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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742708/postoperative-outcomes-of-minimally-invasive-gastrectomy-versus-open-gastrectomy-during-the-early-introduction-of-minimally-invasive-gastrectomy-in-the-netherlands-a-population-based-cohort-study
#1
Hylke J F Brenkman, Suzanne S Gisbertz, Annelijn E Slaman, Lucas Goense, Jelle P Ruurda, Mark I van Berge Henegouwen, Richard van Hillegersberg
OBJECTIVE: To compare postoperative outcomes of minimally invasive gastrectomy (MIG) to open gastrectomy (OG) for cancer during the introduction of MIG in the Netherlands. BACKGROUND: Between 2011 and 2015, the use of MIG increased from 4% to 53% in the Netherlands. METHODS: This population-based cohort study included all patients with curable gastric adenocarcinoma that underwent gastrectomy between 2011 and 2015, registered in the Dutch Upper GI Cancer Audit...
July 24, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742692/oncologic-outcome-and-morbidity-in-the-elderly-rectal-cancer-patients-after-preoperative-chemoradiotherapy-and-total-mesorectal-excision-a-multi-institutional-and-case-matched-control-study
#2
Soo-Y Sung, Hong S Jang, Sung H Kim, Jae U Jeong, Songmi Jeong, Jin H Song, Mi J Chung, Hyeon M Cho, Hyung J Kim, Jun-Gi Kim, In K Lee, Jong H Lee
OBJECTIVE: To determine the toxicity and oncologic outcome of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) followed by curative total mesorectal excision (TME) in the elderly (≥70 yrs) and younger (<70 yrs) rectal cancer patients. BACKGROUND: Sufficient data for elderly rectal cancer patients who received definitive trimodality have not been accumulated yet. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 1232 rectal cancer patients who received neoadjuvant CRT and TME were enrolled in this study...
July 24, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740967/incidental-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-at-a-gastroscopic-polypectomy-specimen-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#3
Dursun Özgür Karakaş, Özgür Dandin, Ahmet Ziya Balta, Yavuz Özdemir, İsmail Yılmaz, İlker Sücüllü
Although gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) comprise less than 1% of all gastrointestinal (GI) tract tumors, they are the most common mesenchymal tumors of the GI tract. Gastrointestinal stromal tumors can occur anywhere along the GI tract, but the stomach and small intestine are the most frequently involved sites. Gastrointestinal stromal tumors are frequently asymptomatic, and one-third of all cases are found incidentally. Endoscopy, endoscopic ultrasonography, and computed tomography are useful tools in the diagnosis...
2017: Turk J Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736635/immunotherapy-in-gastrointestinal-cancers
#4
REVIEW
Patrick Grierson, Kian-Huat Lim, Manik Amin
Gastrointestinal (GI) cancers such as gastric, esophageal, pancreas, hepatobiliary, colorectal and anal cancers are a major cause of cancer related mortality worldwide. Traditional treatment options such as chemotherapy, surgery, radiation therapy, monoclonal antibodies and anti-angiogenic agents have been the backbone of treatment of GI cancers in various stages. Current cancer research is moving forward to incorporate immunotherapies in the treatment of GI cancers either as single agent or in combination with current available treatment modalities...
June 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734949/the-program-evaluation-committee-in-action-lessons-learned-from-a-general-surgery-residency-s-experience
#5
Shanley B Deal, Heather Seabott, Lily Chang, Adnan A Alseidi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the success of the annual program evaluation process and describe the experience of a Program Evaluation Committee for a General Surgery residency program. DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective review of the Program Evaluation Committee's meeting minutes, data inputs, and outcomes from 2014 to 2016. We identified top priorities by year, characterized supporting data, summarized the improvement plans and outcome measures, and evaluated whether the outcomes were achieved at 1 year...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725302/the-trend-of-tranexamic-use-in-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-ulcers
#6
Stefan Redeen
BACKGROUND: Bleeding ulcer is a common condition, especially among the elderly population. Tranexamic acid (TXA) has been successfully used for many bleeding conditions. Its use in patients with bleeding ulcer is inclusive yet. The aim of this study was to provide an overview of the prescription of TXA. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study was performed as a review of medical records at the Surgery Department, University Hospital in Linkoping. Patients with complete esophagogastroduodenoscopy and ulcer disease were included and divided on the basis of treatment with TXA or not...
June 2017: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721569/management-of-enterocutaneous-fistula-outcomes-in-276-patients
#7
Martha Quinn, Stuart Falconer, Ruth F McKee
OBJECTIVE: To assess the outcomes of patients with type II intestinal failure due to enterocutaneous fistulae in a tertiary referral centre over a 15 year period. Intestinal failure secondary to enterocutaneous fistula (ECF) requires multidisciplinary management at significant cost. Mortality and morbidity are high. METHODS: Patients were identified from a prospectively collected database of patients requiring inpatient parenteral nutrition (1998-2013). Data collected included: demographics, mode of admission, pathological grouping and outcome...
July 18, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718250/qing-qi-rickshaw-a-boon-or-bane-for-public-transportation-a-study-of-road-traffic-injury-patterns-involving-qing-qi-rickshaws-in-karachi-pakistan
#8
Muhammad Muzzammil, Muhammad Saeed Minhas, Jahanzeb Effendi, Syed Jahanzeb, Ayesha Mughal, Abdul Qadir
BACKGROUND: The three-wheeler Qing-qi and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) auto-rickshaws were introduced in Karachi to meet the transportation demand of the growing population. These vehicles have directly or indirectly been implicated in a number of road traffic violations as well as road accidents. This study aims to describe the crash characteristics and injury patterns for Qing-qi rickshaw occupants and other road users hit by Qing-qi rickshaw in Karachi, Pakistan. METHODS: An Observational/ Descriptive study was conducted at Accident & Emergency and Orthopaedic Surgery Department, Jinnah Post Graduate Medical Centre, Karachi Pakistan from July 2014 to June 2015...
April 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713862/metabolic-surgery-gastric-bypass-for-the-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#9
REVIEW
Maria Del Pilar Quevedo, Mariano Palermo, Edgardo Serra, Marianela A Ackermann
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is one of the largest health emergencies of the 21st century given the worldwide increase of obesity during the last decades and its close association. T2DM is an inherited, polygenic and chronic disease caused by the interaction between several genetic variants in genes and the environment. The continuous search for new and more effective tools to achieve appropriate glycemic control became imperative in order to reduce long-term complications and mortality rates related to T2DM...
2017: Translational Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713766/comparative-evaluation-of-antiplaque-efficacy-between-essential-oils-with-alcohol-based-and-chlorhexidine-with-nonalcohol-based-mouthrinses
#10
Prasad Kulkarni, Dhirendra Kumar Singh, Mohamed Jalaluddin, Arnab Mandal
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to compare the antiplaque efficacy of alcohol-based mouthwash with essential oils and nonalcohol-based chlorhexidine mouthrinse in 4 days plaque re-formation study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The current research paper is double-blinded, parallel designed clinical trial that was conducted in the Department of Periodontics and Oral Implantology, Kalinga Institute of Dental Sciences, Bhubaneswar. This included ninety dental students of Bachelor of Dental Surgery curriculum (in the age range from 20 to 24 years) Professional cleaning with scaling and polishing was carried out to acquire a zero plaque and gingival index (GI) for all ninety patients at baseline...
June 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710883/an-atypical-type-i-gastric-neuroendocrine-tumor
#11
Andrada-Viorela Gheorghe, Mihai Rimbas, Octav Ginghina, Andrada Spanu, Theodor Alexandru Voiosu
BACKGROUND: Gastric neuroendocrine tumors(GI-NETs) are rare lesions, usually discovered incidentally during endoscopy. Based on their pathology, there are 4 types of GI-NETs. Type I are multiple small polypoid lesions with central ulceration located in the gastric body or the fundus, associated with atrophic gastritis usually noninvasive and very rarely metastatic. We report on a rare case of a gastric NET arising from the muscularis propria layer of the pyloric ring. CASE REPORT: We present the case of a 65-year old woman with a history of alcoholic cirrhosis, investigated for melena...
July 14, 2017: Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine, Revue Roumaine de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706889/long-term-oncologic-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-surgery-for-splenic-flexure-colon-cancer-are-comparable-to-conventional-open-surgery
#12
Min Ki Kim, In Kyu Lee, Won-Kyung Kang, Hyeon-Min Cho, Bong-Hyeon Kye, Heba Essam Jalloun, Jun-Gi Kim
PURPOSE: Few studies about laparoscopic surgery for splenic flexure colon cancer have been published. This study aims to compare the short- and long-term outcomes of laparoscopic surgery for splenic flexure colon cancer with those of conventional open surgery. METHODS: From January 2004 to December 2010, 51 consecutive patients who underwent curative resection for stages I-III splenic flexure colon cancer were enrolled. Thirty-three patients underwent laparoscopy-assisted colectomy, while 18 patients underwent conventional open colectomy...
July 2017: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698900/simulation-based-mastery-learning-for-endoscopy-using-the-endoscopy-training-system-a-strategy-to-improve-endoscopic-skills-and-prepare-for-the-fundamentals-of-endoscopic-surgery-fes-manual-skills-exam
#13
E Matthew Ritter, Zachary A Taylor, Kathryn R Wolf, Brenton R Franklin, Sarah B Placek, James R Korndorffer, Aimee K Gardner
INTRODUCTION: The fundamentals of endoscopic surgery (FES) program has considerable validity evidence for its use in measuring the knowledge, skills, and abilities required for competency in endoscopy. Beginning in 2018, the American Board of Surgery will require all candidates to have taken and passed the written and performance exams in the FES program. Recent work has shown that the current ACGME/ABS required case volume may not be enough to ensure trainees pass the FES skills exam...
July 11, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697317/management-of-malignant-bowel-obstruction-associated-with-gi-cancers
#14
Aaron J Franke, Atif Iqbal, Jason S Starr, Rajesh M Nair, Thomas J George
For many patients with GI malignancies, the seeding of the abdominal cavity with tumor cells, called peritoneal carcinomatosis, is a common mode of metastases and disease progression. Prognosis for patients with this aspect of their disease remains poor, with high disease-related morbidity and complications. Uniform and proven practices that provide optimal palliative care and quality of life for these patients are needed. The objective of this review is to critically assess the current literature regarding palliative strategies in the management of peritoneal carcinomatosis and associated symptoms in patients with advanced GI cancers...
July 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695459/endoscopic-vacuum-therapy-evt-a-new-concept-for-complication-management-in-bariatric-surgery
#15
Fabian Schmidt, Rudolf Mennigen, Thorsten Vowinkel, Philipp A Neumann, Norbert Senninger, Daniel Palmes, Mike G Laukoetter
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is the most efficient therapy for morbid obesity. Staple line and anastomotic leakage are the most feared postoperative complications after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). Traditional treatment options like revisional surgery and endoscopic stent placement are associated with high morbidity and mortality as well as variable success rates. Endoscopic vacuum therapy (EVT) has shown to be a new successful and feasible treatment option for leaks of different etiology after major gastro-esophageal surgery...
July 10, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685389/ssat-presidential-address-2017-passion-and-the-gi-surgeon
#16
Nathaniel J Soper
Gastrointestinal (GI) surgery is a dynamic, exciting field that has dramatically evolved over the past three decades. According to a survey of leaders in GI surgery, the development of minimally invasive surgery has been the most significant advance during this period of time. The author traces his pursuit of minimally invasive surgery and its impact on his career satisfaction. Discovering one's passion within surgery and developing "flow" during operative procedures is important to help prevent burnout. Surgical educators must transmit this sense of passion to their trainees such that they can understand the true meaning of the surgical vocation...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685362/is-routine-preoperative-esophagogastroduodenscopy-screening-necessary-prior-to-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-review-of-1555-cases-and-comparison-with-current-literature
#17
Asaad Salama, Tamer Saafan, Walid El Ansari, Mohsen Karam, Moataz Bashah
BACKGROUND: Controversy exists as to whether routine preoperative esophagogastroduodenoscopy (p-OGD) in bariatric surgery should be routinely undertaken or undertaken selectively based on patients' symptoms. As very few studies have focused on the role of p-OGD prior to the increasingly common laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG), we assessed the role/impact of p-OGD in LSG patients. METHODS: Retrospective review of records of all LSG patients operated upon at Hamad General Hospital, Qatar (2011-2014, n = 1555)...
July 6, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685022/targeting-the-gut-to-treat-obesity-and-its-metabolic-consequences-view-from-the-chair
#18
K A Sharkey
The neurohumoral signaling systems of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract are considered the most significant of the peripheral inputs controlling both food intake in the short term and energy balance over a longer time course. The importance of the GI tract in the control of energy balance is underscored by the marked beneficial effects of bariatric surgeries for the treatment of obesity. Despite their effectiveness, the mechanisms of bariatric surgery remain to be fully elucidated. Considerable new evidence points to the importance of gut-brain communication, gut barrier function and microbial signaling as three of the most important mechanisms of bariatric surgery-induced weight loss...
December 2016: International Journal of Obesity Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681905/the-effects-of-distance-between-the-corneal-apex-and-the-inner-and-outer-corneal-wound-edges-on-corneal-astigmatism-after-cataract-surgery
#19
Tae Gi Kim, Sung Rae Noh, Kyung Hyun Jin
PURPOSE: To compare the effects of the distance from the inner and outer corneal incision wounds to the corneal apex on the changes in corneal astigmatism after cataract surgery. METHODS: Seventy-two eyes with anterior corneal astigmatism less than 2.50 diopters (D) were evaluated. The distance between the incision wound and the corneal apex was measured using the Pentacam (Oculus Optikgeräte, Wetzlar, Germany) Scheimpflug image and the Image J program (National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD)...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674838/metabolic-effects-of-sleeve-gastrectomy-and-laparoscopic-greater-curvature-plication-an-18-month-prospective-observational-open-label-study
#20
Marek Bužga, Zdeněk Švagera, Hana Tomášková, Karel Hauptman, Pavol Holéczy
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic greater curvature plication (LGCP) is an innovative restrictive technique designed to reduce gastric volume by plication at the region of greater curvature. The long-term efficacy, safety, and the metabolic effects of this procedure are the subject of this study. METHODS: One hundred twenty-seven patients were enrolled; 84 underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and 43, LGCP. LSG and LGCP were then compared during long-term follow-ups in terms of glycemic control, hormone and lipid secretion, and changes in body composition...
July 3, 2017: Obesity Surgery
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