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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811758/pathological-interrelations-of-soil-borne-diseases-in-cucurbits-caused-by-fusarium-species-and-meloidogyne-incognita
#1
Yunhee Seo, Young Ho Kim
Pathological interrelations of two soil-borne diseases in cucurbits (watermelon, oriental melon, shintosa and cucumber) caused by Fusarium isolates (FI) and the root-knot nematode (RKN), Meloidogyne incognita were characterized by the fusarium disease severity index (DI), RKN gall index (GI) and eggmass index (EI) in inoculation tests using FI and RKN. Virulence of FI as determined by DI at 4 weeks after inoculation was mostly in the higher order of Fusarium proliferatum F6, F5 and Fusarium oxysporum f. sp...
August 2017: Plant Pathology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807684/influence-of-velotron-chainring-size-on-wingate-anaerobic-test
#2
Nicolas W Clark, Dale R Wagner, Edward M Heath
OBJECTIVES: This study compared an 85-tooth versus the standard 62-tooth chainring for power outputs during a Wingate test using a Velotron electromagnetically-braked cycle ergometer. DESIGN: All participants completed trials using both chainring sizes in a repeated-measures cross-over design. METHODS: Resistance-trained male participants (n=20, 24.6±4.5years) performed two Wingate tests separated by at least 48h. Peak power (PP), mean power (MP), fatigue index (FI), peak cadence, mean cadence, and total work (TW) were recorded...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805188/managing-faecal-incontinence-in-people-with-advanced-dementia-resident-in-care-homes-finch-study-a-realist-synthesis-of-the-evidence
#3
Claire Goodman, Christine Norton, Marina Buswell, Bridget Russell, Danielle Harari, Rowan Harwood, Brenda Roe, Jo Rycroft-Malone, Vari M Drennan, Mandy Fader, Michelle Maden, Karen Cummings, Frances Bunn
BACKGROUND: Eighty per cent of care home residents in the UK are living with dementia. The prevalence of faecal incontinence (FI) in care homes is estimated to range from 30% to 50%. There is limited evidence of what is effective in the reduction and management of FI in care homes. OBJECTIVE: To provide a theory-driven explanation of the effectiveness of programmes that aim to improve FI in people with advanced dementia in care homes. DESIGN: A realist synthesis...
August 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805076/assessing-serum-metabolite-profiles-as-predictors-for-feed-efficiency-in-broiler-chickens-reared-at-geographically-distant-locations
#4
B U Metzler-Zebeli, E Magowan, M Hollmann, M E E Ball, A Molnár, P G Lawlor, R J Hawken, N E O'Connell, Q Zebeli
1. The objective of this study was to investigate differences in growth performance, serum intermediary metabolites, acute-phase-proteins and white blood cells in low, medium and high residual feed intake (RFI) chickens. It was also assessed if the environment affects the FE and FE-related performance and serum profiles of chickens. Individual BW and feed intake (FI) were recorded from d 7 of life. At 5 weeks of age, female and male broiler chickens (Cobb 500) were selected according to their RFI (L1: Austria; L2: UK; n = 9/RFI group, sex and location) and blood samples were collected...
August 14, 2017: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802325/snomed2hl7-a-tool-to-normalize-and-bind-snomed-ct-concepts-to-the-hl7-reference-information-model
#5
D Perez-Rey, R Alonso-Calvo, S Paraiso-Medina, C R Munteanu, M Garcia-Remesal
BACKGROUND: Current clinical research and practice requires interoperability among systems in a complex and highly dynamic domain. There has been a significant effort in recent years to develop integrative common data models and domain terminologies. Such efforts have not completely solved the challenges associated with clinical data that are distributed among different and heterogeneous institutions with different systems to encode the information. Currently, when providing homogeneous interfaces to exploit clinical data, certain transformations still involve manual and time-consuming processes that could be automated...
October 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800151/cost-comparison-of-prediction-based-decision-making-for-periodontally-affected-molars
#6
Falk Schwendicke, Michael Stolpe, Christian Graetz
AIM: Tooth loss prediction could improve decision-making for periodontally-affected molars. We analyzed the costs of removing all, none or only those molars predicted to be at-risk for extraction during supportive periodontal therapy (SPT). METHODS: This is a model-based study using a German private-payer-perspective. Building mainly on cost and effectiveness data from 2039 molars (301 patients) which received long-term SPT, five (exemplary) prediction/decision strategies were compared: Retaining all molars, removing molars with furcation-involvement (FI) ≥I/≥II/III, or removing all molars...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794038/in-vitro-enhancement-of-rsv-infection-by-maternal-antibodies-does-not-explain-disease-severity-in-infants
#7
Elisabeth A van Erp, Puck B van Kasteren, Teun Guichelaar, Inge M L Ahout, Cornelis A M de Haan, Willem Luytjes, Gerben Ferwerda, Oliver Wicht
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the leading cause of severe respiratory illness in infants. At this young age, infants typically depend on maternally transferred antibodies (matAbs) and their innate immune system for protection against infections. RSV-specific matAbs are thought to protect from severe illness, yet severe RSV disease occurs mainly below 6 months of age, when neutralizing matAb levels are present. To investigate this discrepancy, we asked if disease severity is related to antibody properties other than neutralization...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791976/a-prospective-randomized-double-blind-clinical-trial-of-one-nano-hybrid-and-one-high-viscosity-bulk-fill-composite-restorative-systems-in-class-ii-cavities-12-months-results
#8
H Colak, U Tokay, R Uzgur, M M Hamidi, E Ercan
BACKGROUND: Recently, manufacturers have introduced bulk-fill composite resins that reportedly can be placed in increments of 4 mm or greater. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article was to report the results of 12 months prospective randomized clinical trial that evaluated the clinical performance of one high-viscosity bulk-fill composite resin in Class II cavities of posterior teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-four participantshad at least two Class II cavities included the study...
July 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790920/effect-of-cognitive-style-on-learning-and-retrieval-of-navigational-environments
#9
Maddalena Boccia, Francesca Vecchione, Laura Piccardi, Cecilia Guariglia
Field independence (FI) has been found to correlate with a wide range of cognitive processes requiring cognitive restructuring. Cognitive restructuring, that is going beyond the information given by the setting, is pivotal in creating stable mental representations of the environment, the so-called "cognitive maps," and it affects visuo-spatial abilities underpinning environmental navigation. Here we evaluated whether FI, by fostering cognitive restructuring of environmental cues on the basis of an internal frame of reference, affects the learning and retrieval of a novel environment...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782264/anal-sphincter-defects-and-faecal-incontinence-15-24-years-after-first-delivery-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Rodrigo A Guzmán Rojas, Kjell Å Salvesen, Ingrid Volløyhaug
OBJECTIVES: To establish the prevalence of external (EAS) and internal anal sphincter (IAS) defects 15-24 years after childbirth in association to mode of delivery and faecal incontinence (FI), and compare the proportion of obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS) reported at delivery with defects on ultrasound. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study including 563 women, who delivered their first child from 1990-97. Women responded to a validated questionnaire (PFDI) in 2013-14...
August 6, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781931/influence-of-gender-on-muscle-fatigue-during-dynamic-knee-contractions
#11
Chiharu Fujisawa, Akira Tamaki, Eiji Yamada, Hirofumi Matsuoka
PURPOSE: The purpose was to compare quadriceps muscle fatigue and change in surface electromyogram (sEMG) spectral power, muscle thickness, and peak torque (normalized by body weight) in men and women during isokinetic knee contractions. METHODS: Nineteen healthy volunteers (10 men, 9 women) participated. The volunteers performed 32 consecutive maximal isokinetic knee contractions for peak torque and muscle fatigue index (FI). The sEMG data were analyzed using wavelet analysis for median frequency (MF)...
2017: Physical Therapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777300/a-visual-based-approach-for-indoor-radio-map-construction-using-smartphones
#12
Tao Liu, Xing Zhang, Qingquan Li, Zhixiang Fang
Localization of users in indoor spaces is a common issue in many applications. Among various technologies, a Wi-Fi fingerprinting based localization solution has attracted much attention, since it can be easily deployed using the existing off-the-shelf mobile devices and wireless networks. However, the collection of the Wi-Fi radio map is quite labor-intensive, which limits its potential for large-scale application. In this paper, a visual-based approach is proposed for the construction of a radio map in anonymous indoor environments...
August 4, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776520/a-neglected-infection-in-literature-childhood-musculoskeletal-tuberculosis-a-bibliometric-analysis-of-the-most-influential-papers
#13
REVIEW
Michael Held, Marie-Fien Bruins, Sophie Castelein, Maritz Laubscher, Robert Dunn, Sven Hoppe
Pediatric tuberculosis (TB) is known to have a wide range of presentations, and if left untreated, primary TB may lead to bone and joint involvement. The literature on this topic is very scarce, and no comprehensive systematic review or meta-analysis of the current knowledge is available to date. The aim of this study is to identify and analyze the literature with highest impact based on citation rate analysis. All databases of the Thomson and Reuters "Web of Knowledge" were used to conduct our search of the 100 most cited articles on this topic published between 1950 and 2014...
July 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770629/ipragliflozin-a-sodium-glucose-co-transporter-2-inhibitor-reduces-intrahepatic-lipid-content-and-abdominal-visceral-fat-volume-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#14
Akio Ohta, Hiroyuki Kato, Satoshi Ishii, Yosuke Sasaki, Yuta Nakamura, Tomoko Nakagawa, Yoshio Nagai, Yasushi Tanaka
OBJECTIVE: We recently investigated the effect of ipragliflozin, a sodium glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitor (SGLT-2I), in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes by a 24-week. SGLT-2Is also have an anti-obesity effect, and reduction of body fat has been demonstrated by indirect methods. However, evaluation of the effect on the total visceral fat volume and intrahepatic lipid content has not been performed. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We measured the abdominal subcutaneous fat volume (SFV) and visceral fat volume (VFV) by whole abdominal CT scanning, the intrahepatic lipid (IHL) content by proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS), and the fat mass index (FI) and appendicular skeletal mass index (ASMI) by dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in 20 patients from our previous study...
August 3, 2017: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769103/flower-like-internal-emission-distribution-of-leds-with-monolithic-integration-of-ingan-based-quantum-wells-emitting-narrow-blue-green-and-red-spectra
#15
Kwanjae Lee, Ilgyu Choi, Cheul-Ro Lee, Tae-Hoon Chung, Yoon Seok Kim, Kwang-Un Jeong, Dong Chul Chung, Jin Soo Kim
We report a phosphor-free white light-emitting diodes (LED) realized by the monolithic integration of In0.18Ga0.82N/GaN (438 nm, blue), In0.26Ga0.74N/GaN (513 nm, green), and In0.45Ga0.55N/In0.13Ga0.87N (602 nm, red) quantum wells (QWs) as an active medium. The QWs corresponding to blue and green light were grown using a conventional growth mode. For the red spectral emission, five-stacked In0.45Ga0.55N/In0.13Ga0.87N QWs were realized by the so-called Ga-flow-interruption (Ga-FI) technique, wherein the Ga supply was periodically interrupted during the deposition of In0...
August 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766146/chemical-properties-of-dissolved-organic-matter-derived-from-sugarcane-rind-and-the-impacts-on-copper-adsorption-onto-red-soil
#16
Sihai Hu, Yaoguo Wu, Na Yi, Shuai Zhang, Yuanjing Zhang, Xu Xin
Dissolved organic matter (DOM), as the most active organic carbon in the soil, has a coherent affinity with heavy metals from inherent and exogenous sources. Although the important roles of DOM in the adsorption of heavy metals in soil have previously been demonstrated, the heterogeneity and variability of the chemical constitution of DOM impede the investigation of its effects on heavy metal adsorption onto soil under natural conditions. Fresh DOM (FDOM) and degraded DOM (DDOM) from sugarcane rind were prepared, and their chemical properties were measured by Fourier-transform infrared spectrometry (FTIR), excitation-emission matrix (EEM) fluorescence spectroscopes, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), and molecular weight distribution (MWD)...
August 1, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765702/predictors-of-esophageal-varices-and-first-variceal-bleeding-in-liver-cirrhosis-patients
#17
Bledar Kraja, Iris Mone, Ilir Akshija, Adea Koçollari, Skerdi Prifti, Genc Burazeri
AIM: To assess "predictors" of esophageal varices (EV) and variceal bleeding using non-invasive markers in Albanian patients diagnosed with liver cirrhosis. METHODS: One hundred thirty-nine newly diagnosed cirrhotic patients without variceal bleeding were included in this analysis. Model for end-stage liver disease (MELD), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) to alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ratio (AST/ALT), AST to platelet ratio index (APRI), platelet count to spleen diameter (PC/SD), fibrosis-4-index (FIB-4), fibrosis index (FI) and King's Score were measured for all participants...
July 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764937/distinctive-changes-of-l-type-calcium-channels-and-dopamine-receptors-in-the-dorsomedial-and-dorsolateral-striatum-after-the-expression-of-habitual-cocaine-seeking-behaviour-in-rats
#18
Fang Shen, Shubo Jin, Ying Duan, Jing Liang, Meng Zhang, Fengze Jiang, Nan Sui
Habitual drug-seeking behaviour is essential in the transition from recreational drug use to compulsive drug use and is regulated by the dopamine (DA) system of the dorsal striatum (DS). However, a comparative study of the two subtypes of DA receptors, D1 receptors (D1R) and D2 receptors (D2R), which have opposite regulatory functions, in habitual drug-seeking behaviour is absent. Moreover, the effects of L-type calcium channels (LTCCs) and the subtypes Cav1.2 and Cav1.3, which are downstream of D1R and D2R, respectively, on habitual drug-seeking behaviour have yet to be revealed...
July 29, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763566/metabolites-and-microbial-composition-of-stool-of-women-with-fecal-incontinence-study-design-and-methods
#19
Lily A Arya, Holly E Richter, Eric Jelovsek, Marie Gantz, Sara Cichowski, Halina Zyczynski, Keisha Dyer, Nazema Siddiqui, Cassandra Carberry, Corey Broeckling, Casey Morrow, Purna Kashyap, Susie Meikle
AIMS: This paper aims to report the rationale, design, and the specific methodology of an ongoing nested observational study that will determine the association of the metabolite and microbial composition of stool with fecal incontinence (FI). METHODS: Eligible cases are participants with FI enrolled in the Controlling Anal Incontinence in women by Performing Anal Exercises with Biofeedback or Loperamide (CAPABLe) trial, a Pelvic Floor Disorders Network trial across eight clinical centers in the United States...
August 1, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762377/fecal-incontinence-is-associated-with-mortality-among-older-adults-with-complex-needs-an-observational-cohort-study
#20
Hamish A Jamieson, Philip J Schluter, Juno Pyun, Ted Arnold, Richard Scrase, Rebecca Nisbet-Abey, Vincent Mor, Joanne M Deely, Len Gray
OBJECTIVES: Fecal incontinence (FI) is a problem in growing older populations. Validating a suspected association between FI and mortality in community dwelling older adults could lead to improved planning for and management of the increasing complex older population. In a large cohort of New Zealand older adults, we assessed the prevalence of FI, urinary incontinence (UI), combined FI and UI, and their associations with mortality. METHODS: This study consisted of a retrospective analysis of international standardized geriatric assessment-home care (InterRAI-HC) data from community-dwelling adults aged 65 years or older, who met the criteria required for the InterRAI-HC, having complex needs and being under consideration for residential care...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
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