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Chrysoula Argyrou, Demetrios Moris, Spiridon Vernadakis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 4, 2016: Transplantation Reviews
H Y Ma, C Y Ma, J J Zhu, G J Ren, W Wang, W Chen, J X Lu, L B Ma
In this study, we determined the whole mitochondrial genome profile of the three-spot swimming crab (Portunus sanguinolentus) and elucidated phylogenetic relationships between representative species in the order Decapoda. The mitochondrial genome was 16,024 bp in length and consisted of 13 protein-coding genes, 22 transfer RNA genes, two ribosomal RNA genes, and a putative control region. Of the 37 genes, 23 were encoded by the heavy strand while 14 were encoded by the light strand. Four types of start codons were identified; ATG initiated nine genes, ATT initiated two genes, and ATC and GTG each started one gene...
August 29, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
C Y Ma, H Y Ma, G J Ren, W Wang, W Chen, J X Lu, X Zou, L B Ma
This study determined the mitochondrial genome structure of the blue swimming crab (Portunus pelagicus), and elucidated its phylogenetic relationships among the species within the order Decapoda. The complete mitochondrial genome was 16,155 bp long, and contained 13 protein-coding genes, 22 transfer RNA genes, 2 ribosomal RNA genes, and 1 DNA control region. The gene order of the genome was the same as that found within the family Portunidae. Twenty-three genes were on the heavy strand and 14 were on the light strand...
August 19, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Dragana Protic, Dragana Savic, Dragana Andjelkovic, Nina Djukanovic, Marija Zdravkovic, Sinisa F Djurasevic, Zoran Todorovic
INTRODUCTION: Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) are increasingly resistant nosocomial pathogens. We aimed to analyze the prevalence of CoNS isolates in clinical settings, the evolution of antimicrobial resistance of CoNS, and antibiotic consumption in a hospital. METHODOLOGY: This retrospective cohort study was carried out at a tertiary healthcare facility over 17 months. Identification of isolated cultures and antibiotic susceptibility testing were performed using the Vitek2 system...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Vasilios Tzilas, Argyris Tzouvelekis, Spyridon Papiris, Demosthenes Bouros
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
Caroline Solazzo, Blandine Courel, Jacques Connan, Bart E van Dongen, Holly Barden, Kirsty Penkman, Sheila Taylor, Beatrice Demarchi, Pierre Adam, Philippe Schaeffer, Arie Nissenbaum, Ofer Bar-Yosef, Michael Buckley
Mortuary practices in human evolution record cognitive, social changes and technological innovations. The Neolithic Revolution in the Levant was a watershed in this domain that has long fascinated the archaeological community. Plaster modelled skulls are well known at Jericho and several other Neolithic sites, and in Nahal Hemar cave (Israel, ca. 8200 -7300 cal. BC) excavations yielded six unique human skulls covered with a black organic coating applied in a net pattern evoking a headdress. This small cave was used as storage for paraphernalia in the semi-arid area of the Judean desert and the dry conditions preserved other artefacts such as baskets coated with a similar dark substance...
2016: Scientific Reports
Daniel B Carr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 26, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Louise M Bezuidenhout, Michael Morrison
BACKGROUND: The widespread sharing of biologicaConcluding Comments: Teaching Responsible Datal and biomedical data is recognised as a key element in facilitating translation of scientific discoveries into novel clinical applications and services. At the same time, twenty-first century states are increasingly concerned that this data could also be used for purposes of bioterrorism. There is thus a tension between the desire to promote the sharing of data, as encapsulated by the Open Data movement, and the desire to prevent this data from 'falling into the wrong hands' as represented by 'dual use' policies...
2016: BMC Medical Ethics
Derek S Wheeler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Cheng-ye Hu, Yu-yue Shui, Xiao Du, Bo-nian Shui
In this paper, the interaction between the species Population were analyzed based on the data of major nekton species in the south coastal waters of Cangnan in spring and autumn 2014. A series of methods including niche breadth, niche overlap, χ2 - test and association coefficient (AC) based on a 2x2 contingency table were used. The results showed that the major nekton species in the south coastal waters of Cangnan were classified into three groups, i.e. wide niche breadth species, moderate niche breadth species and narrow niche breadth species based on the niche breadth values...
October 2015: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
Geertje M de Boer, Laura van Dussen, Leon M van den Toorn, Michael A den Bakker, Rogier A S Hoek, Dennis A Hesselink, Carla E M Hollak, Peter Th W van Hal
Gaucher disease (GD), a lysosomal storage disorder, may result in end-stage lung disease. We report successful bilateral lung transplantation in a 49-year-old woman with GD complicated by severe pulmonary hypertension and fibrotic changes in the lungs. Before receiving the lung transplant, the patient was undergoing both enzyme replacement therapy (imiglucerase) and triple pulmonary hypertension treatment (epoprostenol, bosentan, and sildenafil). She had a history of splenectomy, severe bone disease, and renal involvement, all of which were related to GD and considered as relative contraindications for a lung transplantation...
January 2016: Chest
Saurabh Kumar, Usha B Tedrow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
George Ntaios, Gregory Y H Lip
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A significant proportion of stroke patients is treated with anticoagulants for secondary stroke prevention. Often, in such patients, stroke physicians are required to make difficult clinical decisions when confronted with the dilemma to choose between the risk of thromboembolism and the risk of bleeding. This article focuses on three common anticoagulant-related situations, where the stroke physician needs to find the delicate balance between the two risks. RECENT FINDINGS: Three typical case vignettes are presented and the associated dilemmas are discussed: a patient with an anticoagulant-related intracranial hemorrhage: would you restart anticoagulation?, an anticoagulated patient with a previous stroke because of atrial fibrillation is scheduled for an elective polyp removal: how would you handle anticoagulation perioperatively?, and a patient presents with an ischemic stroke because of atrial fibrillation: how soon would you start anticoagulation for secondary stroke prevention? The article summarizes the related literature and discusses the pros and cons of each choice...
February 2016: Current Opinion in Neurology
Maurício R Fernandes, Alexandre D Pimenta
Triphoridae is one of the most speciose families of marine mollusks, being mainly represented by the subfamily Triphorinae. The present study aims to describe five new species of Triphorinae, and to report two species in Brazil previously known only from the Caribbean: Nanaphora verbernei (Moolenbeek & Faber) comb. nov. is herein disregarded as belonging to the genus Cheirodonta, owing to differences especially related to shell morphology; Triphora portoricensis Rolán & Redfern has its known geographic distribution greatly increased, despite its non-planktotrophic development; Cheirodonta mizifio sp...
2015: Zootaxa
Leonard Kritharides, Harry C Lowe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Thrombosis Research
Hongyu Ma, Chunyan Ma, Chenhong Li, Jianxue Lu, Xiong Zou, Yangyang Gong, Wei Wang, Wei Chen, Lingbo Ma, Lianjun Xia
In this study, we first described the complete mitochondrial genome for the red crab (Charybdis feriata), elucidated its phylogenetic relationship among 20 species within Decapoda, and estimated the population genetic diversity. The mitochondrial genome was 15,660 bp in size and encoded 13 protein-coding genes, 22 transfer RNA (tRNA) genes, and two ribosomal RNA genes. The gene arrangement of the mitochondrial genome was the same as that of its sister species, C. japonica. Phylogenomic analysis suggested that genus Charybdis should be classified into subfamily Portuninae but not into subfamily Thalamitinae...
2015: Scientific Reports
Yanming Sui, Menghong Hu, Xizhi Huang, Youji Wang, Weiqun Lu
Ocean acidification and hypoxia, both caused by anthropogenic activities, have showed deleterious impacts on marine animals. However, their combined effect on the mussel's defence to its predator has been poorly understood, which hinders us to understand the prey-predator interaction in marine environment. The thick shell mussel Mytilus coruscus and its predator, the Asian paddle crab Charybdis japonica were exposed to three pH levels (7.3, 7.7, 8.1) at two concentrations of dissolved oxygen (2.0 mg L(-1), 6...
August 2015: Marine Environmental Research
Yunfei Sun, Fang Wang, Shuanglin Dong
Predation of manila clams (Ruditapes philippinarum) by swimming crabs (Portunus trituberculatus) and Japanese stone crabs (Charybdis japonica) was compared in the laboratory under different starvation regimes by a video recording analysis system, and the mechanism of foraging behavior differences between them combined with ethograms and morphology characteristics was discussed. The main results were as follows: (1) Starvation had a significant effect on P. trituberculatus and C. japonica predation rates. With the increase of the starvation regime, predation rate tended to increase at first and then decrease...
November 1, 2015: Physiology & Behavior
Luigi Macchi, Anna Pavan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2015: European Journal of Internal Medicine
J Hofmeijer, L J Kappelle, C J M Klijn
In patients who have intracerebral haemorrhage while on antithrombotic treatment, there is no evidence from randomised clinical trials to support decisions with regard to antithrombotic medication. In the acute phase, we advise stopping all antithrombotic treatment with rapid reversal of antithrombotic effects of oral anticoagulants. After the acute phase, we discourage restarting oral anticoagulants in patients with a lobar haematoma caused by cerebral amyloid angiopathy because of the high risk of recurrent bleeding...
August 2015: Practical Neurology
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