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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148785/rapid-quantitative-measurements-of-paramagnetic-relaxation-enhancements-in-cu-ii-tagged-proteins-by-proton-detected-solid-state-nmr-spectroscopy
#1
Dwaipayan Mukhopadhyay, Philippe S Nadaud, Matthew D Shannon, Christopher P Jaroniec
We demonstrate rapid quantitative measurements of site-resolved paramagnetic relaxation enhancements (PREs), which are a source of valuable structural restraints corresponding to electron-nucleus distances in the ~10-20 Å regime, in solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra of proteins containing covalent Cu(2+)-binding tags. Specifically, using protein GB1 K28C-EDTA-Cu(2+) mutant as a model, we show the determination of backbone amide (15)N longitudinal and (1)H transverse PREs within a few hours of experiment time based on proton-detected 2D or 3D correlation spectra recorded with magic-angle spinning frequencies ≥ ~60 kHz for samples containing ~10-50 nanomoles of (2)H,(13)C,(15)N-labeled protein back-exchanged in H2O...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148579/a-step-by-step-review-on-patient-specific-biomechanical-finite-element-models-for-breast-mri-to-x-ray-mammography-registration
#2
REVIEW
Eloy García, Yago Diez, Oliver Diaz, Xavier Lladó, Robert Martí, Joan Martí, Arnau Oliver
Breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and X-ray mammography are two image modalities widely used for the early detection and diagnosis of breast diseases in women. The combination of these modalities leads to a more accurate diagnosis and treatment of breast diseases. The aim of this paper is to review the registration between breast MRI and X-ray mammographic images using patient-specific finite element-based biomechanical models. Specifically, a biomechanical model is obtained from the patient's MRI volume and is subsequently used to mimic the mammographic acquisition...
November 17, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148120/mapping-brown-adipose-tissue-based-on-fat-water-fraction-provided-by-z-spectral-imaging
#3
Alessandro Scotti, Rong-Wen Tain, Weiguo Li, Victoria Gil, Chong Wee Liew, Kejia Cai
BACKGROUND: Brown adipose tissue (BAT) has a great relevance in metabolic diseases and has been shown to be reduced in obesity and insulin resistance patients. Currently, Dixon MRI is used to calculate fat-water fraction (FWF) and differentiate BAT from white adipose tissue (WAT). However, it may fail in areas of phase wrapping and introduce fat-water swapping artifacts. PURPOSE: To investigate the capacity of the Z-spectrum imaging (ZSI) for the identification of BAT in vivo...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148092/an-inductively-coupled-ultra-thin-flexible-and-passive-rf-resonator-for-mri-marking-and-guiding-purposes-clinical-feasibility
#4
Akbar Alipour, Sayim Gokyar, Oktay Algin, Ergin Atalar, Hilmi Volkan Demir
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to develop a wireless, flexible, ultra-thin, and passive radiofrequency-based MRI resonant fiducial marker, and to validate its feasibility in a phantom model and several body regions. METHODS: Standard microfabrication processing was used to fabricate the resonant marker. The proposed marker consists of two metal traces in the shape of a square with an edge length of 8 mm, with upper and lower traces connected to each other by a metalized via...
November 16, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147768/non-invasive-methods-for-estimating-mpap-in-copd-using-cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#5
C S Johns, S Rajaram, D A Capener, C Oram, C Elliot, R Condliffe, D G Kiely, J M Wild, A J Swift
PURPOSE: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is associated with a poor outcome in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and is diagnosed invasively. We aimed to assess the diagnostic accuracy and prognostic value of non-invasive cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) models. METHODS: Patients with COPD and suspected PH, who underwent CMR and right heart catheter (RHC) were identified. Three candidate models were assessed: 1, CMR-RV model, based on right ventricular (RV) mass and interventricular septal angle; 2, CMR PA/RV includes RV mass, septal angle and pulmonary artery (PA) measurements; 3, the Alpha index, based on RV ejection fraction and PA size...
November 16, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147762/phenotypic-effects-and-inhibition-of-botrydial-biosynthesis-induced-by-different-plant-based-elicitors-in-botrytis-cinerea
#6
Eva Liñeiro, Antonio J Macias-Sánchez, Marisa Espinazo, Jesús M Cantoral, Javier Moraga, Isidro G Collado, Francisco J Fernández-Acero
Botrytis cinerea is considered a model organism for the study of plant-pathogen interaction showing great genetic diversity and a high degree of morphological variability depending on environmental conditions. The use of new compounds and plant-based elicitors may trigger the expression of different B. cinerea genes, providing new sources of virulence factors. This work is focused on elucidating the phenotypic effect in B. cinerea of different carbon sources such as glucose, cellulose and tomato cell walls (TCW)...
November 17, 2017: Current Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147561/synthesis-and-reactivity-of-a-4his-enzyme-model-complex
#7
Jia Li, Atanu Banerjee, Timothy A Hasse, Reza Loloee, Shannon M Biros, Richard J Staples, Ferman A Chavez
A new iron(II) complex has been prepared and characterized. [Fe(TrIm)4(OTf)2] (1, TrIm = 1-Tritylimidazole). The solid state structure of 1 has been determined by X-ray crystallography. Compound 1 crystallizes in triclinic space group P1̄, with a = 13.342(7) Å, b = 13.5131(7) Å and c = 13.7025(7) Å. The iron center resides in distorted octahedral geometry coordinated to four equatorial imidazole groups and two axial triflate oxygens groups. The complex is high spin between 20 K and 300 K as indicated by variable field variable temperature magnetic measurements...
2017: RSC Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146934/a-continuous-13-3-ka-record-of-seismogenic-dust-events-in-lacustrine-sediments-in-the-eastern-tibetan-plateau
#8
Hanchao Jiang, Ning Zhong, Yanhao Li, Xiaolin Ma, Hongyan Xu, Wei Shi, Siqi Zhang, Gaozhong Nie
Lacustrine sediments on the eastern Tibetan Plateau (TP) contain a wealth of information on local and regional tectonic activity. High-resolution grain-size and magnetic susceptibility measurements were conducted on the 23.4-m-thick Lixian lacustrine sedimentary sequence spanning from 19.3 to 6.0 ka, revealing 70 prehistoric seismic events on the eastern TP. The seismic events caused intermittent increases in source materials that endowed the samples of an individual event layer with a gradual fining trend along the C = M line on a C (one percentile)-M (median diameter) plot...
November 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146731/organic-anion-transporting-polypeptide-1b3-as-a-dual-reporter-gene-for-fluorescence-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#9
Menq-Rong Wu, Hon-Man Liu, Chen-Wen Lu, Way-Hone Shen, I-Jou Lin, Li-Wen Liao, Yi-You Huang, Ming-Jium Shieh, Jong-Kai Hsiao
Reporter proteins have broad applications in visualizing molecular events at the cellular, tissue and whole-body levels. Transmembrane transporters recognizing specific molecular domains are of particular interest because they enable the migration of signal-source molecules from the extracellular space to the cytoplasm for subsequent application in multimodality imaging. Organic anion-transporting polypeptides (OATPs) have demonstrated their MRI reporter efficacy. We further expanded their use as a dual-modality reporter in MRI and noninvasive in vivo imaging system (IVIS)...
November 16, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146468/tdcs-changes-in-motor-excitability-are-specific-to-orientation-of-current-flow
#10
Vishal Rawiji, Matteo Ciocca, André Zacharia, David Soares, Dennis Truong, Marom Bikson, John Rothwell, Sven Bestmann
BACKGROUND: Measurements and models of current flow in the brain during transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) indicate stimulation of regions in-between electrodes. Moreover, the folded cortex results in local fluctuations in current flow intensity and direction, and animal studies suggest current flow direction relative to cortical columns determines response to tDCS. METHODS: Here we test this idea by using Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Motor Evoked Potentials (TMS-MEP) to measure changes in corticospinal excitability following tDCS applied with electrodes aligned orthogonal (across) or parallel to M1 in the central sulcus...
November 7, 2017: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146377/cortical-processing-of-pitch-model-based-encoding-and-decoding-of-auditory-fmri-responses-to-real-life-sounds
#11
REVIEW
Vittoria De Angelis, Federico De Martino, Michelle Moerel, Roberta Santoro, Lars Hausfeld, Elia Formisano
Pitch is a perceptual attribute related to the fundamental frequency (or periodicity) of a sound. So far, the cortical processing of pitch has been investigated mostly using synthetic sounds. However, the complex harmonic structure of natural sounds may require different mechanisms for the extraction and analysis of pitch. This study investigated the neural representation of pitch in human auditory cortex using model-based encoding and decoding analyses of high field (7 T) functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data collected while participants listened to a wide range of real-life sounds...
November 13, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146107/cardiovascular-anatomy-in-children-with-bidirectional-glenn-anastomosis-regarding-the-transcatheter-fontan-completion
#12
Aleksander Sizarov, Francesca Raimondi, Damien Bonnet, Younes Boudjemline
BACKGROUND: Transcatheter stent-secured completion of total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC) after surgical preparations during the Glenn anastomosis procedure has been reported, but complications from this approach have precluded its clinical acceptance. AIMS: To analyse cardiovascular morphology and dimensions in children with bidirectional Glenn anastomosis, regarding the optimal device design for transcatheter Fontan completion without special surgical "preconditionings"...
November 13, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145950/a-combination-of-allogeneic-stem-cells-promotes-cardiac-regeneration
#13
Makoto Natsumeda, Victoria Florea, Angela C Rieger, Bryon A Tompkins, Monisha N Banerjee, Samuel Golpanian, Julia Fritsch, Ana Marie Landin, Nilesh D Kashikar, Vasileios Karantalis, Viky Y Loescher, Kostas E Hatzistergos, Luiza Bagno, Cristina Sanina, Muzammil Mushtaq, Jose Rodriguez, Marcos Rosado, Ariel Wolf, Kevin Collon, Louis Vincent, Anthony J Kanelidis, Ivonne H Schulman, Raul Mitrani, Alan W Heldman, Wayne Balkan, Joshua M Hare
BACKGROUND: The combination of autologous mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and cardiac stem cells (CSCs) synergistically reduces scar size and improves cardiac function in ischemic cardiomyopathy. Whereas allogeneic (allo-)MSCs are immunoevasive, the capacity of CSCs to similarly elude the immune system remains controversial, potentially limiting the success of allogeneic cell combination therapy (ACCT). OBJECTIVES: This study sought to test the hypothesis that ACCT synergistically promotes cardiac regeneration without provoking immunologic reactions...
November 14, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145447/from-bead-to-rod-comparison-of-theories-by-measuring-translational-drag-coefficients-of-micron-sized-magnetic-bead-chains-in-stokes-flow
#14
Kaiyuan Yang, Chen Lu, Xiaodan Zhao, Ryo Kawamura
Frictional drag force on an object in Stokes flow follows a linear relationship with the velocity of translation and a translational drag coefficient. This drag coefficient is related to the size, shape, and orientation of the object. For rod-like objects, analytical solutions of the drag coefficients have been proposed based on three rough approximations of the rod geometry, namely the bead model, ellipsoid model, and cylinder model. These theories all agree that translational drag coefficients of rod-like objects are functions of the rod length and aspect ratio, but differ among one another on the correction factor terms in the equations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145166/revisiting-interhemispheric-imbalance-in-chronic-stroke-a-tdcs-study
#15
Alana B McCambridge, James W Stinear, Winston D Byblow
OBJECTIVE: Chronic stroke patients with moderate-severe motor impairment may have an increased reliance on contralesional vs ipsilesional motor areas to control the paretic arm. We hypothesised that increasing contralesional excitability with anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (a-tDCS) would benefit motor performance in patients with moderate-severe impairment. METHODS: Ten patients with motor impairment at the chronic stage after stroke received a-tDCS, cathodal (c-tDCS) and sham with the target electrode over contralesional motor cortex (M1)...
October 28, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145119/amine-functionalized-magnetic-bamboo-based-activated-carbon-adsorptive-removal-of-ciprofloxacin-and-norfloxacin-a-batch-and-fixed-bed-column-study
#16
Xiaoming Peng, Fengping Hu, Tao Zhang, Fengxian Qiu, Hongling Dai
Amine-functionalized magnetic bamboo-based activated carbon (AFM-BAC) derived from bamboo products wastes were employed for effective adsorption of fluoroquinolone antibiotics ciprofloxacin (CIP) and norfloxacin (NOR) through batch processing. The effects of factors on the adsorption of both antibiotics were studied. The studies of various factors influencing the adsorption behavior indicated that the maximum adsorption capacities for two antibiotics adsorption were observed in weakly acidic condition and the adsorption amounts of two antibiotics increased with the increase of zwitterionic form, implying the importance of zwitterionic form, and the adsorption process is spontaneous and endothermic...
November 2, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144991/finite-element-simulation-on-posterior-tibial-tendinopathy-load-transfer-alteration-and-implications-to-the-onset-of-pes-planus
#17
Duo Wai-Chi Wong, Yan Wang, Aaron Kam-Lun Leung, Ming Yang, Ming Zhang
BACKGROUND: Posterior tibial tendinopathy is a challenging foot condition resulting in pes planus, which is difficult to diagnose in the early stage. Prior to the deformity, abnormal internal load transfer and soft tissue attenuation are anticipated. The objective of this study was to investigate the internal load transfer and strain of the ligaments with posterior tibial tendinopathy, and the implications to pes planus and other deformities. METHODS: A three-dimensional finite element model of the foot and ankle was reconstructed from magnetic resonance images of a 28-year-old normal female...
November 3, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144731/zwitterionic-manganese-and-gadolinium-metal-organic-frameworks-as-efficient-contrast-agents-for-in-vivo-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#18
Liang Qin, Zi-Yan Sun, Kai Cheng, Shu-Wen Liu, Jian-Xin Pang, Li-Ming Xia, Wen-Hua Chen, Zhen Cheng, Jin-Xiang Chen
Two water-stable three-dimensional Mn- and Gd-based metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), {[Mn2(Cmdcp)2(H2O)2]·H2O}n (1) and {[Gd(Cmdcp)(H2O)3](NO3)·3H2O}n (2, H3CmdcpBr = N-(4-carboxy benzyl)-(3,5-dicarboxyl)pyridinium bromide), have been prepared and analyzed. In vitro magnetic resonance imaging indicated that MOFs 1 and 2 possess relaxivity r1 values of 17.50 and 13.46 mM(-1)·S(-1), respectively, which are superior to that of the control Gd-DTPA (r1 = 4.87 mM(-1)·S(-1), DTPA = diethylene triamine pentaacetate)...
November 16, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144590/metabolic-profiling-of-normal-hepatocyte-and-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells-via-1-h-nuclear-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy
#19
Yang Chen, Zhong Chen, Jiang-Hua Feng, Yun-Bin Chen, Nai-Shun Liao, Ying Su, Chang-Yan Zou
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) causes death mainly by disseminated metastasis progression from the organ being confined. Different metastatic stages are closely related to cellular metabolic profiles. Normal hepatocyte and HepG2 cell line from low metastatic HCC were studied by NMR-based metabolomic techniques. Multivariate and univariate statistical analyses were utilized to identify characteristic metabolites from cells and cultured media. Elevated levels of acetate, creatine, isoleucine, leucine, and phenylalanine were observed in HepG2 cells, suggesting more active in gathering nutrient components along with altered amino acid metabolisms and enhanced lipid metabolism...
November 16, 2017: Cell Biology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144031/error-analysis-of-helmholtz-based-mr-electrical-properties-tomography
#20
Stefano Mandija, Alessandro Sbrizzi, Ulrich Katscher, Peter R Luijten, Cornelis A T van den Berg
PURPOSE: MR electrical properties tomography (MR-EPT) aims to measure tissue electrical properties by computing spatial derivatives of measured B1+ data. This computation is very sensitive to spatial fluctuations caused, for example, by noise and Gibbs ringing. In this work, the error arising from the computation of spatial derivatives using finite difference kernels (FD error) has been investigated. In relation to this FD error, it has also been investigated whether mitigation strategies such as Gibbs ringing correction and Gaussian apodization can be beneficial for conductivity reconstructions...
November 16, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
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