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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092792/curiosity-improves-coping-efficacy-and-reduces-suicidal-ideation-severity-among-military-veterans-at-risk-for-suicide
#1
Lauren M Denneson, Derek J Smolenski, Nigel E Bush, Steven K Dobscha
Curiosity, the tendency to engage in novel and challenging opportunities, may be an important source of resilience for those at risk for suicide. We hypothesized that curiosity would have a buffering effect against risk conferred by multiple sources of distress, whereby curiosity would be associated with reduced suicidal ideation and increased coping efficacy. As part of a larger intervention trial designed to improve coping skills and reduce suicidal ideation, 117 military veterans with suicidal ideation completed measures of curiosity and distress (perceived stress, depression, anxiety, and sleep disturbances) at baseline, and completed measures of suicidal ideation and coping efficacy (to stop negative thoughts, to enlist support from friends and family) at baseline and 3-, 6-, and 12-week follow up...
January 9, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092651/long-lasting-antinociceptive-effects-of-green-light-in-acute-and-chronic-pain-in-rats
#2
Mohab M Ibrahim, Amol Patwardhan, Kerry B Gilbraith, Aubin Moutal, Xiaofang Yang, Lindsey A Chew, Tally Largent-Milnes, T Philip Malan, Todd W Vanderah, Frank Porreca, Rajesh Khanna
Treatments for chronic pain are inadequate, and new options are needed. Nonpharmaceutical approaches are especially attractive with many potential advantages including safety. Light therapy has been suggested to be beneficial in certain medical conditions such as depression, but this approach remains to be explored for modulation of pain. We investigated the effects of light-emitting diodes (LEDs), in the visible spectrum, on acute sensory thresholds in naive rats as well as in experimental neuropathic pain...
February 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092647/dietary-intake-mediates-the-relationship-of-body-fat-to-pain
#3
Charles F Emery, KayLoni L Olson, Andrew Bodine, Victoria Lee, Diane L Habash
Prior studies have documented an association of obesity with chronic pain, but the mechanism explaining the association remains unknown. This study evaluated the degree to which dietary intake of foods with anti-inflammatory effects mediates the relationship of body fat to body pain. Ninety-eight community-residing healthy adults (60% women; mean age = 43.2 ± 15.3 years; range: 20-78 years) participated in a home-based study of home environment, food-related behaviors, health, and adiposity. During a 3-hour home visit evaluation, 3 measures of body fat were collected, including height and weight for calculation of body mass index (BMI)...
February 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092449/long-noncoding-rna-as-an-indicator-differentiating-schizophrenia-from-major-depressive-disorder-and-generalized-anxiety-disorder-in-nonpsychiatric-hospital
#4
Xuelian Cui, Wei Niu, Lingming Kong, Mingjun He, Kunhong Jiang, Shengdong Chen, Aifang Zhong, Qiaoli Zhang, Wanshuai Li, Jim Lu, Liyi Zhang
AIM: Depression and anxiety are common symptoms for schizophrenia (SZ) in the early onset. This study aimed to determine whether long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) can be indicators for diagnosing SZ in nonpsychiatric hospitals. MATERIALS & METHODS: Three upregulated SZ lncRNAs, six downregulated major depressive disorder (MDD) lncRNAs and three upregulated generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) lncRNAs were cross-validated in 45 SZ patients, 48 MDD patients, 52 GAD patients and 40 controls by reverse transcription-PCR...
January 16, 2017: Biomarkers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092418/an-examination-of-the-etiologic-overlap-between-the-genetic-and-environmental-influences-on-insomnia-and-common-psychopathology
#5
Mackenzie J Lind, Sage E Hawn, Christina M Sheerin, Steven H Aggen, Robert M Kirkpatrick, Kenneth S Kendler, Ananda B Amstadter
BACKGROUND: Insomnia is comorbid with internalizing and externalizing psychiatric disorders. However, the extent to which the etiologic influences on insomnia and common psychopathology overlap is unclear. There are limited genetically informed studies of insomnia and internalizing disorders and few studies of overlap exist with externalizing disorders. METHODS: We utilized twin data from the Virginia Adult Twin Studies of Psychiatric and Substance Use Disorders (total n = 7,500)...
January 16, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092305/prevalence-and-impact-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-irritable-bowel-syndrome-on-patient-reported-outcomes-in-ccfa-partners
#6
Maisa I Abdalla, Robert S Sandler, Michael D Kappelman, Christopher F Martin, Wenli Chen, Kristen Anton, Millie D Long
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients with persistent symptoms despite no or minimal inflammation are frequently described as having an overlap of IBD and irritable bowel syndrome (IBD-IBS). Limited data are available on how IBS impacts the individual patient with IBD. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the prevalence of IBD-IBS and investigate its impact on patient-reported outcomes. METHOD: We performed a cross-sectional analysis within the CCFA Partners Study...
January 12, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092106/a-randomised-controlled-trial-examining-the-effect-of-acupuncture-at-the-ex-hn3-yintang-point-on-pre-operative-anxiety-levels-in-neurosurgical-patients
#7
M D Wiles, J Mamdani, M Pullman, J C Andrzejowski
Pre-operative anxiety is an unpleasant state of psychological distress that occurs in up to 87% of patients awaiting neurosurgical procedures. Sedative medication is undesirable in this population due to the need for early postoperative neurological assessment. Acupuncture has previously been shown to reduce pre-operative anxiety, but studies involving neurosurgical patients are lacking. This single-centre, prospective, randomised controlled trial was designed to determine the effect of acupuncture at the EX-HN3 (Yintang point) on pre-operative anxiety levels in neurosurgical patients...
January 16, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092086/anxiety-related-behaviours-associated-with-microrna-206-3p-and-bdnf-expression-in-pregnant-female-mice-following-psychological-social-stress
#8
Zhuang Miao, Fengbiao Mao, Jialong Liang, Moshe Szyf, Yan Wang, Zhong Sheng Sun
Stress during pregnancy can induce various psychological disorders in women. However, the association linking psychological stress during pregnancy with abnormal behaviours in females remains largely unknown. We employed a novel psychological stress model by introducing pregnant mice to witness the defeat process of their mated partner (WDPMP) and examined the effects of WDPMP on depression-/anxiety-like behaviours and on the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and miR-206-3p in the hippocampus, medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) and amygdala...
January 14, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091969/quality-of-life-as-predictor-for-the-development-of-cardiac-ischemia-in-high-risk-asymptomatic-diabetic-patients
#9
Philip Haaf, Myriam Ritter, Leticia Grize, Matthias E Pfisterer, Michael J Zellweger
BACKGROUND: Ischemia induced by psychological stress and depression is a common phenomenon in stable coronary artery disease (CAD). We evaluated the quality of life (QoL) of diabetic patients screened for CAD and assessed the prognostic value of mental and physical QoL scores to predict the development of new cardiac ischemia. METHODS: Prospective multicentre outcome study. The study comprised 400 asymptomatic diabetic patients without history or symptoms of CAD...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091927/effect-of-new-antiviral-agent-camphecin-on-behavior-of-mice
#10
A V Babina, V A Lavrinenko, O I Yarovaya, N F Salakhutdinov
We studied the effect of camphecin (1,7,7-trimethylbicyclo[2.2.1]heptan-2-ylidene-aminoethanol) on mouse behavior in the open-field test. Camphecin possesses antiviral activity and inhibits viral replication, but its influence on the nervous system is poorly studied. Single camphecin injection produced no significant changes in behavioral patterns. Chronic camphecin administration (5 times over 2 weeks) to mice of different strains had no significant influence on open field behavior (motor, exploratory activity, anxiety, emotional state and vegetative functions)...
January 16, 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091795/mood-spectrum-disorders-and-perception-of-pain
#11
Antonella Ciaramella
: Evaluation of pain perception in chronic pain patients with a concomitant mood-spectrum disorder. DESIGN: The observational retrospective study is based on patient data collected in psychosomatic consultations held at the Gift Institute for Integrative Medicine in Pisa, Italy, from 2002 to 2014. Evoked pain stimulus threshold and tolerance were evaluated using the cold pressor test. Clinical pain intensity and Sensorial, Affective, and Evaluative dimensions were assessed using the Italian Pain Questionnaire, and Anxiety and Depressive symptoms using the Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale...
January 14, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091430/impact-of-informed-consent-on-patient-decisions-regarding-third-molar-removal
#12
G Göcmen, O Atalı, O Gonul, K Goker
PURPOSE: We investigated whether the order in which patients learned about complication risks affected their anxiety about and willingness to undergo the removal of their third molar. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 171 patients (65 males, 106 females) were included in the study. The distributions of gender and the position of mandibular third molars were recorded. The Amsterdam Preoperative Anxiety and Information Scale and Spielberger's State-Trait Anxiety Inventory were used to evaluate anxiety...
February 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090704/effectiveness-of-telephone-based-interventions-on-health-related-quality-of-life-and-prognostic-outcomes-in-breast-cancer-patients-and-survivors-a-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Q Zhang, L Zhang, R Yin, T Fu, H Chen, B Shen
The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the effect of telephone-based interventions on prognostic outcomes and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in breast cancer patients and survivors. A systematic search of the Cochrane Library, Web of science, Medline, EMBASE, CNKI and CBM database was carried out. Randomised, controlled trials (RCTs) examining the effects of telephone-based intervention versus a control group receiving no telephone intervention, on prognostic outcomes and HRQoL with breast cancer were included...
January 16, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090660/intermittent-catheterization-acceptance-test-i-cat-a-tool-to-evaluate-the-global-acceptance-to-practice-clean-intermittent-self-catheterization
#14
Amandine Guinet-Lacoste, Jacques Kerdraon, Alexandra Rousseau, Philippe Gallien, Jean-Gabriel Previnaire, Brigitte Perrouin-Verbe, Gérard Amarenco
AIM: In certain cases, a patient's anxiety, fear, or misconceptions can represent significant obstacles to the learning of Clean Intermittent Self Catheterization (CISC), and little is known about these psychological barriers. The aim of the present study is thus to construct and validate an "Intermittent Catheterization Acceptance Test (I-CAT)" to evaluate the psychological acceptance of CISC. METHODS: A study was carried out in nine neuro-rehabilitation and urology departments in French university hospitals...
January 16, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090639/the-psychometric-validation-of-the-epds-k-among-korean-women-does-it-only-measure-depressive-symptoms
#15
Young-Sun Rhee, Jeong-Hwan Park, Hee-Jung Cha, Kye-Ha Kim
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to test the validity of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale-Korean (EPDS-K) and compare the specified models (one-, two-, three-factor model, and a model in the current study) in pregnant, first-trimester Korean women. DESIGN AND METHODS: The study consisted of two groups of 100 first-trimester Korean women recruited from maternity clinics in Korea. FINDINGS: The results show that the EPDS-K has depression, anxiety, and anhedonia factors, and that the validity of the EPDS-K with Korean women is questionable...
January 16, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090404/adolescents-stigma-attitudes-toward-internalizing-and-externalizing-disorders-cultural-influences-and-implications-for-distress-manifestations
#16
Anna S Lau, Sisi Guo, William Tsai, D Julie Nguyen, Hannah T Nguyen, Victoria Ngo, Bahr Weiss
OBJECTIVE: This study examined predictors of stigma attitudes toward common youth emotional behavioral problems to test the hypothesis that interdependent cultural values would be associated with differential stigma towards externalizing versus internalizing disorders. Furthermore, we examined whether problem-specific stigma attitudes would predict adolescent's own self-reported manifestations of distress. METHOD: 1224 Vietnamese American and European American adolescents completed measures of social distance stigma attitudes in response to vignettes depicting youth with internalizing (depression, social anxiety, somatization) and externalizing (alcohol use, aggressive behaviors, delinquency) disorders...
July 2016: Clinical Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090336/medical-feminism-working-mothers-and-the-limits-of-home-finding-a-balance-between-self-care-and-other-care-in-cross-cultural-debates-about-health-and-lifestyle-1952-1956
#17
Frederick Cooper
Post-war medical debates about the psychiatric consequences of married women's economic behaviour witnessed far more divergence and collision between perspectives than has often been acknowledged. Practitioners who approached women primarily as facilitators of family health-as wives and mothers-were mistrustful of the competing demands presented by paid employment. They were faced by a growing spectrum of opinion, however, which represented women as atrophying in the confines of domestic life, and which positioned work as a therapeutic act...
July 12, 2016: Palgrave Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089925/food-portion-size-area-mediates-energy-effects-on-expected-anxiety-in-anorexia-nervosa
#18
Musya Herzog, Christopher R Douglas, Harry R Kissileff, Jeff M Brunstrom, Katherine Halmi
A study in which adolescent patients with anorexia nervosa (n = 24) rated their expected food-anxiety in response to images of portions of food (potatoes, rice pizza, and M&Ms) showed that lower energy-dense foods elicited higher expected anxiety per kilocalorie than higher energy-dense foods. However, the area of the portion sizes could be an unmeasured variable driving the anxiety response. To test the hypothesis that area mediates the effects of energy content on expected anxiety, the same images of portions were measured in area (cm(2)), and standardized values of expected anxiety were regressed from standardized values of energy and area of portions...
January 12, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089854/effects-of-adolescent-methamphetamine-and-nicotine-exposure-on-behavioral-performance-and-map-2-immunoreactivity-in-the-nucleus-accumbens-of-adolescent-mice
#19
Jordan M Buck, Alysse S Morris, Sydney J Weber, Jacob Raber, Jessica A Siegel
The neurotoxic effects of methamphetamine (MA) exposure in the developing and adult brain can lead to behavioral alterations and cognitive deficits in adults. Previous increases in the rates of adolescent MA use necessitate that we understand the behavioral and cognitive effects of MA exposure during adolescence on the adolescent brain. Adolescents using MA exhibit high rates of nicotine (NIC) use, but the effects of concurrent MA and NIC in the adolescent brain have not been examined, and it is unknown if NIC mediates any of the effects of MA in the adolescent...
January 12, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089772/anxiety-like-behavior-due-to-perinatal-exposure-to-bisphenol-a-is-associated-with-decrease-in-excitatory-to-inhibitory-synaptic-density-of-male-mouse-brain
#20
Dhiraj Kumar, M K Thakur
Bisphenol-A (BPA) is a synthetic endocrine disruptor which causes anxiety like behavior in rodents, though the underlying mechanism is not clearly understood. As excitatory-inhibitory synaptic proteins are the key regulators of anxiety, we have examined the effect of perinatal exposure to BPA on this behavior and the expression of excitatory (PSD95), inhibitory (gephyrin) and presynaptic density marker (synaptophysin) proteins in cerebral cortex and hippocampus of 3 and 8 weeks postnatal male mice. In open field (OF) test, BPA exposure reduced the time spent, number of entries and distance travelled in the central zone as compared to control in 8 weeks mice...
January 13, 2017: Toxicology
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