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Retinal stem cells

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777959/extracellular-matrix-expression-in-human-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived-retinal-organoids-recapitulates-retinogenesis-in-vivo-and-reveals-an-important-role-for-impg1-and-cd44-in-the-development-of-photoreceptors-and-interphotoreceptor-matrix
#1
Majed Felemban, Birthe Dorgau, Nicola Claire Hunt, Dean Hallam, Darin Zerti, Roman Bauer, Yuchun Ding, Joseph Collin, David Steel, Natalio Krasnogor, Jumana Al-Aama, Susan Lindsay, Carla Mellough, Majlinda Lako
The extracellular matrix (ECM) plays an important role in numerous processes including cellular proliferation, differentiation, migration, maturation, adhesion guidance and axonal growth. To date, there has been no detailed analysis of the ECM distribution during retinal ontogenesis in humans and the functional importance of many ECM components is poorly understood. In this study, the expression of key ECM components in adult mouse and monkey retina, developing and adult human retina and retinal organoids derived from human pluripotent stem cells was studied...
May 16, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777757/stem-cell-based-retina-models
#2
Kevin Achberger, Jasmin C Haderspeck, Alexander Kleger, Stefan Liebau
From the early days of cell biological research, the eye-especially the retina-has evoked broad interest among scientists. The retina has since been thoroughly investigated and numerous models have been exploited to shed light on its development, morphology, and function. Apart from various animal models and human clinical and anatomical research, stem cell-based models of animal and human cells of origin have entered the field, especially during the last decade. Despite the observation that the retina of different species comprises endogenous stem cells, most stem cell-related research in the human retina is now based on pluripotent stem cell models...
May 16, 2018: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774506/therapeutic-potential-of-mesenchymal-stem-cell-derived-exosomes-in-the-treatment-of-eye-diseases
#3
C Randall Harrell, Bojana Simovic Markovic, Crissy Fellabaum, Aleksandar Arsenijevic, Valentin Djonov, Nebojsa Arsenijevic, Vladislav Volarevic
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) were, due to their immunomodulatory and pro-angiogenic characteristics, extensively explored as new therapeutic agents in cell-based therapy of uveitis, glaucoma, retinal and ocular surface diseases.Since it was recently revealed that exosomes play an important role in biological functions of MSCs, herewith we summarized current knowledge about the morphology, structure, phenotype and functional characteristics of MSC-derived exosomes emphasizing their therapeutic potential in the treatment of eye diseases...
May 18, 2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766041/report-on-the-national-eye-institute-s-audacious-goals-initiative-creating-a-cellular-environment-for-neuroregeneration
#4
Marie E Burns, Beth Stevens
The cellular environment of the CNS is non-permissive for growth and regeneration. In the retina, transplantation of stem cells has been limited by inefficient survival and integration into existing circuits. In November 2016, as part of the National Eye Institute's Audacious Goals Initiative (AGI), a diverse collection of investigators gathered for a workshop devoted to articulating the gaps in knowledge, barriers to progress, and ideas for new approaches to understanding cellular environments within the retina and how these environments may be manipulated...
March 2018: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760741/establishing-a-surgical-procedure-for-rhesus-epiretinal-scaffold-implantation-with-hipsc-derived-retinal-progenitors
#5
Ziming Luo, Kang Li, Kaijing Li, Bikun Xian, Ying Liu, Sijing Yang, Chaochao Xu, Zhigang Fan, Shoutao Lu, Haijun Zhang, Jian Ge
Background: To develop an effective surgical procedure for cellular scaffold epiretinal implantation in rhesus, facilitating subsequent epiretinal stem cell transplantation. Methods: Retinal progenitors were seeded onto a poly(lactic-co-glycolic) acid (PLGA) scaffold. First, the cellular scaffolds were delivered by 18G catheter or retinal forceps into rabbit epiretinal space ( n = 50). Then, the cell survival rate was evaluated by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8). Second, three methods of scaffold fixation, including adhesion after gas-liquid exchange ( n = 1), tamponade by hydrogel ( n = 1), and fixation by retinal tacks ( n = 4), were performed in rhesus monkeys...
2018: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753273/generation-of-an-induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-line-from-a-patient-with-non-syndromic-cln3-associated-retinal-degeneration-and-a-coisogenic-control-line
#6
Xiao Zhang, Dan Zhang, Shang-Chih Chen, Tina Lamey, Jennifer A Thompson, Terri McLaren, John N De Roach, Fred K Chen, Samuel McLenachan
We report the generation of the human iPSC line LEIi004-A from a patient with late-onset non-syndromic retinitis pigmentosa caused by compound heterozygous mutations in the CLN3 gene. Reprogramming of primary dermal fibroblasts was performed using episomal plasmids containing OCT4, SOX2, KLF4, L-MYC, LIN28, shRNA for p53 and mir302/367 microRNA. To create a coisogenic control line, one CLN3 variant was corrected in the patient-iPSC using CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing to generate the iPSC line LEIi004-A-1.
May 1, 2018: Stem Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751772/expression-profiling-of-cell-intrinsic-regulators-in-the-process-of-differentiation-of-human-ipscs-into-retinal-lineages
#7
Jen-Hua Chuang, Aliaksandr A Yarmishyn, De-Kuang Hwang, Chih-Chien Hsu, Mong-Lien Wang, Yi-Ping Yang, Ke-Hung Chien, Shih-Hwa Chiou, Chi-Hsien Peng, Shih-Jen Chen
BACKGROUND: Differentiation of human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) into retinal lineages offers great potential for medical application. Therefore, it is of crucial importance to know the key intrinsic regulators of differentiation and the specific biomarker signatures of cell lineages. METHODS: In this study, we used microarrays to analyze transcriptomes of terminally differentiated retinal ganglion cell (RGC) and retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) lineages, as well as intermediate retinal progenitor cells of optic vesicles (OVs) derived from hiPSCs...
May 11, 2018: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739345/atypical-central-retinal-artery-occlusion-as-the-first-presentation-of-poems-syndrome-a-case-report
#8
Panitha Jindahra, Charungthai Dejthevaporn, Pimjai Niparuck, Jariya Waisayarat, Piyaphon Cheecharoen, Thanatporn Threetong, Purit Petpiroon, Tharikarn Sujirakul, Anuchit Poonyathalang, Kavin Vanikieti
BACKGROUND: POEMS syndrome is a plasma cell disorder, which clinically manifests from paraneoplastic syndrome: polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal plasma cell disorder, and skin changes. The most common ocular manifestation is optic disc swelling, whereas other ocular manifestations; cystoid macular edema, serous macular detachment, venous sinus thrombosis, infiltrative orbitopathy, uveitis, neovascularization of the disc, peripapillary choroidal neovascularization and optic disc drusen, had also been reported...
May 8, 2018: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731494/variation-in-the-phenotype-of-photosensitive-cells-produced-from-human-fibroblast-cell-lines
#9
Toshiyuki Ishii, Chengzhu Yin, Yuko Seko, Akihiro Umezawa, Makoto Kaneda
BACKGROUND: Photoreceptors differentiated from somatic cells are a useful tool for transplantation and drug screening. We previously showed that photosensitive cells are differentiated from human fibroblasts by direct reprogramming. In induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells or embryonic stem (ES) cells, the properties of differentiated cells differ among the source of cell lines. However, whether or not the properties of the photosensitive cells produced by direct reprogramming are controlled by the origin of the cell line remains unknown...
2018: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721996/stem-cell-based-rpe-therapy-for-retinal-diseases-engineering-3d-tissues-amenable-for-regenerative-medicine
#10
Karim Ben M'Barek, Walter Habeler, Christelle Monville
Recent clinical trials based on human pluripotent stem cell-derived retinal pigment epithelium cells (hPSC-RPE cells) were clearly a success regarding safety outcomes. However the delivery strategy of a cell suspension, while being a smart implementation of a cell therapy, might not be sufficient to achieve the best results. More complex reconstructed tissue formulations are required, both to improve functionality and to target pathological conditions with altered Bruch's membrane like age-related macular degeneration (AMD)...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721995/the-ipsc-derived-retinal-tissue-as-a-tool-to-study-growth-factor-production-in-the-eye
#11
Maryam Alavi, Petr Baranov
Traumatic, inherited, and age-related degenerative diseases of the retina, such as retinal detachment, glaucoma, retinitis pigmentosa, and age-related macular degeneration, are characterized by the irreversible loss of retinal neurons. Several growth factors, including glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor and pigment epithelium-derived factor, have been shown to rescue retinal neurons in animal models of retinal disease. Here we describe a scalable and robust system to study the growth factor induction in the retina: retinal organoids derived from the induced pluripotent stem cells...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721985/polarized-exosome-release-from-the-retinal-pigmented-epithelium
#12
Mikael Klingeborn, W Daniel Stamer, Catherine Bowes Rickman
The retinal pigmented epithelium (RPE) forms the outer blood-retinal barrier and provides nutrients and recycling of visual pigment to the photoreceptors, among many other functions. The RPE is also a key site of pathophysiological changes in age-related macular degeneration, making it an important focus of study in both visual health and disease. Exosomes are nanometer-sized vesicles that are released by cells in a controlled fashion and mediate a range of extra- and intercellular activities. Some key exosome actions include cell-cell communication, immune modulation, extracellular matrix turnover, stem cell division/differentiation, neovascularization, and cellular waste removal...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719254/let-7-microrna-mediated-regulation-of-shh-signaling-and-the-gene-regulatory-network-is-essential-for-retina-regeneration
#13
Simran Kaur, Shivangi Gupta, Mansi Chaudhary, Mohammad Anwar Khursheed, Soumitra Mitra, Akshai Janardhana Kurup, Rajesh Ramachandran
Upon injury, Müller glia cells of the zebrafish retina reprogram themselves to progenitor cells with stem cell characteristics. This necessity for retina regeneration is often compromised in mammals. We explored the significance of developmentally inevitable Sonic hedgehog signaling and found its necessity in MG reprogramming during retina regeneration. We report on stringent translational regulation of sonic hedgehog, smoothened, and patched1 by let-7 microRNA, which is regulated by Lin28a, in Müller glia (MG)-derived progenitor cells (MGPCs)...
May 1, 2018: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717657/bone-marrow-cd133-stem-cells-ameliorate-visual-dysfunction-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-mice-with-early-diabetic-retinopathy
#14
Liyuan Rong, Xianliang Gu, Jing Xie, Yuxiao Zeng, Qiyou Li, Siyu Chen, Ting Zou, Langyue Xue, Haiwei Xu, Zheng Qin Yin
Diabetic retinopathy (DR), one of the leading causes of vision loss worldwide, is characterized by neurovascular disorders. Emerging evidence has demonstrated retinal neurodegeneration in the early pathogenesis of DR, and no treatment has been developed to prevent the early neurodegenerative changes that precede detectable microvascular disorders. Bone marrow CD133+ stem cells with revascularization properties exhibit neuroregenerative potential. However, whether CD133+ cells can ameliorate the neurodegeneration at the early stage of DR remains unclear...
January 1, 2018: Cell Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717171/elevated-expression-of-human-bhlh-factor-atoh7-accelerates-cell-cycle-progression-of-progenitors-and-enhances-production-of-avian-retinal-ganglion-cells
#15
Xiang-Mei Zhang, Takao Hashimoto, Ronald Tang, Xian-Jie Yang
The production of vertebrate retinal projection neurons, retinal ganglion cells (RGCs), is regulated by cell-intrinsic determinants and cell-to-cell signaling events. The basic-helix-loop-helix (bHLH) protein Atoh7 is a key neurogenic transcription factor required for RGC development. Here, we investigate whether manipulating human ATOH7 expression among uncommitted progenitors can promote RGC fate specification and thus be used as a strategy to enhance RGC genesis. Using the chicken retina as a model, we show that cell autonomous expression of ATOH7 is sufficient to induce precocious RGC formation and expansion of the neurogenic territory...
May 1, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712950/hsp90-inhibition-as-a-means-to-inhibit-activation-of-the-nlrp3-inflammasome
#16
Niina Piippo, Eveliina Korhonen, Maria Hytti, Heli Skottman, Kati Kinnunen, Natasha Josifovska, Goran Petrovski, Kai Kaarniranta, Anu Kauppinen
Once activated, the intracellular receptor NLRP3 assembles an inflammasome protein complex that facilitates the caspase-1-mediated maturation of IL-1β and IL-18. Inactive NLRP3 is guarded by a protein complex containing Hsp90. In response to stress stimuli, Hsp90 is released, and NLRP3 can be activated to promote inflammation. In this study, we blocked Hsp90 with geldanamycin and studied the fate of NLRP3 in human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells. RPE cells play a central role in the development of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a progressive eye disease causing severe vision loss in the elderly...
April 30, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708536/culturing-of-retinal-pigment-epithelial-cells-on-an-ex-vivo-model-of-aged-human-bruch-s-membrane
#17
Hui Cai, Jie Gong, Lucian V Del Priore, Tongalp H Tezel, Mark A Fields
Aside from vitamins and antioxidants recommended by the Age-Related Eye Disease Study, there is no effective therapy for "dry," or atrophic age-related macular degeneration (AMD) which represents 90% of the cases. Therapies are needed to slow or retard the development of geographic atrophy (GA), and understanding Bruch's membrane pathology is part of this process. Alterations in human Bruch's membrane precede the progression of AMD by contributing to the damage of retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704860/morphological-and-genetical-changes-of-endothelial-progenitor-cells-after-in-vitro-conversion-into-photoreceptors
#18
Shi Qiang, Hiba Amer Alsaeedi, Cheng Yuhong, Hao Yang, Li Tong, Suresh Kumar, Akon Higuchi, Abdullah A Alarfaj, Rusheni Munisvaradass, Mok Pooi Ling, Pei Cheng
BACKGROUND: Retinal degeneration is a condition ensued by various ocular disorders such as artery occlusion, diabetic retinopathy, retrolental fibroplasia and retinitis pigmentosa which cause abnormal loss of photoreceptor cells and lead to eventual vision impairment. No efficient treatment has yet been found, however, the use of stem cell therapy such as bone marrow and embryonic stem cells has opened a new treatment modality for retinal degenerative diseases. The major goal of this study is to analyze the potential of endothelial progenitor cells derived from bone marrow to differentiate into retinal neural cells for regenerative medicine purposes...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683519/children-with-mucopolysaccharidosis-risk-progressive-visual-dysfunction-despite-haematopoietic-stem-cell-transplants
#19
Kristina Teär Fahnehjelm, Monica Olsson, Enping Chen, Jürg Hengstler, Karin Naess, Jacek Winiarski
AIM: This prospective study assessed the long-term ocular and visual outcomes of children with mucopolysaccharidoses type I Hurler syndrome (MPS IH) who were treated with haematopoietic stem cell transplants (HSCT). METHODS: Clinical ophthalmological assessments were performed on eight patients at the St Erik Eye Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden, from 2001-2018: The median age at diagnosis and HSCT were 12.2 (range 5.0-16.4) and 16.7 (8.0-20.4) months. The last eye examination was at a median of 13...
April 23, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677537/the-rescue-effect-of-mesenchymal-stem-cell-on-sodium-iodate-induced-retinal-pigment-epithelial-cell-death-through-deactivation-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-mediated-nlrp3-inflammasome
#20
Xiying Mao, Ting Pan, Han Shen, Huiyu Xi, Songtao Yuan, Qinghuai Liu
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a multifactorial disease resulting in the gradual loss of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and the permanent visual damage. Various risk factors, including oxidative stress, form a complex network at the confluence of inflammation. Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) is a well-studied population of adult stem cell with strong neuroprotective and immunoregulatory properties. Here, we reported the protective effect of MSC on sodium iodate (NaIO3)-triggered RPE degeneration. Sodium iodate (NaIO3)-induced RPE cell death was remarkably reduced when cocultured with MSC...
April 17, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
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