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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230809/association-of-sleep-duration-sleep-quality-and-shift-work-schedule-in-relation-to-hypertension-prevalence-in-chinese-adult-males-a-cross-sectional-survey
#1
Kai Lu, Jia Chen, Li Wang, Changying Wang, Rongjing Ding, Shouling Wu, Dayi Hu
Background: Previous studies indicated that measurement of sleep only by duration and quality may be biased. This study aimed to investigate the interactive association of self-reported sleep duration, quality and shift-work schedule with hypertension prevalence in Chinese adult males. Methods: A total of 4519 Chinese adult males (≥18 years) were enrolled into the cross-sectional survey. Sleep attributes were measured from the responses to the standard Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and relevant questions in a structured questionnaire survey...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228567/prolonged-sleep-duration-as-a-marker-of-early-neurodegeneration-predicting-incident-dementia
#2
Andrew J Westwood, Alexa Beiser, Nikita Jain, Jayandra J Himali, Charles DeCarli, Sanford H Auerbach, Matthew P Pase, Sudha Seshadri
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between sleep duration and the risk of incident dementia and brain aging. METHODS: Self-reported total hours of sleep were examined in the Framingham Heart Study (n = 2,457, mean age 72 ± 6 years, 57% women) as a 3-level variable: <6 hours (short), 6-9 hours (reference), and >9 hours (long), and was related to the risk of incident dementia over 10 years, and cross-sectionally to total cerebral brain volume (TCBV) and cognitive performance...
February 22, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224405/complications-of-acromegaly-cardiovascular-respiratory-and-metabolic-comorbidities
#3
REVIEW
Rosario Pivonello, Renata S Auriemma, Ludovica F S Grasso, Claudia Pivonello, Chiara Simeoli, Roberta Patalano, Mariano Galdiero, Annamaria Colao
Acromegaly is associated with an enhanced mortality, with cardiovascular and respiratory complications representing not only the most frequent comorbidities but also two of the main causes of deaths, whereas a minor role is played by metabolic complications, and particularly diabetes mellitus. The most prevalent cardiovascular complications of acromegaly include a cardiomyopathy, characterized by cardiac hypertrophy and diastolic and systolic dysfunction together with arterial hypertension, cardiac rhythm disorders and valve diseases, as well as vascular endothelial dysfunction...
February 21, 2017: Pituitary
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220576/sleep-duration-and-falls-a-systemic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#4
REVIEW
Lei Wu, Dali Sun
Several epidemiological studies have linked sleep duration with falls; however, the findings yielded inconsistent results. No quantitative analysis has specifically assessed the influence of sleep duration on falls. PubMed and Embase were screened for observational studies from inception to 13 September 2016. A generic inverse-variance method was used to pool the outcome data for sleep duration categories of the lowest category versus reference, and the highest category versus reference with a random-effects model...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218661/exploring-the-effect-of-lactium%C3%A2-and-zizyphus-complex-on-sleep-quality-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#5
Andrew Scholey, Sarah Benson, Amy Gibbs, Naomi Perry, Jerome Sarris, Greg Murray
Acute, non-clinical insomnia is not uncommon. Sufferers commonly turn to short-term use of herbal supplements to alleviate the symptoms. This placebo-controlled, double-blind study investigated the efficacy of LZComplex3 (lactium™, Zizyphus, Humulus lupulus, magnesium and vitamin B6), in otherwise healthy adults with mild insomnia. After a 7-day single-blind placebo run-in, eligible volunteers (n = 171) were randomized (1:1) to receive daily treatment for 2 weeks with LZComplex3 or placebo. Results revealed that sleep quality measured by change in Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) score improved in both the LZComplex3 and placebo groups...
February 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215269/is-there-an-association-between-short-sleep-duration-and-adolescent-anxiety-disorders
#6
Robert E Roberts, Hao T Duong
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to provide the first data on the prospective, reciprocal association between short sleep duration and DSM-IV anxiety disorders among adolescents. METHODS: A community-based two-wave cohort study included 4175 youths aged 11-17 years at baseline, with 3134 of these followed up a year later, drawn from a metropolitan area with a population of over 4 million. Anxiety is defined as any DSM-IV anxiety disorder in the past year generalized anxiety: panic disorder, agoraphobia without panic, social phobia, and post-traumatic stress disorder...
February 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215265/intrinsic-and-extrinsic-predictors-of-video-gaming-behaviour-and-adolescent-bedtimes-the-relationship-between-flow-states-self-perceived-risk-taking-device-accessibility-parental-regulation-of-media-and-bedtime
#7
Lisa J Smith, Michael Gradisar, Daniel L King, Michelle Short
How computer games affect the time at which adolescents go to bed is of growing research interest; however, the intrinsic individual and extrinsic sociocultural factors mediating the relationship between gaming and sleep have received minimal attention. This paper investigates how gaming duration mediates the relationship between intrinsic factors (perception of risky events and flow) and extrinsic factors (parental regulation and media accessibility) and adolescent bedtime. Adolescents (N = 422; age = 16...
February 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215257/self-reported-sleep-pattern-quality-and-problems-among-schooling-adolescents-in-southwestern-nigeria
#8
Folusho M Balogun, Abieyuwa O Alohan, Adebola E Orimadegun
OBJECTIVE: Understanding sleep patterns and related factors is vital to development in adolescence, but there is a dearth of this information among adolescents in developing countries such as Nigeria. Therefore, this study describes the sleep patterns, problems, and predictors of poor sleep quality among schooling adolescents. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study design, 450 adolescents were selected and interviewed about their sleep experience and problems over the preceding one-month period using a validated form with components adapted from the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) questionnaire...
February 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213632/preventing-weight-gain-improves-sleep-quality-among-black-women-results-from-a-rct
#9
Dori M Steinberg, Jacob Christy, Bryan C Batch, Sandy Askew, Reneé H Moore, Portia Parker, Gary G Bennett
BACKGROUND: Obesity and poor sleep are highly prevalent among Black women. PURPOSE: We examined whether a weight gain prevention intervention improved sleep among Black women. METHODS: We conducted a randomized trial comparing a 12-month weight gain prevention intervention that included self-monitoring through mobile technologies and phone coaching to usual care in community health centers. We measured sleep using the Medical Outcomes Study Sleep Scale at baseline, 12 months, and 18 months...
February 17, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212691/efficacy-of-the-new-generation-of-devices-for-positional-therapy-for-patients-with-positional-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-and-meta-analysis
#10
Madeline J L Ravesloot, David White, Raphael Heinzer, Arie Oksenberg, Jean-Louis Pépin
STUDY OBJECTIVES: In approximately 56% to 75% of patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), the frequency and duration of apneas are influenced by body position. This is referred to as position-dependent OSA or POSA. Patients with POSA can be treated with a small device attached to either the neck or chest. These devices-a new generation of devices for positional therapy (PT)-provide a subtle vibrating stimulus that prevents patients adopting the supine position. The objectives of this study were to determine whether PT is effective in improving sleep study variables and sleepiness, and to assess compliance...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208812/relationship-between-self-reported-dietary-nutrient-intake-and-self-reported-sleep-duration-among-japanese-adults
#11
Yoko Komada, Hajime Narisawa, Fumitaka Ueda, Hitomi Saito, Hiroyuki Sakaguchi, Makoto Mitarai, Rina Suzuki, Norihisa Tamura, Shigeru Inoue, Yuichi Inoue
Several studies have reported that short sleep duration is a risk factor for obesity and metabolic disease. Moreover, both sleep duration and sleep timing might independently be associated with dietary nutrient intake. In this study, we investigated the associations between self-reported sleep duration and dietary nutrient intake, with and without adjustments for variations in sleep timing (i.e., the midpoint of sleep). We conducted a questionnaire survey, comprising a validated brief self-administered diet history questionnaire (BDHQ) and the Japanese version of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) among 1902 healthy Japanese adults and found that the dietary intakes of several nutrients correlated with sleep duration among men regardless of adjustment for the midpoint of sleep...
February 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196783/symptom-cluster-trajectories-during-chemotherapy-in-breast-cancer-outpatients
#12
Hsin-Tien Hsu, Kuan-Chia Lin, Li-Min Wu, Chiung-Hui Juan, Ming-Feng Hou, Shiow-Li Hwang, Yi Liu, Marylin J Dodd
CONTEXT: Breast cancer patients often experience multiple symptoms and substantial discomfort. Some symptoms may occur simultaneously and throughout the duration of chemotherapy treatment OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate symptom severity and symptom cluster trajectories during chemotherapy in outpatients with breast cancer in Taiwan. METHODS: This prospective, longitudinal, repeated measures study administered a standardized questionnaire (M...
February 11, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181718/segmented-sleep-in-a-nonelectric-small-scale-agricultural-society-in-madagascar
#13
David R Samson, Melissa B Manus, Andrew D Krystal, Efe Fakir, James J Yu, Charles L Nunn
OBJECTIVES: We studied sleep in a rural population in Madagascar to (i) characterize sleep in an equatorial small-scale agricultural population without electricity, (ii) assess whether sleep is linked to noise levels in a dense population, and (iii) examine the effects of experimentally introduced artificial light on sleep timing. METHODS: Using actigraphy, sleep-wake patterns were analyzed for both daytime napping and nighttime wakefulness in 21 participants for a sum total of 292 days...
February 9, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168182/associations-of-caffeinated-beverage-consumption-and-screen-time-with-excessive-daytime-sleepiness-in-korean-high-school-students
#14
Nuri Jun, Aeri Lee, Inkyung Baik
The present study investigated caffeinated beverage consumption and screen time in the association with excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) and sleep duration. We conducted a cross-sectional study including 249 Korean male high school students. These participants responded to a questionnaire inquiring the information on lifestyle factors, consumption of caffeinated beverages, time spent for screen media, and sleep duration as well as to the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) questionnaire. EDS was defined as ESS scores of 9 or greater...
January 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164452/sleep-obesity-relation-underlying-mechanisms-and-consequences-for-treatment
#15
REVIEW
M-P St-Onge
Short sleep duration has been associated with obesity in numerous epidemiological studies. However, such association studies cannot establish evidence of causality. Clinical intervention studies, on the other hand, can provide information on a causal effect of sleep duration on markers of weight gain: energy intake and energy expenditure. Herein is an overview of the science related to the impact of sleep restriction, in the context of clinical intervention studies, on energy intake, energy expenditure and body weight...
February 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162775/association-between-sleep-duration-and-osteoporosis-risk-in-middle-aged-and-elderly-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#16
REVIEW
Sajjad Moradi, Sakineh Shab-Bidar, Shahab Alizadeh, Kurosh Djafarian
OBJECTIVE: Increasing evidence has suggested an association between sleep duration and osteoporosis risk, although the results of previous studies have been inconsistent. To our knowledge, this is the first meta-analysis of the literature and quantitative estimates of the association between sleep duration and risk of osteoporosis in population-based studies of middle aged and elderly women. METHODS: Pertinent studies were identified by searching PubMed and EMBASE databases up to February 2016...
January 26, 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157791/addition-of-liposome-bupivacaine-to-bupivacaine-hcl-versus-bupivacaine-hcl-alone-for-interscalene-brachial-plexus-block-in-patients-having-major-shoulder-surgery
#17
Catherine Vandepitte, Max Kuroda, Richard Witvrouw, Ludwig Anne, Johan Bellemans, Kristoff Corten, Pascal Vanelderen, Dieter Mesotten, Ine Leunen, Micheline Heylen, Sam Van Boxstael, Monika Golebiewski, Marc Van de Velde, Nebojsa Nick Knezevic, Admir Hadzic
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We examined whether liposome bupivacaine (Exparel) given in the interscalene brachial plexus block lowers pain in the setting of multimodal postoperative pain management for major shoulder surgery. METHODS: Fifty-two adult patients were randomized to receive either 5 mL of 0.25% bupivacaine HCl immediately followed by 10 mL of liposome bupivacaine 133 mg (n = 26) or 15 mL of 0.25% standard bupivacaine alone (n = 26) in interscalene brachial plexus block...
February 3, 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153671/insomnia-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease
#18
REVIEW
Sogol Javaheri, Susan Redline
Insomnia is the most prevalent sleep disorder in the United States and is highly comorbid with a number of cardiovascular diseases. In the last decade a number of observational studies have demonstrated an association between insomnia and incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and mortality, including hypertension, coronary heart disease, and heart failure. Despite some inconsistencies in the literature, likely due to variation in how insomnia is defined and measured, the existing data suggest that insomnia, especially when accompanied by short sleep duration, is associated with increased risk for hypertension, coronary heart disease and recurrent acute coronary syndrome, and heart failure...
January 30, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153216/maternal-and-paternal-sleep-during-pregnancy-in-the-child-sleep-birth%C3%A2-cohort
#19
E Juulia Paavonen, Outi Saarenpää-Heikkilä, Pirjo Pölkki, Anneli Kylliäinen, Tarja Porkka-Heiskanen, Tiina Paunio
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Maternal and paternal sleep insufficiency during pregnancy appears to be a risk factor for health and wellbeing in young families. Here, we evaluated the prevalence of sleep insufficiency and symptoms of insomnia during pregnancy (at 32nd pregnancy week) and their relationship to depression, anxiety and environmental stress. METHODS: The study is based on a population based sample from Finland consisting of 1667 mothers and 1498 fathers from the Child-sleep birth cohort...
January 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153212/nocturnal-intermittent-hypoxia-and-short-sleep-duration-are-independently-associated-with-elevated-c-reactive-protein-levels-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#20
Ryoma Fukuoka, Takashi Kohno, Shun Kohsaka, Ryo Yanagisawa, Takashi Kawakami, Kentaro Hayashida, Hideaki Kanazawa, Shinsuke Yuasa, Yuichiro Maekawa, Motoaki Sano, Keiichi Fukuda
BACKGROUND: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) or short sleep duration and coronary artery disease (CAD) are related, yet, the prevalence of SDB and short sleep duration as well as their mechanism remain unknown. Enhanced vascular inflammation is also implicated as one of the pathophysiologic mechanisms in CAD. The aims of this study were to evaluate the prevalence of patients with SDB and short sleep duration, and to examine their relationship with serum C-reactive protein (CRP) level in CAD patients...
January 2017: Sleep Medicine
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