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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329934/-hiv-infection-and-associated-factors-in-hiv-antibody-positive-clients-of-female-sex-workers-recently-reported-in-shaanxi-province
#1
T Hu, W H Chang, M Y Zhang
Objective: To investigate the current status of HIV infection and the related factors in HIV antibody positive clients of female sex workers (FSWs) recently reported in Shaanxi province. Methods: The HIV/AIDS cases newly diagnosed in males living in Shaanxi from January 1th of 2013 to June 30th of 2014 were selected and those infected through " commercial heterosexual behavior" were identified. The information about their demographic characteristics, previous unprotected heterosexual sex and the sample sources were collected, and serum or plasma samples were collected from them and tested with BED-CEIA...
March 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329933/-study-on-hiv-1-subtype-among-elderly-male-clients-and-female-sex-workers-of-low-cost-venues-in-guangxi-zhuang-autonomous-region-china
#2
Y Q Deng, J J Li, N Y Fang, B Wang, J W Wang, S S Liang, Z Y Shen, G H Lan, H M Zhang, X H Wu, H X Lu, X M Ge
Objective: To understand HIV-1 subtype characteristics and transmission clusters in elderly male clients and female sex workers (FSWs) of low-cost commercial sex venues in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China. Methods: A cross sectional survey was conducted in FSWs and elderly male clients (≥50 years) of low-cost commercial sex venues in 4 cities and 9 counties in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region by convenient sampling in 2012. The blood sample was collected from each case for HIV-1 antibody detection...
March 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329826/supportive-supervision-and-staff-intent-to-turn-over-in-long-term-care-homes
#3
Jennifer Bethell, Charlene H Chu, Walter P Wodchis, Kevin Walker, Steven C Stewart, Katherine S McGilton
Background and Objectives: To examine the association between supervisory support and intent to turn over among personal support workers (PSWs) employed in long-term care (LTC) homes in Ontario, Canada, by assessing whether the association is mediated by job satisfaction and the potential confounding effect of happiness. Research Design and Methods: Cross-sectional survey data of 5,645 PSWs working within 398 LTC homes in Ontario, Canada, were obtained and analysed through a series of multilevel regression models...
March 14, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329415/the-hand-hygiene-compliance-of-student-nurses-during-clinical-placements
#4
Jorun Saetre Sundal, Anne Grethe Aune, Eline Storvig, Jenny Kristin Aasland, Kaja Linn Fjeldsaeter, Kirsti Torjuul
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To observe student nurses' overall and moment-specific hand hygiene compliance during clinical placement. BACKGROUND: Hand hygiene is the single most important measure to prevent healthcare-associated infections (HAIs). However, research has shown low compliance among healthcare workers. During clinical placements, student nurses perform various nursing tasks and procedures to a large number of patients, requiring extensive patient contact. It is crucial that they practice correct hand hygiene in order to prevent healthcare-associated infections...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329184/the-causal-effect-of-tracing-by-peer-health-workers-on-return-to-clinic-among-patients-who-were-lost-to-follow-up-from-antiretroviral-therapy-in-eastern-africa-a-randomized-natural-experiment-arising-from-surveillance-of-lost-patients
#5
Anna Bershetyn, Thomas A Odeny, Rita Lyamuya, Alice Nakiwogga-Muwanga, Lameck Diero, Mwebesa Bwana, Paula Braitstein, Geoffrey Somi, Andrew Kambugu, Elizabeth Bukusi, Wendy Hartogensis, David V Glidden, Kara Wools-Kaloustian, Constantin Yiannoutsos, Jeffrey Martin, Elvin H Geng
Background: The effect of tracing HIV patients who are lost to follow-up (LTFU) on re-engagement has not been rigorously assessed. We carried out an ex-post analysis of a surveillance study in which LTFU patients were randomly selected for tracing to identify the effect of tracing on re-engagement. Methods: We evaluated HIV-infected adults on antiretroviral therapy who were LTFU (> 90 days late for last visit) at 14 clinics in Uganda, Kenya, and Tanzania. A random sample of LTFU patients was selected for tracing by peer health workers...
March 17, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329010/phylogenetic-reconstruction-of-syntermitinae-isoptera-termitidae-based-on-morphological-and-molecular-data
#6
Mauricio M Rocha, Adriana C Morales-Corrêa E Castro, Carolina Cuezzo, Eliana M Cancello
The subfamily Syntermitinae comprises a group of Neotropical termites with 18 genera and 101 species described. It has been considered a natural group, but relationships among the genera within the subfamily remain uncertain, and some genera appear to be non-monophyletic. Here, we provide a comprehensive phylogeny including six Neotropical species of Termitinae as outgroup, 42 Syntermitinae species as ingroup, 92 morphological characters (from external and internal anatomy of soldier and worker castes) and 117 molecular sequences (109 obtained for this study and 8 from GenBank) of 4 gene regions (41 and 22 from Cytochrome Oxidase I and II respectively, 19 from Cytochrome b, and 35 from 16S rDNA)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328931/x-ray-microtomography-for-ant-taxonomy-an-exploration-and-case-study-with-two-new-terataner-hymenoptera-formicidae-myrmicinae-species-from-madagascar
#7
Francisco Hita Garcia, Georg Fischer, Cong Liu, Tracy L Audisio, Gary D Alpert, Brian L Fisher, Evan P Economo
We explore the potential of x-ray micro computed tomography (μCT) for the field of ant taxonomy by using it to enhance the descriptions of two remarkable new species of the ant genus Terataner: T. balrog sp. n. and T. nymeria sp. n.. We provide an illustrated worker-based species identification key for all species found on Madagascar, as well as detailed taxonomic descriptions, which include diagnoses, discussions, measurements, natural history data, high-quality montage images and distribution maps for both new species...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328819/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-contact-dermatitis-among-clothing-manufacturing-employees-in-beijing-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Yu-Xin Chen, Hai-Yan Cheng, Lin-Feng Li
Little is known about the epidemiology of contact dermatitis (CD) in the Chinese clothing industry. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and some risk factors of contact dermatitis among clothing manufacturing employees in Beijing.This cross-sectional study was conducted by interview using self-administered questionnaires and skin examination between May and August in 2016. Five-hundred twenty-nine employees who had worked at sewing, ironing, and as managers at 12 clothing manufacturing factories were studied...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328688/prioritizing-the-care-of-critically-ill-children-in-south-africa-how-does-screen-perform-against-other-triage-tools
#9
Bhakti Hansoti, Peter Hodkinson, Lee Wallis
OBJECTIVE: Childhood mortality remains unacceptably high. In low-resource settings, children with critical illness often present for care. Current triage strategies are time consuming and require trained health care workers. To address this limitation, our team developed a simple subjective tool, SCREEN (Sick Children Require Emergency Evaluation Now), which is easy to administer, to identify critically ill children. This article presents the development of the SCREEN program and evaluates its performance when compared with other commonly implemented triage tools in low-resource settings...
March 21, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328656/psychological-reactions-social-support-and-coping-styles-in-pakistani-female-burn-survivors
#10
Samreen Idrees, Fayyaz Ahmad Faize, Mubeen Akhtar
This study was aimed to explore the level of psychological distress and posttraumatic stress among female burn survivors in Pakistan. It was also intended to study the kind of social support available to these burn survivors in a society where women right violation is common. The sample consisted of 35 female burn victims selected from two hospitals. General Health Questionnaire, posttraumatic stress disorder Checklist-Specific, and Social Support Scale were used to measure study variables in addition to a short open-ended questionnaire to identify coping strategies of these burn survivors...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328305/development-and-implementation-of-online-training-modules-on-abuse-neglect-and-exploitation
#11
Farida K Ejaz, Miriam Rose, Georgia Anetzberger
Online training for care managers to identify, report, and prevent abuse, neglect, and exploitation was developed for a demonstration involving the dually eligible Medicare and Medicaid population. It was comprised of three modules covering background, screening, and reporting abuse. Of 453 enrollees, 273 completed at least one module and 212 completed all three. Pre- and post-training surveys for each module were used to examine changes in the proportion of correct answers for each question, using the related-samples Cochran's Q statistic...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327828/-tuberculosis-in-health-workers-in-peru-2013-2015
#12
Mirtha Gabriela Soto-Cabezas, Ana María Chávez-Pachas, Juan Carlos Arrasco-Alegre, Martin Javier Alfredo Yagui-Moscoso
Objectives.: To describe the characteristics of tuberculosis epidemiology in Peruvian health workers. Materials and methods.: A descriptive study was performed. It included all health workers with tuberculosis listed in the national epidemiological surveillance system of the Peruvian Ministry of Health, during 2013, 2014, and 2015. Results.: A total of 755 cases of tuberculosis in health workers were reported: 60% worked in hospitals, 28% worked in primary-care facilities, and 12% worked in private facilities...
October 2016: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327495/risk-factors-for-latent-tuberculosis-infection-ltbi-in-health-profession-s-students-of-the-university-of-parma
#13
Silvia Bonini, Maria Grazia Riccelli, Matteo Goldoni, Luisella Selis, Massimo Corradi
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK: Nowadays Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the major Public Health problems for several professional categories. According to Italian law, University students are compared to workers: the main risk for them is represented by biological risk, in particular by blood-transmitted or by air-transmitted agents. As for TB, many scientific studies demonstrated that prevalence of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in Medicine and Surgery students was lower than those in health workers and in general population...
March 14, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327484/workplace-violence-against-resident-doctors-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-delhi
#14
Tanu Anand, Shekhar Grover, Rajesh Kumar, Madhan Kumar, Gopal Krishna Ingle
BACKGROUND: Healthcare workers particularly doctors are at high risk of being victims of verbal and physical violence perpetrated by patients or their relatives. There is a paucity of studies on work-related violence against doctors in India. We aimed to assess the exposure of workplace violence among doctors, its consequences among those who experienced it and its perceived risk factors. METHODS: This study was done among doctors working in a tertiary care hospital in Delhi...
November 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327274/physician-extenders-on-surgical-services-a%C3%A2-systematic-review
#15
Jagdeep Johal, Andrew Dodd
BACKGROUND: With the introduction of resident duty hour restrictions and the resulting in-house trainee shortages, a long-term solution to ensure safe and efficient patient care is needed. One solution is the integration of nurse practitioners (NPs) and physician assistants (PAs) in a variety of health care settings. We sought to examine the use of NPs and PAs on surgical/trauma services and their effect on patient outcomes and resident workload. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of EMBASE, Medline, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials...
April 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327180/an-assessment-of-national-surveillance-systems-for-malaria-elimination-in-the-asia-pacific
#16
Chris Erwin G Mercado, Nattwut Ekapirat, Arjen M Dondorp, Richard J Maude
BACKGROUND: Heads of Government from Asia and the Pacific have committed to a malaria-free region by 2030. In 2015, the total number of confirmed cases reported to the World Health Organization by 22 Asia Pacific countries was 2,461,025. However, this was likely a gross underestimate due in part to incidence data not being available from the wide variety of known sources. There is a recognized need for an accurate picture of malaria over time and space to support the goal of elimination...
March 21, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326998/effects-of-organizational-safety-practices-and-perceived-safety-climate-on-ppe-usage-engineering-controls-and-adverse-events-involving-liquid-antineoplastic-drugs-among-nurses
#17
David M DeJoy, Todd D Smith, Henok Woldu, Mari-Amanda Dyal, Andrea L Steege, James M Boiano
PURPOSE: Antineoplastic drugs pose risks to the healthcare workers who handle them. This fact notwithstanding, adherence to safe handing guidelines remains inconsistent and often poor. This study examined the effects of pertinent organizational safety practices and perceived safety climate on the use of personal protective equipment, engineering controls, and adverse events (spill/leak or skin contact) involving liquid antineoplastic drugs Method: Data for this study came from the 2011 National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Health and Safety Practices Survey of Healthcare Workers which included a sample of approximately 1,800 nurses who had administered liquid antineoplastic drugs during the past seven days...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326108/secondary-traumatic-stress-and-burnout-of-north-korean-refugees-service-providers
#18
Yeunhee Joyce Kim
OBJECTIVE: The current study investigated the burnout and secondary traumatic stress of service providers for North Korean (NK) refugees based on the conceptual framework of theJob Demands-Resources (JD-R) model of workplace burnout. METHODS: A cross-sectional self-administered survey was conducted with a national sample consisting of all 63 organizations in direct services to North Korean refugees. Of the estimated total number of 230 service providers comprising of social workers, psychotherapists, job counselors and paraprofessional counselors, 179 completed the survey, a 77...
March 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325980/baby-killers-documentation-and-evolution-of-scuttle-fly-diptera-phoridae-parasitism-of-ant-hymenoptera-formicidae-brood
#19
Brian V Brown, John M Hash, Emily A Hartop, Wendy Porras, Dalton de Souza Amorim
BACKGROUND: Numerous well-documented associations occur among species of scuttle flies (Diptera: Phoridae) and ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), but examples of brood parasitism are rare and the mechanisms of parasitism often remain unsubstantiated. NEW INFORMATION: We present two video-documented examples of ant brood (larvae and pupae) parasitism by scuttle flies. In footage from Estação Biológica de Boracéia in Brazil, adult females of Ceratoconus setipennis Borgmeier can be seen attacking workers of Linepithema humile (Mayr) species group while they are carrying brood, and ovipositing directly onto brood in the nest...
2017: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325496/international-organizations-risk-assessment-and-research-why-what-and-how
#20
REVIEW
R Julian Preston
The process of setting radiation protection standards requires the interaction of a number of international and national organizations that in turn require the input of scientific and regulatory experts. Bill Morgan served in an expert capacity for several of these organizations particularly for the application of radiation biology data to risk assessment. He brought great enthusiasm and dedication to these committee efforts. In fact, he really enjoyed this type of service. The United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR), for example, provides comprehensive reviews of the input data for radiation risk assessments...
March 8, 2017: Mutation Research
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