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musculoskeletal injury risk

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912622/risk-factors-for-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-elite-junior-tennis-players-a-systematic-review
#1
Jacobien H F Oosterhoff, Vincent Gouttebarge, Maarten Moen, J Bart Staal, Gino M M J Kerkhoffs, Johannes L Tol, Babette M Pluim
The objective was to systematically review the literature on risk factors and prevention programs for musculoskeletal injuries among tennis players. PubmedMedline, Embase, CINAHL, Cochrane, SportDiscus were searched up to February 2017. Experts in clinical and epidemiological medicine were contacted to obtain additional studies. For risk factors, prospective cohort studies (n > 20) with a statistical analysis for injured and non-injured players were included and studies with a RCT design for prevention programs...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910741/physiology-and-pathophysiology-in-ultra-marathon-running
#2
REVIEW
Beat Knechtle, Pantelis T Nikolaidis
In this overview, we summarize the findings of the literature with regards to physiology and pathophysiology of ultra-marathon running. The number of ultra-marathon races and the number of official finishers considerably increased in the last decades especially due to the increased number of female and age-group runners. A typical ultra-marathoner is male, married, well-educated, and ~45 years old. Female ultra-marathoners account for ~20% of the total number of finishers. Ultra-marathoners are older and have a larger weekly training volume, but run more slowly during training compared to marathoners...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910469/work-ability-of-aging-teachers-in-bulgaria
#3
Katya Vangelova, Irina Dimitrova, Bistra Tzenova
OBJECTIVES: The work ability of aging teachers is of special interest because of high risk of stress. The aim of the study was to follow the work ability of aging teachers and compare it with that of aging non-teacher professionals. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 424 teachers of age ≤ 44 years old (N = 140) and ≥ 45 years old (N = 284), with about 10% male teachers in both age groups, matched by sex and age with non-teacher professionals. Work ability was assessed by means of the Work Ability Index (WAI)...
June 8, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905767/the-multisystem-effects-of-simulated-agricultural-whole-body-vibration-on-acute-sensorimotor-physical-and-cognitive-performance
#4
Marcus Yung, Liana M Tennant, Stephan Milosavljevic, Catherine Trask
Background: Exposure to whole body vibration (WBV) is common in construction, agriculture, mining, and transportation. There is strong epidemiological evidence linking WBV with adverse health outcomes in the long-term, including low back pain. Fortunately, WBV exposure guidelines to prevent long-term musculoskeletal disorders and discomfort exist. In the shorter-term, it has been speculated that occupational levels of WBV may lead to increased risk of vehicle accidents and falls during egress; however, the acute effects of different vibration intensities remain poorly understood and it is uncertain whether established standards protect the worker from injurious short-term effects...
June 14, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901814/physical-fitness-and-body-anthropometrics-profiles-of-the-female-recruits-entering-to-voluntary-military-service
#5
Matti Santtila, Kai Pihlainen, Harri Koski, Tommi Ojanen, Heikki Kyröläinen
Introduction: The physical fitness of male conscripts has decreased, and body mass increased during the last few decades, especially in Nordic countries. However, limited research-based reports are available concerning the physical fitness profiles of female recruits. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate changes in physical fitness and body composition of female recruits entering voluntary Finnish military service between the years 2005 and 2015. Materials and methods: Data were collected from the initial fitness tests performed in military units during the first 2 weeks of military service...
June 13, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901651/intraoperative-sonography-may-reduce-the-risk-of-extensor-pollicis-longus-tendon-injury-during-dorsal-entry-elastic-intramedullary-nailing-of-the-radius-in-children
#6
Marcell Varga, Nikoletta Gáti, Tamás Kassai, Szilvia Papp, Sándor Pintér
Extensor pollicis longus tendon (EPL) injury is a potential complication of dorsal entry radial elastic nailing technique in children. The aim of this study was to investigate if intraoperative ultrasonographic guidance can reduce the risk of (EPL) injury.Correlation between sonographic and operative findings were examined first in 6 adult cadavers. Position of Lister's tubercle, EPL, and extraosseal end of the elastic nail were detected by ultrasound imaging during a minimally invasive dorsal entry nailing...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889962/the-role-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-optimizing-injury-management-in-air-force-pararescuemen-combat-rescue-officers-and-survival-specialists
#7
Stephen C Rush, Christopher Foresto, Christopher W Hewitt, Marc G Grossman, Christopher D Petersen, Isabelle Gallo, Brian P Staak, Jessica T Rush
Operators perform physically demanding jobs associated with a variety of overuse and acute musculoskeletal injuries. The current management of musculoskeletal complaints in the Air Force includes plane radiographs and 6 weeks of physical therapy (PT) before consideration of orthopedic consultation and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); however, MRI shows a clear advantage compared with plane radiographs. We conducted a performance improvement project and conclude that (1) MRI allowed for definitive diagnosis as well as definitive triage for care in a timely manner, (2) guidelines for ordering lumbosacral MRIs should be followed and not ordered for pain that is not progressive and severe or not associated with a neurological finding, and (3) because of the risk of X-ray exposure in patients in their 20 and 30s, X-rays should be avoided in this setting unless definitely indicated...
2018: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884165/the-effectiveness-of-interventions-designed-to-increase-the-uptake-of-clinical-practice-guidelines-and-best-practices-among-musculoskeletal-professionals-a-systematic-review
#8
Fadi M Al Zoubi, Anita Menon, Nancy E Mayo, André E Bussières
BACKGROUND: The objective of this systematic review was to summarize and evaluate evidence about the effectiveness of knowledge translation (KT) interventions to improve the uptake and application of clinical practice guidelines and best practices for a wide range of musculoskeletal (MSK) disorders and health care professionals. METHODS: A search for relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published in English was conducted in MEDLINE (Ovid interface), EMBASE, CINAHL, and CENTRAL (Cochrane library)...
June 8, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873143/sickness-absence-diagnoses-among-abstainers-low-risk-drinkers-and-at-risk-drinkers-consideration-of-the-u-shaped-association-between-alcohol-use-and-sickness-absence-in-four-cohort-studies
#9
Jenni Ervasti, Mika Kivimäki, Jenny Head, Marcel Goldberg, Guillaume Airagnes, Jaana Pentti, Tuula Oksanen, Paula Salo, Sakari Suominen, Markus Jokela, Jussi Vahtera, Marie Zins, Marianna Virtanen
AIMS: To estimate differences in the strength and shape of associations between alcohol use and diagnosis-specific sickness absence. DESIGN: A multi-cohort study. Participants (n = 47 520) responded to a survey on alcohol use at two time-points, and were linked to records of sickness absence. Diagnosis-specific sickness absence was followed for 4-7 years from the latter survey. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: From Finland, we had population cohort survey data from 1998 and 2003 and employee cohort survey data from 2000-02 and 2004...
June 5, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868681/playing-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-classical-piano-students-at-tertiary-institutions-in-malaysia-proportion-and-associated-risk-factors
#10
Chia-Ying Ling, Fung-Chiat Loo, Titi R Hamedon
Musicians are prone to performance injuries due to the nature of musical practice, and classical pianists are among the groups at high risk for playing-related musculoskeletal disorders (PRMDs). With the growing number of classical pianists in Malaysia, this study aimed to investigate the proportion of PRMDs occurring among classical piano students in tertiary institutions in Malaysia. Associations between gender, practice habits, diet, sports involvement, and PRMD were investigated. A survey was conducted among classical piano students (n=192) at tertiary institutions of Kuala Lumpur and Selangor...
June 2018: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866301/estimation-of-physical-workload-of-the-low-back-based-on-exposure-variation-analysis-during-a-full-working-day-among-male-blue-collar-workers-cross-sectional-workplace-study
#11
Markus Due Jakobsen, Emil Sundstrup, Mikkel Brandt, Roger Persson, Lars L Andersen
This study aims to quantify physical workload of the low-back using exposure variation analysis (EVA) during a full working day among blue-collar workers with manual lifting tasks. One hundred and ten male employees (39 warehouse workers, 27 operators, 24 postal workers and 20 slaughterhouse workers) with manual lifting tasks from 12 workplaces participated. The workers performed standardized box lifts using 5, 10, 20 and 30 kg before and after a working day. Muscular activity of the low-back was measured throughout the working day using surface electromyography (sEMG)...
July 2018: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861301/how-many-innings-can-we-throw-does-workload-influence-injury-risk-in-major-league-baseball-an-analysis-of-professional-starting-pitchers-between-2010-and-2015
#12
Brian M Saltzman, Benjamin C Mayo, John D Higgins, Anirudh K Gowd, Brandon C Cabarcas, Timothy S Leroux, Bryce A Basques, Gregory P Nicholson, Charles A Bush-Joseph, Anthony A Romeo, Nikhil N Verma
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing interest regarding the association between pitch counts, as well as total workload per season, and the risk of injury among Major League Baseball (MLB) starting pitchers. METHODS: We used publicly available databases to identify all MLB starting pitchers eligible for play who made at least 5 starts in seasons between 2010 and 2015. For all included pitchers, annual pitching statistics (number of starts, total season pitch counts, total season inning counts, and average pitch count per game started) and annual disabled list (DL) information (time on DL for any reason and time on DL related to upper extremity, lower extremity, or axial body injury) were collected...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861244/musculoskeletal-pain-associated-with-recreational-yoga-participation-a-prospective-cohort-study-with-1-year-follow-up
#13
Marc Campo, Mariya P Shiyko, Mary Beth Kean, Lynne Roberts, Evangelos Pappas
BACKGROUND: Yoga is a popular complementary therapy for musculoskeletal pain. There are few studies however, that have examined the risks of recreational participation for causing musculoskeletal pain. OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between musculoskeletal pain and recreational yoga participation. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study with one-year follow-up. Data were collected via electronic questionnaires, one year apart...
April 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29847420/sex-based-differences-in-common-sports-injuries
#14
Cordelia W Carter, Mary Lloyd Ireland, Anthony E Johnson, William N Levine, Scott Martin, Asheesh Bedi, Elizabeth G Matzkin
The patient's sex plays an important role in mediating the risk for, and experience of, disease. Injuries of the musculoskeletal system are no exception to this phenomenon. Increasing evidence shows that the incidence, clinical presentation, and treatment outcomes for male and female patients with common sports injuries may vary widely. Stress fracture, which is associated with the female athlete triad, is a sports injury with known sex-based differences. Other common sports-related injuries may also have distinct sex-based differences...
May 28, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29807003/do-medical-complications-impact-long-term-outcomes-in-prolonged-disorders-of-consciousness
#15
Anna Estraneo, Vincenzo Loreto, Orsola Masotta Psy, Angelo Pascarella, Luigi Trojano
OBJECTIVE: to investigate medical complications (MC) occuring within 6 months post-injury in brain-injured patients with prolonged disorders of consciousness (DoC) and to evaluate impact of MC on mortality and long-term clinical outcomes. DESIGN: prospective observational cohort study. SETTING: rehabilitation unit for acquired DoC. PARTECIPANTS: 194 patients with DoC (142 in vegetative state, 52 in minimally conscious state; traumatic etiology: 43, anoxic: 69, vascular: 82) consecutively admitted to a neurorehabilitation unit within 1-3 months after onset...
May 25, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29797239/association-of-statin-use-with-increased-risk-of-musculoskeletal-conditions-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#16
Una E Makris, Carlos A Alvarez, Eric M Mortensen, Ishak A Mansi
INTRODUCTION: Musculoskeletal conditions, including osteoarthritis (OA), result in tremendous disability and cost. Statins are among the most commonly prescribed medications and their use for primary prevention in many otherwise healthy individuals, including those who are physically active, is increasing. There is conflicting evidence regarding the relationship of statin use and musculoskeletal conditions. Given the rising disability associated with musculoskeletal conditions, understanding predisposing factors, including medication-related exposures, deserves further attention...
May 24, 2018: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793121/head-coaches-attitudes-towards-injury-prevention-and-use-of-related-methods-in-professional-basketball-a-survey
#17
J Wilke, D Niederer, L Vogt, W Banzer
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the practices and attitudes of professional basketball head coaches towards injury prevention. DESIGN: Survey. SETTING: Elite-level basketball. PARTICIPANTS: Head coaches of all 366 German professional teams. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Use of injury risk screening methods, rated importance of different musculoskeletal injuries and rated effectiveness of preventive interventions...
April 17, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788489/contribution-of-mental-and-physical-disorders-to-disability-in-military-personnel
#18
P J H Beliveau, D Boulos, M A Zamorski
Background: Combat operations in Southwest Asia have exposed millions of military personnel to risk of mental disorders and physical injuries, including traumatic brain injury (TBI). The contribution of specific disorders to disability is, however, uncertain. Aims: To estimate the contributions of mental and physical health conditions to disability in military personnel. Methods: The sample consisted of military personnel who participated in the cross-sectional 2013 Canadian Forces Mental Health Survey...
May 19, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788209/musculoskeletal-injuries-among-female-soldiers-working-with-dogs
#19
Haggai Schermann, Isabella Karakis, Ran Ankory, Assaf Kadar, Victoria Yoffe, Amir Shlaifer, Ran Yanovich
Introduction: Female soldiers serving in the Israeli Defense Forces canine unit may be at increased risk of overuse injuries related to working with military dogs. We hypothesized that this particular type of occupational exposure may lead to an increased strain of the upper extremity due to such non-physiologic motions as pulling the dog's strap or resisting the sudden pulling by the dog, and may result in an increased rate of overuse injuries. Materials and Methods: We compared incidence of overuse injuries in a retrospective cohort of female soldiers who served either in the military working dogs' unit (MWD), or in the light infantry battalions (Infantry) from 2005 to 2015...
May 18, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787934/how-not-to-interpret-a-non-causal-association-in-sports-injury-science
#20
Mette Hjerrild, Solvej Videbaek, Daniel Theisen, Laurent Malisoux, Rasmus Oestergaard Nielsen
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the interpretability of non-causal associations to sports injury development exemplified via the relationship between navicular drop (ND) and running-related injury (RRI) in novice runners using neutral shoes. DESIGN: 1-year prospective cohort study. SETTING: Denmark. PARTICIPANTS: 926 novice runners, representing 1852 feet, were included. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: The outcome was "a musculoskeletal complaint of the lower extremity or back caused by running, which restricted the amount of running for at least a week"...
May 16, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
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