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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241700/-study-on-intervention-of-bloodborne-pathogen-exposure-in-a-general-hospital
#1
W J Li, M Zhang, C L Shi, C Xie
Objective: To improve the awareness of bloodborne pathogen exposure protection knowledge, reduce the contact incidence (including sharp injuries, contacting with the broken skin and mucous mem-brane contact) , and increase the self-report incidence of bloodborne pathogen exposure in the healthcare work-ers of the investigated hospital after the intervention. To summarize effective prevention and intervention mea-sures of occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogen. Methods: The project was on the basis of previous inves-tigations in a general hospital, after comparing the personnel structure and departments distribution of 727 HC-Ws before the intervention and 614 HCWs after the intervention, we selected several departments in which the healthcare workers with a higher risk of occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens...
January 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241694/-a-association-of-genetic-polymorphisms-of-xrcc1-and-damage-levels-in-workers-exposed-to-coal-tar-pitch
#2
F Zhang, X C Sun, C D Lu, W Zhang, H Shao, Z X Wang
Objective: To study the relationship between XRCC1 gene polymorphism and DNA damage in peripheral blood lymphocytes of workers exposed to coal tar pitch. Methods: 203 coal tar asphalt device operation area workers (exposure group) and 76 logistics management personnel (control group) as the research ob-ject, determination of 1-hydroxypyrene concentrations in the urine as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons expo-sure dose, using the alkaline comet assay evaluation a peripheral blood lymphocyte DNA damage degree, using TaqMan MGB real time PCR method to detect XRCC1 gene 3 loci (XRCC1-194, XRCC1-280 and XRCC1-399) single nucleotide polymorphism...
January 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241684/-features-of-peripheral-nerve-injuries-in-workers-exposed-to-vibration-an-analysis-of-197-cases
#3
J Situ, C M Lin, Z H Qin, D X Zhu, H Lin, F F Zhang, J J Zhang
Objective: To investigate the features of peripheral nerve injuries in workers exposed to vibration. Methods: A total of 197 male workers [median age: 34 years (21-50 years) ; median working years of vibration exposure: 7.3 years (1-20 years) ] engaged in grinding in an enterprise were enrolled. Their clinical data and electromyography results were analyzed to investigate the features of peripheral nerve impairment. Results: Of all workers, 96 (48.73%) had abnormal electromyography results. Of all workers, 88 (44...
December 20, 2016: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241680/-current-status-of-hearing-loss-and-related-influencing-factors-in-workers-with-noise-exposure-in-refining-and-chemical-industry
#4
S S Wu, J N Yu, C H He, H X Mu, C Wang, Y Zhang, C Y Zhang, S F Yu, X L Li
Objective: To investigate the current status of hearing loss and related influencing factors in workers with noise exposure in refining and chemical industry. Methods: From August 2015 to March 2016, the investigation method of collecting the data of past occupational health examinations and measuring noise in working environment was used to enroll 8 672 male workers. Results: Of all workers, 11.6% were diagnosed with hearing loss. There were significant differences in the distribution of hearing impairment among workers exposed to noise at different ages, device types and types of work (χ(2)=17...
December 20, 2016: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241677/-association-between-h3k4me3-bdnf-and-the-cognitive-function-of-workers-occupationally-exposed-to-aluminum
#5
H Y Qiu, P Ren, R Li, Q L Zhang, X T Lu, Q Niu
Objective: To investigate the influence of occupational aluminum exposure on cognitive function and its relationship with tri-methyl histone H3 lysine residues 4 points (H3K4me3) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels. Methods: By cluster random sampling method, a total of 235 cases of male workers selected from a Shanxi aluminum factory were recruited in the study in September 2015. Used the occupational epidemiological investigation questionnaire, which included Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) , Clock Drawing Test (CDT) , Digit Span Test (DST, including forward test DSFT and backward test DSBT) , Fuild Object Memory Evaluation (FOME) and Verbal Fluency Test (VFT) , to collect workers' basic information and assess their cognitive function score...
December 20, 2016: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241676/-influencing-factors-for-hearing-loss-in-workers-exposed-to-noise-in-a-cement-plant
#6
X M Wang, H Wu, J Jiao, Y H Li, Z R Zhang, W H Zhou, S F Yu
Objective: To investigate the incidence of noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) and related influencing factors in workers exposed to noise in a cement plant. Methods: In October 2015, cluster sampling was used for questionnaire investigation and health examination of workers exposed to noise in a cement plant in Henan Province, China. The association of demographic features, living habits, cumulative noise exposure (CNE) , hypertension, and hyperlipidemia with NIHL was analyzed. Results: There was mainly medium-or high-frequency noise in the working place of this cement plant...
December 20, 2016: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241675/-association-between-single-nucleotide-polymorphismsin-human-heat-shock-protein-70-gene-and-susceptibility-to-noise-induced-hearing-loss
#7
Y H Li, G S Chen, J Jiao, W H Zhou, H Wu, G Z Gu, H L Zhang, Y X Zheng, S F Yu
Objective: To investigate the association between the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at rs1043618, rs2075800, and rs2763979 in human heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) gene and susceptibility to noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) . Methods: A case-control study was performed, and 5 934 workers exposed to noise in an iron and steel plant in Henan, China, who underwent physical examination from 2006 to 2015, were enrolled as study subjects. According to the criteria of binaural average high - frequency (3000, 4000, and 6000 Hz) hearing threshold≥40 dB (HL) and monauralaverage speech-frequency (500, 1000, 2000 Hz) hearing threshold≥26 dB (HL) on the basis of binauralhigh frequency loss measured by pure tone audiometry, as well as the exclusion of NIHL, a total of 286 workers were enrolled as hearing loss group; after the adjustment for sex, type of work, age (difference≤5 years) , and working years of noise exposure (difference ≤2 years) , 286 workers were enrolled as control group...
December 20, 2016: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241674/-association-between-serum-magnesium-ion-level-and-risk-of-noise-induced-hearing-loss
#8
J Jiao, G Z Gu, G S Chen, Y X Zheng, H L Zhang, Q Geng, Y B Cheng, S F Yu
Objective: To investigate the association between serum magnesium ion level and risk of noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) . Methods: Acohort study was performed for 7 445 workers exposed to noise in the steelmaking and steel rolling workshops of an iron and steel enterprise in Henan Province, China. The follow-up time was from January 1, 2006 to December 31, 2015. The workers with a binaural average high-frequency hearing threshold of ≥40 dB (HL) were enrolled as case group, and those with a binaural average high-frequency hearing threshold of <35 dB (HL) and a binaural average speech frequency of ≤25 dB (HL) were enrolled as control group...
December 20, 2016: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241473/a-mobility-aware-adaptive-duty-cycling-mechanism-for-tracking-objects-during-tunnel-excavation
#9
Taesik Kim, Hong Min, Jinman Jung
Tunnel construction workers face many dangers while working under dark conditions, with difficult access and egress, and many potential hazards. To enhance safety at tunnel construction sites, low latency tracking of mobile objects (e.g., heavy-duty equipment) and construction workers is critical for managing the dangerous construction environment. Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are the basis for a widely used technology for monitoring the environment because of their energy-efficiency and scalability. However, their use involves an inherent point-to-point delay caused by duty cycling mechanisms that can result in a significant rise in the delivery latency for tracking mobile objects...
February 23, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240762/work-related-stress-over-nutrition-and-cognitive-disability
#10
F Ippoliti, P Corbosiero, N Canitano, F Massoni, M R Ricciardi, L Ricci, T Archer, S Ricci
Work-related stress may exert a negative impact on a variety of physical and psychological attributes relating to the health of employees and work organizations. Several studies conducted in Italy have shown that workers and employees who express less satisfaction show increased symptoms of obesity and cognitive disability. The latest evidence underlines the pathogenic relationship between stress and neurological disease through inflammatory neuro- immune activation. The aim of this review was to describe the relationship between workplace stress and adverse changes in lifestyle that develop into obesity, neuroinflammation and cognitive dysfunction...
January 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240734/occupational-asthma-due-to-chamomile-case-report
#11
Silvano Cerri, Ferruccio Bernabeo, Eleonora Valsecchi, Giovanni Chiappino
We report the case of a worker employed in the packaging of herb infusions who came to our attention because he was suffering from breathing disorders caused by occupational exposure to chamomile dusts. The diagnostic procedure we followed highlighted a baseline lung function within the normal range, while the skin prick tests and the RAST test were positive to both seasonal aeroallergens and chamomile. To perform a specific bronchial provocation test, the patient was challenged in an exposure chamber with nebulization of an extract from chamomile flowers...
February 15, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240733/prevalence-of-alcohol-abuse-among-workers-in-italy
#12
Francesco Venturelli, Andrea Poscia, Giuliano Carrozzi, Letizia Sampaolo, Annalisa Bargellini, Walter Ricciardi, Nicola Magnavita
BACKGROUND: Unhealthy alcohol consumption among workers increases the risk of job-related injuries and reduces productivity. Therefore, preventing workplace alcohol abuse is a public health priority. OBJECTIVES: This study is based upon data collected by PASSI and aims to outline the prevalence and socio-demographic characteristics of alcohol consumption among workers in Italy. METHODS: PASSI is a nationwide surveillance system that examines health-related behaviours and the degree of knowledge and adherence to the preventive interventions offered by the Italian National Health Service...
February 15, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240730/delphi-consensus-on-the-monitoring-tools-of-main-individual-risk-factors-for-chronic-diseases-by-the-company-doctor
#13
Marco Cremaschini, Roberto Moretti, Marinella Valoti, Giorgio Barbaglio, Mariangela Arnoldi, Flavia Bigoni, Elena Guaschi, Federico Merisi, Pierluigi Passera, Angelo Rebba, Marino Signori, Maurizio Tomio, Alberto Baldasseroni, Paolo Carrer, Giovanni Costa, Luigi Dal Cason, Azelio De Santa, Umberto Gelatti, Claudio Gili, Andrea Magrini, Giuseppe Masanotti, Giampietro Mosconi, Giantommaso Pagliaro, Ernesto Ramistella, Maurizio Ronchin, Luciano Riboldi, Pietro Sartorelli, Emanuele Scafato, Antonello Serra, Biagio Tinghino, Pasquale Valente, Maria Rosa Valetto, Luisella Vigna
BACKGROUND: Data on individual risk factors for chronic diseases (smoking, physical activity, body mass) are collected by company physicians in heterogeneous ways. This makes comparisons, researches and evaluations difficult. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to find a consensus on evaluation tools for chronic diseases risk factors and for health promotion programs in workplaces that could be performed by company physicians during their clinical activity. METHODS: A first set of tools, proposed by a working group of occupational physicians in Bergamo, was submitted through the Delphi technique to a national expert panel of 22 persons including recognized national experts in specific fields and occupational physicians skilled in health promotion...
February 15, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240569/selected-questions-and-controversies-about-bedaquiline-a-view-from-the-field
#14
K Dheda, A Esmail, J Limberis, G Maartens
Although there has been a slow decline in tuberculosis (TB) incidence worldwide, the prevalence of drug-resistant TB in most high-burden countries has increased. Drug-resistant TB is associated with high mortality, is a threat to health care workers in TB-endemic countries and is prohibitively costly, which diverts resources away from drug-susceptible cases. Amplification of resistance means that there is an increasing proportion of patients with multidrug-resistant TB who have extensively drug-resistant TB (XDR-TB) or are programmatically untreatable...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240086/unions-reject-scheme-to-charge-overseas-patients
#15
(no author information available yet)
Proposals to charge overseas patients for non-urgent NHS treatment are unworkable, and nurses and healthcare workers must not be made to police them, health unions have warned.
February 27, 2017: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239608/elimination-of-dog-mediated-human-rabies-deaths-by-2030-needs-assessment-and-alternatives-for-progress-based-on-dog-vaccination
#16
Ryan M Wallace, Eduardo A Undurraga, Jesse D Blanton, Julie Cleaton, Richard Franka
BACKGROUND: Rabies imposes a substantial burden to about half of the world population. The World Health Organization (WHO), World Organization for Animal Health, and the Food and Agriculture Organization have set the goal of eliminating dog-mediated human rabies deaths by 2030. This could be achieved largely by massive administration of post-exposure prophylaxis-in perpetuity-, through elimination of dog rabies, or combining both. Here, we focused on the resources needed for the elimination of dog rabies virus by 2030...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239604/predictors-of-antenatal-care-skilled-birth-attendance-and-postnatal-care-utilization-among-the-remote-and-poorest-rural-communities-of-zambia-a-multilevel-analysis
#17
Choolwe Jacobs, Mosa Moshabela, Sitali Maswenyeho, Nildah Lambo, Charles Michelo
OBJECTIVE: Optimal utilization of maternal health-care services is associated with reduction of mortality and morbidity for both mothers and their neonates. However, deficiencies and disparity in the use of key maternal health services within most developing countries still persist. We examined patterns and predictors associated with the utilization of specific indicators for maternal health services among mothers living in the poorest and remote district populations of Zambia. METHODS: A cross-sectional baseline household survey was conducted in May 2012...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239486/using-brothel-leadership-to-promote-condom-use-among-brothel-based-female-sex-workers-in-abuja-nigeria-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-pilot-trial
#18
Uchenna Okafor, Rik Crutzen, Ifeanyi Okekearu, Sylvia Adebajo, Adaora Uzoh, Egbe Aneotah Awo, Chukwuemeka Chima, Ogechukwu Agwagwa, Bart van den Borne
BACKGROUND: The HIV prevalence among female populations involved in sex work in Nigeria has heightened interest in HIV prevention programming for this sub-population with brothel-based female sex workers (BB FSWs) having a prevalence of 27.4%, six times higher than the prevalence in the general population. METHODS/DESIGN: The clusters in the randomized pilot trial will be brothels and female sex workers (FSWs) residing in the brothels will be the participants of the study...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239481/effectiveness-of-workers-general-health-examination-in-korea-by-health-examination-period-and-compliance-retrospective-cohort-study-using-nationwide-data
#19
Huisu Eom, Jun-Pyo Myong, Eun-A Kim, Bohwa Choi, Soon Woo Park, Young Joong Kang
BACKGROUND: Our study evaluated the effectiveness of the Workers' General Health Examination by health examination period and compliance. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of the health examination participants in 2006 (baseline year: N = 6,527,045) was used. We identified newly occurring cardio-cerebrovascular disease over 7 years (from 2007 to 2013). After stratification by age, sex, and national health insurance type, we identified 7 years' cumulative incidence of cardio-cerebrovascular disease by health examination compliance and estimated its relative risk by health examination period and compliance...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239452/intervening-with-healthcare-workers-hand-hygiene-compliance-knowledge-and-perception-in-a-limited-resource-hospital-in-indonesia-a-randomized-controlled-trial-study
#20
Dewi Santosaningsih, Dewi Erikawati, Sanarto Santoso, Noorhamdani Noorhamdani, Irene Ratridewi, Didi Candradikusuma, Iin N Chozin, Thomas E C J Huwae, Gwen van der Donk, Eva van Boven, Anne F Voor In 't Holt, Henri A Verbrugh, Juliëtte A Severin
BACKGROUND: Hand hygiene is recognized as an important measure to prevent healthcare-associated infections. Hand hygiene adherence among healthcare workers is associated with their knowledge and perception. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of three different educational programs on improving hand hygiene compliance, knowledge, and perception among healthcare workers in a tertiary care hospital in Indonesia. METHODS: The study was performed from May to October 2014 and divided into a pre-intervention, intervention, and post-intervention phase...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
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