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Hepatobiliary MRI

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632786/diagnostic-accuracy-of-magnetic-resonance-computed-tomography-and-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-in-radiological-multimodality-assessment-of-peribiliary-liver-metastases
#1
Vincenza Granata, Roberta Fusco, Orlando Catalano, Antonio Avallone, Raffaele Palaia, Gerardo Botti, Fabiana Tatangelo, Francesco Granata, Marco Cascella, Francesco Izzo, Antonella Petrillo
PURPOSE: We compared diagnostic performance of Magnetic Resonance (MR), Computed Tomography (CT) and Ultrasound (US) with (CEUS) and without contrast medium to identify peribiliary metastasis. METHODS: We identified 35 subjects with histological proven peribiliary metastases who underwent CEUS, CT and MR study. Four radiologists evaluated the presence of peribiliary lesions, using a 4-point confidence scale. Echogenicity, density and T1-Weigthed (T1-W), T2-W and Diffusion Weighted Imaging (DWI) signal intensity as well as the enhancement pattern during contrast studies on CEUS, CT and MR so as hepatobiliary-phase on MRI was assessed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626731/how-to-differentiate-borderline-hepatic-nodules-in-hepatocarcinogenesis-emphasis-on-imaging-diagnosis
#2
REVIEW
Hyun Jeong Park, Byung Ihn Choi, Eun Sun Lee, Sung Bin Park, Jong Beum Lee
BACKGROUND: Rapid advances in liver imaging have improved the evaluation of hepatocarcinogenesis and early diagnosis and treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In this situation, detection of early-stage HCC in its development is important for the improvement of patient survival and optimal treatment strategies. Because early HCCs are considered precursors of progressed HCC, precise differentiation between a dysplastic nodule (DN), especially a high-grade DN, and early HCC is important...
June 2017: Liver Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624924/evaluation-of-hepatic-fibrosis-a-review-from-the-society-of-abdominal-radiology-disease-focus-panel
#3
REVIEW
Jeanne M Horowitz, Sudhakar K Venkatesh, Richard L Ehman, Kartik Jhaveri, Patrick Kamath, Michael A Ohliger, Anthony E Samir, Alvin C Silva, Bachir Taouli, Michael S Torbenson, Michael L Wells, Benjamin Yeh, Frank H Miller
Hepatic fibrosis is potentially reversible; however early diagnosis is necessary for treatment in order to halt progression to cirrhosis and development of complications including portal hypertension and hepatocellular carcinoma. Morphologic signs of cirrhosis on ultrasound (US), computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) alone are unreliable and are seen with more advanced disease. Newer imaging techniques to diagnose liver fibrosis are reliable and accurate, and include magnetic resonance elastography and US elastography (one-dimensional transient elastography and point shear wave elastography or acoustic radiation force impulse imaging)...
June 17, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583364/a-pictorial-review-of-hepatobiliary-magnetic-resonance-imaging-with-hepatocyte-specific-contrast-agents-uses-findings-and-pitfalls-of-gadoxetate-disodium-and-gadobenate-dimeglumine
#4
REVIEW
Elena P Scali, Triona Walshe, Hina Arif Tiwari, Alison C Harris, Silvia D Chang
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has a well-established role as a highly specific and accurate modality for characterizing benign and malignant focal liver lesions. In particular, contrast-enhanced MRI using hepatocyte-specific contrast agents (HSCAs) improves lesion detection and characterization compared to other imaging modalities and MRI techniques. In this pictorial review, the mechanism of action of gadolinium-based MRI contrast agents, with a focus on HSCAs, is described. The clinical indications, protocols, and emerging uses of the 2 commercially available combined contrast agents available in the United States, gadoxetate disodium and gadobenate dimeglumine, are discussed...
June 2, 2017: Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal, Journal L'Association Canadienne des Radiologistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573638/peribiliary-liver-metastases-mr-findings
#5
Vincenza Granata, Roberta Fusco, Orlando Catalano, Antonio Avallone, Maddalena Leongito, Francesco Izzo, Antonella Petrillo
We described magnetic resonance (MR) features of peribiliary metastasis and of periductal infiltrative cholangiocarcinoma. We assessed 35 patients, with peribiliary lesions, using MR 4-point confidence scale. T1-weighted (T1-W), T2-weighted (T2-W) and diffusion-weighted images (DWI) signal intensity, enhancement pattern during arterial, portal, equilibrium and hepatobiliary phase were assessed. We identified 24 patients with periductal-infiltrating cholangiocellular carcinoma. The lesions in 34 patients appeared as a single tissue, while in a single patient, the lesions appeared as multiple individual lesions...
July 2017: Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547764/visibility-of-focal-liver-lesions-comparison-between-kupffer-phase-of-ceus-with-sonazoid-and-hepatobiliary-phase-of-gadoxetic-acid-enhanced-mri
#6
Woo Young Yang, Hee Sun Park, Young Jun Kim, Mi Hye Yu, Sung Il Jung, Hae Jeong Jeon
BACKGROUND: To investigate the agreement between Kupffer phase of Sonazoid contrast-enhanced sonography (CEUS) and hepatobiliary phase of gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI in the evaluation of focal liver lesions (FLLs). METHODS: One hundred fifty-four FLLs in 154 patients who underwent both Sonazoid CEUS and gadoxetic acid-enhanced liver MRI were included in this retrospective study. FLL visibility on the Kupffer-phase images was graded as one (invisible or isoenhancing), two (vaguely visible or vaguely hypoenhancing), or three (clearly visible or clearly hypoenhancing), and that on the hepatobiliary-phase images of MRI was graded as one (invisible or hyper/isointense), two (vaguely visible or weakly hypointense), or three (clearly visible or strongly hypointense)...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547117/non-hypervascular-hypointense-nodules-at-gadoxetic-acid-mri-hepatocellular-carcinoma-risk-assessment-with-emphasis-on-the-role-of-diffusion-weighted-imaging
#7
Chiara Briani, Marco Di Pietropaolo, Massimo Marignani, Francesco Carbonetti, Paola Begini, Vincenzo David, Elsa Iannicelli
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: In cirrhotic patients, the characterization of hypovascular nodules, hypointense on hepatobiliary phase gadoxetic acid disodium-enhanced magnetic resonance images (Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI), is essential to look for the proper approach strategy. Our objective was to evaluate the imaging features and risk assessment of hypovascular nodules, hypointense on Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI, focusing on the diagnostic value of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI). MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective study includes 35 patients with 50 hypovascular hypointense nodules...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530407/gadolinium-complex-of-1-4-7-10-tetraazacyclododecane-1-4-7-trisacetic-acid-do3a-ethoxybenzyl-eob-conjugate-as-a-new-macrocyclic-hepatobiliary-mri-contrast-agent
#8
Ah Rum Baek, Hee-Kyung Kim, Subin Park, Gang Ho Lee, Hyo Jeung Kang, Jae-Chang Jung, Joon-Suk Park, Hun-Kyu Ryeom, Tae-Jeong Kim, Yongmin Chang
We report the synthesis of a macrocyclic Gd chelate based on a 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7-trisacetic acid (DO3A) coordinationn cage bearing an ethoxybenzyl (EOB) moiety and discuss its use as a T1 hepatobiliary magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agent. The new macrocyclic liver agent shows high chelation stability and high r1 relaxivity compared with linear-type Gd chelates, which are the current clinically approved liver agents. Our macrocyclic, liver-specific Gd chelate was evaluated in vivo through biodistribution analysis and liver MRI, which demonstrated its high tumor detection sensitivity and suggested that the new Gd complex is a promising contrast agent for liver cancer imaging...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488786/gadoxetic-acid-enhanced-magnetic-resonance-imaging-reflects-co-activation-of-%C3%AE-catenin-and-hepatocyte-nuclear-factor-4%C3%AE-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#9
Azusa Kitao, Osamu Matsui, Norihide Yoneda, Kazuto Kozaka, Satoshi Kobayashi, Wataru Koda, Tetsuya Minami, Dai Inoue, Kotaro Yoshida, Taro Yamashita, Tatsuya Yamashita, Shuichi Kaneko, Hiroyuki Takamura, Tetsuo Ohta, Hiroko Ikeda, Yasunori Sato, Yasuni Nakanuma, Kenichi Harada, Ryuichi Kita, Toshifumi Gabata
AIM: The aim of this study is to clarify the correlation of the co-activation of β-catenin and hepatocyte nuclear factor (HNF) 4α with the findings of gadoxetic acid enhanced MRI, organic anion transporting polypeptide (OATP) 1B3 expression and histological differentiation grade in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: Surgically resected 196 HCC in 174 patients were enrolled in this study. HCC were classified into four groups by immunohistochemical expression of β-catenin, glutamine synthetase (GS) and HNF4α: β-catenin/GS (positive: +) HNF4α (+), β-catenin/GS (+) HNF4α (negative: -), β-catenin/GS (-) HNF4α (+) and β-catenin/GS (-) HNF4α (-)...
May 10, 2017: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486977/rapid-cartesian-versus-radial-acquisition-comparison-of-two-sequences-for-hepatobiliary-phase-mri-at-3-tesla-in-patients-with-impaired-breath-hold-capabilities
#10
Johannes Budjan, Philipp Riffel, Melissa M Ong, Stefan O Schoenberg, Ulrike I Attenberger, Daniel Hausmann
BACKGROUND: Hepatocyte-specific gadolinium based contrast agents (HSCA) provide substantial information for the classification of liver lesions in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). However, breathing artifacts which reduce image quality and diagnostic confidence of hepatobiliary phase acquisitions are regularly observed in clinical routine. The aim of this study was to evaluate two approaches to reduce breathing artifacts for hepatobiliary phase imaging. METHODS: Twenty minutes after administration of a HSCA (gadoxetic acid), a T1-weighted VIBE sequence with radial k-space sampling (radialVIBE, 180 s acquisition time in free breathing) and a highly accelerated Cartesian VIBE with Dixon fat separation (CD-VIBE, CAIPIRINHA acceleration with r = 2 × 2, breath-hold 8-10 s) were acquired in 35 patients (12 female, 57 ± 13 years), who showed breath-holding difficulties in early phases of the examinations...
May 9, 2017: BMC Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483680/preoperative-gadoxetic-acid-enhanced-mri-for-predicting-microvascular-invasion-in-patients-with-single-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#11
Sunyoung Lee, Seong Hyun Kim, Ji Eun Lee, Dong Hyun Sinn, Cheol Keun Park
BACKGROUND & AIMS: This study aimed to identify preoperative magnetic resonance (MR) imaging biomarkers for predicting microvascular invasion (MVI), to determine their diagnostic performance and to evaluate whether they are associated with early recurrence after surgery for single hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: The study included 197 patients with surgically resected HCC (≤5cm) who underwent preoperative gadoxetic acid-enhanced MR imaging. Significant MR imaging findings for predicting MVI were identified by univariate and multivariate analyses...
May 6, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456818/hepatic-segmental-atrophy-and-nodular-elastosis-imaging-features
#12
Ishan Garg, Rondell P Graham, Wendaline M VanBuren, Ajit H Goenka, Michael S Torbenson, Sudhakar K Venkatesh
PURPOSE: To evaluate the imaging features of hepatic segmental atrophy and nodular elastosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this Institutional review board (IRB)-approved, HIPAA-compliant study, we reviewed imaging features in six cases of histologically confirmed hepatic segmental atrophy (HSA) and nodular elastosis (NE). Retrospective review of ultrasound (US) in 2 patients, computed tomography (CT) in 5 patients, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in 4 patients, and positron emission tomography (PET) in 2 patients was performed...
April 29, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450655/riedel-s-lobe-clinical-importance-of-a-rare-variant-in-liver-morphology
#13
Juferdy Kurniawan, Dewi Anggraeni, Esthika Dewiasty, Lutfie Lutfie
Riedel's lobe is a normal variant form of right liver lobe rarely found. Here we report a case of 38 years old female with an incidental finding not revealed in physical examination, but then known to have hepatomegaly by gynecological ultrasonography. Diagnosis of Riedel's lobe was strengthened by similar results on hepatobiliary ultrasonography, abdominal MRI, and diagnostic laparoscopy. Our patient was discharged and had follow up examination three months later. Knowledge regarding this anomaly is essential to be understood because the finding of accessory liver lobe does not always remain asymptomatic as in our patient, but rather can be related to significant clinical complication...
January 2017: Acta Medica Indonesiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433483/functional-image-guided-stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy-planning-for-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#14
Uranchimeg Tsegmed, Tomoki Kimura, Takeo Nakashima, Yuko Nakamura, Toru Higaki, Nobuki Imano, Yoshiko Doi, Masahiro Kenjo, Shuichi Ozawa, Yuji Murakami, Kazuo Awai, Yasushi Nagata
The aim of the current planning study is to evaluate the ability of gadoxetate disodium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (EOB-MRI)-guided stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) planning by using intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) techniques in sparing the functional liver tissues during SBRT for hepatocellular carcinoma. In this study, 20 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma were enrolled. Functional liver tissues were defined according to quantitative liver-spleen contrast ratios ≥ 1...
July 2017: Medical Dosimetry: Official Journal of the American Association of Medical Dosimetrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428655/magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-the-cirrhotic-liver-diagnosis-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-and-evaluation-of-response-to-treatment-part-2
#15
REVIEW
Miguel Ramalho, António P Matos, Mamdoh AlObaidy, Fernanda Velloni, Ersan Altun, Richard C Semelka
In the second part of this review, we will describe the ancillary imaging features of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) that can be seen on standard magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) protocol, and on novel and emerging protocols such as diffusion weighted imaging and utilization of hepatocyte-specific/hepatobiliary contrast agent. We will also describe the morphologic sub-types of HCC, and give a simplified non-invasive diagnostic algorithm for HCC, followed by a brief description of the liver imaging reporting and data system (LI-RADS), and MRI assessment of tumor response following locoregional therapy...
March 2017: Radiologia Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409250/gadolinium-based-contrast-agents-in-pediatric-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#16
REVIEW
Eric M Gale, Peter Caravan, Anil G Rao, Robert J McDonald, Matthew Winfeld, Robert J Fleck, Michael S Gee
Gadolinium-based contrast agents can increase the accuracy and expediency of an MRI examination. However the benefits of a contrast-enhanced scan must be carefully weighed against the well-documented risks associated with administration of exogenous contrast media. The purpose of this review is to discuss commercially available gadolinium-based contrast agents (GBCAs) in the context of pediatric radiology. We discuss the chemistry, regulatory status, safety and clinical applications, with particular emphasis on imaging of the blood vessels, heart, hepatobiliary tree and central nervous system...
May 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396918/comparison-of-10-and-20-min-hepatobiliary-phase-images-on-gd-eob-dtpa-enhanced-mri-t1-mapping-for-liver-function-assessment-in-clinic
#17
Zhi-Peng Zhou, Li-Ling Long, Wei-Jia Qiu, Ge Cheng, Li-Juan Huang, Teng-Fei Yang, Zhong-Kui Huang
PURPOSE: To compare hepatobiliary phase (HBP) images obtained 10 and 20 min after Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI for liver function assessment in clinic on 3.0 T MR imaging. METHODS: 103 patients were separated into four groups: 38 patients for the normal liver function (NLF) group, 33 patients for the liver cirrhosis with Child-Pugh A (LCA) group, 21 patients for the liver cirrhosis with Child-Pugh B group, and 11 patients for a liver cirrhosis with Child-Pugh C group...
April 10, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392502/contrast-enhanced-computed-tomography-plus-gadolinium-ethoxybenzyl-diethylenetriamine-pentaacetic-acid-enhanced-magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-gross-classification-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#18
Chuang Chen, Hui Zhao, Xu Fu, LuoShun Huang, Min Tang, XiaoPeng Yan, ShiQuan Sun, WenJun Jia, Liang Mao, Jiong Shi, Jun Chen, Jian He, Jin Zhu, YuDong Qiu
Accurate gross classification through imaging is critical for determination of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patient prognoses and treatment strategies. The present retrospective study evaluated the utility of contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CE-CT) combined with gadolinium-ethoxybenzyl diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (EOB-MRI) for diagnosis and classification of HCCs prior to surgery. Ninety-four surgically resected HCC nodules were classified as simple nodular (SN), SN with extranodular growth (SN-EG), confluent multinodular (CMN), or infiltrative (IF) types...
May 2, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374073/liver-imaging-reporting-and-data-system-on-ct-and-gadoxetic-acid-enhanced-mri-with-diffusion-weighted-imaging
#19
Dong Ik Cha, Kyung Mi Jang, Seong Hyun Kim, Tae Wook Kang, Kyoung Doo Song
OBJECTIVES: To assess major imaging features of Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (LI-RADS) on contrast-enhanced CT and gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI and to estimate whether the combination of signal intensity favouring HCC on hepatobiliary phase (HBP) and diffusion-weighted images (DWI) can act as a major feature in LI-RADS. METHODS: Four hundred twenty one patients with 445 observations were included. Major features of LI-RADS on CT and MRI as well as HBP and DWI features were assessed...
April 3, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365784/magnetic-resonance-findings-of-hepatic-epithelioid-hemangioendothelioma-emphasis-on-hepatobiliary-phase-using-gd-eob-dtpa
#20
Jeong Hyun Lee, Woo Kyoung Jeong, Young Kon Kim, Won Jae Lee, Sang Yun Ha, Kyoung Won Kim, Jihun Kim
PURPOSE: To examine the characteristic features of hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (HEH) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using Gd-EOB-DTPA. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twelve patients (mean age, 50 years; male:female = 6:6) who were pathologically confirmed to have HEH in two tertiary institutions were retrospectively investigated. For qualitative analysis, the MRI features of HEH including core pattern were characterized, and lesions were divided into core and non-core groups...
April 1, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
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