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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346147/differences-in-short-and-long-sleep-durations-between-blacks-and-whites-attributed-to-emotional-distress-analysis-of-the-national-health-interview-survey-in-the-united-states
#1
Azizi A Seixas, Emmanuella Auguste, Mark Butler, Caryl James, Valerie Newsome, Evan Auguste, Vilma Aparecida da Silva Fonseca, Andres Schneeberger, Ferdinand Zizi, Girardin Jean-Louis
OBJECTIVES: The current study examined the role of emotional distress in explaining racial/ethnic differences in unhealthy sleep duration. DESIGN: Data from the 2004-2013 National Health Interview Survey were analyzed using SPSS 20. SETTING: Data were collected through personal household interviews in the United States. PARTICIPANTS: Of the total 261,686 participants (age≥18 years), 17.0% were black, 83.0% were white, and the mean age was 48 years (SE=0...
February 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329353/pre-diagnosis-sleep-duration-napping-and-mortality-among-colorectal-cancer-survivors-in-a-large-us-cohort
#2
Qian Xiao, Hannah Arem, Ruth Pfeiffer, Charles Matthews
Study Objectives: Pre-diagnosis lifestyle factors can influence colorectal cancer (CRC) survival. Sleep deficiency is linked to metabolic dysfunction and chronic inflammation, which may contribute to higher mortality from cardiometabolic conditions and promote tumor progression. We hypothesized that pre-diagnosis sleep deficiency would be associated with poor CRC survival. No previous study has examined either nighttime sleep or daytime napping in relation to survival among men and women diagnosed with CRC...
February 9, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329079/sleep-duration-and-cardiometabolic-risk-among-chinese-school-aged-children-do-adipokines-play-a-mediating-role
#3
Lujiao Li, Junling Fu, Xin Ting Yu, Ge Li, Lu Xu, Jinghua Yin, Hong Cheng, Dongqing Hou, Xiaoyuan Zhao, Shan Gao, Wenhui Li, Changhong Li, Struan F A Grant, Mingyao Li, Yi Xiao, Jie Mi, Ming Li
Objective: To assess the associations between sleep duration and cardiometabolic risk factors in Chinese school-aged children and to explore the possible mediating role of adipokines. Methods: Sleep duration was collected in 3,166 children from the Beijing Child and Adolescent Metabolic Syndrome study. Glucose homeostasis and other cardiometabolic risk factors were assessed. Serum adipokines including leptin, total and high-molecular-weight (HMW) adiponectin, resistin, fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) and retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4) were determined...
March 9, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328065/randomised-controlled-trial-demonstrates-that-fermented-infant-formula-with-short-chain-galacto-oligosaccharides-and-long-chain-fructo-oligosaccharides-reduces-the-incidence-of-infantile-colic
#4
Yvan Vandenplas, Thomas Ludwig, Hetty Bouritius, Philippe Alliet, Derek Forde, Stefaan Peeters, Frederic Huet, Jonathan Hourihane
AIM: We examined the effects on gastrointestinal tolerance of a novel infant formula that combined specific fermented formula (FERM) with short-chain galacto-oligosaccharides and long-chain fructo-oligosaccharides (scGOS/lcFOS), with a 9:1 ratio and concentration of 0.8g/100ml. METHODS: This prospective, double-blind, randomised, controlled trial comprised 432 healthy, term infants aged 0-28 days whose parents decided to not start, or discontinued,, breastfeeding...
March 22, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326793/changes-in-habitual-sleep-duration-after-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#5
Ryo Tachikawa, Takuma Minami, Takeshi Matsumoto, Kimihiko Murase, Kiminobu Tanizawa, Morito Inouchi, Toru Oga, Kazuo Chin
RATIONALE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) can affect not only sleep quality but also sleep duration. Determining the therapeutic effects of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on habitual sleep profiles may shed light on the impact of OSA on sleep duration. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether and how CPAP affects habitual sleep duration in patients with OSA. METHODS: Assessments of sleep duration and sleep quality were performed on 57 newly diagnosed study subjects with OSA (46 men, median 63 years, apnea-hypopnea index >20 h-1) at baseline and 3 months after initiation of CPAP therapy...
March 22, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321455/comorbid-psychopathology-and-everyday-functioning-in-a-brief-intervention-study-to-reduce-khat-use-among-somalis-living-in-kenya-description-of-baseline-multimorbidity-its-effects-of-intervention-and-its-moderation-effects-on-substance-use
#6
Marina Widmann, Bernice Apondi, Abednego Musau, Abdulkadir Hussein Warsame, Maimuna Isse, Victoria Mutiso, Clemens Veltrup, David Ndetei, Michael Odenwald
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Migration and khat use were found to correlate with high rates of psychopathology. In this paper we aimed for assessing baseline multimorbidity and its interactions with a Brief Intervention. METHODS: In the RCT, 330 male Somali khat users were assigned to treatment conditions (khat use is a predominantly male habit). The ASSIST-linked BI for khat users was administered. Using the TLFB Calendar, the PHQ-9, a Somali short version of the PDS and parts from the CIDI, khat use and comorbidity was assessed...
March 20, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314522/increased-photosensitivity-following-short-sleep-in-sleep-deprived-patients
#7
Ayşe Deniz Elmalı, Hatice Kurucu, Özdem Ertürk Çetin, Özlem Çokar, Zeliha Matur, Ayşin Dervent, Gülçin Benbir Şenel, Candan Gürses, Veysi Demirbilek
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to determine the effect of short day-time sleep on photoparoxysmal epileptic activity in sleep-deprived patients. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed video-EEG recordings performed between 2003 and 2015. All recordings following at least four hours of sleep deprivation, including intermittent photic stimulation (IPS) both before and after sleep with any form of epileptiform activity were included. The study group was divided into four subgroups: (1) no photoparoxysmal response (PPR) group, with epileptiform activities other than PPRs; (2) increment group, with PPR duration increased by ≥200% after vs...
March 14, 2017: Neurophysiologie Clinique, Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304302/sleep-deprivation-induced-plasma-amyloid-%C3%AE-transport-disturbance-in-healthy-young-adults
#8
Meng Wei, Beiyu Zhao, Kang Huo, Yongning Deng, Suhang Shang, Jie Liu, Yanbo Li, Louyan Ma, Yu Jiang, Liangjun Dang, Chen Chen, Shan Wei, Juanli Zhang, Hailei Yang, Fan Gao, Qiumin Qu
BACKGROUND: Sleep is an important physiological process and beneficial in the removal of brain metabolites and functional recovery. Prior studies have shown that sleep disorders are significant risk factors for Alzheimer's disease (AD). OBJECTIVE: The present study was designed to characterize the effect of short-term total sleep deprivation (TSD) on plasma amyloid-β (Aβ) concentrations. METHODS: A clinical trial was conducted between March 1, 2016, and April 1, 2016...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301091/shorter-sleep-duration-is-associated-with-social-impairment-and-comorbidities-in-asd
#9
Olivia J Veatch, James S Sutcliffe, Zachary E Warren, Brendan T Keenan, Melissa H Potter, Beth A Malow
Sleep disturbance, particularly insomnia, is common in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Furthermore, disturbed sleep affects core symptoms and other related comorbidities. Understanding the causes and consequences of sleep disturbances in children with ASD is an important step toward mitigating these symptoms. To better understand the connection between sleep duration and ASD severity, we analyzed ASD-related symptoms using the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (ADI-R), Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS), IQ scores, and parent reports of the average amount of time slept per night that were available in the medical histories of 2,714 children with ASD in the Simons Simplex Collection (SSC)...
March 16, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278155/combined-association-of-clinical-and-lifestyle-factors-with-non-restorative-sleep-the-nagahama-study
#10
Takeshi Matsumoto, Yasuharu Tabara, Kimihiko Murase, Yoshimitsu Takahashi, Kazuya Setoh, Takahisa Kawaguchi, Shigeo Muro, Hiroshi Kadotani, Shinji Kosugi, Akihiro Sekine, Ryo Yamada, Takeo Nakayama, Michiaki Mishima, Fumihiko Matsuda, Kazuo Chin
BACKGROUND: Non-restorative sleep (NRS) was suggested to be associated with cardiovascular outcomes. However, causative factors for NRS have not been fully elucidated. This study aimed to clarify factors and their relationships with NRS to better understand the clinical and epidemiological implications of NRS and to develop a score that can objectively evaluate NRS status. METHODS: Study subjects consisted of 9,788 community residents (age 53.6 ± 13.4 y). Subjective NRS as well as possible clinical and lifestyle factors for NRS were investigated by questionnaires...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276852/correlations-between-sleep-patterns-and-cardiovascular-diseases-in-a-chinese-middle-aged-population
#11
Chuangshi Wang, Guang Hao, Jian Bo, Wei Li
Epidemiological and animal studies have suggested an association between habitual sleep patterns and cardiovascular (CV) disease, but the results are still controversial. Therefore, the aims of this study are to investigate the relationships between habitual sleep patterns and CV disease based on Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) China study. PURE China study recruited 46 285 participants, aged 35-70, from 12 provinces and 115 communities in China. Habitual sleep patterns and CV disease were self-reported...
February 16, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272238/association-between-sleep-duration-and-sarcopenia-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Xiaoyi Hu, Jiaojiao Jiang, Haozhong Wang, Lei Zhang, Birong Dong, Ming Yang
Both sleep disorders and sarcopenia are common among older adults. However, little is known about the relationship between these 2 conditions.This study aimed to investigate the possible association between sleep duration and sarcopenia in a population of Chinese community-dwelling older adults.Community-dwelling older adults aged 60 years or older were recruited. Self-reported sleep duration, anthropometric data, gait speed, and handgrip strength were collected by face-to-face interviews. Sarcopenia was defined according to the recommended algorithm of the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia (AWGS)...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264442/the-risk-of-being-obese-according-to-short-sleep-duration-is-modulated-after-menopause-in-korean-women
#13
Miae Doo, Yangha Kim
We previously reported that women with short sleep duration consumed more dietary carbohydrate and showed an increased risk for obesity compared to those who slept adequately, but not for men. Using a cross-sectional study of 17,841 Korean women, we investigated the influence of sleep duration on obesity-related variables and consumption of dietary carbohydrate-rich foods in relation to menopausal status. Premenopausal women with short sleep duration had significantly greater body weight (p = 0.007), body mass index (p = 0...
February 27, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264052/restless-legs-syndrome-augmentation-among-japanese-patients-receiving-pramipexole-therapy-rate-and-risk-factors-in-a-retrospective-study
#14
Masayoshi Takahashi, Shingo Nishida, Masaki Nakamura, Mina Kobayashi, Kentaro Matsui, Eiki Ito, Akira Usui, Yuichi Inoue
To investigate the rate of and risk factors for restless legs syndrome (RLS) augmentation in Japanese patients receiving pramipexole (PPX) treatment. Records of 231 consecutive patients with idiopathic RLS who received PPX therapy for more than one month in a single sleep disorder center were analyzed retrospectively. Augmentation was diagnosed based on the Max Planck Institute criteria; associated factors were identified by logistic regression analysis. Mean age at PPX initiation was 60.6 ± 14.9 years and mean treatment duration was 48...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262602/shortened-sleep-fuels-inflammatory-responses-to-marital-conflict-emotion-regulation-matters
#15
Stephanie J Wilson, Lisa M Jaremka, Christopher P Fagundes, Rebecca Andridge, Juan Peng, William B Malarkey, Diane Habash, Martha A Belury, Janice K Kiecolt-Glaser
Sleep problems can boost inflammation and may jeopardize interpersonal functioning, risks that may be magnified in couples. This observational study examined the effects of self-reported recent sleep duration on couples' inflammation, inflammatory responses to a problem discussion, interpersonal behavior, and use of emotion regulation strategies (emotion expression, cognitive reappraisal) during conflict. People who slept less had higher stimulated interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) production after the marital problem discussion than those who slept more...
February 16, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261557/behavioral-factors-related-to-sleep-quality-and-duration-in-adults
#16
Joohee Shim, Seung Wan Kang
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to measure the sleep quality and duration in healthy adults and to identify any influencing factors. METHODS: This study was a descriptive research investigation that evaluated 240 healthy adults at least 19 years of age. The data were assessed using the following self-administered questionnaires: the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), the Beck Depression Inventory, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-Korean YZ, and the Fatigue Severity Scale...
January 2017: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253230/short-sleep-duration-by-occupation-group-29-states-2013-2014
#17
Taylor M Shockey, Anne G Wheaton
The American Academy of Sleep Medicine and the Sleep Research Society have determined that adults require ≥7 hours of sleep per day to promote optimal health (1). Short sleep duration (<7 hours per day) has been linked to adverse health outcomes including cardiovascular disease, obesity, diabetes, depression, and anxiety, as well as safety issues related to drowsy driving and injuries (1,2). Additional research has found that sleep duration varies by characteristics such as race, education, marital status, obesity, and cigarette smoking (3)...
March 3, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253221/objective-short-sleep-duration-modifies-the-relationship-between-hypertension-and-all-cause-mortality
#18
Julio Fernandez-Mendoza, Fan He, Alexandros N Vgontzas, Duanping Liao, Edward O Bixler
OBJECTIVE: Short sleep duration has been associated with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. However, previous studies were limited by using subjective sleep measures and treating sleep duration as a sole, independent predictor. Therefore, the role of sleep duration in predicting mortality is still not well understood. We posit that objective sleep duration is an effect modifier of the relationship between hypertension and all-cause mortality. METHODS: We addressed this question in the Penn State Adult Cohort, a random, general population sample of 1741 men and women (48...
April 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251223/prevalence-of-sleep-duration-among-saudi-adults
#19
Anwar E Ahmed, Fares Al-Jahdali, Abdulaziz AlALwan, Faisal Abuabat, Salih A Bin Salih, Abdullah Al-Harbi, Salim Baharoon, Mohammad Khan, Yosra Z Ali, Hamdan Al-Jahdali
To examine the associations between sleep duration and a variety of demographic and clinical variables in a sample of Saudi adults.  Methods: A cross-sectional study among 2,095 participants was conducted at King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, between May and October 2014. A questionnaire was administered to collect data related to clinical health outcomes and demographic characteristics. Participants were asked to report their average sleep duration per night in hours.  Results: One-third (33...
March 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243156/an-investigation-of-the-longitudinal-relationship-between-sleep-and-depressed-mood-in-developing-teens
#20
Nicole Lovato, Michelle A Short, Gorica Micic, Rachel M Hiller, Michael Gradisar
OBJECTIVE: The prospective, bidirectional relationship between sleep disturbance and depressed mood was assessed in a school-based sample of adolescents. METHOD: One hundred and thirty-eight Australian adolescents (mean age time 1 =15.69, standard deviation =0.92; 64% male) completed questionnaires to assess sleep parameters and depressed mood, on two occasions over 1 year. RESULTS: Cross-sectional associations were observed between depressed mood and sleep duration, as well as wakefulness in bed...
2017: Nature and Science of Sleep
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