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Endocrine society guidelines

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884013/guidelines-for-growth-hormone-and-insulin-like-growth-factor-i-treatment-in-children-and-adolescents-growth-hormone-deficiency-idiopathic-short-stature-and-primary-insulin-like-growth-factor-i-deficiency
#1
Adda Grimberg, Sara A DiVall, Constantin Polychronakos, David B Allen, Laurie E Cohen, Jose Bernardo Quintos, Wilma C Rossi, Chris Feudtner, Mohammad Hassan Murad
BACKGROUND/AIMS: On behalf of the Drug and Therapeutics, and Ethics Committees of the Pediatric Endocrine Society, we sought to update the guidelines published in 2003 on the use of growth hormone (GH). Because idiopathic short stature (ISS) remains a controversial indication, and diagnostic challenges often blur the distinction between ISS, GH deficiency (GHD), and primary IGF-I deficiency (PIGFD), we focused on these three diagnoses, thereby adding recombinant IGF-I therapy to the GH guidelines for the first time...
November 25, 2016: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882481/assessment-criteria-for-vitamin-d-deficiency-insufficiency-in-japan-proposal-by-an-expert-panel-supported-by-the-research-program-of-intractable-diseases-ministry-of-health-labour-and-welfare-japan-the-japanese-society-for-bone-and-mineral-research-and-the
#2
Ryo Okazaki, Keiichi Ozono, Seiji Fukumoto, Daisuke Inoue, Mika Yamauchi, Masanori Minagawa, Toshimi Michigami, Yasuhiro Takeuchi, Toshio Matsumoto, Toshitsugu Sugimoto
Vitamin D is indispensable for the maintenance of bone and mineral health. Inadequate vitamin D action increases the risk for various musculoskeletal/mineral events including fracture, fall, secondary hyperparathyroidism, diminished response to antiresorptives, rickets/osteomalacia, and hypocalcemia. Its most common cause in recent years is vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency, clinically defined by a low serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] level. Guidelines for vitamin D insufficiency/deficiency defined by serum 25(OH)D concentrations have been published all over the world...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871720/-guidelines-for-the-prescription-of-mood-stabilizers-for-adolescents-a-literature-review
#3
G Munch, N Godart
INTRODUCTION: Adolescence is a unique phase of the human developmental process. In adolescents, psychotropic medications may have different efficacy and tolerance profiles compared to those at other stages of the lifespan. Mood stabilizers are a complex pharmacological category including lithium, some anticonvulsants, and some second generation antipsychotics. Focusing on this class of pharmacological agents, we aim to answer the following questions: in which indications and according to which modalities should mood stabilizers be prescribed during adolescence? METHODS: Information was sought from the websites of the French Haute Autorité de santé (HAS) and Agence nationale de sécurité du médicament et des produits de santé (ANSM), the American Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the British National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE)...
November 18, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845703/older-swedish-adults-with-high-self-perceived-health-show-optimal-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-levels-whereas-vitamin-d-status-is-low-in-patients-with-high-disease-burden
#4
Martin Carlsson, Pär Wanby, Lars Brudin, Erik Lexne, Karin Mathold, Rebecca Nobin, Lisa Ericson, Ola Nordqvist, Göran Petersson
Controversy pervades the definition of adequate and optimal vitamin D status. The Institutes of Medicine have recommended serum 25(OH)D levels above 50 nmol/L based upon evidence related to bone health, but some experts, including the Endocrine Society and International Osteoporosis Foundation, suggest a minimum serum 25(OH)D level of 75 nmol/L to reduce the risk of falls and fractures in older adults. In a cross-sectional study, we compared vitamin D status in people ≥75 years selected from four groups with a frailty phenotype, combined with a control group free from serious illness, and who considered themselves completely healthy...
November 11, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819155/drugs-for-the-treatment-of-pediatric-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-related-co-morbidities
#5
Ozra Tabatabaei-Malazy, Shekoufeh Nikfar, Bagher Larijani, Mohammad Abdollahi
The continuing global epidemic of obesity in adolescents has raised the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Despite the wealth of information concerning T2DM in adults, rare data are available targeting treatment of T2DM in pediatric. Areas covered: This article has reviewed clinical practice guidelines, particularly the American Diabetes Association and the Pediatric Endocrine Society consensus, jointly with clinical trial data available in databases with respect to the use of available pharmacological options to treat T2DM and its complications in youth...
November 21, 2016: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812706/vitamin-d-deficiency-in-hiv-infected-children
#6
Ayesha Mirza, Saran Wells, Tabitha Gayton, Carmen Smotherman, Azeem Rathore, Dale Kraemer, Mobeen Rathore
OBJECTIVES: Improvement in life expectancy with the use of combination antiretroviral therapy has come with the recognition of the complications associated with chronic human immunodeficiency virus infection. Vitamin D has been of particular interest because of its effect on bone health and immune functions. The purpose of this study was to assess vitamin D status in children in relation to the duration and severity of their human immunodeficiency virus infection and nutritional status, as well as to determine whether there was any effect of seasonality...
November 2016: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783196/management-of-prolactinomas-a-survey-of-physicians-from-the-middle-east-and-north-africa
#7
Salem A Beshyah, Ibrahim H Sherif, Farida Chentli, Amir Hamrahian, Aly B Khalil, Hussein Raef, Mohamed El-Fikki, Selim Jambart
BACKGROUND: Prolactinomas are the commonest functional tumors of the pituitary gland. There are still controversies regarding medical therapy in specific clinical situations. Patients may be managed by different specialists in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region and no data exist on patterns of clinical management. OBJECTIVES: To ascertain the diagnostic and therapeutic approaches to prolactinomas among relevant professionals from the MENA region. METHODS: An online survey of a large sample of physicians was conducted...
October 25, 2016: Pituitary
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769660/rates-of-secondary-hyperparathyroidism-after-bypass-operation-for-super-morbid-obesity-an-overlooked-phenomenon
#8
Michael G White, Marc A Ward, Megan K Applewhite, Harry Wong, Vivek Prachand, Peter Angelos, Edwin L Kaplan, Raymon H Grogan
BACKGROUND: With over 110,000 bariatric operations performed in the United States annually, it is important to understand the biochemical abnormalities causing endocrine dysfunction associated with these procedures. Here we compare 2 malabsorptive procedures, duodenal switch and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, to determine the role malabsorption plays in secondary hyperparathyroidism in this population. METHODS: Data from all super-obese patients undergoing duodenal switch or Roux-en-Y gastric bypass between August 2002 and October 2005 were prospectively collected...
October 18, 2016: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754244/os-35-04-the-aa2-ratio-towards-improved-screening-for-primary-aldosteronism-in-hypertension
#9
Marko Poglitsch, Ashraf H Ahmed, Michael Resl, Andrea Stoller, Dunja Van Oyen, Cornelia Schwager, Claudia Aigner, Oliver Domenig, Michael Krebs, Manuel Haschke, Michael Stowasser
OBJECTIVE: Primary aldosteronism (PA) is form of hypertension characterized by production of aldosterone by the adrenal that is excessive and relatively autonomous of the renin-angiotensin system. Once detected, unilateral PA can be usually cured by surgical removal of the affected adrenal, while bilateral PA can be specifically treated by medications, which antagonize aldosterone action. Clinical guidelines of Endocrine Societies in Europe and the US recommend screening for PA among most hypertensive patients...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754198/js-ish-eccr-3-a-novel-algorithm-for-the-case-detection-of-the-most-common-form-of-endocrine-hypertension
#10
Gian Paolo Rossi
Primary aldosteronism (PA) involves more than 11% of patients referred to specialized hypertension centers and, therefore, is much more common than commonly held. Moreover, it causes a damage to the heart, blood vessels and kidneys, which translates into a high rate of cardiovascular events, in excess to the degree of blood pressure raise. Along with the notion that a timely diagnosis entails a fundamental step for the choice of an appropriate therapy, which can correct the arterial hypertension and the hypokalemia, this justifies efforts to search for PA in the majority of the patients with hypertension...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746415/2016-guidelines-for-the-management-of-thyroid-storm-from-the-japan-thyroid-association-and-japan-endocrine-society-first-edition
#11
Tetsurou Satoh, Osamu Isozaki, Atsushi Suzuki, Shu Wakino, Tadao Iburi, Kumiko Tsuboi, Naotetsu Kanamoto, Hajime Otani, Yasushi Furukawa, Satoshi Teramukai, Takashi Akamizu
Thyroid storm is an endocrine emergency which is characterized by multiple organ failure due to severe thyrotoxicosis, often associated with triggering illnesses. Early suspicion, prompt diagnosis and intensive treatment will improve survival in thyroid storm patients. Because of its rarity and high mortality, prospective intervention studies for the treatment of thyroid storm are difficult to carry out. We, the Japan Thyroid Association and Japan Endocrine Society taskforce committee, previously developed new diagnostic criteria and conducted nationwide surveys for thyroid storm in Japan...
October 15, 2016: Endocrine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736313/hormonal-replacement-in-hypopituitarism-in-adults-an-endocrine-society-clinical-practice-guideline
#12
Maria Fleseriu, Ibrahim A Hashim, Niki Karavitaki, Shlomo Melmed, M Hassan Murad, Roberto Salvatori, Mary H Samuels
OBJECTIVE: To formulate clinical practice guidelines for hormonal replacement in hypopituitarism in adults. PARTICIPANTS: The participants include an Endocrine Society-appointed Task Force of six experts, a methodologist, and a medical writer. The American Association for Clinical Chemistry, the Pituitary Society, and the European Society of Endocrinology co-sponsored this guideline. EVIDENCE: The Task Force developed this evidence-based guideline using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation system to describe the strength of recommendations and the quality of evidence...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729936/prognostic-markers-in-smear-preparations-for-pancreatic-endocrine-neoplasms-a-cytomorphologic-study-and-statistical-analysis-of-20-potential-prognostic-features
#13
Lester J Layfield, Robert L Schmidt, Jack Campbell, Magda Esebua
BACKGROUND: Papanicolaou Society of Cytopathology guidelines place low- and intermediate-grade pancreatic endocrine tumors into the "neoplastic, other" category whereas high-grade pancreatic endocrine tumors are placed in the "malignant" category. No attempt was made to stratify pancreatic endocrine tumors in the "neoplastic, other" category by likelihood for metastases. Histologically, pancreatic endocrine tumors are divided into well, intermediate, and poorly differentiated examples based on mitotic count and Ki-67 proliferation index (PI)...
2016: CytoJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717219/comprehensive-management-of-recurrent-thyroid-cancer-an-american-head-and-neck-society-consensus-statement-ahns-consensus-statement
#14
Joseph Scharpf, Michael Tuttle, Richard Wong, Drew Ridge, Russell Smith, Dana Hartl, Robert Levine, Gregory Randolph
This American Head and Neck Society (AHNS) consensus statement focuses on the detection and management of recurrent thyroid cancer. This document describes the radiologic approach to defining structural recurrent disease and the operative and nonoperative rationale in addressing identified structural disease to create equipoise in the personalized treatment strategy for the patient. The recommendations of this AHNS multidisciplinary consensus panel of the American Head and Neck Society are intended to help guide all multidisciplinary clinicians who diagnose or manage adult patients with thyroid cancer...
December 2016: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710244/the-diagnosis-and-management-of-lipodystrophy-syndromes-a-multi-society-practice-guideline
#15
Rebecca J Brown, David Araujo-Vilar, Pik To Cheung, David Dunger, Abhimanyu Garg, Michelle Jack, Lucy Mungai, Elif A Oral, Nivedita Patni, Kristina Rother, Julia von Schnurbein, Ekaterina Sorkina, Takara Stanley, Corinne Vigouroux, Martin Wabitsch, Rachel Williams, Tohru Yorifuji
OBJECTIVE: Lipodystrophy syndromes are extremely rare disorders of deficient body fat associated with potentially serious metabolic complications, including diabetes, hypertriglyceridemia, and steatohepatitis. Due to their rarity, most clinicians are not familiar with their diagnosis and management. This practice guideline summarizes diagnosis and management of lipodystrophy syndromes not associated with HIV or injectable drugs. PARTICIPANTS: Seventeen participants were nominated by worldwide endocrine societies or selected by the committee as content experts...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687737/nutritional-risk-factors-and-status-of-serum-25-oh-d-levels-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-a-case-control-study-in-india
#16
Nighat Y Sofi, Monika Jain, Umesh Kapil, Vuthaluru Seenu, Vineet Kumar Kamal, Ravinder Mohan Pandey
To study the nutritional risk factors and status of serum 25(OH)D levels in patients with breast cancer. A total of 100 women (cases) with confirmed breast cancer (BC) matched with equal number of healthy females (controls) of similar age and socioeconomic status (SES) were included in study. Controls included were nonbreast cancer patients who accompanied the patients to a tertiary care hospital. All the subjects (cases and controls) were administered a questionnaires to collect data on socioeconomic status, dietary pattern and the frequency of food consumption using a validated food frequency questionnaire...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681246/the-importance-of-not-overlooking-curable-hypertension-primary-aldosteronism-rarely-screened-for-reflecting-poor-uptake-of-endocrine-society-guidelines
#17
Richard D Gordon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651580/prevalence-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-in-burka-clad-pregnant-women-in-a-450-bedded-maternity-hospital-of-delhi
#18
Sangita Nangia Ajmani, Mohini Paul, Poonam Chauhan, A K Ajmani, Namrta Yadav
AIM: To assess the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in burka-clad pregnant women and to study feto-maternal outcome in these women. METHODS: 200 pregnant burka-clad women of 18-40-year age group irrespective of the period of gestation were recruited from the ANC OPD/ward of Kasturba hospital, and their vitamin D levels were estimated. Patients were categorized into vitamin D deficient, vitamin D inadequate, and vitamin D adequate according to The Endocrine Society Guidelines...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644091/clinical-significance-of-prophylactic-central-compartment-neck-dissection-in-the-treatment-of-clinically-node-negative-papillary-thyroid-cancer-patients
#19
REVIEW
Claudio Gambardella, Ernesto Tartaglia, Anna Nunziata, Graziella Izzo, Giuseppe Siciliano, Fabio Cavallo, Claudio Mauriello, Salvatore Napolitano, Guglielmo Thomas, Domenico Testa, Gianluca Rossetti, Alessandro Sanguinetti, Nicola Avenia, Giovanni Conzo
BACKGROUND: Lymph nodal involvement is very common in differentiated thyroid cancer, and in addition, cervical lymph node micrometastases are observed in up to 80 % of papillary thyroid cancers. During the last decades, the role of routine central lymph node dissection (RCLD) in the treatment of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) has been an object of research, and it is now still controversial. Nevertheless, many scientific societies and referral authors have definitely stated that even if in expert hands, RCLD is not associated to higher morbidity; it should be indicated only in selected cases...
September 19, 2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643209/os-35-04-the-aa2-ratio-towards-improved-screening-for-primary-aldosteronism-in-hypertension
#20
Marko Poglitsch, Ashraf H Ahmed, Michael Resl, Andrea Stoller, Dunja Van Oyen, Cornelia Schwager, Claudia Aigner, Oliver Domenig, Michael Krebs, Manuel Haschke, Michael Stowasser
OBJECTIVE: Primary aldosteronism (PA) is form of hypertension characterized by production of aldosterone by the adrenal that is excessive and relatively autonomous of the renin-angiotensin system. Once detected, unilateral PA can be usually cured by surgical removal of the affected adrenal, while bilateral PA can be specifically treated by medications, which antagonize aldosterone action. Clinical guidelines of Endocrine Societies in Europe and the US recommend screening for PA among most hypertensive patients...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
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