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Participatory medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781398/group-medical-visits-as-participatory-care-in-community-health-centers
#1
Ariana Thompson-Lastad
In this article, I examine group medical visits, a clinic-based intervention that aims to improve patient health by combining clinical care, health education and peer support. Research shows that health care inequalities are reproduced through the interplay of interpersonal, institutional, and structural factors. I examine changing social relations made possible by group visits, including peer support and an expanded role for patient knowledge. The qualitative data presented here are part of a mixed-methods study of how group medical visits and integrative medicine are combined and implemented for low-income people with chronic conditions...
June 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781395/judicialization-2-0-understanding-right-to-health-litigation-in-real-time
#2
João Biehl, Mariana P Socal, Varun Gauri, Debora Diniz, Marcelo Medeiros, Gabriela Rondon, Joseph J Amon
Over the past two decades, debate over the whys, the hows, and the effects of the ever-expanding phenomenon of right-to-health litigation ('judicialization') throughout Latin America have been marked by polarised arguments and limited information. In contrast to claims of judicialization as a positive or negative trend, less attention has been paid to ways to better understand the phenomenon in real time. In this article, we propose a new approach-Judicialization 2.0-that recognises judicialization as an integral part of democratic life...
May 21, 2018: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768372/technologies-for-participatory-medicine-and-health-promotion-in-the-elderly-population
#3
Laura Nieto-Riveiro, Betania Groba, M Carmen Miranda, Patricia Concheiro, Alejandro Pazos, Thais Pousada, Javier Pereira
INTRODUCTION: The progressive aging of the population is a socio-demographic phenomenon experienced by most countries in the world in recent decades, especially in Japan and in many European Union countries. During this process, so-called "geriatric syndromes" frequently occur. The focus of this study is the quality of life of the elderly in relation to these 3 factors: risk of falls, urinary incontinence, and insomnia. OBJECTIVE: The main purpose is to determine the impact of a multifactorial intervention program implemented with institutionalized elderly people...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755057/processes-and-outcomes-of-a-community-based-participatory-research-driven-health-needs-assessment-a-tool-for-moving-health-disparity-reporting-to-evidence-based-action
#4
Tabia Henry Akintobi, Elise Lockamy, Lisa Goodin, Natalie D Hernandez, Tanesha Slocumb, Daniel Blumenthal, Ronald Braithwaite, Larry Leeks, Micah Rowland, Thomas Cotton, LaShawn Hoffman
BACKGROUND: The community-based participatory research (CBPR)-driven health needs assessment was a tool used to inform community-led, -implemented, and -sustained research and prevention strategies. METHODS: The Morehouse School of Medicine Prevention Research Center (MSM PRC) research and prevention initiatives are implemented in direct response to priorities identified through this process and tool. Led by a community-majority coalition board, the assessment coupled state and city secondary data with primary survey data collected by and from community residents...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700072/taking-systems-medicine-to-heart
#5
REVIEW
Kalliopi Trachana, Rhishikesh Bargaje, Gustavo Glusman, Nathan D Price, Sui Huang, Leroy E Hood
Systems medicine is a holistic approach to deciphering the complexity of human physiology in health and disease. In essence, a living body is constituted of networks of dynamically interacting units (molecules, cells, organs, etc) that underlie its collective functions. Declining resilience because of aging and other chronic environmental exposures drives the system to transition from a health state to a disease state; these transitions, triggered by acute perturbations or chronic disturbance, manifest as qualitative shifts in the interactions and dynamics of the disease-perturbed networks...
April 27, 2018: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678029/how-can-information-and-communication-technology-improve-healthcare-inequalities-and-healthcare-inequity-the-concept-of-context-driven-care
#6
Kwang Chien Yee, Silvana Bettiol, Rosie Nash, Kate Macintyrne, Ming Chao Wong, Christian Nøhr
Advances in medicine have improved health and healthcare for many around the world. The challenge is achieving the best outcomes of health via healthcare delivery to every individual. Healthcare inequalities exist within a country and between countries. Health information technology (HIT) has provided a mean to deliver equal access to healthcare services regardless of social context and physical location. In order to achieve better health outcomes for every individual, socio-cultural factors, such as literacy and social context need to consider...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657394/ethnoveterinary-treatments-for-common-cattle-diseases-in-four-districts-of-the-southern-province-zambia
#7
Michelo Syakalima, Martin Simuunza, Victor Chisha Zulu
Aim: Ethno veterinary knowledge has rarely been recorded, and no or limited effort has been made to exploit this knowledge despite its widespread use in Zambia. This study documented the types of plants used to treat important animal diseases in rural Zambia as a way of initiating their sustained documentation and scientific validation. Materials and Methods: The study was done in selected districts of the Southern Zambia, Africa. The research was a participatory epidemiological study conducted in two phases...
February 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571278/localizing-global-medicine-challenges-and-opportunities-in-cervical-screening-in-an-indigenous-community-in-ecuador
#8
Peter Nugus, Julie Désalliers, Juana Morales, Lisa Graves, Andrea Evans, Ann C Macaulay
This participatory research study examines the tensions and opportunities in accessing allopathic medicine, or biomedicine, in the context of a cervical cancer screening program in a rural indigenous community of Northern Ecuador. Focusing on the influence of social networks, the article extends research on "re-appropriation" of biomedicine. It does so by recognizing two competing tensions expressed through social interactions: suspicion of allopathic medicine and the desire to maximize one's health...
April 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518596/traditional-and-formal-ecological-knowledge-to-assess-harvesting-and-conservation-of-a-mexican-tropical-dry-forest
#9
Columba Monroy-Ortiz, Edmundo García-Moya, Angélica Romero-Manzanares, Mario Luna-Cavazos, Rafael Monroy
This research integrates Traditional and Formal Ecological Knowledge (TEK / FEK) of a Tropical Dry Forest in central Mexico, in order to assess harvesting and conservation of the non-timber forest species. We were interested in: knowing the structure and diversity of the forest community; identifying which are the tree resources of common interest to the users through participatory workshops. A further interest was to identify those resources which are important to local people in terms of preservation; explaining the relationship of the species with some environmental factors; and visualizing which management practices endanger or facilitate the conservation of species...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500086/precision-medicine-in-hearing-loss
#10
REVIEW
Jason R Rudman, Christine Mei, Sara E Bressler, Susan H Blanton, Xue-Zhong Liu
Precision medicine (PM) proposes customized medical care based on a patient's unique genome, biomarkers, environment and behaviors. Hearing loss (HL) is the most common sensorineural disorder worldwide and is frequently caused by a single genetic mutation. With recent advances in PM tools such as genetic sequencing and data analysis, the field of HL is ideally positioned to adopt the strategies of PM. Here, we review current and future applications of PM in HL as they relate to the four core qualities of PM (P4): predictive, personalized, patient-centered, and participatory...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Genetics and Genomics, Yi Chuan Xue Bao
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493840/what-are-they-talking-about-content-of-the-communication-exchanges-between-nurses-patients-and-relatives-in-a-department-of-medicine-for-older-people-an-ethnographic-study
#11
Anette Johnsson, Petra Wagman, Åse Boman, Sandra Pennbrant
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore and describe the content of the communication exchanges between nurses, patients and their relatives in a department of medicine for older people in western Sweden. BACKGROUND: Information, messages and knowledge are constantly being communicated between nurses, older patients and relatives in the healthcare sector. The quality of communication between them has a major influence on patient outcomes. A prerequisite for good care to be given and received is that there is mutual understanding between the parties involved...
April 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493834/voices-used-by-nurses-when-communicating-with-patients-and-relatives-in-a-department-of-medicine-for-older-people-an-ethnographic-study
#12
Anette Johnsson, Åse Boman, Petra Wagman, Sandra Pennbrant
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe how nurses communicate with older patients and their relatives in a department of medicine for older people in western Sweden. BACKGROUND: Communication is an essential tool for nurses when working with older patients and their relatives, but often patients and relatives experience shortcomings in the communication exchanges. They may not receive information or are not treated in a professional way. Good communication can facilitate the development of a positive meeting and improve the patient's health outcome...
April 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485764/the-stuff-that-dreams-are-made-of-hiv-positive-adolescents-aspirations-for-development
#13
Rebecca Hodes, Jenny Doubt, Elona Toska, Beth Vale, Nompumelelo Zungu, Lucie Cluver
BACKGROUND: The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) commit to strengthening collaborations between governments and civil society. Adolescents are among the key target populations for global development initiatives, but research studies and programmes rarely include their direct perspectives on how to promote health and wellbeing. This article explores how both the methods and the findings of participatory research provide insights into adolescents' aspirations across the domains of health and social development...
February 2018: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461207/evaluation-of-an-online-educational-program-for-parents-and-caregivers-of-children-with-food-allergies
#14
A Ruiz-Baqués, J Contreras-Porta, M Marques-Mejías, J M Cárdenas Rebollo, F Capel Torres, M N Ariño Pla, A Zorrozua Santisteban, T Chivato
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The increasing prevalence of food allergy affects both patients and their families. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of an online educational program designed for parents and caregivers of children with food allergies. The program was developed by a multidisciplinary group comprising health care professionals, researchers, and expert patients under the participatory medicine model. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Participants took a 2-week online educational program covering major topics in food allergy management...
2018: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457561/psoriasis-in-the-perspective-of-predictive-preventive-participatory-and-personalized-medicine
#15
Peter Cm van de Kerkhof
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453029/systems-biology-of-the-human-microbiome
#16
REVIEW
Beatriz Peñalver Bernabé, Lauren Cralle, Jack A Gilbert
Recent research has shown that the microbiome-a collection of microorganisms, including bacteria, fungi, and viruses, living on and in a host-are of extraordinary importance in human health, even from conception and development in the uterus. Therefore, to further our ability to diagnose disease, to predict treatment outcomes, and to identify novel therapeutics, it is essential to include microbiome and microbial metabolic biomarkers in Systems Biology investigations. In clinical studies or, more precisely, Systems Medicine approaches, we can use the diversity and individual characteristics of the personal microbiome to enhance our resolution for patient stratification...
February 13, 2018: Current Opinion in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448941/traditional-healing-practices-in-rural-bangladesh-a-qualitative-investigation
#17
Md Imdadul Haque, A B M Alauddin Chowdhury, Md Shahjahan, Md Golam Dostogir Harun
BACKGROUND: Traditional healing practice is an important and integral part of healthcare systems in almost all countries of the world. Very few studies have addressed the holistic scenario of traditional healing practices in Bangladesh, although these serve around 80% of the ailing people. This study explored distinctive forms of traditional healing practices in rural Bangladesh. METHODS: During July to October 2007, the study team conducted 64 unstructured interviews, and 18 key informant interviews with traditional healers and patients from Bhabanipur and Jobra, two adjacent villages in Chittagong district, Bangladesh...
February 15, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445521/a-method-for-co-creation-of-an-evidence-based-patient-workbook-to-address-alcohol-use-when-quitting-smoking-in-primary-care-a-case-study
#18
Nadia Minian, Aliya Noormohamed, Laurie Zawertailo, Dolly Baliunas, Norman Giesbrecht, Bernard Le Foll, Jürgen Rehm, Andriy Samokhvalov, Peter L Selby
Plain English summary: The purpose of this paper is to describe a patient engagement event designed to create an educational workbook with smokers who drink alcohol at harmful levels. The goal was to create a workbook that combined scientific evidence with patients' values, preferences, and needs. Fourteen adult smokers who drink alcohol were invited to the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) to take part in a four-hour event to help design the workbook with the CAMH research team...
2018: Research involvement and engagement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441591/beyond-the-binaries-reshaping-pain-communication-through-arts-workshops
#19
Jen Tarr, Flora Cornish, Elena Gonzalez-Polledo
Pain is difficult to communicate and translate into language, yet most social research on pain experience uses questionnaires and semi-structured interviews that rely on words. In addition to the mind/body dualism prevalent in pain medicine in these studies pain communication is characterised by further value-laden binaries such as real/unreal, visible/invisible, and psychological/physical. Starting from the position that research methods play a role in constituting their object, this article examines the potential of participatory arts workshops for developing different versions of pain communication...
March 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436404/from-systems-biology-to-p4-medicine-applications-in-respiratory-medicine
#20
Guillaume Noell, Rosa Faner, Alvar Agustí
Human health and disease are emergent properties of a complex, nonlinear, dynamic multilevel biological system: the human body. Systems biology is a comprehensive research strategy that has the potential to understand these emergent properties holistically. It stems from advancements in medical diagnostics, "omics" data and bioinformatic computing power. It paves the way forward towards "P4 medicine" (predictive, preventive, personalised and participatory), which seeks to better intervene preventively to preserve health or therapeutically to cure diseases...
March 31, 2018: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
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