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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868206/impact-of-short-sleep-on-metabolic-variables-in-obese-children-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#1
Bharat Bhushan, Bushra Ayub, Dana M Thompson, Fizan Abdullah, Kathleen R Billings
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To analyze the association between sleep duration, metabolic variables, and insulin resistance in obese children with and without obstructive sleep apnea. The decline in sleep duration has paralleled a dramatic increase in the prevalence of obesity and diabetes, suggesting a mechanistic relationship. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective, case series. METHODS: Consecutive obese patients 3 to 12 years of age who underwent polysomnography (PSG) and a metabolic panel and who completed a 14-item sleep questionnaire were analyzed...
November 21, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857185/changes-in-sleep-duration-and-risk-of-metabolic-syndrome-the-kailuan-prospective-study
#2
Qiaofeng Song, Xiaoxue Liu, Wenhua Zhou, Xizhu Wang, Shouling Wu
Using a large longitudinal data set spanning 4 years, we examined whether a change in self-reported sleep duration is associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS). Current analysis included 15,753 participants who were free of MetS during both 2006-2007 and 2010-2011. Sleep duration was categorized into seven groups: ≤5.5 h, 6.0-6.5 h, 7.0 h, 7.5-8.0 h, ≥8.5 h, decrease ≥2 h, and increase ≥2 h. Cox proportional hazards models were used to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) and their confidence intervals (CI) for MetS, according to sleep duration...
November 18, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855754/sleep-quality-and-nocturnal-sleep-duration-in-pregnancy-and-risk-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#3
Shirong Cai, Sara Tan, Peter D Gluckman, Keith M Godfrey, Seang-Mei Saw, Oon Hoe Teoh, Yap-Seng Chong, Michael J Meaney, Michael S Kramer, Joshua J Gooley
OBJECTIVE: To examine the influence of maternal sleep quality and nocturnal sleep duration on risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in a multi-ethnic Asian population. METHODS: 686 women (376 Chinese, 186 Malay and 124 Indian) with a singleton pregnancy attended a clinic visit at 26-28 weeks of gestation as part of the Growing Up in Singapore Towards healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) mother-offspring cohort study. Self-reported sleep quality and sleep duration were assessed using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI)...
November 14, 2016: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852301/sleep-quality-in-chinese-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-contributing-factors-and-effects-on-health-related-quality-of-life
#4
Genkai Guo, Ting Fu, Rulan Yin, Lijuan Zhang, Qiuxiang Zhang, Yunfei Xia, Liren Li, Zhifeng Gu
BACKGROUND: Poor sleep quality is common in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and may lead to disease aggravation and decreased health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The increasing prevalence of poor sleep in RA patients is associated with adverse demographic, clinical, and psychological characteristics. However, there are currently no known reported studies related to the effects of sleep quality on HRQoL in RA patients from China. This cross-sectional study aims to evaluate the contributors of poor sleep and the effects of sleep quality on HRQoL in Chinese RA patients...
November 16, 2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832984/respiratory-symptoms-sleep-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-advanced-lung-cancer
#5
Vivian Weiqun Lou, Elaine Jieling Chen, Hong Jian, Zhan Zhou, Jingfen Zhu, Guohong Li, Yaping He
OBJECTIVES: The study was designed to examine the relationships between respiratory symptoms, sleep disturbance, and quality of life among patients with advanced lung cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 128 patients with advanced lung cancer (from chest oncology inpatient-units in Shanghai, China) participated in the study. They completed two questionnaires: the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy - Lung (FACT-L), and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI)...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828862/short-term-changes-in-sleep-duration-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-kailuan-prospective-study
#6
Qiaofeng Song, Xiaoxue Liu, Wenhua Zhou, Xizhu Wang, Shouling Wu
Evidence suggests short or long sleep duration is associated with a higher risk of diabetes. Using a large longitudinal data set spanning 2 years, we examined whether a change in sleep duration is associated with diabetes.Current analysis included 56,588 participants who were free of diabetes during both 2006-2007 (exam1) and 2008-2009 (exam2). Sleep duration was categorized into 7 groups: ≤5.5 hours, 6.0 to 6.5 hours, 7.0 hours, 7.5 to 8.0 hours, ≥8.5 hours, decrease ≥2 hours, and increase ≥2 hours...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743803/short-sleep-duration-and-health-outcomes-a-systematic-review-meta-analysis-and-meta-regression
#7
Osamu Itani, Maki Jike, Norio Watanabe, Yoshitaka Kaneita
OBJECTIVE: The dose-response of short sleep duration in mortality has been studied, in addition to the incidences of notable health complications and diseases such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, stroke, coronary heart diseases, obesity, depression, and dyslipidemia. METHODS: We collected data from prospective cohort studies with follow-ups of one year or more on associations between short sleep duration and the outcomes. For the independent variable, we divided participants at baseline into short sleepers and normal sleepers...
August 26, 2016: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707437/association-between-sleep-duration-and-self-reported-health-status-findings-from-the-bhutan-s-gross-national-happiness-study
#8
Gyambo Sithey, Li Ming Wen, Patrick Kelly, Mu Li
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Short and long sleep durations have been found to be associated with chronic conditions like diabetes mellitus, hypertension and cardiovascular disease. However, most studies were conducted in developed countries and the results were inconsistent. The aim of this study is to investigate the association between sleep duration and self-reported health status in a developing country setting. METHODS: We conducted secondary data analysis of the 2010 Gross National Happiness study of Bhutan, which was a nationwide cross sectional study with representative samples from rural and urban areas...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679974/long-sleep-duration-independent-of-frailty-and-chronic-inflammation-was-associated-with-higher-mortality-a-national-population-based-study
#9
Wei-Ju Lee, Li-Ning Peng, Chih-Kuang Liang, Shu-Ti Chiou, Liang-Kung Chen
AIM: There is a complex interrelationship between long sleep duration, frailty, chronic inflammation and mortality among the community-dwelling middle-aged and elderly population, which remains unclear and deserves to be investigated. The current study intended to explore these associations by using a prospective population-based cohort study. METHODS: A total of 937 community-dwelling middle-aged and elderly people were enrolled. Sleep patterns of the study participants were categorized as short (<6 h), average or long (≥8 h)...
September 29, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679462/sleep-habits-and-susceptibility-to-upper-respiratory-illness-the-moderating-role-of-subjective-socioeconomic-status
#10
Aric A Prather, Denise Janicki-Deverts, Nancy E Adler, Martica Hall, Sheldon Cohen
BACKGROUND: Sleep is a predictor of infectious illness that may depend on one's socioeconomic status (SES). PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the moderating effects of objective and subjective SES on sleep-clinical cold risk link and test whether nasal inflammation serves as a plausible biological pathway. METHODS: This study combined data (n = 732) from three viral challenge studies. Measures of self-reported sleep and objective and subjective measures of SES were obtained...
September 27, 2016: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669980/lack-of-sleep-as-a-contributor-to-obesity-in-adolescents-impacts-on-eating-and-activity-behaviors
#11
Jean-Philippe Chaput, Caroline Dutil
BACKGROUND: Sleep is an important contributor to physical and mental health; however, chronic sleep deprivation has become common in adolescents, especially on weekdays. Adolescents aged 14-17 years are recommended to sleep between 8 and 10 h per night to maximize overall health and well-being. Although sleep needs may vary between individuals, sleep duration recommendations are important for surveillance and help inform policies, interventions, and the population of healthy sleep behaviors...
September 26, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665439/the-association-between-sleep-duration-snoring-and-prevalent-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-with-regard-to-gender-and-menopausal-status-the-ckb-study-in-zhejiang-rural-area-china
#12
Hai-Bin Wu, Hao Wang, Ru-Ying Hu, Jie-Ming Zhong, Yi-Jian Qian, Chun-Mei Wang, Kai-Xu Xie, Ling-Li Chen, Wei-Wei Gong, Yu Guo, Zheng Bian, Zheng-Ming Chen, Li-Ming Li, Min Yu
AIMS: To evaluate the association between sleep duration, snoring and diabetes according to gender and menopausal status in rural China. METHODS: The data were part of the baseline survey of China Kadoorie Biobank, from a rural county in the south-east costal Zhejiang province. Participants including 24,027 men and 33,677 women aged 30-79 years were enrolled during 2004-2008. Multivariable logistic regression was used to calculate adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95 % confidence intervals (CIs) for diabetes...
September 24, 2016: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660995/do-sleep-disturbances-predict-or-moderate-the-response-to-psychotherapy-in-bipolar-disorder
#13
Louisa G Sylvia, Stephanie Salcedo, Amy T Peters, Pedro Vieira da Silva Magalhães, Ellen Frank, David J Miklowitz, Michael W Otto, Michael Berk, Andrew A Nierenberg, Thilo Deckersbach
This study examined whether sleep disturbance predicted or moderated responses to psychotherapy in participants who participated in STEP-BD, a national, multisite study that examined the effectiveness of different treatment combinations for bipolar disorder. Participants received either a brief psychosocial intervention called collaborative care (CC; n = 130) or intensive psychotherapy (IP; n = 163), with study-based pharmacotherapy. Participants (N = 243) were defined as current (past week) short sleepers (<6 hours/night), normal sleepers (6...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648782/insomnia-and-obesity
#14
Tatjana Crönlein
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Accumulating data suggest that short sleep plays a role in the development of obesity in general population. Insomnia disorder is characterized by short sleep and may persist for years. The question whether these patients have a higher risk of obesity is of socioeconomic as well as therapeutic interest. RECENT FINDINGS: Numerous recently published cross-sectional and longitudinal studies show positive as well as negative associations between short sleep and overweight...
November 2016: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637422/outcome-and-performance-of-bioprosthetic-pulmonary-valve-replacement-in-patients-with-congenital-heart-disease
#15
Rio Nomoto, Lynn A Sleeper, Michele J Borisuk, Lisa Bergerson, Frank A Pigula, Sitaram Emani, Francis Fynn-Thompson, John E Mayer, Pedro J Del Nido, Christopher W Baird
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this single-center series was to assess differences in reintervention by the type of valve used for surgical bioprosthetic pulmonary valve replacement and to identify independent predictors of reintervention. METHODS: Data were retrospectively collected for 611 patients undergoing pulmonary valve replacement from 1996 to 2014. Kaplan-Meier estimation and Cox proportional hazards regression methodologies were used. RESULTS: The median age of patients was 17...
November 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629985/the-relationship-between-sleep-patterns-quality-of-life-and-social-and-clinical-characteristics-in-chinese-patients-with-schizophrenia
#16
Cai-Lan Hou, Yu Zang, Xin-Rong Ma, Mei-Ying Cai, Yan Li, Fu-Jun Jia, Yong-Qiang Lin, Helen F K Chiu, Gabor S Ungvari, Chee H Ng, Bao-Liang Zhong, Xiao-Lan Cao, Man-Ian Tam, Yu-Tao Xiang
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to determine the pattern of sleep behavior in schizophrenia patients treated in primary care. DESIGN AND METHODS: Altogether 623 schizophrenia patients in 22 primary care services were recruited. Sleep duration and demographic and clinical characteristics were recorded. FINDINGS: The mean expected total sleep time was 8.8 hr (SD 1.8) and the mean actual total sleep time was 8.2 hr (SD 2.1). The frequency of short, medium, and long sleepers was 18...
September 14, 2016: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624504/glucose-fluctuations-reduce-quality-of-sleep-and-of-life-in-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis
#17
Masafumi Haraguchi, Hisamitsu Miyaaki, Tatsuki Ichikawa, Hidetaka Shibata, Takuya Honda, Eisuke Ozawa, Satoshi Miuma, Naota Taura, Fuminao Takeshima, Kazuhiko Nakao
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbance and decreased health-related quality of life (HRQOL) are significant complaints in patients with liver cirrhosis. Although the etiology of these complications is unclear, we propose that glucose intolerance may be a predisposing factor. Therefore, our aim was to investigate the relationship between glucose intolerance and these complications. METHODS: We assessed continuous glucose monitoring in 43 patients with chronic liver disease...
September 13, 2016: Hepatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611440/sleep-duration-and-cancer-in-the-nih-aarp-diet-and-health-study-cohort
#18
Fangyi Gu, Qian Xiao, Lisa W Chu, Kai Yu, Charles E Matthews, Ann W Hsing, Neil E Caporaso
BACKGROUND: Very few studies have examined sleep duration in relation to cancer incidence with the exception of breast cancer. METHODS: We assessed the associations between sleep duration and incidences of total and 18 site-specific cancers in the NIH-AARP Health and Diet Study cohort, with 173,327 men and 123,858 women aged 51-72 years at baseline. Self-reported sleep duration categories were assessed via questionnaire. We used multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression to estimate hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI), using 7-8 hours/night as the reference...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570468/subjective-sleep-complaints-indicate-objective-sleep-problems-in-psychosomatic-patients-a-prospective-polysomnographic-study
#19
Michael Linden, Marie Dietz, Christian Veauthier, Ingo Fietze
OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the relationship between subjective complaints and polysomnographical parameters in psychosomatic patients. METHOD: A convenience sample of patients from a psychosomatic inpatient unit were classified according to the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) as very poor sleepers (PSQI >10, n=80) and good sleepers (PSQI <6, n=19). They then underwent a polysomnography and in the morning rated their previous night's sleep using a published protocol (Deutschen Gesellschaft für Schlafforschung und Schlafmedizin morning protocol [MP])...
2016: Nature and Science of Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27544829/comparing-and-contrasting-therapeutic-effects-of-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-older-adults-suffering-from-insomnia-with-short-and-long-objective-sleep-duration
#20
Nicole Lovato, Leon Lack, David J Kennaway
STUDY OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the efficacy of a brief group-based program of cognitive-behavior therapy for insomnia (CBTi) for older adults suffering from chronic insomnia with short objective sleep relative to those with long sleep duration. METHOD: Ninety-one adults (male = 43, mean age = 63.34, standard deviation (SD) = 6.41) with sleep maintenance insomnia were selected from a community-based sample. The participants were classified as short sleepers (SS; <6 h total sleep time) or long sleepers (LS; ≥6 h total sleep time) based on one night of home-based polysomnography...
June 2016: Sleep Medicine
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