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screen-based sedentary behavior

Youngdeok Kim, Masataka Umeda, Marc Lochbaum, Steven Stegemeier
This study examined the concurrent associations of physical activity and screen-based sedentary behavior with sleep duration among adolescents by using data from the national Youth Risk Behavior Survey 2011-2013. Using latent class analysis, we identified 4 latent subgroups of adolescents with various levels of physical activity and screen-based sedentary behavior. The subgroup with high levels of physical activity and low levels of sedentary behavior generally showed greater odds of having sufficient sleep (≥8 hours/night) than the other subgroups...
September 15, 2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
Youngdeok Kim, Masataka Umeda, Marc Lochbaum, Steven Stegemeier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Lauren Arundell, Elly Fletcher, Jo Salmon, Jenny Veitch, Trina Hinkley
BACKGROUND: Independent of physical activity levels, youth sedentary behaviors (SB) have negative health outcomes. SB prevalence estimates during discretionary periods of the day (e.g., after-school), inform the need for targeted period-specific interventions. This systematic review aimed to determine children's and adolescents' SB prevalence during the after-school period. METHODS: A computerized search was conducted in October 2015 (analysed November 2015). Inclusion criteria were: published in a peer-reviewed English journal; participants aged 5-18 years; measured overall after-school sedentary time (ST) objectively, and/or specific after-school SBs (e...
2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Christopher Warren, Nathaniel Riggs, Mary Ann Pentz
Childhood sedentary behavior has been linked to increased obesity risk. Prior work has identified associations between sedentary behavior, executive function (EF), and sleep. This study tested the hypothesis that reduced sleep duration may adversely impact EF and lead to increased childhood sedentary behavior. Southern California schoolchildren participating in the school-based health promotion program Pathways to Health (N=709) were assessed annually from 4th through 6th grades (2010-2013) on self-report measures of sedentary behavior, sleep duration, and executive function...
October 2016: Preventive Medicine
Nadine Witzel, Barbara Isensee, Vivien Suchert, Burkhard Weisser, Reiner Hanewinkel
BACKGROUND: In modern societies, adolescents spend about half of their waking hours with sedentary behavior (SB). Therefore, the current study aims at investigating the relationship between SB and adolescents' health. METHODS: A cross-sectional sample of 1296 students (8(th) grade) from 29 schools in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany was surveyed. Mean age was 13.75 years (SD = 0.67), 47.0 % were female. To asses screen-based and non-screen-based SB, moderate to vigorous physical activity as well as further indicators of health behavior (tobacco and alcohol use, diet) a questionnaire was used...
July 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Matthew Chrisman, Wong-Ho Chow, Carrie R Daniel, Xifeng Wu, Hua Zhao
BACKGROUND: The benefits of physical activity (PA) are well-documented. Mobile phones influence PA by promoting screen-based sedentary time, providing prompts or reminders to be active, aiding in tracking and monitoring PA, or providing entertainment during PA. It is not known how mobile phone use is associated with PA and sitting time in Mexican Americans, and how mobile phone users may differ from nonusers. OBJECTIVE: To determine the associations between mobile phone use, PA, and sitting time and how these behaviors differ from mobile phone nonusers in a sample of 2982 Mexican-American adults from the Mano a Mano cohort...
2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Gregore I Mielke, Wendy J Brown, Bruno P Nunes, Inacio C M Silva, Pedro C Hallal
BACKGROUND: The body of evidence on associations between socioeconomic status (SES) and sedentary behaviors in adolescents is growing. OBJECTIVES: The overall aims of our study were to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of this evidence and to assess whether (1) the associations between SES and sedentary behavior are consistent in adolescents from low-middle-income and from high-income countries, (2) the associations vary by domain of sedentary behavior, and (3) the associations vary by SES measure...
June 3, 2016: Sports Medicine
Sanjay Kini, Veena G Kamath, Muralidhar M Kulkarni, Asha Kamath, Siddharudha Shivalli
INTRODUCTION: According to Joint National Committee-7 (JNC-7) guidelines, a systolic blood pressure (SBP) of 120 to 139 mm Hg and/or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) of 80 to 89 mm Hg is considered as pre-hypertension. Existing evidence suggest that the cardiovascular morbidities are increasing among pre-hypertensive individuals compared to normal. OBJECTIVE: To assess the magnitude and factors associated with pre-hypertension among young adults (20-30 years) in coastal villages of Udupi Taluk (an area of land with a city or town that serves as its administrative centre and usually a number of villages), Udupi District, Karnataka state, India...
2016: PloS One
Andreas Fröberg, Anders Raustorp
The objective of this study was to overview high-qualitative systematic reviews to synthesize the evidence for associations between sedentary behavior and health outcomes in adults. There is evidence for a cross-sectional association between accelerometer measured sedentary time and poorer insulin sensitivity, and an association between sedentary breaks and BMI/waist circumference and triglycerides. Based on intervention studies (only randomized cross-over), there is evidence for an association between prolonged sitting and some markers for poorer cardiovascular health, but it is unclear whether this may be generalized to adults in general...
2016: Läkartidningen
Freda Patterson, Susan Kohl Malone, Alicia Lozano, Michael A Grandner, Alexandra L Hanlon
BACKGROUND: Sleep duration has been implicated in the etiology of obesity but less is known about the association between sleep and other behavioral risk factors for cardiovascular disease. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine the associations among sleep duration, chronotype, and physical activity, screen-based sedentary behavior, tobacco use, and dietary intake. METHODS: Regression models were used to examine sleep duration and chronotype as the predictors and cardiovascular risk factors as outcomes of interest in a cross-sectional sample of 439,933 adults enrolled in the UK Biobank project...
April 7, 2016: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
Paulo Henrique Guerra, José Cazuza de Farias Júnior, Alex Antonio Florindo
OBJECTIVE: To describe the methodological characteristics of the studies selected and assess variables associated with sedentary behavior in Brazilian children and adolescents. METHODS: For this systematic review, we searched four electronic databases: PubMed, Web of Knowledge, LILACS, SciELO. Also, electronic searches were applied in Google Scholar. A supplementary search was conducted in the references lists of the included articles and in non-indexed journals...
2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
Stuart Keel, Catherine Itsiopoulos, Konstandina Koklanis, Meri Vukicevic, Fergus Cameron, Laima Brazionis
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate associations of physical activity and sedentary behaviors with retinal vascular caliber in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes. DESIGN: This was a hospital-based cross-sectional study. METHODS: A study of 122 children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes was conducted over an 8-month period. Self-reported physical activity time and time spent watching TV or playing computer or video games were obtained using interviewer-administered questionnaires...
May 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
Junhong Leng, Gongshu Liu, Cuiping Zhang, Shijuan Xin, Fang Chen, Baojuan Li, Huiguang Tian, Zhijie Yu, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Gang Hu, Xilin Yang
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity in a nonpregnant state or before pregnancy reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes and is also associated with reduced risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). However, it is uncertain whether physical activity during pregnancy reduces the risk of GDM. DESIGN AND METHODS: Using an established universal screening system in Tianjin, China, we prospectively recruited 11 450 pregnant women within the 12th gestational week from 2010 to 2012...
June 2016: European Journal of Endocrinology
Raildo DA Silva Coqueiro, Bruno M DE Queiroz, Daniela S Oliveira, Magno C DAS Merces, José A Carneiro, Rafael Pereira, Marcos H Fernandes
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to analyze the association between frailty and sedentary behavior and to examine the discriminative ability of sedentary behavior in screening frailty in older adults. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study based on data from an epidemiologic population-based household survey involving 316 community-dwelling older adults (≥60 years) of both sexes (173 women and 143 men). The frailty was measured from an adapted version of the criteria proposed by Fried et al...
March 9, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Ranjita Misra, Cindy Fitch, David Roberts, Dana Wright
This project utilized a cross-sectional study design to assess diabetes risk among 540 individuals from 12 counties using trained extension agents and community organizations in West Virginia. Individuals were screened for diabetes using (1) the validated 7-item diabetes risk assessment survey and (2) hemoglobin A1c tests. Demographic and lifestyle behaviors were also collected. The average age, body mass index, and A1c were 51.2 ± 16.4, 31.1 ± 7.5, and 5.8 ± 0.74, respectively. The majority were females, Non-Hispanic Whites with no prior diagnosis of diabetes...
2016: Journal of Diabetes Research
Zdeněk Hamřík, Daniela Bobáková, Michal Kalman, Zuzana Dankulincová Veselská, Daniel Klein, Andrea Madarasová Gecková
AIM: Physical and screen-based activity in adolescents plays a crucial role in future health outcomes. Therefore, the aim of the study was to examine the associations of physical activity and screen-based activity with behavioural and psychosocial characteristics of school-aged children. METHODS: Data on 11, 13 and 15 years old elementary school pupils (N=9,014; mean age=13.59) who participated in the cross-sectional Health Behaviour in School-aged Children 2009/2010 study in the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic were analyzed...
November 2015: Central European Journal of Public Health
Daniela Husárová, Zuzana Dankulincová Veselská, Dagmar Sigmundová, Andrea Madarasová Gecková
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess age and gender differences in prevalence of screen based behaviour, physical activity and health complaints among Slovak school-aged children. METHODS: Data from the cross-sectional Health Behaviour of School-aged Children study collected in 2010 among Slovak children (age 11-15 years, N=8,042) was used. Logistic regression models adjusted to age and gender were used to analyse the associations between watching TV, working with a computer or playing computer games and physical activity and headache, backache, sleep difficulties, feeling low, irritability, and feeling nervous...
November 2015: Central European Journal of Public Health
Lisa R Edelson, Kevin C Mathias, Victor L Fulgoni, Leonidas G Karagounis
BACKGROUND: Physical strength is associated with improved health outcomes in children. Heavier children tend to have lower functional strength and mobility. Physical activity can increase children's strength, but it is unknown how different types of electronic media use impact physical strength. METHODS: Data from the NHANES National Youth Fitness Survey (NNYFS) from children ages 6-15 were analyzed in this study. Regression models were conducted to determine if screen-based sedentary behaviors (television viewing time, computer/video game time) were associated with strength measures (grip, leg extensions, modified pull-ups, plank) while controlling for potential confounders including child age, sex, BMI z-score, and days per week with 60+ minutes of physical activity...
2016: BMC Public Health
Matthew Asare
BACKGROUND: It is well documented that black males are more likely to suffer from heart disease, type II diabetes, hypertension, and other chronic diseases than any other racial group in the United States. It is also undeniable fact that physical activity, healthy eating behavior, and accessing routine medical checkups can help prevent or control some of those chronic diseases. However, little is known about black African males' physical activity, nutritional and health screening behaviors in the US...
2015: HSOA Journal of Community Medicine & Public Health Care
John P Barile, Sandra A Mitchell, William W Thompson, Matthew M Zack, Bryce B Reeve, David Cella, Ashley Wilder Smith
INTRODUCTION: Co-occurring chronic health conditions elevate the risk of poor health outcomes such as death and disability, are associated with poor quality of life, and magnify the complexities of self-management, care coordination, and treatment planning. This study assessed patterns of both singular and multiple chronic conditions, behavioral risk factors, and quality of life in a population-based sample. METHODS: In a national survey, adults (n = 4,184) answered questions about the presence of 27 chronic conditions...
2015: Preventing Chronic Disease
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