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H Braun
Nutrition has a crucial influence on physical and mental performance ability and is an important measure along sidetraining in high-performance athletes. However, this form of nutritionis not applicable for every athlete and in every situation. The question of optimal nutrition requires involvement with the particular type of sports, an athlete's current training stage, and athletes' individual requirements and objectives. Implementation takes time and individual motivation on the part of athletes and the specialist staff who engage intensively with the nutritional needs of athletes...
August 2016: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
Ellinor Fredriksson, Hilde Kristin Brekke, Lars Ellegård
BACKGROUND: The dietary intake in Swedish medical students has been reported for the periods 1987-1993 and 1994-2006. OBJECTIVE: To analyse dietary intake in medical students between 2007 and 2012, in relation to Nordic Nutrition Recommendations, to previous surveys and to a contemporary Swedish population. DESIGN: Nutrient intake was calculated from 3-day food records conducted by 698 medical students. The differences between surveys were evaluated using a t-test and the changes over time by linear regression...
February 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Caroline M Apovian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2015: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Diane E Grise, Heath M McAllister, Jeffrey Langland
This case report demonstrates a successful approach to managing patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2). Botanical herbs (including Gymnema sylvestre) and nutrients (including alpha lipoic acid and chromium) were used alongside metformin to help improve insulin sensitization; however, the greatest emphasis of treatment for this patient centered on a low-carbohydrate, whole-foods diet and regular exercise that shifted the focus to the patient's role in controlling their disease. Research on DM2 often focuses on improving drug efficacy while diet and lifestyle are generally overlooked as both a preventive and curative tool...
May 2015: Global Advances in Health and Medicine: Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide
H Bobby Fokidis, Mei Yieng Chin, Victor W Ho, Hans H Adomat, Kiran K Soma, Ladan Fazli, Ka Mun Nip, Michael Cox, Gerald Krystal, Amina Zoubeidi, Emma S Tomlinson Guns
Dietary factors continue to preside as dominant influences in prostate cancer prevalence and progression-free survival following primary treatment. We investigated the influence of a low carbohydrate diet, compared to a typical Western diet, on prostate cancer (PCa) tumor growth in vivo. LNCaP xenograft tumor growth was studied in both intact and castrated mice, representing a more advanced castration resistant PCa (CRPC). No differences in LNCaP tumor progression (total tumor volume) with diet was observed for intact mice (P = 0...
June 2015: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Sebene Mayorandan, Uta Meyer, Hans Hartmann, Anibh Martin Das
BACKGROUND: Frequent feeds with carbohydrate-rich meals or continuous enteral feeding has been the therapy of choice in glycogen storage disease (Glycogenosis) type III. Recent guidelines on diagnosis and management recommend frequent feedings with high complex carbohydrates or cornstarch avoiding fasting in children, while in adults a low-carb-high-protein-diet is recommended. While this regimen can prevent hypoglycaemia in children it does not improve skeletal and heart muscle function, which are compromised in patients with glycogenosis IIIa...
2014: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
C D Gardner
Although the 'Low-Fat' diet was the predominant public health recommendation for weight loss and weight control for the past several decades, the obesity epidemic continued to grow during this time period. An alternative 'low-carbohydrate' (Low-Carb) approach, although originally dismissed and even vilified, was comparatively tested in a series of studies over the past decade, and has been found in general to be as effective, if not more, as the Low-Fat approach for weight loss and for several related metabolic health measures...
July 2012: International Journal of Obesity Supplements
S Martin, K Kempf
HISTORY AND ADMISSION FINDINGS: Case 1: 59-year-old man with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus. Case 2: 69-year-old woman with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus. INVESTIGATIONS: Case 1: BMI 36,8 kg/m2. Biochemical evaluation were normal except elevated transaminases. Case 2: BMI 37,0 kg/m2. Abdominal ultrasound showed a fatty liver. THERAPY AND FOLLOW UP: Both patients underwent a 12-week interven tion with a formula diet. In the first week the three principle meals were replaced by the formular diet...
May 2014: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Antonio Paoli, Antonino Bianco, Keith A Grimaldi, Alessandra Lodi, Gerardo Bosco
Weight loss protocols can only be considered successful if they deliver consistent results over the long term-a goal which is often elusive, so much so that the term "yo-yo" is used to describe the perennial weight loss/weight regain battle common in obesity. We hypothesized that a ketogenic Mediterranean diet with phytoextracts (KEMEPHY) combined with the acknowledged health benefits of traditional Mediterranean nutrition may favor long term weight loss. We analysed 89 male and female obese subjects, aged between 25 and 65 years who were overall healthy apart from being overweight...
December 2013: Nutrients
Eveline A P Martens, Margriet S Westerterp-Plantenga
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The review addresses briefly the relevance of protein diets for body weight loss and weight maintenance. The addition of recent findings on age-dependent protein requirements, specific effects of protein intake and protein source, the relevance of the other dietary macronutrients, especially of 'low-carb', 'protein leverage', the mechanisms of protein-induced satiety, and food-reward makes the review up-to-date. RECENT FINDINGS: Different effects of protein diets in different age groups result from age-dependent protein requirements that are primarily related to effects on body composition...
January 2014: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
Michael E Peterson
Xylitol is a prevalent sugar substitute found in a wide variety of foods, particularly those labeled as "low carb." It is found in many medicines and dental products both for its antibacterial activity and to increase palatability. Originally, this toxin was recognized as a problem in dogs following sugarless gum ingestions. Xylitol is generally nontoxic to mammals except for dogs. In the dog, xylitol induces marked increases in insulin production and occasionally hepatopathy. The clinical syndrome is manifested with signs consistent with profound hypoglycemia, hypokalemia, hypophosphatemia, and acute hepatic failure...
February 2013: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
Monica Baumann, Martine Z Espeland, Ane Sørlie Kværner, Martin Prøven Bogsrud, Kjetil Retterstøl
BACKGROUND: Many Norwegians have embraced the low-carb trend and choose butter and bacon instead of brown bread and carrots. This entails a dramatic change in the total intake of fat and the intake of saturated fat. We have investigated how a low-carb diet can affect the lipid profile in healthy adults with a normal bodyweight. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Seven healthy female participants with normal bodyweight underwent a four-week trial of a low-carb diet (< 20-25 grams of carbohydrates/day)...
June 11, 2013: Tidsskrift for Den Norske Lægeforening: Tidsskrift for Praktisk Medicin, Ny Række
Louise A McKenna, Russell S Drummond, Suzannah Drummond, Dinesh Talwar, Michael E J Lean
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2013: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Edward L LaGory, Amato J Giaccia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2013: Cell Cycle
Claudia Zok
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2012: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2010: Heart Advisor
Margriet S Westerterp-Plantenga, Sofie G Lemmens, Klaas R Westerterp
Obesity is a serious health problem because of its co-morbidities. The solution, implying weight loss and long-term weight maintenance, is conditional on: (i) sustained satiety despite negative energy balance, (ii) sustained basal energy expenditure despite BW loss due to (iii) a sparing of fat-free mass (FFM), being the main determinant of basal energy expenditure. Dietary protein has been shown to assist with meeting these conditions, since amino acids act on the relevant metabolic targets. This review deals with the effects of different protein diets during BW loss and BW maintenance thereafter...
August 2012: British Journal of Nutrition
Stijn Soenen, Alberto G Bonomi, Sofie G T Lemmens, Jolande Scholte, Myriam A M A Thijssen, Frank van Berkum, Margriet S Westerterp-Plantenga
BACKGROUND: 'Low-carb' diets have been suggested to be effective in body weight (BW) management. However, these diets are relatively high in protein as well. OBJECTIVE: To unravel whether body-weight loss and weight-maintenance depends on the high-protein or the 'low-carb' component of the diet. DESIGN: Body-weight (BW), fat mass (FM), blood- and urine-parameters of 132 participants (age=50 ± 12 yr; BW=107 ± 20 kg; BMI=37 ± 6 kg/m(2); FM=47...
October 10, 2012: Physiology & Behavior
Ewa Kempisty-Zdebik, Aleksander Zdebik
Testosterone deficiency syndrome is being seen in increasing percentage of men with middle and old age. Besides the typical deterioration of sexual function there is predisposition to metabolic syndrome and increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. The similarity of the effects of testosterone substitution and the dietary treatment led the authors to a retrospective analysis of patient data treated for testosterone deficiency syndrome. Data on 341 patients aged over 45 years with metabolic syndrome and diabetes, meeting criteria for the diagnosis of testosterone deficiency syndrome were divided into 5 groups: T--testosterone substitution without additional diet, T-Low-Carb--testosterone and low carbohydrate diet, T-Fat-Low--testosterone and low fat diet, Carb-Low--only low carbohydrate diet, Fat-Low--only low fat diet...
2012: Przegla̧d Lekarski
Johannes Scholl
THE CHARACTERISTICS OF PATIENTS WITH CVD HAVE CHANGED: whereas smoking prevalence declines, obesity and metabolic syndrome are on the rise. Unfortunately, the traditional low-fat diet for the prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) still seems to be the "mainstream knowledge" despite contradicting evidence. But lowering LDL-cholesterol by the wrong diet even may be counterproductive, if sd-LDL is raised and HDL is lowered. New insights into the pathophysiology of insulin resistance and its influence on the effects of dietary changes have led to a better approach: (1) the higher a patient's insulin resistance, the more important is the glycemic load of the diet...
2012: Cholesterol
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