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hemostatic chitosan

Jiaul Hoque, Relekar G Prakash, Krishnamoorthy Paramanandham, Bibek R Shome, Jayanta Haldar
Two component injectable hydrogels that cross-link in situ have been used as noninvasive wound-filling devices, i.e., sealants. These materials carry a variety of functions at the wound sites, such as sealing leaks, ceasing unwanted bleeding, binding tissues together, and assisting in wound healing processes. However, commonly used sealants typically lack antibacterial properties. Since bacterial infection at the wound site is very common, bioadhesive materials with intrinsic antibacterial properties are urgently required...
April 3, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
Biji Balakrishnan, Dawlee Soman, Umashanker Payanam, Alexandre Laurent, Denis Labarre, Athipettah Jayakrishnan
A surgical adhesive that can be used in different surgical situations with or without sutures is a surgeons' dream and yet none has been able to fulfill many such demanding requirements. It was therefore a major challenge to develop an adhesive biomaterial that stops bleeding and bond tissues well, which at the same time is non-toxic, biocompatible and yet biodegradable, economically viable and appealing to the surgeon in terms of the simplicity of application in complex surgical situations. With this aim, we developed an in situ setting adhesive based on biopolymers such as chitosan and dextran...
January 25, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
Chao Feng, Jing Li, Guang Sheng Wu, Yu Zhi Mu, Ming Kong, Chang Qing Jiang, Xiao Jie Cheng, Ya Liu, Xi Guang Chen
Uncontrolled hemorrhage leads to high death risk both in military and civilian trauma. Current hemostatic agents still have various limitations and side effects. In this study, natural diatom silica obtained from diatomite and diatom culture was purified and developed for hemorrhage control. To improve the biocompatibility and hemostatic performance of diatom silica, a series of chitosan-coated diatom (CS-diatom) was developed. The composition of CS-diatom prepared was optimized by in vitro hemocompatibility and blood coagulation evaluation for that prepared with 0...
December 21, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Apurva Chaturvedi, Matthew B Dowling, John P Gustin, Thomas M Scalea, Srinivasa R Raghavan, Jason D Pasley, Mayur Narayan
BACKGROUND: Currently, the standard of care for treating severe hemorrhage in a military setting is Combat Gauze (CG). Previous work has shown that hydrophobically modified chitosan (hm-C) has significant hemostatic capability relative to its native chitosan counterpart. This work aims to evaluate gauze coated in hm-C relative to CG as well as ChitoGauze (ChG) in a lethal in vivo hemorrhage model. METHODS: Twelve Yorkshire swine were randomized to receive either hm-C gauze (n = 4), ChG (n = 4), or CG (n = 4)...
January 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
Gyeung Mi Seon, Mi Hee Lee, Byeong-Ju Kwon, Min Sung Kim, Min-Ah Koo, Dohyun Kim, Young Seomun, Jong-Tak Kim, Jong-Chul Park
Although a number of natural materials have been used as hemostatic agents, many substances do not act quickly enough. Here, we created a novel dressings using collagen and chitosan with recombinant batroxobin (r-Bat) to promote faster and more effective hemostasis. We hypothesized that r-Bat would promote synergetic blood coagulation because it contains a blood coagulation active site different than those of collagen and chitosan. Our results suggest that each substances can maintain hemostatic properties while in the mixed dressings and that our novel hemostatic dressings promotes potent control of bleeding, as demonstrated by a whole blood assay and rat hemorrhage model...
October 18, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
Z Adamiak, D Bukowiecka, P Jastrzębski, M Jałyński, P Holak, J Głodek, G Gudzbeler
Hemorrhaging from large vessels poses a serious problem in emergency situations when blood loss needs to be immediately controlled. The aim of the study was to compare the effectiveness of two hemostatic dressings in controlling bleeding from a surgically punctured femoral artery. The study was performed on thirteen pigs divided into two groups, of six and seven pigs, respectively. Combat gauze covered with ChitoClear hqg 95 chitosan and Protanal LF10/60 FT sodium alginate was used in the first group, seton covered with identical substances was uses in the second group...
September 1, 2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
Weijuan Huang, Yixiang Wang, Yun Chen, Yanteng Zhao, Qiang Zhang, Xiang Zheng, Lingyun Chen, Lina Zhang
Benzaldehyde-terminated telechelic four-armed polyethylene glycol (PEG-BA) is synthesized and cross-linked with carboxymethyl chitosan (CMC) to form dynamic hydrogels with strong mechanical performance. The gelation temperature and time, mechanical performance, and self-healing behaviors are systematically investigated. The hydrogels have good storage modulus up to 3162.06 ± 21.06 Pa, comparable to conventional bulk hydrogels. The separated alternate hydrogel lines connect together to become an integrated hydrogel film after 5 min at room temperature without any external intervention...
November 2016: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Gürkan Ersoy, Ülkümen Rodoplu, Osman Yılmaz, Necati Gökmen, Alper Doğan, Özgür Dikme, Aslı Aydınoğlu, Okyanus Orhon
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the hemostatic effect of chitosan linear polymer in a sheep model with femoral bleeding. METHODS: Following induction of anesthesia and intubation of sheep, groin injury was induced to initiate hemorrhage. Animals were randomly assigned to study and control groups. In the control group, absorbent pads were packed on the wound, and pressure was supplied by a weight placed over the dressing. In the study group, chitosan linear polymer was poured onto the bleeding site; absorbent pads and pressure were applied in the same manner...
May 2016: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
Matthew B Dowling, Apurva Chaturvedi, Ian C MacIntire, Vishal Javvaji, John Gustin, Srinivasa R Raghavan, Thomas M Scalea, Mayur Narayan
INTRODUCTION: Alginate is a biocompatible polysaccharide that is commonly used in the pharmaceutical, biomedical, cosmetic, and food industries. Though solid dressings composed of alginate can absorb water and promote wound healing, they are not effective hemostatic materials, particularly against massive hemorrhage. The purpose of this study is to attempt to increase the hemostatic capabilities of alginate by means of hydrophobic modification. Previous studies have illustrated that modifying a different polysaccharide, chitosan, in this way enhances its hemostatic efficacy as well as its adhesion to tissue...
October 2016: Injury
Zeynep Karahaliloğlu, Murat Demirbilek, İbrahim Ulusoy, Berrak Gümüşkaya, Emir Baki Denkbaş
Patients with diabetes mellitus have an increased cardiovascular risk due to the abnormality of hemostatic system components. Therefore, hemostasis is an important concept when considering that diabetics are under risk due to potential bleeding complications during surgical operation. The aim of our study was to examine the efficiency of a fabricated nano/microbilayer hemostatic dressing for bleeding control in diabetic patients. For this purpose, we prepared a nano/microbilayer hemostatic dressing that has a porous sublayer, including chitosan (CTS), bacterial cellulose (BC) as basement and active agents in coagulation cascade, such as vitamin K (Vit K), protamine sulfate (PS), and kaolin (Kao) as a filler and an upper layer consisting of silk fibroin (SF) or SF/phosphatidylcholine (PC) blend to achieve complete hemostasis in diabetic rats...
April 29, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
Lihong Fan, Huan Yang, Jing Yang, Min Peng, Jin Hu
Chitosan (CS)/gelatin (Gel)/polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) hydrogels were prepared by the gamma irradiation method for usage in wound dressing applications. Chitosan and gelatin solution was mixed with poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) solution at different weight ratios of CS/Gel of 1:3, 1:2, 1:1, 2:1 and 3:1. The hydrogels irradiated at 40kGy. The structure of the hydrogels was characterized by using FT-IR and SEM. The CS/Gel/PVA hydrogels were characterized for physical properties and blood clotting activity. The tensile strength of CS/Gel/PVA hydrogel enhanced than on the basis of the Gel/PVA hydrogel...
August 1, 2016: Carbohydrate Polymers
Yu Chen, Yong Zhang, Fengju Wang, Weiwei Meng, Xinlin Yang, Peng Li, Jianxin Jiang, Huimin Tan, Yongfa Zheng
The volume phase transition of a hydrogel initiated by shrinking may result in complex patterns on its surface. Based on this unique property of hydrogel, we have developed a novel solvent precipitation method to prepare a kind of novel superabsorbent polymers with excellent hemostatic properties. A porous carboxymethyl chitosan grafted poly (acrylic acid) (CMCTS-g-PAA) superabsorbent polymer was prepared by precipitating CMCTS-g-PAA hydrogel with ethanol. Its potential application in hemostatic wound dressing was investigated...
June 2016: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Andrew Crofton, John Chrisler, Samuel Hudson, Serkan Inceoglu, Floyd Petersen, Wolff Kirsch
INTRODUCTION: The United States military has had success with chitosan (CS)-based hemostatic agents to control trauma-induced hemorrhages. Despite the positive reviews, additional physical forms of CS may enhance its hemostatic efficacy. Additionally, standard sterilization techniques may negatively affect the hemostatic efficacy of CS. We studied the effects of a CS-based hemostatic pad, the Clo-Sur P.A.D.™ (Scion Cardio-Vascular, Inc.), on severe femoral vessel bleeding in a rat model...
February 2016: Advances in Therapy
Lu Liu, Qi Lv, Qingyun Zhang, Hui Zhu, Wei Liu, Guiru Deng, Yuqiang Wu, Chaofeng Shi, Hui Li, Lingzhi Li
OBJECTIVE: Chitosan (CS) is currently used as a hemostatic agent in emergencies and in military settings. However, its application is limited owing to its poor hydrophilia at neutral pH. Carboxymethyl chitosan (CMCS) is an important, water-soluble derivative of CS. In this study, we prepared CS and CMCS microspheres (CSMs and CMCSMs, respectively) and evaluated their hemostatic effect. METHODS: To prepare the microspheres of various sizes, we used the emulsion cross-linking technique...
December 4, 2015: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Julian-Dario Rembe, Julia K Böhm, Carolin Fromm-Dornieden, Nadine Schäfer, Marc Maegele, Matthias Fröhlich, Ewa K Stuermer
BACKGROUND: Due to demographical changes the number of elderly patients depending on oral anticoagulation is expected to rise. Prolonged bleeding times in case of traumatic injuries represent the drawback of these medications, not only in major trauma, but also in superficial wounds. Therefore, dressings capable of accelerating coagulation onset and shortening bleeding times are desirable for these patients. METHODS: The hemostatic potential and physical properties of different types of superficial wound dressings (standard wound pad, two alginates, chitosan, collagen (Lyostypt(®)), oxidized cellulose, and QuikClot(®)) were assessed in vitro...
November 30, 2015: Journal of Translational Medicine
Xinyi Shi, Qiang Fang, Miao Ding, Jing Wu, Fei Ye, Zhengbing Lv, Jia Jin
To develop biocompatible composite microspheres for novel hemostatic use, we designed and prepared a novel biomaterial, composite microspheres consisting of carboxymethyl chitosan, sodium alginate, and collagen (CSCM). The ultra-structure of CSCM was investigated by scanning electron microscopy assay. In hemostatic function experiment, it was found that CSCM could facilitate platelet adherence, platelet aggregation, and platelet activation in vitro. Besides, the maximum swelling of CSCM submerged in PBS for 50 min was over 300% of that exhibited by commercial hemostatic compound microporous polysaccharide haemostatic powder (CMPHP)...
February 2016: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
Leslie W Chan, Chae Hwa Kim, Xu Wang, Suzie H Pun, Nathan J White, Tae Hee Kim
UNLABELLED: Positively-charged chitosan gauzes stop bleeding from wounds by electrostatically interacting with negatively-charged cell membranes of erythrocytes to cause erythrocyte agglutination and by sealing wounds through tissue adhesion. In the following work, nonwoven chitosan gauze was impregnated with PolySTAT, a synthetic polymer that enhances coagulation by cross-linking fibrin, to generate PolySTAT/chitosan gauzes with improved hemostatic efficacy. When comparing nonwoven chitosan and PolySTAT/chitosan to a commercially-available chitosan-containing gauze (Celox® Rapid), no appreciable differences were observed in fiber size, morphology, and pore size...
February 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
Guangqian Lan, Bitao Lu, Tianyou Wang, Lijuan Wang, Jinghao Chen, Kun Yu, Jiawei Liu, Fangying Dai, Dayang Wu
Chitosan is a versatile biological material that is very well known for its hemostatic properties. The purpose of this study was to test the hemostatic properties of a chitosan composite obtained from silkworm pupae and gelatin. This spongy porous material was cross-linked with tannins and then freeze-dried under vacuum to obtain composites containing chitosan and gelatin in different proportions. Results showed that the best blood-clotting index (BCI) was achieved in vitro by a chitosan/gelatin sponge (CG) ratio of 5/5 (W/W)...
December 1, 2015: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Bon Kang Gu, Sang Jun Park, Min Sup Kim, Yong Jin Lee, Jong-Il Kim, Chun-Ho Kim
To improve the hemostatic function of chitosan nanofiber mats, we studied the synergetic effects of gelatin blending and porosity control. Gelatin-blended-chitosan (Chi-Gel) nanofiber mats were evaluated with respect to surface morphology, mechanical properties and wettability, and functionally tested in a blood clotting study. The blood clotting efficiency of Chi-Gel nanofiber mats using rabbit whole blood in vitro was superior to that of chitosan nanofibers. Moreover, Chi-Gel nanofiber mats with enlarged porosity, produced by ultra-sonication, showed improved blood clotting efficiency, cell viability and cell infiltration compared with non-sonicated Chi-Gel nanofiber mats...
January 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
I M Samokhvalov, V A Reva, A V Denisov, K P Golovko, M V Sokhranov, S Yu Telitskii, A B Yudin
With the help of tests on 10 big biological objects (sheep) was studied a modern model of severe lateral damage (6 mm diameter) of femoral artery. Within 45 seconds blood loss was 432.5 +/- 258.2 ml. The usage of domestic local hemostatic agent--"Gemostop" based on zeolite and "Gemofleks" based on chitosan. The total three-hour mortality was 50%. Primary hemostasis was recorded only in 20% of biological objects, the final hemostasis in 60%. Thus, the model of standard 6-mm lateral damage of femoral artery with a free primary hemmorage during 45 seconds should be considered as...
March 2015: Voenno-medit︠s︡inskiĭ Zhurnal
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