the-mind-body-connection-in-orthopaedics
#15
Erin Sullivan, Jeremy Hudson
The mind and the body are clearly intertwined in ways that are only now being discovered. In the orthopaedic world, injuries and diseases are often classified and described in a very organized, discrete fashion-The radius is fractured, the ACL or meniscus or rotator cuff is torn, the ankle is sprained, and/or the lumbar spine has a disc herniation. Although it is, in many ways, almost comforting to think about injuries or orthopaedic issues in this manner, what about the many patients who fail to fall into this classification? What about the thousands of patients with severe unexplained chronic pain or patients who just are not improving with the typical treatment algorithm...
March 2017: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355616/medical-evacuations-in-the-oil-and-gas-industry-a-retrospective-review-with-implications-for-future-evacuation-and-preventative-strategies%C3%A2
#16
Sharyn Toner, Derkje H Andrée Wiltens, Johannes Berg, Hector Williams, Susan Klein, Simon Marshall, Neil Nerwich, Ryan Copeland
BACKGROUND: Businesses increasingly conduct operations in remote areas where medical evacuation [Medevac(s)] carries more risk. Royal Dutch Shell developed a remote healthcare strategy whereby enhanced remote healthcare is made available to the patient through use of telemedicine and telemetry. To evaluate that strategy, a review of Medevacs of Shell International employees [i.e. expatriate employees (EEs) and frequent business travellers (FBTs)] was undertaken. METHOD: A retrospective review of Medevac data (period 2008-12) that were similar in operational constraints and population profile was conducted...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349656/equine-performance-genes-and-the-future-of-doping-in-horseracing
#17
Tessa Wilkin, Anna Baoutina, Natasha Hamilton
A horse's success on the racetrack is determined by genetics, training and nutrition, and their translation into physical traits such as speed, endurance and muscle strength. Advances in genetic technologies are slowly explaining the roles of specific genes in equine performance, and offering new insights into the development of novel therapies for diseases and musculoskeletal injuries that cause early retirement of many racehorses. Gene therapy approaches may also soon provide new means to artificially enhance the physical performance of racehorses...
March 27, 2017: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340108/cigarette-smoking-and-musculoskeletal-pain-severity-among-male-and-female-afghanistan-iraq-era-veterans
#18
Kimberly T Green, Sarah M Wilson, Paul A Dennis, Jennifer J Runnals, Rebecca A Williams, Lori A Bastian, Jean C Beckham, Eric A Dedert, Harold S Kudler, Kristy Straits-Tröster, Jennifer M Gierisch, Patrick S Calhoun
Objective.:  Cigarette smoking and musculoskeletal pain are prevalent among Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) health care system users. These conditions frequently co-occur; however, there is limited empirical information specific to Afghanistan/Iraq era veterans. The present study sought to examine gender differences in the association between cigarette smoking and moderate to severe musculoskeletal pain in US veterans with Afghanistan/Iraq era service. Methods.:  A random sample of 5,000 veterans with service after November 11, 2001, participated in a survey assessing health care needs and barriers to care...
March 14, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336041/double-edged-sword-musculoskeletal-infection-provoked-acute-phase-response-in-children
#19
REVIEW
Michael Benvenuti, Thomas An, Emilie Amaro, Steven Lovejoy, Gregory Mencio, Jeffrey Martus, Megan Mignemi, Jonathan G Schoenecker
The acute phase response has a crucial role in mounting the body's response to tissue injury. Excessive activation of the acute phase response is responsible for many complications that occur in orthopedic patients. Given that infection may be considered continuous tissue injury that persistently activates the acute phase response, children with musculoskeletal infections are at markedly increased risk for serious complications. Future strategies that modulate the acute phase response have the potential to improve treatment and prevent complications associated with musculoskeletal infection...
April 2017: Orthopedic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330449/a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-effects-of-load-carriage-on-running-characteristics-and-tibial-mechanical-stress-implications-for-stress-fracture-injuries-in-women
#20
Chun Xu, Amy Silder, Ju Zhang, Jaques Reifman, Ginu Unnikrishnan
BACKGROUND: Load carriage is associated with musculoskeletal injuries, such as stress fractures, during military basic combat training. By investigating the influence of load carriage during exercises on the kinematics and kinetics of the body and on the biomechanical responses of bones, such as the tibia, we can quantify the role of load carriage on bone health. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study using an integrated musculoskeletal-finite-element model to analyze how the amount of load carriage in women affected the kinematics and kinetics of the body, as well as the tibial mechanical stress during running...
March 23, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
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