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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483436/individualized-music-program-is-associated-with-improved-outcomes-for-u-s-nursing-home-residents-with-dementia
#1
Kali S Thomas, Rosa Baier, Cyrus Kosar, Jessica Ogarek, Alissa Trepman, Vincent Mor
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to compare resident outcomes before and after implementation of an individualized music program, MUSIC & MEMORY (M&M), designed to address the behavioral and psychological symptoms associated with dementia (BPSD). SETTING: 98 nursing homes trained in the M&M program during 2013 and 98 matched-pair comparisons. PARTICIPANTS: Long-stay residents with Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD) residing in M&M participating facilities (N = 12,905) and comparison facilities (N = 12,811) during 2012-2013...
April 14, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396179/effects-of-cognitive-leisure-activity-on-cognition-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Takehiko Doi, Joe Verghese, Hyuma Makizako, Kota Tsutsumimoto, Ryo Hotta, Sho Nakakubo, Takao Suzuki, Hiroyuki Shimada
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that a long-term, structured cognitive leisure activity program is more effective than a health education program at reducing the risk of further cognitive decline in older adults with mild cognitive impairment syndrome (MCI), a high risk for dementia. DESIGN: A 3-arm, single-blind randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Community. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 201 Japanese adults with MCI (mean age: 76...
April 7, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376689/a-nonmusician-with-severe-alzheimer-s-dementia-learns-a-new-song
#3
Amee Baird, Heidi Umbach, William Forde Thompson
The hallmark symptom of Alzheimer's Dementia (AD) is impaired memory, but memory for familiar music can be preserved. We explored whether a non-musician with severe AD could learn a new song. A 91 year old woman (NC) with severe AD was taught an unfamiliar song. We assessed her delayed song recall (24 hours and 2 weeks), music cognition, two word recall (presented within a familiar song lyric, a famous proverb, or as a word stem completion task), and lyrics and proverb completion. NC's music cognition (pitch and rhythm perception, recognition of familiar music, completion of lyrics) was relatively preserved...
February 2017: Neurocase
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287047/how-nursing-home-residents-with-dementia-respond-to-the-interactive-art-installation-venster-a-pilot-study
#4
Tom Luyten, Susy Braun, Gaston Jamin, Susan van Hooren, Luc de Witte
The goal of this study was (1) to determine whether and how nursing home residents with dementia respond to the interactive art installation in general and (2) to identify whether responses change when the content type and, therefore, the nature of the interaction with the artwork changes. The interactive art installation 'VENSTER' evokes responses in nursing home residents with dementia, illustrating the potential of interactive artworks in the nursing home environment. Frequently observed responses were naming, recognizing or asking questions about depicted content and how the installation worked, physically gesturing towards or tapping on the screen and tapping or singing along to the music...
March 12, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266338/vocally-disruptive-behaviors-management-in-older-people-with-dementia
#5
Caroline Berastegui, Emmanuel Monfort, Bertrand Boudin
Although shouting is a common psycho-behavioral symptom in geriatric institutions, the question of its assessment and treatment remains seldom studied and has rarely been the subject of specific recommendations. The combination of the focus group method and brainstorming has emerged as a methodology both relevant and feasible in geriatric facility to identify the coping strategies used by professionals and generalize guidelines for clinical observation and vocally disruptive behaviors management (shouting)...
March 1, 2017: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222531/physical-exercise-with-music-maintains-activities-of-daily-living-in-patients-with-dementia-mihama-kiho-project-part-21
#6
Masayuki Satoh, Jun-Ichi Ogawa, Tomoko Tokita, Noriko Nakaguchi, Koji Nakao, Hirotaka Kida, Hidekazu Tomimoto
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that combined non-pharmacological interventions are more beneficial than single interventions for primary and secondary prevention of dementia. We previously reported enhanced effects of physical exercise with music (ExM) on cognitive function in normal elderly people compared to exercise alone. OBJECTIVE: To identify if ExM improves cognitive function and activities of daily livings (ADLs) in dementia patients over cognitive stimulation (CS)...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149509/music-therapy-is-a-potential-intervention-for-cognition-of-alzheimer-s-disease-a-mini-review
#7
REVIEW
Rong Fang, Shengxuan Ye, Jiangtao Huangfu, David P Calimag
Alzheimer's Disease (AD) is a global health issue given the increasing prevalence rate and the limitations of drug effects. As a consequent, non-pharmacological interventions are of importance. Music therapy (MT) is a non-pharmacological way with a long history of use and a fine usability for dementia patients. In this review, we will summarize different techniques, diverse clinical trials, and the mechanisms of MT as it is helpful to the cognition in AD, providing reference for future research. Many articles have demonstrated that MT can reduce cognitive decline especially in autobiographical and episodic memories, psychomotor speed, executive function domains, and global cognition...
2017: Translational Neurodegeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009676/effectiveness-of-meaningful-occupation-interventions-for-people-living-with-dementia-in-residential-aged-care-a-systematic-review
#8
Catherine Travers, Deborah Brooks, Sonia Hines, Maria O'Reilly, Mitchell McMaster, Wei He, Margaret MacAndrew, Elaine Fielding, Lina Karlsson, Elizabeth Beattie
BACKGROUND: The ability to participate in valued activities, whether for work, leisure or family, is an important aspect of personal identity. In dementia, progressive memory loss means that abilities developed over a lifetime begin to be lost as well, contributing to the loss of self and identity. Some studies have reported that activities or interventions tailored to be meaningful to the person with dementia (defined as any activity important to the individual) are more effective in addressing behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) and improving quality of life (QoL) than those that are not so tailored...
December 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819483/the-effects-of-the-music-with-movement-intervention-on-the-cognitive-functions-of-people-with-moderate-dementia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Daphne Sze Ki Cheung, Claudia Kam Yuk Lai, Frances Kam Yuet Wong, Mason Chin Pang Leung
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of the six-week music-with-movement (MM) intervention, as compared with music listening (ML) and social activity (SA), on the cognitive functions of people with moderate dementia over time. METHODS: A multi-center randomized controlled trial was conducted on 165 nursing home residents with moderate dementia. The MM intervention protocol was developed based on a critical literature review, and tested in three rounds of pilot studies before undergoing testing in this study...
November 7, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802233/multimodal-cognitive-enhancement-therapy-for-patients-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-mild-dementia-a%C3%A2-multi-center-randomized-controlled-double-blind-crossover-trial
#10
Ji Won Han, Hyeonggon Lee, Jong Woo Hong, Kayoung Kim, Taehyun Kim, Hye Jin Byun, Ji Won Ko, Jong Chul Youn, Seung-Ho Ryu, Nam-Jin Lee, Chi-Un Pae, Ki Woong Kim
We developed and evaluated the effect of Multimodal Cognitive Enhancement Therapy (MCET) consisting of cognitive training, cognitive stimulations, reality orientation, physical therapy, reminiscence therapy, and music therapy in combination in older people with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or mild dementia. This study was a multi-center, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, two-period cross-over study (two 8-week treatment phases separated by a 4-week wash-out period). Sixty-four participants with MCI or dementia whose Clinical Dementia Rating was 0...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802226/music-perception-in-dementia
#11
Hannah L Golden, Camilla N Clark, Jennifer M Nicholas, Miriam H Cohen, Catherine F Slattery, Ross W Paterson, Alexander J M Foulkes, Jonathan M Schott, Catherine J Mummery, Sebastian J Crutch, Jason D Warren
Despite much recent interest in music and dementia, music perception has not been widely studied across dementia syndromes using an information processing approach. Here we addressed this issue in a cohort of 30 patients representing major dementia syndromes of typical Alzheimer's disease (AD, n = 16), logopenic aphasia (LPA, an Alzheimer variant syndrome; n = 5), and progressive nonfluent aphasia (PNFA; n = 9) in relation to 19 healthy age-matched individuals. We designed a novel neuropsychological battery to assess perception of musical patterns in the dimensions of pitch and temporal information (requiring detection of notes that deviated from the established pattern based on local or global sequence features) and musical scene analysis (requiring detection of a familiar tune within polyphonic harmony)...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27532469/interventions-incorporating-physical-and-cognitive-elements-to-reduce-falls-risk-in-cognitively-impaired-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#12
Vicky Booth, Victoria Hood, Fiona Kearney
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment is a risk factor for falls. Older adults with cognitive impairment (such as dementia) have an increased risk of falling compared with age-matched individuals without a cognitive impairment. To reduce falls in this population, interventions could theoretically target and train both physical and cognitive abilities. Combining and addressing cognitive components in falls rehabilitation is a novel and emerging area of healthcare. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to identify the effectiveness of combined cognitive and physical interventions on the risk of falls in cognitively impaired older adults...
May 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27345629/the-effect-of-folk-recreation-program-in-improving-symptoms-a-study-of-chinese-elder-dementia-patients
#13
Dong-Mei Li, Xiao-Xue Li
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a folk recreation program on the symptoms of people with dementia. The program was tailored to the participants' interest and derived from their traditional culture background. METHODS: A quasi-experimental study design was used. A total of 48 participants were assigned to an experimental or a control group. The experimental group received a 40 to 50-min folk recreation intervention, which is mainly about art, music and game, three times a week and for 16 weeks...
June 27, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27309634/does-music-training-facilitate-the-mnemonic-effect-of-song-an-exploration-of-musicians-and-nonmusicians-with-and-without-alzheimer-s-dementia
#14
Amee Baird, Séverine Samson, Laurie Miller, Kerry Chalmers
INTRODUCTION: The efficacy of using sung words as a mnemonic device for verbal memory has been documented in persons with probable Alzheimer's dementia (AD), but it is not yet known whether this effect is related to music training. Given that music training can enhance cognitive functioning, we explored the effects of music training and modality (sung vs. spoken) on verbal memory in persons with and without AD. METHOD: We used a mixed factorial design to compare learning (5 trials), delayed recall (30-min and, 24-hour), and recognition of sung versus spoken information in 22 healthy elderly (15 musicians), and 11 people with AD (5 musicians)...
June 16, 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26935188/dance-for-individuals-with-dementia
#15
Jennifer L Lapum, Rachel J Bar
The movement and music associated with dance plays an important role in many individuals' lives and can become imprinted upon the body and mind. Dance is thus closely associated with memory because of these deep connections. Without conscious thought, dance has the potential to be initiated as individuals age. In the current article, the authors share narrative reflections about their experiences with, and the potential of, dance as an intervention for aging populations diagnosed with dementia-related diseases...
March 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26896913/music-therapy-and-alzheimer-s-disease-cognitive-psychological-and-behavioural-effects
#16
M Gómez Gallego, J Gómez García
INTRODUCTION: Music therapy is one of the types of active ageing programmes which are offered to elderly people. The usefulness of this programme in the field of dementia is beginning to be recognised by the scientific community, since studies have reported physical, cognitive, and psychological benefits. Further studies detailing the changes resulting from the use of music therapy with Alzheimer patients are needed. OBJECTIVES: Determine the clinical improvement profile of Alzheimer patients who have undergone music therapy...
February 17, 2016: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26770801/effects-of-viewing-a-preferred-nature-image-and-hearing-preferred-music-on-engagement-agitation-and-mental-status-in-persons-with-dementia
#17
Julia Eggert, Cheryl J Dye, Ellen Vincent, Veronica Parker, Shaundra B Daily, Hiep Pham, Alison Turner Watson, Hollie Summey, Tania Roy
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the described exploratory study was to test proactive strategies for enhancing engagement and cognitive ability while diminishing dementia-related disordered behaviors of those diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease and other dementias. Study participants resided in an Memory Care unit of an assisted living community. METHOD: The researchers measured the effects of exposure to music and nature images on engagement using the Individualized Dementia Engagement and Activities Scale tool, on cognitive ability using the Montreal Cognitive Assessment, and on agitation using the Cohen-Mansfield Agitation Inventory...
2015: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26519435/clinical-and-demographic-factors-associated%C3%A2-with-the-cognitive-and-emotional%C3%A2-efficacy-of-regular-musical-activities-in-dementia
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Teppo Särkämö, Sari Laitinen, Ava Numminen, Merja Kurki, Julene K Johnson, Pekka Rantanen
Recent evidence suggests that music-based interventions can be beneficial in maintaining cognitive, emotional, and social functioning in persons with dementia (PWDs). Our aim was to determine how clinical, demographic, and musical background factors influence the cognitive and emotional efficacy of caregiver-implemented musical activities in PWDs. In a randomized controlled trial, 89 PWD-caregiver dyads received a 10-week music coaching intervention involving either singing or music listening or standard care...
2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26488358/music-therapy-in-neurological-rehabilitation-settings
#19
REVIEW
Elżbieta Galińska
The neurologic music therapy is a new scope of music therapy. Its techniques deal with dysfunctions resulting from diseases of the human nervous system. Music can be used as an alternative modality to access functions unavailable through non-musical stimulus. Processes in the brain activated by the influence of music can be generalized and transferred to non-musical functions. Therefore, in clinical practice, the translation of non-musical therapeutic exercises into analogous, isomorphic musical exercises is performed...
2015: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26412509/a-personalized-multimedia-device-to-treat-agitated-behavior-and-improve-mood-in-people-with-dementia-a-pilot-study
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Tanya E Davison, Kanvar Nayer, Selby Coxon, Arthur de Bono, Barbara Eppingstall, Yun-Hee Jeon, Eva S van der Ploeg, Daniel W O'Connor
Agitated behaviors and dysphoric moods in nursing home residents with dementia may be a response to a lack of personalized, meaningful activity and stimulation. To address this deficiency, a personal computer was adapted to play favorite music and display photographs, movies and messages that were selected or made by family members. The system (called Memory Box) is accompanied by a simplified interface to help people with dementia access material independently. The system's ability to reduce agitation, and improve symptoms of depression and anxiety, was tested by means of an eight-week randomized, single-blinded, cross-over trial comparing Memory Box with a control condition that offered equivalent contact with research staff...
January 2016: Geriatric Nursing
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