keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Fat trap

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720960/levels-and-formation-of-%C3%AE-dicarbonyl-compounds-in-beverages-and-the-preventive-effects-of-flavonoids
#1
Chen Wang, Yongling Lu, Qiju Huang, Tiesong Zheng, Shengmin Sang, Lishuang Lv
ABSTRACT: Methylglyoxal (MGO) and glyoxal (GO), α-dicarbonyl compounds found in the Maillard reaction, progressively and irreversibly modify proteins. Beverages are an exogenous source of α-dicarbonyl compounds and may potentially increase MGO and GO levels in vivo. Using GC-FID method, we detected the MGO and GO contents of 86 beverages in Chinese supermarkets. The highest MGO and GO 587.5 µg/100 mL and 716.7 µg/100 mL respectively found in soyamilk and coffee. Herbal beverages, which contained bioactive components, had lower average levels of MGO (48...
June 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704114/orbital-floor-fracture-with-entrapment-imaging-and-clinical-correlations-in-45-cases
#2
Nora Silverman, Jordan Spindle, Sunny X Tang, Andrew Wu, Bryan K Hong, John W Shore, Sara Wester, Flora Levin, Michael Connor, Benjamin Burt, Tanuj Nakra, Todd Shepler, Eric Hink, Tarek El-Sawy, Roman Shinder
Orbital floor fractures (OFF) with entrapment require prompt clinical and radiographic recognition for timely surgical correction. Correct CT radiographic interpretation of entrapped fractures can be subtle and thus missed. We reviewed the clinical, radiographic and intraoperative findings of 45 cases of entrapped OFF to correlate pre- and intraoperative findings with radiography. Retrospective review and statistical analysis of 45 patients with OFF using the chi squared and Kruskal-Wallis tests. Main outcome measures included patient demographics, clinical features, radiologic interpretation, intraoperative findings, and treatment outcomes...
July 13, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669771/antidiabetic-antioxidant-and-anti-inflammatory-properties-of-water-and-n-butanol-soluble-extracts-from-saharian-anvillea-radiata-in-high-fat-diet-fed-mice
#3
Chouaib Kandouli, Mathieu Cassien, Anne Mercier, Caroline Delehedde, Emilie Ricquebourg, Pierre Stocker, Mourad Mekaouche, Zineb Leulmi, Aicha Mechakra, Sophie Thétiot-Laurent, Marcel Culcasi, Sylvia Pietri
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: According to Saharian traditional medicine, Anvillea radiata Coss. & Dur. (Asteraceae) has been valued for treating a variety of ailments such as gastro-intestinal, liver and pulmonary diseases, and has gained awareness for its beneficial effect on postprandial hyperglycemia. However, to best of our knowledge, no detailed study of the antidiabetic curative effects of this plant has been conducted yet. AIM OF THE STUDY: To determine the hypoglycemic and antidiabetic effect of dietary supplementation with Anvillea radiata extracts on high-fat-diet (HFD)-induced obesity and insulin resistance in C57BL/6J mice in relation with antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, pancreatic beta-cells and skeletal muscle protection, and digestive enzyme inhibiting properties...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662609/rapid-degradation-of-fog-discharged-from-food-industry-wastewater-by-lipolytic-fungi-as-a-bioaugmentation-application
#4
Ayoma Witharana, Jagath Manatunge, Niranjanie Ratnayake, Chandrika M Nanayakkara, Mahesh Jayaweera
Fats, oils and grease (FOG) congregate in grease trap devices as a result of culinary activities in the food service industry. FOG is considered to be a slowly biodegradable particulate organic matter and may require enzymatic or hydrolytic conversion to form readily biodegradable soluble organic matter. The existing treatment methods are claimed on water based hydrolysis of FOG to form long chain fatty acids. The long fatty acids discharged into wastewater treatment system create functional difficulties, especially the inhibitory effect caused by accumulation of long chain fatty acids...
June 30, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606422/effect-of-aerobic-exercise-on-markers-of-bone-metabolism-of-overweight-and-obese-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#5
Tarcisio Santana Gomes, Danilo Takashi Aoike, Flavia Baria, Fabiana G Graciolli, Rosa M A Moyses, Lilian Cuppari
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of aerobic exercise on markers of bone metabolism in overweight and obese nondialysis-dependent patients with chronic kidney disease. METHODS: This is a post-hoc study with 39 sedentary patients (55.5 ± 8.3 years, body mass index 31.2 ± 4.4 kg/m(2), estimated glomerular filtration rate 26.9 ± 11.7 mL/minute) who were randomly assigned to the aerobic exercise group (n = 24) or the control group (n = 15)...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551552/standardized-mori-ramulus-extract-improves-insulin-secretion-and-insulin-sensitivity-in-c57blks-j-db-db-mice-and-ins-1-cells
#6
Soo-Yeon Park, Bora Jin, Jae-Ho Shin, Sirichai Adisakwattana, Oran Kwon
Abnormalities in the hyperbolic relationship between insulin sensitivity and insulin secretion may cause oxidative stress and non-enzymatic glycation, resulting in an increased risk of type 2 diabetes. Here, we performed a 14-week study to investigate the effects of ethanolic extract of Mori ramulus (MRE; 0, 800, and 1600mg/kg body weight) and its signature component oxyresveratrol (OXY; 800mg/kg body weight) on β-cell dysfunction and insulin resistance in C57BLKS/J db/db mice fed with a high-fat diet. Compared with the diabetic control group, the high-dose MRE group showed a significant decrease in fasting blood glucose (p=0...
August 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532220/the-adipokine-tartrate-resistant-acid-phosphatase-5a-in-serum-correlates-to-adipose-tissue-expansion-in-obesity
#7
Christina Patlaka, Laia Mira Pascual, Staffan Paulie, Anni-Frid Henriksson, Peter Arner, Pernilla Lång, Göran Andersson
PURPOSE: Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) exists as two isoforms, 5a and 5b. TRAP 5a is elevated in adipose tissue of obese women, interacts with pre-adipocytes and is linked to insulin-sensitive hyperplastic obesity when overexpressed in mice. The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between serum TRAP 5a, adiposity indices and metabolic syndrome risk markers in lean and obese women, using a newly developed TRAP 5a-specific ELISA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A TRAP 5a sandwich ELISA was optimized using TRAP 5a-specific monoclonal antibodies and tested in sera of healthy males...
June 8, 2017: Biomarkers: Biochemical Indicators of Exposure, Response, and Susceptibility to Chemicals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486336/seasonal-variations-of-bone-metabolism-and-bone-mineral-density-in-collegiate-alpine-skiers
#8
Teruyuki Sato, Keishoku Sakuraba, Yosuke Tsuchiya, Shinya Maruyama, Eisuke Ochi
This study investigated the seasonal variations in bone metabolism, mineral density, and physical characteristics in collegiate alpine skiers. Twelve male subjects (20.6 ± 1.5 years) were evaluated for body composition, body mineral density (BMD), serum levels of osteocalcin (OC), bone alkaline phosphatase (BAP), tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase 5b (TRACP-5b), parathormone, and 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D). We also measured the knee extensor and flexor strength, maximal power, and vertical jump. Measurements were conducted in the pre-season period (T1), competitive period (T2), end-of-season period (T3), and resting period (T4)...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468730/the-influence-of-decreased-hydraulic-retention-time-on-the-performance-and-stability-of-co-digestion-of-sewage-sludge-with-grease-trap-sludge-and-organic-fraction-of-municipal-waste
#9
Anna Grosser
The effect of hydraulic retention time ranging from 12 to 20 d on process performance and stability was investigated in two anaerobic completely stirred tank reactors with a working liquid volume equal to 6 litres. The reactors were fed with mixtures containing (on volatile solids basis): 40% of sewage sludge, 30% of organic fraction of municipal waste and 30% of grease trap sludge. The change of hydraulic retention time did not significantly affect process stability. However, methane yields as well as volatile solids removal decreased from 0...
April 30, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419293/expression-and-enzyme-activity-of-catalase-in-chilo-suppressalis-lepidoptera-crambidae-is-responsive-to-environmental-stresses
#10
Yanhui Lu, Qi Bai, Xusong Zheng, Zhongxian Lu
Catalase (CAT) is an important antioxidant enzyme that protects organisms against oxidative stresses by eliminating hydrogen peroxide. In this study, we cloned and characterized a full-length cDNA of CAT from Chilo suppressalis (CsCAT) and examined the influence of environmental stresses on CsCAT expression and enzyme activity. The cDNA contains a 1659-bp open reading frame encoding a polypeptide of 553 amino acids most closely related (90.14%) to Papilio polytes catalases. The CsCAT was expressed in all developmental stages with the highest expression in the fat body, and the CsCAT enzyme activity closely mirrored its observed mRNA expression patterns...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269728/modeling-and-design-of-antennas-for-implantable-telemetry-applications
#11
Arun Venkatasubramanian, Brandon Gifford
Incorporating an RF communications link in an implanted medical device can increase its range of applicability and improve quality of life for the patient. Developments in support electronics decrease design risk, but the implanted antenna remains a critical component of a communications link that operates at very low received power. Transmitted power is limited both by regulatory restrictions and, for most implanted devices, by power source capacity. Dielectric losses and wave trapping in the body result in transmission losses much greater than seen in free space communications...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237595/effect-of-short-term-feed-restriction-on-temporal-changes-in-milk-components-and-mammary-lipogenic-gene-expression-in-mid-lactation-holstein-dairy-cows
#12
A M Abdelatty, M E Iwaniuk, M Garcia, K M Moyes, B B Teter, P Delmonte, A K G Kadegowda, M A Tony, F F Mohamad, R A Erdman
Investigations of the temporal changes in mammary gene expression that occur during sudden diet change have been limited by the use of mammary tissue as the source of RNA because of the invasive nature of mammary biopsy procedures. However, the cytosolic crescent, present in 1% of the largest milk fat globules, contains mammary epithelial cell RNA that has become trapped between the inner and outer milk fat globule membranes during final formation and secretion of milk fat into the lumen of the mammary alveoli...
May 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236130/entrapment-of-the-posterior-femoral-cutaneous-nerve-and-its-inferior-cluneal-branches-anatomical-basis-of-surgery-for-inferior-cluneal-neuralgia
#13
Stéphane Ploteau, Céline Salaud, Antoine Hamel, Roger Robert
PURPOSE: The apparent failure of pudendal nerve surgery in some patients has led us to suggest the possibility of entrapment of other adjacent nerve structures, leading to the concept of inferior cluneal neuralgia. Via its numerous collateral branches, the posterior femoral cutaneous nerve innervates a very extensive territory including the posterior surface of the thigh, the infragluteal fold, the skin over the ischial tuberosity, but also the lateral anal region, scrotum or labium majus via its perineal branch...
February 24, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227992/modeling-and-design-of-antennas-for-implantable-telemetry-applications
#14
Arun Venkatasubramanian, Brandon Gifford, Arun Venkatasubramanian, Brandon Gifford, Brandon Gifford, Arun Venkatasubramanian
Incorporating an RF communications link in an implanted medical device can increase its range of applicability and improve quality of life for the patient. Developments in support electronics decrease design risk, but the implanted antenna remains a critical component of a communications link that operates at very low received power. Transmitted power is limited both by regulatory restrictions and, for most implanted devices, by power source capacity. Dielectric losses and wave trapping in the body result in transmission losses much greater than seen in free space communications...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195977/fat-grip-resistance-training-improves-driving-performance-in-division-i-male-golfers
#15
Patrick M Cummings, Hunter S Waldman, Ben M Krings, JohnEric W Smith, Matthew J McAllister
Fat Grip (FG) training is implemented into strength and conditioning programs with the overall goal of increasing grip strength. Previous research assessing the effect of training with increased grip diameters compared to standard Olympic bar diameters has mainly been in acute settings. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine to effects FG training compared to normal diameter grip (CON) training during an eight week periodized resistance training (RT) program in Division I male golfers. Subjects (n = 10) were randomly assigned into two groups: the FG group (n = 5, scoring average: 75...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177896/monocyte-chemotactic-protein-1-deficiency-attenuates-and-high-fat-diet-exacerbates-bone-loss-in-mice-with-lewis-lung-carcinoma
#16
Lin Yan, Forrest H Nielsen, Sneha Sundaram, Jay Cao
Bone loss occurs in obesity and cancer-associated complications including wasting. This study determined whether a high-fat diet and a deficiency in monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) altered bone structural defects in male C57BL/6 mice with Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC) metastases in lungs. Compared to non-tumor-bearing mice, LLC reduced bone volume fraction, connectivity density, trabecular number, trabecular thickness and bone mineral density and increased trabecular separation in femurs. Similar changes occurred in vertebrae...
April 4, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173868/docosahexaenoic-acid-increases-accumulation-of-adipocyte-triacylglycerol-through-up-regulation-of-lipogenic-gene-expression-in-pigs
#17
Chao-Wei Huang, Yu-Jen Chen, Jui-Ting Yang, Ching-Yi Chen, Kolapo M Ajuwon, Shuen-Ei Chen, Nan-Wei Su, Yu-Shan Chen, Harry J Mersmann, Shih-Torng Ding
BACKGROUND: Changing dietary fatty acid composition in modern diet influences the prevalence of obesity. Increasing evidences suggest favorable effects of n-3 PUFA for protecting against obesity and the metabolic syndrome. However, the regulation of n-3 PUFA in adipose is still unclear. Thus, this study addressed metabolism of different dietary fats in the adipose tissue of porcine model. METHODS: Eight-week-old cross-bred pigs were randomly assigned to three groups and fed a 2% fat diet for 30 days from either soybean oil (SBO), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) or beef tallow...
February 7, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078077/a-novel-method-for-the-quantification-of-fatty-infiltration-in-skeletal-muscle
#18
Nicole K Biltz, Gretchen A Meyer
BACKGROUND: Fatty infiltration of the skeletal muscle is a common but poorly understood feature of many myopathies. It is best described in human muscle, where non-invasive imaging techniques and representative histology have been optimized to view and quantify infiltrating fat. However, human studies are limited in their ability to identify cellular and molecular mechanisms regulating fatty infiltration, a likely prerequisite to developing targeted interventions. As mechanistic investigations move to small animals, studies may benefit from new or adapted imaging tools optimized for high resolution and whole muscle quantification...
2017: Skeletal Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073372/a-novel-method-for-the-quantification-of-fatty-infiltration-in-skeletal-muscle
#19
Nicole K Biltz, Gretchen A Meyer
BACKGROUND: Fatty infiltration of the skeletal muscle is a common but poorly understood feature of many myopathies. It is best described in human muscle, where non-invasive imaging techniques and representative histology have been optimized to view and quantify infiltrating fat. However, human studies are limited in their ability to identify cellular and molecular mechanisms regulating fatty infiltration, a likely prerequisite to developing targeted interventions. As mechanistic investigations move to small animals, studies may benefit from new or adapted imaging tools optimized for high resolution and whole muscle quantification...
January 10, 2017: Skeletal Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071704/high-fat-diet-induced-changes-of-mouse-hepatic-transcription-and-enhancer-activity-can-be-reversed-by-subsequent-weight-loss
#20
Majken Siersbæk, Lyuba Varticovski, Shutong Yang, Songjoon Baek, Ronni Nielsen, Susanne Mandrup, Gordon L Hager, Jay H Chung, Lars Grøntved
Epigenetic factors have been suggested to play an important role in metabolic memory by trapping and maintaining initial metabolic changes within the transcriptional regulatory machinery. In this study we fed mice a high fat diet (HFD) for seven weeks followed by additional five weeks of chow, to identify HFD-mediated changes to the hepatic transcriptional program that may persist after weight loss. Mice fed a HFD displayed increased fasting insulin levels, hepatosteatosis and major changes in hepatic gene transcription associated with modulation of H3K27Ac at enhancers, but no significant changes in chromatin accessibility, indicating that HFD-regulated gene transcription is primarily controlled by modulating the activity of pre-established enhancers...
January 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
keyword
keyword
101670
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"