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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454192/-religious-spiritual-needs-and-psychosocial-burden-of-melanoma-patients
#1
Annette Haußmann, Norbert Schäffeler, Martin Hautzinger, Birgit Weyel, Thomas Eigentler, Stephan Zipfel, Martin Teufel
Questions of meaning and purpose in life are becoming relevant during cancer. Studies have shown that most patients have spiritual needs and that religion/spirituality can be an important ressource in coping with illness. So far, only few studies examine the psychosocial burden and the role of spiritual needs during the treatment process of patients with malignant melanoma. 22 patients were included in this study and assessed for psychosocial distress and spiritual needs while being screened for cancer metastases (t1) and 8 weeks later (t2)...
April 28, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453999/symptoms-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-predict-cannabis-misuse
#2
Alexander Spradlin, Dakota Mauzay, Carrie Cuttler
INTRODUCTION: Cannabis use has been linked to many psychological disorders. There is, however, a paucity of research investigating the link between cannabis use and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). The present study sought to examine this link by exploring associations between severity of OCD symptoms, cannabis use, and cannabis misuse; determining whether these associations exist above and beyond symptoms of anxiety, depression, and stress; and testing the mediating role of cannabis coping motives (i...
March 31, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453948/depression-and-anxiety-among-chronic-pain-patients-receiving-prescription-opioids-and-medical-marijuana
#3
Daniel Feingold, Silviu Brill, Itay Goor-Aryeh, Yael Delayahu, Shaul Lev-Ran
BACKGROUND: High rates of depression and anxiety have been consistently reported among patients suffering from chronic pain. Prescription opioids are one of the most common modalities for pharmacological treatment of pain, however in recent years medical marijuana(MM) has been increasingly used for pain control in the US and in several countries worldwide. The aim of this study was to compare levels of depression and anxiety among pain patients receiving prescription opioids and MM. METHODS: Participants were patients suffering from chronic pain treated with prescription opioids (OP,N=474), MM (N=329) or both (OPMM,N=77)...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453905/transdiagnostic-neural-correlates-of-affective-face-processing-in-anxiety-and-depression
#4
Annmarie MacNamara, Heide Klumpp, Amy E Kennedy, Scott A Langenecker, K Luan Phan
BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether there are neurobiologic differences between various anxiety and depressive disorders, or whether they are characterized by shared neurobiologic variation that cuts across diagnostic boundaries. For instance, multiple anxiety disorders and depression may be characterized by abnormalities in blood oxygen-level dependent (BOLD) response during the processing of affective scenes and faces. To interrogate the shared or unique nature of these aberrations, research that examines the influence of transdiagnostic, dimensional predictors across multiple diagnoses is needed...
April 28, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453892/the-psycho-social-impact-of-contralateral-risk-reducing-mastectomy-crrm-on-women-a-rapid-review
#5
REVIEW
Karen Collins, Melanie Gee, Anna Clack, Lynda Wyld
OBJECTIVES: For women who have been diagnosed with unilateral breast cancer there is an increasing trend for them to request removal of the contralateral healthy breast, so called contralateral risk reducing mastectomy (CRRM). The current literature is only just beginning to identify patient-reported reasons for undergoing CRRM and associated patient reported outcomes. It is also unclear whether women at moderate/high risk of developing a subsequent primary contralateral breast cancer report similar outcomes to those considered to be at low/average risk...
April 28, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453890/less-is-more-patient-level-meta-analysis-reveals-paradoxical-dose-response-effects-of-a-computer-based-social-anxiety-intervention-targeting-attentional-bias
#6
REVIEW
Rebecca B Price, Jennie M Kuckertz, Nader Amir, Yair Bar-Haim, Per Carlbring, Meredith L Wallace
BACKGROUND: The past decade of research has seen considerable interest in computer-based approaches designed to directly target cognitive mechanisms of anxiety, such as attention bias modification (ABM). METHODS: By pooling patient-level datasets from randomized controlled trials of ABM that utilized a dot-probe training procedure, we assessed the impact of training "dose" on relevant outcomes among a pooled sample of 693 socially anxious adults. RESULTS: A paradoxical effect of the number of training trials administered was observed for both posttraining social anxiety symptoms and behavioral attentional bias (AB) toward threat (the target mechanism of ABM)...
April 28, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453655/multiple-old-ages-the-influence-of-social-context-on-women-s-aging-anxiety
#7
Anne E Barrett, Erica L Toothman
Objectives: Dominant views of aging generate anxiety for many adults-especially women, who face greater disadvantages in later life compared with men. However, little is known about changes in these concerns over time and their variation across women. Employing a feminist perspective on age relations, our study examines three social contexts affecting women's aging anxiety-social location, health, and social relationships. Method: Using a sample of women (n = 905) from Midlife in the United States (1995-1996; 2004-2006), logistic regression models examine predictors of over-time patterns in three aging anxiety sources-declining attractiveness, declining health, and reproductive aging...
April 27, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453603/the-effect-of-insomnia-on-neuropsychological-functioning-in-patients-with-comorbid-symptoms-of-pain-fatigue-and-mood-disorders
#8
Julie Aasvik, Tore C Stiles, Astrid Woodhouse, Petter Borchgrevink, Nils Inge Landrø
Objectives: To examine if elevated symptoms of insomnia affects neuropsychological functioning in patients with concurrent symptoms of pain, fatigue, and mood disorders. Methods and results: A total of seventy-six subjects participated in this (cross-sectional) study. Based on the cut-off score guidelines from The Insomnia Severity Index subjects were assigned to either a clinical insomnia group (N = 35) or a comparison group (N = 41). Factors such as age, general cognitive functioning, and symptoms of pain, fatigue, depression, and anxiety did not differ between the groups...
April 27, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453574/social-defeat-stress-causes-depression-like-behavior-with-metabolite-changes-in-the-prefrontal-cortex-of-rats
#9
Yi-Yun Liu, Xin-Yu Zhou, Li-Ning Yang, Hai-Yang Wang, Yu-Qing Zhang, Jun-Cai Pu, Lan-Xiang Liu, Si-Wen Gui, Li Zeng, Jian-Jun Chen, Chan-Juan Zhou, Peng Xie
Major depressive disorder is a serious mental disorder with high morbidity and mortality. The role of social stress in the development of depression remains unclear. Here, we used the social defeat stress paradigm to induce depression-like behavior in rats, then evaluated the behavior of the rats and measured metabolic changes in the prefrontal cortex using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Within the first week after the social defeat procedure, the sucrose preference test (SPT), open field test (OFT), elevated plus maze (EPM) and forced swim test (FST) were conducted to examine the depressive-like and anxiety-like behaviors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453350/prognostic-variables-for-patient-return-to-work-interval-following-carpal-tunnel-release-in-a-workers-compensation-population
#10
Jenniefer Y Kho, Michael P Gaspar, Patrick M Kane, Sidney M Jacoby, Eon K Shin
BACKGROUND: We hypothesize that depressive and anxiety disorders, chronic pain conditions, and work-related factors are significant determinants of the time interval for return to work (RTW) in the workers' compensation (WC) population following carpal tunnel release (CTR) surgery. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed records of all WC patients who underwent open CTR surgery over a 5-year period by 1 of 3 fellowship-trained hand surgeons. One hundred fifty-two wrists in 108 patients (64 unilateral, 44 bilateral) met the inclusion criteria...
May 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453297/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-use-and-its-association-with-emotional-status-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-a-solid-tumor-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Aelee Jang, Duck-Hee Kang, Dong Uk Kim
OBJECTIVES: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has been used widely in various populations for various purposes, including emotional support and improvement of quality of life (QOL). However, CAM use and purposes for using CAM are less clear among Korean patients with a solid tumor. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and type of CAM use, and the association between CAM use and anxiety, depression, and QOL in patients with a solid tumor. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449559/effects-of-escitalopram-on-anxiety-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Hee-Ju Kang, Kyung-Yeol Bae, Sung-Wan Kim, Il-Seon Shin, Young Joon Hong, Youngkeun Ahn, Myung Ho Jeong, Jin-Sang Yoon, Jae-Min Kim
Objective: There are no evidence-based practices for treating anxiety in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Thus, we investigated the effects of escitalopram on anxiety in this population. Methods: We enrolled 217 patients with ACS who met Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DSM-IV) criteria for depressive disorders into a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled study. Patients received either escitalopram or placebo over a 24-week period...
May 31, 2017: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449389/mindfulness-training-for-parents-of-children-with-special-needs-guidance-for-nurses-in-mental-health-practice
#13
Manika Petcharat, Patricia Liehr
PROBLEM: Parents of children with special needs encounter specific challenges in carrying out their caregiving roles. They experience difficulty accepting their children due to unrealistically high expectations. Mindfulness training (MT) may increase parental psychological well-being and acceptance. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to examine the evidence-base for the effectiveness of MT in enhancing psychological well-being for parents of children with special needs as a foundation for guidance for nurses in mental health practice...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449303/brief-intervention-physical-exercise-and-cognitive-behavioural-group-therapy-for-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-the-cins-trial
#14
A Harris, T F Moe, H R Eriksen, T Tangen, S A Lie, T H Tveito, S E Reme
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Cognitive-behavioural treatments (CBT) and physical group exercise (PE) have both shown promising effects in reducing disability and increasing work participation among chronic low back pain (CLBP) patients. A brief cognitive intervention (BI) has previously been demonstrated to reduce work disability in CLBP. The aim of this study was to test if the effect of BI could be further increased by adding either group CBT or group PE. METHODS: A total of 214 patients, all sick listed 2-10 months due to CLBP, were randomized to BI (n = 99), BI + group CBT (n = 55) or BI + group PE (n = 60)...
April 27, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449285/research-review-childhood-chronic-physical-illness-and-adult-emotional-health-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Ekin Secinti, Ellen J Thompson, Marcus Richards, Darya Gaysina
BACKGROUND: Childhood chronic physical illness is associated with a greater vulnerability for emotional problems (i.e. depression and anxiety) in childhood. However, little is known about life-long effects of childhood chronic physical illness on mental health. The present study aims to systematically review evidence for associations between eight chronic physical illnesses with childhood onset (arthritis, asthma, cancer, chronic renal failure, congenital heart disease, cystic fibrosis, type 1 diabetes, and epilepsy) and adult emotional problems...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449235/psychometric-properties-of-the-mental-health-and-social-inadaptation-assessment-for-adolescents-mia-in-a-population-based-sample
#16
Sylvana M Côté, Massimiliano Orri, Mara Brendgen, Frank Vitaro, Michel Boivin, Christa Japel, Jean R Séguin, Marie-Claude Geoffroy, Alexandra Rouquette, Bruno Falissard, Richard E Tremblay
We report on the psychometric properties of the Mental Health and Social Inadaptation Assessment for Adolescents (MIA), a self-report instrument for quantifying the frequency of mental health and psychosocial adaptation problems using a dimensional approach and based on the DSM-5. The instrument includes 113 questions, takes 20-25 minutes to answer, and covers the past 12 months. A population-based cohort of adolescents (n = 1443, age = 15 years; 48% males) rated the frequency at which they experienced symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Conduct Disorder, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Depression, Generalized Anxiety, Social Phobia, Eating Disorders (i...
April 27, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449012/ethnic-inequality-in-diagnosis-with-depression-and-anxiety-disorders
#17
Carol Hj Lee, Isabelle M Duck, Chris G Sibley
AIMS: This study explored ethnic disparities in self-reported diagnosis of depression or an anxiety disorder by a doctor, relative to scores on the screening measure for these same forms of mental illness in a probability sample of New Zealand adults. METHODS: 15,822 participants responded to the 2014/15 New Zealand Attitudes and Values Study (NZAVS) longitudinal panel. Participants completed the Kessler-6 scale (a screening measure of non-specific psychological distress over the last month) and reported whether a doctor had diagnosed them with depression or an anxiety disorder any time in the last five years...
April 28, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448826/generalized-anxiety-disorder-worry-and-attention-to-threat-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Huw Goodwin, Jenny Yiend, Colette R Hirsch
Among anxious populations, attention has been demonstrated to be preferentially biased to threatening material compared to neutral or other valenced material. Individuals who have high levels of trait worry, such as those with Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD), may be biased to threat but research has produced equivocal findings. This review aimed to systematically review the extant experimental literature to establish the current evidence of attentional bias to threat among trait worriers compared to healthy controls and other clinical populations...
March 29, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448803/emotion-regulation-as-a-moderator-between-anxiety-symptoms-and-insomnia-symptom-severity
#19
Mitchell Kirwan, Scott M Pickett, Nicole L Jarrett
Insomnia is a common concern with many associated negative consequences. Previous research has established bivariate relationships between anxiety symptoms, emotion regulation, and insomnia symptom severity; however, limited research has examined how the interaction between emotion regulation and anxiety symptoms may be associated with insomnia symptom severity. A sample of 468 undergraduate participants and a subsample of 136 participants meeting a self-reported cutoff score for insomnia, completed questionnaires assessing anxiety, insomnia symptom severity, and emotion regulation difficulties...
April 18, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448731/differential-effects-of-circadian-typology-on-sleep-related-symptoms-physical-fatigue-and-psychological-well-being-in-relation-to-resilience
#20
Hong Jun Jeon, Young Rong Bang, Hye Youn Park, Seul A Kim, In-Young Yoon
Various physiological and psychological functions are influenced by circadian typology (CT), which was reported to be related to resilience. However, few studies have assessed the effects of CT in relation to resilience. The aim of the present study was to assess the influence of CT on sleep-related symptoms, physical fatigue and psychological well-being in relation to resilience. The present study included a total of 1794 healthy hospital employees, and they completed the Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire, Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Epworth Sleepiness Scale, Fatigue Severity Scale, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale Abbreviated Version...
April 27, 2017: Chronobiology International
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