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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588922/clinical-signs-of-trachoma-are-prevalent-among-solomon-islanders-who-have-no-persistent-markers-of-prior-infection-with-chlamydia-trachomatis
#1
Robert Butcher, Oliver Sokana, Kelvin Jack, Leslie Sui, Charles Russell, Anna Last, Diana L Martin, Matthew J Burton, Anthony W Solomon, David C W Mabey, Chrissy H Roberts
Background: The low population-prevalence of trachomatous trichiasis and high prevalence of trachomatous inflammation-follicular (TF) provide contradictory estimates of the magnitude of the public health threat from trachoma in the Solomon Islands. Improved characterisation of the biology of trachoma in the region may support policy makers as they decide what interventions are required. Here, age-specific profiles of anti-Pgp3 antibodies and conjunctival scarring were examined to determine whether there is evidence of ongoing transmission and pathology from ocular Chlamydia trachomatis (Ct) infection...
2018: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554075/ophthalmologic-complications-associated-with-oculofacial-plastic-and-esthetic-surgeries
#2
Ji Sun Baek, Kun Hae Kim, Jung Hye Lee, Hye Sun Choi
PURPOSE: To assess the ophthalmologic complications after oculofacial plastic and esthetic surgeries, including their incidence and management. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed on 110 patients who presented with ocular complications followed by oculofacial plastic and esthetic surgeries from January 2014 to December 2015. The incidence and management of complications after each surgery or procedure were analyzed. RESULTS: For lower eyelid blepharoplasty, the common complications were chemosis and lower eyelid ectropion...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538594/anterior-tarsal-flap-rotation-combined-with-anterior-lamellar-reposition-in-the-repair-of-cicatricial-upper-eyelid-entropion
#3
Selam Yekta Sendul, Burcu Dirim, Cemile Ucgul Atılgan, Mehmet Demir, Ali Olgun, Semra Tiryaki Demir, Saniye Uke Uzun, Gurcan Dogukan Arsalan, Dilek Guven
PURPOSE: This study aimed to share the results of patients who underwent anterior tarsal flap rotation combined with anterior lamellar reposition because of cicatricial upper eyelid entropion, and to determine the effectiveness and reliability of this surgical technique. METHODS: Fifteen eyes of 11 patients (2 right eyes; 5 left eyes; and 4 bilateral eyes) on whom we performed anterior tarsal flap rotation surgery combined with anterior lamellar reposition because of cicatricial entropion were included in this study...
January 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466424/anterior-segment-and-external-ocular-disorders-associated-with-hiv-infections-in-the-era-of-haart-in-chiang-mai-university-hospital-a-prospective-descriptive-cross-sectional-study
#4
Tassapol Singalavanija, Somsanguan Ausayakhun, Chulaluck Tangmonkongvoragul
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) causes impairment to the human immune system which leads to immunocompromised conditions, including ocular complications. Several important HIV-associated disorders may involve the anterior segment, ocular surface, and adnexae organ such as dry eye, blepharitis which reduce quality of life of patients. In present, potent antiretroviral therapies HAART (highly active antiretroviral therapy) has improved the length and quality of life which may lead to an increased prevalence of anterior segment ocular disorders...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432434/prevalence-of-trachoma-in-the-kayes-region-of-mali-eight-years-after-stopping-mass-drug-administration
#5
Lamine Traoré, Benoit Dembele, Modibo Keita, Steven D Reid, Mahamadou Dembéle, Bréhima Mariko, Famolo Coulibaly, Whitney Goldman, Dramane Traoré, Daouda Coulibaly, Boubacar Guindo, Joseph J Amon, Marily Knieriemen, Yaobi Zhang
BACKGROUND: In 2009, three years after stopping mass treatment with azithromycin, a trachoma impact survey in four health districts in the Kayes region of Mali found a prevalence of trachomatous inflammation-follicular (TF) among children aged 1 to 9 years of >5% and a trachomatous trichiasis (TT) prevalence within the general population (≥1-year-old) of <1%. As a result, the government's national trachoma program expanded trichiasis surgery and related activities required to achieve trachoma elimination...
February 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422758/localized-trichiasis-causing-focal-full-thickness-corneal-edema-endothelial-cell-loss-and-corneal-scarring-requiring-penetrating-keratoplasty
#6
Tiffany Sara Liu, Seth Meskin
The purpose of the study was to report a case of focal trichiasis causing full-thickness corneal edema, scarring, and endothelial cell loss requiring penetrating keratoplasty (PK). A 66-year-old male was referred for trichiasis of the right upper eyelid corresponding to an area of full-thickness corneal edema. No keratic precipitates or guttata was noted. Specular microscopy showed diffuse endothelial cell loss. He was treated with topical steroids and acyclovir with epilation of lashes. Anterior chamber paracentesis was negative for varicella-zoster virus, cytomegalovirus, and herpes simplex virus...
October 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373406/interlamellar-autogenous-tarsal-graft-for-the-correction-of-lower-eyelid-trichiasis-associated-with-eyelid-margin-thinning
#7
Antonio A V Cruz, Cecilia Garcez, Ana Duarte, Patricia M S Akaishi
PURPOSE: To evaluate the use of autogenous tarsal graft for surgical correction of lower eyelid trichiasis associated with eyelid thinning. METHODS: A total of 23 eyelids of 19 consecutive patients with trichiasis were operated with a variant of the Van Millingen procedure. The surgery consisted of interposing a 3-mm high fragment of autogenous ipsilateral upper eyelid tarsus corresponding to the trichiasis segment between the pretarsal anterior lamella and the lower tarsal plate...
January 25, 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300517/re-outcomes-of-two-surgical-techniques-for-major-trichiasis-treatment
#8
Naser Owji
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 4, 2018: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251400/ophthalmic-examination-findings-and-intraocular-pressures-in-wild-caught-african-giant-pouched-rats-cricetomys-spp
#9
Amanda R Heller, Eric C Ledbetter, Bhupinder Singh, Danielle N Lee, Alexander G Ophir
PURPOSE: To report ophthalmic examination findings and intraocular pressures (IOPs) in wild-caught African giant pouched rats (Cricetomys ansorgei and gambianus) from Tanzania and Ghana. PROCEDURES: After being placed under general anesthesia for examination, slit-lamp biomicroscopy before and after pharmacologic mydriasis and indirect ophthalmoscopy was performed. Eyes were fluorescein stained and IOPs measured by rebound tonometry using the TonoVet® . RESULTS: Thirty-two sexually mature pouched rats (64 eyes) were examined, including 16 males and 16 females...
December 18, 2017: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232708/elimination-of-trachoma-as-a-public-health-problem-in-ghana-providing-evidence-through-a-pre-validation-survey
#10
Oscar Debrah, Ernest O Mensah, Laura Senyonjo, Dziedzom K de Souza, Tei E Hervie, David Agyemang, Didier Bakajika, Benjamin Marfo, Felix Ahorsu, Seth Wanye, Robin Bailey, Joseph B Koroma, Agatha Aboe, Nana-Kwadwo Biritwum
BACKGROUND: In order to achieve elimination of trachoma, a country needs to demonstrate that the elimination prevalence thresholds have been achieved and then sustained for at least a two-year period. Ghana achieved the thresholds in 2008, and since 2011 has been implementing its trachoma surveillance strategy, which includes community and school screening for signs of follicular trachoma and trichiasis, in trachoma-endemic districts. In 2015-2016, the country conducted a district level population-based survey to validate elimination of trachoma as a public health problem...
December 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198484/retroseptal-transconjunctival-approach-for-fractures-of-the-zygomaticomaxillary-complex-a-retrospective-study
#11
Rohit Sharma, Shailey Singh, Seema Patrikar
We designed a retrospective study to evaluate the efficacy of retroseptal transconjunctival approaches in the management of fractures of the zygomaticomaxillary complex (ZMC). The patients were from a single institution, and had had three-point fixation of fractures of the ZMC between 2008 and 2016. A total of 77 patients (56 men and 21 women with a mean (range) age of 28 (18-54) years), were divided into two groups. Group I (n=51) had had reduction and fixation of the infraorbital rim using a retroseptal transconjunctival approach...
January 2018: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181451/impact-of-trichiasis-surgery-on-daily-living-a-longitudinal-study-in-ethiopia
#12
Esmael Habtamu, Tariku Wondie, Sintayehu Aweke, Zerihun Tadesse, Mulat Zerihun, Berhanu Melak, Bizuayehu Gashaw, Kelly Callahan, Paul M Emerson, Robin L Bailey, David C W Mabey, Saul N Rajak, Hannah Kuper, Sarah Polack, David Macleod, Helen A Weiss, Matthew J Burton
Background: Trachomatous trichiasis (TT) may lead to disability, impeding productive activities, resulting in loss of income. This study was conducted to determine if trichiasis surgery improves participation in productive and leisure activities, and ability to perform activities without difficulty or assistance. Methods: We recruited 1000 adults with trichiasis (cases) and 200 comparison participants, matched to every fifth trichiasis case on age (+/- two years), sex and location. The 'Stylised Activity List' tool, developed for the World Bank Living Standard Measurement Survey, was adapted to collect data on activity in the last week (participation in activity, difficulty with activity, requirement of assistance for activity), at baseline and 12 months later...
2017: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162886/association-of-human-leukocyte-antigen-class-1-genes-with-stevens-johnson-syndrome-with-severe-ocular-complications-in-an-indian-population
#13
Chitra Kannabiran, Mayumi Ueta, Virender Sangwan, Varsha Rathi, Sayan Basu, Katsushi Tokunaga, Shigeru Kinoshita
Stevens Johnson syndrome (SJS) is part of a spectrum of adverse drug reactions resulting in the destruction of skin, mucous membranes, and the ocular surface. A similar, more severe form of the disorder included in this spectrum is toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN). Approximately 35% of patients suffer chronic sequelae such as vascularization, corneal scarring, conjunctival inversion to the cornea, keratinization, symblepharon, scarring of the palpebral conjunctiva, trichiasis, and severe dry eye. We focused on 80 Indian patients with SJS/TEN with severe ocular complications (SOC) and investigated the association of alleles at HLA -A, HLA-B and HLA-C loci; the controls were 50 healthy Indian volunteers...
November 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128682/randomized-double-masked-trial-of-eyelid-cleansing-treatments-for-blepharitis
#14
Justin Sung, Michael T M Wang, Sang H Lee, Isabella M Y Cheung, Salim Ismail, Trevor Sherwin, Jennifer P Craig
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of a dedicated eyelid cleanser and diluted baby shampoo in the management of blepharitis. METHODS: Forty-three participants with clinical blepharitis signs were enrolled in a prospective, randomized, double-masked, paired-eye trial. A dedicated eyelid cleanser (TheraTears® SteriLid® ) was applied to the eyelids of one eye (randomized) and diluted baby shampoo (Johnson's® No More Tears® ) to the fellow eye, twice daily for 4 weeks...
January 2018: Ocular Surface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066238/ocular-features-of-multiple-system-atrophy
#15
Maria D Garcia, Jose S Pulido, Elizabeth A Coon, John J Chen
The aim of this paper is to gain better understanding of the ocular manifestations of multiple system atrophy (MSA), a neurodegenerative disorder rarely studied in terms of its ophthalmologic features. We performed a retrospective case series (1/1/05-12/31/14) to search for patients seen at Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, who had mention of MSA in the medical record and an eye examination, which yielded 285 cases. Of the 285, we identified 39 cases of true MSA. Each of these 39 patients was further reviewed for ocular abnormalities potentially related to MSA...
January 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973295/surveillance-surveys-for-reemergent-trachoma-in-formerly-endemic-districts-in-nepal-from-2-to-10-years-after-mass-drug-administration-cessation
#16
MULTICENTER STUDY
Sheila K West, Andrea I Zambrano, Shekhar Sharma, Sailesh K Mishra, Beatriz E Muñoz, Laura Dize, Kathryn Crowley, Charlotte A Gaydos, Lisa A Rotondo
Importance: To verify districts for elimination of blinding trachoma, the World Health Organization requires a population-based surveillance survey for follicular trachoma (TF) and trachomatous trichiasis (TT) 2 years after mass drug administration (MDA) activities have ceased. However, it is unknown if 2 years provides enough time to discover reemergence. Objective: To determine the prevalence of trachoma from surveys among 4 districts in Nepal (Dailekh, Dang, Surkhet, and Kanchanpur) that had surveillance intervals of 2, 4, 8, and 10 years, respectively, after cessation of MDA...
November 1, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944479/temporal-horizontal-h-figure-sliding-skin-flap-for-central-eyelid-reconstructive-surgery-in-dogs-a-retrospective-study
#17
C Giordano, A Vercelli, G Barsotti
OBJECTIVE: To describe a modified H-figure sliding skin flap for treating eyelid central neoplasms and to evaluate the cosmetic and functional results of this reconstructive blepharoplasty. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eight dogs affected by eyelid neoplasia involving more than one-third of the central part of the margin underwent an en bloc rectangular surgical removal of the neoplasia. Reconstructive surgery was performed using a temporal horizontal H-figure sliding skin flap...
December 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910562/the-epidemiology-of-trachoma-in-mozambique-results-of-96-population-based-prevalence-surveys
#18
Mariamo Abdala, Carlos C Singano, Rebecca Willis, Colin K Macleod, Sharone Backers, Rebecca M Flueckiger, Anselmo Vilanculos, Dantew Terefe, Moises Houane, Fitsum Bikele, Amir Bedri Kello, Philip Downs, Zulquifla Bay, Laura Senyonjo, Anthony W Solomon
PURPOSE: Surveys are needed to guide trachoma control efforts in Mozambique, with WHO guidelines for intervention based on the prevalence of trachomatous inflammation-follicular (TF) in children aged 1-9 years and the prevalence of trichiasis in adults aged 15 years and above. We conducted surveys to complete the map of trachoma prevalence in Mozambique. METHODS: Between July 2012 and May 2015, we carried out cross-sectional surveys in 96 evaluation units (EUs) covering 137 districts...
September 14, 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898240/prevalence-of-signs-of-trachoma-ocular-chlamydia-trachomatis-infection-and-antibodies-to-pgp3-in-residents-of-kiritimati-island-kiribati
#19
Anaseini Cama, Andreas Müller, Raebwebwe Taoaba, Robert M R Butcher, Iakoba Itibita, Stephanie J Migchelsen, Tokoriri Kiauea, Harry Pickering, Rebecca Willis, Chrissy H Roberts, Ana Bakhtiari, Richard T Le Mesurier, Neal D E Alexander, Diana L Martin, Rabebe Tekeraoi, Anthony W Solomon
OBJECTIVE: In some Pacific Island countries, such as Solomon Islands and Fiji, active trachoma is common, but ocular Chlamydia trachomatis (Ct) infection and trachomatous trichiasis (TT) are rare. On Tarawa, the most populous Kiribati island, both the active trachoma sign "trachomatous inflammation-follicular" (TF) and TT are present at prevalences warranting intervention. We sought to estimate prevalences of TF, TT, ocular Ct infection, and anti-Ct antibodies on Kiritimati Island, Kiribati, to assess local relationships between these parameters, and to help determine the need for interventions against trachoma on Kiribati islands other than Tarawa...
September 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853982/outcomes-of-two-surgical-techniques-for-major-trichiasis-treatment
#20
Lucieni Cb Ferraz, Roberta Lrs Meneghim, Alicia Galindo-Ferreiro, Ana Cv Wanzeler, Michelli M Saruwatari, Larissa H Satto, Carlos R Padovani, Silvana A Schellini
The purpose of this article is to analyze the outcomes of two surgical techniques to treat major trichiasis. A retrospective chart review of 67 patients (89 eyelids) with major trichiasis was performed who underwent surgical treatment using one of two techniques: intermarginal split lamella with graft (ISLG group) or lid lamella resection (LLR group). There were 30 lids in the ISLG group with mean patient age of 71.8 years and 63.3% were females. There were 59 lids in the LLR group with mean patient age of 72...
February 2018: Orbit
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