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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778545/a-descriptive-model-for-a-multidisciplinary-unit-for-colorectal-and-pelvic-malformations
#1
Alejandra Vilanova-Sanchez, Devin R Halleran, Carlos A Reck-Burneo, Alessandra C Gasior, Laura Weaver, Meghan Fisher, Andrea Wagner, Onnalisa Nash, Kristina Booth, Kaleigh Peters, Charae Williams, Sarah Mayer Brown, Peter Lu, Molly Fuchs, Karen Diefenbach, Jeffrey R Leonard, Geri Hewitt, Kate McCracken, Carlo Di Lorenzo, Richard J Wood, Marc A Levitt
INTRODUCTION: Patients with anorectal malformations (ARM), Hirschsprung disease (HD), and colonic motility disorders often require care from specialists across a variety of fields, including colorectal surgery, urology, gynecology, and GI motility. We sought to describe the process of creating a collaborative process for the care of these complex patients. METHODS: We developed a model of a devoted center for these conditions that includes physicians, psychologists, social workers, nurses, and advanced practice nurses...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777454/improved-outcomes-in-394-pancreatic-cancer-resections-the-impact-of-enhanced-recovery-pathway
#2
Vandana Agarwal, Martin Jose Thomas, Riddhi Joshi, Vikram Chaudhari, Manish Bhandare, Abhishek Mitra, Ashwin deSouza, Reshma Ambulkar, Shailesh V Shrikhande
BACKGROUND: Enhanced recovery (ER) pathway reduces morbidity and accelerates recovery. It is associated with reduced postoperative stay, morbidity, and costs. Feasibility and safety of ER programme has not been studied in developing countries. The objectives were to assess compliance with Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) elements and to assess outcomes in pancreatic surgery. METHODS: Prospective study conducted from February 2014 to December 2016, following elective pancreatic cancer surgery...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768524/evaluation-of-the-effect-of-dose-dependent-platelet-rich-fibrin-membrane-on-treatment-of-gingival-recession-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#3
Rana Culhaoglu, Levent Taner, Berceste Guler
Miller's class I gingival recessions (GR) have been treated using coronally advanced flap (CAF) with platelet-rich fibrin membrane (PRF membrane) or connective tissue graft (CTG). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of different multiple layers of PRF membranes for the treatment of GR compared with the CTG procedure. Sixty-three Miller class I GR were treated in this study. Twenty-one GR selected randomly were treated with two layers of PRF membranes+CAF in 2PRF+CAF (test group-1), four layers of PRF membranes+CAF in 4PRF+CAF (test group-2), and CTG+CAF in the control group...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730732/mechanisms-underlying-the-weight-loss-effects-of-rygb-and-sg-similar-yet-different
#4
REVIEW
A Pucci, R L Batterham
The worldwide obesity epidemic continues unabated, adversely impacting upon global health and economies. People with severe obesity suffer the greatest adverse health consequences with reduced life expectancy. Currently, bariatric surgery is the most effective treatment for people with severe obesity, resulting in marked sustained weight loss, improved obesity-associated comorbidities and reduced mortality. Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), the most common bariatric procedures undertaken globally, engender weight loss and metabolic improvements by mechanisms other than restriction and malabsorption...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730269/atrioesophageal-fistula-considerations-for-the-neurological-clinician
#5
Laura A Zima, Linden E Fornoff, Daniel L Surdell
Atrioesophageal fistula (AEF) is a rare complication of cardiac ablation for atrial fibrillation. It can present in many ways, but neurological signs and symptoms are common initial signs sometimes resulting in neurosurgeons and neurologists first evaluating patients with the condition. We present a case report of at 68-year-old female who presented with acute stroke symptoms and multifocal hemorrhages on MRI who was worked up through our neurosurgery department and diagnosed with AEF. This case highlights three clues to alert neurological clinicians to AEF as a possible diagnosis; clinical worsening of neurological symptoms in correlation to episodes of emesis, septic emboli on CT/MRI, and bacteremia caused by a gram positive oral or GI flora...
April 27, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713739/barium-upper-gi-series-in-adults-a-surgeon-s-perspective
#6
Daniel T Dempsey
Barium upper GI series performed by an interested and competent radiologist is still a very useful study to evaluate a variety of esophagogastric disorders. It usually provides information complementary to upper endoscopy and other foregut studies. Barium upper GI series is an important part of the diagnostic workup for gastroesophageal reflux disease, hiatal hernia, and esophageal motility disorders including achalasia. It is also an important part of the follow-up after operation for these common problems and after other operations such as resection or bariatric surgery...
April 30, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705263/previous-use-of-anti-thrombotic-agents-reduces-mortality-and-length-of-hospital-stay-in-patients-with-high-risk-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#7
Philip Dj Dunne, Stig B Laursen, Loren Laine, Harry R Dalton, Jing H Ngu, M Schultz, Adam Rahman, Andrea Anderloni, Iain A Murray, Adrian J Stanley
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Anti-thrombotic agents are risk factors for upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB). However, few studies have evaluated their effects on patient outcomes. We assessed the effects of anti-thrombotic agents on outcomes of patients with high-risk UGIB. METHODS: We performed a prospective study of 619 patients with acute UGIB (defined by hematemesis, coffee-ground vomit or melena) who required intervention and underwent endoscopy at 8 centers in North America, Asia, and Europe, from March 2014 through March 2015...
April 26, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703028/osteoporosis-and-fracture-after-gastrectomy-for-stomach-cancer-a-nationwide-claims-study
#8
Gi Hyeon Seo, Hae Yeon Kang, Eun Kyung Choe
This study was planned to evaluate the incidence and risk factors of osteoporosis and fracture after gastrectomy for stomach cancer using a nationwide claims database in South Korea.Data from 41,512 patients (50-79 years) who underwent gastrectomy for stomach cancer from 2008 to 2010 with at least 5 years of follow-up were obtained from the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service database. Patients diagnosed with osteoporosis and prescribed bisphosphonate or raloxifene or who experienced osteoporotic fractures after gastrectomy were operationally defined as osteoporosis...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697857/the-protective-effects-of-melatonin-and-glucagon-like-peptide-1-receptor-agonist-liraglutide-on-gastric-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-high-fat-sucrose-fed-rats
#9
Hanan A Mubarak, Manal M Mahmoud, Heba S Shoukry, Dina H Merzeban, Safinaz S Sayed, Laila A Rashed
Ischemia-reperfusion (I-R) injury is a serious pathology that is often encountered with thrombotic events, during surgery when blood vessels are cross-clamped, and in organs for transplantation. Increased oxidative stress is the main pathology in I-R injury, as assessed in studies on the heart, kidney, and brain with little data available on gastric I-R (GI-R). Liraglutide is a GLP-1receptor agonist that has insulinotropic and weight reducing actions, and melatonin that has much studied as a chronotropic hormone; have also studied as being antioxidative stress agents...
April 26, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696108/comparing-the-effectiveness-of-patient-control-analgesia-pump-and-bolus-morphine-in-controlling-pain-after-cardiopulmonary-bypass-graft-surgery
#10
Vali Imantalab, Ali Mirmansouri, Ali Mohammadzadeh Jouryabi, Bahram Naderi Nabi, Gholamreza Kanani, Nassir Nassiri Sheikhani, Zahra Atrkarroushan, Samaneh Ghazanfar Tehran, Nastaran Samadpour
Background: Postoperative pain is a complex process commonly caused by surgical trauma. It is one of the major concerns of patients undergoing heart surgery. Despite new techniques and modern analgesic treatments, postoperative pain is still one of the most important controversial issues. Methods: 68 patients scheduled for elective CABG with CPB were included in a prospective, double-blind clinical trial. They were randomly divided into two groups. One group received PCA pump including morphine (group P) with underlying infusion of 0...
October 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686163/-coil-embolization-for-very-small-intracranial-aneurysms-with-diameter-less-than-3mm-a-case-series-of-14-patients-and-literature-review
#11
Kazushi Maeda, Ryota Motoie, Satoshi Karashima, Ryosuke Otsuji, Nice Ren, Shintaro Nagaoka, Yoshiaki Ikai, Junji Uno, Hidefuku Gi
INTRODUCTION: Many studies describe aneurysms measuring ≤3mm as "very small" or "tiny, " with a risk of intraoperative rupture higher than that of most cerebral aneurysms. We evaluated the results of endovascular coil embolization for very small aneurysms with diameter ≤3mm. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The same interventional neurosurgeon performed coil embolization for 14 tiny aneurysms in 14 patients(8male and 6 females)at our institution between May 2015 and June 2017...
April 2018: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684805/detecting-a-rare-composite-small-bowel-lymphoma-by-magnetic-resonance-imaging-coincidentally-a-case-report-with-radiological-surgical-and-histopathological-features
#12
M Pezzella, B Brogna, A Romano, F Torelli, G Esposito, M Petrillo, F M Romano, N Di Martino, A Reginelli, R Grassi
INTRODUCTION: Diagnosing lymphoma continues to prove challenging in the clinical practice. Composite lymphoma (CL) is defined by the coexistence of different lymphoma subtypes in the same anatomical location. This condition has seldom been witnessed in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. We weren't able to find previous cases in the literature about small bowel CL with follicular lymphoma (FL) and classical Hodgkin lymphoma (CHL). Surgery is the treatment of choice to obtain accurate histology, to manage and prevent acute complications...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675417/developing-a-reliable-mouse-model-for-cancer-therapy-induced-cardiovascular-toxicity-in-cancer-patients-and-survivors
#13
Kyung Ae Ko, Yin Wang, Sivareddy Kotla, Yuka Fujii, Hang Thi Vu, Bhanu P Venkatesulu, Tamlyn N Thomas, Jan L Medina, Young Jin Gi, Megumi Hada, Jane Grande-Allen, Zarana S Patel, Sarah A Milgrom, Sunil Krishnan, Keigi Fujiwara, Jun-Ichi Abe
Background: The high incidence of cardiovascular events in cancer survivors has long been noted, but the mechanistic insights of cardiovascular toxicity of cancer treatments, especially for vessel diseases, remain unclear. It is well known that atherosclerotic plaque formation begins in the area exposed to disturbed blood flow, but the relationship between cancer therapy and disturbed flow in regulating plaque formation has not been well studied. Therefore, we had two goals for this study; (1) Generate an affordable, reliable, and reproducible mouse model to recapitulate the cancer therapy-induced cardiovascular events in cancer survivors, and (2) Establish a mouse model to investigate the interplay between disturbed flow and various cancer therapies in the process of atherosclerotic plaque formation...
2018: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672726/a-new-surgical-strategy-for-medically-uncontrolled-protein-losing-enteropathy-after-fontan-surgery
#14
Seul Gi Cha, Gi Beom Kim, Chung Noh, Woong Han Kim
Managing protein-losing enteropathy after Fontan surgery is challenging. We report a case of protein-losing enteropathy associated with Fontan circulation in a 14-year-old boy. He was treated medically for 2 years, without improvement until Fontan takedown and pulsatile bidirectional cavopulmonary shunting were performed.
April 16, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669023/the-relevance-of-vitamin-and-iron-deficiency-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-in-patients-of-the-swiss-ibd-cohort
#15
Matiar Madanchi, Stefania Fagagnini, Nicolas Fournier, Luc Biedermann, Jonas Zeitz, Edouard Battegay, Lukas Zimmerli, Stephan R Vavricka, Gerhard Rogler, Michael Scharl
Background andAims: Vitamin and iron deficiencies are common in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) as a result of chronic intestinal inflammation, increase in demand, or dietary restrictions. Here, we assessed the frequency of complications in relation to deficiency of iron, folate acid, and vitamin B12 in patients enrolled in the nationwide Swiss Inflammatory Bowel Disease Cohort Study (SIBDCS). Methods: A total of 2666 patients were included in the study, 1558 with Crohn's disease (CD) and 1108 with ulcerative colitis (UC)...
April 13, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658835/sonographic-features-of-multifocal-papillary-thyroid-carcinomas
#16
Dong Wook Kim, Gi Won Shin, Yoo Jin Lee, Soo Jin Jung, Hye Jin Baek, Taewoo Kang
OBJECTIVE: It is uncertain whether papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTCs) of the same subtype display similar sonographic features. This retrospective analysis of pre-operative sonographic and pathologic findings aimed to assess whether PTCs of the same subtype share sonographic features. METHODS: Before undergoing thyroid surgery, 137 patients underwent ultrasound (US) examination. A single radiologist used a picture archiving and communication system and pathologic reports to investigate all sonographic features of the largest and second largest PTCs...
April 2018: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658639/endoscopic-full-thickness-resection-for-gastrointestinal-submucosal-tumors
#17
REVIEW
Ming-Yan Cai, Francisco Martin Carreras-Presas, Ping-Hong Zhou
Endoscopic full-thickness resection (EFTR) is a "changing-concept" endoscopic resection technique, which safely allows resecting deep submucosal tumors (SMTs) in the gastrointestinal (GI) wall. It's a highly promising endoscopic procedure that allows full-thickness excision of a small piece of the complete GI wall by using only a flexible endoscope. EFTR is a meeting point between surgery and endoscopy and probably the onset of many prospective combined minimally invasive therapeutic techniques that science will explore...
April 2018: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644326/trans-colonic-foreign-body-penetration-of-the-retro-hepatic-vena-cava-report-of-a-case-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
Offir Ben-Ishay, Kenan Haloon, Reem Khouri, Yoram Kluger
Foreign body ingestion is common in mentally impaired adults. Fortunately, the vast majority of all swallowed objects pass through the gastrointestinal tract uneventfully. For patients in whom conservative treatment fails, early endoscopic intervention is required. Surgery is seldom indicated and reports of perforation or penetration of the GI tract are anecdotal. We present a case of a 32 years old mentally impaired patient with a trans-colonic penetration of a foreign body into the retro-hepatic vena cava...
June 2017: Trauma Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613976/similar-performance-of-trabectome-and-ahmed-glaucoma-devices-in-a-propensity-score-matched-comparison
#19
Hamed Esfandiari, Tarek Shazly, Susannah Waxman, Sushma Kola, Kevin B Kaplowitz, Eric N Brown, Nils A Loewen
PURPOSE: To apply propensity score matching to Ahmed glaucoma drainage implants (AGI) to trabectome-mediated ab interno trabeculectomy (AIT). Recent data suggests that AIT can produce results similar to AGI traditionally reserved for more severe glaucoma. METHODS: AGI and AIT patients with at least one year of follow-up were included. The primary outcome measures were intraocular pressure (IOP), glaucoma medications, and a Glaucoma Index (GI) score. GI reflected glaucoma severity based on visual field, the number of preoperative medications, and preoperative IOP...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611078/colonic-crohn-s-disease-is-associated-with-less-aggressive-disease-course-than-ileal-or-ileocolonic-disease
#20
Umang Arora, Saurabh Kedia, Prerna Garg, Sawan Bopanna, Saransh Jain, Dawesh P Yadav, Sandeep Goyal, Vipin Gupta, Peush Sahni, Sujoy Pal, Nihar Ranjan Dash, Kumble Seetharama Madhusudhan, Raju Sharma, Govind Makharia, Vineet Ahuja
BACKGROUND: The literature on disease characteristics of colonic Crohn's disease (CD) is sparse, especially from Asia, where the burden of inflammatory bowel disease is on the rise. The present study aims to describe the disease characteristics of colonic CD, and compare it with that of ileal/ileocolonic disease. METHODS: This retrospective study included adult patients of CD (diagnosed by standard criteria, follow-up duration > 6 months) on follow-up between August 2004 and January 2016...
April 2, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
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