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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142769/plexiform-neurofibroma-of-clitoris
#1
Dhanya Yesodharan, Bindu Sudarsanan, Annie Jojo, Mohan Abraham, Nisha Bhavani, Hima Mathews, Sheela Nampoothiri
The most frequent genital presentation of neurofibromatosis in females is clitoromegaly. We report a case of a 5-year-old girl with neurofibromatosis type 1 with clitoral plexiform neurofibromatosis. Clitoroplasty was done, and the histopathology confirmed the diagnosis. Though rare, plexiform neurofibroma of clitoris should always be considered as a differential diagnosis in children with clitoromegaly before embarking on detailed investigations.
December 2017: Journal of Pediatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142429/antioxidant-and-hepatoprotective-potential-of-swaras-and-hima-extracts-of-tinospora-cordifolia-and-boerhavia-diffusa-in-swiss-albino-mice
#2
Amit Kaushik, Athar Husain, Harshika Awasthi, Dewasya Pratap Singh, Raziuddin Khan, Dayanandan Mani
Background: In Ayurveda, five basic extraction procedures are mentioned in order of their decreasing potency. Swaras is considered as the most potent followed by, kalka, kwatha, fanta and hima. Objective: Present study was carried out to investigate the antioxidant and hepatoprotective potential of swaras and hima extracts of T.cordifolia and B. diffusa. Materials and Methods: Swaras and hima extracts of T. cordifolia and B. diffusa were prepared...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974441/tyrosol-attenuates-lipopolysaccharide-induced-acute-lung-injury-by-inhibiting-the-inflammatory-response-and-maintaining-the-alveolar-capillary-barrier
#3
Yeon-Yong Kim, Soyoung Lee, Min-Jong Kim, Byeong-Cheol Kang, Hima Dhakal, Young-Ae Choi, Pil-Hoon Park, Hyukjae Choi, Tae-Yong Shin, Hyun Gyu Choi, Taeg Kyu Kwon, Dongwoo Khang, Sang-Hyun Kim
Acute lung injury (ALI) is a life-threatening disease characterized by increased pulmonary vascular permeability because of alveolar capillary barrier dysfunction and increased immune responses. This study determined the anti-inflammatory effect of tyrosol on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced ALI and its underlying mechanisms of action. BALB/c mice were orally administered with tyrosol (0.1, 1, and 10 mg/kg) 1 h before an intratracheal injection of LPS (25 μg/50 μL). Oral treatment with tyrosol inhibited lung vascular permeability, histopathological changes, wet/dry lung weight ratio, and pulmonary vascular cell infiltration...
September 30, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971726/proteomics-profiling-identifies-induction-of-caveolin-1-in-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-cells-by-bone-marrow-stromal-cells
#4
Hima V Vangapandu, Huiqin Chen, William G Wierda, Michael J Keating, Anil Korkut, Varsha Gandhi
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is an indolent B-cell malignancy in which cells reside in bone marrow, lymph nodes, and peripheral blood, each of which provides a unique microenvironment. Although the levels of certain proteins are reported to induce, changes in the CLL cell proteome in the presence of bone marrow stromal cells have not been elucidated. Reverse-phase protein array analysis of CLL cells before and 24 h after stromal cell interaction revealed changed levels of proteins that regulate cell cycle, gene transcription, and protein translation...
October 3, 2017: Leukemia & Lymphoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969289/extrication-of-dna-from-burnt-teeth-exposed-to-environment
#5
Gantala Ramlal, Devarajn Vevaraju, Arjun Yadav Vemula, Tipirisety Swapna, P Hima Bindu
INTRODUCTION: Teeth are good sources of DNA in mass disasters especially in fires and explosions because they are largely protected from environmental and physical conditions. It is possible to obtain mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) even in cases of degraded human remains. AIM: To obtain DNA from burnt teeth exposed to environment for a period of six months and 12 months and to highlight the importance of DNA obtained from tooth in identifying a deceased in fire accidents after being subjected to environment...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932073/a-lagging-lock-hair-cycle-abnormalities-in-follicular-vitiligo
#6
Hima Gopinath, Kaliaperumal Karthikeyan, Meghana Valeti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921693/liquid-cell-electron-microscopy-of-adsorbed-polymers
#7
Kandula Hima Nagamanasa, Huan Wang, Steve Granick
Individual macromolecules of polystyrene sulfonate and poly(ethylene oxide) are visualized with nanometer resolution using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) imaging of aqueous solutions with and without added salt, trapped in liquid pockets between creased graphene sheets. Successful imaging with 0.3 s per frame is enabled by the sluggish mobility of the adsorbed molecules. This study finds, validating others, that an advantage of this graphene liquid-cell approach is apparently to retard sample degradation from incident electrons, in addition to minimizing background scattering because graphene windows are atomically thin...
September 18, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893049/comparative-evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-bioactive-ceramic-composite-granules-alone-and-in-combination-with-platelet-rich-fibrin-in-the-treatment-of-mandibular-class-ii-furcation-defects-a-clinical-and-radiographic-study
#8
Hima S Lohi, Dilip G Nayak, Ashita S Uppoor
INTRODUCTION: Predictable closure of furcation defects with bone grafts, Guided Tissue Regeneration (GTR) and a combination of the two has remained an elusive goal so far. Hence, evaluation of biomimetic agents as candidate technologies for periodontal regeneration merit due consideration. In this study, Choukroun's Platelet Rich Fibrin (PRF), a second generation platelet concentrate, is combined with bone graft to examine if the addition enhances the therapeutic potential of bone graft in the management of Class II furcation defects...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892895/effectivity-of-titanium-oxide-based-nano-particles-on-e-coli-from-clinical-samples
#9
Hima Bindu Mantravadi
INTRODUCTION: Nanoparticles composed of Titanium Oxide (TiO2) are non toxic, durable, stable and have a high refractive index with a lot of scope in biomedical applications. Due to their antibacterial effects, they can be applied to inanimate objects like glass, metal and even biomedical implants. AIM: This study was conducted to assess the antibacterial effect of Titanium Oxide (TiO2) alone or with Silver (Ag) as an additive on Escherichia coli. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Escherichia coli isolates (n=25) sensitive to most of the drugs including first generation cephalosporins, ampicillin and amoxycillin from various samples like pus, urine, sputum and blood were placed onto the glass slides containing TiO2 annealed at 200°C, 400°C, TiO2 with 0...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891336/polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-based-targeted-nanotherapeutics-to-enhance-the-therapeutic-efficacy-of-docetaxel
#10
Thiruganesh Ramasamy, Pasupathi Sundaramoorthy, Hima Bindu Ruttala, Yongjoo Choi, Woo Hyun Shin, Jee-Heon Jeong, Sae Kwang Ku, Han-Gon Choi, Hwan Mook Kim, Chul Soon Yong, Jong Oh Kim
Since breast cancer is one of the most lethal malignancies, targeted strategies are urgently needed. In this study, we report the enhanced therapeutic efficacy of docetaxel (DTX) when combined with polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) for effective treatment of multi-resistant breast cancers. Folic acid (FA)-conjugated PUFA-based lipid nanoparticles (FA-PLN/DTX) was developed. The physicochemical properties, in vitro uptake, in vitro cytotoxicity, and in vivo anticancer activity of FA-PLN/DTX were evaluated. FA-PLN/DTX could efficiently target and treat human breast tumor xenografts in vivo...
November 2017: Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890258/facile-construction-of-bioreducible-crosslinked-polypeptide-micelles-for-enhanced-cancer-combination-therapy
#11
Hima Bindu Ruttala, Natarajan Chitrapriya, Kaliappan Kaliraj, Thiruganesh Ramasamy, Woo Hyun Shin, Jee-Heon Jeong, Jae Ryong Kim, Sae Kwang Ku, Han-Gon Choi, Chul Soon Yong, Jong Oh Kim
In this study, we developed pH and redox-responsive crosslinked polypeptide-based combination micelles for enhanced chemotherapeutic efficacy and minimized side effects. The stability and drug release properties of the polypeptide micelles were efficiency balanced by the corona-crosslinking of the triblock copolymer, poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(aspartic acid)-b-poly(tyrosine) (PEG-b-pAsp-b-pTyr) with coordinated redox and pH dual-sensitivity by introducing disulfide crosslinkages. Because of the crosslinking of the middle shell of the triblock polypeptide micelles, their robust structure was maintained in strong destabilization conditions and exhibited excellent stability...
November 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883877/homocystinuria-with-cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis-excellent-recovery-with-intravenous-recombinant-tissue-plasminogen-activator
#12
Vykuntaraju K Gowda, Raghunath C Nanjundappa, Hima Pendharkar, Naveen Benakappa
Hyperhomocysteinemia can cause cerebral venous thrombosis. Recombinant tissue plasminogen activator is one of the treatment options for cerebral venous thrombosis in selected cases. We present here a 7-year-old boy with homocysteinuria with stroke. MRI of brain showed cerebral venous sinus thrombosis. We successfully treated with intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator. He recovered completely without any complications. Recombinant tissue plasminogen activator can be considered one of the treatment options in cerebral venous thrombosis in homocystinura...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879938/isoniazid-toxicity-presenting-as-bilateral-dentate-hyperintensities
#13
Aarthi Deepesh, Hima S Pendharkar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863345/the-stromal-microenvironment-modulates-mitochondrial-oxidative-phosphorylation-in-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-cells
#14
Hima V Vangapandu, Mary L Ayres, Christopher A Bristow, William G Wierda, Michael J Keating, Kumudha Balakrishnan, Christine M Stellrecht, Varsha Gandhi
Peripheral blood chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells are replicationally quiescent mature B-cells. In short-term cultures, supporting stromal cells provide a survival advantage to CLL cells by inducing transcription and translation without promoting proliferation. We hypothesized that the stromal microenvironment augments malignant B cells' metabolism to enable the cells to cope with their energy demands for transcription and translation. We used extracellular flux analysis to assess the two major energy-generating pathways, mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (OxPhos) and glycolysis, in primary CLL cells in the presence of three different stromal cell lines...
August 29, 2017: Neoplasia: An International Journal for Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835371/b-cell-receptor-signaling-regulates-metabolism-in-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia
#15
Hima Vangapandu, Ondrej Havranek, Mary Ayres, Benny A Kaipparettu, Kumudha Balakrishnan, William Wierda, Michael J Keating, R Eric Davis, Christine M Stellrecht, Varsha Gandhi
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells are quiescent but have active transcription and translation processes, suggesting that these lymphocytes are metabolically active. Based on this premise, the metabolic phenotype of CLL lymphocytes was investigated by evaluating the two intracellular ATP generating pathways. Metabolic flux was assessed by measuring glycolysis as extracellular acidification rate (ECAR) and mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation as oxygen consumption rate (OCR) and then correlated with prognostic factors...
August 23, 2017: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732901/multiple-polysaccharide-drug-complex-loaded-liposomes-a-unique-strategy-in-drug-loading-and-cancer-targeting
#16
Hima Bindu Ruttala, Thiruganesh Ramasamy, Biki Gupta, Han-Gon Choi, Chul Soon Yong, Jong Oh Kim
In the present study, a unique strategy was developed to develop nanocarriers containing multiple therapeutics with controlled release characteristics. In this study, we demonstrated the synthesis of dextran sulfate-doxorubicin (DS-DOX) and alginate-cisplatin (AL-CIS) polymer-drug complexes to produce a transferrin ligand-conjugated liposome. The targeted nanoparticles (TL-DDAC) were nano-sized and spherical. The targeted liposome exhibited a specific receptor-mediated endocytic uptake in cancer cells. The enhanced cellular uptake of TL-DDAC resulted in a significantly better anticancer effect in resistant and sensitive breast cancer cells compared to that of the free drugs...
October 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675346/trigeminal-neuralgia-caused-by-a-new-variant-of-persistent-trigeminal-artery-associated-with-agenesis-of-internal-carotid-artery
#17
Gorky Medhi, Hima Pendharkar, Karel terBrugge, Chandrajit Prasad, Arun Kumar Gupta
We report a hitherto undescribed persistent carotid vertebral anastomosis associated with ipsilateral internal carotid artery agenesis and bilateral duplication of the intradural vertebral arteries. This rare anomaly was detected on MRI, supplemented by CT angiography while evaluating for cause trigeminal neuralgia in a 37-year-old woman. The aberrant vessel was seen to cause thinning and lateral displacement of the left trigeminal nerve on CISS 3D images. Also noted was a bilateral vertebral artery duplication of the PSA variant with the posterior inferior cerebellar artery arising from the medial limb of the duplication on the left...
December 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627294/polyphenolic-characterisation-and-bioactivity-of-an-oxalis-pes-caprae-l-leaf-extract
#18
Marisa C Gaspar, Diogo A Fonseca, Manuel J Antunes, Christian Frigerio, Nelson G M Gomes, M Vieira, Armanda E Santos, Maria T Cruz, Maria D Cotrim, Maria G Campos
The present work is focused on the characterisation of the polyphenolic content of an Oxalis pes-caprae L. leaf extract and on the evaluation of its bioactivity with particular interest on its vascular activity and antioxidant potential. The polyphenolic content was characterised by HPLC-DAD and LC-MS/MS. The vascular activity was evaluated according to the influence on the serotonergic and adrenergic systems of the human internal mammary artery (HIMA). Antioxidant and neuroprotective studies were also conducted...
June 18, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596992/lip-prints-a-study-of-its-uniqueness-among-students-of-mediciti-medical-college
#19
Archana Alzapur, Rajani S Nagothu, Hima B Nalluri
BACKGROUND: "Cheiloscopy" is a technique that deals with lip prints. The pattern of fine creases on the lips are unique to the individual. They are similar to finger prints and useful in crime investigation. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To study the uniqueness, prevalence, and gender significance of lip print patterns in human subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted on 100 randomly selected male and female undergraduate medical students...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572652/pancreatic-carcinoma-diagnosed-by-peroral-pancreatoscopy-using-the-spyglass-system
#20
Sindhu Barola, Hima Tadimeti, Yen-I Chen, Saowanee Ngamruengphong, Mouen A Khashab, Anthony N Kalloo, Vivek Kumbhari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
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