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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775975/misleading-new-insights-into-the-chrysotile-debate
#1
H-J Woitowitz, X Baur
Although there is no dispute among independent scientists about the carcinogenic and fibrogenic effects of chrysotile, the asbestos industry has been continuously and successfully acting to cast doubts on its harm. Another approach including asbestos insurance entities is to refuse compensation by raising the bar and fight criminal prosecution for asbestos-related diseases by the help of paid scientists. A recent publication on asbestos fibre burden in human lungs fits well in this context. The claim that chrysotile fibres are biopersistent in human lung is not based on the data provided by these authors, and, additionally, exhibits serious inconsistencies and obvious mismeasurements and significant methodological problems...
May 18, 2018: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775694/advance-care-planning-in-a-multi-cultural-family-centric-community-a-qualitative-study-of-healthcare-professionals-patients-and-caregivers-perspectives
#2
Sumytra Menon, Marijke Kars, Chetna Malhotra, Alastair V Campbell, J J M van Delden
CONTEXT: Advance care planning has been shown to improve end-of-life care but it was developed in the USA and most research has been conducted in western communities. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to study the attitudes and perceptions of patients with life-limiting illnesses, informal caregivers, doctors, nurses and medical social workers regarding advance care planning in a multi-cultural family-centric community. METHODS: We conducted an explorative qualitative study, using focus groups and individual in-depth interviews...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775628/-cost-effectiveness-of-interventions-to-improve-hand-hygiene-in-healthcare-workers-in-middle-income-hospital-settings-a-model-based-analysis
#3
Nantasit Luangasanatip, Maliwan Hongsuwan, Yoel Lubell, Direk Limmathurotsakul, Pramot Srisamang, Nicholas Pj Day, Nicholas Graves, Ben S Cooper
BACKGROUND: Multimodal interventions are effective in increasing hand hygiene (HH) compliance amongst healthcare workers, but it is not known whether such interventions are cost-effective outside high-income countries. AIM: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of multimodal hospital interventions to improve hand hygiene (HH) compliance in a middle-income country. METHOD: We adopted a conservative approach by developing a model to determine whether reductions in Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bloodstream infections (MRSA-BSI) alone would make HH interventions cost-effective in intensive care units (ICUs)...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775568/neonicotinoids-decrease-sucrose-responsiveness-of-honey-bees-at-first-contact
#4
Fabien J Démares, Christian W W Pirk, Susan W Nicolson, Hannelie Human
For two decades, neonicotinoid insecticides have been extensively used worldwide. Targeting neuronal receptors, they have deleterious effects on the behaviour and physiology of many of many beneficial as well as harmful insects. Bees are exposed to these insecticides in pollen and nectar while providing pollination services to agricultural crops, and neonicotinoids have been shown to impair navigation by bees and to decrease their foraging activity. We have previously reported the effect of dietary thiamethoxam on sucrose responsiveness of young worker bees...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Insect Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775178/absence-of-nosocomial-transmission-of-imported-lassa-fever-during-use-of-standard-barrier-nursing-methods
#5
Anna Grahn, Andreas Bråve, Thomas Tolfvenstam, Marie Studahl
Nosocomial transmission of Lassa virus (LASV) is reported to be low when care for the index patient includes proper barrier nursing methods. We investigated whether asymptomatic LASV infection occurred in healthcare workers who used standard barrier nursing methods during the first 15 days of caring for a patient with Lassa fever in Sweden. Of 76 persons who were defined as having been potentially exposed to LASV, 53 provided blood samples for detection of LASV IgG. These persons also responded to a detailed questionnaire to evaluate exposure to different body fluids from the index patient...
June 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775065/maldi-imaging-analysis-of-neuropeptides-in-africanized-honeybee-apis-mellifera-brain-effect-of-aggressiveness
#6
Marcel Pratavieira, Anally Ribeiro da Silva Menegasso, Franciele Grego Esteves, Kenny Umino Sato, Osmar Malaspina, Mario Sérgio Palma
The aggressiveness in honeybees seems to be regulated by multiple genes, under the influence of different factors, such as polyethism of workers, environmental factors, and response to alarm pheromones, creating a series of behavioral responses. It is suspected that neuropeptides seem to be involved with the regulation of the aggressive behavior. The role of allatostatin and tachykinin-related neuropeptides in honeybee brain during the aggressive behavior is unknown; thus, worker honeybees were stimulated to attack and to sting leather targets hanged in front of the colonies...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774846/occupation-associated-fatal-limbic-encephalitis-caused-by-variegated-squirrel-bornavirus-1-germany-2013
#7
Dennis Tappe, Kore Schlottau, Daniel Cadar, Bernd Hoffmann, Lorenz Balke, Burkhard Bewig, Donata Hoffmann, Philip Eisermann, Helmut Fickenscher, Andi Krumbholz, Helmut Laufs, Monika Huhndorf, Maria Rosenthal, Walter Schulz-Schaeffer, Gabriele Ismer, Sven-Kevin Hotop, Mark Brönstrup, Anthonina Ott, Jonas Schmidt-Chanasit, Martin Beer
Limbic encephalitis is commonly regarded as an autoimmune-mediated disease. However, after the recent detection of zoonotic variegated squirrel bornavirus 1 in a Prevost's squirrel (Callosciurus prevostii) in a zoo in northern Germany, we retrospectively investigated a fatal case in an autoantibody-seronegative animal caretaker who had worked at that zoo. The virus had been discovered in 2015 as the cause of a cluster of cases of fatal encephalitis among breeders of variegated squirrels (Sciurus variegatoides) in eastern Germany...
June 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774715/-health-surveillance-programme-for-workers-with-past-asbestos-exposure-in-tuscany-region-central-italy
#8
Elisabetta Chellini, Francesca Battisti, Maura Pellegri, Maurizio Baldacci, Domenico Sallese, Alfonso Cristaudo, Pietro Sartorelli, Giulio Arcangeli, Massimo Paoli, Sandra Fani, Gianluca Festa, Piergiuseppe Calà
Asbestos-related diseases are characterized by a long latency time since exposure. This accounts for a health surveillance programme addressed to asbestos workers to be performed for decades after the cessation of occupational exposure. We describe the health surveillance programme for former asbestos-exposed workers in Tuscany Region (Central Italy), with particular attention to organization and related critical issues. The Deliberation of the Regional Administration of Tuscany (No. 396/2016) supports the programme, defined by a regional group of experts, and defines the public health services where the programme has to be implemented...
March 2018: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774294/seroprevalence-and-awareness-of-porcine-cysticercosis-across-different-pig-production-systems-in-south-central-cambodia
#9
Aderosoye Adenuga, Ana Mateus, Chhay Ty, Khieu Borin, Davun Holl, Sorn San, Victoria Duggan, Madeleine Clark, Gavin J D Smith, Richard Coker, Andrew Vaughn, James W Rudge
Background: Taeniasis/cysticercosis, caused by the pork tapeworm Taenia solium , represents an important public health and economic burden in endemic countries. However, there is a paucity of data on infection among pigs in many parts of Southeast Asia, particularly Cambodia. We aimed to estimate seroprevalence of porcine cysticercosis, and investigate husbandary practices and knowledge of the disease among livestock workers, across different pig sector units in south-central Cambodia...
February 2018: Parasite Epidemiology and Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774153/burden-of-impaired-sleep-quality-on-work-productivity-in-functional-dyspepsia
#10
Juntaro Matsuzaki, Hidekazu Suzuki, Koji Togawa, Tsuyoshi Yamane, Hideki Mori, Takahiro Komori, Tatsuhiro Masaoka, Takanori Kanai
Background: Impaired sleep quality is common, and can reduce work productivity in patients with functional dyspepsia (FD). Objective: The objective of this article is to evaluate whether there is a direct association between the presence of FD and the severity of impaired sleep quality, and to calculate the economic loss due to the decreased work productivity associated with sleep quality. Methods: In Study 1, using a web-based survey completed by workers with and without FD, we evaluated impaired sleep quality, work and daily productivity, and the severity of reflux and bowel symptoms...
April 2018: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773968/solving-routing-problems-with-pairwise-synchronization-constraints
#11
Sophie N Parragh, Karl F Doerner
Pairwise route synchronization constraints are commonly encountered in the field of service technician routing and scheduling and in the area of mobile care. Pairwise route synchronization refers to constraints that require that two technicians or home care workers visit the same location at exactly the same time. We consider constraints of this type in the context of the well-known vehicle routing problem with time windows and a generic service technician routing and scheduling problem. Different approaches for dealing with the problem of pairwise route synchronization are compared and several ways of integrating a synchronization component into a metaheuristic algorithm tailored to the original problems are analyzed...
2018: Central European Journal of Operations Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773926/comparative-analysis-of-airborne-bacteria-and-fungi-in-two-salt-mines-in-poland
#12
Elżbieta Gębarowska, Wojciech Pusz, Jolanta Kucińska, Włodzimierz Kita
The aim of this work was to determine the genera or species composition and the number of colony forming units of airborne bacteria and fungi, respectively, in two salt mines in Poland "Wieliczka" (Lesser Poland) and "Polkowice-Sieroszowice" (Lower Silesia). Both of them are working environments characterized by extreme conditions, and additionally "Wieliczka," officially placed on the UNESCO World Heritage Sites' list, plays a role of tourist attraction. There are also some curative chambers located in this mine...
2018: Aerobiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773925/predictors-of-nest-growth-diminishing-returns-for-subordinates-in-the-paper-wasp-polistes-dominula
#13
Lena Grinsted, Jeremy Field
Abstract: In cooperative breeders, subordinates that have alternative reproductive options are expected to stay and help dominant breeders only as long as they contribute to group productivity, if their fitness is linked with colony success. Female Polistes dominula paper wasps live as cooperative breeders in small groups of typically fewer than 10 females. Subordinates tend to have high-quality outside options, and so could choose alternative breeding tactics if their work efforts increased productivity negligibly...
2018: Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773123/circumstances-of-child-deaths-in-mali-and-uganda-a-community-based-confidential-enquiry
#14
Merlin L Willcox, Elias Kumbakumba, Drissa Diallo, Vincent Mubangizi, Peter Kirabira, Florence Nakaggwa, Birungi Mutahunga, Chiaka Diakité, Eugene Dembélé, Mamadou Traoré, Pierre Daou, Drissa Bamba, Amadou Traoré, Diafara Berthé, Nick Wooding, Kieran Dinwoodie, Sarah Capewell, Hamish Foster, Rowena Neville, Joseph Ngonzi, Jerome Kabakyenga, David Mant, Anthony Harnden
BACKGROUND: Interventions to reduce child deaths in Africa have often underachieved, causing the Millennium Development Goal targets to be missed. We assessed whether a community enquiry into the circumstances of death could improve intervention effectiveness by identifying local avoidable factors and explaining implementation failures. METHODS: Deaths of children younger than 5 years were ascertained by community informants in two districts in Mali (762 deaths) and three districts in Uganda (442 deaths) in 2011-15...
June 2018: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773069/high-altitude-pulmonary-hypertension
#15
Maurizio Bussotti, Giovanni Marchese
The effects of hypoxia on the human organism has been considered doubly fascinating by the scientific community: the knowledge of the discrete mechanisms allowing the acclimatization both at the genetic level or through the cell mediators production in addition to the macroscopic responses of the cardio-circulatory and ventilatory systems to a hypoxic environment has been progressively developed since the last century; moreover granting a safer stay in hypoxic conditions not only for the residents but also for the different cathegories of workers, sportsmen and tourists has been considered a worthy aim of the medical activity...
May 17, 2018: Cardiovascular & Hematological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772877/report-back-for-geo-referenced-environmental-data-a-case-study-on-personal-monitoring-of-temperature-in-outdoor-workers
#16
Laura Thompson, Maggie Sugg, Jennifer Runkle
Few studies have evaluated the benefits of reporting back participatory environmental monitoring results, particularly regarding participant motivation toward behavioural modification concerning workplace heat exposure. This study evaluated the individual data report-back for geo-located environmental temperature and time activity patterns in grounds maintenance crews in three geographic regions across the South-eastern United States. Surveys collected information on worker interpretation of their results and intended action(s) to reduce heat exposure...
May 7, 2018: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772818/integrated-method-for-personal-thermal-comfort-assessment-and-optimization-through-users-feedback-iot-and-machine-learning-a-case-study-%C3%A2
#17
Francesco Salamone, Lorenzo Belussi, Cristian Currò, Ludovico Danza, Matteo Ghellere, Giulia Guazzi, Bruno Lenzi, Valentino Megale, Italo Meroni
Thermal comfort has become a topic issue in building performance assessment as well as energy efficiency. Three methods are mainly recognized for its assessment. Two of them based on standardized methodologies, face the problem by considering the indoor environment in steady-state conditions (PMV and PPD) and users as active subjects whose thermal perception is influenced by outdoor climatic conditions (adaptive approach). The latter method is the starting point to investigate thermal comfort from an overall perspective by considering endogenous variables besides the traditional physical and environmental ones...
May 17, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772803/the-impact-of-activity-based-working-abw-on-workplace-activity-eating-behaviours-productivity-and-satisfaction
#18
Lauren Arundell, Bronwyn Sudholz, Megan Teychenne, Jo Salmon, Brooke Hayward, Genevieve N Healy, Anna Timperio
The redesign of the physical workplace according to activity-based working (ABW) principles has potential to influence employee health and workplace outcomes. This natural experiment examined changes in accelerometer-derived workplace activity, self-reported eating behaviours, productivity, workplace satisfaction before (March to November 2014) and six to nine months after moving to an ABW workplace compared to a comparison workplace ( n = 146 at baseline (56% ABW, aged 40.1 ± 8.5 years, 72% female). Interviews were also conducted with 21 ABW participants...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772756/developing-an-acoustic-sensing-yarn-for-health-surveillance-in-a-military-setting
#19
Theodore Hughes-Riley, Tilak Dias
Overexposure to high levels of noise can cause permanent hearing disorders, which have a significant adverse effect on the quality of life of those affected. Injury due to noise can affect people in a variety of careers including construction workers, factory workers, and members of the armed forces. By monitoring the noise exposure of workers, overexposure can be avoided and suitable protective equipment can be provided. This work focused on the creation of a noise dosimeter suitable for use by members of the armed forces, where a discrete dosimeter was integrated into a textile helmet cover...
May 17, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772468/understanding-child-protection-decisions-involving-parents-with-mental-illness-and-substance-abuse
#20
Joseph N Roscoe, Bridgette Lery, Jaclyn E Chambers
Among children investigated for maltreatment, those with parents experiencing mental illness or substance abuse are more likely to be placed out-of-home; however, little is known about why these children are at greater risk. Using a sample of 2488 Structured Decision Making® assessments administered in San Francisco county from 2011 to 2015, we identified a profile of safety threats that accounts for why workers are more likely to determine children of parents with mental illness and/or substance abuse unsafe in the home...
May 14, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
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