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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444695/exercise-therapy-for-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#1
REVIEW
Lillebeth Larun, Kjetil G Brurberg, Jan Odgaard-Jensen, Jonathan R Price
BACKGROUND: Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is characterised by persistent, medically unexplained fatigue, as well as symptoms such as musculoskeletal pain, sleep disturbance, headaches and impaired concentration and short-term memory. CFS presents as a common, debilitating and serious health problem. Treatment may include physical interventions, such as exercise therapy, which was last reviewed in 2004. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to determine the effects of exercise therapy (ET) for patients with CFS as compared with any other intervention or control...
April 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439921/impact-of-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-and-intermittent-hypoxia-on-cardiovascular-and-cerebrovascular-regulation
#2
Andrew E Beaudin, Xavier Waltz, Patrick J Hanly, Marc J Poulin
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease, a consequence attributed in part to chronic intermittent hypoxia (IH) resulting from repetitive apnoeas during sleep. Although findings from experimental animal, and human, models have shown that IH is detrimental to vascular regulation, the severity of IH used in many of these animal studies (e.g. inspired fraction of oxygen (FI O2 ) = 2-3%; oxygen desaturation index (ODI) = 120 events h(-1) ) is considerably greater than that observed in the majority of patients with OSA...
April 24, 2017: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439769/perceived-neighborhood-safety-is-associated-with-poor-sleep-health-among-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-paris-france
#3
Dustin T Duncan, Su Hyun Park, William C Goedel, Noah T Kreski, Jace G Morganstein, H Rhodes Hambrick, Girardin Jean-Louis, Basile Chaix
Recent studies have examined sleep health among men who have sex with men (MSM), but no studies have examined associations of neighborhood characteristics and sleep health among this population. The purpose of this study was to examine associations between perceived neighborhood safety and sleep health among a sample of MSM in Paris, France. We placed broadcast advertisements on a popular smartphone application for MSM in October 2016 to recruit users in the Paris (France) metropolitan area (n = 580). Users were directed to complete a web-based survey, including previously used items measuring perceptions of neighborhood safety, validated measures of sleep health, and socio-demographics...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437294/sleep-detriments-associated-with-quick-returns-in-rotating-shift-work-a-diary-study
#4
Øystein Vedaa, Erik Mørland, Marit Larsen, Anette Harris, Eilin Erevik, Børge Sivertsen, Bjørn Bjorvatn, Siri Waage, Ståle Pallesen
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to compared sleep characteristics associated with quick returns (QRs, <11 hours between shift intervals) with those associated with other common shift transitions. METHODS: Sixty-seven nurses completed a 2-week work and sleep diary (94.0% female, mean age 47.7 years). A multilevel fixed effects model was used to examine the sleep in QRs compared with two consecutive night shifts, two consecutive evening shifts, and two consecutive day shifts, respectively...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436241/academic-performance-and-lifestyle-behaviors-in-australian-school-children-a-cluster-analysis
#5
Dorothea Dumuid, Timothy Olds, Josep-Antoni Martín-Fernández, Lucy K Lewis, Leah Cassidy, Carol Maher
Poor academic performance has been linked with particular lifestyle behaviors, such as unhealthy diet, short sleep duration, high screen time, and low physical activity. However, little is known about how lifestyle behavior patterns (or combinations of behaviors) contribute to children's academic performance. We aimed to compare academic performance across clusters of children with common lifestyle behavior patterns. We clustered participants (Australian children aged 9-11 years, n = 284) into four mutually exclusive groups of distinct lifestyle behavior patterns, using the following lifestyle behaviors as cluster inputs: light, moderate, and vigorous physical activity; sedentary behavior and sleep, derived from 24-hour accelerometry; self-reported screen time and diet...
April 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434419/factors-of-nocturnal-sleep-and-daytime-nap-durations-in-community-dwelling-elderly-a-longitudinal-population-based-study
#6
Grand H-L Cheng, Angelique Chan, June C Lo
BACKGROUND: Durations of nocturnal sleep and daytime nap influence the well-being of older adults. It is thus essential to understand their determinants. However, much previous research did not assess sleep duration and nap duration individually, and longitudinal data is lacking. This study aimed at examining the impact of demographic, psychosocial, and health factors, including ethnicity, social networks outside the household, smoking and physical exercise on sleep duration and nap duration among community-dwelling elderly...
April 24, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427485/gender-specific-association-of-sleep-duration-with-body-mass-index-waist-circumference-and-body-fat-in-chinese-adults
#7
Liu Xia Yan, Xiao Rong Chen, Bo Chen, Ya Min Bai, Jian Hong Li, Xin Wei Zhang, Zhong Dong, Hao Wang, Sheng Quan Mi, Wen Hua Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between habitual sleep duration and obesity among Chinese adults. METHODS: The association of sleep duration and obesity was investigated among 7,094 community-dwelling Chinese adults. Sleep duration was self-reported. In this study, obesity was defined as follows: body mass index (BMI) ⋝ 28 kg/m2, waist circumference (WC) ⋝ 85 cm in men and ⋝ 80 cm in women, and percent body fat (%BF) ⋝ 25 in men and ⋝ 35 in women...
March 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426128/hippocampal-electrical-stimulation-disrupts-associative-learning-when-targeted-at-dentate-spikes
#8
Miriam S Nokia, Irina Gureviciene, Tomi Waselius, Heikki Tanila, Markku Penttonen
Hippocampal electrophysiological oscillations, namely theta and ripples, have been implicated in encoding and consolidation of new memories, respectively. According to existing literature, hippocampal dentate spikes are prominent, short-duration (<30 ms), large-amplitude (∼2-4 mV) fluctuations in hilar local-field potentials that take place during awake immobility and sleep. Interestingly, previous studies indicate that during dentate spikes dentate gyrus granule cells increase their firing while firing of CA1 pyramidal cells are suppressed, thus resulting in momentary uncoupling of the two hippocampal subregions...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425823/association-between-sleep-time-and-depression-a-cross-sectional-study-from-countries-in-rural-northeastern-china
#9
Jiang Mohan, Guo Xiaofan, Sun Yingxian
Objective To investigate the current situation of sleep status and examine its association with depression among counties in rural areas of Liaoning Province, China. Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted from January 2012 to August 2013 in Northeast China. A total of 11,276 subjects aged ≥35 years were surveyed and completed the Patient Health Questionnaire-9; each participant answered questions about their sleep duration. Results For individuals with a sleep time of ≤6, 6-7, 7-8, 8-9, and ≥9 h, the respective risk of depression was 10...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417334/sleep-quality-duration-and-breast-cancer-aggressiveness
#10
Allison Soucise, Caila Vaughn, Cheryl L Thompson, Amy E Millen, Jo L Freudenheim, Jean Wactawski-Wende, Amanda I Phipps, Lauren Hale, Lihong Qi, Heather M Ochs-Balcom
PURPOSE: Epidemiological studies suggest that short sleep duration and poor sleep quality may increase breast cancer risk. However, whether sleep is associated with breast tumor aggressiveness characteristics has largely been unexplored. METHODS: The study included 4171 non-Hispanic whites (NHW) and 235 African Americans (AA) diagnosed with incident, primary, invasive breast cancer in the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) Observational Study (1994-2013). We used logistic regression to examine the association of baseline sleep (sleep duration, sleep quality, WHI Insomnia Rating Scale) with tumor grade, stage, hormone receptor status, HER2 status...
April 17, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417104/combined-bifrontal-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-and-tailor-made-notched-music-training-in-chronic-tinnitus
#11
Ho Yun Lee, Myoung Su Choi, Dong Sik Chang, Chin-Saeng Cho
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the short-term treatment outcomes of combined bifrontal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and tailor-made notched music training (TMNMT) in tinnitus patients. The associations of patient characteristics with treatment responsiveness were investigated. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Four sessions of bifrontal tDCS (F4: anode, F3: cathode) and TMNMT were conducted over a 2-week period in tinnitus patients. For tDCS, the stimulation intensity was 1...
April 2017: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412762/sleep-deprivation-and-late-bedtime-impair-sperm-health-through-increasing-antisperm-antibody-production-a-prospective-study-of-981-healthy-men
#12
Mei-Mei Liu, Li Liu, Liang Chen, Xiao-Jing Yin, Hui Liu, Yan-Hua Zhang, Pei-Ling Li, Shan Wang, Xiao-Xiao Li, Cai-Hong Yu
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of sleep duration and bedtime on sperm health, and the possible mechanism involved. MATERIAL AND METHODS We randomly divided 981 healthy Chinese men into groups according to research-set bedtimes (A=8-10 PM, B=after 10 PM, and C=after midnight) and sleep durations: group 1=<6.0 h (short), group 2=7.0-8.0 h (average), and group 3=>9.0 h (long). Sperm morphology, count, survival, and motility were examined according to sleep patterns. Antisperm antibody (ASA) production in semen was determined...
April 16, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396029/parental-incarceration-and-child-sleep-and-eating-behaviors
#13
Dylan B Jackson, Michael G Vaughn
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether parental incarceration is significantly associated with a number of sleep and eating behaviors among offspring during early childhood. STUDY DESIGN: Data from the Fragile Families and Child Well-Being Study, an at-risk sample of parents and their offspring, were employed to test this possibility. Both maternal and paternal incarceration history were examined as predictors of whether children manifested high levels of the following 7 health behaviors: sleep problems, short sleep duration, salty snack consumption, starch consumption, sweets consumption, soda consumption, and fast food consumption...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393097/short-and-sweet-associations-between-self-reported-sleep-duration-and-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-among-adults-in-the-united-states
#14
Aric A Prather, Cindy Leung, Nancy E Adler, Lorrene Ritchie, Barbara Laraia, Elissa S Epel
OBJECTIVES: Sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs) are a major factor in the development of obesity and cardiometabolic disease. Shortened sleep duration has also been linked to increased appetite and obesity. Here, we examined whether there was an association between self-reported sleep duration and SSB consumption among adults aged 18 years and older. METHODS: Using data from 2005-12 NHANES we examined self- reported sleep duration and beverage intake (types of SSBs, juice, water, coffee, tea) from two 24-hour dietary recalls among 18,779 adults...
December 2016: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385173/novel-augmentation-strategies-in-major-depression
#15
Klaus Martiny
Hypothesis The hypotheses of all the four included studies share the common idea that it is possible to augment the effect of antidepressant drug treatment by applying different interventions and with each intervention attain a clinically meaningful better effect compared to a control condition, and with minor side effects, thus improving the short- and medium-term outcome in major depression. Procedures Study design The basic study design has been the double blind randomised controlled trial (RCT). In the light therapy study, all patients were treated with sertraline for the whole of the study duration...
April 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384333/relationship-between-sleep-parameters-insulin-resistance-and-age-adjusted-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-score-in-non-diabetic-older-patients
#16
Sarah Damanti, Olivier Bourron, Mohamed Doulazmi, Anne-Laure Mandengue Sosso, Vi-Huong Nguyen-Michel, Jean Mariani, Kiyoka Kinugawa
BACKGROUND: Sleep complaints are prevalent in older patients. Sleepiness, short or long sleep duration and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are associated with insulin resistance (IR). These parameters have not yet been considered together in the same study exploring the possible association between IR and sleep in older patients. IR is involved in cardiovascular and metabolic diseases, pathologies which are highly prevalent in older patients. Here we assess, in older non-diabetic patients with sleep complaints, the associations between IR and sleep parameters objectively recorded by polysomnography (PSG) rather than self-report...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380704/poor-sleep-and-risk-of-falls-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#17
Yaena Min, Patricia W Slattum
Concerns about sleep problems and falls in older adults are significant. This article reviews the association between sleep problems and falls in community-dwelling adults aged 65 years or older. Multiple databases were searched from inception until 2015 using sleep, sleep disorders, and falls as keywords, limiting to studies published in English in peer-reviewed journals. After screening and assessing for eligibility, 18 articles were selected based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Findings of an association between sleep problems and risk of falls are conflicting, but some specific sleep problems such as extremely short sleep duration, daytime sleepiness and naps appear to be significantly related to falls in older adults...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378384/short-interval-leg-movements-during-sleep-entail-greater-cardiac-activation-than-periodic-leg-movements-during-sleep-in-restless-legs-syndrome-patients
#18
Raffaele Ferri, Francesco Rundo, Alessandro Silvani, Marco Zucconi, Debora Aricò, Oliviero Bruni, Bartolo Lanuzza, Luigi Ferini-Strambi, Mauro Manconi
Periodic leg movements during sleep (PLMS) are sequences of ≥4 motor events with intermovement intervals (IMI) of 10-90 s. PLMS are a supportive diagnostic criterion for restless legs syndrome (RLS) and entail cardiac activation, particularly when associated with arousal. RLS patients also over-express short-interval leg movements during sleep (SILMS), which have IMI <10 s and are organized mainly in sequences of two movements (doublets). We tested whether the cardiac activation associated with SILMS doublets differs from that associated with PLMS in a sample of 25 RLS patients...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376532/sleep-duration-and-c-reactive-protein-in-us-adults
#19
Michael R Richardson, James R Churilla
OBJECTIVE: To use gender-stratified logistic regression analysis to examine the associations between elevated C-reactive protein (CRP; >3-10 mg/L) and sleep duration. METHODS: The study sample included male (n = 5033) and female (n = 4917) adult (20 years old and older) participants in the 2007-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Sleep duration was categorized as short (≤6 hours/day), adequate (7-8 hours/day), or long (≥9 hours/day). Logistic regression models were adjusted for age, race, smoking status, physical activity, and waist circumference...
April 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371850/interactive-effects-of-sleep-duration-and-morning-evening-preference-on-cardiovascular-risk-factors
#20
Freda Patterson, Susan Kohl Malone, Michael A Grandner, Alicia Lozano, Mackenzie Perkett, Alexandra Hanlon
: Sleep duration and morningness/eveningness (circadian preference) have separately been associated with cardiovascular risk factors (i.e. tobacco use, physical inactivity). Interactive effects are plausible, resulting from combinations of sleep homeostatic and circadian influences. These have not been examined in a population sample. : Multivariable regression models were used to test the associations between combinations of sleep duration (short [≤6 h], adequate [7-8 h], long [≥9 h]) and morning/evening preference (morning, somewhat morning, somewhat evening, evening) with the cardiovascular risk factors of tobacco use, physical inactivity, high sedentary behaviour, obesity/overweight and eating fewer than 5 daily servings of fruit and vegetables, in a cross-sectional sample of 439 933 adults enrolled in the United Kingdom Biobank project...
March 27, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
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