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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848737/results-from-australia-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#1
Natasha K Schranz, Timothy Olds, Roslyn Boyd, John Evans, Sjaan R Gomersall, Louise Hardy, Kylie Hesketh, David R Lubans, Nicola D Ridgers, Leon Straker, Stewart Vella, Jenny Ziviani, Grant R Tomkinson
BACKGROUND: Two years on from the inaugural Active Healthy Kids Australia (AHKA) Physical Activity Report Card, there has been little to no change with the majority of Australian children still insufficiently active. METHODS: The 2016 AHKA Report Card was developed using the best available national- and state-based physical activity data, which were evaluated by the AHKA Research Working Group using predetermined weighting criteria and benchmarks to assign letter grades to the 12 Report Card indicators...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848731/results-from-scotland-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#2
John J Reilly, Avril Johnstone, Geraldine McNeill, Adrienne R Hughes
BACKGROUND: The 2016 Active Healthy Kids Scotland Report Card aims to improve surveillance of physical activity (PA), facilitate international comparisons, and encourage evidence-informed PA and health policy. METHODS: Active Healthy Kids Canada Report Card methodology was used: a search for data on child and adolescent PA and health published after the 2013 Scottish Report Card was carried out. Data sources were considered for grading if based on representative samples with prevalence estimates made using methods with low bias...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848725/results-from-south-africa-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#3
Monika Uys, Susan Bassett, Catherine E Draper, Lisa Micklesfield, Andries Monyeki, Anniza de Villiers, Estelle V Lambert
BACKGROUND: We present results of the 2016 Healthy Active Kids South Africa (HAKSA) Report Card on the current status of physical activity (PA) and nutrition in South African youth. The context in which we interpret the findings is that participation in PA is a fundamental human right, along with the right to "attainment of the highest standard of health." METHODS: The HAKSA 2016 Writing Group was comprised of 33 authorities in physical education, exercise science, nutrition, public health, and journalism...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848720/results-from-nigeria-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#4
Ade F Adeniyi, Olukemi O Odukoya, Adewale L Oyeyemi, Rufus A Adedoyin, Olatunde S Ojo, Edirin Metseagharun, Kingsley K Akinroye
BACKGROUND: The Nigerian Report card on Physical Activity (PA) in Children and Youth was first developed in 2013 to inform practice and policy on healthy living and prevention of noncommunicable diseases among Nigerian children and youth. This article summarizes the results of the 2016 report card and provides updated evidence on the current situation in Nigeria. METHODS: A comprehensive review of literature was undertaken by the Report Card Working Group. Grades were assigned to 10 PA indicators based on the criteria used for the 2013 edition...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792134/sedentary-behavior-is-independently-related-to-fat-mass-among-children-and-adolescents-in-south-china
#5
Hongmei Xue, Guo Tian, Ruonan Duan, Liming Quan, Li Zhao, Min Yang, Lars Libuda, Rebecca Muckelbauer, Guo Cheng
We aim to explore the independent associations of sedentary behaviors (SB) with body mass distribution among Chinese children. Data on the screen-based sedentary time (television viewing and computer use) and doing homework, physical activities and dietary intake of 1586 Chinese children (50.3% girls) aged 7-15 years were obtained through validated questionnaires. Skin-fold thickness, body height, and weight were measured to calculate percent body fat (%BF), fat mass index (FMI), and fat-free mass index (FFMI)...
October 25, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780894/differences-in-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-and-health-behaviors-between-black-and-non-black-students-participating-in-a-school-based-health-promotion-program
#6
Taylor Jamerson, Rachel Sylvester, Qingmei Jiang, Nicole Corriveau, Jean DuRussel-Weston, Eva Kline-Rogers, Elizabeth A Jackson, Kim A Eagle
PURPOSE: To compare cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors of black and non-black children participating in Project Healthy Schools (PHS), a school-based wellness program. DESIGN: Participants were surveyed and participated in physiological screenings pre- and post-PHS intervention. SETTING: Middle schools in 4 Michigan communities of varying socioeconomic status. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 3813 sixth-grade students comprised the survey sample, and 2297 sixth-grade students comprised the screening sample...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768014/time-spent-in-sedentary-activities-in-a-pediatric-population-in-pretoria-central-south-africa
#7
Daniel T Goon, Constance A Nsibambi, Milton Chebet
BACKGROUND: Scant information exist on screen time behavior of South Africa children and whether they do not meet the recommendation of American Association of Pediatrics (AAP) concerning screen time activity for children is only speculative. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the time spent in sedentary activities, especially screen time of South African children with regard to gender. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved a random sample of 1136 school children (548 boys; 588 girls) aged 9-13 years attending public schools in Central Pretoria, South Africa...
December 2016: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634781/physical-activity-screen-based-sedentary-behavior-and-sleep-duration-in-adolescents-youth-risk-behavior-survey-2011-2013
#8
Youngdeok Kim, Masataka Umeda, Marc Lochbaum, Steven Stegemeier
This study examined the concurrent associations of physical activity and screen-based sedentary behavior with sleep duration among adolescents by using data from the national Youth Risk Behavior Survey 2011-2013. Using latent class analysis, we identified 4 latent subgroups of adolescents with various levels of physical activity and screen-based sedentary behavior. The subgroup with high levels of physical activity and low levels of sedentary behavior generally showed greater odds of having sufficient sleep (≥8 hours/night) than the other subgroups...
September 15, 2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27584199/concurrent-associations-of-physical-activity-and-screen-based-sedentary-behaviors-on-sleep-duration-among-us-adolescents-a-latent-class-analysis-approach-109-board-7-june-1-9-30-am-11-30-am
#9
Youngdeok Kim, Masataka Umeda, Marc Lochbaum, Steven Stegemeier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549588/a-systematic-review-of-the-prevalence-of-sedentary-behavior-during-the-after-school-period-among-children-aged-5-18-years
#10
REVIEW
Lauren Arundell, Elly Fletcher, Jo Salmon, Jenny Veitch, Trina Hinkley
BACKGROUND: Independent of physical activity levels, youth sedentary behaviors (SB) have negative health outcomes. SB prevalence estimates during discretionary periods of the day (e.g., after-school), inform the need for targeted period-specific interventions. This systematic review aimed to determine children's and adolescents' SB prevalence during the after-school period. METHODS: A computerized search was conducted in October 2015 (analysed November 2015). Inclusion criteria were: published in a peer-reviewed English journal; participants aged 5-18 years; measured overall after-school sedentary time (ST) objectively, and/or specific after-school SBs (e...
2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477059/executive-function-mediates-prospective-relationships-between-sleep-duration-and-sedentary-behavior-in-children
#11
Christopher Warren, Nathaniel Riggs, Mary Ann Pentz
Childhood sedentary behavior has been linked to increased obesity risk. Prior work has identified associations between sedentary behavior, executive function (EF), and sleep. This study tested the hypothesis that reduced sleep duration may adversely impact EF and lead to increased childhood sedentary behavior. Southern California schoolchildren participating in the school-based health promotion program Pathways to Health (N=709) were assessed annually from 4th through 6th grades (2010-2013) on self-report measures of sedentary behavior, sleep duration, and executive function...
October 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27464287/-sedentary-behavior-and-the-health-of-adolescents
#12
Nadine Witzel, Barbara Isensee, Vivien Suchert, Burkhard Weisser, Reiner Hanewinkel
BACKGROUND: In modern societies, adolescents spend about half of their waking hours with sedentary behavior (SB). Therefore, the current study aims at investigating the relationship between SB and adolescents' health. METHODS: A cross-sectional sample of 1296 students (8(th) grade) from 29 schools in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany was surveyed. Mean age was 13.75 years (SD = 0.67), 47.0 % were female. To asses screen-based and non-screen-based SB, moderate to vigorous physical activity as well as further indicators of health behavior (tobacco and alcohol use, diet) a questionnaire was used...
July 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27311831/mobile-phone-use-and-its-association-with-sitting-time-and-meeting-physical-activity-recommendations-in-a-mexican-american-cohort
#13
Matthew Chrisman, Wong-Ho Chow, Carrie R Daniel, Xifeng Wu, Hua Zhao
BACKGROUND: The benefits of physical activity (PA) are well-documented. Mobile phones influence PA by promoting screen-based sedentary time, providing prompts or reminders to be active, aiding in tracking and monitoring PA, or providing entertainment during PA. It is not known how mobile phone use is associated with PA and sitting time in Mexican Americans, and how mobile phone users may differ from nonusers. OBJECTIVE: To determine the associations between mobile phone use, PA, and sitting time and how these behaviors differ from mobile phone nonusers in a sample of 2982 Mexican-American adults from the Mano a Mano cohort...
2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27260683/socioeconomic-correlates-of-sedentary-behavior-in-adolescents-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Gregore I Mielke, Wendy J Brown, Bruno P Nunes, Inacio C M Silva, Pedro C Hallal
BACKGROUND: The body of evidence on associations between socioeconomic status (SES) and sedentary behaviors in adolescents is growing. OBJECTIVES: The overall aims of our study were to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of this evidence and to assess whether (1) the associations between SES and sedentary behavior are consistent in adolescents from low-middle-income and from high-income countries, (2) the associations vary by domain of sedentary behavior, and (3) the associations vary by SES measure...
June 3, 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27128029/pre-hypertension-among-young-adults-20-30-years-in-coastal-villages-of-udupi-district-in-southern-india-an-alarming-scenario
#15
Sanjay Kini, Veena G Kamath, Muralidhar M Kulkarni, Asha Kamath, Siddharudha Shivalli
INTRODUCTION: According to Joint National Committee-7 (JNC-7) guidelines, a systolic blood pressure (SBP) of 120 to 139 mm Hg and/or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) of 80 to 89 mm Hg is considered as pre-hypertension. Existing evidence suggest that the cardiovascular morbidities are increasing among pre-hypertensive individuals compared to normal. OBJECTIVE: To assess the magnitude and factors associated with pre-hypertension among young adults (20-30 years) in coastal villages of Udupi Taluk (an area of land with a city or town that serves as its administrative centre and usually a number of villages), Udupi District, Karnataka state, India...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27115777/-not-available
#16
Andreas Fröberg, Anders Raustorp
The objective of this study was to overview high-qualitative systematic reviews to synthesize the evidence for associations between sedentary behavior and health outcomes in adults. There is evidence for a cross-sectional association between accelerometer measured sedentary time and poorer insulin sensitivity, and an association between sedentary breaks and BMI/waist circumference and triglycerides. Based on intervention studies (only randomized cross-over), there is evidence for an association between prolonged sitting and some markers for poorer cardiovascular health, but it is unclear whether this may be generalized to adults in general...
2016: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27056396/smoking-screen-based-sedentary-behavior-and-diet-associated-with-habitual-sleep-duration-and-chronotype-data-from-the-uk-biobank
#17
Freda Patterson, Susan Kohl Malone, Alicia Lozano, Michael A Grandner, Alexandra L Hanlon
BACKGROUND: Sleep duration has been implicated in the etiology of obesity but less is known about the association between sleep and other behavioral risk factors for cardiovascular disease. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine the associations among sleep duration, chronotype, and physical activity, screen-based sedentary behavior, tobacco use, and dietary intake. METHODS: Regression models were used to examine sleep duration and chronotype as the predictors and cardiovascular risk factors as outcomes of interest in a cross-sectional sample of 439,933 adults enrolled in the UK Biobank project...
October 2016: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27007685/sedentary-behavior-in-brazilian-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#18
Paulo Henrique Guerra, José Cazuza de Farias Júnior, Alex Antonio Florindo
OBJECTIVE: To describe the methodological characteristics of the studies selected and assess variables associated with sedentary behavior in Brazilian children and adolescents. METHODS: For this systematic review, we searched four electronic databases: PubMed, Web of Knowledge, LILACS, SciELO. Also, electronic searches were applied in Google Scholar. A supplementary search was conducted in the references lists of the included articles and in non-indexed journals...
2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27003733/physical-activity-sedentary-behaviors-and-retinal-vascular-caliber-in-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#19
Stuart Keel, Catherine Itsiopoulos, Konstandina Koklanis, Meri Vukicevic, Fergus Cameron, Laima Brazionis
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate associations of physical activity and sedentary behaviors with retinal vascular caliber in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes. DESIGN: This was a hospital-based cross-sectional study. METHODS: A study of 122 children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes was conducted over an 8-month period. Self-reported physical activity time and time spent watching TV or playing computer or video games were obtained using interviewer-administered questionnaires...
May 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26966174/physical-activity-sedentary-behaviors-and-risk-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study-in-tianjin-china
#20
Junhong Leng, Gongshu Liu, Cuiping Zhang, Shijuan Xin, Fang Chen, Baojuan Li, Huiguang Tian, Zhijie Yu, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Gang Hu, Xilin Yang
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity in a nonpregnant state or before pregnancy reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes and is also associated with reduced risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). However, it is uncertain whether physical activity during pregnancy reduces the risk of GDM. DESIGN AND METHODS: Using an established universal screening system in Tianjin, China, we prospectively recruited 11 450 pregnant women within the 12th gestational week from 2010 to 2012...
June 2016: European Journal of Endocrinology
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