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hydropneumothorax

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588684/successful-treatment-of-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-with-hydropneumothorax-using-corticosteroids-and-immunosuppressant
#1
Xu-Hua Shi, Yong-Feng Zhang, Yue-Wu Lu
Pneumothorax and pleural effusion is a rare and serious complication of granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA). The present study reported a case with a history of sinusitis for 20 years, dry cough for three years and exacerbated purulent nasal discharge and recurrent skin ulcers for two years. The patient experienced sudden difficulty in breathing two months prior to presentation. Lung computed tomography (CT) showed multiple bilateral lung nodules and cavitary nodules as well as right hydropneumothorax. Paranasal sinus CT showed soft tissue infiltration...
June 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436364/upper-pole-urologist-obtained-percutaneous-renal-access-for-pcnl-is-safe-and-efficacious
#2
Amar P Patel, Don Bui, John Pattaras, Kenneth Ogan
INTRODUCTION: Interventional radiologist may be hesitant to obtain upper pole access for percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) due to a higher complication rate. Renal access gained by urologists may achieve higher stone-free rates with similar complication rates. We evaluate our institution's contemporary results of percutaneous renal access in the upper pole for nephrolithotomy by urologists, which we believe both safe and efficacious. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective chart review included all PCNL's performed by fellowship-trained endourologists from 2003 to 2014 at a single institution...
April 2017: Canadian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336238/hydropneumothorax-due-to-esophageal-rupture
#3
Joseph R Shiber, Emily Fontane, Jin H Ra, Andrew J Kerwin
BACKGROUND: A brief review of the historical aspects of esophageal rupture is presented along with a case and current recommendations for diagnostic evaluation and treatment. CASE REPORT: A 97-year-old woman complained of acute dyspnea without prior vomiting. Chest x-ray study showed a large right pneumothorax with associated effusion. A thoracostomy tube was placed with return of > 1 L turbid fluid with polymicrobial culture and elevated pleural fluid amylase level...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168956/unusual-complication-of-a-lung-hydatid-cyst-pneumomediastinum-hydropneumothorax-and-massive-soft-tissue-emphysema
#4
Gökhan Polat, Hayri Ogul, Fatih Ergun, Mecit Kantarci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 3, 2017: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144070/perpetual-dilemma-pleural-or-parenchymal-congenital-or-acquired-solitary-cystic-lesion-with-fluid-level
#5
Deepak Talwar, Onkar Jha, Rahul Kumar Sharma, Rajat Saxena
Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformations (CCAMs) are rare congenital, nonhereditary developmental anomalies of the lung with unknown etiology. CCAM is predominantly a disorder of infancy with the majority of the cases being diagnosed within the first 2 years of life. When CCAM presents in adults, it represents a diagnostic dilemma and requires careful evaluation. We here report a case of large solitary congenital pulmonary cystic adenomatoid malformation with infection and hemorrhage, which was diagnosed as encysted hydropneumothorax on computerized tomography scans but turned out to be infected pulmonary cystic adenomatoid malformation after surgical excision...
January 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881590/pyopneumothorax-secondary-to-streptococcus-milleri-infection
#6
Mohd Jazman Che Rahim, Nurashikin Mohammad, Wan Syamimee Wan Ghazali
We report a case of a 46-year-old Malay woman with underlying hypothyroidism post thyroidectomy who presented with worsening breathlessness, orthopnoea, productive cough and left-sided pleuritic chest pain of 3 days duration. Chest X-ray on admission showed left-sided massive hydropneumothorax. Pleural tapping revealed empyema. A chest tube was inserted immediately. The culture of pleural fluid grew Streptococcus constellatus The patient was treated with antibiotics for a total of 6 weeks and underwent open thoracotomy and decortication during admission...
November 23, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780515/kirschner-wire-migration-from-subcapital-humeral-fracture-site-causing-hydropneumothorax
#7
Balaji Zacharia, Kishor Puthezhath, Ibin Varghees
Migration of wires or pins around the shoulder is a known complication, though their migration within the chest is uncommon. We report an unusual case of hydropneumothorax due to migration of a bent Kirschner wire from the right proximal humerus in a 63 year-old man. We reviewed his clinical history, physical examination, imaging findings, surgical method and outcome. We also reviewed the literature on orthopaedic wire migration and latest technique in removal of the wires. Chest radiographs and chest computerized tomography are useful in detection and diagnosis of this disorder...
October 1, 2016: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625449/hemorrhagic-sarcoid-pleural-effusion-a-rare-entity
#8
Onkar Jha, Vidya Nair, Deepak Talwar
Involvement of pleura by sarcoidosis remains a rare manifestation and varies from pleural effusion, pneumothorax, pleural thickening, hydropneumothorax, trapped lung, hemothorax, or chylothorax. Sarcoid pleural effusions presenting as hemorrhagic effusions are even more rare. We report a case of active pulmonary sarcoidosis presenting as hemorrhagic pleural effusion requiring tissue diagnosis to rule out malignancy. The rarity of the presentation prompted us to report this case.
September 2016: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556194/sonographic-findings-of-hydropneumothorax
#9
Joel Anthony Nations, Patrick Smith, Scott Parrish, Robert Browning
Ultrasound is increasingly being used in examination of the thorax. The sonographic features of normal aerated lung, abnormal lung, pneumothorax, and intrapleural fluid have been published. The sonographic features of uncommon intrathoracic syndromes are less known. Hydropneumothorax is an uncommon process in which the thoracic cavity contains both intrapleural air and water. Few published examples of the sonographic findings in hydropneumothorax exist. We present 3 illustrative cases of the sonographic features of hydropneumothorax with comparative imaging and a literature review of the topic...
September 2016: Ultrasound Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27550883/chemotherapy-induced-spontaneous-pneumothorax-case-series
#10
Een Hendarsih, Trinugroho H Fadjari, Amaylia Oehadian
We present 2 patients who developed spontaneous pneumothorax (SP) following rapid regression of lymphoma and rhabdomyosarcoma with lung metastases. Case 1, a 43-year old man was admitted to our hospital with dyspnea 10 days before admission. He denied any recent trauma or previous treatment for lung tuberculosis. Three weeks prior to admission, he received first cycle of CHOP for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma stage II BE. Chest X-ray consistent with right pneumothorax. After treatment with chest tube drainage for about 1 month, the patient recovered and chemotherapy could be continued without further complications...
April 2016: Acta Medica Indonesiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516883/two-cases-of-paragonimiasis-westermani-diagnosed-after-eosinophilic-pleural-effusion-induced-hydropneumothorax
#11
Daizo Yaguchi, Motoshi Ichikawa, Daisuke Kobayashi, Noriko Inoue, Masato Shizu, Naoyuki Imai
Our hospital is located in the Tono region in the southeastern district of Gifu Prefecture in which there are forests and inhabitants who still hunt and eat game meat. Therefore, boar meat increases the risk of contracting paragonimiasis. We treated two patients who were infected by Paragonimus westermani after eating boar meat. They developed hydropneumothorax in association with eosinophilic pleural effusion. For patients who have pneumothorax with concomitant pleural effusion and eosinophilia in the pleural fluid analysis, it is necessary to take a detailed history, which includes flesh food consumption and travel to an endemic area, and to make a careful examination while taking into consideration parasitic infections such as paragonimiasis...
May 2016: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27512563/boerhaave-s-syndrome-tension-hydropneumothorax-and-rapidly-developing-hydropneumothorax-two-radiographic-clues-in-one-case
#12
Lam Nguyen Ho, Ngoc Tran Van, Thuong Vu Le
Boerhaave's syndrome is a rare and severe condition with high mortality partly because of its atypical presentation resulting in delayed diagnosis and management. Diagnostic clues play an important role in the approach to this syndrome. Here, we report a 48 year-old male patient hospitalized with fever and left chest pain radiating into the interscapular area. Two chest radiographs undertaken 22 h apart showed a rapidly developing tension hydropneumothorax. The amylase level in the pleural fluid was high...
July 2016: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27489758/recurrent-hydropneumothorax-an-unusual-presentation-for-malignant-pleural-mesothelioma
#13
David DeLapp, Christopher Chan, Perry Nystrom
Mesothelioma is a rare pulmonary malignancy commonly associated with asbestos exposure. Its presentation is insidious and non-specific, with complaints of chest pain, dyspnea and cough. Chest X-ray may demonstrate unilateral pleural effusion. CT and PET scans may highlight nodular pleural plaques. Diagnosis often times is difficult with negative imaging and negative pleural fluid studies. In rare cases, hydropneumothoraces may be seen. We report a case of malignant pleural mesothelioma presenting as recurrent hydropneumothorax with negative CT scan of the chest for pleural abnormalities and negative pleural fluid studies...
2016: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27247819/hydropneumothorax-in-children-a-rare-complication-of-a-bacterial-pneumonia
#14
Carolina Ortega, Carla Gonzales, Manuel E Soto-Martinez, Adriana Yock-Corrales
Hydropneumothorax is an uncommon presentation of a complicated pneumonia, and very few cases in the pediatric population have been reported. This is a case of a 5-month-old patient who presented to the emergency department (ED) with a three-day history of fever, diarrhea, and respiratory distress. His initial assessment suggested a lower respiratory tract infection and because of his respiratory distress and hypoxia a chest X-ray was performed. Other clinical information and radiologic studies will be discussed further, but his chest X-ray suggested a right-sided hydropneumothorax secondary to a complicated pneumonia...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27240105/a-case-of-sarcoidosis-with-pleural-%C3%A4-nvolvement
#15
A Sunnetcioglu, B Sertogullarindan, A Batur, I Bayram
Sarcoidosis is a chronic, multisystem inflammatory disorder of unknown etiology that is characterized by noncaseating granulomas. Although lung involvement is common in sarcoidosis, pleural involvement is rare. Pleural involvement may manifest as a pleural effusion, pneumothorax, pleural thickening and nodules, hydropneumothorax, hemothorax, or chylothorax. Here, we describe a case of sarcoidosis with pleural nodular thickening. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
May 30, 2016: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27185991/clinical-profile-etiology-and-management-of-hydropneumothorax-an-indian-experience
#16
Vasunethra Kasargod, Nilkanth Tukaram Awad
INTRODUCTION: Hydropneumothorax is an abnormal presence of air and fluid in the pleural space. Even though the knowledge of hydro-pneumothorax dates back to the days of ancient Greece, not many national or international literatures are documented. AIM: To study clinical presentation, etiological diagnosis, and management of the patients of hydropneumothorax. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients admitted in a tertiary care hospital with diagnosis of hydropneumothorax between 2012 and 2014 were prospectively studied...
May 2016: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27144114/a-22-year-old-man-with-pleural-tuberculosis-associated-hydropneumothorax-case-report-and-literature-review
#17
Lauren A Sharan, Thea P Price, Boyd Hehn, David Manoff, Scott W Cowan
A 22-year-old Asian male presented with fever, non-productive cough, right-sided pleuritic chest pain and was found to have a large right hydropneumothorax. A chest tube was placed. Pleural fluid analysis revealed a lymphocytic predominant exudate and he was subsequently started on four-drug daily anti-tuberculosis therapy (isoniazid, ethambutol, rifampin, pyrazinamide). Pleural biopsy revealed acid-fast bacilli. Given his persistent pleural effusion, he was given four doses of intrapleural tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) and dornase alpha (DNase) via his chest tube over a period of 6 days resulting in clinical and radiologic improvement...
2016: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27037132/presenting-hydrothorax-predicts-failure-of-needle-aspiration-in-primary-spontaneous-pneumothorax
#18
Kwok Kei Wu, Chun Tat Lui, Chik Leung Ho, Kwok Leung Tsui, Hin Tat Fung
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to evaluate if existence of hydrothorax in initial chest radiograph predicts treatment outcome in patients with primary spontaneous pneumothorax who received needle thoracostomy. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study carried out from January 2011 to August 2014 in 1 public hospital in Hong Kong. All consecutive adult patients aged 18years or above who attended the emergency department with the diagnosis of primary spontaneous pneumothorax with needle aspiration performed as primary treatment were included...
June 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27011473/types-of-renal-calculi-and-management-regimen-for-chinese-minimally-invasive-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy
#19
Si-Ping Gu, Guo-Hua Zeng, Zhi-Yuan You, Yi-Jin Lu, Yun-Teng Huang, Qing-Mao Wang, Zhao-Hui He
Strict selection of patients for minimally invasive percutaneous nephrolithotomy could effectively improve the success rate of surgery. This study aimed to understand the required skills and the efficacy of mini-PCNL in the treatment of five types of upper ureteral calculi. Data collected after X-ray analysis and B mode ultrasound from 633 patients with upper ureteral and renal pelvis calculi who underwent B ultrasound-guided lithotomy was reviewed, including the following: type I, upper ureteral or renal pelvis calculi with moderate hydronephrosis (154 cases); type II, upper ureteral or renal pelvis calculi with severe hydronephrosis (157 cases); type III, upper ureteral or renal pelvis calculi without hydronephrosis (61 cases); type IV, renal pelvis calculi, one or two renal calyx calculi (206 cases); and type V, renal staghorn calculi (55 cases)...
December 2015: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26957917/broncho-pleural-fistula-with-hydropneumothorax-at-ct-diagnostic-implications-in-mycobacterium-avium-complex-lung-disease-with-pleural-involvement
#20
Hyun Jung Yoon, Myung Jin Chung, Kyung Soo Lee, Jung Soo Kim, Hye Yun Park, Won-Jung Koh
OBJECTIVE: To determine the patho-mechanism of pleural effusion or hydropneumothorax in Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) lung disease through the computed tomographic (CT) findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively collected data from 5 patients who had pleural fluid samples that were culture-positive for MAC between January 2001 and December 2013. The clinical findings were investigated and the radiological findings on chest CT were reviewed by 2 radiologists...
March 2016: Korean Journal of Radiology: Official Journal of the Korean Radiological Society
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