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Laparoscopic colorectal surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682719/-evolution-and-prospect-of-colorectal-anastomosis
#1
Qi Liu, Xinxiang Li
Colorectal cancer is the third most common malignant tumor among men, and the second most common malignant tumor among women worldwide. As one of the most common malignant tumor, colorectal cancer has a great threat to the health of people. Although the development of radiotherapy and chemotherapy could improve the prognosis of colorectal cancer, surgery, the complete resection of the tumor, remains the only chance for the cure of this disease. Over the past hundred years, surgical oncology went in the direction of protecting organ function and improving quality of life...
2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682710/-surgical-skills-in-the-prevention-of-anastomotic-leakage-after-rectal-neoplasm-surgery
#2
Qianqian Shao, Guole Lin
For colorectal surgeons, how to reduce anastomotic leakage after laparoscopic rectal cancer surgery remains to be challenging. We provide a brief discussion regarding the surgical skills required to prevent anastomotic leakage after rectal cancer surgery, such as the following: 1) Low ligation of inferior mesenteric vessel during laparoscopic total mesorectal excision can improve anastomotic tension and blood supply, thus reducing the risk of anastomotic leakage. While high ligation of inferior mesenteric artery results in poor blood supply and high tension in atastomotic site, thus increasing the risk of anastomotic leakage...
2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679338/c-reactive-protein-on-postoperative-day-1-a-predictor-of-early-intra-abdominal-infections-after-bariatric-surgery
#3
Dino Kröll, Dominik Nakhostin, Guido Stirnimann, Suna Erdem, Tobias Haltmeier, Philipp Christoph Nett, Yves Michael Borbély
BACKGROUND: Early intra-abdominal infections (IAI) compromise short-term outcomes in bariatric surgery. The timely detection of IAI is challenging but essential to prevent major sequelae of such complications. C-reactive protein (CRP) is a reliable marker for detecting IAI after colorectal surgery. In bariatric surgery, data on CRP as a marker for IAI are limited, particularly for postoperative day one (POD1). OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess CRP on POD1 as a predictor for early IAI (within 7 days following surgery) in patients after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB)...
April 21, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678755/colorectal-anastomotic-stenosis-lesson-learned-after-1643-colorectal-resections-for-deep-infiltrating-endometriosis
#4
Elisa Bertocchi, Giuliano Barugola, Marco Benini, Paolo Bocus, Roberto Rossini, Marcello Ceccaroni, Giacomo Ruffo
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate incidence, risk factors, and treatment of colorectal anastomotic stenosis in patients who underwent rectosigmoid resection for deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE). DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of prospective database (Canadian Task Force classification III). SETTING: Public Medical Center PATIENTS: All women who underwent laparoscopic rectosigmoid resections for DIE between January 2002 and December 2016...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669684/impact-on-surgical-and-oncological-results-of-the-use-of-colonic-stents-as-a-bridge-to-surgery-for-potentially-curable-occlusive-colorectal-neoplasms
#5
Antònia Crespí-Mir, Juan Manuel Romero-Marcos, Anabel de la Llave-Serralvo, Carlos Dolz-Abadía, José Andrés Cifuentes-Ródenas
INTRODUCTION: The outcomes of patients treated with colonic stents as a bridge to surgery (BTS) have recently been questioned in terms of safety and long-term oncologic outcomes. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects on surgical and oncologic outcomes of colonic stents as a BTS for potentially resectable obstructive colorectal cancer. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of patients operated on for potentially resectable obstructive colorectal cancer with or without distant disease between September 2002 and October 2015, comparing the patients treated with a colonic stent as a BTS (Stent group) with those directly operated on (Surgery group)...
April 15, 2018: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666000/how-does-the-application-of-surgical-components-in-enhanced-recovery-programs-for-colorectal-surgery-change-over-time
#6
Julie Veziant, Daniel Leonard, Bruno Pereira, Karem Slim
BACKGROUND: Enhanced recovery programs (ERP) improve post-operative outcomes in proportion to how fully they are implemented. Maintaining an optimal level of application of all the ER components is thus essential. Our aim was to assess the sustainability of ER surgical components 2 years after their first implementation. METHOD: Patients undergoing elective colorectal resections were included in a prospective database. To retrospectively analyze compliance with ERP over a period of 24 months, the following components were considered: colonic preparation, surgical approach, nasogastric tube omission and absence of abdominal drainage...
April 14, 2018: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664800/randomized-controlled-trial-of-extended-perioperative-counseling-in-enhanced-recovery-after-colorectal-surgery
#7
Håvard Mjørud Forsmo, Christian Erichsen, Anne Rasdal, Jon Meyer Tvinnereim, Hartwig Körner, Frank Pfeffer
BACKGROUND: Enhanced recovery after surgery programs reduce the length of hospital stay in patients who undergo elective colorectal resection, but the reasons for this reduction are not well understood. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to assess the impact of extended perioperative counseling in treatment groups that were otherwise the same with respect to enhanced recovery after surgery criteria. DESIGN: Patients eligible for open or laparoscopic colorectal resection were randomly assigned to extended counseling (repeated information and guidance by a dedicated nurse) or standard counseling...
April 16, 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663330/multicentre-phase-ii-trial-of-near-infrared-imaging-in-elective-colorectal-surgery
#8
F Ris, E Liot, N C Buchs, R Kraus, G Ismael, V Belfontali, J Douissard, C Cunningham, I Lindsey, R Guy, O Jones, B George, P Morel, N J Mortensen, R Hompes, R A Cahill
BACKGROUND: Decreasing anastomotic leak rates remain a major goal in colorectal surgery. Assessing intraoperative perfusion by indocyanine green (ICG) with near-infrared (NIR) visualization may assist in selection of intestinal transection level and subsequent anastomotic vascular sufficiency. This study examined the use of NIR-ICG imaging in colorectal surgery. METHODS: This was a prospective phase II study (NCT02459405) of non-selected patients undergoing any elective colorectal operation with anastomosis over a 3-year interval in three tertiary hospitals...
April 16, 2018: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650919/-a-case-of-treated-with-laparoscopic-surgery-for-intussusception-up-to-the-splenic-flexion-region-due-to-cecum-cancer
#9
Go Masuda, Takeshi Hori, Nozomi Iimori, Tomohiro Lee, Masashige Tendo, Bunzo Nakata, Tetsuro Ishikawa
A 93-year-old woman was admitted to the hospital because of respiratorydiscomfort. A chest CT scan indicated aspiration pneumonitis and, simultaneously, intussusception was observed in the splenic flexure region. Abdominal enhance CT scan revealed a tumor in the advanced region of intussusception. Laparoscopy-assisted ileocecal resection was performed. Since the intussusception was difficult to reduce laparoscopically, the ileocecum was mobilized and the intussusception was reduced manually. In the resected specimen, a type 1 tumor was observed in the cecum and histopathologic ally diagnosed as cercal cancer...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650851/-a-case-of-isolated-lateral-pelvic-lymph-node-recurrence-after-tme-for-early-lower-rectal-cancer-treated-with-laparoscopic-lateral-lymph-node-dissection
#10
Ryuichiro Kimura, Masayoshi Yasui, Masayuki Ohue, Yusuke Takahashi, Norikatsu Miyoshi, Yoshitomo Yanagimoto, Keijiro Sugimura, Akira Tomokuni, Hirofumi Akita, Moon Jeong-Ho, Shogo Kobayashi, Hidenori Takahashi, Takeshi Omori, Yoshiyuki Fujiwara, Hiroshi Miyata, Masahiko Yano, Masato Sakon
There are no established treatment protocol for isolated lateral lymph node recurrence in patients with T1 lower rectal cancer, because such case is very rare. In our institution, this is the only recorded case of lateral node recurrence post-resection. It has been documented in several studies that salvage surgery for colorectal cancer improves prognosis. However, there were only 3 reported cases found for lateral lymph node metastasis from colorectal cancer that underwent excision. In this study, we report a rare case of lateral lymph node recurrence after trans-anal resection for T1 lower rectal cancer wherein we performed laparoscopic right lateral pelvic lymph node dissection...
April 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650830/-curative-resection-for-unresectable-locally-advanced-colorectal-cancer-following-intensive-chemotherapy-plus-molecular-targeted-agent-report-of-three-cases
#11
Yuto Hozaka, Shinichiro Mori, Yoshiaki Kita, Kenji Baba, Takaaki Arigami, Yoshikazu Uenosono, Yasuto Uchikado, Yuko Mataki, Kosei Maemura, Shoji Natsugoe
Intensive chemotherapy plus molecular targeted agent improve overall survival for patients with unresectable colorectal cancer.We performed laparoscopic surgery following intensive chemotherapy of mFOLFOX6 or FOLFIRI plus molecular targeted agent for 3 patients with unresectable locally advanced colorectal cancer with abscess formation.A 60-year-old man was diagnosed as having unresectable rectal cancer with abscess formation and underwent curative resection after partial response following chemotherapy.A 42-year-old woman was diagnosed as having unresectable sigmoid colon cancer with abscess formation and underwent curative resection after partial response following chemotherapy...
April 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643964/more-stapler-firings-increase-the-risk-of-perioperative-morbidity-after-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy
#12
Piotr Major, Michał Wysocki, Michał Pędziwiatr, Magdalena Pisarska, Piotr Małczak, Mateusz Wierdak, Marcin Dembiński, Marcin Migaczewski, Mateusz Rubinkiewicz, Andrzej Budzyński
Introduction: Staple-line bleeding and leakage are the most common serious complications of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. The relationship between multiple stapler firings and higher risk of postoperative complications is well defined in colorectal surgery but has not been addressed in bariatric procedures so far. Identification of new factors such as "the numbers of stapler firings used during laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG)" as a predictor for complications can lead to optimization of the patient care at bariatric centers...
March 2018: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643955/implementation-of-laparoscopic-approach-in-colorectal-surgery-a-single-center-s-experience
#13
Andrzej P Kwiatkowski, Gabriela Stępińska, Edward Stanowski, Krzysztof Paśnik
Introduction: Implementation of the laparoscopic approach in colorectal surgery has not happened as rapidly as in cholecystectomy, because of concerns about oncological safety. The results of controlled trials in multiple centers showed the method to be safe. Consequently, surgeons decided to try the approach with colorectal surgery. This process, in our clinic, began in earnest about four years ago. Aim: To analyze and present the clinical outcomes of applying the laparoscopic approach to colorectal surgery in a single center...
March 2018: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623415/what-have-we-learned-in-minimally-invasive-colorectal-surgery-from-nsqip-and-nis-large-databases-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Gabriela Batista Rodríguez, Andrea Balla, Santiago Corradetti, Carmen Martinez, Pilar Hernández, Jesús Bollo, Eduard M Targarona
BACKGROUND: "Big data" refers to large amount of dataset. Those large databases are useful in many areas, including healthcare. The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) and the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) are big databases that were developed in the USA in order to record surgical outcomes. The aim of the present systematic review is to evaluate the type and clinical impact of the information retrieved through NISQP and NIS big database articles focused on laparoscopic colorectal surgery...
April 6, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621034/role-of-emergency-laparoscopic-colectomy-for-colorectal-cancer-a-population-based-study-in-england
#15
Abigail E Vallance, Deborah S Keller, James Hill, Michael Braun, Angela Kuryba, Jan van der Meulen, Kate Walker, Manish Chand
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate factors associated with the use of laparoscopic surgery and the associated postoperative outcomes for urgent or emergency resection of colorectal cancer in the English National Health Service. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Laparoscopy is increasingly used for elective colorectal cancer surgery, but uptake has been limited in the emergency setting. METHODS: Patients recorded in the National Bowel Cancer Audit who underwent urgent or emergency colorectal cancer resection between April 2010 and March 2016 were included...
April 4, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616421/analysis-of-the-vascular-interrelationships-among-the-first-jejunal-vein-the-superior-mesenteric-artery-and-the-middle-colic-artery
#16
Atsushi Hamabe, SungAe Park, Shunji Morita, Tsukasa Tanida, Yoshito Tomimaru, Hiroshi Imamura, Keizo Dono
BACKGROUND: The technical difficulty of laparoscopic surgery for transverse colon cancer is partly due to the vascular variability around the middle colic vessels. Although individual variations in the arteries or veins in this area were previously investigated, the vascular interrelationships between these vessels remain unknown. This study was designed to investigate the vascular interrelationships between the arteries and veins around the middle colic vessels and to provide practically useful classifications...
April 3, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611154/intracorporeal-ileocolic-anastomosis-in-laparoscopic-right-colectomy-a-new-way-to-make-it-simple
#17
Roberto Rossini, Giorgio Lisi, Irene Gentile, Giuliano Barugola, Giacomo Ruffo
Although there has been a recent increase in the use of laparoscopy in colorectal surgery, the percentage of patients who undergo surgery using entirely minimally invasive techniques is still quite low, and there are substantial differences among centers. It has been argued that the limiting factor in the use of laparoscopic procedures is not the tumor or patient characteristics, but rather the number of surgeons with adequate skills to perform an entirely laparoscopic colectomy. To address this issue, we report here our totally laparoscopic right colectomy technique, with particular focus on a new way to perform the enterotomy closure, which may simplify ileocolic anastomosis...
March 29, 2018: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611153/indocyanine-green-icg-enhanced-fluorescence-for-intraoperative-assessment-of-bowel-microperfusion-during-laparoscopic-and-robotic-colorectal-surgery-the-quest-for-evidence-based-results
#18
Alberto Mangano, Federico Gheza, Liaohai Leo Chen, Eleonora Maddalena Minerva, Pier Cristoforo Giulianotti
Anastomotic leakage is a severe complication after colonic/rectal surgery. One of the most important causes of anastomotic leakage is poor vascular supply. However, microvascular impairment at the anastomotic site is very often not detected intraoperatively by observation under white light. Indocyanine green (ICG)-enhanced fluorescence is a technology that may be useful for detecting microvascular alterations and potentially preventing anastomotic leakage. The aim of this Editorial-Minireview is to briefly and critically assess the literature evidence regarding the feasibility of using an ICG ?uorescent tracer for detecting microvascular changes in the perianastomotic tissue and its potential role in preventing anastomotic leakage...
March 29, 2018: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611044/long-term-oncologic-outcomes-after-laparoscopic-versus-open-rectal-cancer-resection-a-high-quality-population-based-analysis-in-a-southern-german-district
#19
Teresa Draeger, Vinzenz Völkel, Michael Gerken, Monika Klinkhammer-Schalke, Alois Fürst
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of rectal carcinoma resections in Germany and worldwide are performed laparoscopically. The recently published COLOR II trial demonstrated the oncologic safety of this surgical approach. It remains unclear whether these findings can be transferred to clinical practice. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This population-based retrospective cohort study aimed to evaluate 5-year overall, relative, disease-free, and local recurrence-free survival of rectal cancer patients treated by open surgery and laparoscopy...
April 2, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609882/-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-protocol-versus-conventional-perioperative-care-in-colorectal-surgery-a-single-center-cohort-study
#20
Javier Ripollés-Melchor, María Luisa de Fuenmayor Varela, Susana Criado Camargo, Pablo Jerez Fernández, Álvaro Contreras Del Barrio, Eugenio Martínez-Hurtado, Rubén Casans-Francés, Alfredo Abad-Gurumeta, José Manuel Ramírez-Rodríguez, José María Calvo-Vecino
BACKGROUND: Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols consist of a set of perioperative measures aimed at improving patient recovery and decreasing length of stay and postoperative complications. We assess the implementation and outcomes of an ERAS program for colorectal surgery. METHODS: Single center observational study. Data were collected from consecutive patients undergoing open or laparoscopic colorectal surgery during 2 time periods, 3 years before (Pre-ERAS) and 2 years after (Post-ERAS) the implementation of an ERAS protocol...
March 30, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
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