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musculoskeletal injury risk

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239989/a-systematic-review-of-the-association-between-physical-fitness-and-musculoskeletal-injury-risk-part-3-flexibility-power-speed-balance-and-agility
#1
Sarah J de la Motte, Peter Lisman, Timothy C Gribbin, Kaitlin Murphy, Patricia A Deuster
We performed a systematic review and evaluation of the existing scientific literature on the association between flexibility, power, speed, balance, and agility, and musculoskeletal injury (MSK-I) risk in military and civilian populations. MEDLINE, EBSCO, EMBASE, and the Defense Technical Information Center were searched for original studies published from 1970 through 2015 that examined associations between these physical fitness measures (flexibility, power, speed, balance, and agility) and MSK-I. Methodological quality and strength of the evidence were determined following criteria adapted from previously published systematic reviews...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234493/what-are-the-risks-of-manual-treatment-of-the-spine-a-scoping-review-for-clinicians
#2
REVIEW
Gabrielle Swait, Rob Finch
Background: Communicating to patients the risks of manual treatment to the spine is an important, but challenging element of informed consent. This scoping review aimed to characterise and summarise the available literature on risks and to describe implications for clinical practice and research. Method: A methodological framework for scoping reviews was followed. Systematic searches were conducted during June 2017. The quantity, nature and sources of literature were described...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232762/review-article-best-practice-management-of-low-back-pain-in-the-emergency-department-part-1-of-the-musculoskeletal-injuries-rapid-review-series
#3
REVIEW
Kirsten Strudwick, Megan McPhee, Anthony Bell, Melinda Martin-Khan, Trevor Russell
Low back pain (LBP) is a common presentation to the ED, and a frequent cause of disability globally. The ED management is often associated with high rates of imaging, misuse and overuse of pharmacology and subsequent financial implications. Given this, improved quality of care for patients with LBP in ED is essential. This rapid review investigated best practice for the assessment and management of LBP in the ED. PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, TRIP and the grey literature, including relevant organisational websites, were searched in 2015...
December 12, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227730/physical-and-performance-characteristics-related-to-unintentional-musculoskeletal-injury-in-special-forces-operators-a-prospective-analysis
#4
Nicholas R Heebner, John P Abt, Mita Lovalekar, Kim Beals, Timothy C Sell, Jeffery Morgan, Shawn Kane, Scott Lephart
CONTEXT:   Seventy-seven percent of musculoskeletal injuries sustained by United States Army Special Forces Operators are preventable. Identification of predictive characteristics will promote the development of screening methods to augment injury-prevention programs. OBJECTIVE:   To determine physical and performance characteristics that predict musculoskeletal injuries. SETTING:   Clinical laboratory. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:   A total of 95 Operators (age = 32...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214619/real-time-interrater-reliability-of-a-novel-musculoskeletal-readiness-screening-tool
#5
Mark D Thelen, Shane L Koppenhaver, Shanee E Allen, Michael U Bolduc, Riley K Quan, Anne E Sidwell
Military service members receive regular screenings for a variety of health conditions, but a field-expedient and military-specific screening tool that identifies an individual's risk for injury has not yet been identified. The purpose of this study is to describe the conduct of a novel musculoskeletal readiness screening tool (MRST) and evaluate the real-time interrater reliability of the MRST when scored by raters with differing levels of medical experience. MATERIALS/METHODS: This study included a convenience sample of 40 active duty military participants (30 male, 10 female, mean age 29...
October 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214171/evaluating-swine-injection-technologies-as-a-workplace-musculoskeletal-injury-intervention-a-study-protocol
#6
Catherine Trask, Brenna Bath, Stephan Milosavljevic, Aaron M Kociolek, Bernardo Predicala, Erika Penz, Olugbenga Adebayo, Lee Whittington
Intensification of modern swine production has led to many new technologies, including needleless injectors. Although needleless injectors may increase productivity (by reducing injection time) and reduce needlestick injuries, the effect on risk for musculoskeletal disorders is not clear. This project will compare conventional needles with needleless injectors in terms of cost, productivity, injury rates, biomechanical exposures, and worker preference. Muscle activity (EMG) and hand/wrist posture will be measured on swine workers performing injection tasks with both injection methods...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213011/the-prevalence-of-occupational-health-related-problems-in-dentistry-a-review-of-the-literature
#7
Rajeshree Moodley, J M Van Wyk, Saloshni Naidoo
The study was conducted to report on the scope and prevalence of occupational health related-problems experienced by dentists, dental therapists, and oral hygienists in their practice of dentistry. BACKGROUND: Professional practice and dental training have many risk factors, and the dental team should be able to recognize these factors to protect themselves. The prevalence of conditions related to the musculoskeletal system, stress, percutaneous injuries, ears, and eyes are of concern...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181147/a-unique-case-of-popliteal-artery-transection-after-a-motorcycle-collision
#8
Eric J Weiner, Jordan J Ditchek, Rachele J Solomon, Stephanie Eyerly-Webb, Chauniqua Kiffin, Eddy H Carrillo, Dafney L Davare
Popliteal artery injuries may have devastating consequences if not recognized in a timely fashion. The risk of delayed diagnosis of a vascular injury is particularly high in blunt trauma to the lower extremity. We present a case of popliteal artery injury that is unusual in two respects: severity (a complete transection in the setting of a blunt injury) and lack of clinical and radiographic signs of the commonly associated musculoskeletal injuries.
November 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169097/altered-postural-control-variability-in-older-aged-individuals-with-a-history-of-lateral-ankle-sprain
#9
Masafumi Terada, Kyle Kosik, Nathan Johnson, Phillip Gribble
The current study aimed to examine postural control performance during a single-leg balance task in elderly individuals with and without a previous history of lateral ankle sprain (LAS). Eighteen adults with a previous hisoty of LAS (mean age=66years old) and 12 healthy controls (mean age=65years old) were included in the study. Participants performed three trials of a single-leg balance task during an eyes-opened condition for 20-s. Center of pressure (COP) trajectories in the anteroposterior (AP) and mediolateral (ML) directions were collected with a force plate...
November 12, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162078/a-tailored-counseling-and-home-based-rehabilitation-program-to-increase-physical-activity-and-improve-mobility-among-community-dwelling-older-people-after-hospitalization-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
K Turunen, L Aaltonen, J Kumpumäki, E Portegijs, S Keikkala, M-L Kinnunen, T Finni, S Sipilä, R Nikander
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) decreases during hospitalization. In particular, the amount of PA engaged in by older people who are hospitalized following musculoskeletal injury is likely to be limited for months after discharge home. Given the importance of an active lifestyle for their recovery and the prevention of future adverse outcomes, there is clearly a need for interventions to increase PA. This article describes the protocol of a randomized controlled trial set up to investigate the effects of a physical activity oriented home rehabilitation program (ProPA) on PA and the restoration of mobility in community-dwelling older people...
November 21, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161335/shoulder-complaints-in-wheelchair-athletes-a-systematic-review
#11
Omar W Heyward, Riemer J K Vegter, Sonja de Groot, Lucas H V van der Woude
BACKGROUND: In recent years the popularity of disabled sports and competition among disabled athletes has grown considerably. With this rise in exposure of, and participation in wheelchair sports comes an increase in related stressors, including musculoskeletal load. External mechanical loading may increase the risk of shoulder complaints. The objective of this literature review was to 1) identify and describe the prevalence and/or incidence of shoulder complaints in wheelchair athletes in the literature, to 2) examine the factors and underlying mechanisms that could be potentially involved, and 3) provide some insights into the development of preventative measures...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159851/comparison-of-three-fixation-methods-in-treatment-of-tibial-fracture-in-adolescents
#12
REVIEW
Lixiang Lin, Yang Liu, Chuanlu Lin, Yifei Zhou, Yongzeng Feng, Xiaolong Shui, Kehe Yu, Xiaolang Lu, Jianjun Hong, Yang Yu
BACKGROUND: Tibial fractures are the most common musculoskeletal injury in adolescents. The optimal management of tibial fractures in adolescents is controversial. In this study, we compared the outcomes including complications of three fixation methods in tibial fractures of adolescents and explored the factors associated with the complications. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study about 83 diaphyseal tibial fractures in 79 children and adolescents, who were treated with plate fixation (PF), elastic stable intramedullary nail fixation (ESINF), or external fixation (EF), was conducted...
November 21, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150470/platelet-rich-plasma-in-achilles-tendon-healing-2-path-2-trial-protocol-for-a-multicentre-participant-and-assessor-blinded-parallel-group-randomised-clinical-trial-comparing-platelet-rich-plasma-prp-injection-versus-placebo-injection-for-achilles-tendon-rupture
#13
Joseph Alsousou, David J Keene, Philippa A Hulley, Paul Harrison, Susan Wagland, Christopher Byrne, Michael Maia Schlüssel, Susan J Dutton, Sarah E Lamb, Keith Willett
BACKGROUND: Achilles tendon injuries give rise to substantial long-lasting morbidity and pose considerable challenges for clinicians and patients during the lengthy healing period. Current treatment strategies struggle to curb the burden of this injury on health systems and society due to lengthy rehabilitation, work absence and reinjury risk. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is an autologous preparation that has been shown to improve the mechanobiological properties of tendons in laboratory and animal studies...
November 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144253/pediatric-orthopedic-hoverboard-injuries-a-prospectively-enrolled-cohort
#14
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Andrew D Sobel, Daniel B Reid, Travis D Blood, Alan H Daniels, Aristides I Cruz
Hoverboards pose a significant risk of musculoskeletal injury to pediatric riders. A prospectively enrolled cohort yielded 9 pediatric patients injured while riding hoverboards in 2016. Eight of the injuries involved the upper extremity, and one involved the lower extremity. No riders wore any safety equipment and injury patterns modeled those seen in skateboard riders.
November 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140128/lower-extremity-musculoskeletal-injury-risk-after-concussion-recovery-in-high-school-athletes
#15
Robert C Lynall, Timothy C Mauntel, Ryan T Pohlig, Zachary Y Kerr, Thomas P Dompier, Eric E Hall, Thomas A Buckley
CONTEXT:   Although an association between concussion and musculoskeletal injury has been described in collegiate and professional athletes, no researchers have investigated an association in younger athletes. OBJECTIVE:   To determine if concussion in high school athletes increased the risk for lower extremity musculoskeletal injury after return to activity. DESIGN:   Observational cohort study. SETTING:   One hundred ninety-six high schools across 26 states...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135640/neuromechanical-considerations-for-postconcussion-musculoskeletal-injury-risk-management
#16
Gary B Wilkerson, Dustin R Grooms, Shellie N Acocello
Recent epidemiological studies have documented increased susceptibility to musculoskeletal injury after sport-related concussion, which raises questions about the adequacy of current clinical practices to ensure safe return to sport. A growing body of evidence derived from advanced neuroimaging and neurological assessment methods strongly suggests that mild traumatic brain injury has long-lasting adverse effects that persist beyond resolution of clinical symptoms. Plausible interrelationships among postconcussion changes in brain structure and function support the rationale for specific methods of clinical assessment and training to target the interaction of cognitive and motor function for reduction of musculoskeletal injury risk after concussion...
November 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135637/triathlon-injuries-transitioning-from-prevalence-to-prediction-and-prevention
#17
Carolyn M Kienstra, Tristen R Asken, Jennifer D Garcia, Vanessa Lara, Thomas M Best
The Ironman triathlon began in Hawaii in 1978 with 50 participants. Since then, the race has continued to grow in popularity. Injuries are very common among triathletes. Studies have looked at the relationship between injuries and many different factors. Sex, age, and morphological characteristics, such as height, weight, and body mass index, have not been shown to correlate with injury. The association between training volume and injury has shown inconsistent results. This could be due to multiple factors in study design including definitions and evaluation of training volume...
November 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131779/sport-sampling-is-associated-with-improved-landing-technique-in-youth-athletes
#18
Lindsay J DiStefano, Eleanor M Beltz, Hayley J Root, Jessica C Martinez, Andrew Houghton, Nicole Taranto, Katherine Pearce, Erin McConnell, Courtney Muscat, Steve Boyle, Thomas H Trojian
BACKGROUND: Sport sampling is recommended to promote fundamental movement skill acquisition and physical activity. In contrast, sport specialization is associated with musculoskeletal injury risk, burnout, and attrition from sport. There is limited evidence to support the influence of sport sampling on neuromuscular control, which is associated with injury risk, in youth athletes. HYPOTHESIS: Athletes who participated in only 1 sport during the previous year would demonstrate higher Landing Error Scoring System (LESS) scores than their counterparts...
November 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127266/injuries-in-female-and-male-elite-taekwondo-athletes-a-10-year-prospective-epidemiological-study-of-1466-injuries-sustained-during-250-000-training-hours
#19
Ki Jun Park, Brian Byung Song
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine the injury patterns associated with training activities in elite South Korean taekwondo athletes training for the Olympic Games. METHODS: We collected data prospectively from 2007 to 2016 at the Korea National Training Center in Seoul, South Korea. A sports injury was defined as acute or chronic musculoskeletal signs and symptoms due to taekwondo activities during training sessions. Athletes were assessed by an on-site sports medicine specialist...
November 10, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122191/identifying-interactive-effects-of-task-demands-in-lifting-on-estimates-of-in-vivo-low-back-joint-loads
#20
Chad E Gooyers, Tyson A C Beach, David M Frost, Samuel J Howarth, Jack P Callaghan
This investigation examined interactions between the magnitude of external load, movement speed and (a)symmetry of load placement on estimates of in vivo joint loading in the lumbar spine during simulated occupational lifting. Thirty-two participants with manual materials handling experience were included in the study. Three-dimensional motion data, ground reaction forces, and activation of six bilateral trunk muscle groups were captured while participants performed lifts with two loads at two movement speeds and using two load locations...
February 2018: Applied Ergonomics
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