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Cochrane reviews

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793011/thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair-tevar-versus-best-medical-treatment-bmt-for-high-risk-type-b-intramural-hematoma-imh-a-systematic-review-of-clinical-studies
#1
REVIEW
Lin Li, Yuanyong Jiao, Junjie Zou, Xiwei Zhang, Hongyu Yang, Hao Ma
BACKGROUND: To date , thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for type B aortic dissection is favorable, but TEVAR for type B IMH remains uncertain. There are numerous clinical (eg, refractory pain) and radiologic (eg, IMH thickness) factors that are reported to be associated with IMH progression, challenging the treatment for high-risk type B IMH with high risk factors in clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review of clinical studies to investigate outcomes of TEVAR+BMT and BMT in the treatment of high-risk type B IMH ...
May 21, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793007/minimum-clinically-important-differences-in-chronic-pain-vary-considerable-by-baseline-pain-and-methodological-factors-systematic-review-of-empirical-studies
#2
REVIEW
Mette Frahm Olsen, Eik Bjerre, Maria Damkjær Hansen, Britta Tendal, Jørgen Hilden, Asbjørn Hróbjartsson
BACKGROUND: The minimum clinically important difference (MCID) is used to interpret the relevance of treatment effects, e.g. when developing clinical guidelines, evaluating trial results or planning sample sizes. There is currently no agreement on an appropriate MCID in chronic pain and little is known about which contextual factors cause variation. METHODS: Systematic review. We searched PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Library. Eligible studies determined MCID for chronic pain based on a one-dimensional pain scale, a patient-reported transition scale of perceived improvement; and either a mean change analysis (mean difference in pain among minimally improved patients) or a threshold analysis (pain reduction associated with best sensitivity and specificity for identifying minimally improved patients)...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792871/cerebral-small-vessel-disease-and-the-risk-of-dementia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-population-based-evidence
#3
REVIEW
Daniel Bos, Frank J Wolters, Sirwan K L Darweesh, Meike W Vernooij, Frank de Wolf, M Arfan Ikram, Albert Hofman
INTRODUCTION: Cerebral small vessel disease is increasingly linked to dementia. METHODS: We systematically searched Medline, Embase, and Cochrane databases for prospective population-based studies addressing associations of white matter hyperintensities, covert brain infarcts (i.e., clinically silent infarcts), and cerebral microbleeds with risk of all-dementia or Alzheimer's disease and performed meta-analyses. RESULTS: We identified 11 studies on white matter hyperintensities, covert brain infarcts, or cerebral microbleeds with risk of all-dementia or Alzheimer's disease...
May 21, 2018: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792778/does-iron-supplementation-improve-performance-in-iron-deficient-nonanemic-athletes
#4
Amity Rubeor, Carmen Goojha, Jeffrey Manning, Jordan White
CONTEXT: Supplementing iron-deficient nonanemic (IDNA) athletes with iron to improve performance is a trend in endurance sports. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the benefits of iron on performance, identify a ferritin level cutoff in IDNA athletes, and determine which iron supplementation regimens are most effective. DATA SOURCES: A search of the PubMed, CINAHL, Embase, ERIC, and Cochrane databases was performed in 2014 including all articles. Citations of pertinent review articles were also searched...
May 1, 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792765/exploring-the-relationship-between-volunteering-and-hospice-sustainability-in-the-uk-a-theoretical-model
#5
Ros Scott, Divya Jindal-Snape, Gaye Manwaring
AIM: To explore the relationship between volunteering and the sustainability of UK voluntary hospices. METHODS: A narrative literature review was conducted to inform the development of a theoretical model. Eight databases were searched: CINAHL (EBSCO), British Nursing Index, Intute: Health and Life Sciences, ERIC, SCOPUS, ASSIA (CSA), Cochrane Library and Google Scholar. RESULTS: A total of 90 documents were analysed. Emerging themes included the importance of volunteering to the hospice economy and workforce, the quality of services, and public and community support...
May 2, 2018: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792244/affective-problems-and-decline-in-cognitive-state-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
A John, U Patel, J Rusted, M Richards, D Gaysina
Evidence suggests that affective problems, such as depression and anxiety, increase risk for late-life dementia. However, the extent to which affective problems influence cognitive decline, even many years prior to clinical diagnosis of dementia, is not clear. The present study systematically reviews and synthesises the evidence for the association between affective problems and decline in cognitive state (i.e., decline in non-specific cognitive function) in older adults. An electronic search of PubMed, PsycInfo, Cochrane, and ScienceDirect was conducted to identify studies of the association between depression and anxiety separately and decline in cognitive state...
May 24, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792085/role-of-selenium-supplementation-in-prevention-of-late-onset-sepsis-among-very-low-birth-weight-neonates-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#7
Bhawan Garg, Anju Bansal, Nandkishor Kabra
BACKGROUND: Neonatal sepsis is one of the most common cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Selenium has antioxidant and immune-modulating properties. AIM: The aim of this systematic review is to evaluate role of selenium supplementation in the prevention of late onset sepsis (LOS) among very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates. METHODS: We searched literature for this review by searching the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) electronic PubMed, Embase and Google Scholar...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792061/diet-and-exercise-for-preeclampsia-prevention-in-overweight-and-obese-pregnant-women-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Argyro Syngelaki, Miguel Sequeira Campos, Stephanie Roberge, Walkyria Andrade, Kypros H Nicolaides
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of diet and/or exercise in overweight or obese pregnant women on the risk of preeclampsia. METHODS: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials examining the effect of diet and/or exercise interventions in overweight and obese pregnant women on the risk of preeclampsia (PE) and hypertensive disorders. We completed a literature search through PubMed, Embase, Cinahl, Web of science, Cochrane CENTRAL Library from their earliest entries to November 2017 and from references of other systematic reviews...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791926/meniscus-repair-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-of-treatment-approaches-meniscal-healing-and-outcomes
#9
Márcio Balbinotti Ferrari, Colin P Murphy, João Luiz Ellera Gomes
Although the consequences of traumatic meniscus tears and the importance of meniscal repair are well-established in adults, the same cannot be said for the young population. Better evidence regarding the outcomes following traumatic meniscal tears in children would improve our understanding of this increasing pathology and help define important factors in deciding the best treatment option. A systematic review was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis guidelines using the Cochrane Database of Systematic Review, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE Ovid, and MEDLINE PubMed databases...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Knee Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791922/p2y12-polymorphisms-and-the-risk-of-adverse-clinical-events-in-patients-treated-with-clopidogrel-a-meta-analysis
#10
Kun Zhao, Ming Yang, Yanxia Lu, Shusen Sun, Wei Li, Xingang Li, Zhigang Zhao
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIM: Some studies have reported an association between P2Y12 gene polymorphisms and clopidogrel adverse outcomes with inconsistent results. We aimed to explore the relationship between P2Y12 polymorphisms and the risk of adverse clinical events in patients treated with clopidogrel through a meta-analysis. METHODS: A systematic search of PubMed, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library was conducted. Retrieved articles were comprehensively reviewed and eligible studies were included, and the relevant data was extracted for this meta-analysis...
May 23, 2018: Drug Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791661/effectiveness-and-safety-of-carbohydrate-counting-in-the-management-of-adult-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Eliege Carolina Vaz, Gustavo José Martiniano Porfírio, Hélio Rubens de Carvalho Nunes, Vania Dos Santos Nunes-Nogueira
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of carbohydrate counting (CHOC) in the treatment of adult patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a systematic review of randomized studies that compared CHOC with general dietary advice in adult patients with DM1. The primary outcomes were changes in glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), quality of life, and episodes of severe hypoglycemia. We searched the following electronic databases: Embase, PubMed, Lilacs, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials...
May 17, 2018: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791642/integrative-review-of-literature-nursing-care-to-aged-people-with-hiv
#12
Arayana Gomes da Silva, Viviane Siqueira Cavalcanti, Tâmyssa Simões Dos Santos, Gabriela Rodrigues Bragagnollo, Karen da Silva Santos, Ivanilde Miciele da Silva Santos, Kristiana Cerqueira Mousinho, Cinira Magali Fortuna
OBJECTIVE: To identify evidences in scientific Brazilian literature on nursing care to aged people with HIV. METHOD: Integrative review of literature from databases: Latin American and Caribbean Literature on Health Sciences (LILACS), Scientific Eletronic Library Online (SciELO), Cochrane and the Nursing Database (BDENF). The applied inclusion criteria were publications that were fully available from 2001 to 2015 and answered to the guiding question of this study...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791610/what-do-cochrane-systematic-reviews-say-about-cardiac-arrest-management
#13
Rafael Leite Pacheco, Juliana Trevizo, Caio Augusto de Souza, Gabriel Alves, Bruno Sakaya, Luciana Thiago, Aécio Flávio Teixeira de Góis, Rachel Riera
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Cardiac arrest is associated with high morbidity and mortality and imposes a significant burden on the healthcare system. Management of cardiac arrest patients is complex and involves approaches with multiple interventions. Here, we aimed to summarize the available evidence regarding the interventions used in cardiac arrest cases. DESIGN AND SETTING: Review of systematic reviews (SRs), conducted in the Discipline of Evidence-Based Medicine, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo...
March 2018: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791593/efficacy-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-in-children-and-adolescents-with-insomnia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Zhong-Rui Ma, Li-Jun Shi, Ming-Hong Deng
Insomnia is highly prevalent in children and adolescents. However, the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-i) in children and adolescents remains controversial. Therefore, this systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to assess the efficacy of CBT-i in children and adolescents. We conducted a search of PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, CINAHL, and PsycINFO to select primary studies evaluating CBT-i in children and adolescents that were primarily diagnosed through standardized diagnostic criteria...
2018: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791030/antiepileptic-drugs-as-prophylaxis-for-postcraniotomy-seizures
#15
REVIEW
Janette Greenhalgh, Jennifer Weston, Yenal Dundar, Sarah J Nevitt, Anthony G Marson
BACKGROUND: This is an updated version of the Cochrane Review previously published in Issue 3, 2015.The incidence of seizures following supratentorial craniotomy for non-traumatic pathology has been estimated to be between 15% to 20%; however, the risk of experiencing a seizure appears to vary from 3% to 92% over a five-year period. Postoperative seizures can precipitate the development of epilepsy; seizures are most likely to occur within the first month of cranial surgery. The use of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) administered pre- or postoperatively to prevent seizures following cranial surgery has been investigated in a number of randomised controlled trials (RCTs)...
May 23, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791019/withdrawn-treatments-for-adults-with-prominent-lower-front-teeth
#16
REVIEW
Hideko Minami-Sugaya, Débora A Lentini-Oliveira, Fernando R Carvalho, Marco Antonio C Machado, Clóvis Marzola, Humberto Saconato, Gilmar F Prado
BACKGROUND: Prominent lower front teeth may be associated with a large or prognathic lower jaw (mandible) or a small or retrusive upper jaw (maxilla). Edward Angle, who may be considered the father of modern orthodontics, classified the malocclusion in this situation as Class III. The individual is described as having a negative or reverse overjet as the lower front teeth are more prominent than the upper front teeth. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate different treatments of Angle Class III malocclusion in adults...
May 23, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791009/withdrawn-interventions-for-replacing-missing-teeth-1-versus-2-stage-implant-placement
#17
REVIEW
Marco Esposito, Maria Gabriella Grusovin, Yun Shane Chew, Paul Coulthard, Helen V Worthington
BACKGROUND: Implants may be placed penetrating the oral mucosa (1-stage procedure) or can be completely buried under the oral mucosa (2-stage procedure) during the healing phase of the bone at the implant surface. With a 2-stage procedure the risk of having unwanted loading onto the implants is minimized, but a second minor surgical intervention is needed to connect the healing abutments and more time is needed prior to start the prosthetic phase because of the wound-healing period required in relation to the second surgical intervention...
May 23, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790777/oral-management-of-children-with-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura-and-associated-glomerulonephritis-a-scoping-review
#18
A C Echavarría-García, A Pozos-Guillén, F Tejeda-Nava, J C Flores Arriaga, A Garrocho-Rangel
AIM: To perform a scoping review of the existing literature in order to gather the most relevant information in the paediatric dentistry field related to the oral management of children affected by Henoch-Schönlein Purpura and associated Glomerulonephritis (HSPG). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using scoping review methodology for the screening and selection of valid articles, the steps of this review were the following: first, to pose a research question; second, to identify relevant studies; third, to select and retrieve the studies; fourth, to chart the critical data, and finally, to collate, summarise, and report the results from the included articles...
June 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790638/comparative-efficacy-and-acceptability-of-anti-diabetic-agents-for-alzheimer-s-disease-and-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#19
Bing Cao, Joshua D Rosenblat, Elisa Brietzke, Caroline Park, Yena Lee, Natalie Musial, Zihang Pan, Rodrigo B Mansur, Roger S McIntyre
The current meta-analysis compares the efficacy (i.e., pro-cognitive effects) and acceptability of anti-diabetic agents for Alzheimer's disease (AD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Cochrane Library (CENTRAL), PubMed/MEDLINE, EMBASE and PsycINFO were searched from inception to January 15, 2018 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing anti-diabetic agents with placebo and/or another active anti-diabetic agent for the treatment of AD or MCI. Nineteen eligible studies (n = 4,855) evaluating the effects of six different anti-diabetic drugs (i...
May 23, 2018: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790594/barriers-to-and-enablers-of-diabetic-retinopathy-screening-attendance-a-systematic-review-of-published-and-grey-literature
#20
E Graham-Rowe, F Lorencatto, J G Lawrenson, J M Burr, J M Grimshaw, N M Ivers, J Presseau, L Vale, T Peto, C Bunce, J J Francis
AIMS: To identify and synthesize studies reporting modifiable barriers/enablers associated with retinopathy screening attendance in people with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes, and to identify those most likely to influence attendance. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Cochrane Library and the 'grey literature' for quantitative and qualitative studies to February 2017. Data (i.e. participant quotations, interpretive summaries, survey results) reporting barriers/enablers were extracted and deductively coded into domains from the Theoretical Domains Framework; with domains representing categories of theoretical barriers/enablers proposed to mediate behaviour change...
May 23, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
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