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water sealed drainage

Claudia Giselle Santos Arêas, Geraldo Roger Normando Júnior, Orlando Sandoval Farias Júnior, Irna Carla DO Rosário Souza Carneiro
OBJECTIVE: to define the profile and analyze the postoperative evolution of children with parapneumonic pleural effusion (PPE), and to evaluate strategies used in the presence of diagnostic and therapeutic limitations, emphasizing the open thoracic drainage (OTD) . METHODS: we conducted a cross-sectional, prospective, analytical study in which we followed children admitted in an Amazon university hospital with surgically addressed PPE, from October 2010 to October 2011...
December 2016: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
Maryanne Z Mariyaselvam, Lucy L Marsh, Sarah Bamford, Ann Smith, Matt P Wise, David W Williams
BACKGROUND: Aspiration of subglottic secretions past the endotracheal tube (ETT) cuff is a prerequisite for developing ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). Subglottic secretion drainage (SSD) ETTs reduce aspiration of subglottic secretions and have demonstrated lower VAP rates. We compared the performance of seven SSD ETTs against a non-SSD ETT in preventing aspiration below inflated cuffs. METHODS: ETTs were positioned vertically in 2 cm diameter cylinders. Four ml of a standard microbial suspension was added above inflated cuffs...
March 4, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
Md Zahanggir Alam, A H M Faisal Anwar, Dipok Chandra Sarker, Anna Heitz, Craig Rothleitner
The accumulation of wash-off solid waste, termed gross pollutants (GPs), in drainage systems has become a major constraint for best management practices (BMPs) of stormwater. GPs should be captured at source before the material clogs the drainage network, seals the infiltration capacity of side entry pits or affects the aquatic life in receiving waters. BMPs intended to reduce stormwater pollutants include oil and grit separators, grassed swales, vegetated filter strips, retention ponds, and catch basin inserts (CBIs) are used to remove GP at the source and have no extra land use requirement because they are typically mounted within a catch basin (e...
May 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Susumu Shibasaki, Shigenori Homma, Tadashi Yoshida, Hideki Kawamura, Norihiko Takahashi, Akinobu Taketomi
At our institute, a non-suturing method for closure of the umbilical epidermis has been used in laparoscopic colorectal resection to prevent umbilical wound infection. We performed a retrospective evaluation of the incidence of umbilical wound infection using this technique for patients with colorectal cancer. From 2010 to 2014, 178 consecutive patients underwent elective laparoscopic resection of colorectal cancer. The umbilical fascia was closed using interrupted multifilament absorbable sutures. The skin surface of the umbilicus was compressed using a cotton ball and sealed by water vapor-permeable film...
June 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
Daniel L Miller, Gerald A Helms, William R Mayfield
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of a digital versus traditional drainage system on hospitalization for patients undergoing video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) anatomic lung resection. METHODS: Consecutive patients who underwent VATS anatomic lung resection (July 2014 through January 2015) for lung cancer were analyzed. Patients were managed with overnight suction (-20 cm H2O) followed by gravity drainage (water seal or -8 cm H2O) in both the traditional and digital drainage systems, respectively; the digital system also allowed for continuous monitoring of air leaks...
September 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Yasunobu Funakoshi, Kenichi Ohmori, Shinichi Takeda
Severe subcutaneous emphysema sometimes develops after pulmonary resection. We report our management of ten patients who were treated with subcutaneous Penrose drainage. Water seal test at chest closure showed no air leakage in 5, and a small amount in 5. Chest X-ray at the progression of massive subcutaneous emphysema showed no obvious pneumothorax in 2, and slight apical pneumothorax in 8. Subcutaneous emphysema developed after removal of chest tubes in 6, and before removal in 4. Subcutaneous drains were inserted at the midclavicular line or the side chest in 8, and both in 2...
May 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
Serdar Evman, Levent Alpay, Serda Metin, Hakan Kıral, Mine Demir, Murat Yalçinsoy, Volkan Baysungur, Irfan Yalçinkaya
INTRODUCTION: Prolonged air leak in secondary spontaneous pneumothorax (SSP) patients remains one of the biggest challenges for thoracic surgeons. This study investigates the feasibility, effectiveness, clinical outcomes, and economical benefits of the autologous blood patch pleurodesis method in SSP. MATERIAL AND METHODS: First-episode SSP patients undergoing autologous blood patch pleurodesis for resistant air leak following underwater-seal thoracostomy, between January 2010 and June 2013 were taken into the study...
March 2016: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
Yukitoshi Satoh
Since chest tubes have been routinely used to drain the pleural space, particularly after lung surgery, the management of chest tubes is considered to be essential for the thoracic surgeon. The pleural drainage system requires effective drainage, suction, and water-sealing. Another key point of chest tube management is that a water seal is considered to be superior to suction for most air leaks. Nowadays, the most common pleural drainage device attached to the chest tube is the three-bottle system. An electronic chest drainage system has been developed that is effective in standardizing the postoperative management of chest tubes...
June 2016: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Daniel G French, Michael Dilena, Simon LaPlante, Farid Shamji, Sudhir Sundaresan, James Villeneuve, Andrew Seely, Donna Maziak, Sebastien Gilbert
Postoperative clinical pathways have been shown to improve postoperative care and decrease length of stay in hospital. In thoracic surgery there is a need to develop chest tube management pathways. This paper considers four aspects of chest tube management: (I) appraising the role of chest X-rays in the management of lung resection patients with chest drains; (II) selecting of a fluid output threshold below which chest tubes can be removed safely; (III) deciding whether suction should be applied to chest tubes; (IV) and selecting the safest method for chest tube removal...
February 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Wilson J Heriot
PURPOSE: To develop an animal model to test the hypothesis that immediate adhesion of the retina to the choroid (retinopexy) can be created by elimination of the water separating the retina from the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) prior to photocoagulation. The retina and RPE are hydrophobic lipoprotein structures separated intraoperatively by a thin layer of fluid despite surgical drainage. If the RPE and retina are contacting, heating should create a unified local coagulum and achieve instantaneous fusing of the retina and RPE, thus sealing the subretinal space around the retinal tear...
April 2016: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Elichilia R Shao, Pantaleo M Joseph, Piet Slootweg, Elifuraha W Mkwizu, Kajiru G Kilonzo, Amos O Mwasamwaja
Spontaneous oesophageal rupture after swallowing a bolus of food is a very rare condition. In resource-limited settings, it is very challenging to diagnose this condition especially when its presentation is atypical. Its prognosis is very poor when diagnosis is delayed due to risk of mediastinitis. We report a case of 37-year-old man who was admitted to our hospital complaining of sudden onset of chest tightness and pain after a meal 8 h prior to admission. Urgent chest radiograph revealed right hydropneumothorax with collapsed lung...
August 2015: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Sebastien Gilbert, Anna L McGuire, Sonam Maghera, Sudhir R Sundaresan, Andrew J Seely, Donna E Maziak, Farid M Shamji, P James Villeneuve
OBJECTIVE: An unclear aspect of digital pleural drainage technology is whether it can benefit all lung resection patients or only those who have a postoperative air leak. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of digital pleural drainage on time to chest tube removal and length of hospitalization, taking into consideration postoperative air leak status. METHODS: A single-center, randomized, controlled, open-label, parallel-group trial was conducted. On postoperative day 1, stratification according to air leak status was performed by 2 independent, blinded observers...
November 2015: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Ankit Bharat, Nicole Graf, Andrew Mullen, Jacob Kanter, Adin-Cristian Andrei, Peter H S Sporn, Malcolm M DeCamp, Jacob I Sznajder
BACKGROUND: Persistent air leak (PAL) > 5 days due to alveolopleural fistulae is a leading cause of morbidity following surgical resection. Elevated CO2 levels reportedly inhibit alveolar epithelial cell proliferation and impair wound healing in vitro. Because the injured lung surface is in direct communication with the pleural cavity, we investigated whether the pleural gaseous milieu affected lung healing. METHODS: Oxygen and CO2 levels in pleural gas were determined prospectively in consecutive patients (N = 116) undergoing lung resection by using an infrared spectroscopy-based analyzer...
January 2016: Chest
Maria Gabriela Cavicchia Toneloto, Marcos Mello Moreira, Joaquim Murray Bustorff-Silva, Gabriel Franco de Souza, Luiz Claudio Martins, Desanka Dragosavac, Antonio Luis Eiras Falcão
PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy of an adjustable inspiratory occlusion valve in experimental bronchopleural fistula during mechanical ventilation. METHODS: We studied six mechanically ventilated pigs in a surgically created, reproducible model of bronchopleural fistula managed with mechanical ventilation and water-sealed thoracic drainage. An adjustable inspiratory occlusion valve was placed between the thoracic drain and the endotracheal tube. Hemodynamic data, capnography and blood gases were recorded before and after the creation of the bronchopleural fistula as well as after every adjustment of the inspiratory occlusion valve...
August 2015: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
Liaqat Ali Chaudhry, Ahmed A Ba Mousa, Marwan Zamzami, Asirvatham Alwin Robert
Empyema thoracis necessitans is a rare clinical finding nowadays. We report 55 years old Saudi male with past history of road traffic accident, poly trauma, chest surgery and paraplegia admitted for rehabilitation in Sultan Bin Abduaziz Humanitarian City (SBAHC), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia and diagnosed with empyema thoracis necessitans due to Staphylococcus aureus, treated initially with traditional thoracostomy under water seal intercostal intubation and antibiotics but subsequently required decortication.
2015: Pan African Medical Journal
Apostolos Gogakos, Nikolaos Barbetakis, George Lazaridis, Antonis Papaiwannou, Anastasia Karavergou, Sofia Lampaki, Sofia Baka, Ioannis Mpoukovinas, Vasilis Karavasilis, Ioannis Kioumis, Georgia Pitsiou, Nikolaos Katsikogiannis, Kosmas Tsakiridis, Aggeliki Rapti, Georgia Trakada, Athanasios Zissimopoulos, Katerina Tsirgogianni, Konstantinos Zarogoulidis, Paul Zarogoulidis
The Heimlich valve is a small one-way valve used for chest drainage that empties into a flexible collection device and prevents return of gases or fluids into the pleural space. The Heimlich valve is less than 13 cm (5 inches) long and facilitates patient ambulation. Currently there are several systems in the market. It can be used in many patients instead of a traditional water seal drainage system. The Heimlich chest drainage valve was developed so that the process of draining the pleural cavity could be accomplished in a safe, relatively simple, and efficient manner...
March 2015: Annals of Translational Medicine
Douglas Guimaraes de Oliveira, Maria Gabriela Cavicchia Toneloto, Marcos Mello Moreira, Joaquim Murray Bustorff-Silva, Gabriel Franco de Souza, Luiz Claudio Martins, Carolina Kosour, Desanka Dragosavac, Antonio Luis Eiras Falcão
PURPOSE: To investigate the hemodynamic and ventilatory changes associated with the creation of an experimental bronchopleural fistula (BPF) treated by mechanical ventilation and thoracic drainage with or without a water seal. METHODS: Six large white pigs weighing 25 kg each which, after general anesthesia, underwent endotracheal intubation (6mm), and mechanically ventilation. Through a left thoracotomy, a resection of the lingula was performed in order to create a BPF with an output exceeding 50% of the inspired volume...
January 2015: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
Marike Lijkendijk, Peter B Licht, Kirsten Neckelmann
OBJECTIVES: Electronic drainage systems have shown superiority compared with traditional (water seal) drainage systems following lung resections, but the number of studies is limited. As part of a medico-technical evaluation, before change of practice to electronic drainage systems for routine thoracic surgery, we conducted a randomized controlled trial (RCT) investigating chest tube duration and length of hospitalization. METHODS: Patients undergoing lobectomy were included in a prospective open label RCT...
December 2015: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Alain Chichom Mefire, Marcus Fokou, Louis Din Dika
INTRODUCTION: Tube thoracostomy (TT) is widely used to resolve a number of pleural conditions. Few data are available on the complications of TT performed for non-traumatic conditions, especially in low income setting. The aim of this study is to analyse the indications and complications of TT performed for both traumatic and non-traumatic conditions of the chest in a low-income environment. METHODS: This retrospective study conducted over a four years period in a the Regional Hospital, Limbe in South-West Cameroon analyses the rate and nature of complications after TT performed for both traumatic and non-traumatic conditions...
2014: Pan African Medical Journal
Patrick Zardo, Henning Busk, Ingo Kutschka
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Chest tube protocols are still largely dictated by personal preferences and experience. A general lack of published evidence encourages individual decision-making and hinders the development of clear-cut guidelines. The aim of this review is to establish standardized procedures with recommendations for size and number of inserted tubes, ideal suction levels and duration of thoracostomy. RECENT FINDINGS: Novel digital drainage systems markedly reduce interobserver variability in air leak assessment and may thus shorten chest tube duration and overall hospital stay...
February 2015: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
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