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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743053/school-staff-members-experience-and-knowledge-in-the-reporting-of-potential-child-and-youth-victimization
#1
Ana M Greco, Georgina Guilera, Noemí Pereda
Victimization has been widely demonstrated to have negative consequences in minors. Most crimes against children go unreported and victims tend to reach adulthood without receiving any of the available specialized support. Studies have highlighted the unique role of school workers in early detection and reporting of possible cases of victimization, and have also found high rates of underreporting by school staff. The present study analyzes the underreporting of child and youth victimization suspicions among school staff and aims to identify variables related to its detection and reporting...
July 22, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742992/utilizing-secondary-agricultural-education-programs-to-deliver-evidence-based-grain-safety-training-for-young-and-beginning-workers
#2
Yuan-Hsin Cheng, William E Field, Roger L Tormoehlen, Brian F French
Purdue University's Agricultural Safety and Health Program (PUASHP) has collaborated with secondary agricultural education programs, including FFA Chapters, for over 70 years to deliver and promote agricultural safety and health programming. With support from a U.S. Department of Labor Susan Harwood Program grant, PUASHP utilized a Developing a Curriculum (DACUM) process to develop, implement, and evaluate an evidence-based curriculum for use with young and beginning workers, ages 16-20, exposed to hazards associated with grain storage and handling...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742989/agricultural-leaders-influence-on-the-safety-culture-of-workers
#3
Frank A Gasperini
Most US farmers are small, independent owner-operators, many of whom are exempt from safety regulation and enforcement, as well as age restrictions relative to family members performing hazardous tasks. These smaller farms account for a disproportionate share of the total fatality and injury statistics from farming incidents, contributing to an agriculture-industry death rate that is seven times greater than all occupations combined. In contrast, large agricultural enterprises that employ larger numbers of non-family workers are more regulated and more highly incentivized by economic, supply chain, and societal factors to implement cultures of safety, and are more readily influenced by agricultural opinion leaders, agribusinesses, farm organizations, and agricultural media...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742987/caring-for-children-while-working-in-agriculture-the-perspective-of-farmworker-parents
#4
Amy K Liebman, Juliana Simmons, Marsha Salzwedel, Antonio Tovar-Aguilar, Barbara Lee
Access to safe, off-farm childcare is often a challenge for farmworkers with young children and is likely to become an increasingly salient barrier as more agricultural workers migrate together with families and as the number of women entering the agricultural workforce increases. Agriculture is one of the most hazardous industries, and the presence of young children in the workplace puts them at risk. To better understand the current nature of childcare for farmworker families and the challenges to accessing services, this project facilitated in-person surveys with 132 parents in three communities in Florida...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742974/chiropractic-curriculum-mapping-and-congruence-of-the-evidence-for-workplace-interventions-in-work-related-neck-pain
#5
Martin Frutiger, Peter Jeffery Tuchin
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to provide a best-synthesis summary of the literature for effective workplace health promotion interventions (WHPI) for work-related mechanical neck pain (MNP) and to determine the congruence between knowledge of WHPI for work-related MNP and coverage of MNP in the chiropractic postgraduate program at Macquarie University. METHODS: A literature review was undertaken to determine effective WHPI for work-related MNP. We searched Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, and PEDro (from 1991 to 2016) for systematic reviews and meta-analyses...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742933/gene-expression-is-more-strongly-influenced-by-age-than-caste-in-the-ant-lasius-niger
#6
Eric R Lucas, Jonathan Romiguier, Laurent Keller
Phenotypic plasticity, where a single genome can give rise to different phenotypes, underlies many remarkable features of the natural world and occurs in a wide range of organisms. Understanding the transcriptional differences that underlie plastic phenotypes remains a major unsolved problem in biology. In many ants, females can develop into either queens or workers, two phenotypes with different morphology, behaviour and longevity. In comparison to workers, queens are larger, more fecund and longer-lived. Here, we study gene expression differences between queens and workers in the ant Lasius niger...
July 25, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742854/risk-of-exposure-to-potential-vector-mosquitoes-for-rural-workers-in-northern-lao-pdr
#7
Julie-Anne A Tangena, Phoutmany Thammavong, Steve W Lindsay, Paul T Brey
BACKGROUND: One major consequence of economic development in South-East Asia has been a rapid expansion of rubber plantations, in which outbreaks of dengue and malaria have occurred. Here we explored the difference in risk of exposure to potential dengue, Japanese encephalitis (JE), and malaria vectors between rubber workers and those engaged in traditional forest activities in northern Laos PDR. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Adult mosquitoes were collected for nine months in secondary forests, mature and immature rubber plantations, and villages...
July 25, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742853/leadership-and-management-training-as-a-catalyst-to-health-system-strengthening-in-low-income-settings-evidence-from-implementation-of-the-zambia-management-and-leadership-course-for-district-health-managers-in-zambia
#8
Wilbroad Mutale, Anne-Thora Vardoy-Mutale, Arthur Kachemba, Roman Mukendi, Kupela Clarke, Dennis Mulenga
BACKGROUND: Research has shown that the modes of leadership and management may influence health outcomes. However, majority of health leaders and managers in many low-income countries are promoted on account of clinical expertise. It has been recognised that these new managers are often ill-prepared for managing complex health systems. In response to this challenge, the Zambian Ministry of Health (MoH) has developed the Governance and Management Capacity Building (GMCB) Strategic Plan (2012-2016), whose overarching goal is to improve health sector governance and create an environment that is result-oriented, accountable and transparent...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742767/sedentary-occupation-workers-who-meet-the-physical-activity-recommendations-have-a-reduced-risk-for-metabolic-syndrome-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Rodrigo Alberto Vieira Browne, Luiz Fernando Farias-Junior, Yuri Alberto Freire, Daniel Schwade, Geovani de Araújo Dantas de Macêdo, Vilma Bayma Montenegro, Thiago Jambo Alves Lopes, Filipe Fernandes Oliveira Dantas, Eduardo Caldas Costa
OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypothesis that sedentary occupation workers who meet the physical activity recommendations present a lower risk for metabolic syndrome (MetS) than their nonactive counterparts. METHODS: A cross-sectional study involving 502 sedentary occupation workers. Physical activity level was self-reported. MetS was defined by International Diabetes Federation criteria. RESULTS: The active group showed lower odds for MetS [odds ratio (OR) 0...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742764/linking-compensation-and-health-surveillance-data-sets-to-improve-knowledge-of-us-coal-miners-health
#10
Kirsten S Almberg, Robert A Cohen, David J Blackley, Anthony S Laney, Eileen Storey, Cara N Halldin
OBJECTIVE: Increase knowledge of US coal miners' respiratory health by linking data from the black lung benefits program (BLBP) and the coal workers' health surveillance program (CWHSP). METHODS: BLBP claims data from 2000 through 2013 was linked to CWHSP data from 1970 through 2016. RESULTS: Overall, 273,644 miners participated in CWHSP, 37,548 in BLBP, and 22,903 in both programs. Median age of miners at their time of first/only participation in CWHSP was 28 and 32 years, respectively...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742763/implementation-of-a-national-workplace-wellness-program-for-health-workers-in-botswana
#11
Jenny H Ledikwe, Bazghina-Werq Semo, Miram Sebego, Maureen Mpho, Heather Mothibedi, Shreshth Mawandia, Gabrielle O'Malley
: The Botswana workplace wellness program (WWP) for health care workers (HCWs) was initiated in 2007. WWP implementation was assessed using a sequential, explanatory, mixed methods design including a national implementation assessment (27 health districts) and in-depth interviews (n = 38). Level of implementation varied across districts with health screening, therapeutic recreation, and health promotion implemented more frequently than occupational health activities and psychosocial services. Facilitators to WWP implementation included establishment of a dedicated, diverse WWP committee; provision of administrative support, and integration of activities into organizational culture...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742449/a-case-history-introducing-the-oregon-ag-seminar-series-keys-to-program-and-research-to-practice-success
#12
Marcy J Harrington, Kirk Lloyd
This case history of Oregon state's Ag Seminar Series is consistent with the Socio-Ecological Model, demonstrating how policy at a state level can influence an organizational approach with impacts that ultimately influence safety practices on the farm. From modest beginnings, the Ag Seminar Series, offered through a workers compensation insurance company, now serves over 2,300 Oregon farmers annually in English and Spanish. This case offers unique but also replicable methods for educators, insurers, and researchers in safety education, safety motivators, and research-to-practice (r2p)...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742382/occurrence-and-antibiotic-susceptibility-of-listeria-species-and-staphylococcus-aureus-in-cattle-slaughterhouses-of-kerala-south-india
#13
Tanuja K G M Gowda, Latha C, Sunil B, Inge Van Damme
A total of 765 samples were collected from beef carcasses, knives, cutting table surfaces, beef, hands, air, and water from four cattle slaughterhouses of Kerala, South India, to determine the occurrence and antibiotic susceptibility of Listeria species and Staphylococcus aureus. Listeria spp. were isolated from beef carcasses (2.0%), knives (3.7%), cutting table surfaces (1.9%), beef (0.7%), and water (1.3%). The identified species were Listeria monocytogenes (0.1%), Listeria innocua (0.9%), and Listeria ivanovii (0...
July 25, 2017: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742281/structured-identification-of-response-options-to-address-environmental-health-risks-at-the-agbogbloshie-electronic-waste-site
#14
Danielle Cazabon, Julius N Fobil, George Essegbey, Niladri Basu
Electronic waste (E-waste) is a growing problem across low- and middle-income countries. Agbogbloshie (Accra, Ghana) is among the world's largest and most notorious e-waste sites, with an increasing number of studies documenting a range of environmental health risks. This study aimed to provide national, regional, and international stakeholders with a summary of expert opinion on the most pressing problems arising from e-waste activities at Agbogbloshie, as well as suggested solutions to address these problems...
July 25, 2017: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741903/the-acceptability-and-validity-of-self-collected-nasal-swabs-for-detection-of-influenza-virus-infection-among-older-adults-in-thailand
#15
Sonal Goyal, Kriengkrai Prasert, Prabda Praphasiri, Malinee Chittaganpitch, Sunthareeya Waicharoen, Darunee Ditsungnoen, Siriluk Jaichuang, Kim A Lindblade
BACKGROUND: Self-collection of nasal swabs could improve the timeliness of influenza virus detection in older adults. OBJECTIVES: Measure the acceptability, adequacy, timeliness and validity of self-collected nasal swabs among adults ≥65 years in Thailand. METHODS: Our evaluation consisted of two parts: a one-month study among randomly-selected, community-dwelling older adults to simulate community-based surveillance for acute respiratory infections (ARI); and a clinic study of older adults with ARI to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of self-collected nasal swabs for influenza virus infection compared with healthcare worker (HCW)-collected nasal and nasopharyngeal swabs...
July 25, 2017: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741133/african-and-caribbean-nurses-decisions-about-hiv-testing-a-mixed-methods-study
#16
Jean N Harrowing, Nancy Edwards, Solina Richter, Karin Minnie, Tania Rae
Nurses in Jamaica, Kenya, South Africa, and Uganda are at risk for occupational exposure to HIV. Little is known about the experiences and policy supports related to nurses having themselves tested for the virus. This article reports a mixed-methods study about contextual influences on nurses' decision-making about HIV testing. Individual and focus group interviews, as well as a questionnaire on workplace polices and quality assurance and a human resource management assessment tool provided data. Fear of a positive diagnosis and stigma and lack of confidentiality along with gaps in the policy environment contributed to indecision about testing...
July 24, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741006/measuring-the-effectiveness-of-a-novel-cprcard%C3%A2-feedback-device-during-simulated-chest-compressions-by-non-healthcare-workers
#17
Alexander E White, Han Xian Ng, Wai Yee Ng, Eileen Kai Xin Ng, Stephanie Fook-Chong, Phek Hui Jade Kua, Marcus Eng Hock Ong
INTRODUCTION: There is a need for a simple-to-use and easy-to-carry CPR feedback device for laypersons. We aimed to determine if a novel CPRcard™ feedback device improved the quality of chest compressions. METHODS: We compared participants' chest compression rate and depth with and without feedback. Compression data was captured through the CPRcard™ or Resusci Anne's SimPad® SkillReporter™. Compression quality was defined based on 2010 international guidelines for rate, depth and flow fraction...
July 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740983/combining-epr-spectroscopy-and-x-ray-crystallography-to-elucidate-the-structure-and-dynamics-of-conformationally-constrained-spin-labels-in-t4-lysozyme-single-crystals
#18
Philipp Consentius, Ulrich Gohlke, Bernhard Loll, Claudia Alings, Udo Heinemann, Markus C Wahl, Thomas Risse
Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy in combination with site-directed spin labeling is used to investigate the structure and dynamics of conformationally constrained spin labels in T4 lysozyme single crystals. Within a single crystal, the oriented ensemble of spin bearing moieties results in a strong angle dependence of the EPR spectra. A quantitative description of the EPR spectra requires the determination of the unit cell orientation with respect to the sample tube and the orientation of the spin bearing moieties within the crystal lattice...
July 25, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740846/the-transmission-chain-analysis-of-2014-2015-ebola-virus-disease-outbreak-in-koinadugu-district-sierra-leone-an-observational-study
#19
Ifeanyi-Stanley Muoghalu, Francis Moses, Ishata Conteh, Patrick Swaray, Anthonia Ajudua, Anders Nordström
INTRODUCTION: Sierra Leone experienced an unprecedented Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in all its districts. Koinadugu District was the last to report an EVD case. Several outbreak response strategies were implemented. As part of lessons learnt, we conducted an observational study to describe the transmission chain in the district and the impact of the control measures implemented to contain the outbreak. METHODS: We reconstructed the transmission chain, positioning both confirmed and probable cases, described the distribution of the EVD confirmed cases in the context of the routes of transmission (Community, Funeral or Health facility setting) and assessed the impact of control measures using the surveillance data collected during the outbreak...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740377/mathematical-modeling-of-postcoinfection-with-influenza-a-virus-and-streptococcus-pneumoniae-with-implications-for-pneumonia-and-copd-risk-assessment
#20
Yi-Hsien Cheng, Shu-Han You, Yi-Jun Lin, Szu-Chieh Chen, Wei-Yu Chen, Wei-Chun Chou, Nan-Hung Hsieh, Chung-Min Liao
BACKGROUND: The interaction between influenza and pneumococcus is important for understanding how coinfection may exacerbate pneumonia. Secondary pneumococcal pneumonia associated with influenza infection is more likely to increase respiratory morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to assess exacerbated inflammatory effects posed by secondary pneumococcal pneumonia, given prior influenza infection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A well-derived mathematical within-host dynamic model of coinfection with influenza A virus and Streptococcus pneumoniae (SP) integrated with dose-response relationships composed of previously published mouse experimental data and clinical studies was implemented to study potentially exacerbated inflammatory responses in pneumonia based on a probabilistic approach...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
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