keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

meningitis pediatric review

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814690/characteristics-and-outcomes-of-cryptococcal-meningitis-in-hiv-seronegative-children-in-beijing-china-2002-2013
#1
Ling-Yun Guo, Lin-Lin Liu, Yue Liu, Tian-Ming Chen, Shao-Ying Li, Yong-Hong Yang, Gang Liu
BACKGROUND: Data regarding HIV-seronegative pediatric patients with cryptococcal meningitis (CM) have been very limited. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed non-HIV-infected in patients with CM from January 2002 through December 2013 in Beijing Children's Hospital. Records of the all patients were obtained and compared. RESULTS: The 34 children had a median age of 5.6 years. Most of the patients were male (67.6 %). Only 23.5 % of the cases had identifiable underlying diseases...
November 4, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789117/acute-ataxia-in-children-a-review-of-the-differential-diagnosis-and-evaluation-in-the-emergency-department
#2
REVIEW
Mauro Caffarelli, Amir A Kimia, Alcy R Torres
Acute ataxia in a pediatric patient poses a diagnostic dilemma for any physician. While the most common etiologies are benign, occasional individuals require urgent intervention. Children with stroke, toxic ingestion, infection, and neuro-inflammatory disorders frequently exhibit ataxia as an essential-if not the only-presenting feature. The available retrospective research utilize inconsistent definitions of acute ataxia, precluding the ability to pool data from these studies. No prospective data exist that report on patients presenting to the emergency department with ataxia...
December 2016: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749655/epidemiology-of-late-and-very-late-onset-group-b-streptococcal-disease-15-year-experience-from-two-australian-tertiary-pediatric-facilities
#3
Adam W Bartlett, Ben Smith, C R Robert George, Brendan McMullan, Alison Kesson, Monica M Lahra, Dip Paed, Pamela Palasanthiran
BACKGROUND: Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is a recognized cause of sepsis and meningitis, particularly in infants. Early onset (<7 days) GBS disease has been well characterized, whereas the epidemiology of late onset disease (LOD, 7-89 days) and very late onset disease (VLOD, ≥90 days) is less well understood. The aims of this study were to assess risk factors, presentation, management, and outcome for GBS LOD and VLOD. METHODS: Microbiology laboratory databases and hospital diagnostic coding for Sydney Children's Hospital and the Children's Hospital at Westmead were investigated for patients ≥ 7 days of age diagnosed with GBS bloodstream infection or meningitis from 1st January 2000 to 31st December 2014 (15 years)...
October 3, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742172/the-scalp-hair-collar-and-tuft-signs-a-retrospective-multicenter-study-of-78-patients-with-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#4
Didier Bessis, Michèle Bigorre, Nausicaa Malissen, Guillaume Captier, Christine Chiaverini, Claire Abasq, Sébastien Barbarot, Olivia Boccara, Emmanuelle Bourrat, Hassan El Fertit, Catherine Eschard, Thomas Hubiche, Jean-Philippe Lacour, Nicolas Leboucq, Emmanuel Mahé, Stéphanie Mallet, Myriam Marque, Ludovic Martin, Juliette Mazereeuw-Hautier, Nathalie Milla, Alice Phan, Patrice Plantin, Marie-Christine Picot, Eve Puzenat, Valérie Rigau, Pierre Vabres, Sylvie Fraitag, Franck Boralevi
BACKGROUND: Hair collar sign (HCS) and hair tuft of the scalp (HTS) are cutaneous signs of an underlying neuroectodermal defect, but most available data are based on case reports. OBJECTIVE: We sought to define the clinical spectrum of HCS and HTS, clarify the risk for underlying neurovascular anomalies, and provide imaging recommendations. METHODS: A 10-year multicenter retrospective and prospective analysis of clinical, radiologic, and histopathologic features of HCS and HTS in pediatric patients was performed...
October 11, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27539773/frequency-and-outcome-of-meningitis-in-pediatric-intensive-care-unit-of-pakistan
#5
Amna Jawaid, Surriya Bano, Anwar Ul Haque, Khubaib Arif
Meningitis is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide in intensive care settings. The aim of this study was to assess the frequency and outcome in children with meningitis through a retrospective chart review done in pediatric intensive care unit of a tertiary care hospital from January 2000 to December 2014. During these 14 years, 64 patients were admitted with meningitis in pediatric intensive care unit. Out of 64, 36 were diagnosed with pyogenic meningitis, 18 patients with viral meningitis, and 10 with tuberculous meningitis...
August 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525348/naegleria-fowleri-diagnosis-pathophysiology-of-brain-inflammation-and-antimicrobial-treatments
#6
J Jeffrey Pugh, Rebecca A Levy
Primary amoebic meningoencephalitis (PAM) is a very rare disease with a high mortality rate. PAM is caused by Naegleria fowleri, an amoeba which resides in freshwater lakes and ponds and can survive in inadequately chlorinated pools ( Lopez, C.; Budge, P.; Chen, J., et al. Primary amebic meningoencephalitis: a case report and literature review . Pediatr. Emerg. Care 2012 , 28 , 272 - 276 ). In the past 50 years, there have been over 130 cases of Naegleria induced PAM in the United States with only three known survivors; one survivor was diagnosed and treated at Arkansas Children's Hospital...
September 21, 2016: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27452970/basiespinal-cerebrospinal-fluid-leak-as-a-complication-after-adenoidectomy-case-report-and-literature-review
#7
Ramón Moreno-Luna, Eugenio Cárdenas Ruiz-Valdepeñas, José Ignacio Tato, Monica Rivero-Garvia, Javier Márquez-Rivas, Antonio Mochón Martín
BACKGROUND: Adenoidectomy is one of the most common procedures in the field of pediatric otolaryngology. Postoperative bleeding is one of the most frequent complications (0.4%). In turn, cerebrospinal fluid fistula is a very uncommon but critical complication in this type of surgery. METHODS: We report the case of a 3-year-old patient who underwent adenoidectomy and presented a cerebrospinal fluid leak associated with pneumocephalus and meningitis. RESULTS: The solution provided was a suture in layers of the fistula tract, reinforced with basipharyngeal vascularized and rotation random flap of mucosa, and a free graft of muscle, through a transoral endoscopic approach...
September 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27452172/clinical-and-pathogenic-analysis-of-507-children-with-bacterial-meningitis-in-beijing-2010-2014
#8
Ling-Yun Guo, Zhi-Xiao Zhang, Xi Wang, Ping-Ping Zhang, Wei Shi, Kai-Hu Yao, Lin-Lin Liu, Gang Liu, Yong-Hong Yang
OBJECTIVES: To explore the clinical characteristics and analyze the pathogens of bacterial meningitis in children. METHODS: Bacterial meningitis cases occurring from January 2010 through December 2014 at Beijing Children's Hospital were reviewed retrospectively. The records of all patients, including data on clinical features and laboratory information, were obtained and analyzed. RESULTS: In total, the cases of 507 pediatric patients seen over a 5-year period were analyzed; 220 of these cases were etiologically confirmed...
September 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27439913/nras-q61k-mutated-primary-leptomeningeal-melanoma-in-a-child-case-presentation-and-discussion-on-clinical-and-diagnostic-implications
#9
Giulia Angelino, Maria Debora De Pasquale, Luigi De Sio, Annalisa Serra, Luca Massimi, Rita De Vito, Antonio Marrazzo, Laura Lancella, Andrea Carai, Manila Antonelli, Felice Giangaspero, Marco Gessi, Laura Menchini, Laura Scarciolla, Daniela Longo, Angela Mastronuzzi
BACKGROUND: Primary melanocytic neoplasms are rare in the pediatric age. Among them, the pattern of neoplastic meningitis represents a peculiar diagnostic challenge since neuroradiological features may be subtle and cerebrospinal fluid analysis may not be informative. Clinical misdiagnosis of neoplastic meningitis with tuberculous meningitis has been described in few pediatric cases, leading to a significant delay in appropriate management of patients. We describe the case of a child with primary leptomeningeal melanoma (LMM) that was initially misdiagnosed with tuberculous meningitis...
2016: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27315594/invasive-rothia-infections-in-children-with-acute-myeloid-leukemia-a-report-from-the-canadian-infections-in-aml-research-group
#10
Jane Y Wang, Josée Brossard, Sonia Cellot, David Dix, Jim Feusner, Donna L Johnston, Victor Lewis, David Mitchell, Carol Portwine, Victoria Price, Lillian Sung, Marie-Chantal Ethier, Biljana Gillmeister
Rothia spp. (previously termed Stomatococcus) are normal flora that can cause invasive infections in immunocompromised hosts. The objective of this study was to describe infection characteristics and outcomes of Rothia spp. infections in a large cohort of children with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML). This retrospective chart review is a subanalysis of a larger study in which the aim was to identify factors associated with infection in pediatric patients with AML. Only sterile site infections occurring during chemotherapy were included...
June 17, 2016: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27299367/neurological-manifestations-of-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-infection-in-hospitalized-children-and-their-long-term-follow-up
#11
Jessica Kammer, Stefan Ziesing, Lukas Aguirre Davila, Eva Bültmann, Sabine Illsinger, Anibh M Das, Dieter Haffner, Hans Hartmann
Objective In this retrospective study, we aimed to assess frequency, types, and long-term outcome of neurological disease during acute Mycoplasma pneumoniae (M. pneumoniae) infection in pediatric patients. Materials and Methods Medical records of patients hospitalized with acute M. pneumoniae infection were reviewed. Possible risk factors were analyzed by uni- and multivariate regression. Patients with neurological symptoms were followed up by expanded disability status score (EDSS) and the cognitive problems in children and adolescents (KOPKJ) scale...
October 2016: Neuropediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27276744/risk-factors-for-severe-enteroviral-infections-in-children
#12
Somchai Owatanapanich, Rochana Wutthanarungsan, Wipaporn Jaksupa, Usa Thisyakorn
OBJECTIVE: To study the risk factors associated with severe enterovirus infection among hospitalized pediatric patients with hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) at King Narai Hospital, Lopburi, Thailand. MATERIAL AND METHOD: We reviewed all of the suspected enterovirus infection cases aged less than 15 years admitted to King Narai Hospital between 2011 and 2013. Cases were classified into mild and severe enterovirus infection. Risk factors for severe enterovirus infection were analyzed using univariate and multivariate logistic regressions...
March 2016: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, Chotmaihet Thangphaet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27260608/systematic-review-and-case-report-intracranial-complications-of-pediatric-sinusitis
#13
REVIEW
Neha A Patel, David Garber, Shirley Hu, Ameet Kamat
CONTEXT: Intracranial complications of rhinosinusitis are rare in the post-antibiotic era. However, due to potentially devastating outcomes, prompt recognition and management are essential. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to perform the first systematic review of the intracranial complications of rhinosinusitis in order to better characterize their clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment, and report a case of frontal lobe empyema secondary to pediatric frontoethmoid sinusitis...
July 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27260578/overview-of-a-public-health-approach-to-pediatric-hearing-impairment-in-the-pacific-islands
#14
REVIEW
Annette Kaspar, Joseph Kei, Carlie Driscoll, De Wet Swanepoel, Helen Goulios
BACKGROUND: Childhood hearing impairment is a significant cause of disability in developing countries. Otitis media and meningitis are leading infectious causes of preventable hearing loss in children. It is estimated that the Pacific Islands have among the greatest global burden of childhood hearing impairment due to infectious causes, and yet there is currently very little in the research literature on pediatric hearing disorders in this region. OBJECTIVES: (1) To review existing research literature on pediatric hearing impairment in the Pacific Islands, and (2) to present a public health approach to the development and improvement of childhood hearing services in the Pacific Islands...
July 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27195031/outcome-of-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-surgery-without-prior-placement-of-external-ventricular-drain-in-grades-iii-and-iv-patients-of-tubercular-meningitis-with-hydrocephalus-a-single-institution-s-experience-in-the-pediatric-population-and-review-of-literature
#15
Vivek Kumar Kankane, Tarun Kumar Gupta, Gaurav Jaiswal
OBJECTIVE: Hydrocephalus is a most common complication of tubercular meningitis (TBM). Relieving hydrocephalus by ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) placement has been considered beneficial in patient in Palur Grades II or III. The role of VPS placement in those of Grades III and IV is controversial, and general tendency is to avoid its use. Some authors have suggested that patient in Grades III and IV should receive a shunt only if their condition improves with a trial placement of external ventricular drain (EVD)...
January 2016: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27088221/endoscopic-re-opening-of-third-ventriculostomy-case-series-and-review-of-literature
#16
Inês Moreira, Josué Pereira, Joana Oliveira, Sérgio F Salvador, Rui Vaz
OBJECTIVES: Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) emerged as an effective alternative to shunting devices in patients with obstructive hydrocephalus. When ETV fails, neurosurgeons must choose between applying a shunting device or performing a repeat ETV (re-ETV) and attempt a shunt independent outcome. In this series, clinical, surgical and follow-up data from six patients who underwent a second ETV were reviewed. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 2005 and June 2015, six patients underwent re-ETV, with four being children...
June 2016: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27051240/neurologic-manifestations-of-enterovirus-71-infection-in-korea
#17
Kyung Yeon Lee, Myoung Sook Lee, Dong Bin Kim
Enterovirus 71 frequently involves the central nervous system and may present with a variety of neurologic manifestations. Here, we aimed to describe the clinical features, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings, and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) profiles of patients presenting with neurologic complications of enterovirus 71 infection. We retrospectively reviewed the records of 31 pediatric patients hospitalized with acute neurologic manifestations accompanied by confirmed enterovirus 71 infection at Ulsan University Hospital between 2010 and 2014...
April 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27025833/identifying-meningitis-during-an-anthrax-mass-casualty-incident-systematic-review-of-systemic-anthrax-since-1880
#18
Stefan Katharios-Lanwermeyer, Jon-Erik Holty, Marissa Person, James Sejvar, Dana Haberling, Heather Tubbs, Dana Meaney-Delman, Satish K Pillai, Nathaniel Hupert, William A Bower, Katherine Hendricks
BACKGROUND: Bacillus anthracis, the causative agent of anthrax, is a potential bioterrorism agent. Anthrax meningitis is a common manifestation of B. anthracis infection, has high mortality, and requires more aggressive treatment than anthrax without meningitis. Its rapid identification and treatment are essential for successful management of an anthrax mass casualty incident. METHODS: Three hundred six published reports from 1880 through 2013 met predefined inclusion criteria...
June 15, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27006453/arterial-tortuosity-an-imaging-biomarker-of-childhood-stroke-pathogenesis
#19
Felix Wei, Karl T Diedrich, Heather J Fullerton, Gabrielle deVeber, Max Wintermark, Jacquie Hodge, Adam Kirton
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Arteriopathy is the leading cause of childhood arterial ischemic stroke. Mechanisms are poorly understood but may include inherent abnormalities of arterial structure. Extracranial dissection is associated with connective tissue disorders in adult stroke. Focal cerebral arteriopathy is a common syndrome where pathophysiology is unknown but may include intracranial dissection or transient cerebral arteriopathy. We aimed to quantify cerebral arterial tortuosity in childhood arterial ischemic stroke, hypothesizing increased tortuosity in dissection...
May 2016: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26997927/a-review-of-pneumococcal-vaccines-current-polysaccharide-vaccine-recommendations-and-future-protein-antigens
#20
REVIEW
Calvin C Daniels, P David Rogers, Chasity M Shelton
This review describes development of currently available pneumococcal vaccines, provides summary tables of current pneumococcal vaccine recommendations in children and adults, and describes new potential vaccine antigens in the pipeline. Streptococcus pneumoniae, the bacteria responsible for pneumonia, otitis media, meningitis and bacteremia, remains a cause of morbidity and mortality in both children and adults. Introductions of unconjugated and conjugated pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccines have each reduced the rate of pneumococcal infections caused by the organism S...
January 2016: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
keyword
keyword
101692
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"