keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Anxiety

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334644/predictors-of-remission-from-probable-depression-among-hong-kong-adolescents-a-large-scale-longitudinal-study
#1
Xue Yang, Joseph T F Lau, Mason C M Lau
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the incidence of remission from probable depression among adolescents in Hong Kong. Remissions were defined as having Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CESD) scores changed from ≥16 at baseline to <16 over the 12-month follow-up period. The study tested the predictors of remissions, including perceived changes in family support, self-efficacy, self-esteem, positive affect, negative events, social anxiety, and loneliness. METHODS: The study surveyed 9666 secondary school students and identified 5487 (57%) students with probable depression in Hong Kong...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334641/do-clinically-anxious-children-cluster-according-to-their-expression-of-factors-that-maintain-child-anxiety
#2
Samantha Pearcey, Anna Alkozei, Bhismadev Chakrabarti, Helen Dodd, Kou Murayama, Suzannah Stuijfzand, Cathy Creswell
BACKGROUND: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) is an effective treatment for childhood anxiety disorders, yet a significant proportion of children do not benefit from it. CBT for child anxiety disorders typically includes a range of strategies that may not all be applicable for all affected children. This study explored whether there are distinct subgroups of children with anxiety disorders who are characterized by their responses to measures of the key mechanisms that are targeted in CBT (i...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334526/airborne-particulate-matter-human-exposure-health-effects
#3
Jonathan E Thompson
OBJECTIVE: Exposure to airborne particulate matter (PM) is estimated to cause millions of premature deaths annually. This work conveys known routes of exposure to PM and resultant health effects. METHODS: Review of available literature. RESULTS: Estimates for daily PM exposure are provided. Known mechanisms by which insoluble particles are transported and removed from the body are discussed. Biological effects of PM, including immune response, cytotoxicity, and mutagenicity are reported...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333899/social-support-and-mental-health-in-lgbtq-adolescents-a-review-of-the-literature
#4
Kari McDonald
LGBTQ adolescents experience higher rates of mental health disorders than their heterosexual peers. The purpose of this systematic review of the literature was to examine studies evaluating social support and its effects on mental health in the LGBTQ adolescent population. Higher levels of social support were associated with positive self-esteem. Lack of social support (or low social support) was associated with higher levels of depression, anxiety, alcohol or drug misuse, risky sexual behaviors, shame, and low self-esteem...
January 15, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333895/childhood-adversity-and-hazardous-drinking-the-mediating-role-of-attachment-insecurity
#5
Thao Lan Le, Robert D Levitan, Robert E Mann, Robert G Maunder
BACKGROUND: Harmful alcohol use is associated with disease and mortality. Identifying new determinants of harmful drinking may aid the 16.3 million adults who have alcohol use disorders. Childhood adversity is associated with alcohol use, but is not amenable to change. Attachment insecurity (anxiety and avoidance) may be associated with alcohol use and may be a target for modification or used to personalize interventions. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to (a) identify the association between attachment insecurity and harmful drinking, (b) determine if attachment insecurity may mediate between childhood adversity and harmful drinking, and (c) test sex as a moderator between attachment insecurity and harmful drinking in the mediation relationship...
January 15, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333736/underestimated-caregiver-burden-by-cancer-patients-and-its-association-with-quality-of-life-depression-and-anxiety-among-caregivers
#6
J Y Shin, J-W Lim, D W Shin, S Y Kim, H-K Yang, J Cho, A Jeong, D Jo, C-Y Yim, K Park, J-H Park
This study examined how patients with cancer estimate caregiver burden (CB) and the association between their underestimation of CB and their caregivers' self-ratings of their quality of life (CQOLC-K; Korean version of the Caregiver Quality of Life Index-Cancer), depression and anxiety (Korean version of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale). Participants consisted of 990 patient-caregiver dyads recruited from a nationwide cross-sectional survey conducted in South Korea. Medical baseline data were retrieved from the hospital information systems of the participating centres...
January 15, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333493/a-quality-improvement-project-aimed-at-adapting-primary-care-to-ensure-the-delivery-of-evidence-based-psychotherapy-for-adult-anxiety
#7
Mark D Williams, Craig N Sawchuk, Nathan D Shippee, Kristin J Somers, Summer L Berg, Jay D Mitchell, Angela B Mattson, David J Katzelnick
Primary care patients frequently present with anxiety with prevalence ratios up to 30%. Brief cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) has been shown in meta-analytic studies to have a strong effect size in the treatment of anxiety. However, in surveys of anxious primary care patients, nearly 80% indicated that they had not received CBT. In 2010, a model of CBT (Coordinated Anxiety Learning and Management (CALM)) adapted to primary care for adult anxiety was published based on results of a randomised controlled trial...
2018: BMJ Open Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333482/flexibility-in-the-face-of-fear-hippocampal-prefrontal-regulation-of-fear-and-avoidance
#8
Justin M Moscarello, Stephen Maren
Generating appropriate defensive behaviors in the face of threat is essential to survival. Although many of these behaviors are 'hard-wired', they are also flexible. For example, Pavlovian fear conditioning generates learned defensive responses, such as conditioned freezing, that can be suppressed through extinction. The expression of extinguished responses is highly context-dependent, allowing animals to engage behavioral responses appropriate to the contexts in which threats are encountered. Likewise, animals and humans will avoid noxious outcomes if given the opportunity...
February 2018: Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333378/associations-between-self-reported-sleep-quality-and-duration-and-dietary-consumptions-psychological-symptoms-and-obesity-in-korean-adults
#9
Bori Kang, Miae Doo, Yangha Kim
Sleep pattern disruptions have been reported to be associated with an increased risk of obesity. This study was performed to investigate the association between sleep quality and sleep duration with dietary consumption, psychological factors, and obesity in Korean adults. A total of 288 Korean men and women who visited a public health center were included in this study. Data on general characteristics, health-related habits, psychological symptoms, dietary intake, and sleep patterns (including quality and duration) were collected using self-report questionnaires...
December 2017: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333196/brief-report-reduced-anxiety-following-pivotal-response-treatment-in-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#10
Jiedi Lei, Denis G Sukhodolsky, Sebiha M Abdullahi, Megan L Braconnier, Pamela Ventola
Up to 40% of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) exhibit co-occurring anxiety symptoms. Despite recent success in mitigating anxiety symptoms in school-aged children with ASD (mean age >9 years) using adapted versions of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, little is known about potential treatment outcomes for younger children. To address the gap in the literature, this open-label study evaluated change in anxiety following a 16-week open-label trial of Pivotal Response Treatment (PRT) in children with ASD aged 4-8 years...
November 2017: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332980/domain-specific-daily-hassles-anxiety-and-delinquent-behaviors-among-low-income-urban-youth
#11
Jerry L Mize, Wendy Kliewer
We studied contributions of domain-specific daily hassles to anxiety and delinquency prior to and during the transition into middle (N = 186) or high school (N = 167) in a sample of low-income, urban adolescents (93% African American; 54% female) using a two-wave longitudinal design. Path models controlling for baseline maladjustment and sex examined how hassles from parents, peers, academics, and the neighborhood were associated with maladjustment once youth had made the transition into a new school. Hassles with friends both prior to and during the school transition mattered for older youth's maladjustment only, whereas hassles with parents mattered for both older and younger youth...
November 2017: Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332673/prevalence-and-comorbidity-of-sleep-conditions-in-australian-adults-2016-sleep-health-foundation-national-survey
#12
Sarah L Appleton, Tiffany K Gill, Carol J Lang, Anne W Taylor, R Douglas McEvoy, Nigel P Stocks, David A González-Chica, Robert J Adams
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of sleep conditions (obstructive sleep apnea [OSA], insomnia symptoms, simple snoring, and restless legs) and their associated burden of chronic conditions in a community sample. DESIGN: Cross-sectional national adult online survey. SETTING: Community-based sample. PARTICIPANTS: Australian adults ≥18 years, N = 1011. MEASUREMENTS: A cross-sectional national online survey assessed diagnosed OSA, OSA symptoms, insomnia symptoms, sleep problems, excessive daytime sleepiness (Epworth Sleepiness Scale ≥11), and physician-diagnosed health conditions (heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, reflux disease, lung disease, depression, anxiety/panic disorder, arthritis)...
February 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332640/cognitive-impairment-in-patients-with-psoriasis-a-matched-case-control-study
#13
Marco Innamorati, Rossella M Quinto, David Lester, Luca Iani, Dario Graceffa, Claudio Bonifati
BACKGROUND: In the past decade, a few studies have suggested that psoriasis could be associated with the presence of mild cognitive deficits. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present matched case-control study was to investigate several cognitive domains (executive functions, verbal memory, attention, and language) in a sample of outpatients with psoriasis. We also investigated whether cognitive impairment was associated with poor health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with psoriasis...
February 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332639/genetic-and-environmental-influences-to-low-back-pain-and-symptoms-of-depression-and-anxiety-a-population-based-twin-study
#14
Marina B Pinheiro, Jose J Morosoli, Lucía Colodro-Conde, Paulo H Ferreira, Juan R Ordoñana
BACKGROUND: People suffering from chronic pain are more likely to experience symptoms of depression and anxiety. However, the mechanisms underlying this relationship remain largely unknown. In light of the moderate to large effects of genetic factors on chronic pain and depression and anxiety, we aimed to estimate the relative contribution of genetic and environmental factors to the relationship between these traits. METHODS: Using data from 2139 participants in the Murcia Twin Registry, we employed a bivariate analysis and structural equation modeling to estimate the relative influences of genetics and the environment on the covariation between low back pain and symptoms of depression and anxiety...
February 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332638/the-effect-of-exercise-therapy-on-depressive-and-anxious-symptoms-in-patients-with-ischemic-heart-disease-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Suzanne Verschueren, Anne M Eskes, Jolanda M Maaskant, Annelieke M Roest, Corine H M Latour, Wilma Scholte Op Reimer
OBJECTIVE: Depressive and anxiety symptoms are associated with Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD). Exercise interventions might improve both depressive and anxiety symptoms, but an overview of the evidence is lacking. Therefore, we systematically reviewed the existing literature on the effectiveness of exercise therapy to reduce depression and anxiety symptoms specifically in patients with IHD. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched until January 2016...
February 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332635/fear-of-hypoglycemia-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-the-role-of-interoceptive-accuracy-and-prior-episodes-of-hypoglycemia
#16
Jennifer Grammes, Manuela Schäfer, Andrea Benecke, Ulrike Löw, Alena-Lynn Klostermann, Thomas Kubiak, Michael Witthöft
OBJECTIVE: Fear of hypoglycemia (FoH) is a limiting factor for diabetes self-management and can have detrimental effects on quality of life. However, relatively little is known about its underlying mechanisms. In line with findings on patients with anxiety disorders, we hypothesized that interoceptive accuracy (IA) might be positively linked to FoH in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). METHODS: 133 patients with T2DM were screened according to the extreme quartiles of the Hypoglycemia Fear Survey worry subscale (HFS-W)...
February 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332633/impact-of-psychological-factors-on-the-health-related-quality-of-life-of-patients-treated-for-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#17
Laurence Halimi, Grégory Marin, Nicolas Molinari, Anne-Sophie Gamez, Clément Boissin, Carey M Suehs, Isabelle Vachier, Arnaud Bourdin
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a rare and life-threatening disease well-marked by under diagnosis, delayed diagnosis and atypical treatments. Few data are available on the quality of life (QoL) and psychosocial characteristics of patients with PAH. Our aim is to describe the impact of psychological factors on the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of treated PAH patients in a cross-sectional study. METHODS: Consecutive patients presenting at our Competency Centre for PAH were recruited...
February 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332632/retrospective-memory-for-symptoms-in-patients-with-medically-unexplained-symptoms
#18
Marta Walentynowicz, Katleen Bogaerts, Linda Stans, Ilse Van Diest, Filip Raes, Omer Van den Bergh
OBJECTIVE: Clinical assessment and diagnostic processes heavily rely on memory-based symptom reports. The current study investigated memory for symptoms and the peak-end effect for dyspnea in patients with medically unexplained symptoms and healthy participants. METHODS: Female patients with medically unexplained dyspnea (MUD) (n=22) and matched healthy controls (n=22) participated in two dyspnea induction trials (short, long). Dyspnea ratings were collected: (1) continuously during symptom induction (concurrent with respiratory measures), (2) immediately after the experiment, and (3) after 2weeks...
February 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332631/treatment-utilization-and-barriers-to-treatment-among-individuals-with-olfactory-reference-syndrome-ors
#19
Jennifer L Greenberg, Noah C Berman, Valerie Braddick, Rachel Schwartz, Suraj S Mothi, Sabine Wilhelm
OBJECTIVE: Olfactory reference syndrome (ORS) is characterized by a preoccupation that one is emitting a foul or offensive odor. Despite the profound psychosocial impact of ORS, many patients do not receive appropriate treatment, and there is no empirical research on treatment-seeking behavior in ORS. This study investigated treatment utilization patterns and barriers to treatment in individuals with ORS. METHOD: 253 subjects completed an online survey between January-March 2010...
February 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332630/effects-of-a-program-of-cognitive-behavioural-group-therapy-vestibular-rehabilitation-and-psychoeducational-explanations-on-patients-with-dizziness-and-no-quantified-balance-deficit-compared-to-patients-with-dizziness-and-a-quantified-balance-deficit
#20
D A Schmid, J H J Allum, M Sleptsova, S Gross, J Gaab, A Welge-Lüssen, R Schaefert, W Langewitz
BACKGROUND: We examined whether a program combining cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT), vestibular rehabilitation (VR) and psychoeducation is equally effective in improving psychometric measures in patients with dizziness independent of a balance deficit. Measures of patients with dizziness only (DO) were compared to those of patients also having a quantified balance deficit (QBD). METHODS: 32 patients (23 female, 9 male) with persistent dizziness were analysed as 2 groups based on stance and gait balance control: those with QBD (pathological balance) or DO (normal balance)...
February 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
keyword
keyword
1016
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"