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John F Mondanaro, Peter Homel, Baron Lonner, Jennifer Shepp, Marcela Lichtensztein, Joanne V Loewy
The treatment of pain continues to gain in saliency as a component of defining best practice in medical care. Music therapy is an integrative treatment modality that impacts patient outcomes in the treatment of spinal pain. At Mount Sinai Beth Israel, we conducted a mixed-methods study addressing the effects of music therapy interventions on the recovery of patients after spine surgery. The study combined standard medical approaches and integrative music therapy. Sixty patients (35 female, 25 male) ranging in age from 40 to 55 years underwent anterior, posterior, or anterior-posterior spinal fusion and were randomly assigned to either music therapy plus standard care (medical and nursing care with scheduled pharmacologic pain intervention) or standard care only...
January 2017: American Journal of Orthopedics
E N Zamri, F M Moy, V C W Hoe
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal pain is common among teachers. Work-related psychosocial factors are found to be associated with the development of musculoskeletal pain, however psychological distress may also play an important role. OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of self-reported low back pain (LBP), and neck and/or shoulder pain (NSP) among secondary school teachers; and to evaluate the association of LBP and NSP with psychological distress and work-related psychosocial factors...
2017: PloS One
Michael Van Ameringen, Beth Patterson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience: JPN
Tingting Duan, Ning Gu, Ying Wang, Feng Wang, Jie Zhu, Yiru Fang, Yuan Shen, Jing Han, Xia Zhang
BACKGROUND: Pathological anxiety is the most common type of psychiatric disorder. The current first-line anti-anxiety treatment, selective serotonin/noradrenalin reuptake inhibitors, produces a delayed onset of action with modest therapeutic and substantial adverse effects, and long-term use of the fast-acting anti-anxiety benzodiazepines causes severe adverse effects. Inhibition of the fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH), the endocannabinoid N-arachidonoylethanolamine (AEA) degradative enzyme, produces anti-anxiety effects without substantial "unwanted effects" of cannabinoids, but its anti-anxiety mechanism is unclear...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience: JPN
Daniela Mier, Josef Bailer, Julia Ofer, Tobias Kerstner, Vera Zamoscik, Fred Rist, Michael Witthöft, Carsten Diener
BACKGROUND: An attentional bias to health-threat stimuli is assumed to represent the primary pathogenetic factor for the development and maintenance of pathological health anxiety (PHA; formerly termed "hypochondriasis"). However, little is known about the neural basis of this attentional bias in individuals with PHA. METHODS: A group of patients with PHA, a group of depressed patients and a healthy control group completed an emotional Stroop task with health-threat (body symptom and illness) words and neutral control words while undergoing functional MRI...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience: JPN
David S Lee, Laura Marsh, Mauro A Garcia-Altieri, Louisa W Chiu, Samir S Awad
Depression, anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and substance abuse are linked to higher rates of morbidity and mortality after various surgical procedures. Comparable data in general surgery are lacking. Records from 183 consecutive patients undergoing elective general surgery procedures at a single tertiary hospital were reviewed. Patients with depression, anxiety, PTSD, and substance abuse or any combination of these at the time of surgery were classified as having "active mental illness" (AMI)...
December 1, 2016: American Surgeon
Kye-Ha Kim, Roxie L Foster, Jeong-Hwan Park
PURPOSE: To demonstrate the psychometric properties of the Emotional Reactions Instrument-English (ERI-E) between hospitalized African American and Caucasian children aged 7-12 years. DESIGN AND METHOD: A methodological study was conducted to examine validity and reliability of the ERI-E with 230 hospitalized African American and Caucasian children. Data were collected with sociodemographic and clinical forms, and using the ERI-E, and the Facial Affective Scale (FAS)...
February 24, 2017: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
David Bell
This paper seeks firstly to grasp both conceptually and historically the different phenomenologies that are captured by the term 'Unconscious Phantasy'. The term is shown to refer to a number of distinct though overlapping conceptual domains. These include: phantasy as scene, phantasy as representation of drive, phantasy as representation of wish as its fulfilment, phantasy as split off activity of the mind functioning under the aegis of the pleasure principle; phantasy as representation of the minds own activities (which Wollheim calls' the way "the mind represents its own activities to itself'')...
February 24, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
Christopher A D Charles, Shua-Kym McLean
This study looks at body image disturbance among Jamaicans who bleach their skin. The hypothesis states that there is a positive relationship between skin bleaching and body image disturbance. The study used a convenience sample of 160 participants with a skin bleaching group (n = 80) and a non-bleaching comparison group (n = 80). The instrument included demographic questions, the body image disturbance questionnaire (BIDQ), and questions about skin bleaching. The results of a t-test revealed that the skin bleaching group (M = 1...
February 24, 2017: British Journal of Psychology
Jing Zhang, Cheng-Yun Cai, Hai-Yin Wu, Li-Juan Zhu, Chun-Xia Luo, Dong-Ya Zhu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
Christoph Schartner, Christiane Ziegler, Miriam A Schiele, Leonie Kollert, Heike Weber, Peter Zwanzger, Volker Arolt, Paul Pauli, Jürgen Deckert, Andreas Reif, Katharina Domschke
The corticotropin releasing hormone receptor 1 (CRHR1) is crucially involved in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and thus a major regulator of the stress response. CRHR1 gene variation is associated with several mental disorders including anxiety disorders. Studies in rodents have demonstrated epigenetic regulation of CRHR1 gene expression to moderate response to stressful environment. In the present study, we investigated CRHR1 promoter methylation for the first time regarding its role in panic disorder applying a case-control approach (N=131 patients, N=131 controls)...
February 20, 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Andrea V Cuc, Dona E C Locke, Noah Duncan, Julie A Fields, Charlene Hoffman Snyder, Sherrie Hanna, Angela Lunde, Glenn E Smith, Melanie Chandler
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to provide effect size estimates of the impact of two cognitive rehabilitation interventions provided to patients with mild cognitive impairment: computerized brain fitness exercise and memory support system on support partners' outcomes of depression, anxiety, quality of life, and partner burden. METHODS: A randomized controlled pilot trial was performed. RESULTS: At 6 months, the partners from both treatment groups showed stable to improved depression scores, while partners in an untreated control group showed worsening depression over 6 months...
February 24, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
V Zetterqvist, L Holmström, P Maathz, R K Wicksell
BACKGROUND: Longstanding symptoms due to whiplash are commonly associated with decreased levels of emotional and physical functioning. To date, there is strong empirical support for the relationship between psychological in/flexibility and pain-related functioning, but the predictive role for future health is largely unknown. Hence, the aim of this study was to investigate if psychological in/flexibility (i.e. avoidance and cognitive fusion) predicted pain disability and depressive symptoms 3 years later in individuals with whiplash complaints...
February 23, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Elizabeth Roth, Jessica Goetz, John Kryger, Travis Groth
Surgical repair of bladder exstrophy is an ongoing challenge for pediatric urologists. Postoperative immobilization is a mainstay of care to decrease tension on the repair site and is often utilized in conjunction with pelvic osteotomies performed in the same operative setting by pediatric orthopedic surgeons. Multiple pelvic immobilization techniques have been developed in conjunction with repair techniques including special techniques for neonates. The most commonly utilized techniques for pelvic immobilization are Buck's and Bryant's traction and spica casting...
March 2017: Current Urology Reports
Siobhain M O'Mahony, Gerard Clarke, Timothy G Dinan, John F Cryan
Irritable bowel syndrome is a functional gastrointestinal disorder, with stress playing a major role in onset and exacerbation of symptoms such as abdominal pain and altered bowel movements. Stress-related disorders including anxiety and depression often precede the development of irritable bowel syndrome and vice versa. Stressor exposure during early life has the potential to increase an individual's susceptibility to both irritable bowel syndrome and psychiatric disease indicating that there may be a common origin for these disorders...
February 24, 2017: Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology
Steven C Palmer, Carrie T Stricker, Angela M DeMichele, Marilyn Schapira, Karen Glanz, Jennifer J Griggs, Linda A Jacobs
PURPOSE: Survivor distress is well represented in the literature, but less is known about survivors' concerns and how these relate to adaptation. Using a newly designed Survivorship Concern Scale, we examined concerns and their relationship to psychosocial adaptation among recent breast cancer (BC) survivors. METHODS: One hundred forty-three stage 0-III BC survivors completed an online assessment including the Survivorship Concern Scale (0-3 scale; alpha = 0.91), unmet needs, quality of life (QoL), and anxiety and depressive symptoms within 1 year of end of treatment...
February 23, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Ryan Wade, Gary W Harper, José A Bauermeister
Young gay/bisexual and other men who have sex with men (YGBMSM; ages 18-24) are experiencing an increase in HIV infection rates, particularly if they are Black or Latino. Psychosocial functioning is consistently implicated in HIV risk behaviors; however, less is known about the role of these factors in YGBMSM's decision-making process to use condoms (i.e., decisional balance to use condoms; DBC). We examined whether YGBMSM's psychological functioning was associated differentially with their DBC across racial/ethnic groups...
February 23, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
Raymond Fertig, Jerry Shapiro, Wilma Bergfeld, Antonella Tosti
Postfinasteride syndrome (PFS) is a term recently coined to characterize a constellation of reported undesirable side effects described in postmarketing reports and small uncontrolled studies that developed during or after stopping finasteride treatment, and persisted after drug discontinuation. Symptoms included decreased libido, erectile dysfunction, sexual anhedonia, decreased sperm count, gynecomastia, skin changes, cognitive impairment, fatigue, anxiety, depression, and suicidal ideation. The aim of this study is to review the existing medical literature for evidence-based research of permanent sexual dysfunction and mood changes during treatment with 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors including finasteride and dutasteride...
January 2017: Skin Appendage Disorders
Stephanie Lefebvre, Sook-Lei Liew
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a non-invasive brain stimulation method to modulate the local field potential in neural tissue and consequently, cortical excitability. As tDCS is relatively portable, affordable, and accessible, the applications of tDCS to probe brain-behavior connections have rapidly increased in the last 10 years. One of the most promising applications is the use of tDCS to modulate excitability in the motor cortex after stroke and promote motor recovery. However, the results of clinical studies implementing tDCS to modulate motor excitability have been highly variable, with some studies demonstrating that as many as 50% or more of patients fail to show a response to stimulation...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
Daniel E Schoth, Christina Liossi
Interpretation biases have been extensively explored in a range of populations, including patients with anxiety and depressive disorders where they have been argued to influence the onset and maintenance of such conditions. Other populations in which interpretation biases have been explored include patients with chronic pain, anorexia nervosa, and alcohol dependency among others, although this literature is more limited. In this research, stimuli with threatening/emotional and neutral meanings are presented, with participant responses indicative of ambiguity resolution...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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