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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936211/reliability-of-diagnosis-and-clinical-efficacy-of-cranial-osteopathy-a-systematic-review
#1
Albin Guillaud, Nelly Darbois, Richard Monvoisin, Nicolas Pinsault
CONTEXT: In 2010, the World Health Organization released benchmarks for training in osteopathy in which they considered cranial osteopathy as an important osteopathic skill. However, the evidence supporting the reliability of diagnosis and the efficacy of treatment in this field appears scientifically weak and inconsistent. OBJECTIVES: To identify and critically evaluate the scientific literature dealing with the reliability of diagnosis and the clinical efficacy of techniques and therapeutic strategies used in cranial osteopathy...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936006/prognostic-value-of-red-blood-cell-distribution-width-in-non-cardiovascular-critically-or-acutely-patients-a-systematic-review
#2
Rubin Luo, Jian Hu, Libing Jiang, Mao Zhang
BACKGROUND: RDW (red cell distribution width) has been reported to been associated with the prognosis of patients with cardiovascular diseases. However, RDW is often overlooked by clinicians in treating patients with non-cardiovascular diseases, especially in an emergency. The objective of this systematic review is to explore the prognostic value of RDW in non-cardiovascular emergencies. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were systematically searched from their inception to December 31, 2015...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935807/methylphenidate-for-adhd-in-children-and-adolescents-throwing-the-baby-out-with-the-bathwater
#3
Tobias Banaschewski, Jan Buitelaar, Celine S L Chui, David Coghill, Samuele Cortese, Emily Simonoff, Ian C K Wong
A recent Cochrane review assessed the efficacy of methylphenidate for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents. Notwithstanding the moderate-to-large effect sizes for ADHD symptom reduction found in the meta-analysis, the authors concluded that the quality of the evidence is low and therefore the true magnitude of these effects remains uncertain. We identified a number of major concerns with the review, in the domains of study inclusion, approaches to quality assessment and interpretation of data relating to serious adverse events as well as of the clinical implications of the reported effects...
November 2016: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935602/effectiveness-and-safety-of-nutritional-supplements-in-the-treatment-of-hereditary-retinal-dystrophies-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
N Brito-García, T Del Pino-Sedeño, M M Trujillo-Martín, R M Coco, E Rodríguez de la Rúa, I Del Cura-González, P Serrano-Aguilar
The hereditary retinal dystrophies (HRDs) are a group of genetically determined disorders that result in loss of the visual function. There is a lack of standard pharmacological treatments or widely accepted nutritional recommendations. The objective of this review is to summarise the scientific evidence on the effectiveness and safety of nutritional supplements for the treatment of HRDs. We conducted a scientific literature search on Medline and PreMedline, EMBASE, SCI-EXPANDED, SSCI, and The Cochrane Library up to August 2014...
December 9, 2016: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935520/effect-of-fructose-consumption-on-insulin-sensitivity-in-nondiabetic-subjects-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-diet-intervention-trials
#5
Kasper W Ter Horst, Merle R Schene, Rebecca Holman, Johannes A Romijn, Mireille J Serlie
BACKGROUND: High fructose consumption has been suggested to contribute to several features of metabolic syndrome including insulin resistance, but to our knowledge, no previous meta-analyses have investigated the effect of fructose on insulin sensitivity in nondiabetic subjects. OBJECTIVE: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled diet-intervention studies in nondiabetic subjects to determine the effect of fructose on insulin sensitivity. DESIGN: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library for relevant trials on the basis of predetermined eligibility criteria...
December 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935148/customized-versus-population-based-growth-charts-to-identify-neonates-at-risk-of-adverse-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-bayesian-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#6
REVIEW
Giuseppe Chiossi, Claudia Pedroza, Maged M Costantine, Van Thi Thanh Truong, Giancarlo Gargano, George R Saade
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of customized versus population-based growth charts for prediction of adverse pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: we searched MEDLINE, http://ClinicalTrials.gov and the Cochrane library up to May 31(st) 2016 to identify interventional and observational studies comparing adverse outcomes among large (LGA) and small (SGA) for gestational age neonates, when classified with customized versus population-based growth charts. We studied perinatal mortality and NICU admission among both SGA and LGA neonates, IUFD and neonatal mortality among SGA, shoulder dystocia, 3(rd) and 4(th) degree perineal lacerations, as well as neonatal hypoglycemia among LGA...
December 9, 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935011/electrical-stimulation-with-non-implanted-electrodes-for-overactive-bladder-in-adults
#7
REVIEW
Fiona Stewart, Luis F Gameiro, Regina El Dib, Monica O Gameiro, Anil Kapoor, Joao L Amaro
BACKGROUND: Several options exist for managing overactive bladder (OAB), including electrical stimulation (ES) with non-implanted devices, conservative treatment and drugs. Electrical stimulation with non-implanted devices aims to inhibit contractions of the detrusor muscle, potentially reducing urinary frequency and urgency. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of ES with non-implanted electrodes for OAB, with or without urgency urinary incontinence, compared with: placebo or any other active treatment; ES added to another intervention compared with the other intervention alone; different methods of ES compared with each other...
December 9, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933694/association-of-coffee-consumption-and-chronic-kidney-disease-a-meta-analysis
#8
Karn Wijarnpreecha, Charat Thongprayoon, Natanong Thamcharoen, Panadeekarn Panjawatanan, Wisit Cheungpasitporn
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in individuals who regularly drink coffee is controversial. The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the association between coffee consumption and CKD. METHODS: A literature search was performed using MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews from inception until April 2016. We included studies that reported odd ratios or hazard ratios comparing the risk of CKD in individuals consuming significant amount of coffee vs...
December 9, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933630/comparison-of-cartilage-with-temporalis-fascia-tympanoplasty-a-meta-analysis-of-comparative-studies
#9
REVIEW
Mir Mohammad Jalali, Masoud Motasaddi, Ali Kouhi, Sasan Dabiri, Robabeh Soleimani
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the results of type 1 tympanoplasty with temporalis fascia (TF) versus cartilage in patients with chronic otitis media (COM) for graft integration and hearing improvement. DATA SOURCES: The English language literature (until June 1, 2016) was searched, using Medline (via PubMed), Scopus, ProQuest, Ovid, Cochrane database, and Google Scholar. REVIEW METHODS: A comprehensive review of the literature was performed...
December 9, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933615/immediate-release-versus-controlled-release-carbamazepine-in-the-treatment-of-epilepsy
#10
REVIEW
Graham Powell, Matthew Saunders, Alexandra Rigby, Anthony G Marson
BACKGROUND: Carbamazepine (CBZ) is a commonly used drug for epilepsy that is associated with troublesome adverse events including dizziness, double vision, drowsiness, poor co-ordination and unsteadiness. These adverse events often occur during peaks in drug plasma concentration. These adverse events may limit the daily dose of CBZ that can be tolerated and reduce the chances of seizure control in patients who require high doses. A controlled-release formulation of CBZ delivers the same dose over a longer period of time when compared to a standard immediate-release formulation, thereby reducing post-dose peaks in CBZ plasma concentration and potentially reducing adverse events...
December 8, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933614/antiviral-agents-for-infectious-mononucleosis-glandular-fever
#11
REVIEW
Muireann De Paor, Kirsty O'Brien, Tom Fahey, Susan M Smith
BACKGROUND: Infectious mononucleosis (IM) is a clinical syndrome, usually caused by the Epstein Barr virus (EPV), characterised by lymphadenopathy, fever and sore throat. Most cases of symptomatic IM occur in older teenagers or young adults. Usually IM is a benign self-limiting illness and requires only symptomatic treatment. However, occasionally the disease course can be complicated or prolonged and lead to decreased productivity in terms of school or work. Antiviral medications have been used to treat IM, but the use of antivirals for IM is controversial...
December 8, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933211/systematic-review-and-quality-analysis-of-emerging-diagnostic-measures-for-calcium-pyrophosphate-crystal-deposition-disease
#12
Y Wu, K Chen, R Terkeltaub
OBJECTIVES: Calcium pyrophosphate crystal deposition disease (CPPD) is common, yet prevalence and overall clinical impact remain unclear. Sensitivity and specificity of CPPD reference standards (conventional crystal analysis (CCA) and radiography (CR)) were meta-analysed by EULAR (published 2011). Since then, new diagnostic modalities are emerging. Hence, we updated 2009-2016 literature findings by systematic review and evidence grading, and assessed unmet needs. METHODS: We performed systematic search of full papers (PubMed, Scopus/EMBASE, Cochrane 2009-2016 databases)...
2016: RMD Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932761/-long-noncoding-rna-malat1-a-potential-novel-prognostic-biomarkers-in-cancers-based-on-meta-analysis
#13
Wei Song, Kai Wang, Runjin Zhang, Shubing Zou
To systematically review the potential value of long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1) as a potential novel prognostic biomarker in cancers.
 Methods: Databases including Cochrane Library, Medline, Embase, PubMed databases were searched for all English studies, which explored the correlation between lncRNA MALAT1 expression and overall survival in tumors. The retrieval time was from inception to August 1, 2015. Two reviewers independently screened literature according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, extracted data, and assessed methodological quality...
November 28, 2016: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932265/ottawa-panel-evidence-based-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-structured-physical-activity-in-the-management-of-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#14
REVIEW
Sabrina Cavallo, Lucie Brosseau, Karine Toupin-April, George A Wells, Christine A M Smith, Arlanna G Pugh, Jennifer Stinson, Roanne Thomas, Sara Ahmed, Ciarán M Duffy, Prinon Rahman, Inmaculada C Àlvarez-Gallardo, Laurianne Loew, Gino De Angelis, Debbie Ehrmann Feldman, Annette Majnemer, Isabelle J Gagnon, Désirée Maltais, Marie-Ève Mathieu, Glen P Kenny, Susan Tupper, Kristi Whitney-Mahoney, Sarah Bigford
OBJECTIVE: To create guidelines focused on the use of structured physical activity (PA) in the management of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). DATA SOURCES: A systematic literature search was conducted using the electronic databases Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Medline (Ovid), EMBASE (Ovid), and Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) for all studies related to PA programs for JIA from January 1966 until December 2014, and was updated in May 2015...
December 5, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931888/community-treatment-orders-a-pause-for-thought
#15
Maninder Kaur Nagra, Toby Pillinger, Henrique Prata-Ribeiro, Yasser Khazaal, Andrew Molodynski
Community Treatment Orders (CTO) have been available for several decades in some countries and are being progressively introduced worldwide, with significant uptake in Asian countries as they move more mental health care into the community. However the evidence for the effectiveness of CTOs is limited. The evidence from local audits and evaluations is conflicted with some studies showing clear benefit and others not. The same is the case for uncontrolled before and after studies. The higher levels of evidence such as randomised controlled trials, systematic reviews, and Cochrane reviews have consistently failed to demonstrate benefits from CTO use on key measures such as symptom levels, functioning, and healthcare use...
December 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931870/effects-of-early-mobilisation-in-patients-after-cardiac-surgery-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
P M Ramos Dos Santos, N Aquaroni Ricci, É Aparecida Bordignon Suster, D de Moraes Paisani, L Dias Chiavegato
BACKGROUND: Early mobilisation is prescribed after cardiac surgery to prevent postoperative complications, decrease length of hospital stay, and augment return to daily activities. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the evidence for the effects of early mobilisation in patients after cardiac surgery on length of hospital stay, functional capacity and postoperative complications. DATA SOURCES: The data sources used were Medline, Embase, CINAHL, PEDro, Web of Science and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials...
September 14, 2016: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931700/pediatric-tonsillectomy-and-ketorolac
#17
Lesley D Phillips-Reed, Paul N Austin, Ricardo E Rodriguez
BACKGROUND: The use of ketorolac in children undergoing tonsillectomy remains limited because of the concern about postoperative bleeding. METHODS: A search was performed addressing the question: For patients undergoing a surgical tonsillectomy, does a weight-appropriate single dose of intravenous ketorolac affect the incidence of postoperative hemorrhage? RESULTS: Five systematic reviews met the inclusion criteria. A Cochrane Review included 15 studies with 1,101 pediatric subjects and focused on perioperative bleeding requiring intervention...
December 2016: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931654/the-response-of-the-microcirculation-to-mechanical-support-of-the-heart-in-critical-illness
#18
REVIEW
Sakir Akin, Atila Kara, Corstiaan A den Uil, Can Ince
Critical illness associated with cardiac pump failure results in reduced tissue perfusion in all organs and occurs in various conditions such as sepsis, cardiogenic shock, and heart failure. Mechanical circulatory support (MCS) devices can be used to maintain organ perfusion in patients with cardiogenic shock and decompensated chronic heart failure. However, correction of global hemodynamic parameters by MCS does not always cause a parallel improvement in microcirculatory perfusion and oxygenation of the organ systems, a condition referred to as a loss of hemodynamic coherence between macro- and microcirculation (MC)...
December 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931579/harm-and-benefits-of-salvage-transplantation-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-an-updated-meta-analysis
#19
Q Xiong, T-T Geng, L He, H Gao
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to compare salvage liver transplantation (SLT) and primary liver transplantation (PLT) in terms of the harm and benefits. METHODS: The authors searched Pubmed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library from their dates of establishment to December 2015. Based on selection and exclusion criteria, 2 researchers screened the literature independently. The meta-analysis was performed with the use of the Review Manager software. Meta-analysis of the pooled standard mean difference (SMD) and odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated based on either a fixed-effects or a random-effects model...
December 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931466/evidence-based-clinical-practice-guideline-for-the-use-of-pit-and-fissure-sealants
#20
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: This article presents evidence-based clinical recommendations for the use of pit-and-fissure sealants on the occlusal surfaces of primary and permanent molars in children and adolescents. A guideline panel convened by the American Dental Association (ADA) Council on Scientific Affairs and the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry conducted a systematic review and formulated recommendations to address clinical questions in relation to the efficacy, retention, and potential side effects of sealants to prevent dental caries; their efficacy compared with fluoride varnishes; and a head-to-head comparison of the different types of sealant material used to prevent caries on pits-and-fissures of occlusal surfaces...
October 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
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