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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783262/-analysis-of-final-judgements-in-cases-of-medical-negligence-occurred-in-ukraine
#1
Valentyn V Franchuk, Svitlana V Trach Rosolovska, Petro R Selskyy, Anna Z Mykolenko, Petro Ya Bodnar
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The peculiarities of the disadvantages of providing medical care in Ukraine are not well-known abroad. The aim: To study the peculiarities of court decisions in cases of unfavorable consequences of medical activity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The article analyzes the official data of the General Prosecutor's Office of Ukraine and the website of court decisions regarding criminal cases against medical practitioners. RESULTS: Review: Approximately 600 cases of alleged medical malpractice cases are registered annually in Ukraine...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783244/some-features-of-the-behavior-of-alcohol-dependent-persons
#2
Ihor М Karpinets, Oksana V Marusyn
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Alcoholism is characterized by psychological dependence and changes in human behavior, which affects the person's relationship with the social environment. The aim: to determine the behavior of alcohol dependent persons basing on the retrospective study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: On the basis of narcological offices of healthcare establishments and narcological clinic in Ivano-Frankivsk oblast, 552 people being in follow-up by a narcologist as addicted or abused have been examined for a specially developed extended program based on a standardized AUDIT screening test...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783212/changes-in-biochemical-parameters-of-oral-fluid-in-patients-during-the-orthodontic-treatment-with-a-bracket-system-under-the-action-of-a-developed-mucosal-gel-with-probiotic
#3
Anna V Voronkova, Lyubov V Smaglyuk
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Many research studies involving orthodontic patients focus on changes in levels of oral microbiocenosis after bracket placement. Based upon this the objective of the current study was to determine the effect of the developed mucosal gel with probiotics on the biochemical parameters of the oral fluid of patients during the orthodontic treatment with a bracket system. The aim: Aim of our study is to determine the effect of the developed mucosal gel with probiotics on the biochemical parameters of the oral fluid of patients during the orthodontic treatment with a bracket system...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782372/keeping-up-with-today-s-top-health-law-issues-to-avoid-a-nasty-surprise
#4
Joseph Baar Topinka
Just as in fictional television shows and movies, reality in the healthcare industry sometimes includes complications, disruptions, glitches, and nasty surprises. This article reviews several important legal topics, including emergency planning, privacy, fraud, public health, and ethics, to name only a few. Healthcare administrators are not expected to be attorneys or compliance officers, but they must appreciate (or at least be sensitive to) the legal and regulatory issues facing their organizations.
2018: Frontiers of Health Services Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782333/the-role-of-clinic-blood-pressure-for-the-diagnosis-of-hypertension
#5
Mohamed Ayan, Sabeeda Kadarath, Patrick T Campbell
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recent data from randomized clinical trials and updates to hypertension guidelines warrant a review of the literature for the diagnosis and management of hypertension in the clinic setting. Although there have been significant advances in ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring and home BP monitoring, office BP (OBP) measurements remains the primary means of diagnosis and treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: The current review focuses on updated guidelines, proper technique, device selection, and the recent controversy regarding unattended BP measurements...
May 17, 2018: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782269/-assessment-of-efficacy-of-combined-pharmacotherapy-with-fixed-perindopril-amlodipine-combination-in-patients-with-combined-cardiovascular-pathology-in-outpatient-practice
#6
E I Bezuglova, Y V Luneva, A A Kornilov, S V Povetkin
AIM: to study effects of using fixed perindopril/amlodipine combination in complex treatment of patients with combined cardiac pathology in active observation mode, in comparison with other angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE inhibitors) or angiotensin II receptor antagonists (ARA), including free combination with calcium channel blockers (CCB) in conditions of routine outpatient practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The design of the study included two stages: I - monitoring effectiveness of pharmacotherapy performed in routine outpatient practice (duration of 2 months), II - "active treatment (management)" - changing the pharmacotherapy scheme in patients who did not reach the target level of "office" blood pressure (BP), monitoring patients for 6 months and carrying out, if necessary, dose correction of the newly appointed treatment regimen...
March 2018: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781910/superior-baseplate-inclination-is-associated-with-instability-after-reverse-total-shoulder-arthroplasty
#7
Robert Z Tashjian, Brook I Martin, Cassandra A Ricketts, Heath B Henninger, Erin K Granger, Peter N Chalmers
BACKGROUND: Instability is the most common complication after reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (rTSA). In the native glenohumeral joint, in addition to full dislocations, more subtle forms of instability exist. However, the incidence of more subtle forms of instability, the factors associated with instability, and the effect of instability on validated outcome scores after rTSA remain poorly understood. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) After rTSA, what is the risk of instability, including more subtle forms of subjective instability? (2) What are the factors associated with instability? (3) Are more subtle forms of instability associated with lower American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) functional outcome scores than those patients without instability? METHODS: A total of 168 rTSAs were performed during the study period...
May 17, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781691/enabling-factors-for-specialist-outreach-in-western-kwazulu-natal
#8
Robert I Caldwell, Merridy Grant, Bernard Gaede, Colleen Aldous
BACKGROUND: There exists a major disparity in access to specialist care between patients in urban and rural areas. Specialists are a scarce resource and are concentrated in urban areas. Specialist outreach attempts to fill the gap in service provision for patients situated remotely. While there is international evidence that multifaceted specialist outreach has achieved varying levels of success, factors that influence the effectiveness of outreach have not yet been fully elucidated in South Africa...
May 17, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781689/the-impact-of-family-physician-supply-on-district-health-system-performance-clinical-processes-and-clinical-outcomes-in-the-western-cape-province-south-africa-2011-2014
#9
Rekai L Chinhoyi, Moleen Zunza, Klaus B Von Pressentin
BACKGROUND:  A revised family physician (FP) training programme was introduced in South Africa in 2007. A baseline assessment (2011) of the impact of FP supply on district health system performance was performed within the Western Cape Province, South Africa. The impact of an increased FP supply within this province required re-evaluation. AIM:  To assess the impact of FP supply on indicators of district health system performance, clinical processes and clinical outcomes in the Western Cape Province...
April 19, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781434/emro-regional-director-to-be-elected-to-head-office
#10
John Zarocostas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 12, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781286/medical-therapy-versus-balloon-sinus-dilation-in-adults-with-chronic-rhinosinusitis-merlot-12-month-follow-up
#11
J Pablo Stolovitzky, Neelesh Mehendale, Keith E Matheny, William J Brown, Anthony A Rieder, Douglas R Liepert, Ewen Tseng, Andrew Gould
Background Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a devastating disease affecting nearly 30 million people in the United States. An interim analysis of data from the present study suggested that, in patients who had previously failed medical therapy, balloon sinus dilation (BSD) plus medical management (MM) provides a significant improvement in the quality of life (QOL) at 24 weeks postprocedure compared to MM alone. Objective The primary objective of this final analysis was to evaluate the durability of treatment effects through the 52-week follow-up...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780033/public-attitudes-in-england-towards-the-sharing-of-personal-data-following-a-mass-casualty-incident-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
G James Rubin, Rebecca Webster, Antonia N Rubin, Richard Amlot, Nick Grey, Neil Greenberg
OBJECTIVES: To assess public attitudes towards data sharing to facilitate a mental health screening programme for people caught up in a mass casualty incident. DESIGN: Two, identical, cross-sectional, online surveys, using quotas to ensure demographic representativeness of people aged 18-65 years in England. Participants were randomly allocated to consider a scenario in which they witness a terrorism-related radiation incident or mass shooting, after which a police officer records their contact details...
May 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779544/prescribing-practices-of-rural-physicians-waivered-to-prescribe-buprenorphine
#13
C Holly A Andrilla, Cynthia Coulthard, Davis G Patterson
INTRODUCTION: Opioid use disorder is a serious public health burden, especially throughout rural America. Although efforts have been made to increase the availability of buprenorphine (an office-based medication-assisted treatment), more than 60% of rural counties in the U.S. lack a physician with a Drug Enforcement Administration waiver to prescribe it. METHODS: This study surveyed all rural physicians with a Drug Enforcement Administration waiver in 2016 to prescribe buprenorphine for opioid use disorder in the U...
June 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778610/a-decade-of-tevar-in-new-york-state-volumes-outcomes-and-implications-for-the-dissemination-of-endovascular-technology
#14
Jordan R Stern, Tianyi Sun, Jialin Mao, Art Sedrakyan, Andrew J Meltzer
INTRODUCTION: /Objectives: The purpose of this study was to characterize utilization and outcomes of TEVAR in New York State during the first decade of commercial availability, with respect to evolving indications, results, and costs. Of specific interest was evaluation of the volume-outcome relationship for this relatively uncommon procedure. METHODS: The New York Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System (SPARCS) database was queried to identify patients undergoing TEVAR from 2005-2014 for aortic dissection (AD), non-ruptured aneurysm (NRA), and ruptured aneurysm (RA)...
May 17, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778108/rotation-of-a-toric-intraocular-lens-from-neodymium-yag-laser-posterior-capsulotomy
#15
Clemens Kaindlstorfer, Mario Kneifl, Peter Reinelt, Ulrich Schönherr
A 77-year-old man had cataract surgery in the left eye in March 2017. A toric intraocular lens (IOL) was implanted because of astigmatism. The postoperative meridian of the IOL was located nearly exactly in the planned meridian, which was controlled 1 week later with ray-tracing aberrometry (iTrace) and the smartphone application Axis Assistant. The referring ophthalmologist proceeded directly with a neodymium:YAG (Nd:YAG) laser posterior capsulotomy in his own office, after which the meridian of the implanted toric IOL was rotated more than 115 degrees...
April 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777094/biological-monitoring-and-lung-function-assessment-among-workers-exposed-to-chromium-in-the-ceramic-industry
#16
Fatemeh Kargar Shouroki, Seyed Jamaleddin Shahtaheri, Farideh Golbabaei, Abolfazle Barkhordari, Abbas Rahimi-Froushani
BACKGROUND: Chromium exposure occurs in various industries such as ceramics industry. The main disadvantage of chromium is high toxicity when absorbed by the body. This study aimed to determine and compare urinary chromium values in the pre- and post-shift of ceramic glazers and the control group; investigate urinary chromium value according to the study variables; compare pulmonary function tests between ceramic glazers vs. the control group. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776626/insomnia-symptoms-and-their-association-with-workplace-productivity-cross-sectional-and-pre-post-intervention-analyses-from-a-large-multinational-manufacturing-company
#17
Colin A Espie, Brent Pawlecki, Dickon Waterfield, Kit Fitton, Michael Radocchia, Annemarie I Luik
BACKGROUND: Symptoms of insomnia are common and might impact work productivity. We investigated the relationship between insomnia symptoms and workplace productivity in a global manufacturing company. METHODS: Within an uncontrolled, cross-sectional study, employees from a US-based company were invited to participate in an online evaluation comprising the Sleep Condition Indicator (SCI) measuring symptoms of insomnia (high score indicating better sleep), 2 items of the Work Productivity and Impairment Index (WPAI) measuring 'presenteeism' and 'absenteeism' (high score indicating loss of work productivity) and 1 item of the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) from January 2015 onwards...
June 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776596/surgical-procedures-in-health-professional-shortage-areas-impact-of-a-surgical-incentive-payment-plan
#18
Adrian Diaz, Katiuscha Merath, Fabio Bagante, Qinyu Chen, Ozgur Akgul, Eliza Beal, Jay Idrees, Griffin Olsen, Faiz Gani, Timothy M Pawlik
INTRODUCTION: The Affordable Care Act established a Center for Medicare/Medicaid Services based 10% reimbursement bonus for general surgeons in Health Professional Shortage Areas. We sought to assess the impact of the Affordable Care Act Surgery Incentive Payment on surgical procedures performed in Health Professional Shortage Areas. METHODS: Hospital utilization data from the California Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development between January 1, 2006, and December 31, 2015, were used to categorize hospitals according to Health Professional Shortage Area location...
May 15, 2018: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775830/characterization-of-metals-in-indoor-dusts-from-electronic-workshops-cybercaf%C3%A3-s-and-offices-in-southern-nigeria-implications-for-on-site-human-exposure
#19
Chukwujindu M A Iwegbue, Grace Obi, Onoriode O Emoyan, Eze W Odali, Francis E Egobueze, Godswill O Tesi, Godwin E Nwajei, Bice S Martincigh
The levels of Cd, Pb, Cr, Ni, Cu, Co, Ba, Mn, Zn, Al and Fe were evaluated in indoor dusts from electronic workshops, cybercafés and offices in southern Nigeria. The study was aimed at providing information on the distribution patterns, and the associated risks that may arise from exposure of humans to these metals in indoor dusts from the three work environments. The dust samples were digested with aqua-regia and analyzed for the metal concentrations by inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES)...
May 15, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775135/sex-offender-supervision-communication-training-and-mutual-respect-are-necessary-for-effective-collaboration-between-probation-officers-and-therapists
#20
Nicholas P Newstrom, Michael Miner, Chris Hoefer, R Karl Hanson, Beatrice Bean E Robinson
Developed with the goal of preventing recidivism, contemporary sex offender supervision models focus on collaboration between probation officers and therapists. This exploratory study used focus groups to examine the working relationships between probation officers and therapists from two large U.S. urban probation departments. Overall, both probation officers and therapists were quite positive about their working relationships; they valued each others' roles and agreed that regular, accurate, and timely communication occurred frequently...
May 1, 2018: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
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