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RPLND for testicular cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754945/decision-analysis-defining-optimal-management-of-clinical-stage-1-high-risk-nonseminomatous-germ-cell-testicular-cancer-with-lymphovascular-invasion
#1
Svetlana Avulova, Clayton Allen, Alicia Morgans, Kelvin A Moses
BACKGROUND: Risk of recurrent disease for men with clinical stage 1 high-risk nonseminomatous germ cell testicular cancer (CS1 NSGCT) with lymphovascular invasion (LVI) after orchiectomy is 50% and current treatment options (surveillance [S], retroperitoneal lymph node dissection [RPLND], or 1 cycle of BEP [BEP ×1]) are associated with a 99% disease specific survival, therefore practice patterns vary. We performed a decision analysis using updated data of long-term complications for men with CS1 NSGCT with LVI to quantify and assess relative treatment values...
May 10, 2018: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728822/robot-assisted-supine-extraperitoneal-retroperitoneal-lymph-node-dissection-a-novel-approach-for-template-dissection-in-post-chemotherapy-residual-mass-in-non-seminomatous-germ-cell-tumours
#2
Ginil Kumar Pooleri, Priyank Bijalwan, Rajesh Kesavan, Arun Philip, Pavithran Keechilat
Robot-assisted retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RA-RPLND) in testicular cancer is conventionally performed through transperitoneal route. We report a case of robot-assisted supine extraperitoneal RPLND (RASE-RPLND), not previously described in the literature, which was performed for post-chemotherapy residual mass in a case of non-seminomatous germ cell tumour (NSGCT). RASE-RPLND apart from providing the benefits of robotic assistance has a significant advantage over transperitoneal approach, as the procedure can be performed in supine position without any bowel handling...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660851/temporal-trends-in-management-and-outcomes-of-testicular-cancer-a-population-based-study
#3
Michael J Leveridge, D Robert Siemens, Kelly Brennan, Jason P Izard, Safiya Karim, Howard An, William J Mackillop, Christopher M Booth
BACKGROUND: Treatment guidelines for early-stage testicular cancer have increasingly recommended de-escalation of therapy with surveillance strategies. This study was designed to describe temporal trends in routine clinical practice and to determine whether de-escalation of therapy is associated with inferior survival in the general population. METHODS: The Ontario Cancer Registry was linked to electronic records of treatment to identify all patients diagnosed with testicular cancer treated with orchiectomy in Ontario during 2000-2010...
April 16, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487620/retroperitoneal-lymph-node-dissection-as-primary-treatment-for-metastatic-seminoma
#4
REVIEW
Brian Hu, Siamak Daneshmand
Reducing the long-term morbidity in testicular cancer survivors represents a major area of interest. External beam radiation therapy and systemic chemotherapy are established treatments for seminoma; however, they are associated with late toxicities such as cardiovascular disease, insulin resistance, and secondary malignancy. Retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND) is a standard treatment for nonseminomatous germ cell tumors (NSGCT) that has minimal long-term morbidity. Given the efficacy of RPLND in management of NSGCT, interest has developed in this surgery as a front-line treatment for seminoma with isolated lymph node metastasis to the retroperitoneum...
2018: Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474141/robot-assisted-retroperitoneal-lymphadenectomy-in-testicular-cancer-treatment-a-systematic-review
#5
Aggelos Tselos, Demetrios Moris, Diamantis I Tsilimigras, Evangelos Fragkiadis, Eustratia Mpaili, Panagiotis Sakarellos, Michail Vailas, Kevin N Shah, Alexandros Papalampros
INTRODUCTION: Retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND) in testicular cancer is a documented treatment along with active surveillance and chemotherapy. This study aims to summarize the current evidence on the use of Robot-assisted RPLND (RARPLND) in comparison with the laparoscopic and open approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A search was conducted in the existing literature focusing on reports with outcomes of RARPLND for stage I-IIB testicular tumor. RESULTS: Eleven studies complied with the inclusion criteria, including 116 patients...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382456/a-contemporary-population-based-study-of-testicular-sex-cord-stromal-tumours-presentation-treatment-patterns-and-predictors-of-outcome
#6
Lindsay M Yuh, Primo N Lara, Rebecca M Wagenaar, Christopher P Evans, Marc A Dall'era, Rosemary Cress, Stanley A Yap
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to characterize demographic distribution, patient outcomes, and prognostic features of testicular sex cord stromal tumours (SCST) using a large statewide database. METHODS: Adult male patients diagnosed with SCST between 1988 and 2010 were identified within the California Cancer Registry (CCR). Baseline demographic variables and disease characteristics were reported. Primary outcome measures were cancer-specific survival (CSS) and overall survival (OS)...
September 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215949/laparoscopic-retroperitoneal-lymph-node-dissection-as-a-safe-procedure-for-postchemotherapy-residual-mass-in-testicular-cancer
#7
Eliney Ferreira Faria, Hugo Silva Neves, Breno Dauster, Roberto Dias Machado, Wesley Justino Magnabosco, Roberto Lodeiro Muller, Alexandre César Santos, Marcos Tobias-Machado
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the feasibility, clinical and perioperative outcomes of laparoscopic retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (L-RPLND) in the management of patients with germ cell tumors (GCT) and residual post-chemotherapy mass. METHODS: We report our experience of 25 patients treated with L-RPLND between 2008 and 2015. All 25 patients were diagnosed with GCT by primary pathological evaluation of the specimens after orchiectomy. All patients received cisplatin-based chemotherapy...
February 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135122/the-role-of-the-multidisciplinary-team-in-the-decision-making-process-in-stage-one-testicular-cancer-retrospective-cohort-analysis
#8
Tomislav Omrcen, Andrija Katic, Eduard Vrdoljak
PURPOSE: To analyze the role of a multidisciplinary team (MDT) in the decision-making process in clinical stage one (CS I) testicular cancer (TC). METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated data on 115 consecutive patients with CS I TC (excluding stage IS) who were referred to the Department of Oncology, University Hospital of Split, Croatia, from 2003 to 2012. Fifty-six patients (48.7%) were referred between 2003 and 2007, before the introduction of the MDT and 59 patients (51...
September 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104087/long-term-survival-of-good-risk-germ-cell-tumor-patients-after-postchemotherapy-retroperitoneal-lymph-node-dissection-a-comparison-of-bep%C3%A2-%C3%A3-3-vs-ep%C3%A2-%C3%A3-4-and-treating-institution
#9
Clint Cary, Joseph M Jacob, Costantine Albany, Timothy A Masterson, Nasser H Hanna, Lawrence H Einhorn, Richard S Foster
BACKGROUND: Patients with International Germ Cell Cancer Collaborative Group (IGCCCG) good-risk testicular cancer might receive either 4 cycles of etoposide and cisplatin (EP × 4) or 3 cycles of bleomycin, etoposide, and cisplatin (BEP × 3). We sought to examine differences in survival after retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (PC-RPLND) between patients who received EP × 4 compared with BEP × 3. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The Indiana University Testis Cancer database was queried to identify IGCCCG good-risk PC-RPLND patients who received either EP × 4 or BEP × 3 induction chemotherapy...
October 16, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026972/retroperitoneal-lymph-node-dissection-for-testicular-seminomas-population-based-practice-and-survival-outcomes
#10
Hiten D Patel, Gregory A Joice, Zeyad R Schwen, Alice Semerjian, Ridwan Alam, Arnav Srivastava, Mohamad E Allaf, Phillip M Pierorazio
PURPOSE: While retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND) is traditionally reserved for nonseminomatous germ cell tumors, recent efforts to reduce long-term toxicities of radiation and chemotherapy have turned attention to its application for testicular seminomas. Currently, RPLND is reserved for the post-chemotherapy for stage II testicular seminomas; we aimed to describe current utilization of RPNLD for testicular seminomas by stage and implications for survival. METHODS: A national sample of men diagnosed with stage IA/IB/IS/IIA/IIB/IIC testicular seminoma (1988-2013) was evaluated from SEER Program registries...
January 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021655/robot-assisted-retroperitoneal-lymph-node-dissection-feasibility-and-outcome-in-postchemotherapy-residual-mass-in-testicular-cancer
#11
Amitabh Singh, Smaranjit Chatterjee, Prashant Bansal, Abhishek Bansal, Sudhir Rawal
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to evaluate the surgical feasibility, complication, and oncological outcome of robot-assisted retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RA-RPLND) in patients of testicular tumor with postchemotherapy residual retroperitoneal mass. METHODS: A total of 13 patients underwent RA-RPLND between January 2012 and September 2016 at our institute. A study was started on December 2015, so data were collected retrospectively and prospectively regarding patient demography, tumor characteristics, surgical, pathological outcome, and oncological outcome...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Urology: IJU: Journal of the Urological Society of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935185/impact-of-hospital-case-volume-on-testicular-cancer-outcomes-and-practice-patterns
#12
Solomon L Woldu, Justin T Matulay, Timothy N Clinton, Nirmish Singla, Laura-Maria Krabbe, Ryan C Hutchinson, Arthur Sagalowsky, Yair Lotan, Vitaly Margulis, Aditya Bagrodia
BACKGROUND: Given the rarity of testicular germ cell tumors (TGCTs) and the complex aspects of management, we evaluate the effect of hospital TGCT case volume on overall survival outcomes and practice patterns. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The National Cancer Database was queried for patients diagnosed with seminoma or nonseminomatous germ cell tumor (NSGCT). Hospitals were classified by case volume as high (99th percentile, ≥26.1 cases annually), high-intermediate (95-99th percentile, 14...
January 2018: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325537/midline-extraperitoneal-approach-to-retroperitoneal-lymph-node-dissection-in-testicular-cancer-minimizing-surgical-morbidity
#13
Sumeet Syan-Bhanvadia, Soroush T Bazargani, Thomas G Clifford, Jie Cai, Gus Miranda, Siamak Daneshmand
BACKGROUND: Retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND) is an important component of the management of testicular germ cell tumor (GCT) but carries significant surgical morbidity. OBJECTIVE: To describe our experience with a midline extraperitoneal (EP) approach to RPLND for seminomatous and nonseminomatous GCT. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: From 2010 to 2015, 122 consecutive patients underwent RPLND from a prospective database. Patients requiring aortic resection or retrocrural dissection or with intraperitoneal disease were excluded...
November 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296054/modified-retroperitoneal-lymph-node-dissection-for-post-chemotherapy-residual-tumour-a-long-term-update
#14
Jane S Cho, Hristos Z Kaimakliotis, Clint Cary, Timothy A Masterson, Stephen Beck, Richard Foster
OBJECTIVE: To update previously reported outcomes of modified-template post-chemotherapy retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (PC-RPLND) in appropriately selected patients with metastatic non-seminomatous germ cell tumour (NSGCT), as our previous report was criticised for short follow-up and so we now provide a long-term update on this cohort. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In all, 100 patients with normal serum markers after cisplatin-based chemotherapy and residual retroperitoneal tumour underwent modified PC-RPLND between 1991 and 2004...
July 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150168/retroperitoneal-lymph-node-dissection-an-update-in-testicular-malignancies
#15
REVIEW
K Yadav
Management of testicular cancer has evolved through many breakthroughs. The decades of zeal to improve oncologic adequacy and to decrease morbidity has led to the current scientific knowledge of retroperitoneal lymph node dissection templates. Retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND) has potential for staging, prognostication and therapeutic importance in the management of testicular malignancy. RPLND has overcome limitations of current imaging which understage 30% of stage I disease and overstage 25-30% of stage II disease...
July 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879966/andrological-complications-following-retroperitoneal-lymph-node-dissection-for-testicular-cancer
#16
REVIEW
Alessandro Crestani, Francesco Esperto, Marta Rossanese, Gianluca Giannarini, Nicola Nicolai, Vincenzo Ficarra
Retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND) is a fundamental surgical step in the treatment of testicular cancer. Nowadays, primary RPLND has partially lost its role in favour of active surveillance (for low risk stage I disease) and short cycle chemotherapy in non-seminomatous germ cell tumor (NSGCT). Conversely, post-chemotherapy RPLND (PC-RPLND) remains the standard treatment for residual masses after chemotherapy. In consideration of curability rate of testicular cancer and the life expectancy of testicular cancer survivors the identification and the prevention of andrological complications became fundamental...
June 2017: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859263/post-chemotherapy-retroperitoneal-teratoma-in-nonseminomatous-germ-cell-tumors-do-predictive-factors-exist-results-from-a-national-multicenter-study
#17
MULTICENTER STUDY
Marie Dusaud, Bernard Malavaud, Younes Bayoud, Philippe Sebe, Jean Luc Hoepffner, Laurent Salomon, Alain Houlgatte, Géraldine Pignot, Jérome Rigaud, Aude Fléchon, Christian Pfister, Morgan Rouprêt, Michel Soulié, Arnaud Méjean, Xavier Durand
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To identify predictive preoperative factors of the presence of teratoma in retroperitoneal lymph node dissection specimens. METHODS: We performed a 20 years multicenter retrospective analysis of all patients who underwent retroperitoneal lymph node dissection for residual masses after chemotherapy (PC-RPLND). Patients had undergone PC-RPLND after chemotherapy for advanced testicular cancer. The histologic components of the primary tumor were compared with those of the residual masses using logistic regression...
December 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831507/surgical-management-of-complex-residual-masses-following-systemic-chemotherapy-for-metastatic-testicular-germ-cell-tumours
#18
A Heidenreich, F Haidl, P Paffenholz, Ch Pape, U Neumann, D Pfister
Background: Post-chemotherapy retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy (PC-RPLND) represents the treatment of choice in patients with residual masses following chemotherapy for metastatic germ cell tumours. Involvement of major retroperitoneal vessels or thoracic/lumbar spine is rare and challenging but needs complete resection for curative intent. We report on our experience in the management of such complex cases. Patients and methods: A total of 185 patients underwent PC-RPLND and we identified 25 (13...
February 1, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618772/management-of-stage-i-testicular-germ-cell-tumours
#19
REVIEW
Michal Chovanec, Nasser Hanna, K Clint Cary, Lawrence Einhorn, Costantine Albany
Clinical stage I testicular germ cell tumours (TGCT) are highly curable neoplasms. The treatment of stage I testicular cancer is complex and requires a multidisciplinary approach. Standard options after radical orchiectomy for seminoma include active surveillance, radiation therapy or 1-2 cycles of carboplatin, and options for nonseminoma include active surveillance, retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND) or 1-2 cycles of bleomycin plus etoposide plus cisplatin (BEP). All the options should be discussed with each patient and treatment choices should be made by shared decision making as virtually all patients with clinical stage I TGCT can be cured of their disease...
November 2016: Nature Reviews. Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27460844/post-chemotherapy-robotic-bilateral-retroperitoneal-lymph-node-dissection-using-a-novel-single-dock-technique
#20
Thomas E Stout, Samit D Soni, Alvin C Goh
There have been no previous reports of post-chemotherapy robotic bilateral retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND) using a single-dock technique. One deterrent of robotic RPLND is that accessing bilateral retroperitoneal spaces requires patient reposition and surgical robot redocking, therefore increasing operative time. Herein we provide the first step-by-step description of a single-dock technique for robotic bilateral RPLND in the post-chemotherapy setting. We describe port placement and technique for robot positioning to optimize access to bilateral retroperitoneal spaces with a single dock...
December 2016: Journal of Robotic Surgery
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