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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926944/coach-cv-the-seven-clinical-phenotypes-of-concussion
#1
Neil Craton, Haitham Ali, Stephane Lenoski
Our understanding of the diverse physiological manifestations of concussion is changing rapidly. This has an influence on the clinical assessment of patients who have sustained a concussion. The 2017 Consensus Statement on Concussion in Sport states that numerous post-injury clinical findings, such as cognitive deficits, post-traumatic headaches, dizziness, difficulties with oculomotor function, and depression have all been associated with a poorer prognosis in concussed patients. This demonstrates that there are several potential clinical manifestations after head injury warranting clinical evaluation...
September 16, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926592/polish-physicians-cooperation-with-the-pharmaceutical-industry-and-its-potential-impact-on-public-health
#2
Marta Makowska
OBJECTIVE: This article aims to describe how Polish physicians cooperate with the pharmaceutical industry and show how this relationship may pose a threat to public health. METHODS: It considers the results of an online survey of 379 physicians. The survey was hosted by surveymonkey.com with links from a Polish physicians' website (Medycyna Praktyczna) between 29 October 2013 and 31 December 2013. The sample was purposive, respondents having to be physicians working in Poland...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926371/residential-agricultural-pesticide-exposures-and-risks-of-spontaneous-preterm-birth
#3
Gary M Shaw, Wei Yang, Eric M Roberts, Susan E Kegley, David K Stevenson, Suzan L Carmichael, Paul B English
BACKGROUND: Pesticides exposures are aspects of the human exposome that have not been sufficiently studied for their contribution to risk for preterm birth. We investigated risks of spontaneous preterm birth from potential residential exposures to 543 individual chemicals and 69 physicochemical groupings that were applied in the San Joaquin Valley of California during the study period, 1998-2011. METHODS: The study population was derived from birth certificate data linked with Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development maternal and infant hospital discharge data...
September 18, 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925986/association-between-emotional-symptoms-and-job-demands-in-an-asian-electronics-factory
#4
Wei-Lieh Huang, Yue Leon Guo, Pau-Chung Chen, Jui Wang, Po-Ching Chu
Various work-related issues including mental health have been described for the electronic industry. Although East Asian countries play important roles in the electronics industry, the association between job demands and emotional symptoms has been rarely examined. The present study recruited 603 workers from either office or clean room environments in an electronics factory in Taiwan. Their personal factors, work-related factors, and emotional symptoms were assessed by a self-administered questionnaire. The symptoms of depression and hostility were reported in 24...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925862/biofactories-for-the-production-of-recombinant-phytases-and-its-application-in-animal-feed-industry
#5
Thais P P de Souza, Resyla M da Mariano, Mariana S Vieira, Suliana F V Andrade, Renato R Godoi, Ana Flavia A Gonçalves, Luciana P Naves, William J N Lima, Daniel B Gonçalves, Mariana Campos da Paz, Alexsandro S Galdino
BACKGROUND: Phytases are enzymes capable of degrading phytic acid and are used in animal feed supplementation in order to improve digestibility through the release of minerals such as phosphorus. Recent inventions show interest in production and optimization of recombinant phytases with biochemical and physicochemical characteristics promising for animal feed industry. METHODS: This review article is focused on relevant patents of the promising phytases, as well as the commonly used expression systems for its production, and also the tools currently used to generate new phytases...
September 15, 2017: Recent Patents on Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925637/hair-loss-common-causes-and-treatment
#6
T Grant Phillips, W Paul Slomiany, Robert Allison
Hair loss is often distressing and can have a significant effect on the patient's quality of life. Patients may present to their family physician first with diffuse or patchy hair loss. Scarring alopecia is best evaluated by a dermatologist. Nonscarring alopecias can be readily diagnosed and treated in the family physician's office. Androgenetic alopecia can be diagnosed clinically and treated with minoxidil. Alopecia areata is diagnosed by typical patches of hair loss and is self-limited. Tinea capitis causes patches of alopecia that may be erythematous and scaly and must be treated systemically...
September 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925635/diabetes-self-management-facilitating-lifestyle-change
#7
Marlon Russell Koenigsberg, Jennifer Corliss
Healthy eating and increased physical activity can prevent or delay the onset of diabetes mellitus and facilitate diabetes management. Current guidelines recommend long-term weight loss of 5% to 7% of body weight and 150 minutes of at least moderate-intensity physical activity per week for most patients with prediabetes and diabetes. Techniques to assess and facilitate adherence to these lifestyle changes can be practical in primary care. During office visits, physicians should assess and gradually encourage patients' readiness to work toward change...
September 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923613/demographic-characteristics-of-voluntary-donors-registered-in-beijing-tongren-hospital-eye-bank-of-china-a-retrospective-study-from-2007-to-2016
#8
Y Liu, Y N Zhang, Y Liu, J Zhang, A P Li, Q F Liang, Z Q Pan
BACKGROUND: Lack of willingness to pledge eyes among the general population is the main cause for the shortage of cornea tissue in China. A few studies have implied that general-population adults with specific demographics showed more willingness to donate their eyes. METHODS: In this study, we analyzed the demographic characteristics of 918 voluntary donors registered in Beijing Tongren Hospital Eye Bank in the past 10 years for possible predictors that might help us to identify potential donors in Beijing and increase the donation rate...
October 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923337/monitoring-sedentary-patterns-in-office-employees-validity-of-an-m-health-tool-walk-work-app-for-occupational-health
#9
Judit Bort-Roig, Anna Puig-Ribera, Ruth S Contreras, Emilia Chirveches-Pérez, Joan C Martori, Nicholas D Gilson, Jim McKenna
OBJECTIVE: This study validated the Walk@Work-Application (W@W-App) for measuring occupational sitting and stepping. METHODS: The W@W-App was installed on the smartphones of office-based employees (n=17; 10 women; 26±3 years). A prescribed 1-hour laboratory protocol plus two continuous hours of occupational free-living activities were performed. Intra-class correlation coefficients (ICC) compared mean differences of sitting time and step count measurements between the W@W-App and criterion measures (ActivPAL3TM and SW200Yamax Digi-Walker)...
September 15, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922463/declining-social-mobility-evidence-from-five-linked-censuses-in-england-and-wales-1971-2011
#10
Franz Buscha, Patrick Sturgis
In this paper we add to the existing evidence base on recent trends in inter-generational social mobility in England and Wales. We analyse data from the Office for National Statistics Longitudinal Study (ONS-LS), which links individual records from the five decennial censuses between 1971 and 2011. The ONS-LS is an excellent data resource for the study of social mobility because it has a very large sample size, excellent population coverage and low rates of nonresponse and attrition across waves. Additionally, the structure of the study means that we can observe the occupations of LS-members' parents when they were children and follow their own progress in the labour market at regular intervals into middle age...
September 18, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922318/vaccination-during-pregnancy-first-line-of-defense-for-expecting-mothers-and-vulnerable-young-infants
#11
Casidhe-Nicole Bethancourt, Tiffany L Wang, Joseph A Bocchini
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Maternal vaccination is a well-tolerated and effective way to protect mothers, their developing fetuses, and their young infants from infectious diseases. Although influenza vaccine and diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine are recommended for all pregnant women, uptake rates in the United States remain low. This review will focus on the rationale, scientific evidence, and perceptions of vaccination during pregnancy. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies show that administration of influenza and Tdap vaccines during pregnancy is well tolerated and provides protection to the pregnant woman, her fetus, and young infant...
September 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922173/accommodating-individuals-with-traumatic-brain-injury-an-analysis-of-employer-initiated-cases-handled-by-the-job-accommodation-network
#12
D J Hendricks, Elaine Sampson
BACKGROUND: The Job Accommodation Network (JAN) has provided customized accommodation information to employers, individuals with disabilities, and their representatives (e.g., family, rehabilitation counselors, union representatives) since 1983. For each inquiry where such information is sought, detailed records are maintained regarding the type of inquiries made and the information provided. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the current study is to present a descriptive analysis of the employer-initiated cases related to traumatic brain injury (TBI) handled by the accommodation specialists at JAN during the five years from 2012 through 2016...
September 14, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922084/abstracts-from-the-nih-office-of-research-on-women-s-health-2017-annual-bircwh-meeting-building-interdisciplinary-research-careers-in-women-s-health-october-25-20172017-annual-meeting-of-the-building-interdisciplinary-research-careers-in-women-s-health-program
#13
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921600/injury-patterns-sustained-in-fatal-motor-vehicle-collisions-with-driver-s-third-generation-airbag-deployment
#14
Mariya Kuk, Michael J Shkrum
The Office of the Chief Coroner for Ontario database for 2011-2012 was used to compare fatal injury patterns in drivers whose third-generation airbags deployed compared to first- and second-generation airbag deployments and airbag nondeployments with and without seatbelt use. There were 110 frontal and offset frontal crashes analyzed. The small sample size meant that the odds of craniocerebral, cervical spinal, thoracic, and abdominal injuries were not statistically different for airbag generation, deployment status, and seatbelt use; however, the risk of fatal thoracic injuries in third- and second-generation cases was increased...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921548/smoking-cessation-and-response-to-periodontal-treatment
#15
REVIEW
Foteini Alexandridi, Sotiria Tsantila, Eudoxie Pepelassi
Smoking has detrimental oral effects. The aim of this study was to review the literature related to the impact of smoking cessation on periodontal health, periodontal disease and periodontal treatment outcome as well as to review the smoking cessation strategies and the dentist's role in the smoking cessation effort. Smoking cessation seems to have a positive effect on the periodontium, to decrease the risk for incidence and progression of periodontitis and to lead to a non-significant trend for greater mean probing depth reductions after non-surgical treatment over a 12-month period...
September 16, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921014/-legal-medicine-specialists-within-the-framework-of-acute-care-analysis-of-legal-medicine-consultations-in-relation-to-the-victims-statistics-of-the-state-office-of-criminal-investigation-in-saxony-anhalt
#16
G Pliske, S Heide, B Lucas, K Brandstädter, F Walcher, S Kropf, R Lessig, S Piatek
BACKGROUND: In acute medical care, there are patients who have been injured by the influence of others. The aim of this study was to analyze all cases which were presented to the Institute for Legal Medicine of the University Halle (Saale). The cases where analyzed in relation to the victims' statistics of the state office of criminal investigation in Saxony-Anhalt. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The consultations of the Institute for Legal Medicine Halle-Wittenberg for 2012-2015 were evaluated with regard to the age and gender distribution, the reasons for the consultation and time until the request for consultations...
September 18, 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920775/laparoscopic-assisted-insertion-of-a-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-in-a-rescued-asiatic-black-bear-ursus-thibetanus-in-laos
#17
Romain Pizzi, Jonathan Mark Cracknell, Andrew C Kitchener, Nev Broadis, Denise Laughlin, Kirsty Officer, Yolanda Martinez Pereira, Matt Hunt
A 3-yr-old Asiatic black bear (Ursus thibetanus), weighing 68 kg, underwent a laparoscopic-assisted placement of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt for hydrocephalus in the Lao People's Democratic Republic. Rescued as a young cub with a notably domed head, the bear's condition had deteriorated with age, but euthanasia was not a viable option because of cultural issues. Surgery was attempted as a palliative measure. The bear had ventrally orientated crossed eyes (abducens nerve palsy and dorsal midbrain syndrome), papilledema, severe rhinorrhea, depressed mentation, lethargy, a very poor appetite, and was stunted...
September 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920724/canadian-military-nurse-deaths-in-the-first-world-war
#18
Dianne Dodd
This paper examines the lives of sixty-one Canadian Nursing Sisters who served during the First World War, and whose deaths were attributed, more or less equally, to three categories: general illness, Spanish Influenza, and killed in action. The response by Canadian Army Medical Corps (CAMC) physicians to the loss of these early female officers who were, in fact, Canada's first female war casualties, suggests a gendered construction of illness at work in the CAMC. While nurses tried to prove themselves good soldiers, military physicians were quick to attribute their illnesses and deaths to horrific war conditions deemed unsuitable for women...
2017: Canadian Bulletin of Medical History, Bulletin Canadien D'histoire de la Médecine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920552/clinical-correlation-of-the-area-of-inferior-vena-cava-iliac-and-femoral-veins-for-stent-use
#19
Afsha Aurshina, Arkady Ganelin, Anil Hingorani, Sheila Blumberg, Yuriy Ostrozhynskyy, Borislav Kheyson, Enrico Ascher
Objective The purpose of the study is to evaluate normal anatomical areas of infrarenal inferior vena cava, common iliac, external iliac and common femoral veins by intravascular ultrasound with the goal of assisting the development of venous-specific stents in the treatment of iliac vein stenosis. Method From February 2012 to December 2013, 656 office-based venograms were performed in our facility. Among them, 576 were stented and 80 were not. The measurements of veins were done intraoperatively using an intravascular ultrasound catheter to record areas of the inferior vena cava, proximal, middle and distal segments of common iliac vein, external iliac vein and common femoral vein...
January 1, 2017: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920518/the-indirect-costs-of-underfunding-foreign-partners-in-global-health-research-a-case-study
#20
Johanna T Crane, Irene Andia Biraro, Tamer M Fouad, Yap Boum, David R Bangsberg
This study of a global health research partnership assesses how U.S. fiscal administrative policies impact capacity building at foreign partner institutions. We conducted a case study of a research collaboration between Mbarara University of Science and Technology (MUST) in Mbarara, Uganda, and originally the University of California San Francisco (UCSF), but now Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH). Our case study is based on three of the authors' experiences directing and working with this partnership from its inception in 2003 through 2015...
September 16, 2017: Global Public Health
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