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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716653/bioeconomy-in-latin-america
#1
REVIEW
Albert Sasson, Carlos Malpica
This article provides the authors' view on how Latin America has embraced bioeconomy principles in the last two decades with different levels of socio-economic impact. Examples of biodiversity resource valorization in medicine, eco-intensification of agriculture, biotechnology applications in mature sectors such as mining, food and beverage production, bio-refineries and ecosystem services are provided. The importance of participatory and social innovation initiatives is highlighted.
July 14, 2017: New Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699998/culture-bound-syndromes-in-migratory-contexts-the-case-of-bolivian-immigrants
#2
María Teresa Roldán-Chicano, José Fernández-Rufete, César Hueso-Montoro, María Del Mar García-López, Javier Rodríguez-Tello, María Dolores Flores-Bienert
Objective: to describe the culture-bound syndromes maintained by Bolivian immigrants in the new migratory context and analyze the care processes of these health problems. Method: qualitative research with an ethnographic methodological approach. Sample: 27 Bolivian immigrants. In-depth interviews and participatory observation were the strategies used for data collection. Data were classified and categorized into logical schemes manually and using the ATLAS-ti program v...
July 10, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679073/supporting-carers-to-manage-pain-medication-in-cancer-patients-at-the-end-of-life-a-feasibility-trial
#3
Sue Latter, Jane B Hopkinson, Elizabeth Lowson, Jane A Hughes, Jacki Hughes, Sue Duke, Sally Anstey, Michael I Bennett, Carl May, Peter Smith, Alison Richardson
BACKGROUND: Carers of people with advanced cancer play a significant role in managing pain medication, yet they report insufficient information and support to do so confidently and competently. There is limited research evidence on the best ways for clinicians to help carers with medication management. AIMS: To develop a pain medicines management intervention (Cancer Carers Medicines Management) for cancer patients' carers near the end of life and evaluate feasibility and acceptability to nurses and carers...
June 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674300/systematic-and-stepwise-interprofessional-education-in-showa-university
#4
Yuji Kiuchi
 At Showa University, which consists of the schools of medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, nursing and rehabilitation sciences, systematic interprofessional education was introduced with the cooperation of all 4 schools and through all undergraduate grades with the purpose of training medical staff who can contribute positively to the medical team. In the lower grades, students study the basics of medical team care based on a 4-school joint curriculum of experience learning (such as early exposure) and problem-based learning (PBL) tutorial inside and outside of the university...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622406/building-bridges-to-address-health-disparities-in-puerto-rico-the-salud-para-pi%C3%A3-ones-project
#5
Enid J García-Rivera, Princess Pacheco, Marielis Colón, Mary Helen Mays, Maricruz Rivera, Verónica Munet-Díaz, María Del R González, María Rodríguez, Rebecca Rodríguez, Astrid Morales
Over the past several decades, Puerto Ricans have faced increased health threats from chronic diseases, particularly diabetes and hypertension. The patient-provider relationship is the main platform for individual disease management, whereas the community, as an agent of change for the community's health status, has been limited in its support of individual health. Likewise, traditional research approaches within communities have placed academic researchers at the center of the process, considering their knowledge was of greater value than that of the community...
June 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622405/implementing-a-randomized-controlled-trial-through-a-community-academia-partnered-participatory-research-arte-con-salud-research-informed-intervention
#6
Patricia Noboa-Ortega, Wanda I Figueroa-Cosme, Alana Feldman-Soler, Christine Miranda-Díaz
OBJECTIVE: "Arte con Salud" is an HIV/AIDS prevention intervention tailored for Puerto Rican women who have sex with men. The intervention curriculum was refined through a community-academic collaboration between Taller Salud, the UPRCayey Campus, and the UCC-School of Medicine, subsided in 2012-13 by PRCTRC. The collaboration has been crucial to validate the impact of using art as a tool to facilitate sexual negotiation skills and safer sexual practices among adult women have sex with men participating in HIV prevention education...
June 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575140/optimizing-drug-development-in-oncology-by-clinical-trial-simulation-why-and-how
#7
Jocelyn Gal, Gérard Milano, Jean-Marc Ferrero, Esma Saâda-Bouzid, Julien Viotti, Sylvie Chabaud, Paul Gougis, Christophe Le Tourneau, Renaud Schiappa, Agnes Paquet, Emmanuel Chamorey
In therapeutic research, the safety and efficacy of pharmaceutical products are necessarily tested on humans via clinical trials after an extensive and expensive preclinical development period. Methodologies such as computer modeling and clinical trial simulation (CTS) might represent a valuable option to reduce animal and human assays. The relevance of these methods is well recognized in pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics from the preclinical phase to postmarketing. However, they are barely used and are poorly regarded for drug approval, despite Food and Drug Administration and European Medicines Agency recommendations...
May 29, 2017: Briefings in Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569221/a-four-part-working-bibliography-of-neuroethics-part-4-ethical-issues-in-clinical-and-social-applications-of-neuroscience
#8
EDITORIAL
Kira Becker, John R Shook, Martina Darragh, James Giordano
BACKGROUND: As a discipline, neuroethics addresses a range of questions and issues generated by basic neuroscientific research (inclusive of studies of putative neurobiological processes involved in moral and ethical cognition and behavior), and its use and meanings in the clinical and social spheres. Here, we present Part 4 of a four-part bibliography of the neuroethics literature focusing on clinical and social applications of neuroscience, to include: the treatment-enhancement discourse; issues arising in neurology, psychiatry, and pain care; neuroethics education and training; neuroethics and the law; neuroethics and policy and political issues; international neuroethics; and discourses addressing "trans-" and "post-" humanity...
May 31, 2017: Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine: PEHM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558812/introducing-onsite-antenatal-syphilis-screening-in-burkina-faso-implementation-and-evaluation-of-a-feasibility-intervention-tailored-to-a-local-context
#9
Fadima Yaya Bocoum, Grissoum Tarnagda, Fabrice Bationo, Justin R Savadogo, Sarata Nacro, Séni Kouanda, Christina Zarowsky
BACKGROUND: Although the advantages of introducing point of care testing for syphilis in antenatal care (ANC) are well documented, there is little evidence on how to address structural issues within health systems. A better understanding of how these interventions work in a range of settings and contexts is needed in order to overcome bottlenecks at health system level. To better understand the relationships between implementation and context we developed and implemented an intervention focused on integrating a rapid screening test for syphilis in ANC services in rural primary health care facilities in Burkina Faso...
May 30, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523298/role-of-genetic-polymorphism-in-nutritional-supplementation-therapy-in-personalized-medicine
#10
Nicolae Ovidiu Peneş, Bernard Weber, Silviu Dumitru Păun
Genetic-guided nutritional supplementation therapy in personalized medicine is the type of treatment that prevents and acts against errors during the copying process of a cell's deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), mistakes that lead to diversification in the DNA sequence at certain locations, called single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Positive results are quickly achieved using one of the four types of therapy. These types are: personalized, when individual human genetic variations drive individual treatment, preventive, with a tailored healthcare strategy and therapeutic preventive drugs and vaccines, participatory, when empowered patients make informed choices and take responsibility of their own health and predictive, using a proactive approach to health and medicine...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506152/a-participatory-systems-approach-to-design-for-safer-integrated-medicine-management
#11
Gyuchan Thomas Jun, Aneurin Canham, Ander Altuna-Palacios, James R Ward, Ran Bhamra, Stephen Rogers, Amalin Dutt, Priyal Shah
It is recognised that whole systems approaches are required in the design and development of complex health care services. Application of a systems approach benefits from the involvement of key stakeholders. However, participation in the context of community based health care is particularly challenging due to busy and geographically distributed stakeholders. This study used action research to investigate what processes and methods were needed to successfully employ a participatory systems approach. Three participatory workshops planned and facilitated by method experts were held with 30 representative stakeholders...
June 2, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482678/partnerships-for-active-children-in-elementary-schools-outcomes-of-a-2-year-pilot-study-to-increase-physical-activity-during-the-school-day
#12
R Glenn Weaver, Collin A Webster, Cate Egan, Carolina M C Campos, Robert D Michael, Spyridoula Vazou
PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of the pilot study Partnerships for Active Children in Elementary Schools on the percentage of children achieving the Institute of Medicine guideline of 30 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) during the school day. DESIGN: Pre/multiple post-quasi-experimental. SETTING: Four elementary schools. PARTICIPANTS: Physical education (n = 3) and classroom teachers (n = 12) and students (n = 229)...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443607/novel-approaches-for-the-promotion-of-physical-activity-and-exercise-for-prevention-and-management-of-type-2-diabetes
#13
REVIEW
R Arena, M Sagner, N M Byrne, A D Williams, A McNeil, S J Street, A P Hills
Despite increased evidence for the importance of lifestyle modification, physical activity and diet in diabetes prevention and management, habitual physical activity levels have declined in recent decades in China and India. Further, other risk factors for type 2 diabetes, including overweight, obesity and physical inactivity, have also worsened. Here we present evidence for the importance of physical activity and exercise in the amelioration of type 2 diabetes and propose a novel approach to address the challenge of improving lifestyle behaviors in China and India-Movement is Medicine and a P4 (predictive, preventive, personalized and participatory) approach...
July 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430854/dynamic-modeling-and-network-approaches-for-omics-time-course-data-overview-of-computational-approaches-and-applications
#14
Yulan Liang, Arpad Kelemen
Inferring networks and dynamics of genes, proteins, cells and other biological entities from high-throughput biological omics data is a central and challenging issue in computational and systems biology. This is essential for understanding the complexity of human health, disease susceptibility and pathogenesis for Predictive, Preventive, Personalized and Participatory (P4) system and precision medicine. The delineation of the possible interactions of all genes/proteins in a genome/proteome is a task for which conventional experimental techniques are ill suited...
April 18, 2017: Briefings in Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391973/the-current-status-and-problems-confronted-in-delivering-precision-medicine-in-japan-and-europe
#15
REVIEW
Hideaki Bando
Precision medicine has been defined as "a predictive, preventive, personalized, and participatory health care service delivery model." Today, developments in next-generation sequencing and information technology have made precision medicine possible, with massive amounts of genetic, "omics," clinical, environmental, and lifestyle data now available. Unfortunately, differences in governmental support and health care regulations have resulted in heterogeneous progress among countries. In Japan, for example, precision cancer screening and treatments are increasingly being promoted, with collaboration among research, governmental, and pharmaceutical agencies taking place in the nationwide SCRUM-Japan cancer genome screening project...
February 22, 2017: Current Problems in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386099/participatory-simulation-modelling-to-inform-public-health-policy-and-practice-rethinking-the-evidence-hierarchies
#16
Eloise O'Donnell, Jo-An Atkinson, Louise Freebairn, Lucie Rychetnik
Drawing on the long tradition of evidence-based medicine that aims to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of clinical practice, the field of public health has sought to apply 'hierarchies of evidence' to appraise and synthesise public health research. Various critiques of this approach led to the development of synthesis methods that include broader evidence typologies and more 'fit for purpose' privileging of methodological designs. While such adaptations offer great utility for evidence-informed public health policy and practice, this paper offers an alternative perspective on the synthesis of evidence that necessitates a yet more egalitarian approach...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356752/value-as-the-key-concept-in-the-health-care-system-how-it-has-influenced-medical-practice-and-clinical-decision-making-processes
#17
Chiara Marzorati, Gabriella Pravettoni
In the last 10 years, value has played a key role in the health care system. In this concept, innovations in medical practice and the increasing importance of patient centeredness have contributed to draw the attention of the medical community. Nonetheless, a large consensus on the meaning of "value" is still lacking: patients, physicians, policy makers, and other health care professionals have different ideas on which component of value may play a prominent role. Yet, shared clinical decision-making and patient empowerment have been recognized as fundamental features of the concept of value...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329560/patient-provider-communication-concordance-and-ratings-of-care-in-dermatology-results-of-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Valerie M Harvey, Uchechukwu Ozoemena, Joan Paul, Hind A Beydoun, Nashay N Clemetson, Ginette A Okoye
ObjectiveTo determine the impact of race concordance on patient perception of quality of dermatologic care.Study designCross-sectional study.SettingAcademic outpatient practices in the Departments of Dermatology of Eastern Virginia Medical School and the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.ParticipantsThe study cohort comprised 124 participants including 6 providers and 118 established patients.Main Outcome MeasuresWe hypothesized, a priori, that patients in race-discordant dyads would report lower ratings of participatory decision-making (PDM), satisfaction, trust in the provider, and similarities with providers...
November 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294320/nursing-clinical-practice-changes-to-improve-self-management-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#19
J M Padilha, P A F Sousa, F M S Pereira
AIM: To propose nursing clinical practice changes to improve the development of patient self-management. BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is one of the main causes of chronic morbidity, loss of quality of life and high mortality rates. INTRODUCTION: Control of the disease's progression, the preservation of autonomy in self-care and maintenance of quality of life are extremely challenging for patients to execute in their daily living...
March 13, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270929/changing-paradigms-in-the-management-of-rejection-in-kidney-transplantation-evolving-from-protocol-based-care-to-the-era-of-p4-medicine
#20
Mirela Maier, Tomoko Takano, Ruth Sapir-Pichhadze
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: P4 medicine denotes an evolving field of medicine encompassing predictive, preventive, personalized, and participatory medicine. Using the example of kidney allograft rejection because of donor-recipient incompatibility in human leukocyte antigens, this review outlines P4 medicine's relevance to the various stages of the kidney transplant cycle. SOURCES OF INFORMATION: A search for English articles was conducted in Medline via OvidSP (up to August 18, 2016) using a combination of subject headings (MeSH) and free text in titles, abstracts, and author keywords for the concepts kidney transplantation and P4 medicine...
2017: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
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