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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706882/cognitive-function-and-brain-atrophy-predict-non-pharmacological-efficacy-in-dementia-the-mihama-kiho-scan-project2
#1
Ken-Ichi Tabei, Masayuki Satoh, Jun-Ichi Ogawa, Tomoko Tokita, Noriko Nakaguchi, Koji Nakao, Hirotaka Kida, Hidekazu Tomimoto
We aimed to determine whether neuropsychological deficits and brain atrophy could predict the efficacy of non-pharmacological interventions. Forty-six participants with mild-to-moderate dementia were monitored for 6 months; 25 underwent an intervention involving physical exercise with music, and 21 performed cognitive stimulation tasks. Participants were categorized into improvement (IMP) and no-IMP subgroups. In the exercise-with-music group, the no-IMP subgroup performed worse than the IMP subgroup on the Rivermead Behavioural Memory Test at baseline...
2018: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649909/-music-memory-and-improved-swallowing-in-advanced-dementia
#2
Dan Cohen, Stephen G Post, Angela Lo, Robin Lombardo, Brandon Pfeffer
Background Dysphagia and difficulty with eating affects a significant portion of individuals with advanced dementia. Such problems with oral intake can have serious health consequences including mealtime distress, dehydration and malnutrition, aspiration, reduced quality of life, and increased mortality risk. Design We present the first data indicating that "Music & Memory" interventions improve swallowing in individuals with advanced dementia, thereby making oral feeding easier and potentially diminishing reliance on PEG...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570792/genomics-studies-on-musical-aptitude-music-perception-and-practice
#3
REVIEW
Irma Järvelä
When searching for genetic markers inherited together with musical aptitude, genes affecting inner ear development and brain function were identified. The alpha-synuclein gene (SNCA), located in the most significant linkage region of musical aptitude, was overexpressed when listening and performing music. The GATA-binding protein 2 gene (GATA2) was located in the best associated region of musical aptitude and regulates SNCA in dopaminergic neurons, thus linking DNA- and RNA-based studies of music-related traits together...
March 23, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534603/in-home-use-of-personalized-music-for-persons-with-dementia
#4
Danica Kulibert, Alexandria Ebert, Sharayah Preman, Susan H McFadden
Although evidence is mounting that personalized music has beneficial effects for long-term care residents with dementia, little research has examined the effects of personalized music for the majority of persons with dementia living at home. These individuals live at home with care partners who may also benefit from having music that is personalized for their loved one. Using the Music & MemorySM program of personalized playlists delivered via iPod Shuffles®, the current study examined the effects of the Music & Memory program for persons with dementia by using the Bath Assessment of Subjective Quality of Life in Dementia scale and a Music Listening Experience Scale developed for this study...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528700/going-back-to-school-an-opportunity-for-lifelong-learning-for-people-with-dementia-in-denmark-innovative-practice
#5
Alison Ward, Kim Alberg Sorensen, Helle Kousgaard, Diana Schack Thoft, Jacqueline Parkes
The provision of lifelong learning for older people is often promoted as a way of engaging socially and maintaining cognitive function. The concept is also used with people with dementia, but is often limited to short-term programmes. Innovative practice from Denmark takes this concept further, offering people with early stage dementia the opportunity to return to school to attend classes in cognitive training, music, art and woodcraft. A pilot study conducted by the school of teaching and communication (Voksenskolen For Undervisning og Kommunikation) offers evidence for the benefits of prolonged educational programmes for people with dementia in maintaining decision-making, cognitive function and social interactions, with limited evidence of the impact on memory...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518671/impact-of-group-singing-on-older-adult-health-in-senior-living-communities-a-pilot-study
#6
Musetta C Fu, Basia Belza, Huong Nguyen, Rebecca Logsdon, Steven Demorest
PURPOSE: Participating in a group-singing program may be beneficial to healthy aging through engaging in active music-making activities and breathing exercises. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility, acceptability, and impact of a 12-week group singing program on cognitive function, lung health and quality of life (QoL) of older adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A pre and post-test quasi-experimental design evaluated the impact of a group-singing program on older adult health...
May 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501470/changes-in-cognitive-function-after-a-12-week-exercise-intervention-in-adults-with-down-syndrome
#7
Lauren T Ptomey, Amanda N Szabo, Erik A Willis, Anna M Gorczyca, J Leon Greene, Jessica C Danon, Joseph E Donnelly
BACKGROUND: Between 250,000 and 400,000 individuals in the United States are diagnosed with Down syndrome (DS). Nearly all adults with DS will develop Alzheimer's disease pathology starting in their thirties. Recent studies suggest that increased physical activity (PA) may be important for maintaining components of cognition, including memory. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate changes in cognitive function after completion of a 12-week exercise intervention in adults with DS...
February 26, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493789/reminiscence-therapy-for-dementia
#8
REVIEW
Bob Woods, Laura O'Philbin, Emma M Farrell, Aimee E Spector, Martin Orrell
BACKGROUND: This updated Cochrane Review of reminiscence therapy (RT) for dementia was first published in 1998, and last updated in 2005. RT involves the discussion of memories and past experiences with other people using tangible prompts such as photographs or music to evoke memories and stimulate conversation. RT is implemented widely in a range of settings using a variety of formats. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of RT on people living with dementia and their carers, taking into account differences in its implementation, including setting (care home, community) and modality (group, individual)...
March 1, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246541/autobiographical-memory-the-ageing-brain-and-mechanisms-of-psychological-interventions
#9
REVIEW
Andrew P Allen, Caoilainn Doyle, Seán Commins, Richard A P Roche
Elucidating the impact of healthy cognitive ageing and dementia on autobiographical memory (AM) may help deepen our theoretical understanding of memory and underlying neural changes. The distinction between episodic and semantic autobiographical memory is particularly informative in this regard. Psychological interventions, particularly those involving reminiscence or music, have led to differential effects on episodic and semantic autobiographical memory. We propose that executive function is a key mediator of psychological therapies on autobiographical memory...
March 2018: Ageing Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210877/music-intervention-with-reminiscence-therapy-and-reality-orientation-for-elderly-people-with-alzheimer-disease-living-in-a-nursing-home-a-pilot-study
#10
María Dolores Onieva-Zafra, Laura Hernández-Garcia, María Teresa Gonzalez-Del-Valle, María Laura Parra-Fernández, Elia Fernandez-Martinez
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of an 8-week nursing intervention consisting of 2 weekly sessions of music and reminiscence therapy together with the application of reality orientation techniques. Our expectation at the onset of the study was that listening to music that was familiar and connected with the memory of past events would, due to the music's emotional impact, stimulate memory associations, leading, in turn, to a positive effect on depression and anxiety in people living with dementia...
January 2018: Holistic Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779927/combining-music-and-reminiscence-therapy-interventions-for-wellbeing-in-elderly-populations-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Lauren Istvandity
Both music therapy and reminiscence therapy are currently being used to increase aspects of wellbeing in older people, including those with memory diseases such as dementia, as alternatives to pharmacological treatments. There is growing evidence that combining these therapies in a focused way would provide unique wellbeing outcomes for this population. This review aims to report on the existing intervention studies that utilize both music and reminiscence activities in equal measure in elderly adult populations...
August 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705297/the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-behavioral-disorders-in-dementia
#12
Torsten Kratz
BACKGROUND: Behavioral disorders such as aggressiveness, agitation, delusions, disinhibition, affect lability, and apathy arise in more than 90% of patients with dementia. Behavioral disorders are a major challenge and the greatest stress factor in everyday life for nursing personnel and for family members caring for the patient. METHODS: This review is based on relevant publications retrieved by a selective literature search in the PubMed, Cochrane Library, and German S3 guideline databases with the search terms "behavioral disorders," "non-cognitive disorders," and "challenging behavior," in conjunction with "dementia" and "behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia...
June 30, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691506/the-effect-of-music-therapy-on-cognitive-functions-in-patients-with-dementia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Laura Fusar-Poli, Łucja Bieleninik, Natascia Brondino, Xi-Jing Chen, Christian Gold
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to meta-analyze the effect of music therapy (MT) on cognitive functions in patients with dementia. METHOD: A systematic literature search was performed in Medline, PsycINFO, Embase, CINAHL and RILM up to 8 September 2016. We included all randomized controlled trials that compared MT with standard care, or other non-musical types of intervention, evaluating cognitive outcomes in patients with dementia. Outcomes included global cognition, complex attention, executive function, learning and memory, language, and perceptual-motor skills...
July 10, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554224/-now-he-sings-the-my-musical-memories-reminiscence-programme-personalised-interactive-reminiscence-sessions-for-people-living-with-dementia
#14
Simon C Evans, Claire Garabedian, Jennifer Bray
This paper explores the impact of the My Musical Memories Reminiscence Programme (MMMRP), an innovative intervention that adopts a music-based reminiscence approach. MMMRP builds on the format of the popular Singing for the Brain sessions with the aim of increasing opportunities for interaction and reminiscence amongst people living with dementia. Data were collected pre- and post-intervention and three months later using structured observation, interviews and focus groups. Results suggest that the programme had a positive impact on participants by promoting engagement, reminiscence and social interaction...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483436/individualized-music-program-is-associated-with-improved-outcomes-for-u-s-nursing-home-residents-with-dementia
#15
Kali S Thomas, Rosa Baier, Cyrus Kosar, Jessica Ogarek, Alissa Trepman, Vincent Mor
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to compare resident outcomes before and after implementation of an individualized music program, MUSIC & MEMORY (M&M), designed to address the behavioral and psychological symptoms associated with dementia (BPSD). SETTING: 98 nursing homes trained in the M&M program during 2013 and 98 matched-pair comparisons. PARTICIPANTS: Long-stay residents with Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD) residing in M&M participating facilities (N = 12,905) and comparison facilities (N = 12,811) during 2012-2013...
September 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396179/effects-of-cognitive-leisure-activity-on-cognition-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Takehiko Doi, Joe Verghese, Hyuma Makizako, Kota Tsutsumimoto, Ryo Hotta, Sho Nakakubo, Takao Suzuki, Hiroyuki Shimada
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that a long-term, structured cognitive leisure activity program is more effective than a health education program at reducing the risk of further cognitive decline in older adults with mild cognitive impairment syndrome (MCI), a high risk for dementia. DESIGN: A 3-arm, single-blind randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Community. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 201 Japanese adults with MCI (mean age: 76...
April 7, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376689/a-nonmusician-with-severe-alzheimer-s-dementia-learns-a-new-song
#17
Amee Baird, Heidi Umbach, William Forde Thompson
The hallmark symptom of Alzheimer's Dementia (AD) is impaired memory, but memory for familiar music can be preserved. We explored whether a non-musician with severe AD could learn a new song. A 91 year old woman (NC) with severe AD was taught an unfamiliar song. We assessed her delayed song recall (24 hours and 2 weeks), music cognition, two word recall (presented within a familiar song lyric, a famous proverb, or as a word stem completion task), and lyrics and proverb completion. NC's music cognition (pitch and rhythm perception, recognition of familiar music, completion of lyrics) was relatively preserved...
February 2017: Neurocase
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287047/how-nursing-home-residents-with-dementia-respond-to-the-interactive-art-installation-venster-a-pilot-study
#18
Tom Luyten, Susy Braun, Gaston Jamin, Susan van Hooren, Luc de Witte
The goal of this study was (1) to determine whether and how nursing home residents with dementia respond to the interactive art installation in general and (2) to identify whether responses change when the content type and, therefore, the nature of the interaction with the artwork changes. The interactive art installation 'VENSTER' evokes responses in nursing home residents with dementia, illustrating the potential of interactive artworks in the nursing home environment. Frequently observed responses were naming, recognizing or asking questions about depicted content and how the installation worked, physically gesturing towards or tapping on the screen and tapping or singing along to the music...
January 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266338/vocally-disruptive-behaviors-management-in-older-people-with-dementia
#19
Caroline Berastegui, Emmanuel Monfort, Bertrand Boudin
Although shouting is a common psycho-behavioral symptom in geriatric institutions, the question of its assessment and treatment remains seldom studied and has rarely been the subject of specific recommendations. The combination of the focus group method and brainstorming has emerged as a methodology both relevant and feasible in geriatric facility to identify the coping strategies used by professionals and generalize guidelines for clinical observation and vocally disruptive behaviors management (shouting)...
March 1, 2017: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222531/physical-exercise-with-music-maintains-activities-of-daily-living-in-patients-with-dementia-mihama-kiho-project-part-21
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Masayuki Satoh, Jun-Ichi Ogawa, Tomoko Tokita, Noriko Nakaguchi, Koji Nakao, Hirotaka Kida, Hidekazu Tomimoto
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that combined non-pharmacological interventions are more beneficial than single interventions for primary and secondary prevention of dementia. We previously reported enhanced effects of physical exercise with music (ExM) on cognitive function in normal elderly people compared to exercise alone. OBJECTIVE: To identify if ExM improves cognitive function and activities of daily livings (ADLs) in dementia patients over cognitive stimulation (CS)...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
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