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yunnan baiyao

Wen-Zhen Zhao, Na Diao, Yi-Xiu Gu, Xiao-Tong Zhu, Ming-Song Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of Yunnan Baiyao (YNBY)as an adjuvant treatment of active ulcerative colitis. METHODS: A total of 221 patients with active ulcerative colitis were randomized into YNBY group (78 cases) and control group (143 cases). The patients were followed up for 26 weeks and time of remission and serological data (WBC, HGB, PLT, and CRP) were recorded. RESULTS: The patients receiving YNBY as an adjuvant therapy had a median remission time of 9 weeks (95% CI: 8...
August 20, 2016: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
Lisa A Murphy, Cynthia M Panek, Domenico Bianco, Reid K Nakamura
OBJECTIVE: To describe the utility of Yunnan Baiyao (YB) alone or in combination with epsilon aminocaproic acid (EAC) for the treatment of dogs with echocardiographically identified right atrial (RA) masses and pericardial effusion (PE). DESIGN: Retrospective case-controlled study. SETTING: Two private practice referral hospitals. ANIMALS: Client-owned dogs with RA masses and PE identified echocardiographically over a 3-year period...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
Qiong Li, Kun-Xian Yang, Yun-Li Zhao, Xu-Jie Qin, Xing-Wei Yang, Lu Liu, Ya-Ping Liu, Xiao-Dong Luo
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: "Pimacao" (the roots and rhizomes of Veratrum taliense Loes.) has been used as traditional folk medicine in Yunnan province (PR China) for the treatment of pain, swelling, and inflammation. It is the main component of the renowned traditional Chinese medicine, "Yunnan Baiyao". Previous investigations and clinical research have shown significant analgesic activity of Pimacao. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the present study was to find out the compounds responsible for anti-inflammatory and analgesic activity present in V...
February 17, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Y Song, M F Li, J Xu, Z Zhao, N Z Chen
Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis is a traditional Chinese medicinal plant and is listed as vulnerable by the IUCN. This medicinal herb is well known for its analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties, most notably as an ingredient of the hemostatic compound "Yunnan Baiyao". However, over-exploitation of the plant for economic purposes is pushing the species to the brink of extinction. Therefore, there is an urgent need to develop conservation strategies for this endangered species, for example, through assessment of its genetic structure and diversity...
2015: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
R M Heilmann, K M Thieman-Mankin, A K Cook
A 2-year-old male castrated German Shepherd dog mix was presented with chronic macroscopic haematuria. Further diagnostics included abdominal ultrasound and urethrocystoscopy and led to a diagnosis of severe bilateral idiopathic renal haematuria (IRH). Medical treatment with Yunnan Baiyao was unsuccessful. Bilateral renal-sparing sclerotherapy was performed and, despite distal migration of both ureteral stents within 12 days, permanently resolved the macroscopic haematuria.
2015: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe K, Kleintiere/Heimtiere
Jesper J Olsen, Jane Skov, Janne Ingerslev, Jens J Thorn, Else M Pinholt
PURPOSE: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of hemostatic adjuncts on intraoperative blood loss (IOB) in orthognathic surgery (OS) detected by randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of the highest quality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A search of the Medline, Cochrane, Embase, and Web of Science databases was performed in January 2015, and the risk of bias was assessed using the Jadad and Delphi scales. The predictor variable was the hemostatic measures, and the main outcome variable was the total IOB volume...
January 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Chen Liu, Jia Liu, Chuan-Zhu Zheng, Li Zhang, An-Wei Ding, Bin Yu
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the hemostasis of the different polarities of Platycladi Cacumen Carbonisatum (PCC) on the blood heat and hemorrhage syndrome rat model induced by dry yeast. METHOD: The SD rats were divided into seven groups. Yunnan Baiyao was taken as the positive control drug. The rats in the control group and model group were fed with CMC-Na for 7 days, and the rats in other groups were fed with corresponding drugs simultaneously. On day 7, the blood heat and hemorrhage syndrome rat model was established...
August 2014: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
K A Wirth, K Kow, M E Salute, N J Bacon, R J Milner
Yunnan Baiyao is a Chinese herbal medicine that has been utilized for its anti-inflammatory, haemostatic, wound healing and pain relieving properties in people. It has been utilized in the veterinary profession to control bleeding in dogs with hemangiosarcoma (HSA) and has been anecdotally reported to prolong survival times in dogs with this neoplasm. This study evaluated the in vitro activity of Yunnan Baiyao against three canine HSA cell lines after treatment with increasing concentrations of Yunnan Baiyao (50, 100, 200, 400, 600 and 800 µg mL(-1) ) at 24, 48 and 72 h...
September 2016: Veterinary and Comparative Oncology
Ming-Qiu Shan, Xing Chen, Juan Li, Bin Yu, An-Wei Ding
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of Rubiae Radix et Rhizoma (RRR) and carbonized Rubiae Radix et Rhizoma (CRRR) on the acute blood stasis rat model, and reveal their differences in efficacy. METHOD: The acute blood stasis model was induced by subcutaneously injecting adrenaline hydrochloride and soaking in ice water. Yunnan Baiyao was used as the positive control drug, and administered for consecutively seven days. This model was adopted to observe the effect of high, middle and low dose RRR and CRRR groups on hemorheology, thrombin activity, and blood platelet system...
February 2014: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Chao-Yun Xi, Yuan Zhuang, Lin Feng Chen, Ya-Qian Liu, Shu-Fang Wang, De-Qing Wang
This study was aimed to develop a new generation of ideal hemostatic powder which can be safely, effectively and easily used mainly to first aid anterior to hospital by the synergistic effect of physical and chemical hemostatic mechanisms. The tranexamic acid(TA)-loaded porous starch(PS) (TAPS) was prepared by using PS as carrier and TA as loaded drug component. The absorption property of TAPS was evaluated by water absorption; the hemostatic ability of TAPS was evaluated by test in vitro and in vivo, the blood coagulation time of TAPS was detected by using Lee-white method...
April 2014: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
Bo Yang, Zhe-Qi Xu, Hao Zhang, Feng-Ying Xu, Xue-Yin Shi, Zui Zou, Chang-Quan Ling, Ling Tang
Yunnan Baiyao (YNBY) is widely used to treat rhexis haemorrhage and ulcer in China. This meta-analysis was conducted to determine the efficacy of YNBY on local haemostasis and antiulcer. Randomized controlled trials were included on condition that assessing the effects of YNBY with/without routine drugs versus the same routine drugs on haemorrhage or ulcer after searching major databases. Data were validated, extracted and synthesized using relative risk (RR) for dichotomous data using random effects models...
2014: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Li Xia, Qiang Guo, Shui-Ying Zhang, Yong-Shu Liang, Wan-Long Yao, Xian-Tao Zhang
Ypsilandra thibetica belongs to the family Liliaceae. Its whole plant has the medicinal functions of heat-clearing and detoxifying, relieving congestion and other effects, and is used as the folk medicine to cure scrofula, dysuria embolism and other symptoms. Previous chemical studies revealed that its major and active ingredient is steroidal saponin. Up to now, more than fifty steroidal saponins, mainly composed of spirostan and furostanol types, have been described. Pharmacological and clinical studies have demonstrated that Y...
October 2013: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Chen Dai, Yan Liang, Haiping Hao, Xiao Zheng, Lin Xie, Tianye Guan, Yuanyuan Zhou, Guangji Wang
Yunnan Baiyao is a widely used herbal prescription in traditional medicine for the treatment of bleeding and hematological diseases, while its chemical profile remains elusive. In this work, a novel methodology combining polarity-directed extraction technique with a diagnostic ion filtering strategy based on LC hybrid ion trap TOF-MS analysis was developed for global, efficient, and rapid characterization of components in Yunnan Baiyao. Di-ethyl ether, n-butanol, and ethanol/water (70:30, v/v) covering low-to-high polarity ranges were chosen as the extraction solvent, respectively...
June 2013: Journal of Separation Science
Jia Liu, Li Zhang, Ying-Zhi Yao, An-Wei Ding, Bin Yu, Ming-Qiu Shan, Wei-Feng Yao
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the effect and mechanism of Platycladi Cacumen Carbonisatum (PCC) on rats with blood heat and hemorrhage syndromes. METHOD: Rats were fed with 15 g x kg(-1) water decoctions of Zingiberis Rhizoma and 5% alcohol for 15 days to establish the blood-heat and hemorrhage syndrome model. Yunnan Baiyao was taken as the positive control drug, and PCC decoctions (5.0, 10.0 g x kg(-1)) were given simultaneously, in order to detect changes in general physical signs of rats, such as body weight, daily diet, volume of daily drinking and urine and stool, and rectal temperature...
January 2013: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Zu-Guo Zhao, Shuang-Shuang Yan, Yun-Mei Yu, Na Mi, La-Xi Zhang, Jun Liu, Xiao-Ling Li, Fang Liu, Jun-Fa Xu, Wei-Qing Yang, Guo-Ming Li
Yunnan Baiyao is a famous Chinese medicine that has long been directly applied to wounds to reduce bleeding, pain, and swelling without causing infection. However, little is known about its ability to prevent infection. The present study aimed to assess in vitro the anti-virulence activity of an aqueous extract of Yunnan Baiyao (YBX) using Pseudomonas aeruginosa as a pathogenic model. We found that a sub-MIC (2.5 mg/ml) of YBX can efficiently interfere with the quorum-sensing (QS) signaling circuit. Real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis showed that a sub-MIC of YBX down-regulated the transcriptions of lasR, lasI, rhlR, and rhlI, which resulted in global attenuation of QS-regulated virulence activities, such as biofilm formation, and secretion of LasA protease, LasB elastase and pyocyanin...
April 2013: Journal of Microbiology / the Microbiological Society of Korea
Xiaosong Liu, Xiaobing Guan, Ruiyang Chen, Hong Hua, Yang Liu, Zhimin Yan
The study was designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of an herbal extract of Yunnan Baiyao formulated in toothpaste as an alternative therapy for minor RAS. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial (from March 2010 to March 2011) was conducted on a cohort of 227 minor RAS patients. The toothpaste containing Yunnan Baiyao was used twice daily as part of the patient's routine oral hygiene for 5 days. An assessment of ulcerative size and pain was recorded on day 0 (baseline), day 3, and day 5...
2012: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Bao-Xing Huang, Heng-Chuan Su, Fu-Kang Sun
OBJECTIVE: To explore the efficacy of compound ciprofloxacin suppository (CCS) combined with Ningbitai (NBT) and Yunnan Baiyao (YB) capsules in the treatment of histological prostatitis with elevated levels of PSA. METHODS: This study included 150 cases of type IIIA histological prostatitis, with PSA levels ranging from 4 to 50 microg/L. After 1 month's treatment with oral Levofloxacin tablets at 0.5 g qd, the PSA levels remained high in 86 patients. Prostate cancer was excluded by transrectal ultrasound-guided prostatic biopsy, and histological prostatitis was confirmed in 65 patients, who were assigned to an experimental group (n=45) and a control group (n=20) to receive CCS combined with NBT and YB capsules and CCS with NBT only, respectively, both for 4 weeks...
November 2012: Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue, National Journal of Andrology
Jin-yu Zhang, Yuan-zhong Wang, Yan-li Zhao, Shao-bing Yang, Ji Zhang, Tian-jun Yuan, Jia-jun Wang, Hang Jin
Species of Paris are important medicinal plants of China. They possess anticancer, hot alexipharmic, detumescence, acesodyne, and arrest blood and remove blood stasis effects. They are the main raw material for several Chinese patent drugs such as "Yunnan Baiyao", "Gong Xue Ning", "Re Du Qing" and "Ji De Sheng Sheyaopian". The present paper, through optimizing the chloroform, absolute ethyl alcohol and water extraction condition of Paris by orthogonal test L3(4) (16), using mean value, smoothness and second differential methods on the observed UV spectrum, to inspects the RSD of stability and repeatability of different waveband...
August 2012: Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi, Guang Pu
E J Ladas, J B Karlik, D Rooney, K Taromina, D H Ndao, L Granowetter, K M Kelly
PURPOSE: Yunnan Baiyao (White Medicine from Yunnan, YNB) is a Chinese herbal medicinal powder used to stop bleeding and improve circulation in traumatic injuries. We describe the use of YNB in adolescents with cancer as an adjunct to uncontrolled bleeding in the palliative care setting. METHODS: Through a retrospective chart review of all patients receiving integrative medicine consultations at the Integrative Therapies Program at Columbia University from January 1, 2007 to January 31, 2012, we describe the outcome of patients treated with YNB for management of uncontrolled bleeding...
December 2012: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Kai Zhang, Xing Wang, Wei Zhang, Ji-zhi Zhao, Hui Dong
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of the traditional Chinese medicine Yunan Baiyao on the socket healing of impacted mandibular third molar extraction. METHODS: A total of 200 patients requiring extractions of impacted mandibular wisdom teeth were randomized into the treatment group and the control group in a double-blinded manner, and Yunan Baiyao capsules or placebo capsules (2 g/d) were orally administered for 28 days after the operation. Dental quantitative CT scan was performed, and the volume and density of new bone at the extraction site were measured two month after operation...
April 2012: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
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