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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918684/racial-ethnic-differences-in-the-associations-between-physical-activity-and-sleep-duration-a-population-based-study
#1
Rosenda Murillo, Maya J Lambiase, Bonny J Rockette-Wagner, Andrea M Kriska, Jeffrey P Haibach, Rebecca C Thurston
BACKGROUND: This study examined associations between physical activity (recreational, non-recreational) and sleep duration among a nationally representative diverse sample of U.S. adults. METHODS: We used cross-sectional data from 9,205 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-2012 participants aged 20-65 years who identified as White, Black, or Hispanic. Activity (i.e., recreation, occupation, and transportation activity) was categorized into quartiles...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914903/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-and-short-term-psychoanalytical-psychotherapy-versus-a-brief-psychosocial-intervention-in-adolescents-with-unipolar-major-depressive-disorder-impact-a-multicentre-pragmatic-observer-blind-randomised-controlled-superiority-trial
#2
Ian M Goodyer, Shirley Reynolds, Barbara Barrett, Sarah Byford, Bernadka Dubicka, Jonathan Hill, Fiona Holland, Raphael Kelvin, Nick Midgley, Chris Roberts, Rob Senior, Mary Target, Barry Widmer, Paul Wilkinson, Peter Fonagy
BACKGROUND: Psychological treatments for adolescents with unipolar major depressive disorder are associated with diagnostic remission within 28 weeks in 65-70% of patients. We aimed to assess the medium-term effects and costs of psychological therapies on maintenance of reduced depression symptoms 12 months after treatment. METHODS: We did this multicentre, pragmatic, observer-blind, randomised controlled superiority trial (IMPACT) at 15 National Health Service child and adolescent mental health service (CAMHS) clinics in three regions in England...
November 30, 2016: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909305/j-curve-relation-between-daytime-nap-duration-and-type-2-diabetes-or-metabolic-syndrome-a-dose-response-meta-analysis
#3
Tomohide Yamada, Nobuhiro Shojima, Toshimasa Yamauchi, Takashi Kadowaki
Adequate sleep is important for good health, but it is not always easy to achieve because of social factors. Daytime napping is widely prevalent around the world. We performed a meta-analysis to investigate the association between napping (or excessive daytime sleepiness: EDS) and the risk of type 2 diabetes or metabolic syndrome, and to quantify the potential dose-response relation using cubic spline models. Electronic databases were searched for articles published up to 2016, with 288,883 Asian and Western subjects...
December 2, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904026/inverse-relationship-between-sleep-duration-and-cardio-ankle-vascular-index-in-children
#4
Noriteru Morita, Isao Kambayashi, Tomoyasu Okuda, Shiro Oda, Shingo Takada, Toshihiro Nakajima, Noriyuki Shide, Hisashi Shinkaiya, Koichi Okita
AIM: Poor sleep has been shown to be associated with the development of cardiovascular risk factors, such as obesity, in both adults and children. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between sleep duration and arterial stiffness indices in Japanese children and early adolescents. METHODS: The data on 102 students (56 males, 46 females; mean age, 11.9±1.8 years) were analyzed. As non-invasive arterial stiffness parameters, the cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) and heart-ankle pulse wave velocity (haPWV) were evaluated...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903128/postoperative-outcome-of-body-core-temperature-rhythm-and-sleep-wake-cycle-in-third-ventricle-craniopharyngiomas
#5
Matteo Zoli, Luisa Sambati, Laura Milanese, Matteo Foschi, Marco Faustini-Fustini, Gianluca Marucci, Dario de Biase, Giovanni Tallini, Annagrazia Cecere, Francesco Mignani, Carmelo Sturiale, Giorgio Frank, Ernesto Pasquini, Pietro Cortelli, Diego Mazzatenta, Federica Provini
OBJECTIVE One of the more serious risks in the treatment of third ventricle craniopharyngiomas is represented by hypothalamic damage. Recently, many papers have reported the expansion of the indications for the endoscopic endonasal approach (EEA) to be used for these tumors as well. The aim of this study was to assess the outcome of sleep-wake cycle and body core temperature (BCT), both depending on hypothalamic control, in patients affected by craniopharyngiomas involving the third ventricle that were surgically treated via an EEA...
December 2016: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893291/association-between-use-of-short-acting-benzodiazepines-and-migraine-occurrence-a-nationwide-population-based-case-control-study
#6
Tomor Harnod, Yu-Chiao Wang, Cheng-Li Lin, Chun-Hung Tseng
AIM: To evaluate the association between using benzodiazepines (BZDs) with short- or long-acting durations and migraine occurrence. METHODS: 9616 subjects aged older than 20 years and newly diagnosed with migraine between 2005 and 2011 comprised the migraine group, and 38464 subjects without migraine comprised the comparison group. The BZDs used in the subjects were dichotomously defined as short-acting (half-life ≤24 h) and long-acting substances. Logistic regression model was used to calculate the odds ratio (OR) of migraine associated with BZD exposure and other diseases...
November 28, 2016: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893073/association-between-severity-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-number-and-sites-of-upper-airway-operations-with-surgery-complications
#7
Zamzil Amin Asha'ari, Jamalludin Ab Rahman, Abdul Hadi Mohamed, Kahairi Abdullah, Wan Ishlah Leman
Importance: In patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), operative risks depend on the severity of the underlying OSA and the invasiveness of the surgical procedure. Objective: To investigate the nature of the associations between the severity of OSA and the number and anatomical sites of upper airway operations with operative complications. Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective study included adult patients diagnosed with OSA (apnea-hypopnea index [AHI], >5) who underwent upper airway surgery at a single tertiary referral hospital between October 1, 2008, and October 1, 2015...
November 23, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875021/lifestyle-and-bowel-movements-in-school-children-results-from-the-toyama-birth-cohort-study
#8
Masaaki Yamada, Michikazu Sekine, Takashi Tatsuse
BACKGROUND: Constipation is prevalent health disorder and it has been bothering many pediatricians as well as people suffering from constipation. There have been few epidemiological surveys about constipation in Japanese children. This study aims to evaluate the prevalence of non-daily bowel movements (BM) and irregular BM among children and to identify modifiable lifestyle factors relevant to their bowel habits. METHODS: Subjects were from the Toyama Birth Cohort Study in Japan...
November 22, 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870902/sleep-duration-exercise-shift-work-and-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-related-outcomes-in-a-healthy-population-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Audrey J R Lim, Zhongwei Huang, Seok Eng Chua, Michael S Kramer, Eu-Leong Yong
CONTEXT: Few studies have examined the associations between sleep duration, shiftwork, and exercise to the infrequent menstruation, hyperandrogenism, and ovarian morphological changes observed in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). OBJECTIVE: To examine whether lifestyle factors, including short sleep duration, insufficient exercise, and shiftwork, alone or in combination, are associated with the reproductive and metabolic abnormalities typical of PCOS in a healthy population...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868206/impact-of-short-sleep-on-metabolic-variables-in-obese-children-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#10
Bharat Bhushan, Bushra Ayub, Dana M Thompson, Fizan Abdullah, Kathleen R Billings
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To analyze the association between sleep duration, metabolic variables, and insulin resistance in obese children with and without obstructive sleep apnea. The decline in sleep duration has paralleled a dramatic increase in the prevalence of obesity and diabetes, suggesting a mechanistic relationship. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective, case series. METHODS: Consecutive obese patients 3 to 12 years of age who underwent polysomnography (PSG) and a metabolic panel and who completed a 14-item sleep questionnaire were analyzed...
November 21, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857841/relationship-between-sleep-characteristics-and-measures-of-body-size-and-composition-in-a-nationally-representative-sample
#11
Qian Xiao, Fangyi Gu, Neil Caporaso, Charles E Matthews
BACKGROUND: Short sleep has been linked to obesity. However, sleep is a multidimensional behavior that cannot be characterized solely by sleep duration. There is limited study that comprehensively examined different sleep characteristics in relation to obesity. METHODS: We examined various aspects of sleep in relation to adiposity in 2005-2006 NHANES participants who were 18 or older and free of cardiovascular disease, cancer, emphysema, chronic bronchitis and depression (N = 3995)...
2016: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857185/changes-in-sleep-duration-and-risk-of-metabolic-syndrome-the-kailuan-prospective-study
#12
Qiaofeng Song, Xiaoxue Liu, Wenhua Zhou, Xizhu Wang, Shouling Wu
Using a large longitudinal data set spanning 4 years, we examined whether a change in self-reported sleep duration is associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS). Current analysis included 15,753 participants who were free of MetS during both 2006-2007 and 2010-2011. Sleep duration was categorized into seven groups: ≤5.5 h, 6.0-6.5 h, 7.0 h, 7.5-8.0 h, ≥8.5 h, decrease ≥2 h, and increase ≥2 h. Cox proportional hazards models were used to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) and their confidence intervals (CI) for MetS, according to sleep duration...
November 18, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855757/too-long-too-short-or-too-variable-sleep-intraindividual-variability-and-its-associations-with-perceived-sleep-quality-and-mood-in-adolescents-during-naturalistically-unconstrained-sleep
#13
Bei Bei, Rachel Manber, Nicholas B Allen, John Trinder, Joshua F Wiley
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Research has extensively examined the relationship between adolescents' mental health and average sleep duration/quality. Using rigorous methodology, this study characterized adolescents' objective sleep intraindividual variability (IIV), and examined its role on mood beyond the effects of mean sleep parameters. METHODS: 146 community-dwelling adolescents (47.3% male) aged 16.2±1.0 (M±SD) years wore an actigraph that assessed bedtime, risetime, time-in-bed (TIB), and sleep onset latency (SOL) throughout a 15-day vacation with relatively unconstrained sleep opportunity...
November 14, 2016: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855754/sleep-quality-and-nocturnal-sleep-duration-in-pregnancy-and-risk-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#14
Shirong Cai, Sara Tan, Peter D Gluckman, Keith M Godfrey, Seang-Mei Saw, Oon Hoe Teoh, Yap-Seng Chong, Michael J Meaney, Michael S Kramer, Joshua J Gooley
OBJECTIVE: To examine the influence of maternal sleep quality and nocturnal sleep duration on risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in a multi-ethnic Asian population. METHODS: 686 women (376 Chinese, 186 Malay and 124 Indian) with a singleton pregnancy attended a clinic visit at 26-28 weeks of gestation as part of the Growing Up in Singapore Towards healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) mother-offspring cohort study. Self-reported sleep quality and sleep duration were assessed using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI)...
November 14, 2016: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855750/short-sleep-duration-is-associated-with-eating-more-carbohydrates-and-less-dietary-fat-in-mexican-american-children
#15
Suzanna M Martinez, Jeanne M Tschann, Nancy F Butte, Steve E Gregorich, Carlos Penilla, Elena Flores, Louise C Greenspan, Lauri A Pasch, Julianna Deardorff
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Short sleep duration is a risk factor for childhood obesity. Mechanisms are unclear, but may involve selection of high carbohydrate foods. This study examined the association between estimated sleep duration and macronutrient intake as percentages of total energy among Mexican American (MA) 9-11 year olds. METHODS: This cross-sectional study measured diet using two 24-hour recalls and estimated sleep duration using hip-worn accelerometry in MA children (n=247) who were part of a cohort study...
November 14, 2016: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855749/nocturnal-dynamics-of-sleep-wake-transitions-in-patients-with-narcolepsy
#16
Xiaozhe Zhang, Jan W Kantelhardt, Xiao Song Dong, Dagmar Krefting, Jing Li, Han Yan, Frank Pillmann, Ingo Fietze, Thomas Penzel, Long Zhao, Fang Han
STUDY OBJECTIVES: We investigate how characteristics of sleep-wake dynamics in humans are modified by narcolepsy, a clinical condition that is supposed to destabilize sleep-wake regulation. Subjects with and without cataplexy are considered separately. Differences in sleep scoring habits as a possible confounder have been examined. METHODS: Four groups of subjects are considered: narcolepsy patients from China with (n=88) and without (n=15) cataplexy, healthy controls from China (n=110) and from Europe (n=187, two nights each)...
November 14, 2016: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849493/the-combined-effect-of-sleep-duration-and-quality-on-mental-health-among-republic-of-korea-armed-forces
#17
Tae Kyung Kim, Hee-Choon Lee, Sang Gyu Lee, Kyu-Tae Han, Eun-Cheol Park
Sleep problems in the Republic of Korea Armed Forces have increased. This study analyzed the mental health impact of sleep duration and quality on personnel of the Republic of Korea Armed Forces. Data from the 2014 Military Health Survey were used. Degree of sleep duration and quality were measured by this self-reported questionnaire. Analysis of variance was carried out to compare Kessler Psychological Distress Scale 10 (K10) scores. Multiple logistic regression analysis identified associations between sleep duration, quality, and K10 scores...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846789/impact-of-breakthrough-pain-on-community-dwelling-cancer-patients-results-from-the-national-breakthrough-pain-study
#18
Nathaniel P Katz, Kavita L Gajria, Alicia C Shillington, Judith J Stephenson, Qing Harshaw
OBJECTIVE: To characterize cancer-related breakthrough pain (BTcP) among community-dwelling patients with cancer. METHODS: Data from the National Breakthrough Pain Study, a cross-sectional observational survey describing breakthrough pain (BTP) in the community, were analyzed for a subset of patients with BTcP. Eligible patients were community-dwelling adults with commercial insurance and insurance claims consistent with cancer and chronic pain who consented to a structured telephone interview...
December 5, 2016: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846107/gender-differences-in-self-perceptions-about-aging-and-sleep-among-elderly-chinese-residents-in-taiwan
#19
Jong-Ni Lin
BACKGROUND: Previous research has revealed the existence of gender differences in sleep patterns among older adults from various ethnic groups. Data on how gender affects the sleep patterns of Taiwanese are limited. PURPOSE: The purposes of the current study were to (a) describe perceptions about aging and the influence of these perceptions on sleep in elderly men and women, respectively, and (b) determine whether there are gender differences in perceptions and appraisal of sleep...
December 2016: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843703/poor-sleep-quality-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-gender-differences
#20
Marianna Vitkova, Jaroslav Rosenberger, Zuzana Gdovinova, Jarmila Szilasiova, Pavol Mikula, Johan W Groothoff, Sijmen A Reijneveld, Jitse P van Dijk
OBJECTIVES: Most of the psychological and physical factors associated with poor sleep quality in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) have a different prevalence in women and men, but whether or not these factors contribute differently to sleep quality in women and men with MS remains unclear. The aim of this study was to identify possible gender differences in factors related to poor sleep quality in MS patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We collected data from 153 patients with MS...
November 2016: Brain and Behavior
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