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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771983/obesity-risk-behaviors-and-their-associations-with-body-mass-index-bmi-in-korean-american-children
#1
Myoungock Jang, Margaret Grey, Lois Sadler, Sangchoon Jeon, Soohyun Nam, Hee-Jung Song, Robin Whittemore
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the paper was to describe obesity-risk behaviors (diet, physical activity, and sedentary behavior) and examine the relationships of the obesity-risk behaviors with body mass index (BMI) in school-aged Korean American children. BACKGROUND: Korean American children have a risk of becoming overweight or obese and developing obesity-related complications; however, there is limited research about obesity-risk behaviors in Korean American children...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727527/television-watching-and-telomere-length-among-adults-in-southwest-china
#2
Hong-Mei Xue, Qian-Qian Liu, Guo Tian, Li-Ming Quan, Yong Zhao, Guo Cheng
OBJECTIVES: To explore the independent associations of sedentary behavior and physical activity with telomere length among Chinese adults. METHODS: Data on total time of sedentary behavior, screen-based sedentary behavior (including television watching and computer or phone use), moderate to vigorous physical activity, and dietary intake of 518 adults in Chengdu, Guizhou, and Xiamen in China (54.25% women) aged 20 to 70 years were obtained between 2013 and 2015 through questionnaires...
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683749/bidirectional-associations-between-activity-related-parenting-practices-and-child-physical-activity-sedentary-screen-based-behavior-and-body-mass-index-a-longitudinal-analysis
#3
Ester F C Sleddens, Jessica S Gubbels, Stef P J Kremers, Eline van der Plas, Carel Thijs
BACKGROUND: It has been generally assumed that activity-related parenting practices influence children's activity behavior and weight status. However, vice versa parents may also change their parenting behaviors in response to their perceptions of their child's activity behavior and weight status. This study examined the bidirectional relationships between activity-related parenting practices, and physical activity, sedentary screen-based behavior, and body mass index (BMI) between children's age of 5 and 7 years...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645330/screen-based-sedentary-behavior-during-adolescence-and-pulmonary-function-in-a-birth-cohort
#4
Bruna Gonçalves C da Silva, Ana M B Menezes, Fernando C Wehrmeister, Fernando C Barros, Michael Pratt
BACKGROUND: Adolescents spend many hours in sitting activities as television viewing, video game playing and computer use. The relationship between sedentary behavior and respiratory health remains poorly elucidated. To date there have been no studies evaluating the relationship between sedentary behavior and pulmonary function in young populations. The purpose of this study is to examine the association between the trajectory of screen-based sedentary behavior from 11 to 18 years and pulmonary function at 18 years in a Brazilian birth cohort...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607565/the-prevalence-of-hypertension-and-its-relationship-with-demographic-factors-biochemical-and-anthropometric-indicators-a-population-based-study
#5
Mohammad Khajedaluee, Tahereh Hassannia, Abdolrahim Rezaee, Maryam Ziadi, Maliheh Dadgarmoghaddam
BACKGROUND: Hypertension (HTN) is an important public health challenge worldwide. The prevalence of HTN varies across countries. It is necessary to obtain valid information about the prevalence of chronic condition like HTN and its predictors in different societies. Hence, this study was conducted to assess the prevalence of HTN and associated factors in Mashhad, Iran, 2015. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed on 2974 adults residing in Mashhad in 2015...
November 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599680/sedentary-behavior-research-network-sbrn-terminology-consensus-project-process-and-outcome
#6
Mark S Tremblay, Salomé Aubert, Joel D Barnes, Travis J Saunders, Valerie Carson, Amy E Latimer-Cheung, Sebastien F M Chastin, Teatske M Altenburg, Mai J M Chinapaw
BACKGROUND: The prominence of sedentary behavior research in health science has grown rapidly. With this growth there is increasing urgency for clear, common and accepted terminology and definitions. Such standardization is difficult to achieve, especially across multi-disciplinary researchers, practitioners, and industries. The Sedentary Behavior Research Network (SBRN) undertook a Terminology Consensus Project to address this need. METHOD: First, a literature review was completed to identify key terms in sedentary behavior research...
June 10, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491483/twelve-weeks-of-dance-exergaming-in-overweight-and-obese-adolescent-girls-transfer-effects-on-physical-activity-screen-time-and-self-efficacy
#7
Amanda E Staiano, Robbie A Beyl, Daniel S Hsia, Peter T Katzmarzyk, Robert L Newton
BACKGROUND: Given the low levels of physical activity (PA) among adolescent girls in the US, there is a need to identify tools to motivate increased PA. Although there is limited evidence that adolescents transfer PA from one context to another context, exergames (i.e., video games that require gross motor activity) may act as a gateway to promote overall PA outside of game play. The purpose of this study was to examine potential transfer effects (i.e., influences on external behaviors and psychological constructs) of a 12-week exergaming intervention on adolescent girls' PA, screen-time, and self-efficacy towards PA, as well as the intrinsic motivation of exergaming...
March 2017: Journal of Sport and Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414502/change-in-explicit-and-implicit-motivation-toward-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-pulmonary-rehabilitation-and-associations-with-postrehabilitation-behaviors
#8
Guillaume Chevance, Nelly Héraud, Alain Varray, Julie Boiché
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was twofold: (a) to determine whether Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) variables and implicit attitudes toward physical activity and sedentary behavior would change during a 5-week pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) program, and (b) to investigate the relationships between behavioral intentions, implicit attitudes, physical activity, and sedentary behavior in postrehabilitation. DESIGN: Out of 142 patients with respiratory disease included in this study, 119 completed 2 questionnaires measuring TPB variables with regard to physical activity and sedentary behavior, and an Implicit Association Test (IAT) measuring implicit attitudes toward physical activity in contrast to sedentary behavior...
April 17, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378132/relationship-between-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-sedentary-behavior-in-adolescence-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Vivien Suchert, Anya Pedersen, Reiner Hanewinkel, Barbara Isensee
Existing studies reveal that high levels of sedentary behavior are associated with more inattention and hyperactivity problems. Since most previous studies used screen time as an indicator of sedentary behavior and assessed symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) by short screening measures which do not allow to distinguish between subtypes of ADHD, the current study aimed to investigate association between different types of sedentary behavior and symptoms and subtypes of ADHD. The current cross-sectional study analyzed data of 913 students (46...
April 4, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193271/demographic-correlates-of-screen-time-and-objectively-measured-sedentary-time-and-physical-activity-among-toddlers-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Valerie Carson, Nicholas Kuzik
BACKGROUND: Determining the most important demographic correlates of sedentary behavior and physical activity will help identify the groups of children that are most in need of intervention. Little is known in regards to the demographic correlates of sedentary behavior and physical activity in toddlers (aged 12-35 months), where long-term behavioral patterns may initially be formed. Therefore, the objective of this study was to examine the associations between demographic correlates and specific types of sedentary behavior and physical activity in this age group...
February 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182671/screen-based-sedentary-time-association-with-soft-drink-consumption-and-the-moderating-effect-of-parental-education-in-european-children-the-energy-study
#11
Mekdes K Gebremariam, Mai J Chinapaw, Bettina Bringolf-Isler, Elling Bere, Eva Kovacs, Maïté Verloigne, F Marijn Stok, Yannis Manios, Johannes Brug, Nanna Lien
AIM: The aim of the present study was to explore if children who spend more time on screen-based sedentary behaviors (i.e.TV viewing and computer use) drink more sugar-sweetened soft drinks. The study also assessed whether these associations were independent of individual and home environmental correlates of soft drink consumption and whether they were moderated by parental education. METHODS: Data were collected from 7886 children participating in the EuropeaN Energy balance Research to prevent excessive weight Gain among Youth (ENERGY) survey conducted in eight European countries...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108188/parental-expectations-and-child-screen-and-academic-sedentary-behaviors-in-china
#12
Miao Li, Hong Xue, Weidong Wang, Youfa Wang
INTRODUCTION: This study examined sociodemographic patterns of parental expectations for academic performance, terminal degree, and future occupation for middle school students in China, and how these expectations influence students' screen-based and academic-related sedentary behaviors through parenting control practices. METHODS: Based on data collected in 2013-2014 from 19,487 Chinese middle school students, bivariate logistic regressions tested associations between sociodemographic variables and parental expectations; structural equation models tested associations between parental expectations and students' self-reported daily time on TV/Internet/homework, with parental controls as potential mediators...
January 17, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034358/high-blood-pressure-combined-with-sedentary-behavior-in-young-people-a-systematic-review
#13
Loreana Sanches Silveira, Daniela Sayuri Inoue, José Messias Rodrigues da Silva, Suziane Ungari Cayres, Diego Giulliano Destro Christofaro
BACKGROUND: High blood pressure (HBP) is a cardiovascular risk factor that can initiate in childhood and adolescence and may be associated with other risk factors such as sedentary lifestyles. Therefore, verifying if these associations occur from the earliest ages is of fundamental importance. OBJECTIVES: to report the prevalence of HBP combined with sedentary behavior through a systematic review. DESIGN AND METHODS: The research was performed based on studies published between 2010 and 2016 in Medline, Web of Science, Excerpta Medica (EMBASE), and Scielo, using terms related to: 'sedentary behavior' OR 'screen time' AND ' high blood pressure'...
December 30, 2016: Current Hypertension Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848737/results-from-australia-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#14
Natasha K Schranz, Timothy Olds, Roslyn Boyd, John Evans, Sjaan R Gomersall, Louise Hardy, Kylie Hesketh, David R Lubans, Nicola D Ridgers, Leon Straker, Stewart Vella, Jenny Ziviani, Grant R Tomkinson
BACKGROUND: Two years on from the inaugural Active Healthy Kids Australia (AHKA) Physical Activity Report Card, there has been little to no change with the majority of Australian children still insufficiently active. METHODS: The 2016 AHKA Report Card was developed using the best available national- and state-based physical activity data, which were evaluated by the AHKA Research Working Group using predetermined weighting criteria and benchmarks to assign letter grades to the 12 Report Card indicators...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848731/results-from-scotland-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
John J Reilly, Avril Johnstone, Geraldine McNeill, Adrienne R Hughes
BACKGROUND: The 2016 Active Healthy Kids Scotland Report Card aims to improve surveillance of physical activity (PA), facilitate international comparisons, and encourage evidence-informed PA and health policy. METHODS: Active Healthy Kids Canada Report Card methodology was used: a search for data on child and adolescent PA and health published after the 2013 Scottish Report Card was carried out. Data sources were considered for grading if based on representative samples with prevalence estimates made using methods with low bias...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848725/results-from-south-africa-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Monika Uys, Susan Bassett, Catherine E Draper, Lisa Micklesfield, Andries Monyeki, Anniza de Villiers, Estelle V Lambert
BACKGROUND: We present results of the 2016 Healthy Active Kids South Africa (HAKSA) Report Card on the current status of physical activity (PA) and nutrition in South African youth. The context in which we interpret the findings is that participation in PA is a fundamental human right, along with the right to "attainment of the highest standard of health." METHODS: The HAKSA 2016 Writing Group was comprised of 33 authorities in physical education, exercise science, nutrition, public health, and journalism...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848720/results-from-nigeria-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#17
REVIEW
Ade F Adeniyi, Olukemi O Odukoya, Adewale L Oyeyemi, Rufus A Adedoyin, Olatunde S Ojo, Edirin Metseagharun, Kingsley K Akinroye
BACKGROUND: The Nigerian Report card on Physical Activity (PA) in Children and Youth was first developed in 2013 to inform practice and policy on healthy living and prevention of noncommunicable diseases among Nigerian children and youth. This article summarizes the results of the 2016 report card and provides updated evidence on the current situation in Nigeria. METHODS: A comprehensive review of literature was undertaken by the Report Card Working Group. Grades were assigned to 10 PA indicators based on the criteria used for the 2013 edition...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792134/sedentary-behavior-is-independently-related-to-fat-mass-among-children-and-adolescents-in-south-china
#18
Hongmei Xue, Guo Tian, Ruonan Duan, Liming Quan, Li Zhao, Min Yang, Lars Libuda, Rebecca Muckelbauer, Guo Cheng
We aim to explore the independent associations of sedentary behaviors (SB) with body mass distribution among Chinese children. Data on the screen-based sedentary time (television viewing and computer use) and doing homework, physical activities and dietary intake of 1586 Chinese children (50.3% girls) aged 7-15 years were obtained through validated questionnaires. Skin-fold thickness, body height, and weight were measured to calculate percent body fat (%BF), fat mass index (FMI), and fat-free mass index (FFMI)...
October 25, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780894/differences-in-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-and-health-behaviors-between-black-and-non-black-students-participating-in-a-school-based-health-promotion-program
#19
Taylor Jamerson, Rachel Sylvester, Qingmei Jiang, Nicole Corriveau, Jean DuRussel-Weston, Eva Kline-Rogers, Elizabeth A Jackson, Kim A Eagle
PURPOSE: To compare cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors of black and non-black children participating in Project Healthy Schools (PHS), a school-based wellness program. DESIGN: Participants were surveyed and participated in physiological screenings pre- and post-PHS intervention. SETTING: Middle schools in 4 Michigan communities of varying socioeconomic status. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 3813 sixth-grade students comprised the survey sample, and 2297 sixth-grade students comprised the screening sample...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768014/time-spent-in-sedentary-activities-in-a-pediatric-population-in-pretoria-central-south-africa
#20
Daniel T Goon, Constance A Nsibambi, Milton Chebet
BACKGROUND: Scant information exist on screen time behavior of South Africa children and whether they do not meet the recommendation of American Association of Pediatrics (AAP) concerning screen time activity for children is only speculative. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the time spent in sedentary activities, especially screen time of South African children with regard to gender. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved a random sample of 1136 school children (548 boys; 588 girls) aged 9-13 years attending public schools in Central Pretoria, South Africa...
December 2016: Minerva Pediatrica
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