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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914121/evidence-based-recommendations-to-improve-reproductive-healthcare-for-incarcerated-women
#1
Andrea Knittel, Angeline Ti, Sarah Schear, Megan Comfort
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to describe standards for evidence-based reproductive healthcare for incarcerated women. Design/methodology/approach The literature on reproductive healthcare in the US criminal justice system and recommendations from professional organizations were reviewed and critical areas of concern were identified. Within these areas, studies and expert opinion were synthesized and policy recommendations were formulated through an iterative process of group discussion and document revision...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913137/intra-cesarean-insertion-and-fixation-of-frameless-intrauterine-devices
#2
REVIEW
Ateş Karateke, Abdulkadir Turgut, Özkan Özdamar, Dirk Wildemeersch
Various contraceptive methods are available to postpartum women including hormonal and nonhormonal barriers, as well as injectable forms. Of all the available birth control methods, intrauterine devices (IUD) are felt by many to be the near-ideal form of contraception, and are recommended by advocacy groups, physicians, and gynecological organizations worldwide. Immediate postpartum IUD insertion deserves greater attention because it can provide immediate contraception, prevents repeat unintended pregnancies, and may serve to reduce the incidence or need for secondary cesarean delivery; however, insertion of conventional T-shape IUDs immediately post placenta delivery is limited by their high expulsion and displacement rates...
March 2017: Turk J Obstet Gynecol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887052/comparing-long-acting-reversible-contraception-insertion-rates-in-women-with-medicaid-vs-private-insurance-in-a-clinic-with-a-two-visit-protocol
#3
Tara M Higgins, Anne K Dougherty, Gary J Badger, Sarah H Heil
OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether women with Medicaid are less likely to receive long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) in a clinic requiring two visits for insertion. STUDY DESIGN: LARC insertion and pregnancy rates were compared among women with Medicaid vs. private insurance, along with other predictors, in a retrospective chart review (N=447). RESULTS: Univariately, fewer women with Medicaid vs. private insurance received LARC (66% vs...
September 5, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885429/long-acting-reversible-contraception-initiation-with-a-2-to-3-week-compared-with-a-6-week-postpartum-visit
#4
Melissa J Chen, Melody Y Hou, Jennifer K Hsia, Catherine D Cansino, Juliana Melo, Mitchell D Creinin
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether a department policy changing the scheduling of the postpartum visit from 6 weeks to 2-3 weeks after delivery is associated with higher long-acting reversible contraception initiation at the postpartum visit. METHODS: We conducted a quasiexperimental before-after study to evaluate long-acting reversible contraception initiation, specifically an intrauterine device or contraceptive implant, at the postpartum visit between women scheduled for follow-up at 6 weeks (before policy change) and 2-3 weeks after delivery (after policy change)...
September 5, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885401/inpatient-postpartum-long-acting-reversible-contraception-care-that-promotes-reproductive-justice
#5
Michelle H Moniz, Kayte Spector-Bagdady, Michele Heisler, Lisa Hope Harris
Inpatient insertion of long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARC) (intrauterine devices and implants) is increasingly offered to women immediately after childbirth. Enthusiasm for this approach stems from robust safety, effectiveness, and cost-effectiveness data and responsiveness to women's needs and preferences. Although clinical evidence for immediate postpartum LARC is well-established, the ethical implications of enhancing access to this care have not been fully considered. Contraceptive policies and practices often embody a tension between fostering liberal availability and potentially coercive promotion of some methods...
September 5, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881464/immediate-postpartum-contraception-a-survey-needs-assessment-of-a-national-sample-of-midwives
#6
Michelle H Moniz, Lee Roosevelt, Halley P Crissman, Emily K Kobernik, Vanessa K Dalton, Michele H Heisler, Lisa Kane Low
INTRODUCTION: Immediate postpartum long-acting, reversible contraception (LARC)-providing intrauterine devices (IUDs) and contraceptive implants immediately following birth-is an effective strategy to prevent unintended pregnancies and improve birth spacing. We measured US certified nurse-midwives' (CNMs') and certified midwives' (CMs') knowledge, training needs, current practice, and perceived barriers to providing immediate postpartum LARC. METHODS: We invited currently practicing CNM and CM members of the American College of Nurse-Midwives to complete an online survey about their knowledge and experience with the use of LARC and analyzed eligible questionnaires using descriptive statistics...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879019/contraception-and-fertility-transition-in-amhara-national-regional-state-of-ethiopia-an-application-of-bongaarts-model
#7
Nega Mihret Alazbih, Getachew Nibret Tewabe, Tariku Dejene Demissie
BACKGROUND: The overall decline of fertility in Amhara National Regional State between 2000 and 2011 was the highest in Ethiopia. The aim of the present study was to determine the most significant proximate determinant of fertility change during the last decade in the region using Bongaarts' model. METHODS: The sources of data were the 2000, 2005, and 2011 Ethiopia Demographic and Health Surveys. The model indices were calculated for each survey. Decomposition of fertility change into components of proximal determinants was also carried out...
2017: Fertility Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867882/visibility-of-strings-after-postplacental-intracesarean-insertion-of-cut380a-and-cu375-intrauterine-contraceptive-device-a-randomized-comparative-study
#8
Kavita Agarwal, Rupali Dewan, Pratima Mittal, Abha Aggarwal
OBJECTIVES: To compare the incidence of visible strings after postplacental intracesarean insertion of Cu375 and CuT380A intrauterine contraceptive devices (IUD). METHODS: This was a prospective, randomized comparative study. A total of 100 women fulfilling the inclusion and exclusion criteria underwent postplacental intracesarean insertion of either Cu375 IUD or CuT380A IUD. Women were followed up at 1, 6 weeks and 3 months after IUD insertion and were questioned about IUD expulsion or removal at each visit...
October 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867443/association-of-hormonal-contraception-with-depression-in-the-postpartum-period
#9
Timothy A Roberts, Shana Hansen
OBJECTIVES: Studies have demonstrated an association between hormonal contraception use with subsequent depression and antidepressant use. This association has not been assessed among postpartum women. STUDY DESIGN: This study is a secondary analysis of insurance records from 75,528 postpartum women enrolled in the US military medical system, who delivered between October 2012 and September 2014. Our analyses excluded women who used antidepressants or had a diagnosis of depression in the 24months prior to delivery...
September 1, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856864/pregnancy-outcomes-in-patients-with-uterine-fibroids-treated-with-ultrasound-guided-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound
#10
M Zou, L Chen, C Wu, C Hu, Y Xiong
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) ablation for uterine fibroids on pregnancy. DESIGN: A retrospective observational study. SETTING: Department of Gynaecology in a single centre in China. POPULATION: Patients with uterine fibroids who wish to become pregnant. METHODS: Patients with uterine fibroids who wished become pregnant and have children, were treated using HIFU from April 2011 to March 2016 at Chongqing Haifu Hospital...
August 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844877/postpartum-care-and-contraception-provided-to-women-with-gestational-and-preconception-diabetes-in-california-s-medicaid-program
#11
Eleanor Bimla Schwarz, Monica Y Braughton, Julie Cross Riedel, Susannah Cohen, Julia Logan, Mike Howell, Heike Thiel de Bocanegra
OBJECTIVES: To compare rates of postpartum care and contraception provided to women with gestational or preconception diabetes mellitus to women with no known diabetes mellitus. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of 199,860 women aged 15-44 years who were continuously enrolled in California's Medicaid program, Medi-Cal, from 43 days prior to 99 days after delivering in 2012. Claims for postpartum clinic visits and contraceptive supplies were compared for 11,494 mothers with preconception diabetes, 17,970 mothers with gestational diabetes, and 170,396 mothers without diabetes...
August 24, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844825/patient-navigation-across-the-spectrum-of-women-s-health-care-in-the-united-states
#12
REVIEW
Kathryn M McKenney, Noelle G Martinez, Lynn M Yee
Patient navigation is a patient-centered intervention that uses trained personnel to identify patient-level barriers, including financial, cultural, logistical, and educational obstacles to health care and then mitigate these barriers to facilitate complete and timely access to health services. For example, to assist a Medicaid patient seeking postpartum care, a patient navigator could help her schedule an appointment before her insurance benefits change, coordinate transportation and child care, give her informational pamphlets on contraception options, and accompany her to the appointment to ensure her questions are answered...
August 24, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842126/immediate-postpartum-levonorgestrel-intrauterine-device-insertion-and-breast-feeding-outcomes-a-noninferiority-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
David K Turok, Lawrence Leeman, Jessica N Sanders, Lauren Thaxton, Jennifer L Eggebroten, Nicole Yonke, Holly Bullock, Rameet Singh, Lori M Gawron, Eve Espey
BACKGROUND: Immediate postpartum levonorgestrel intrauterine device insertion is increasing in frequency in the United States, but few studies have investigated the effect of early placement on breast-feeding outcomes. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effect of immediate vs delayed postpartum levonorgestrel intrauterine device insertion on breast-feeding outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted this noninferiority randomized controlled trial at the University of Utah and the University of New Mexico Health Sciences Centers from February 2014 through March 2016...
August 23, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829720/optimizing-prevention-of-hiv-and-unplanned-pregnancy-in-discordant-african-couples
#14
Kristin M Wall, William Kilembe, Bellington Vwalika, Lisa B Haddad, Naw Htee Khu, Ilene Brill, Udodirim Onwubiko, Elwyn Chomba, Amanda Tichacek, Susan Allen
BACKGROUND: Dual method use, which combines condoms with a more effective modern contraceptive to optimize prevention of HIV and unplanned pregnancy, is underutilized in high-risk heterosexual couples. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Heterosexual HIV-discordant Zambian couples were enrolled from couples' voluntary HIV counseling and testing services into an open cohort with 3-monthly follow-up (1994-2012). Relative to dual method use, defined as consistent condom use plus modern contraception, we examine predictors of (1) condom-only use (suboptimal pregnancy prevention) or (2) modern contraceptive use with inconsistent condom use (effective pregnancy prevention and suboptimal HIV prevention)...
August 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826801/postplacental-intrauterine-device-expulsion-by-12-weeks-a%C3%A2-prospective-cohort-study
#15
Lisa M Goldthwaite, Jeanelle Sheeder, Jennifer Hyer, Kristina Tocce, Stephanie B Teal
BACKGROUND: An intrauterine device placed immediately following a delivery can serve as an effective and safe contraceptive strategy in the postpartum period. There is limited evidence that the levonorgestrel intrauterine system may have a higher rate of expulsion compared to the copper intrauterine device; however, rates of expulsion for these 2 intrauterine device types have not been compared directly. OBJECTIVE: We sought to compare expulsion rates by 12 weeks' postpartum for the levonorgestrel intrauterine system and copper intrauterine device...
August 19, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806008/south-dakota-medicaid-implements-coverage-for-immediate-postpartum-long-acting-reversible-contraception
#16
EDITORIAL
Kelly Landeen, Ashley Briggs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804240/dual-method-use-among-postpartum-hiv-infected-and-hiv-uninfected-malawian-women-a-prospective-cohort-study
#17
Dawn M Kopp, Jennifer H Tang, Gretchen S Stuart, William C Miller, Michele S O'Shea, Mina C Hosseinipour, Phylos Bonongwe, Mwawi Mwale, Nora E Rosenberg
Dual method use, use of condoms plus another effective contraceptive method, is important in settings with high rates of unintended pregnancy and HIV infection. We evaluated the association of HIV status with dual method use in a cohort of postpartum women. Women completed baseline surveys in the postpartum ward and telephone surveys about contraceptive use 3, 6, and 12 months later. Nonpregnant women who completed at least one follow-up survey were eligible for this secondary analysis. Prevalence ratios were calculated using generalized estimating equations...
2017: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779749/postpartum-modern-contraceptive-use-in-northern-ethiopia-prevalence-and-associated-factors-methodological-issue-in-this-cross-sectional-study
#18
COMMENT
Teklehaymanot Huluf Abraha, Alemayehu Shimeka Teferra, Abebaw Addis Gelagay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774166/postpartum-modern-contraceptive-use-in-northern-ethiopia-prevalence-and-associated-factors-methodological-issues-in-this-cross-sectional-study
#19
Kamyar Mansori, Shiva Mansouri Hanis, Fatemeh Khosravi Shadmani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759624/fear-opposition-ambivalence-and-omission-results-from-a-follow-up-study-on-unmet-need-for-family-planning-in-ghana
#20
Sarah Staveteig
INTRODUCTION: Despite a relatively strong family planning program and regionally modest levels of fertility, Ghana recorded one of the highest levels of unmet need for family planning on the African continent in 2008. Unmet need for family planning is a composite measure based on apparent contradictions between women's reproductive preferences and practices. Women who want to space or limit births but are not using contraception are considered to have an unmet need for family planning...
2017: PloS One
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