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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665736/fear-avoidance-and-clinical-outcomes-from-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#1
Noah D Silverberg, William Panenka, Grant L Iverson
Characterizing psychological factors that contribute to persistent symptoms after mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) can inform early intervention. To determine whether fear avoidance, a known risk factor for chronic disability after musculoskeletal injury, is associated with worse clinical outcomes from MTBI, adults were recruited from four outpatient MTBI clinics and assessed at their first clinic visit (M=2.7, SD=1.5 weeks post-injury) and again 4-5 months later. Of 273 patients screened, 102 completed the initial assessment and 87 returned for the outcome assessment...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651902/shoulder-and-lower-back-joint-reaction-forces-in-seated-double-poling
#2
Marie Lund Ohlsson, Jonas Danvind, L Joakim Holmberg
Overuse injuries in the shoulders and lower back are hypothesized to be common in cross-country sit-skiing. Athletes with reduced trunk muscle control mainly sits with their knees higher than hips (KH). To reduce spinal flexion, a position with the knees below the hips (KL) was enabled for these athletes using a frontal trunk support. The aim of the study was to compare the shoulder joint (glenohumeral joint) and L4-L5 joint reactions between the sitting positions KL and KH. Five able-bodied female athletes performed submaximal and maximal exercise tests in the sitting positions KL and KH on a ski-ergometer...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650223/surgeons-muscle-load-during-robotic-assisted-laparoscopy-performed-with-a-regular-office-chair-and-the-preferred-of-two-ergonomic-chairs-a-pilot-study
#3
T Dalager, P T Jensen, T S Winther, T R Savarimuthu, A Markauskas, O Mogensen, K Søgaard
Surgeons work in awkward work postures and have high precision demands - well-known risk factors for musculoskeletal pain. Robotic-assisted laparoscopy is expected to be less demanding compared to conventional laparoscopy; however, studies indicate that robotic-assisted laparoscopy is also associated with poor ergonomics and musculoskeletal pain. The ergonomic condition in the robotic console is partially dependent upon the chair provided, which often is a regular office chair. Our study quantified and compared the muscular load during robotic-assisted laparoscopy using one of two custom built ergonomic chairs and a regular office chair...
April 9, 2018: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627849/patient-related-outcomes-after-proximal-tibial-fractures
#4
Daniel Wenger, Karolin Petersson, Cecilia Rogmark
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to assess patient-related outcomes at short-term follow-up in patients with a proximal tibial fracture. METHODS: One hundred sixteen patients (119 fractures) treated at our institution during 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. Follow-up was 1.6 (SD ± 0.4) years post-injury, including the short musculoskeletal function assessment and visual analog scale for pain and satisfaction. Fractures were classified by the Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Osteosynthesefragen/Orthopaedic Trauma Association classification and divided in two groups: simple and complex...
April 7, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627086/acute-and-chronic-musculoskeletal-injury-in-para-sport-a-critical-review
#5
REVIEW
Yetsa A Tuakli-Wosornu, Evgeny Mashkovskiy, Taylor Ottesen, Mark Gentry, Daniel Jensen, Nick Webborn
Sport-related injury patterns among Para athletes have been described with increasing frequency. This review summarizes musculoskeletal injuries in Para athletes. Seated Para athletes sustain upper extremity injuries more commonly; ambulant Para athletes frequently sustain lower extremity injuries. The upper extremity is the most commonly injured anatomic area in all Para athletes, unlike able-bodied athletes. Advanced age and spinal cord injury may increase the risk of upper extremity injury. Injury data for recreational and youth Para athletes are sparse...
May 2018: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623025/impact-of-powered-knee-ankle-prosthesis-on-low-back-muscle-mechanics-in-transfemoral-amputees-a-case-series
#6
Chandrasekaran Jayaraman, Shenan Hoppe-Ludwig, Susan Deems-Dluhy, Matt McGuire, Chaithanya Mummidisetty, Rachel Siegal, Aileen Naef, Brian E Lawson, Michael Goldfarb, Keith E Gordon, Arun Jayaraman
Regular use of prostheses is critical for individuals with lower limb amputations to achieve everyday mobility, maintain physical and physiological health, and achieve a better quality of life. Use of prostheses is influenced by numerous factors, with prosthetic design playing a critical role in facilitating mobility for an amputee. Thus, prostheses design can either promote biomechanically efficient or inefficient gait behavior. In addition to increased energy expenditure, inefficient gait behavior can expose prosthetic user to an increased risk of secondary musculoskeletal injuries and may eventually lead to rejection of the prosthesis...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619795/switching-between-pitch-surfaces-practical-applications-and-future-perspectives-for-soccer-training
#7
Vincenzo Rago, João R Silva, João Brito, Daniel Barreira, Magni Mohr, Peter Krustrup, António N Rebelo
Soccer training and completion is conventionally practiced on natural grass (NG) or artificial turf (AT). Recently, AT pitches for training / competition, and of unstable surfaces for injury prevention training has increased. Therefore, soccer players are frequently exposed to variations in pitch surface during either training or competition. These ground changes may impact physical and physiological responses, adaptations as well as the injury. The aim of this review was to summarize the acute physical and physiological responses, chronic adaptations, and injury risk associated with exercising on different pitch surfaces in soccer...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614742/preventing-opioid-use-disorders-among-fishing-industry-workers
#8
Angela Wangari Walter, Cesar Morocho, Lauren King, John Bartlett, Debra Kelsey, Monica DeSousa, Gretchen Biesecker, Laura Punnett
Fishing industry workers are at high risk for work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) and injuries. Prescription opioids used to treat pain injuries may put these workers at increased risk for developing substance disorders. Using a Community-Based Participatory Research approach, formative research was conducted to inform the eventual development of relevant interventions to prevent and reduce opioid use disorders among fishing industry workers. Qualitative interviews ( n = 21) were conducted to assess: knowledge and attitudes about opioid use disorders; features of fishing work that might affect use and/or access to treatment; and community and organizational capacity for prevention and treatment...
March 31, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614128/return-to-work-for-multiple-jobholders-with-a-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorder-a-population-based-matched-cohort-in-british-columbia
#9
Esther T Maas, Mieke Koehoorn, Christopher B McLeod
INTRODUCTION: Multiple jobholders (MJHs) have a higher risk of injury compared to single jobholders (SJHs), but it is unknown if return-to-work (RTW) after a work injury is affected by multiple jobholding. This study examined the association between multiple versus single jobholding and time to RTW for workers with a work-related musculoskeletal disorder (MSD). METHODS: We used administrative workers' compensation data to identify injured workers with an accepted MSD lost-time claim between 2010-2014 in British Columbia, Canada (n = 125,639 SJHs and 9,029 MJHs)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602720/musculoskeletal-training-injury-prevention-in-the-u-s-army-evolution-of-the-science-and-the-public-health-approach
#10
Bruce H Jones, Veronique D Hauschild, Michelle Canham-Chervak
Injuries cause more morbidity among soldiers in the U.S. Army than any other health condition. Over two-thirds of U.S. soldiers' injuries occur gradually from cumulative micro-traumatic damage to the musculoskeletal system as a result of physical training activities. Paradoxically, the very physical training activities required to improve soldier performance also result in injury. Determining the amounts and types of physical training that maximize performance while minimizing injuries requires scientific evidence...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597115/risk-factors-for-musculoskeletal-injury-in-elite-pre-professional-modern-dancers-a-prospective-cohort-prognostic-study
#11
Shaw Bronner, Naomi G Bauer
OBJECTIVES: To examine risk factors for injury in pre-professional modern dancers. DESIGN: With prospectively designed screening and injury surveillance, we evaluated four risk factors as categorical predictors of injury: i) hypermobility; ii) dance technique motor-control; iii) muscle tightness; iv) previous injury. Screening and injury data of 180 students enrolled in a university modern dance program were reviewed over 4-yrs of training. Dancers were divided into 3-groups based on predictor scores...
March 26, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589078/effects-of-a-cognitive-dual-task-on-variability-and-local-dynamic-stability-in-sustained-repetitive-arm-movements-using-principal-component-analysis-a-pilot-study
#12
Alessia Longo, Peter Federolf, Thomas Haid, Ruud Meulenbroek
In many daily jobs, repetitive arm movements are performed for extended periods of time under continuous cognitive demands. Even highly monotonous tasks exhibit an inherent motor variability and subtle fluctuations in movement stability. Variability and stability are different aspects of system dynamics, whose magnitude may be further affected by a cognitive load. Thus, the aim of the study was to explore and compare the effects of a cognitive dual task on the variability and local dynamic stability in a repetitive bimanual task...
March 27, 2018: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29585730/musculoskeletal-screening-tests-and-bony-hip-morphology-cannot-identify-male-professional-soccer-players-at-risk-of-groin-injuries-a-2-year-prospective-cohort-study
#13
Andrea B Mosler, Adam Weir, Andreas Serner, Rintje Agricola, Cristiano Eirale, Abdulaziz Farooq, Arnhild Bakken, Kristian Thorborg, Rod J Whiteley, Per Hölmich, Roald Bahr, Kay M Crossley
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal hip/groin screening tests are commonly performed to detect at-risk individuals. Bony hip morphology is considered a potential intrinsic risk factor but has not been examined prospectively. PURPOSE: To evaluate the association between intrinsic risk factors identified from musculoskeletal and radiographic screening tests and hip/groin injuries leading to time loss from training and/or match play in professional male soccer players. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study; Level of evidence, 2...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575177/a-longitudinal-study-of-fractures-in-1488-thoroughbred-racehorses-receiving-intrasynovial-medication-2006-2011
#14
L C R Smith, C E Wylie, L Palmer, P H L Ramzan
BACKGROUND: There is a need for investigation of associations between intrasynovial medication and fracture risk in racehorses. OBJECTIVES: To document the proportion and type of fracture occurring following intrasynovial medication. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective longitudinal study. METHODS: Review of clinical records from all Thoroughbred flat racehorses receiving intrasynovial medication under the care of a first-opinion veterinary practice between 2006-2011...
March 25, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572263/gender-differences-in-the-associations-of-body-mass-index-physical-fitness-and-tobacco-use-with-lower-extremity-musculoskeletal-injuries-among-new-us-army-soldiers
#15
Sheryl A Bedno, D Alan Nelson, Lianne M Kurina, Y Sammy Choi
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal (MSK) injuries are a leading cause of morbidity among US Army soldiers, especially among women and the newly enlisted. While extremes of body mass index (BMI), low physical fitness and tobacco use have been identified as risk factors, no prior studies have determined the combined effects of these risk factors or tested for gender differences in the associations. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study utilising the Stanford Military Data Repository to study all enlisted soldier accessions to the US Army between January 2011 and January 2014, with follow-up through December 2014 (n=238 772)...
March 23, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566102/facilitated-recruitment-of-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-by-bone-marrow-concentrate-and-platelet-rich-plasma
#16
Hannah L Holmes, Brooke Wilson, Julian P Goerger, Jesse L Silverberg, Itai Cohen, Warren R Zipfel, Lisa A Fortier
BACKGROUND: Biologics containing growth factors are frequently used to enhance healing after musculoskeletal injuries. One mechanism of action is thought to be though the ability of biologics to induce homing and migration of endogenous mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) to a target tissue. However, the ability of biologics to stimulate chemotaxis (directed migration of cells) and chemokinesis (increase rate of cell migration) of MSCs is unknown. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to directly compare the ability of biologics including platelet rich plasma (PRP) and bone marrow concentrate (BMC) to induce MSC migration...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559317/the-associations-between-training-load-and-baseline-characteristics-on-musculoskeletal-injury-and-pain-in-endurance-sport-populations-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
R Johnston, R Cahalan, M O'Keeffe, K O'Sullivan, T Comyns
OBJECTIVES: To determine the associations between training load, baseline characteristics (e.g. age or previous injury) and rate of musculoskeletal injury and/or pain specifically within an Endurance Sporting Population (ESP). DESIGN: Prospectively registered systematic review. METHODS: Eight electronic databases were searched by two independent reviewers. Studies were required to prospectively monitor both (i) training loads and (ii) musculoskeletal injury and/or pain for >3 months...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552953/extended-mortality-and-chronic-kidney-disease-after-septic-acute-kidney-injury
#18
Horng-Ruey Chua, Weng-Kin Wong, Venetia Huiling Ong, Dipika Agrawal, Anantharaman Vathsala, Hui-Ming Tay, Amartya Mukhopadhyay
PURPOSE: To evaluate 1-year mortality in patients with septic acute kidney injury (AKI) and to determine association between initial AKI recovery patterns ( reversal within 5 days, beyond 5 days but recovery, or nonrecovery) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression. METHODS: Prospective observational study, with retrospective evaluation of initial nonconsenters, of critically ill patients with septic AKI. RESULTS: We studied 207 patients (age, mean [SD]: 64 [16] years, 39% males), of which 56 (27%), 18 (9%), and 9 (4%) died in intensive care unit (ICU), post-ICU in hospital, and posthospitalization, respectively...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540968/effective-office-ergonomics-awareness-experiences-from-global-corporates
#19
Kishore P Madhwani, P K Nag
Background: Use of laptops and hand-held devices increase the risk of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). More time spent on this activity adopting faulty postures, higher the risk of developing such injuries. This study addresses training on office ergonomics with emphasis on sustainable behavior change among employees to work in safe postures, as this is a top priority in the corporate environment, today. Aim: To explore training intervention methods that ensure wider coverage of awareness on office ergonomics, thereby promoting safer working and suggesting sustainable programs for behavior change and job enrichment...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533386/sustained-and-repeated-mouth-opening-leads-to-development-of-painful-temporomandibular-disorders-involving-macrophage-microglia-activation-in-mice
#20
Guan Yun Frances Wang, Xiang Qun Shi, Wenjia Wu, Maria Gueorguieva, Mu Yang, Ji Zhang
Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is a set of heterogeneous musculoskeletal conditions involving the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and/or the masticatory muscles. Up to 33% of the population has had at least one symptom of TMD with 5-10% of them requiring treatment. Common symptoms include limited jaw movement, joint sound, and pain in the orofacial area. Once TMD becomes chronic, it can be debilitating with comorbidities that greatly reduce one's overall quality of life. However, the underlying mechanism of TMD is unclear due to the multicausative nature of the disease...
March 12, 2018: Pain
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