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Taylor McLinden, Erica E M Moodie, Anne-Marie Hamelin, Sam Harper, Carmine Rossi, Sharon L Walmsley, Sean B Rourke, Curtis Cooper, Marina B Klein, Joseph Cox
BACKGROUND: Severe food insecurity (FI) is common among individuals living with HIV-hepatitis C virus (HCV) co-infection. We hypothesize that the injection of opioids is partly responsible for the association between injection drug use and severe FI. Therefore, this analysis examines whether methadone maintenance treatment for opioid dependence is associated with a lower risk of severe FI. METHODS: We used biannual data from the Canadian Co-infection Cohort (N = 608, 2012-2015)...
February 20, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Erica Reynolds, Christine Johnson, Jennifer A Jamieson, Hannah Mawhinney
PURPOSE: University students may be at risk for food insecurity (FI) due to low income coupled with rising tuition, housing, and food costs. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of FI and potential correlates among students at a small, rural Canadian university. METHODS: Health Canada's 10-item household food security survey module (HFSSM) was adapted to assess food security status within the postsecondary student population. An additional 11 items measured food access and demographics...
March 15, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
Cheryl A Krause-Parello, Michele Thames, Colleen M Ray, John Kolassa
Disclosure of child sexual abuse can be a stressful experience for the child. Gaining a better understanding of how best to serve the child, while preserving the quality of their disclosure, is an ever-evolving process. The data to answer this question come from 51 children aged 4-16 (M = 9.1, SD = 3.5), who were referred to a child advocacy center in Virginia for a forensic interview (FI) following allegations of sexual abuse. A repeated measures design was conducted to examine how the presence of a service-trained facility dog (e...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
Britta Eklund, Burkard Watermann
A handheld XRF-analyzer specially calibrated for measurements of metals on plastic boat hulls has been used on leisure boats in Denmark (DK), Finland (FI), and Germany (DE). The results on tin and copper are presented as μg metal/cm2 . Tin is a proxy for the occurrence of organotin compounds on the boat. Two or three sites were visited in each country and between 25 and 90 boats were measured at each site. Every boat was measured at six to eight places, and the results are presented both as mean and median values...
March 12, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
David Bender, Jeremy R Townsend, William Vantrease, Autumn C Marshall, Ruth N Henry, Stephen Heffington, Kent D Johnson
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of acute beetroot juice (BR) administration on repeated sprint performance and isometric force production in adolescent males. Twelve male adolescents (16.8 ± 1.0 yrs; 178.8 ± 9.2 cm; 74.8 ± 12.5 kg; peak height velocity: 2.53 ± 1.2 yrs) participated in this double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover designed study. Participants consumed 2 x 70 mL of BR (~12.9 mmol NO3¯; Beet It Sport®) or a nitrate-depleted placebo (PL) 2.5 hours prior to performing isometric mid-thigh pulls (IMTP) and four repeated 20-second Wingate sprints (S1-S4) interspersed with 4 minutes of rest...
March 10, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
Julia Depa, Fiona Gyngell, Annalena Müller, Laila Eleraky, Carolin Hilzendegen, Nanette Stroebele-Benschop
The prevalence of food insecurity (FI) among food bank users in many European countries is unknown. The study aims to examine FI prevalence and associated population characteristics among this particular group of disadvantaged people in Germany. Food insecurity status was assessed among 1033 adult food bank users with a mean age of 53 years (57% female, 43% male) in Germany in 2015 using the food insecurity experience scale (FIES). About half of the participants (55.8%) were single with no children and born in Germany...
March 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
S Tasharofi, F Mohammadi, N Amiri, M N Nazem
This study carried out to investigate the effects of intra-yolk-sac injection (IYSI) of some solutions including 1 ml of distilled water, dextrose 20% and albumin 20% on hatch percentage, performance traits, jejunum morphology, glycogen content of liver and breast and serum metabolites in broilers (Ross 308). Fertile eggs were injected into the yolk sac at day 8 of incubation period. Results showed that hatchability, absolute body weight (BW), feed intake (FI) and feed conversion ratio (FCR) at day 7 and 14 of growing period were not different among treatments, but in comparison with control group, BW and FCR were numerally better by IYSI of albumin...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
Xiaojia Li, Xiutian Guo, Weiqi Jin, Jingen Lu
BACKGROUND: Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) and acupuncture are known to mitigate tissue damage. This study aimed to investigate the therapeutic effects of combined electroacupuncture (EA) stimulation and BMSC injection in a rat model of anal sphincter injury-induced faecal incontinence (FI). METHODS: 60 Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into five groups: sham-operated control, FI, FI+EA, FI+BMSC, and FI+BMSC+EA. The anorectal tissues were collected on days 1, 3, 7 and 14...
March 8, 2018: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
Sheng-Quan Fang, Min Gao, Shi-Lu Xiong, Hai-Yan Chen, Shan-Shan Hu, Hong-Bing Cai
Objective: The objective of this study is to investigate the optimal gene and functional-related gene set in cervical cancer through combing the differential expression (DE) and differential coexpression (DC) analysis. Materials and Methods: To achieve this, we first measured expression data of cervical cancer by incorporating DE and DC effects utilizing absolute t-value in t -statistic and Z -test, respectively. Then, we selected the optimal threshold pair to determine both high DE and high DC (HDE_HDC) partition on the basis of Chi-square maximization, and the best threshold pair divided all genes into four parts, including HDE_HDC, high DE and low DC (HDE_LDC), low DE and high DC (LDE_HDC), and low DE and low DC (LDE_LDC)...
January 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
Mohamed S Ayyat, Adham A Al-Sagheer, Khaled M Abd El-Latif, Bakry A Khalil
The effect of organic selenium, prebiotics, or probiotics on productive performances, blood biochemistry, and carcass characteristics of growing rabbits was studied throughout summer and winter seasons. In an 8-week feeding trial, a total of 100 New Zealand White rabbits were randomly distributed to 10 groups. Two seasons (winter and summer) and five diets fortified with 0 (control), 0.03 mg selenium, 3 g Bio-Mos®, 1 g Bactocell® (1 × 1010  CFU) or 3 g yeast/kg diet were used in 2 × 5 factorial design...
March 7, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Yan Zhang, Kai-Uwe Saum, Ben Schöttker, Bernd Holleczek, Hermann Brenner
Survival predictors are of potential use for informing on biological age and targeting prevention of aging-related morbidity. We assessed associations of 2 novel methylomic survival indicators, a methylation-based mortality risk score (MRscore) and the epigenetic clock-derived age acceleration (AA), with a well-known survival predictor, frailty index (FI), and compared the 3 indicators in mortality prediction. In a large population-based cohort with 14-year follow-up, we found both MRscore and AA to be independently associated with FI, but the association was much stronger for MRscore than for AA...
March 6, 2018: Aging
Hicaz Zencirkıran Ağuş, Oya Atamaner, Begüm Uygur, Ali Kemal Kalkan, Mehmet Ertürk
Aortic valve endocarditis can lead to the destruction or perforation of the leaflets, ring abscess, fistula, or perivalvular regurgitation; less commonly, the regurgitation itself may result in secondary damage to subaortic structures. Pseudoaneurysm of the mitral-aortic intervalvular fi brosa is a rare complication of native aortic valve endocarditis. This region is a relatively avascular area and is prone to endocarditis infection and subsequent aneurysm formation. Herein, the case of a 33-year-old man who was diagnosed with bicuspid aortic valve endocarditis complicated by a pseudoaneurysm, an aneurysm, and aortic valve rupture is described...
March 2018: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
Aline C C Tritto, Mariane T Amano, Maria E De Cillo, Vinicius A Oliveira, Sandro H Mendes, Caroline Yoshioka, Hamilton Roschel, Niels Olsen S Camara, Bruno Gualano, Guilherme G Artioli
The role of plasma glutamine concentration and glutamine supplementation on immunosuppression was investigated in combat athletes. Twenty-three male athletes were randomly assigned to receive glutamine (21 g/day, n=12) or placebo (ovalbumin, n=11) for 10 days. Six athletes who did not lose weight served as controls. Athletes were assessed 21 days before (-21d), 1 day before (-1d) and 5 days after (+5d) a competition. Weight reduction was similar between glutamine (-8.2%± 4.1%) and placebo (-8.5%±2.4%) and negligible in control (-0...
February 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Takuma Oide, Toru Abe, Takuo Suganuma
As smartphones and other small portable devices become more sophisticated and popular, opportunities for communication and information sharing among such device users have increased. In particular, since it is known that infrastructure-less device-to-device (D2D) communication platforms consisting only of such devices are excellent in terms of, for example, bandwidth efficiency, efforts are being made to merge their information sharing capabilities with conventional infrastructure. However, efficient multi-hop communication is difficult with the D2D communication protocol, and many conventional D2D communication platforms require modifications of the protocol and terminal operating systems (OSs)...
March 4, 2018: Sensors
Fouad Affane, Sabrine Louala, Nour El Imane Harrat, Fatima Bensalah, Hadjera Chekkal, Amine Allaoui, Myriem Lamri-Senhadji
AIMS: Fish by-products valorization on account of their richness in bioactive compounds may represent a better alternative to marine products with a view to economic profitability and sustainable development. In this study, we compared the effect of sardine by-product proteins (SBy-P), with those of the fillets (SF-P) or casein (Cas), on growth parameters, serum leptin level, lipids disorders, lipid peroxidation and reverse cholesterol transport, in diet-induced obese rats. MAIN METHODS: Obesity was induced by feeding rats a high-fat diet (20% sheep fat), during 12 weeks...
March 2, 2018: Life Sciences
Maurizio Gallucci, Cinzia Piovesan, Maria Elena Di Battista
BACKGROUND: Frailty is a condition which is characterized by a reduction in the homeostatic reserves of the individual and which entails an increased vulnerability to stressful endogenous and exogenous agents. The Frailty Index (FI), proposed by Rockwood, was designed following an accumulation of deficits model: the greater the number of deficits in a given individual, the greater the degree of frailty. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to verify the existence of associations between FI and cerebral atrophy...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Alvise Berti, Divi Cornec, Jose R Medina Inojosa, Eric L Matteson, M Hassan Murad
BACKGROUND: To better communicate the results of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of giant cell arteritis (GCA), we propose the use of the fragility index (FI), which is an intuitive measure defined as the minimum number of subjects whose status would have to change (e.g., from having the outcome to not) to render a statistically significant result nonsignificant, or vice-versa. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and random-effects meta-analysis of RCTs of glucocorticoid (GC) sparing strategies for relapse-free maintenance in GCA, and used the FI to simplify the presentation of results...
January 6, 2018: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
Yan Wang, Xin Li, Jiaheng Zou
With the development of related applications, indoor positioning techniques have been more and more widely developed. Based on Wi-Fi, Bluetooth low energy (BLE) and geomagnetism, indoor positioning techniques often rely on the physical location of fingerprint information. The focus and difficulty of establishing the fingerprint database are in obtaining a relatively accurate physical location with as little given information as possible. This paper presents a foot-mounted inertial measurement unit (IMU) positioning algorithm under the loop closure constraint based on magnetic information...
March 1, 2018: Sensors
Berislav Topić, Tarik Mašić, Svjetlana Radović, Ivor Lincender, Edin Muhić
Oral melanoma (OM) occurs from activated or genetically altered epidermal melanocytes. There is no scientific evidence that OM can be linked to physical, chemical and thermal irritation, or to other risk factors of the oral cavity. According to fi gures from various countries, OM accounts for 0.2% to 7.5% ( Japan) of all cases of melanoma of the skin and mucous membrane. The male to female ratio of OM is 2:1. About 80% of OMs are located in the mucosa of the palate and maxillary gingiva. This paper presents two cases of oral mucosal melanoma of the upper and lower lips in women aged 62 and 59 years...
June 2017: Acta Clinica Croatica
Corey H Basch, Danna Ethan, Michael LeBlanc, Charles E Basch
Excessive alcohol consumption compromises health and increases risk of mortality. Advertisements for alcohol in city environments have been shown to influence consumption. The aim of this pilot study was to estimate the prevalence of alcohol advertisements displayed on LinkNYC kiosks, a new communication channel that provides outdoor Wi-Fi access and advertising on streets within urban environments. Direct observations were conducted to document advertisements on a 20% random sample of the 500 LinkNYC kiosks in Manhattan, NYC...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Community Health
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