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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645020/do-we-see-how-they-perceive-risk-an-integrated-analysis-of-risk-perception-and-its-effect-on-workplace-safety-behavior
#1
Nini Xia, Xueqing Wang, Mark A Griffin, Chunlin Wu, Bingsheng Liu
While risk perception is a key factor influencing safety behavior, the academia lacks specific attention to the ways that workers perceive risk, and thus little is known about the mechanisms through which different risk perceptions influence safety behavior. Most previous research in the workplace safety domain argues that people tend to perceive risk based on rational formulations of risk criticality. However, individuals' emotions can be also useful in understanding their perceptions. Therefore, this research employs an integrated analysis concerning the rational and emotional perspectives...
June 20, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644761/effectiveness-of-satir-informed-family-therapy-on-the-codependency-of-drug-dependents-family-members-in-iran-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Fatemeh Karimi Ahmad-Abadi, Masoomeh Maarefvand, Hakimeh Aghaei, Samaneh Hosseinzadeh, Mahboubeh Abbasi, Jagdish Khubchandani
PURPOSE: Social workers in substance abuse treatment settings are responsible for involving families in treatment program to improve family functioning. The effectiveness of available interventions in treating codependency of family members of drug users in Iran is not well explored. We evaluated the effectiveness of the Satir communication family therapy (CFT) in healing codependency of drug dependents' family members in Tehran, Iran. METHODS: The intervention group participants (n = 27) received a seven-session social work intervention with CFT approach and the control group (n = 26) received treatment as usual...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644723/performance-evaluation-of-mobile-downflow-booths-for-reducing-airborne-particles-in-the-workplace
#3
Li-Ming Lo, Braden Hocker, Austin E Steltz, John Kremer, H Amy Feng
Compared to other common control measures, the downflow booth is a costly engineering control used to contain airborne dust or particles. The downflow booth provides unidirectional filtered airflow from the ceiling, entraining released particles away from the workers' breathing zone, and delivers contained airflow to a lower level exhaust for removing particulates by filtering media. In this study, we designed and built a mobile downflow booth that is capable of quick assembly and easy size change to provide greater flexibility and particle control for various manufacturing processes or tasks...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644705/narrative-development-and-supported-employment-of-persons-with-severe-mental-illness
#4
Kelly Ann Cartwright, Tania Lecomte, Marc Corbière, Paul Lysaker
BACKGROUND: While the relationship between objective recovery and work among persons with severe mental illness (SMI) is well-established, few studies have examined the link between subjective recovery and employment. AIMS: The study investigated the prospective relationship between narrative development at the start of supported employment (SE) and positive work outcomes. METHODS: The authors employed a time-limited, mixed-method longitudinal design to examine the relationship between the baseline narrative development of 38 SE participants with SMI and employment outcomes eight months later, as well as whether narratives evolved over the course of the study...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644695/peer-supported-open-dialogue-a-thematic-analysis-of-trainee-perspectives-on-the-approach-and-training
#5
Tom Stockmann, Lisa Wood, Gabriela Enache, Frankie Withers, Lauren Gavaghan, Russell Razzaque
BACKGROUND: Open Dialogue (OD) is a Finnish social network based model of care, with practice and organisational aspects. Peer-supported Open Dialogue (POD) is a UK version involving peer workers, whose contributions include building on fragmented social networks. Fifty-four NHS staff undertook the first training in POD between 2014 and 2015. The training course was organised as four separate residential weeks, together with reflective sharing on an online platform. AIMS: This study aimed to explore the perspectives of the POD trainees on the training and the POD approach...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644486/use-of-work-life-balance-benefits-guaranteed-by-law-in-poland-do-size-of-the-enterprise-and-gender-matter
#6
Dorota Merecz-Kot, Marcin Drabek, Aleksander Stańczak, Aleksandra Andysz, Aleksandra Jacukowicz
BACKGROUND: The paper is aimed at indicating the similarities and differences in use of benefits supporting work-life balance (WLB) between women and men working in Polish small/medium and large enterprises. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample included 556 workers (311 women, 245 men), aged 20-68 years old employed on the basis of employment contracts for at least a year in Polish enterprises. The respondents completed a questionnaire on the use of benefits guaranteed by the Polish Labour Code, referring to their current workplaces...
June 22, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644340/committee-opinion-no-708-improving-awareness-of-and-screening-for-health-risks-among-sex-workers
#7
(no author information available yet)
The population of women who sell or exchange sex or intimate sexual services for material goods or services, also called "sex work," often is unrecognized in the typical obstetric and gynecologic practice. The prevalence of this behavior among adult women is difficult to quantify because of its frequent omission from the routine sexual history by women and clinicians. Data on the prevalence of sex work in the United States are largely lacking. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists supports increasing awareness about the health risks, preventive care needs, and limited health care services for female sex workers...
July 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644333/committee-opinion-no-708-summary-improving-awareness-of-and-screening-for-health-risks-among-sex-workers
#8
(no author information available yet)
The population of women who sell or exchange sex or intimate sexual services for material goods or services, also called "sex work," often is unrecognized in the typical obstetric and gynecologic practice. The prevalence of this behavior among adult women is difficult to quantify because of its frequent omission from the routine sexual history by women and clinicians. Data on the prevalence of sex work in the United States are largely lacking. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists supports increasing awareness about the health risks, preventive care needs, and limited health care services for female sex workers...
July 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644247/surface-electromyographic-activity-of-the-upper-trapezius-before-and-after-a-single-dry-needling-session-in-female-office-workers-with-trapezius-myalgia
#9
Kayleigh De Meulemeester, Patrick Calders, Vincent Dewitte, Tom Barbe, Lieven Danneels, Barbara Cagnie
OBJECTIVE: Myofascial pain can be accompanied by a disturbed surface electromyographic (sEMG) activity. Nevertheless, the effect of myofascial treatment techniques, such as dry needling (DN), on the sEMG activity is poorly investigated. Several DN studies also emphasize the importance of eliciting local twitch responses (LTRs) during treatment. However, studies investigating the added value of LTRs are scarce. Therefore, the aims of this study were first to evaluate the effect of DN on the sEMG activity of myalgic muscle tissue, compared with no intervention (rest), and secondly to identify whether this effect is dependent of eliciting LTRs during DN...
June 21, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644057/the-implementation-of-medical-monitoring-programs-following-potentially-hazardous-exposures-a-medico-legal-perspective
#10
David Vearrier, Michael I Greenberg
CONTEXT: Clinical toxicologists may be called upon to determine the appropriateness of medical monitoring following documented or purported exposures to toxicants in the occupational, environmental, and medical settings. METHODS: We searched the MEDLINE database using the Ovid(®) search engine for the following terms cross-referenced to the MeSH database: ("occupational exposures" OR "environmental exposures") AND ("physiologic monitoring" OR "population surveillance")...
June 23, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643786/a-unified-model-of-hymenopteran-preadaptations-that-trigger-the-evolutionary-transition-to-eusociality
#11
Andrés E Quiñones, Ido Pen
Explaining the origin of eusociality, with strict division of labour between workers and reproductives, remains one of evolutionary biology's greatest challenges. Specific combinations of genetic, behavioural and demographic traits in Hymenoptera are thought to explain their relatively high frequency of eusociality, but quantitative models integrating such preadaptations are lacking. Here we use mathematical models to show that the joint evolution of helping behaviour and maternal sex ratio adjustment can synergistically trigger both a behavioural change from solitary to eusocial breeding, and a demographic change from a life cycle with two reproductive broods to a life cycle in which an unmated cohort of female workers precedes a final generation of dispersing reproductives...
June 23, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643746/breast-cancer-screening-practices-amongst-female-tertiary-health-worker-in-nnewi
#12
Chimezie Innocent Madubogwu, Amobi Ochonma Egwuonwu, Ngozi Ukamaka Madubogwu, Ifeoma A Njelita
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer in Nigeria and other developing countries is characterized by late presentation and poor outcome due to ignorance, superstition, self-denial, fear of mastectomy, and unavailability of treatment facilities. The mortality of breast cancer in Western world is decreasing due to early detection and better management. OBJECTIVE: This study aims at accessing the knowledge, attitude, and practice of breast cancer screening among female tertiary health workers...
April 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643615/migrant-caregiving-for-family-members-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-an-ethnographic-study
#13
Eleanor Holroyd, Jed Montayre, Sienna Ramsey, Victoria Egli
BACKGROUND: Migrant families caring for family members with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) face considerable socioeconomic burden and isolation. AIM: To examine the cultural needs, beliefs and health seeking behaviours of migrant Turkish family member caregivers. DESIGN: An ethnographic approach was used employing in depth interviews. METHODS: Turkish caregivers residing in Melbourne, Australia were purposively sampled...
June 23, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643377/randomized-feasibility-trial-to-improve-hydroxyurea-adherence-in-youth-ages-10-18-years-through-community-health-workers-the-habit-study
#14
Nancy S Green, Deepa Manwani, Sergio Matos, April Hicks, Luisa Soto, Yina Castillo, Karen Ireland, Yvonne Stennett, Sally Findley, Haomiao Jia, Arlene Smaldone
INTRODUCTION: The main therapeutic intervention for sickle cell disease (SCD) is hydroxyurea (HU). The effect of HU is largely through dose-dependent induction of fetal hemoglobin (HbF). Poor HU adherence is common among adolescents. METHODS: Our 6-month, two-site pilot intervention trial, "HABIT," was led by culturally aligned community health workers (CHWs). CHWs performed support primarily through home visits, augmented by tailored text message reminders. Dyads of youth with SCD ages 10-18 years and a parent were enrolled...
June 23, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643270/ethnic-disparities-of-perceived-safety-climate-among-construction-workers-in-georgia-2015
#15
Michael Welton, David DeJoy, Maria Eugenia Castellanos, Mark Ebell, Ye Shen, Sara Robb
BACKGROUND: Safety climate involves worker perception about the relative importance where they work and safety climate and has been shown to be a reliable predictor of safety-related outcomes. METHODS: The primary objective of this study is to investigate ethnic differences in perceived safety climate among construction workers. Surveys (n = 179) that included a 10-item safety climate scale were administered in Athens, Georgia (GA), at local construction sites and home improvement stores during June-August, 2015...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642509/in-our-opinion
#16
G Roberts, V S Lucas, F McDonald, S Camilleri, J Jayaraman, D Davies, K Moze
The misleading statements made in the British Dental Journal in the December 2016 issue relating to dental age assessment are assessed for inaccuracies and negligent omission of the issue of Child Protection. It is emphasised that there is a need for the approach of objective knowledge viz. not influenced by personal feelings or opinions in considering and representing facts. The article by the Chair of the Education, Ethics, and Team Working Group implies that unsatisfactory consent procedures are followed...
June 23, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642333/patients-and-providers-perceptions-of-the-preventability-of-hospital-readmission-a-prospective-observational-study-in-four-european-countries
#17
Louise S van Galen, Mikkel Brabrand, Tim Cooksley, Peter M van de Ven, Hanneke Merten, Ralph Kl So, Loes van Hooff, Harm R Haak, Rachel M Kidney, Christian H Nickel, John Ty Soong, Immo Weichert, Mark Hh Kramer, Christian P Subbe, Prabath Wb Nanayakkara
OBJECTIVES: Because of fundamental differences in healthcare systems, US readmission data cannot be extrapolated to the European setting: To investigate the opinions of readmitted patients, their carers, nurses and physicians on predictability and preventability of readmissions and using majority consensus to determine contributing factors that could potentially foresee (preventable) readmissions. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. Readmitted patients, their carers, and treating professionals were surveyed during readmission to assess the discharge process and the predictability and preventability of the readmission...
June 22, 2017: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641809/re-emerging-infectious-diseases-from-the-past-hysteria-or-real-risk
#18
Charlier Philippe, Claverie Jean-Michel, Sansonetti Philippe, Coppens Yves, Augias Anaïs, Jacqueline Sophie, Rengot Fanny, Deo Saudamini
BACKGROUND: Work on human remains and old biological samples is a potential source of contamination by conventional or atypical infectious agents. Similarly, current and future environmental changes are a source of resurgence of ancient epidemic diseases. To what extent are anthropologists sorcerer apprentices (especially those working on ancient samples, i.e. paleo-anthropologists)? Are ancient skeletons, palaeosols and museum objects with a biological component at risk for current populations? Unless there are unfounded fears and undue risk… What can be learned from the recent scientific literature and the common sense of the researchers? METHODS: We have attempted to compile data from the literature and from our personal experience in the fields of anthropology, clinical medicine and epidemiology, in order to grasp the reality of the risk to the human population...
June 19, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641708/rates-of-advertised-condomless-sex-in-the-online-profiles-of-private-sex-workers-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Edjoni Blackledge, Caroline Thng, Ruthy McIver, Anna McNulty
This study aimed to assess the level of condomless sex advertised online by private sex workers (PSW) in Sydney. In 2015, 750 online profiles of PSW, including 339 female, 53 male and 39 transgender PSWs, were reviewed. It was found that PSWs advertise protected anal and vaginal sex. However, 50% of female PSW advertised condomless oral sex. Age less than 25 years was associated with advertised condomless oral sex (odds ratio 1.56; 95% confidence interval 1.03-2.37; P=0.037). Online platforms are widely used for advertising, especially by female PSWs...
June 23, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641599/association-between-level-of-exposure-to-death-and-dying-and-professional-quality-of-life-among-palliative-care-workers
#20
Tali Samson, Pesach Shvartzman
BACKGROUND: Exposure to the death and dying of others is an anxiety-provoking condition that can contribute to psychological stress. However, the results of empirical studies that evaluated work-related outcomes among physicians and nurses with repeated exposure to dying patients are not consistent. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to evaluate whether a high level of exposure to death and dying (LED) can increase the risk for poor professional quality of life (ProQoL) in most healthcare workers, but it can also improve ProQoL in a subset of healthcare workers with specific characteristics...
June 23, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
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