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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150856/defining-sepsis-on-the-wards-results-of-a-multi-centre-point-prevalence-study-comparing-two-sepsis-definitions
#1
T Szakmany, R Pugh, M Kopczynska, R M Lundin, B Sharif, P Morgan, G Ellis, J Abreu, S Kulikouskaya, K Bashir, L Galloway, H Al-Hassan, T Grother, P McNulty, S T Seal, A Cains, M Vreugdenhil, M Abdimalik, N Dennehey, G Evans, J Whitaker, E Beasant, C Hall, M Lazarou, C V Vanderpump, K Harding, L Duffy, A Guerrier Sadler, R Keeling, C Banks, S W Y Ng, S Y Heng, D Thomas, E W Puw, I Otahal, C Battle, O Minik, R A Lyons, J E Hall
Our aim was to prospectively determine the predictive capabilities of SEPSIS-1 and SEPSIS-3 definitions in the emergency departments and general wards. Patients with National Early Warning Score (NEWS) of 3 or above and suspected or proven infection were enrolled over a 24-h period in 13 Welsh hospitals. The primary outcome measure was mortality within 30 days. Out of the 5422 patients screened, 431 fulfilled inclusion criteria and 380 (88%) were recruited. Using the SEPSIS-1 definition, 212 patients had sepsis...
November 17, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147750/the-association-between-childhood-fractures-and-adolescence-bone-outcomes-a-population-based-study-the-troms%C3%A3-study-fit-futures
#2
T Christoffersen, N Emaus, E Dennison, A-S Furberg, L Gracia-Marco, G Grimnes, O A Nilsen, D Vlachopoulos, A Winther, L A Ahmed
Childhood fracture may predict persistent skeletal fragility, but it may also reflect high physical activity which is beneficial to bone development. We observe a difference in the relationship between previous fracture and bone outcome across physical activity level and sex. Further elaboration on this variation is needed. PURPOSE: Childhood fracture may be an early marker of skeletal fragility, or increased levels of physical activity (PA), which are beneficial for bone mineral accrual...
November 16, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146854/complete-genomic-sequences-of-two-salmonella-enterica-subsp-enterica-serogroup-c2-o-6-8-strains-from-central-california
#3
Lisa Gorski, Steven Huynh, Kerry K Cooper, Craig T Parker
Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica strains RM11060, serotype 6,8:d:-, and RM11065, serotype 6,8:-:e,n,z15, were isolated from environmental samples collected in central California in 2009. We report the complete genome sequences of these two strains. These genomic sequences are distinct and will provide additional data to our understanding of S. enterica genomics.
November 16, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146808/extended-gamma-ray-sources-around-pulsars-constrain-the-origin-of-the-positron-flux-at-earth
#4
A U Abeysekara, A Albert, R Alfaro, C Alvarez, J D Álvarez, R Arceo, J C Arteaga-Velázquez, D Avila Rojas, H A Ayala Solares, A S Barber, N Bautista-Elivar, A Becerril, E Belmont-Moreno, S Y BenZvi, D Berley, A Bernal, J Braun, C Brisbois, K S Caballero-Mora, T Capistrán, A Carramiñana, S Casanova, M Castillo, U Cotti, J Cotzomi, S Coutiño de León, C De León, E De la Fuente, B L Dingus, M A DuVernois, J C Díaz-Vélez, R W Ellsworth, K Engel, O Enríquez-Rivera, D W Fiorino, N Fraija, J A García-González, F Garfias, M Gerhardt, A González Muñoz, M M González, J A Goodman, Z Hampel-Arias, J P Harding, S Hernández, A Hernández-Almada, J Hinton, B Hona, C M Hui, P Hüntemeyer, A Iriarte, A Jardin-Blicq, V Joshi, S Kaufmann, D Kieda, A Lara, R J Lauer, W H Lee, D Lennarz, H León Vargas, J T Linnemann, A L Longinotti, G Luis Raya, R Luna-García, R López-Coto, K Malone, S S Marinelli, O Martinez, I Martinez-Castellanos, J Martínez-Castro, H Martínez-Huerta, J A Matthews, P Miranda-Romagnoli, E Moreno, M Mostafá, L Nellen, M Newbold, M U Nisa, R Noriega-Papaqui, R Pelayo, J Pretz, E G Pérez-Pérez, Z Ren, C D Rho, C Rivière, D Rosa-González, M Rosenberg, E Ruiz-Velasco, H Salazar, F Salesa Greus, A Sandoval, M Schneider, H Schoorlemmer, G Sinnis, A J Smith, R W Springer, P Surajbali, I Taboada, O Tibolla, K Tollefson, I Torres, T N Ukwatta, G Vianello, T Weisgarber, S Westerhoff, I G Wisher, J Wood, T Yapici, G Yodh, P W Younk, A Zepeda, H Zhou, F Guo, J Hahn, H Li, H Zhang
The unexpectedly high flux of cosmic-ray positrons detected at Earth may originate from nearby astrophysical sources, dark matter, or unknown processes of cosmic-ray secondary production. We report the detection, using the High-Altitude Water Cherenkov Observatory (HAWC), of extended tera-electron volt gamma-ray emission coincident with the locations of two nearby middle-aged pulsars (Geminga and PSR B0656+14). The HAWC observations demonstrate that these pulsars are indeed local sources of accelerated leptons, but the measured tera-electron volt emission profile constrains the diffusion of particles away from these sources to be much slower than previously assumed...
November 17, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144937/re-comparison-of-croes-s-t-o-n-e-and-guy-s-scoring-systems-for-the-prediction-of-stone-free-status-and-complication-rates-following-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#5
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138423/the-photocycle-of-orange-carotenoid-protein-conceals-distinct-intermediates-and-asynchronous-changes-in-the-carotenoid-and-protein-components
#6
E G Maksimov, N N Sluchanko, Y B Slonimskiy, E A Slutskaya, A V Stepanov, A M Argentova-Stevens, E A Shirshin, G V Tsoraev, K E Klementiev, O V Slatinskaya, E P Lukashev, T Friedrich, V Z Paschenko, A B Rubin
The 35-kDa Orange Carotenoid Protein (OCP) is responsible for photoprotection in cyanobacteria. It acts as a light intensity sensor and efficient quencher of phycobilisome excitation. Photoactivation triggers large-scale conformational rearrangements to convert OCP from the orange OCP(O) state to the red active signaling state, OCP(R), as demonstrated by various structural methods. Such rearrangements imply a complete, yet reversible separation of structural domains and translocation of the carotenoid. Recently, dynamic crystallography of OCP(O) suggested the existence of photocycle intermediates with small-scale rearrangements that may trigger further transitions...
November 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123117/a-glimpse-of-gluons-through-deeply-virtual-compton-scattering-on-the-proton
#7
M Defurne, A Martí Jiménez-Argüello, Z Ahmed, H Albataineh, K Allada, K A Aniol, V Bellini, M Benali, W Boeglin, P Bertin, M Brossard, A Camsonne, M Canan, S Chandavar, C Chen, J-P Chen, C W de Jager, R de Leo, C Desnault, A Deur, L El Fassi, R Ent, D Flay, M Friend, E Fuchey, S Frullani, F Garibaldi, D Gaskell, A Giusa, O Glamazdin, S Golge, J Gomez, O Hansen, D Higinbotham, T Holmstrom, T Horn, J Huang, M Huang, C E Hyde, S Iqbal, F Itard, H Kang, A Kelleher, C Keppel, S Koirala, I Korover, J J LeRose, R Lindgren, E Long, M Magne, J Mammei, D J Margaziotis, P Markowitz, M Mazouz, F Meddi, D Meekins, R Michaels, M Mihovilovic, C Muñoz Camacho, P Nadel-Turonski, N Nuruzzaman, R Paremuzyan, A Puckett, V Punjabi, Y Qiang, A Rakhman, M N H Rashad, S Riordan, J Roche, G Russo, F Sabatié, K Saenboonruang, A Saha, B Sawatzky, L Selvy, A Shahinyan, S Sirca, P Solvignon, M L Sperduto, R Subedi, V Sulkosky, C Sutera, W A Tobias, G M Urciuoli, D Wang, B Wojtsekhowski, H Yao, Z Ye, X Zhan, J Zhang, B Zhao, Z Zhao, X Zheng, P Zhu
The internal structure of nucleons (protons and neutrons) remains one of the greatest outstanding problems in modern nuclear physics. By scattering high-energy electrons off a proton we are able to resolve its fundamental constituents and probe their momenta and positions. Here we investigate the dynamics of quarks and gluons inside nucleons using deeply virtual Compton scattering (DVCS)-a highly virtual photon scatters off the proton, which subsequently radiates a photon. DVCS interferes with the Bethe-Heitler (BH) process, where the photon is emitted by the electron rather than the proton...
November 10, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121595/from-the-psychosis-prodrome-to-the-first-episode-of-psychosis-no-evidence-of-a-cognitive-decline
#8
Ricardo E Carrión, Deborah J Walder, Andrea M Auther, Danielle McLaughlin, Heather O Zyla, Steven Adelsheim, Roderick Calkins, Cameron S Carter, Bentson McFarland, Ryan Melton, Tara Niendam, J Daniel Ragland, Tamara G Sale, Stephan F Taylor, William R McFarlane, Barbara A Cornblatt
Cognitive deficits have an important role in the neurodevelopment of schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders. However, there is a continuing debate as to whether cognitive impairments in the psychosis prodrome are stable predictors of eventual psychosis or undergo a decline due to the onset of psychosis. In the present study, to determine how cognition changes as illness emerges, we examined baseline neurocognitive performance in a large sample of helping-seeking youth ranging in clinical state from low-risk for psychosis through individuals at clinical high-risk (CHR) for illness to early first-episode patients (EFEP)...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116072/-treatment-with-anti-cancer-agents-results-in-profound-changes-in-lncrna-expression-in-colon-cancer-cells
#9
O L Zinovieva, E N Grineva, M M Prokofjeva, D S Karpov, G S Krasnov, V S Prassolov, T D Mashkova, N A Lisitsyn
Using real-time RT-PCR in combination with bioinformatics, we have shown for the first time that the treatment of HCT-116 and HT-29 colon cancer cells with two anti-cancer agents (doxycycline or 3,3'-diindolylmethane) results in profound changes in the intracellular content of several lncRNAs (by up to 100 times). Since many of these RNAs are secreted by tumors into the bloodstream, the obtained results provide a basis for developing more sensitive protocols for serological monitoring of tumor relapse and metastasis, as well as for search of new anti-cancer drugs...
September 2017: Molekuliarnaia Biologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107648/corrigendum-to-european-contribution-to-the-study-of-ros-a-summary-of-the-findings-and-prospects-for-the-future-from-the-cost-action-bm1203-eu-ros-redox-biol-13-2017-94-162
#10
J Egea, I Fabregat, Y M Frapart, P Ghezzi, A Görlach, T Kietzmann, K Kubaichuk, U G Knaus, M G Lopez, G Olaso-Gonzalez, A Petry, R Schulz, J Vina, P Winyard, K Abbas, O S Ademowo, C B Afonso, I Andreadou, H Antelmann, F Antunes, M Aslan, M M Bachschmid, R M Barbosa, V Belousov, C Berndt, D Bernlohr, E Bertrán, A Bindoli, S P Bottari, P M Brito, G Carrara, A I Casas, A Chatzi, N Chondrogianni, M Conrad, M S Cooke, J G Costa, A Cuadrado, P My-Chan Dang, B De Smet, B Debelec-Butuner, I H K Dias, J D Dunn, A J Edson, M El Assar, J El-Benna, P Ferdinandy, A S Fernandes, K E Fladmark, U Förstermann, R Giniatullin, Z Giricz, A Görbe, H Griffiths, V Hampl, A Hanf, J Herget, P Hernansanz-Agustín, M Hillion, J Huang, S Ilikay, P Jansen-Dürr, V Jaquet, J A Joles, B Kalyanaraman, D Kaminskyy, M Karbaschi, M Kleanthous, L O Klotz, B Korac, K S Korkmaz, R Koziel, D Kračun, K H Krause, V Křen, T Krieg, J Laranjinha, A Lazou, H Li, A Martínez-Ruiz, R Matsui, G J McBean, S P Meredith, J Messens, V Miguel, Y Mikhed, I Milisav, L Milković, A Miranda-Vizuete, M Mojović, M Monsalve, P A Mouthuy, J Mulvey, T Münzel, V Muzykantov, I T N Nguyen, M Oelze, N G Oliveira, C M Palmeira, N Papaevgeniou, A Pavićević, B Pedre, F Peyrot, M Phylactides, G G Pircalabioru, A R Pitt, H E Poulsen, I Prieto, M P Rigobello, N Robledinos-Antón, L Rodríguez-Mañas, A P Rolo, F Rousset, T Ruskovska, N Saraiva, S Sasson, K Schröder, K Semen, T Seredenina, A Shakirzyanova, G L Smith, T Soldati, B C Sousa, C M Spickett, A Stancic, M J Stasia, H Steinbrenner, V Stepanić, S Steven, K Tokatlidis, E Tuncay, B Turan, F Ursini, J Vacek, O Vajnerova, K Valentová, F Van Breusegem, L Varisli, E A Veal, A S Yalçın, O Yelisyeyeva, N Žarković, M Zatloukalová, J Zielonka, R M Touyz, A Papapetropoulos, T Grune, S Lamas, H H H W Schmidt, F Di Lisa, A Daiber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 26, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107032/the-effect-of-continued-low-dose-aspirin-therapy-in-patients-undergoing-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy
#11
Brandon J Otto, Russell S Terry, Forat G Lutfi, Jamil Syed, Harold C Hamann, Mohit Gupta, Vincent G Bird
PURPOSE: Aspirin is often stopped prior to percutaneous nephrolithotomy over concern for surgical bleeding risk. There is evidence that discontinuing ASA perioperatively increases thromboembolic events and that continuing it may be safe. We sought to assess the effect of low-dose ASA continuation through PCNL and its effect on surgical and safety outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 285 consecutive PCNLs between 2012-2015 at our institution...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105286/strategies-to-manage-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-disease-burden-volume-4
#12
D S Chen, W Hamoudi, B Mustapha, J Layden, A Nersesov, T Reic, V Garcia, C Rios, L Mateva, O Njoya, S A Al-Busafi, M K Abdelmageed, M Abdulla, D Adda, O Akin, A Al Baqali, N Al Dweik, K Al Ejji, I Al Ghazzawi, S Al Kaabi, K Al Naamani, J Al Qamish, M Al Sadadi, J Al Salman, M AlBadri, H E Al-Romaihi, W Ampofo, K Antonov, C Anyaike, F Arome, A Bane, S Blach, M M Borodo, S M Brandon, B Bright, M T Butt, I Cardenas, H L Y Chan, C J Chen, P J Chen, R N Chien, W L Chuang, D Cuellar, M Derbala, A A Elbardiny, C Estes, E Farag, J Fung, I Gamkrelidze, J Genov, Z Ghandour, M Ghuloom, B Gomez, J Gunter, J Habeeb, O Hajelssedig, S M Himatt, I Hrstic, C C Hu, C F Huang, Y T Hui, R Jahis, D Jelev, A K John, K S Kaliaskarova, Y Kamel, J H Kao, J Khamis, H Khattabi, I Khoudri, A Konysbekova, I Kotzev, M S Lai, W C Lao, M H Lee, O Lesi, M Li, A Lo, C K Loo, B Lukšić, A Maaroufi, A O Malu, R Mitova, R Mohamed, M Morović, K Murphy, H Nde, E Ngige, R Njouom, D Nonković, S Obekpa, S Oguche, E E Okolo, O Omede, C Omuemu, P Ondoa, O Opare-Sem, S Owusu-Ofori, R O Phillips, Y N Prokopenko, H Razavi, D Razavi-Shearer, K Razavi-Shearer, B Redae, T Rinke de Wit, S Robbins, L R Roberts, S J Sanad, M Sharma, M Simonova, T H Su, K Sultan, S S Tan, K Tchernev, O T Y Tsang, S Tsang, C Tzeuton, S Ugoeze, B Uzochukwu, R Vi, A Vince, H U Wani, V W S Wong, A Workneh, R Yacoub, K I Yesmembetov, M Youbi, M F Yuen, J D Schmelzer
The hepatitis C virus (HCV) epidemic was forecasted through 2030 for 17 countries in Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America and the Middle East, and interventions for achieving the Global Health Sector Strategy on viral hepatitis targets-"WHO Targets" (65% reduction in HCV-related deaths, 90% reduction in new infections and 90% of infections diagnosed by 2030) were considered. Scaling up treatment and diagnosis rates over time would be required to achieve these targets in all but one country, even with the introduction of high SVR therapies...
October 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105285/historical-epidemiology-of-hepatitis-c-virus-in-select-countries-volume-4
#13
A Maaroufi, A Vince, S M Himatt, R Mohamed, J Fung, O Opare-Sem, A Workneh, R Njouom, I Al Ghazzawi, M Abdulla, K S Kaliaskarova, S Owusu-Ofori, M K Abdelmageed, D Adda, O Akin, A Al Baqali, N Al Dweik, K Al Ejji, S Al Kaabi, K Al Naamani, J Al Qamish, M Al Sadadi, J Al Salman, M AlBadri, S A Al-Busafi, H E Al-Romaihi, W Ampofo, K Antonov, C Anyaike, F Arome, A Bane, S Blach, M M Borodo, S M Brandon, B Bright, M T Butt, I Cardenas, H L Y Chan, C J Chen, D S Chen, P J Chen, R N Chien, W L Chuang, D Cuellar, M Derbala, A A Elbardiny, C Estes, E Farag, I Gamkrelidze, V Garcia, J Genov, Z Ghandour, M Ghuloom, B Gomez, J Gunter, J Habeeb, O Hajelssedig, W Hamoudi, I Hrstic, C C Hu, C F Huang, Y T Hui, R Jahis, D Jelev, A K John, Y Kamel, J H Kao, J Khamis, H Khattabi, I Khoudri, A Konysbekova, I Kotzev, M S Lai, W C Lao, J Layden, M H Lee, O Lesi, M Li, A Lo, C K Loo, B Lukšić, A O Malu, L Mateva, R Mitova, M Morović, K Murphy, B Mustapha, H Nde, A Nersesov, E Ngige, O Njoya, D Nonković, S Obekpa, S Oguche, E E Okolo, O Omede, C Omuemu, P Ondoa, R O Phillips, Y N Prokopenko, H Razavi, D Razavi-Shearer, B Redae, T Reic, T Rinke de Wit, C Rios, S Robbins, L R Roberts, S J Sanad, J D Schmelzer, M Sharma, M Simonova, T H Su, K Sultan, S S Tan, K Tchernev, O T Y Tsang, S Tsang, C Tzeuton, S Ugoeze, B Uzochukwu, R Vi, H U Wani, V W S Wong, R Yacoub, K I Yesmembetov, M Youbi, M F Yuen, K Razavi-Shearer
Due to the introduction of newer, more efficacious treatment options, there is a pressing need for policy makers and public health officials to develop or adapt national hepatitis C virus (HCV) control strategies to the changing epidemiological landscape. To do so, detailed, country-specific data are needed to characterize the burden of chronic HCV infection. In this study of 17 countries, a literature review of published and unpublished data on HCV prevalence, viraemia, genotype, age and gender distribution, liver transplants and diagnosis and treatment rates was conducted, and inputs were validated by expert consensus in each country...
October 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105283/the-present-and-future-disease-burden-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infections-with-today-s-treatment-paradigm-volume-4
#14
H L Y Chan, C J Chen, O Omede, J Al Qamish, K Al Naamani, A Bane, S S Tan, M Simonova, I Cardenas, M Derbala, O Akin, R O Phillips, M K Abdelmageed, M Abdulla, D Adda, A Al Baqali, N Al Dweik, K Al Ejji, I Al Ghazzawi, S Al Kaabi, M Al Sadadi, J Al Salman, M AlBadri, S A Al-Busafi, H E Al-Romaihi, W Ampofo, K Antonov, C Anyaike, F Arome, S Blach, M M Borodo, S M Brandon, B Bright, M T Butt, D S Chen, P J Chen, R N Chien, W L Chuang, D Cuellar, A A Elbardiny, C Estes, E Farag, J Fung, I Gamkrelidze, V Garcia, J Genov, Z Ghandour, M Ghuloom, B Gomez, J Gunter, J Habeeb, O Hajelssedig, W Hamoudi, S M Himatt, I Hrstic, C C Hu, C F Huang, Y T Hui, R Jahis, D Jelev, A K John, K S Kaliaskarova, Y Kamel, J H Kao, J Khamis, H Khattabi, I Khoudri, A Konysbekova, I Kotzev, M S Lai, W C Lao, J Layden, M H Lee, O Lesi, M Li, A Lo, C K Loo, B Lukšić, A Maaroufi, A O Malu, L Mateva, R Mitova, R Mohamed, M Morović, K Murphy, B Mustapha, A Nersesov, E Ngige, R Njouom, O Njoya, D Nonković, S Obekpa, S Oguche, E E Okolo, C Omuemu, P Ondoa, O Opare-Sem, S Owusu-Ofori, Y N Prokopenko, H Razavi, D Razavi-Shearer, K Razavi-Shearer, B Redae, T Reic, T Rinke de Wit, C Rios, S Robbins, L R Roberts, S J Sanad, J D Schmelzer, M Sharma, T H Su, K Sultan, K Tchernev, O T Y Tsang, S Tsang, C Tzeuton, S Ugoeze, B Uzochukwu, R Vi, A Vince, H U Wani, V W S Wong, A Workneh, R Yacoub, K I Yesmembetov, M Youbi, M F Yuen, H Nde
Factors influencing the morbidity and mortality associated with viremic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection change over time and place, making it difficult to compare reported estimates. Models were developed for 17 countries (Bahrain, Bulgaria, Cameroon, Colombia, Croatia, Dominican Republic, Ethiopia, Ghana, Hong Kong, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Morocco, Nigeria, Qatar and Taiwan) to quantify and characterize the viremic population as well as forecast the changes in the infected population and the corresponding disease burden from 2015 to 2030...
October 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103479/is-breast-magnetic-resonance-imaging-mri-useful-for-diagnosis-of-additional-sites-of-disease-in-patients-recently-diagnosed-with-pure-ductal-carcinoma-in-situ-dcis
#15
A P Benveniste, T Ortiz-Perez, L O Ebuoma, K A Sepulveda, F J Severs, A Roark, T Wang, E L Sedgwick
PURPOSE: To determine if breast MRI is useful for detecting additional or invasive sites of disease in patients initially diagnosed with pure DCIS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of women diagnosed with pure DCIS who underwent a breast MRI for evaluation of extent of disease was performed at a single institution from January 2013 to April 2015. Data analysis included imaging (mammography, ultrasound and MRI) and pathology characteristics (histology and biomarker status) of the primary DCIS as well as descriptors for the additional sites of disease incidentally found by breast MRI...
November 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099225/gw170817-observation-of-gravitational-waves-from-a-binary-neutron-star-inspiral
#16
B P Abbott, R Abbott, T D Abbott, F Acernese, K Ackley, C Adams, T Adams, P Addesso, R X Adhikari, V B Adya, C Affeldt, M Afrough, B Agarwal, M Agathos, K Agatsuma, N Aggarwal, O D Aguiar, L Aiello, A Ain, P Ajith, B Allen, G Allen, A Allocca, P A Altin, A Amato, A Ananyeva, S B Anderson, W G Anderson, S V Angelova, S Antier, S Appert, K Arai, M C Araya, J S Areeda, N Arnaud, K G Arun, S Ascenzi, G Ashton, M Ast, S M Aston, P Astone, D V Atallah, P Aufmuth, C Aulbert, K AultONeal, C Austin, A Avila-Alvarez, S Babak, P Bacon, M K M Bader, S Bae, M Bailes, P T Baker, F Baldaccini, G Ballardin, S W Ballmer, S Banagiri, J C Barayoga, S E Barclay, B C Barish, D Barker, K Barkett, F Barone, B Barr, L Barsotti, M Barsuglia, D Barta, S D Barthelmy, J Bartlett, I Bartos, R Bassiri, A Basti, J C Batch, M Bawaj, J C Bayley, M Bazzan, B Bécsy, C Beer, M Bejger, I Belahcene, A S Bell, B K Berger, G Bergmann, S Bernuzzi, J J Bero, C P L Berry, D Bersanetti, A Bertolini, J Betzwieser, S Bhagwat, R Bhandare, I A Bilenko, G Billingsley, C R Billman, J Birch, R Birney, O Birnholtz, S Biscans, S Biscoveanu, A Bisht, M Bitossi, C Biwer, M A Bizouard, J K Blackburn, J Blackman, C D Blair, D G Blair, R M Blair, S Bloemen, O Bock, N Bode, M Boer, G Bogaert, A Bohe, F Bondu, E Bonilla, R Bonnand, B A Boom, R Bork, V Boschi, S Bose, K Bossie, Y Bouffanais, A Bozzi, C Bradaschia, P R Brady, M Branchesi, J E Brau, T Briant, A Brillet, M Brinkmann, V Brisson, P Brockill, J E Broida, A F Brooks, D A Brown, D D Brown, S Brunett, C C Buchanan, A Buikema, T Bulik, H J Bulten, A Buonanno, D Buskulic, C Buy, R L Byer, M Cabero, L Cadonati, G Cagnoli, C Cahillane, J Calderón Bustillo, T A Callister, E Calloni, J B Camp, M Canepa, P Canizares, K C Cannon, H Cao, J Cao, C D Capano, E Capocasa, F Carbognani, S Caride, M F Carney, G Carullo, J Casanueva Diaz, C Casentini, S Caudill, M Cavaglià, F Cavalier, R Cavalieri, G Cella, C B Cepeda, P Cerdá-Durán, G Cerretani, E Cesarini, S J Chamberlin, M Chan, 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Forsyth, J-D Fournier, S Frasca, F Frasconi, Z Frei, A Freise, R Frey, V Frey, E M Fries, P Fritschel, V V Frolov, P Fulda, M Fyffe, H Gabbard, B U Gadre, S M Gaebel, J R Gair, L Gammaitoni, M R Ganija, S G Gaonkar, C Garcia-Quiros, F Garufi, B Gateley, S Gaudio, G Gaur, V Gayathri, N Gehrels, G Gemme, E Genin, A Gennai, D George, J George, L Gergely, V Germain, S Ghonge, Abhirup Ghosh, Archisman Ghosh, S Ghosh, J A Giaime, K D Giardina, A Giazotto, K Gill, L Glover, E Goetz, R Goetz, S Gomes, B Goncharov, G González, J M Gonzalez Castro, A Gopakumar, M L Gorodetsky, S E Gossan, M Gosselin, R Gouaty, A Grado, C Graef, M Granata, A Grant, S Gras, C Gray, G Greco, A C Green, E M Gretarsson, P Groot, H Grote, S Grunewald, P Gruning, G M Guidi, X Guo, A Gupta, M K Gupta, K E Gushwa, E K Gustafson, R Gustafson, O Halim, B R Hall, E D Hall, E Z Hamilton, G Hammond, M Haney, M M Hanke, J Hanks, C Hanna, M D Hannam, O A Hannuksela, J Hanson, T Hardwick, J Harms, G M Harry, I W Harry, M J Hart, C-J Haster, K Haughian, J Healy, A Heidmann, M C Heintze, H Heitmann, P Hello, G Hemming, M Hendry, I S Heng, J Hennig, A W Heptonstall, M Heurs, S Hild, T Hinderer, W C G Ho, D Hoak, D Hofman, K Holt, D E Holz, P Hopkins, C Horst, J Hough, E A Houston, E J Howell, A Hreibi, Y M Hu, E A Huerta, D Huet, B Hughey, S Husa, S H Huttner, T Huynh-Dinh, N Indik, R Inta, G Intini, H N Isa, J-M Isac, M Isi, B R Iyer, K Izumi, T Jacqmin, K Jani, P Jaranowski, S Jawahar, F Jiménez-Forteza, W W Johnson, N K Johnson-McDaniel, D I Jones, R Jones, R J G Jonker, L Ju, J Junker, C V Kalaghatgi, V Kalogera, B Kamai, S Kandhasamy, G Kang, J B Kanner, S J Kapadia, S Karki, K S Karvinen, M Kasprzack, W Kastaun, M Katolik, E Katsavounidis, W Katzman, S Kaufer, K Kawabe, F Kéfélian, D Keitel, A J Kemball, R Kennedy, C Kent, J S Key, F Y Khalili, I Khan, S Khan, Z Khan, E A Khazanov, N Kijbunchoo, Chunglee Kim, J C Kim, K Kim, W Kim, W S Kim, Y-M Kim, S J Kimbrell, E J King, P J King, M Kinley-Hanlon, R Kirchhoff, J S Kissel, L Kleybolte, S Klimenko, T D Knowles, P Koch, S M Koehlenbeck, S Koley, V Kondrashov, A Kontos, M Korobko, W Z Korth, I Kowalska, D B Kozak, C Krämer, V Kringel, B Krishnan, A Królak, G Kuehn, P Kumar, R Kumar, S Kumar, L Kuo, A Kutynia, S Kwang, B D Lackey, K H Lai, M Landry, R N Lang, J Lange, B Lantz, R K Lanza, S L Larson, A Lartaux-Vollard, P D Lasky, M Laxen, A Lazzarini, C Lazzaro, P Leaci, S Leavey, C H Lee, H K Lee, H M Lee, H W Lee, K Lee, J Lehmann, A Lenon, E Leon, M Leonardi, N Leroy, N Letendre, Y Levin, T G F Li, S D Linker, T B Littenberg, J Liu, X Liu, R K L Lo, N A Lockerbie, L T London, J E Lord, M Lorenzini, V Loriette, M Lormand, G Losurdo, J D Lough, C O Lousto, G Lovelace, H Lück, D Lumaca, A P Lundgren, R Lynch, Y Ma, R Macas, S Macfoy, B Machenschalk, M MacInnis, D M Macleod, I Magaña Hernandez, F Magaña-Sandoval, L Magaña Zertuche, R M Magee, E Majorana, I Maksimovic, N Man, V Mandic, V Mangano, G L Mansell, M Manske, M Mantovani, F Marchesoni, F Marion, S Márka, Z Márka, C Markakis, A S Markosyan, A Markowitz, E Maros, A Marquina, P Marsh, F Martelli, L Martellini, I W Martin, R M Martin, D V Martynov, J N Marx, K Mason, E Massera, A Masserot, T J Massinger, M Masso-Reid, S Mastrogiovanni, A Matas, F Matichard, L Matone, N Mavalvala, N Mazumder, R McCarthy, D E McClelland, S McCormick, L McCuller, S C McGuire, G McIntyre, J McIver, D J McManus, L McNeill, T McRae, S T McWilliams, D Meacher, G D Meadors, M Mehmet, J Meidam, E Mejuto-Villa, A Melatos, G Mendell, R A Mercer, E L Merilh, M Merzougui, S Meshkov, C Messenger, C Messick, R Metzdorff, P M Meyers, H Miao, C Michel, H Middleton, E E Mikhailov, L Milano, A L Miller, B B Miller, J Miller, M Millhouse, M C Milovich-Goff, O Minazzoli, Y Minenkov, J Ming, C Mishra, S Mitra, V P Mitrofanov, G Mitselmakher, R Mittleman, D Moffa, A Moggi, K Mogushi, M Mohan, S R P Mohapatra, I Molina, M Montani, C J Moore, D Moraru, G Moreno, S Morisaki, S R Morriss, B Mours, C M Mow-Lowry, G Mueller, A W Muir, Arunava Mukherjee, D Mukherjee, S Mukherjee, N Mukund, A Mullavey, J Munch, E A Muñiz, M Muratore, P G Murray, A Nagar, K Napier, I Nardecchia, L Naticchioni, R K Nayak, J Neilson, G Nelemans, T J N Nelson, M Nery, A Neunzert, L Nevin, J M Newport, G Newton, K K Y Ng, P Nguyen, T T Nguyen, D Nichols, A B Nielsen, S Nissanke, A Nitz, A Noack, F Nocera, D Nolting, C North, L K Nuttall, J Oberling, G D O'Dea, G H Ogin, J J Oh, S H Oh, F Ohme, M A Okada, M Oliver, P Oppermann, Richard J Oram, B O'Reilly, R Ormiston, L F Ortega, R O'Shaughnessy, S Ossokine, D J Ottaway, H Overmier, B J Owen, A E Pace, J Page, M A Page, A Pai, S A Pai, J R Palamos, O Palashov, C Palomba, A Pal-Singh, Howard Pan, Huang-Wei Pan, B Pang, P T H Pang, C Pankow, F Pannarale, B C Pant, F Paoletti, A Paoli, M A Papa, A Parida, W Parker, D Pascucci, A Pasqualetti, R Passaquieti, D Passuello, M Patil, B Patricelli, B L Pearlstone, M Pedraza, R Pedurand, L Pekowsky, A Pele, S Penn, C J Perez, A Perreca, L M Perri, H P Pfeiffer, M Phelps, O J Piccinni, M Pichot, F Piergiovanni, V Pierro, G Pillant, L Pinard, I M Pinto, M Pirello, M Pitkin, M Poe, R Poggiani, P Popolizio, E K Porter, A Post, J Powell, J Prasad, J W W Pratt, G Pratten, V Predoi, T Prestegard, M Prijatelj, M Principe, S Privitera, R Prix, G A Prodi, L G Prokhorov, O Puncken, M Punturo, P Puppo, M Pürrer, H Qi, V Quetschke, E A Quintero, R Quitzow-James, F J Raab, D S Rabeling, H Radkins, P Raffai, S Raja, C Rajan, B Rajbhandari, M Rakhmanov, K E Ramirez, A Ramos-Buades, P Rapagnani, V Raymond, M Razzano, J Read, T Regimbau, L Rei, S Reid, D H Reitze, W Ren, S D Reyes, F Ricci, P M Ricker, S Rieger, K Riles, M Rizzo, N A Robertson, R Robie, F Robinet, A Rocchi, L Rolland, J G Rollins, V J Roma, J D Romano, R Romano, C L Romel, J H Romie, D Rosińska, M P Ross, S Rowan, A Rüdiger, P Ruggi, G Rutins, K Ryan, S Sachdev, T Sadecki, L Sadeghian, M Sakellariadou, L Salconi, M Saleem, F Salemi, A Samajdar, L Sammut, L M Sampson, E J Sanchez, L E Sanchez, N Sanchis-Gual, V Sandberg, J R Sanders, B Sassolas, B S Sathyaprakash, P R Saulson, O Sauter, R L Savage, A Sawadsky, P Schale, M Scheel, J Scheuer, J Schmidt, P Schmidt, R Schnabel, R M S Schofield, A Schönbeck, E Schreiber, D Schuette, B W Schulte, B F Schutz, S G Schwalbe, J Scott, S M Scott, E Seidel, D Sellers, A S Sengupta, D Sentenac, V Sequino, A Sergeev, D A Shaddock, T J Shaffer, A A Shah, M S Shahriar, M B Shaner, L Shao, B Shapiro, P Shawhan, A Sheperd, D H Shoemaker, D M Shoemaker, K Siellez, X Siemens, M Sieniawska, D Sigg, A D Silva, L P Singer, A Singh, A Singhal, A M Sintes, B J J Slagmolen, B Smith, J R Smith, R J E Smith, S Somala, E J Son, J A Sonnenberg, B Sorazu, F Sorrentino, T Souradeep, A P Spencer, A K Srivastava, K Staats, A Staley, M Steinke, J Steinlechner, S Steinlechner, D Steinmeyer, S P Stevenson, R Stone, D J Stops, K A Strain, G Stratta, S E Strigin, A Strunk, R Sturani, A L Stuver, T Z Summerscales, L Sun, S Sunil, J Suresh, P J Sutton, B L Swinkels, M J Szczepańczyk, M Tacca, S C Tait, C Talbot, D Talukder, D B Tanner, M Tápai, A Taracchini, J D Tasson, J A Taylor, R Taylor, S V Tewari, T Theeg, F Thies, E G Thomas, M Thomas, P Thomas, K A Thorne, K S Thorne, E Thrane, S Tiwari, V Tiwari, K V Tokmakov, K Toland, M Tonelli, Z Tornasi, A Torres-Forné, C I Torrie, D Töyrä, F Travasso, G Traylor, J Trinastic, M C Tringali, L Trozzo, K W Tsang, M Tse, R Tso, L Tsukada, D Tsuna, D Tuyenbayev, K Ueno, D Ugolini, C S Unnikrishnan, A L Urban, S A Usman, H Vahlbruch, G Vajente, G Valdes, M Vallisneri, N van Bakel, M van Beuzekom, J F J van den Brand, C Van Den Broeck, D C Vander-Hyde, L van der Schaaf, J V van Heijningen, A A van Veggel, M Vardaro, V Varma, S Vass, M Vasúth, A Vecchio, G Vedovato, J Veitch, P J Veitch, K Venkateswara, G Venugopalan, D Verkindt, F Vetrano, A Viceré, A D Viets, S Vinciguerra, D J Vine, J-Y Vinet, S Vitale, T Vo, H Vocca, C Vorvick, S P Vyatchanin, A R Wade, L E Wade, M Wade, R Walet, M Walker, L Wallace, S Walsh, G Wang, H Wang, J Z Wang, W H Wang, Y F Wang, R L Ward, J Warner, M Was, J Watchi, B Weaver, L-W Wei, M Weinert, A J Weinstein, R Weiss, L Wen, E K Wessel, P Weßels, J Westerweck, T Westphal, K Wette, J T Whelan, S E Whitcomb, B F Whiting, C Whittle, D Wilken, D Williams, R D Williams, A R Williamson, J L Willis, B Willke, M H Wimmer, W Winkler, C C Wipf, H Wittel, G Woan, J Woehler, J Wofford, K W K Wong, J Worden, J L Wright, D S Wu, D M Wysocki, S Xiao, H Yamamoto, C C Yancey, L Yang, M J Yap, M Yazback, Hang Yu, Haocun Yu, M Yvert, A Zadrożny, M Zanolin, T Zelenova, J-P Zendri, M Zevin, L Zhang, M Zhang, T Zhang, Y-H Zhang, C Zhao, M Zhou, Z Zhou, S J Zhu, X J Zhu, A B Zimmerman, M E Zucker, J Zweizig
On August 17, 2017 at 12∶41:04 UTC the Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo gravitational-wave detectors made their first observation of a binary neutron star inspiral. The signal, GW170817, was detected with a combined signal-to-noise ratio of 32.4 and a false-alarm-rate estimate of less than one per 8.0×10^{4}  years. We infer the component masses of the binary to be between 0.86 and 2.26  M_{⊙}, in agreement with masses of known neutron stars. Restricting the component spins to the range inferred in binary neutron stars, we find the component masses to be in the range 1...
October 20, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099223/jlab-measurements-of-the-3-he-form-factors-at-large-momentum-transfers
#17
A Camsonne, A T Katramatou, M Olson, A Acha, K Allada, B D Anderson, J Arrington, A Baldwin, J-P Chen, S Choi, E Chudakov, E Cisbani, B Craver, P Decowski, C Dutta, E Folts, S Frullani, F Garibaldi, R Gilman, J Gomez, B Hahn, J-O Hansen, D W Higinbotham, T Holmstrom, J Huang, M Iodice, X Jiang, A Kelleher, E Khrosinkova, A Kievsky, E Kuchina, G Kumbartzki, B Lee, J J LeRose, R A Lindgren, G Lott, H Lu, L E Marcucci, D J Margaziotis, P Markowitz, S Marrone, D Meekins, Z-E Meziani, R Michaels, B Moffit, B Norum, G G Petratos, A Puckett, X Qian, O Rondon, A Saha, B Sawatzky, J Segal, M Shabestari, A Shahinyan, P Solvignon, N Sparveris, R R Subedi, R Suleiman, V Sulkosky, G M Urciuoli, M Viviani, Y Wang, B B Wojtsekhowski, X Yan, H Yao, W-M Zhang, X Zheng, L Zhu
The charge and magnetic form factors, F_{C} and F_{M}, respectively, of ^{3}He are extracted in the kinematic range 25  fm^{-2}≤Q^{2}≤61  fm^{-2} from elastic electron scattering by detecting ^{3}He recoil nuclei and scattered electrons in coincidence with the two High Resolution Spectrometers of the Hall A Facility at Jefferson Lab. The measurements find evidence for the existence of a second diffraction minimum for the magnetic form factor at Q^{2}=49.3  fm^{-2} and for the charge form factor at Q^{2}=62...
October 20, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098321/sugar-sweetened-beverage-intake-associations-with-fasting-glucose-and-insulin-concentrations-are-not-modified-by-selected-genetic-variants-in-a-chrebp-fgf21-pathway-a-meta-analysis
#18
Nicola M McKeown, Hassan S Dashti, Jiantao Ma, Danielle E Haslam, Jessica C Kiefte-de Jong, Caren E Smith, Toshiko Tanaka, Mariaelisa Graff, Rozenn N Lemaitre, Denis Rybin, Emily Sonestedt, Alexis C Frazier-Wood, Dennis O Mook-Kanamori, Yanping Li, Carol A Wang, Elisabeth T M Leermakers, Vera Mikkilä, Kristin L Young, Kenneth J Mukamal, L Adrienne Cupples, Christina-Alexandra Schulz, Tzu-An Chen, Ruifang Li-Gao, Tao Huang, Wendy H Oddy, Olli Raitakari, Kenneth Rice, James B Meigs, Ulrika Ericson, Lyn M Steffen, Frits R Rosendaal, Albert Hofman, Mika Kähönen, Bruce M Psaty, Louise Brunkwall, Andre G Uitterlinden, Jorma Viikari, David S Siscovick, Ilkka Seppälä, Kari E North, Dariush Mozaffarian, Josée Dupuis, Marju Orho-Melander, Stephen S Rich, Renée de Mutsert, Lu Qi, Craig E Pennell, Oscar H Franco, Terho Lehtimäki, Mark A Herman
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) are a major dietary contributor to fructose intake. A molecular pathway involving the carbohydrate responsive element-binding protein (ChREBP) and the metabolic hormone fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) may influence sugar metabolism and, thereby, contribute to fructose-induced metabolic disease. We hypothesise that common variants in 11 genes involved in fructose metabolism and the ChREBP-FGF21 pathway may interact with SSB intake to exacerbate positive associations between higher SSB intake and glycaemic traits...
November 2, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094766/consistent-melanophore-spot-patterns-allow-long-term-individual-recognition-of-atlantic-salmon-salmo-salar
#19
L H Stien, J Nilsson, S Bui, J E Fosseidengen, T S Kristiansen, Ø Øverli, O Folkedal
The present study shows that permanent melanophore spot patterns in Atlantic salmon Salmo salar make it possible to use images of the operculum to keep track of individual fish over extended periods of their life history. Post-smolt S. salar (n = 246) were initially photographed at an average mass of 98 g and again 10 months later after rearing in a sea cage, at an average mass of 3088 g. Spots that were present initially remained and were the most overt (largest) 10 months later, while new and less overt spots had developed...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094694/spectroscopic-identification-of-r-process-nucleosynthesis-in-a-double-neutron-star-merger
#20
E Pian, P D'Avanzo, S Benetti, M Branchesi, E Brocato, S Campana, E Cappellaro, S Covino, V D'Elia, J P U Fynbo, F Getman, G Ghirlanda, G Ghisellini, A Grado, G Greco, J Hjorth, C Kouveliotou, A Levan, L Limatola, D Malesani, P A Mazzali, A Melandri, P Møller, L Nicastro, E Palazzi, S Piranomonte, A Rossi, O S Salafia, J Selsing, G Stratta, M Tanaka, N R Tanvir, L Tomasella, D Watson, S Yang, L Amati, L A Antonelli, S Ascenzi, M G Bernardini, M Boër, F Bufano, A Bulgarelli, M Capaccioli, P Casella, A J Castro-Tirado, E Chassande-Mottin, R Ciolfi, C M Copperwheat, M Dadina, G De Cesare, A Di Paola, Y Z Fan, B Gendre, G Giuffrida, A Giunta, L K Hunt, G L Israel, Z-P Jin, M M Kasliwal, S Klose, M Lisi, F Longo, E Maiorano, M Mapelli, N Masetti, L Nava, B Patricelli, D Perley, A Pescalli, T Piran, A Possenti, L Pulone, M Razzano, R Salvaterra, P Schipani, M Spera, A Stamerra, L Stella, G Tagliaferri, V Testa, E Troja, M Turatto, S D Vergani, D Vergani
The merger of two neutron stars is predicted to give rise to three major detectable phenomena: a short burst of γ-rays, a gravitational-wave signal, and a transient optical-near-infrared source powered by the synthesis of large amounts of very heavy elements via rapid neutron capture (the r-process). Such transients, named 'macronovae' or 'kilonovae', are believed to be centres of production of rare elements such as gold and platinum. The most compelling evidence so far for a kilonova was a very faint near-infrared rebrightening in the afterglow of a short γ-ray burst at redshift z = 0...
November 2, 2017: Nature
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