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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339841/nutritive-value-and-the-maximum-inclusion-level-of-pennycress-meal-for-broiler-chickens
#1
R A Alhotan, R L Wang, R A Holser, G M Pesti
Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the nutritive value and maximum safe level (MSL) of pennycress meal (PM) for broiler chicks. In experiment 1, a total of 480 chicks was fed either mash or crumbled diets containing zero, 5, 10, or 15% PM for 18 d (8 diets; 6 replications per diet). In experiment 2, a total of 660 chicks was fed mash diets containing zero, 3, 6, 9, 12, or 15% of either PM or canola meal (CM; a comparative reference) for 14 d (11 diets; 6 replications per diet). Analytical results show that PM is a good source of protein (∼31% CP) and it is very comparable to CM (∼36% CP)...
February 23, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339834/effects-of-coccidiosis-vaccination-administered-by-in-ovo-injection-on-ross-708-broiler-performance-through-14-days-of-post-hatch-age
#2
A O Sokale, W Zhai, L M Pote, C J Williams, E D Peebles
Effects of the in ovo injection of a commercial coccidiosis vaccine on various hatching chick quality variables and 14 d post-hatch (dph) oocyst shedding have been previously examined. The current study was designed to examine the performance of Ross 708 broilers during the 14 dph period of oocyst shedding following the application of the coccidiosis vaccine. On each of 7 replicate tray levels of a single-stage incubator, a total of 4 treatment groups was randomly represented, with each treatment group containing 63 eggs...
February 22, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335568/an-electricity-price-aware-open-source-smart-socket-for-the-internet-of-energy
#3
Óscar Blanco-Novoa, Tiago M Fernández-Caramés, Paula Fraga-Lamas, Luis Castedo
The Internet of Energy (IoE) represents a novel paradigm where electrical power systems work cooperatively with smart devices to increase the visibility of energy consumption and create safer, cleaner and sustainable energy systems. The implementation of IoE services involves the use of multiple components, like embedded systems, power electronics or sensors, which are an essential part of the infrastructure dedicated to the generation and distribution energy and the one required by the final consumer. This article focuses on the latter and presents a smart socket system that collects the information about energy price and makes use of sensors and actuators to optimize home energy consumption according to the user preferences...
March 21, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333274/making-room-for-interactivity-using-the-cloud-based-audience-response-system-nearpod-to-enhance-engagement-in-lectures
#4
Stephen McClean, William Crowe
Active and collaborative learning provide distinct advantages for students in higher education, yet can often be hampered by the barrier of large class sizes. Solutions that combine a "bring your own device culture" (BOYD) with cloud-based technologies may facilitate a more interactive learning experience. In this pilot study we describe the use of one such technology, Nearpod, to enhance interactivity in lectures delivered to pharmacy and bioscience students at Ulster University. Existing material in PowerPoint or Keynote format is uploaded to the instructor area of Nearpod, interactive elements are added, and the lecture is then broadcast via the internet to student devices...
March 8, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332071/the-nutritive-value-of-marula-sclerocarya-birrea-seed-cake-for-broiler-chickens-nutritional-composition-performance-carcass-characteristics-and-oxidative-and-mycotoxin-status
#5
Doctor Mziwenkosi Nhlanhla Mthiyane, Bhekumusa Sabelo Mhlanga
This study was aimed at investigating the nutritive value of marula seed cake (MSC) as an alternative protein source for broilers. In a completely randomised design involving six replicate pens of five chickens assigned to each of five treatments, body weight gain (BWG), feed intake (FI), feed conversion efficiency (FCE) and carcass characteristics were measured in an experiment in which 150 28-day-old broilers were fed maize-based diets containing, respectively, 0, 5, 10, 15 and 20% MSC at finisher phase. The results showed MSC to be remarkably high in CP (470...
March 22, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332042/the-effect-of-wi-fi-electromagnetic-waves-in-unimodal-and-multimodal-object-recognition-tasks-in-male-rats
#6
Amin Hassanshahi, Seyed Ali Shafeie, Iman Fatemi, Elham Hassanshahi, Mohammad Allahtavakoli, Mohammad Shabani, Ali Roohbakhsh, Ali Shamsizadeh
Wireless internet (Wi-Fi) electromagnetic waves (2.45 GHz) have widespread usage almost everywhere, especially in our homes. Considering the recent reports about some hazardous effects of Wi-Fi signals on the nervous system, this study aimed to investigate the effect of 2.4 GHz Wi-Fi radiation on multisensory integration in rats. This experimental study was done on 80 male Wistar rats that were allocated into exposure and sham groups. Wi-Fi exposure to 2.4 GHz microwaves [in Service Set Identifier mode (23...
March 22, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327779/-occurrence-of-genotypes-of-porcine-circovirus-in-pig-farms-using-different-vaccination-strategies
#7
Matthias Eddicks, Florian Szikora, Nils Walhöfer, Carola Sauter Louis, Sven Reese, Elisabeth Banholzer, Gerald Reiner, Gerd Sutter, Mathias Ritzmann, Robert Fux
OBJECTIVE: Since 2004/2005 a worldwide shift of the detection rate of porcine circovirus (PCV) has been observed from PCV2a towards PCV2b. Currently commercially available vaccines are based on genotype PCV2a. The study was conducted as a pilot study to evaluate the occurrence of PCV2a and PCV2b in farms with different vaccination strategies against PCV2. MATERIAL AND METHODS: For this purpose a total of 405 piglets originating from nine farms (three farms with sow vaccination [SI], piglet vaccination [FI] and no vaccination [NI] against PCV2, respectively) were enrolled and followed from day 3 of life until slaughter...
March 22, 2017: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325885/physiological-frailty-index-pfi-quantitative-in-life-estimate-of-individual-biological-age-in-mice
#8
Marina P Antoch, Michelle Wrobel, Karen K Kuropatwinski, Ilya Gitlin, Katerina I Leonova, Ilia Toshkov, Anatoli S Gleiberman, Alan D Hutson, Olga B Chernova, Andrei V Gudkov
The development of healthspan-extending pharmaceuticals requires quantitative estimation of age-related progressive physiological decline. In humans, individual health status can be quantitatively assessed by means of a frailty index (FI), a parameter which reflects the scale of accumulation of age-related deficits. However, adaptation of this methodology to animal models is a challenging task since it includes multiple subjective parameters. Here we report a development of a quantitative non-invasive procedure to estimate biological age of an individual animal by creating physiological frailty index (PFI)...
March 19, 2017: Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324620/exposure-to-electromagnetic-fields-from-smart-utility-meters-in-gb-part-i-laboratory-measurements
#9
Azadeh Peyman, Darren Addison, Terry Mee, Cristian Goiceanu, Myron Maslanyj, Simon Mann
Laboratory measurements of electric fields have been carried out around examples of smart meter devices used in Great Britain. The aim was to quantify exposure of people to radiofrequency signals emitted from smart meter devices operating at 2.4 GHz, and then to compare this with international (ICNIRP) health-related guidelines and with exposures from other telecommunication sources such as mobile phones and Wi-Fi devices. The angular distribution of the electric fields from a sample of 39 smart meter devices was measured in a controlled laboratory environment...
March 21, 2017: Bioelectromagnetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322640/experiences-of-daily-weighing-among-successful-weight-loss-individuals-during-a-12-month-weight-loss-study
#10
Y Zheng, M A Terry, C A Danford, L J Ewing, S M Sereika, R W Goode, A Mori, L E Burke
The purpose of the study was to describe participants' experience of daily weighing and to explore factors influencing adherence to daily weighing among individuals who were successful in losing weight during a behavioral weight loss intervention. Participants completed a 12-month weight loss intervention study that included daily self-weighing using a Wi-Fi scale. Individuals were eligible to participate regardless of their frequency of self-weighing. The sample ( N = 30) was predominantly female (83.3%) and White (83...
December 1, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318873/factors-associated-with-changes-in-fruit-intake-during-young-adulthood-a-classification-and-regression-tree-analysis-of-longitudinal-data
#11
David Lohrmann, Wasantha Jayawardene, Mohammad Torabi
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether distinct participant groupings for changes in fruit intake (FI) levels between ages 23 and 31 years are identifiable based on both time-varying and time-invariant sociodemographic and behavioral variables. METHODS: Data were derived from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth-1997, US. Change in FI frequency constituted the dependent variable. For 21 variables, changes and averages in 2007-2011 were calculated. Classification and regression tree analysis was conducted using Generalized, Unbiased, Interaction Detection, and Estimation software...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303432/network-coded-cooperative-communication-in-a-real-time-wireless-hospital-sensor-network
#12
R Prakash, A Balaji Ganesh, Somu Sivabalan
The paper presents a network coded cooperative communication (NC-CC) enabled wireless hospital sensor network architecture for monitoring health as well as postural activities of a patient. A wearable device, referred as a smartband is interfaced with pulse rate, body temperature sensors and an accelerometer along with wireless protocol services, such as Bluetooth and Radio-Frequency transceiver and Wi-Fi. The energy efficiency of wearable device is improved by embedding a linear acceleration based transmission duty cycling algorithm (NC-DRDC)...
May 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302438/antipsychotic-use-and-hospitalization-among-older-assisted-living-residents-does-risk-vary-by-frailty-status
#13
Kathryn J Stock, David B Hogan, Kate Lapane, Joseph E Amuah, Suzanne L Tyas, Susan E Bronskill, Andrew M Morris, Chaim M Bell, Lianne Jeffs, Colleen J Maxwell
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between baseline frailty measures, antipsychotic use, and hospitalization over 1 year and whether hospitalization risk associated with antipsychotic use varies by frailty level. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study of 1,066 residents (mean age: 85 years; 77% women) from the Alberta Continuing Care Epidemiological Studies, trained research nurses conducted comprehensive resident assessments at baseline (2006-2007) for sociodemographic characteristics, health conditions, frailty status, behavioral problems, and all medications consumed during the past 3 days...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299421/evaluation-of-sexual-dysfunction-in-female-patients-presenting-with-faecal-incontinence-or-defecation-disorder
#14
Gianluca Pellino, Lisa Ramage, Constantinos Simillis, Oliver Warren, Christos Kontovounisios, Emile Tan, Paris Tekkis
PURPOSE: Female patients with pelvic floor diseases may suffer from several sexual disorders and sexual life impairments. The aim of this manuscript was to evaluate sexual dysfunction in female patients presenting with faecal incontinence (FI) and defecation disorder (DD). METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of a prospectively collected database of sexually active women referred to the pelvic floor clinic, who completed the Pelvic Organ Prolapse/Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire-12 (PISQ-12) at first visit...
March 15, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298706/an-assessment-of-fetal-cerebral-and-hepatic-perfusion-in-normal-pregnancy-and-pre-eclampsia-using-three-dimensional-ultrasound
#15
Susan Addley, Amanda Ali, Stephen Ong
BACKGROUND: Pre-eclampsia and placental causes of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) are part of the same spectrum of disorders. In IUGR, there is preferential shunting of blood to the fetal brain at the expense of other organs. We wanted to demonstrate that this also occurs in pre-eclampsia using three dimensional (3D) ultrasound. The 3D indices of perfusion are: flow index (FI), vascular index (VI) and vascularisation flow index (VFI) which reflect tissue vascularity and flow intensity...
January 2017: Ulster Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295988/measurement-of-plasma-cell-free-dna-concentrations-in-dogs-with-sepsis-trauma-and-neoplasia
#16
Jo-Annie Letendre, Robert Goggs
OBJECTIVES: To determine if cell-free DNA (cfDNA) was identifiable in canine plasma, to evaluate 3 techniques for the measurement of plasma cfDNA concentrations in dogs presented to an emergency service, and to compare the plasma cfDNA concentrations of healthy dogs to those with sepsis, trauma, and neoplasia. DESIGN: Retrospective study of banked canine plasma samples collected between May 2014 and December 2014. SETTING: Dogs presented to the emergency service of a university veterinary teaching hospital...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290548/atrial-structure-function-and-arrhythmogenesis-in-aged-and-frail-mice
#17
Hailey J Jansen, Motahareh Moghtadaei, Martin Mackasey, Sara A Rafferty, Oleg Bogachev, John L Sapp, Susan E Howlett, Robert A Rose
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is prevalent in aging populations; however not all individuals age at the same rate. Instead, individuals of the same chronological age can vary in health status from fit to frail. Our objective was to determine the impacts of age and frailty on atrial function and arrhythmogenesis in mice using a frailty index (FI). Aged mice were more frail and demonstrated longer lasting AF compared to young mice. Consistent with this, aged mice showed longer P wave duration and PR intervals; however, both parameters showed substantial variability suggesting differences in health status among mice of similar chronological age...
March 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287981/perpas-topology-based-single-sample-pathway-analysis-method
#18
Chengyu Liu, Rainer Lehtonen, Sampsa Hautaniemi
Identification of intracellular pathways that play key roles in cancer progression and drug resistance is a prerequisite for developing targeted cancer treatments. The era of personalized medicine calls for computational methods that can function with one sample or very small set of samples. Developing such methods is challenging because standard statistical approaches pose several limiting assumptions, such as number of samples, that prevent their application when n approaches to one. We have developed a novel pathway analysis method called Per- PAS to estimate pathway activity at a single sample level by integrating pathway topology and transcriptomics data...
March 8, 2017: IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286466/comparing-two-frailty-concepts-among-older-people-with-intellectual-disabilities
#19
Josje D Schoufour, Michael A Echteld, Heleen M Evenhuis
In general, disabilities are considered a consequence of frailty rather than a cause of frailty, whereas in people with intellectual disabilities (ID), disabilities are often lifelong, which could have consequences for the feasibility and validity of frailty instruments. To better understand frailty in people with ID, we compared two broadly used concepts: the frailty phenotype (FP) and the frailty index (FI) taking into account their feasibility (e.g., percentage of participants able to complete the frailty assessments), agreement, validity (based on 5-year mortality risk), influence of motor disability, and the relation between single frailty variables and mortality...
2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283695/restructuring-the-navigational-field-individual-predisposition-towards-field-independence-predicts-preferred-navigational-strategy
#20
Maddalena Boccia, Laura Piccardi, Adele D'Alessandro, Raffaella Nori, Cecilia Guariglia
To successfully navigate within an environment, individuals have to organize the spatial information in terms of salient landmarks, paths and general layout of the navigational environment. They may differ in the strategy they adopt to orientate themselves, with some individuals preferring to use salient landmarks (landmark spatial style, L-SS), others preferring to plan routes or paths through an egocentric strategy in which landmarks are connected with each other (route spatial style, R-SS) and others still create a global map-like configuration of the environment regardless of their own position in the environment (survey spatial style, S-SS)...
March 10, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
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