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M Touceda-González, Á Prieto-Fernández, G Renella, L Giagnoni, A Sessitsch, G Brader, J Kumpiene, I Dimitriou, J Eriksson, W Friesl-Hanl, R Galazka, J Janssen, M Mench, I Müller, S Neu, M Puschenreiter, G Siebielec, J Vangronsveld, P S Kidd
Gentle remediation options (GRO) are based on the combined use of plants, associated microorganisms and soil amendments, which can potentially restore soil functions and quality. We studied the effects of three GRO (aided-phytostabilisation, in situ stabilisation and phytoexclusion, and aided-phytoextraction) on the soil microbial biomass and respiration, the activities of hydrolase enzymes involved in the biogeochemical cycles of C, N, P, and S, and bacterial community structure of trace element contaminated soils (TECS) from six field trials across Europe...
August 10, 2017: Environmental Pollution
A Wiszniewska, E Hanus-Fajerska, E Muszyńska, S Smoleń
Two species of Pb-adapted shrubs, Alyssum montanum and Daphne jasminea, were evaluated in vitro for their tolerance to elevated concentrations of cadmium. Shoot cultures were treated with 0.5, 2.5, and 5.0 μM CdCl2 for 16 weeks and analyzed for their organogenic response, biomass accretion, pigment content, and macronutrient status. Cadmium accumulation and its root-to-shoot translocation were also determined. In both species, rooted microplantlets, suitable for acclimatization, were obtained in the presence of Cd applied as selection agent...
2017: Water, Air, and Soil Pollution
Mirosław Mleczek, Piotr Goliński, Magdalena Krzesłowska, Monika Gąsecka, Zuzanna Magdziak, Paweł Rutkowski, Sylwia Budzyńska, Bogusława Waliszewska, Tomisław Kozubik, Zbigniew Karolewski, Przemysław Niedzielski
The aim of the study was to compare the phytoextraction abilities of six tree species (Acer platanoides L., Acer pseudoplatanus L., Betula pendula Roth, Quercus robur L., Tilia cordata Miller, Ulmus laevis Pall.), cultivated on mining sludge contaminated with arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), copper (Cu), lead (Pb), thallium (Tl), and zinc (Zn). All six tree species were able to survive on such an unpromising substrate. However, A. platanoides and T. cordata seedlings grown on the polluted substrate showed significantly lower biomass than control plants (55...
August 9, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Yang Yang, Yichen Ge, Hongyuan Zeng, Xihong Zhou, Liang Peng, Qingru Zeng
The aim of this study was to estimate the influence of regenerated tobacco on the extraction of Cd from two acidic soils as well as to address the problem of how to deal with contaminated leaves following phytoextraction. Results showed that a coppicing tobacco led to a decline in Cd concentration in regenerated leaves and stalks when plants were grown in pots, but increased concentrations in regenerated lower and middle leaves when plants were grown under field conditions. The highest recorded bioconcentration factors in Chaling and Guanxi soil were 37...
August 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
Liang Wang, Hai Lin, Yingbo Dong, Yinhai He, Chenjing Liu
This study investigates the V-resistant endophytic bacteria isolated from V-accumulator Pteris vittata grown on stone coal smelting district. Among all the ten isolates, the strain PRE01 identified as Serratia marcescens ss marcescens by Biolog GEN III MicroPlate™ was screened out by ranking first in terms of heavy metal resistance and plant growth promoting traits. The S. marcescens PRE01 had strong V, Cr and Cd resistance especially for V up to 1500mg/L. In addition, it exhibited ACC deaminase activity, siderophore production and high indoleacetic acid production (60...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Behnam Asgari Lajayer, Mansour Ghorbanpour, Shahab Nikabadi
Contamination of soils, water and air with toxic heavy metals by various human activities is a crucial environmental problem in both developing and developed countries. Heavy metals could be introduced into medicinal plant products through contaminated environment (soil, water and air resources) and/or poor production practices. Growing of medicinal plants in heavy metal polluted environments may eventually affect the biosynthesis of secondary metabolites, causing significant changes in the quantity and quality of these compounds...
July 28, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Xiong Li, Xiaoming Zhang, Boqun Li, Yuansheng Wu, Hang Sun, Yongping Yang
Phytoextraction is a phytoremediation technique used for remediating polluted soils and it greatly relies on the plants' capacities to accumulate contaminants. Turnip is a high cadmium (Cd)-accumulating plant. We compared the Cd tolerance, growth, and Cd accumulation characteristics of two turnip landraces with three additional commonly known high Cd-accumulating species to systematically estimate its Cd phytoremediation potential. Results showed that the turnips could tolerate relatively lower Cd concentrations than other plants...
July 27, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Mujahid Farid, Shafaqat Ali, Muhammad Rizwan, Rashid Saeed, Hafiz Muhammad Tauqeer, Rasham Sallah-Ud-Din, Ahmed Azam, Nighat Raza
The complex bio-geochemistry of soil allows pollutant to persist for a longer period of time which further decreased the fertility and natural composition of land. Nickel, an inorganic pollutant, coming from a wide range of industrial and manufacturing units possesses serious threat to soil degradation and crop productivity around the world. The present study was carried to evaluate the combined role of microwave irradiation (MR) and citric acid (CA) on the phytoextraction potential of Brassica napus L. under Ni stress...
July 20, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Pankaj Gupta, Vivek Jain, Ashutosh Pareek, Preeti Kumari, Randhir Singh, Priyanka Agarwal, Veena Sharma
Rising popularity of phytomedicines in various diseased conditions have strengthened the significance of plant-research and evaluation of phytoextracts in clinical manifestations. Pterocarpus marsupium Roxb., a medicinal plant, known for its anti-oxidant and anti-diabetic activity is a rich source of phytochemicals with antihyperglycemic and antihyperlipidemic activities. However, its possible role in diabetic complications is not evaluated yet. The present study explores the possible role of alcoholic extract of heartwood of P...
July 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
Martina Benáková, Hassan Ahmadi, Zuzana Dučaiová, Edita Tylová, Stephan Clemens, Jiří Tůma
Clarifying the connection between metal exposure and anatomical changes represents an important challenge for a better understanding of plant phytoextraction potential. A hydroponic screening experiment was carried out to evaluate the effects of combined interactions of Cd and Zn on mineral uptake (Mg, K, Ca, Na) and on the physiological and anatomical characteristics of Brassica napus L cv. Cadeli, Viking, and Navajo. Plants were exposed to 5 μM Cd (CdCl2), 10 μM Zn (ZnSO4), or both Cd + Zn, for 14 days...
July 16, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Mujahid Farid, Shafaqat Ali, Muhammad Rizwan, Qasim Ali, Farhat Abbas, Syed Asad Hussain Bukhari, Rashid Saeed, Longhua Wu
Soil and water contamination from heavy metals and metalloids is one of the most discussed and burning global issues due to its potential to cause the scarcity of healthy food and safe water. The scientific community is proposing a range of lab and field based physical, chemical and biological solutions to remedy metals and metalloids contaminated soils and water. The present study finds out a possibility of Chromium (Cr) extraction by sunflower from spiked soil under chelating role of citric acid (CA). The sunflower plants were grown under different concentrations of Cr (0, 5, 10 & 20mgkg(-1)) and CA (0, 2...
July 12, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Aymeric Yanitch, Nicholas J B Brereton, Emmanuel Gonzalez, Michel Labrecque, Simon Joly, Frederic E Pitre
Arsenic (As) is a toxic element for plants and one of the most common anthropogenic pollutants found at contaminated sites. Despite its severe effects on plant metabolism, several species can accumulate substantial amounts of arsenic and endure the associated stress. However, the genetic mechanisms involved in arsenic tolerance remains obscure in many model plant species used for land decontamination (phytoremediation), including willows. The present study assesses the potential of Salix purpurea cv. 'Fish Creek' for arsenic phytoextraction and reveals the genetic responses behind arsenic tolerance, phytoextraction and metabolism...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
Waheed Ullah Khan, Sajid Rashid Ahmad, Nasim Ahmad Yasin, Aamir Ali, Aqeel Ahmad, Waheed Akram
The current research was performed to evaluate the effect of Bacillus megaterium MCR-8 on mitigation of nickel (Ni) stress in Vinca rosea grown on Ni-contaminated soil (50, 100, and 200 mg Ni kg(-1) soil). The treated plants exhibited reduced growth, biomass, gas exchange capacity, and chlorophyll (Chl) content under Ni stress. The inoculated plants growing in Ni-contaminated media exhibited relatively higher growth, total soluble protein, and proline contents. Similarly, bacterial inoculation improved the activity of antioxidant enzymes including superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), peroxidase (POD), and ascorbate peroxidase (APX) under Ni stress...
September 2, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
Keqiang Li, Lijin Lin, Jin Wang, Hui Xia, Dong Liang, Xun Wang, Ming'an Liao, Li Wang, Li Liu, Cheng Chen, Yi Tang
With the development of economy, the heavy metal contamination has become an increasingly serious problem, especially the cadmium (Cd) contamination. The emergent plant Nasturtium officinale R. Br. is a Cd-accumulator with low phytoremediation ability. To improve Cd phytoextraction efficiency of N. officinale, the straw from Cd-hyperaccumulator plants Youngia erythrocarpa, Galinsoga parviflora, Siegesbeckia orientalis, and Bidens pilosa was applied to Cd-contaminated soil and N. officinale was then planted; the study assessed the effect of hyperaccumulator straw on the growth and Cd accumulation of N...
August 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Ivan Zelko, Stéphanie Ouvrard, Catherine Sirguey
Co-phytoremediation of both trace elements and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) is an emerging technique to treat multi-contaminated soils. In this study, root morphological and structural features of the heavy metal hyperaccumulator Noccaea caerulescens, exposed to a model PAH phenanthrene (PHE) in combination with cadmium (Cd), were observed. In vitro cultivated seedlings were exposed to 2 mM of PHE and/or 5 μM of Cd for 1 week. Co-phytoremediation effectiveness appeared restricted because of a serious inhibition (about 40%) of root and shoot biomass production in presence of PHE, while Cd had no significant adverse effect on these parameters...
July 6, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
YiPing Tai, YuFen Yang, ZhiAn Li, Yang Yang, JiaXi Wang, Ping Zhuang, Bi Zou
Untreated water from mining sites spreads heavy metal contamination. The present study assessed the phytoextraction performance of heavy metal accumulating plants and the effects of chemical chelators on cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), zinc (Zn), and copper (Cu) removal from paddy fields that have been continuously irrigated with mining wastewater from mines for 55 years. Outdoor pot experiments showed that the total Pb, Zn, and Cd content was lower in the rhizosphere soil of Amaranthus hypochondriacus than in that of Sedum alfredii, Solanum nigrum, and Sorghum bicolor...
July 5, 2017: Environmental Technology
Firdaus-E- Bareen, Sarwat Saeed, Humera Afrasiab
Tannery waste is a major environmental concern needing proper management. Tannery solid waste (TSW) can be added to the soil as an organic amendment but needs metal removal. Chelant assisted phytoremediation hastens the process of metal removal but also poses risk of leaching. This research evaluates EDTA assisted phytoextraction and associated leaching hazard using metal tolerant plants. Greenhouse trials were carried out with sunflower, spinach and marigold using columns of uniform diameter packed with field soil and multi-metal contamination of TSW (5% and 10%) with four EDTA doses...
July 5, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
Sadikshya R Dangi, Gary Bañuelos, Jeffrey S Buyer, Bradley Hanson, James Gerik
Poplar trees (Populus spp.) are often used in bioremediation strategies because of their ability to phytoextract potential toxic ions, e.g., selenium (Se) from poor quality soils. Soil microorganisms may play a vital role in sustaining health of soil and/or tolerance of these trees grown in poor quality soils by contributing to nutrient cycling, soil structure, overall soil quality and plant survival. The effect of naturally-occurring salts, boron (B) and Se on soil microbial community composition associated with poplar trees is not known for bioremediation strategies...
July 5, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
William Ramos da Silva, Fernando Bruno Vieira da Silva, Paula Renata Muniz Araújo, Clístenes Williams Araújo do Nascimento
Soils impacted by metallurgy activities pose serious risks to the health of exposed populations, whether by ingestion of soil or contaminated food and water. The municipality of Santo Amaro, Bahia state, presents the most important case of human lead contamination in Brazil. It occurred because of inadequate slag disposal. The aims of this research were to: (i) determine the environmentally available concentrations and the distribution of As, Cd, Pb, and Zn in soil fractions; (ii) estimate the non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic risks of these elements for children; and (iii) to evaluate the use of corn (Zea mays) and castor bean (Ricinus communis) either for phytoextraction induced by chelating agents or phytostabilization...
July 1, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Ivana Radojčić Redovniković, Alessandra De Marco, Chiara Proietti, Karla Hanousek, Marija Sedak, Nina Bilandžić, Tamara Jakovljević
An outdoor pot experiment was designed to study the potential of poplar (Populus nigra 'Italica') in phytoremediation of cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb). Poplar was treated with a combination of different concentrations of Cd (w = 10, 25, 50mgkg(-1) soil) and Pb (400, 800, 1200mgkg(-1) soil) and several physiological and biochemical parameters were monitored including the accumulation and distribution of metals in different plant parts (leaf, stem, root). Simultaneously, the changes in the antioxidant system in roots and leaves were monitored to be able to follow synergistic effects of both heavy metals...
June 28, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
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