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Jean-François Sauvé, Jérôme Lavoué, Marie-Élise Parent
BACKGROUND: Age, family history and ancestry are the only recognized risk factors for prostate cancer (PCa) but a role for environmental factors is suspected. Due to the lack of knowledge on the etiological factors for PCa, studies that are both hypothesis-generating and confirmatory are still needed. This study explores relationships between employment, by occupation and industry, and PCa risk. METHODS: Cases were 1937 men aged ≤75 years with incident PCa diagnosed across Montreal French hospitals in 2005-2009...
October 21, 2016: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
Maria Chiu, Michael Lebenbaum, Kelvin Lam, Nelson Chong, Mahmoud Azimaee, Karey Iron, Doug Manuel, Astrid Guttmann
BACKGROUND: Ontario, the most populous province in Canada, has a universal healthcare system that routinely collects health administrative data on its 13 million legal residents that is used for health research. Record linkage has become a vital tool for this research by enriching this data with the Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada Permanent Resident (IRCC-PR) database and the Office of the Registrar General's Vital Statistics-Death (ORG-VSD) registry. Our objectives were to estimate linkage rates and compare characteristics of individuals in the linked versus unlinked files...
October 21, 2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
Vo D Nguyen, Chris N Griffith
Multidisciplinary team work is important for a successful hemodialysis vascular access program. The authors present a clinical case to illustrate the potential dynamic factors that can affect vein sizes, independent from the operators' skills and experiences. Therefore, if the first examination fails to detect suitable veins, repeated examinations of arm veins by nephrologists during routine office visits may greatly assist the surgeons in the selection of suitable arm veins for arteriovenous fistula surgery...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Vascular Access
Alison Cieslak, Gary Elkins, Tanima Banerjee, Jessica Marsack, Kimberly Hickman, Alisa Johnson, Norah Henry, Debra Barton
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To determine the content, feasibility, and best outcome of a mind-body intervention involving self-directed hypnotic relaxation to target body image.
. DESIGN: A five-week, uncontrolled, unblinded feasibility intervention study.
. SETTING: Behavioral therapy offices in Ann Arbor, Michigan, and Waco, Texas.
. SAMPLE: 10 female breast cancer survivors and 1 breast and gynecologic cancer survivor...
November 1, 2016: Oncology Nursing Forum
Mieke T Bus, Daniel M De Bruin, Guido M Kamphuis, Patricia J Zondervan, Maria P Laguna Pes, Theo M De Reijke, Ton G Van Leeuwen, Jean J De LA Rosette
BACKGROUND: The applicability of urinary biomarkers and optical diagnostics in upper urinary tract carcinoma (UUTUC) are increasingly debated. To receive insight in the opinion of the urological community involved in this field, a survey was sent out to identify the most promising techniques and understand the need for new diagnostics. Primary objective of this study was to provide an overview of current diagnostics in upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma. Secondary objectives of this study was to assess the need for additional diagnostic techniques in the current diagnostic work-up for UUT-UC and to assess knowledge of novel techniques...
October 21, 2016: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
Helena Jahncke, Patrik Björkeholm, John E Marsh, Johan Odelius, Patrik Sörqvist
BACKGROUND: Background speech is one of the most disturbing noise sources at shared workplaces in terms of both annoyance and performance-related disruption. Therefore, it is important to identify techniques that can efficiently protect performance against distraction. It is also important that the techniques are perceived as satisfactory and are subjectively evaluated as effective in their capacity to reduce distraction. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study was to compare three methods of attenuating distraction from background speech: masking a background voice with nature sound through headphones, masking a background voice with other voices through headphones and merely wearing headphones (without masking) as a way to attenuate the background sound...
October 17, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Surya Narayan Pradhan, Aleena Das, Ramovatar Meena, Ranjan Kumar Nanda, Paulraj Rajamani
Occupational exposure to air pollution induces oxidative stress and prolonged exposure increases susceptibility to cardiovascular and respiratory diseases in several working groups. Biofluid of these subjects may reflect perturbed metabolic phenotypes. In this study we carried out a comparative molecular profiling study using parallel biofluids collected from subjects (n = 85) belonging to auto rickshaw drivers (ARD), traffic cops (TC) and office workers (OW). Higher levels of oxidative stress and inflammation markers in serum of ARD subjects were observed as compared to OW and TC...
October 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
Aneta Grajda, Zbigniew Kułaga, Beata Gurzkowska, Magdalena Góźdź, Małgorzata Wojtyło, Mieczysław Litwin
OBJECTIVES: To examine the pattern and trend of deaths due to external causes among Polish children and adolescents in 1999-2012, and to compare trends in Poland's neighboring countries. METHODS: Death records were obtained from the Central Statistical Office of Poland. External causes mortality rates (MR) with 95 % confidence interval were calculated. The annual percentage change of MR was examined using linear regression. To compare MR with Belarus, Ukraine, Czech Republic and Germany, data from the European Mortality Database were used...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Peter Mathijs van Brussel, Bas van den Bogaard, Barbara A de Weijer, Jasper Truijen, Paul Ct Krediet, Ignace M Janssen, Arnold van de Laar, Karin A Kaasjager, Eric Fliers, Johannes J Van Lieshout, Mireille Johanna Serlie, Bert-Jan H van den Born
BACKGROUND: Blood pressure (BP) decreases in the first weeks after Roux-and-Y gastric bypass surgery. Yet, the pathophysiology of the BP lowering effects observed after gastric bypass surgery are incompletely understood. METHODS: We evaluated BP, systemic hemodynamics and baroreflex sensitivity in 15 obese women (mean age 42±7 yrs, body mass index 45±6 kg/m(2)) two weeks before and six weeks following Roux-and-Y gastric bypass surgery. RESULTS: Six weeks after gastric bypass surgery mean body weight decreased by 13±5 kg (10%, p<0...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Applied Physiology
Matthew T Wilson, Sung-Kiang Chuang, Vincent B Ziccardi
PURPOSE: This study compared a type 1 collagen conduit (NeuraGen) with a porcine small intestinal submucosa conduit (AxoGuard) when used in lingual nerve microsurgery and any differences in achieving functional sensory recovery (FSR). PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients who underwent lingual nerve microsurgery performed by 1 surgeon (V.B.Z.) from 2007 to 2014 had their surgical information obtained by a retrospective review of hospital records and office charts after institutional review board approval...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Daniel S Budnitz, Maribeth C Lovegrove, Mathew R P Sapiano, Justin Mathew, Scott R Kegler, Andrew I Geller, Christian Hampp
Expanding access to office-based medication-assisted treatment with buprenorphine/naloxone for opioid dependence is a key part of the national strategy to address the opioid abuse epidemic (1). However, as buprenorphine/naloxone prescribing increased, emergency department (ED) visits and hospitalizations for unsupervised ingestions by young children began to increase, with buprenorphine/naloxone ingestions becoming the most common cause of hospitalization for medication ingestions by young children during 2010-2011 (2)...
October 21, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Harish Kempegowda, Raveesh Richard, Amrut Borade, Akhil Tawari, Abby M Howenstein, Erik N Kubiak, Michael Suk, Daniel S Horwitz
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role and the necessity of radiographs and office visits obtained during follow-up of intertrochanteric hip injuries. DESIGN: Retrospective study SETTING:: Two level I trauma centers. PATIENTS: 465 elderly patients who were surgically treated for an intertrochanteric fracture of the femur at two level I trauma centers between January 2009 and August 2014 were retrospectively identified from orthopaedic trauma databases...
August 16, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Michelle Cardoso, Michelle Girouard, Jack P Callaghan, Wayne J Albert
The purpose of this study was to assess the perceived discomfort of patrol officers related to equipment and vehicle design and whether there were discomfort differences between day and night shifts. A total of 16 participants were recruited (10 males, 6 females) from a local police force to participate for one full day shift and one full night shift. A series of questionnaires were administered to acquire information regarding comfort with specific car features and occupational gear (SFODQ), body part discomfort (BPDQ), and health and lifestyle (H&L) discomfort questionnaires were administered three times during each shift to monitor discomfort progression within a shift...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
Michele Malagù, Alessandra Ferri, Ottavia Mancuso, Filippo Trevisan, Marianna Nardozza, Matteo Bertini
Implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) is the cornerstone of primary and secondary prevention of sudden cardiac death. In 35 years of technologic improvement and clinical trials, there has been a continuous increase in implantation rate. Purpose of this review is to point out and discuss every aspect related to actual ICD management, investigating implantation procedure and predischarge care, office and remote monitoring follow-up, diagnostic evaluations, management of patients with suspected therapies or malfunctions, heart failure, surgery, radiotherapy and endoscopic procedures...
October 20, 2016: Future Cardiology
Kimberly Barsamian Kahn, Joel S Steele, Jean M McMahon, Greg Stewart
Although studies often find racial disparities in policing outcomes, less is known about how suspect race biases police interactions as they unfold. This study examines what is differentially occurring during police-suspect interactions for White, Black, and Latino suspects across time. It is hypothesized that racial bias may be more evident earlier in interactions, when less information about the situation is available. One hundred thirty-nine (62 White, 42 Black, and 35 Latino) use-of-force case files and associated written narratives from a medium to large size urban police department in the United States were analyzed...
October 20, 2016: Law and Human Behavior
Feng Li, Guangxi Wang, Yongjuan Li, Ronggang Zhou
This study aimed to examine the effects of both hindrance and challenge demands on driving anger within the framework of the job demands-resources (JD-R) model. We collected self-reported data from 411 office workers driving to and from work each day in five cities in China. The results from a structural equation modeling analysis indicated that both hindrance and challenge demands were positively related to emotional exhaustion, which was in turn positively correlated with driving anger. Moreover, work engagement was positively correlated with driving anger...
October 16, 2016: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Fabiana Q Silva, Mehreen Adhi, Karen M Wai, Leann Olansky, M Cecilia Lansang, Rishi P Singh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify whether endocrinologists and primary care physicians (PCP) adequately screen for ophthalmic symptoms/signs within office visits and provide timely ophthalmology referrals in patients with diabetes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients between the ages of 18 years and 80 years with diabetes who underwent an office visit with an endocrinologist or a PCP between January 1, 2014, and December 31, 2014, were identified...
October 1, 2016: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
Sergio Eduardo Alonso Araujo, Lucas de Araujo Horcel, Victor Edmond Seid, Alexandre Bruno Bertoncini, Sidney Klajner
Background: Stapled hemorrhoidopexy is associated with less postoperative pain and faster recovery. However, it may be associated with a greater risk of symptomatic recurrence. We hypothesized that undertaking a limited surgical excision of hemorrhoid disease after stapling may be a valid approach for selected patients. Aim: To compare long-term results after stapled hemorrhoidopexy with and without complementation with closed excisional technique. Method: In a retrospective uni-institutional cohort study, sixty-five (29 men) patients underwent stapled hemorrhoidopexy and 21 (13 men) underwent stapled hemorrhoidopexy with excision...
July 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Ana Rosa Cunha, Jenifer D'El-Rei, Fernanda Medeiros, Bianca Umbelino, Wille Oigman, Rhian M Touyz, Mario F Neves
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies demonstrate an inverse association between serum magnesium and incidence of cardiovascular disease. Diuretics commonly cause hypomagneseamia. METHOD: We evaluated effects of magnesium supplementation on blood pressure (BP) and vascular function in thiazide-treated hypertensive women in a randomized, double-blind, clinical trial. Hypertensive women (40-65 years) on hydrochlorothiazide and mean 24-h BP at least 130/80 mmHg were divided into placebo and supplementation (magnesium chelate 600 mg/day) groups...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Amy E Burchell, Jonathan C L Rodrigues, Max Charalambos, Laura E K Ratcliffe, Emma C Hart, Julian F R Paton, Andreas Baumbach, Nathan E Manghat, Angus K Nightingale
European guidelines recommend that patients with hypertension be assessed for asymptomatic organ damage and secondary causes. The authors propose that a single magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan can provide comprehensive first-line imaging of patients assessed via a specialist hypertension clinic. A total of 200 patients (56% male, aged 51±15 years, office BP 168±30/96±16 mm Hg) underwent MRI of the heart, kidneys, renal arteries, adrenals and aorta. Comparisons were made with other imaging modalities where available...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
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