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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646396/enhanced-phytoextraction-of-lead-from-artificially-contaminated-soil-by-mirabilis-jalapa-with-chelating-agents
#1
Li Yan, Cuilan Li, Jinjing Zhang, Odeshnee Moodley, Shuoran Liu, Chang Lan, Qiang Gao, Wenjing Zhang
A microcosm experiment was conducted to compare how different chelating agents enhance the phytoextraction of lead (Pb) by Mirabilis jalapa from an artificially Pb-contaminated soil. Chelating agents used included ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA), nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA), ethylene diamine disuccinic acid (EDDS), oxalic acid, humic acid, citric acid and tartaric acid, with concentrations ranging from 0 to 2000 mg/kg. Results show that with increasing concentrations of chelating agents, the concentrations, bioaccumulation coefficients, and translocation factors of Pb in M...
June 23, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644041/identifying-the-functional-groups-and-the-influence-of-synthetic-chelators-on-cd-availability-and-microbial-biomass-carbon-in-cd-contaminated-soil
#2
Muhammad Afzal Chhajro, Qingling Fu, Muhammad Shaaban, Muhammad Shahid Rizwan, Jun Zhu, Abdus Salam, Kashif Ali Kubar, Saqib Bashir, Hongqing Hu, Ghulam Murtaza Jamro
Synthetic chelators play an important role in boosting the microbial biomass carbon (MBC), dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and heavy metal solubility in a contaminated soil towards a sustainability of environment for agricultural crops. Castor was selected as a potential cadmium (Cd) accumulator in different levels of Cd (-Cd and +Cd) contamination with using three chelating agents, ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid (H4EDTA), nitriloacetic acid (H3 NTA) and NH4 citrate (ammonium citrate) were added to soil at rates of 10, 15 and 25 mmol in 5 kg of soil per pot...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639015/phytoextraction-of-pb-cr-ni-and-zn-using-the-aquatic-plant-limnobium-laevigatum-and-its-potential-use-in-the-treatment-of-wastewater
#3
Daniela Silvina Arán, Carlos Alfredo Harguinteguy, Alicia Fernandez-Cirelli, María Luisa Pignata
In order to study the bioaccumulation of Pb, Cr, Ni, and Zn and the stress response, the floating aquatic plant Limnobium laevigatum was exposed to increasing concentrations of a mixture of these metals for 28 days, and its potential use in the treatment of wastewater was evaluated. The metal concentrations of the treatment 1 (T1) were Pb 1 μg L(-1), Cr 4 μg L(-1), Ni 25 μg L(-1), and Zn 30 μg L(-1); of treatment 2 (T2) were Pb 70 μg L(-1), Cr 70 μg L(-1), Ni 70 μg L(-1), and Zn 70 μg L(-1); and of treatment 3 (T3) were Pb 1000 μg L(-1), Cr 1000 μg L(-1), Ni 500 μg L(-1), and Zn 100 μg L(-1), and there was also a control group (without added metal)...
June 21, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633518/the-optimization-of-siderophore-production-by-bacillus-sp-pz-1-and-its-potential-enhancement-on-phytoextration-of-pb-from-soil
#4
Sumei Yu, Chunying Teng, Xin Bai, Jinsong Liang, Tao Song, Liying Dong, Yu Jin, Juanjuan Qu
In this study, the siderophore-producing characteristics and conditions of Bacillus sp. PZ-1 were investigated and the enhancement of siderophores on Pb uptake and translocation in Brassica juncea were determined. Results of single factor experiment showed that glucose, pH and Pb(NO3)2 could stimulate PZ-1 growth and siderophore production. The maximum siderophore production of 90.52% siderophore units was obtained by response surface methodology optimization at glucose concentration of 21.84 g/l, pH 6.18 and Pb(NO3)2 concentration of 245...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614755/copper-and-nickel-co-treatment-alters-metal-uptake-and-stress-parameters-of-salix-purpurea%C3%A3-viminalis
#5
Kinga Drzewiecka, Mirosław Mleczek, Monika Gąsecka, Zuzanna Magdziak, Anna Budka, Tamara Chadzinikolau, Zygmunt Kaczmarek, Piotr Goliński
Simultaneous treatment of Salix purpurea×viminalis with copper (Cu(2+)) and nickel (Ni(2+)) altered metal phytoextraction rates in favor of leaves. Still, metal translocation patters remained unaffected (roots≈rods>leaves≥shoots), reaching ∼20 and 14.5mgkg(-1) dry weight in roots for Cu and Ni, respectively. Biometric parameters revealed overall growth inhibition correlated with Cu content in leaves, thus proving its negative effect on photosynthesis. Metal toxicity was strongly affirmed in the case of roots (∼90% loss of root biomass at 3mM), rather than in the above-ground organs...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613080/wetland-based-phytoremediation-of-biosolids-from-an-end-of-life-municipal-lagoon-a-microcosm-study
#6
Inoka Amarakoon, Adenike O Hassan, Francis Zvomuya
This study examined the effectiveness of a wetland system for phytoremediation of biosolids from an end-of-life municipal lagoon. The microcosm experiment tested the effects of one vs. two harvests of cattail per growth cycle in biosolids without (PB) or with (PBS) the addition of soil on phytoremediation. Cattail (Typha latifolia)) seedlings were transplanted into pots containing 4.5 kg (dry wt.) of biosolids, above which a 10-cm deep water column was maintained. Results showed that two harvests per growth cycle significantly increased N and P phytoextraction relative to a single harvest...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600794/citric-acid-enhanced-the-antioxidant-defense-system-and-chromium-uptake-by-lemna-minor-l-grown-in-hydroponics-under-cr-stress
#7
Rasham Sallah-Ud-Din, Mujahid Farid, Rashid Saeed, Shafaqat Ali, Muhammad Rizwan, Hafiz Muhammad Tauqeer, Syed Asad Hussain Bukhari
Phytoextraction is a cost-effective and eco-friendly technique for the removal of pollutants, mainly heavy metal(loids) especially from polluted water and metal-contaminated soils. The phytoextraction of heavy metals is, in general, limited due to the low availability of heavy metals in the growth medium. Organic chelators can help to improve the phytoextraction by increasing metal mobility and solubility in the growth medium. The present research was carried out to examine the possibility of citric acid (CA) in improving chromium (Cr) phytoextraction by Lemna minor (duckweed)...
June 9, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554021/the-effectiveness-and-efficiency-of-phytoremediation-of-a-multicontaminated-industrial-site-porto-marghera-venice-lagoon-italy
#8
C Guarino, R Sciarrillo
The Venice Lagoon is worldwide considered as a typical example of the human impact on the surrounding ecosystem. The development of the industrial zone of Porto Marghera begun in 1917 as an extension of the Venice Port, in order to sustain activities related to oil and coal, as well as to exploit the railway system. Despite the recent decrease in the number of employees, Porto Marghera is still one of the most important chemical districts in Italy. This study reports early results from the ongoing in-situ phytoextraction of potentially toxic elements (Cd, Hg, Zn) within the industrial area of Porto Marghera...
May 19, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545213/safe-utilization-of-heavy-metal-contaminated-farmland-by-mulberry-tree-cultivation-and-silk-production
#9
Xiaoming Wan, Mei Lei, Tongbin Chen, Yongbi Tan, Junxing Yang
Heavy-metal-contaminated soil threatens human health and environmental safety. Complete remediation of contaminated soil is expensive; therefore, phytomanagement has emerged as a cost-effective alternative. The current study investigated mulberry tree (Morus alba) plantation, silkworm cultivation, and silk production as phytomanagement options. Results defined the safety of planting mulberry trees in soils with lead (Pb) and arsenic (As) concentrations lower than 369 and 180mgkg(-1), respectively. Silkworms fed with mulberry leaves collected from slightly contaminated soil exhibited productive growth and normal silk production...
December 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532161/modelling-of-phytoextraction-efficiency-of-microbially-stimulated-salix-dasyclados-l-in-the-soils-with-different-speciation-of-heavy-metals
#10
Michał Złoch, Tomasz Kowalkowski, Jarosław Tyburski, Katarzyna Hrynkiewicz
Bioaugmentation of soils with selected microorganisms during phytoextraction can be the key solution, but the actual efficacy of this technology should be confirmed for different physicochemical soil parameters and heavy metal availability to guarantee the universality of this method. Equally important is development of the accurate prediction tool to manage phytoremediation process.The main objective of this study was to evaluate the role of three metalotolerant siderophore-producing Streptomyces sp. B1-B3 strains in the phytoremediation of heavy metals with the use of S...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531917/assessing-phytotoxicity-of-trace-element-contaminated-soils-phytomanaged-with-gentle-remediation-options-at-ten-european-field-trials
#11
Celestino Quintela-Sabarís, Lilian Marchand, Petra S Kidd, Wolfgang Friesl-Hanl, Markus Puschenreiter, Jurate Kumpiene, Ingo Müller, Silke Neu, Jolien Janssen, Jaco Vangronsveld, Ioannis Dimitriou, Grzegorz Siebielec, Rafał Gałązka, Valérie Bert, Rolf Herzig, Andrew B Cundy, Nadège Oustrière, Aliaksandr Kolbas, William Galland, Michel Mench
Gentle remediation options (GRO), i.e. in situ stabilisation, (aided) phytoextraction and (aided) phytostabilisation, were implemented at ten European sites contaminated with trace elements (TE) from various anthropogenic sources: mining, atmospheric fallout, landfill leachates, wood preservatives, dredged-sediments, and dumped wastes. To assess the performance of the GRO options, topsoil was collected from each field trial, potted, and cultivated with lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) for 48days. Shoot dry weight (DW) yield, photosynthesis efficiency and major element and TE concentrations in the soil pore water and lettuce shoots were measured...
December 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531837/possible-developments-for-ex-situ-phytoremediation-of-contaminated-sediments-in-tropical-and-subtropical-regions-review
#12
REVIEW
Marco Pittarello, Jader Galba Busato, Paolo Carletti, Leonardo Barros Dobbss
The growing problem of remediation of contaminated sediments dredged from harbor channels needs to be resolved by a cost effective and sustainable technology. Phytoremediation, by ex situ remediation plants, seems to have the potential to replace traditional methods in case of moderately contaminated sediments. On the other side, the need to mix sediments with soil and/or sand to allow an easier establishment of most employed species causes an increase of the volume of the processed substrate up to 30%. Moreover the majority of phytoremediating species are natives of temperate climate belt...
April 22, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479231/assisted-green-remediation-of-chromium-pollution
#13
M Gheju, I Balcu
The effects of application of two anions commonly found in subsurface environments, phosphate (PO4(3-)) and sulfate (SO4(2-)), on hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) uptake and translocation by Zea mays, were investigated using pot-culture experiments. The two anions were tested as potential agents to mobilize Cr(VI) from polluted soil (50, 75 and 100 mg kg(-1) dw) at a dose of 16.7 mmol kg(-1). Metal uptake from soil to roots and subsequent transfer to shoots was discussed in terms of bioconcentration factor (BCF) and translocation factor (TF)...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458213/decapitation-improves-the-efficiency-of-cd-phytoextraction-by-celosia-argentea-linn
#14
Jie Liu, Xuehong Zhang, Lingyun Mo, Shiyin Yao, Yixuan Wang
The effect of decapitation on enhancing plant growth and Cd accumulation in Celosia argentea Linn. was evaluated using a pot experiment. Decapitation significantly enhanced the growth of C. argentea. The numbers of branch and leaf in the decapitated plants (DP) were significantly higher than those in undecapitated plants (UDP, p < 0.05). Decapitation increased the biomass by 75%-105% for roots, 108%-152% for stems, and 80%-107% for leaves. Although the transpiration and photosynthesis rates were not significantly different between DP and UPD, decapitation significantly increased the total leaf area and total transpiration per plant (p < 0...
April 21, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456920/non-enhanced-phytoextraction-of-cadmium-zinc-and-lead-by-high-yielding-crops
#15
Markéta Mayerová, Šárka Petrová, Mikuláš Madaras, Jan Lipavský, Tomáš Šimon, Tomáš Vaněk
Heavy metal soil contamination from mining and smelting has been reported in several regions around the world, and phytoextraction, using plants to accumulate risk elements in aboveground harvestable organs, is a useful method of substantially reducing this contamination. In our 3-year experiment, we tested the hypothesis that phytoextraction can be successful in local soil conditions without external fertilizer input. The phytoextraction efficiency of 15 high-yielding crop species was assessed in a field experiment performed at the Litavka River alluvium in the Příbram region of Czechia...
June 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452034/deciphering-biodegradable-chelant-enhanced-phytoremediation-through-microbes-and-nitrogen-transformation-in-contaminated-soils
#16
Linchuan Fang, Mengke Wang, Lin Cai, Long Cang
Biodegradable chelant-enhanced phytoremediation offers an alternative treatment technique for metal contaminated soils, but most studies to date have addressed on phytoextraction efficiency rather than comprehensive understanding of the interactions among plant, soil microbes, and biodegradable chelants. In the present study, we investigated the impacts of biodegradable chelants, including nitrilotriacetate, S,S-ethylenediaminedisuccinic acid (EDDS), and citric acid on soil microbes, nitrogen transformation, and metal removal from contaminated soils...
June 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448157/protein-changes-in-lepidium-sativum-l-exposed-to-hg-during-soil-phytoremediation
#17
Beata Smolinska, Agnieszka Szczodrowska, Joanna Leszczynska
Some investigations have been carried out in this study to find the best technique of soil reclamation in mercurypolluted soil. In this study, we examined Lepidium sativum L. as a plant useful for Hg phytoextraction. The simultaneous application of compost and thiosulfate was explored as a possible method of enhancing the process of phytoextraction. The results of the investigations of plant protein changes during assisted Hg phytoextraction were also provided. The results of the study show that combined use of compost and thiosulfate significantly increased both the total Hg accumulation and its translocation to aerial plant tissues...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441624/various-soil-amendments-and-environmental-wastes-affect-the-im-mobilization-and-phytoavailability-of-potentially-toxic-elements-in-a-sewage-effluent-irrigated-sandy-soil
#18
Sabry M Shaheen, Mohamed S Shams, Mohamed R Khalifa, Mohamed A El-Dali, Jörg Rinklebe
Contamination of long-term sewage effluent irrigated soils by potentially toxic elements (PTEs) is a serious concern due to its high environmental and health risk. Our scientific hypothesis is that soil amendments can cause contradictory effects on the element mobilization and phytoavailability depending on the type of element and amendment. Therefore, we aimed to assess the impact of the application (1%) of several low cost amendments and environmental wastes on the (im)mobilization, availability, and uptake of Al, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, and Zn by sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) in a long term sewage effluent irrigated sandy soils collected from Egypt...
August 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441038/phytoextraction-of-nitrogen-and-phosphorus-by-crops-grown-in-a-heavily-manured-dark-brown-chernozem-under-contrasting-soil-moisture-conditions
#19
Ikechukwu Agomoh, Xiying Hao, Francis Zvomuya
Repeated uptake of excess nutrients by crops in soils with a long history of manure application may be a viable option for reducing the nutrient levels. In this greenhouse study, we examined the effectiveness of six 40-day cycles of barley, canola, corn, oat, pea, soybean, and triticale, all grown under two moisture regimes (100% and 50% soil field capacity, SFC), at extracting nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) from a Dark Brown Chernozem that had received 180 Mg ha(-1) (wet wt.) of beef cattle feedlot manure annually for 38 years...
April 25, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441031/lead-accumulation-and-distribution-in-maize-seedlings-relevance-to-biomass-sproduction-and-metal-phytoextraction
#20
Dmitry I Bashmakov, Alina N Kluchagina, Przemysław Malec, Kazimierz Strzałka, Alexander S Lukatkin
Among trace metals, lead is a highly toxic contaminant, being hazardous to humans and animals. Application of maize plants for phytoremediation of polluted soils and waters has recently been of particular interest. The aim of this work is to investigate the Pb-phytoextraction potential of the maize cv. Tzariza used widely in Eastern European agriculture. Maize seedlings were exposed in a nutrient solution to 0.1 - 10000 µM of Pb2+ for 21 days. Lead accumulated mostly in conductive tissues and shoots at 0...
April 25, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
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