keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Prevalence lung disease

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932047/strategies-for-treating-scoliosis-in-early-childhood
#1
Karsten Ridderbusch, Alexander S Spiro, Philip Kunkel, Benjamin Grolle, Ralf Stücker, Martin Rupprecht
BACKGROUND: Scoliosis in early childhood is defined as abnormal curvature of the spine of any etiology that arises before age 10. The affected children are at high risk of developing restrictive pulmonary dysfunction. The treatment presents major challenges because of the complexity and high morbidity of the disease. METHODS: This article is based on pertinent articles retrieved by a selective literature search, and on the results of a retrospective study by the authors...
June 1, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931605/extranodal-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-molecular-features-prognosis-and-risk-of-central-nervous-system-recurrence
#2
REVIEW
Thomas A Ollila, Adam J Olszewski
Diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) arises from extranodal organs in about 30% of cases. Its prognosis and risk of recurrence in the central nervous system (CNS) vary according to the primary site of origin. Recent studies begin to clarify these differences using molecular classification. Testicular, breast, and uterine DLBCL (as well as possibly primary cutaneous DLBCL, leg-type) share a high prevalence of the non-germinal center B cell (non-GCB) phenotype and the MYD88/CD79B-mutated (MCD) genotype. These biologic features, which resemble primary CNS lymphoma, may underlie their stage-independent propensity for CNS involvement...
June 21, 2018: Current Treatment Options in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931068/serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-concentrations-are-associated-with-computed-tomography-markers-of-subclinical-interstitial-lung-disease-among-community-dwelling-adults-in-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis-mesa
#3
Samuel M Kim, Di Zhao, Anna J Podolanczuk, Pamela L Lutsey, Eliseo Guallar, Steven M Kawut, R Graham Barr, Ian H de Boer, Bryan R Kestenbaum, David J Lederer, Erin D Michos
Background: Activated vitamin D has anti-inflammatory properties. 25-Hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] deficiency might contribute to subclinical interstitial lung disease (ILD). Objective: We examined associations between serum 25(OH)D concentrations and subclinical ILD among middle-aged to older adults who were free of cardiovascular disease at baseline. Methods: We studied 6302 Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) participants who had baseline serum 25(OH)D concentrations and computed tomography (CT) imaging spanning ≤ 10 y...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928807/prevalence-and-determinants-of-smoking-and-secondhand-smoke-exposure-in-a-rural-population-of-central-greece-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Chrysovalantis Stafylis, George Rachiotis, Antonis Katsioulis, Varvara A Mouchtouri, Christos Hadjichristodoulou
INTRODUCTION: Smoking is one of the most important risk factors for heart and lung disease and is responsible for many forms of cancer. The resulting morbidity and mortality weigh heavily upon countries with high prevalence, such as Greece. According to the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) Greece, 38.2% of Greeks aged ≥15 years, namely 51.2% of men and 25.7% of women, are smokers. Smoking is also common among the young and people of high education. Despite laws prohibiting smoking at indoor places, exposure to environmental tobacco is very high both in private and public places...
June 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927757/recent-advances-in-the-pathobiology-and-clinical-management-of-lymphangioleiomyomatosis
#5
Sergio Harari, Paolo Spagnolo, Elisabetta Cocconcelli, Francesca Luisi, Vincent Cottin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a rare systemic disease that occurs almost exclusively in women. In the last few years, our understanding of disease pathobiology has improved substantially; in addition, a guideline document has recently been developed that provides recommendations for the diagnosis and clinical management of patients with LAM. Yet, significant gaps in knowledge remain. RECENT FINDINGS: Groundbreaking insights into the cellular biochemistry of LAM have led to the reclassification of the disease as a low-grade, destructive, metastasizing neoplasm...
June 20, 2018: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927712/case-series-rheumatological-manifestations-attributed-to-exposure-to-libby-asbestiform-amphiboles
#6
Roger Diegel, Brad Black, Jean C Pfau, Tracy McNew, Curtis Noonan, Raja Flores
An increased risk for Systemic Autoimmune Diseases (SAID) has been reported in Libby, Montana, where extensive exposures to fibrous amphiboles occurred due to mining and use of asbestos-laden vermiculite. In addition, positive antinuclear autoantibody tests are associated with exposure to Libby Asbestiform Amphiboles (LAA) in both humans and mice. Among 6603 subjects who underwent health screening at the Center for Asbestos Related Diseases (CARD, Libby MT), 13.8% were diagnosed with an autoimmune disease, with prevalence values for the most common SAID being significantly higher than expected in the United States...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917065/contribution-of-chronic-conditions-to-gender-disparities-in-health-expectancies-in-belgium-2001-2004-and-2008
#7
Renata T C Yokota, Willma J Nusselder, Jean-Marie Robine, Jean Tafforeau, Françoise Renard, Patrick Deboosere, Herman Van Oyen
Background: We aimed to investigate the contribution of chronic conditions to gender differences in disability-free life expectancy (DFLE) and life expectancy with disability (LED) in Belgium in 2001, 2004 and 2008. Methods: Data on disability and chronic conditions from participants of the 2001, 2004 and 2008 Health Interview Surveys in Belgium were used to estimate disability prevalence by cause using the attribution method. Disability prevalence was applied to life tables to estimate DFLE and LED using the Sullivan method...
June 15, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915733/prevalence-of-pulmonary-artery-hypertension-in-patients-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-its-correlation-with-stages-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-exercising-capacity-and-quality-of-life
#8
Kamlesh Kumar Gupta, Bidyut Roy, Shyam Chand Chaudhary, Arvind Mishra, M L Patel, Jitendra Singh, Vivek Kumar
Background: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a complication of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in advance stages, and its presence indicates poor prognosis. Aims and Objective: The present study was design to know the prevalence of PAH in patients with COPD and its correlation with stages of COPD, exercising capacity, and quality of life. Materials and Methods: It is a cross-sectional prevalence study over a period of 1 year from August 2015 to July 2016...
January 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915502/isolation-and-identification-of-mannheimia-haemolytica-by-culture-and-polymerase-chain-reaction-from-sheep-s-pulmonary-samples-in-shiraz-iran
#9
Mohammad Tabatabaei, And Fatemeh Abdollahi
Background and Aim: Mannheimia haemolytica is a Gram-negative, non-motile, and non-spore-forming rod-shaped coccobacillus bacterium. On blood agar plate, it shows complete hemolysis. This bacterium constitutes a part of normal flora of the upper respiratory system of ruminants. It is considered as the opportunistic pathogen and the main factor of pneumonic pasteurellosis, which has caused a severe economic loss in sheep and cattle industries. Considering the prevalence of the disease in sheep and goat population in the dry and hot regions of the country in general and in Fars province in particular in the form of pneumonia, the purpose of this study was to isolate and identify the bacterium M...
May 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915497/a-retrospective-study-of-bovine-tuberculosis-at-the-municipal-abattoir-of-bauchi-state-northeastern-nigeria
#10
Saleh Mohammed Jajere, Naphtali Nayamanda Atsanda, Asinamai Athliamai Bitrus, Tasiu Mallam Hamisu, Mohammed Dauda Goni
Background and Aim: Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) still remains a major zoonotic bacterial disease affecting livestock and humans worldwide. The disease remains a poorly managed tropical disease in most developing countries of the world; where in addition to productivity losses and significance in international trade, it posed a major public health threat to both humans and animals. A retrospective study was designed to investigate the occurrence of bTB lesions at Bauchi municipal abattoir...
May 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914486/clinical-impact-of-deoxynivalenol-3-acetyl-deoxynivalenol-and-15-acetyl-deoxynivalenol-on-the-severity-of-an-experimental-mycoplasma-hyopneumoniae-infection-in-pigs
#11
Annelies Michiels, Ioannis Arsenakis, Anneleen Matthijs, Filip Boyen, Geert Haesaert, Kris Audenaert, Mia Eeckhout, Siska Croubels, Freddy Haesebrouck, Dominiek Maes
BACKGROUND: The mycotoxin deoxynivalenol (DON) is highly prevalent in cereals in moderate climates and therefore pigs are often exposed to a DON-contaminated diet. Pigs are highly susceptible to DON and intake of DON-contaminated feed may lead to an altered immune response and may influence the pathogenesis of specific bacterial diseases. Therefore, the maximum guidance level in feed is lowest in this species and has been set at 900 μg/kg feed by the European Commission. This study aimed to determine the effect of in-feed administration of a moderately high DON concentration (1514 μg/kg) on the severity of an experimental Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae (M...
June 18, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908857/midlife-contributors-to-socioeconomic-differences-in-frailty-during-later-life-a-prospective-cohort-study
#12
Eric J Brunner, Martin J Shipley, Sara Ahmadi-Abhari, Carlos Valencia Hernandez, Jessica G Abell, Archana Singh-Manoux, Ichiro Kawachi, Mika Kivimaki
BACKGROUND: Health inequalities persist into old age. We aimed to investigate risk factors for socioeconomic differences in frailty that could potentially be modified through policy measures. METHODS: In this multi-wave longitudinal cohort study (Whitehall II study), we assessed participants' socioeconomic status, behavioural and biomedical risk factors, and disease status at age 45-55 years, and frailty (defined according to the Fried phenotype) at baseline and at one or more of three clinic visits about 18 years later (mean age 69 years [SD 5·9])...
June 13, 2018: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901591/prevalence-risk-factors-and-prognosis-of-interstitial-lung-disease-in-a-large-cohort-of-chinese-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-syndrome-patients-a-case-control-study
#13
Hui Gao, Xue-Wu Zhang, Jing He, Jing Zhang, Yuan An, Ye Sun, Ru-Lin Jia, Sheng-Guang Li, Li-Jing Zhang, Zhan-Guo Li
To determine the prevalence of pulmonary complications in primary Sjögren syndrome (pSS), and to identify the risk factors and the prognosis associated with pulmonary involvement in pSS patients.A total of 1341 hospitalized patients (853 with pSS and 488 with secondary Sjögren syndrome [sSS]) were retrospectively reviewed. Of these, 165 hospitalized patients with pSS-associated interstitial lung disease (ILD) were analyzed and recruited as a study group. Eighty-four pSS patients without organ damage were included as a control group...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900970/the-association-of-anti-aminoacyl-transfer-ribonucleic-acid-synthetase-antibodies-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-interstitial-lung-disease
#14
Masakazu Matsushita, Naoto Tamura, Michihiro Ogasawara, Kurisu Tada, Ken Yamaji, Yoshinari Takasaki
Objectives: This study aims to analyze the distribution and clinicopathological characteristics of anti-aminoacyl-transfer ribonucleic acid (tRNA) synthetase (ARS) antibodies in rheumatoid arthritis patients. Patients and methods: We retrospectively studied the anti-ARS antibody levels in 228 RA patients' (44 males, 184 females; mean age 62.9±14.0 years; range 23 to 88 years) sera from their medical charts. We determined the association with anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibody levels, interstitial lung disease (ILD), rheumatoid factor, and methotrexate or biological disease modifying antirheumatic drug treatments...
March 2018: Archives of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897791/macrophage-rac2-is-required-to-reduce-the-severity-of-cigarette-smoke-induced-pneumonia
#15
Jennifer L Larson-Casey, Linlin Gu, Patricia L Jackson, David E Briles, Joanetha Y Hale, J Edwin Blalock, J Michael Wells, Jessy S Deshane, Yong Wang, Dana Davis, Veena B Antony, Adriana V F Massicano, Suzanne E Lapi, A Brent Carter
RATIONALE: Cigarette smoking is prevalent in the U.S. and is the leading cause of preventable diseases. A prominent complication of smoking is an increase in lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI). Although LRTIs are known to be increased in subjects that smoke, the mechanism(s) by which this occurs is poorly understood. OBJECTIVES: Determine how cigarette smoke (CS) reduced reactive oxygen species (ROS) production by the phagocytic NADPH oxidase (NOX2), which is essential for innate immunity in lung macrophages...
June 13, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893198/utilization-and-clinical-value-of-diagnostic-modalities-for-tuberculosis-in-a-high-hiv-prevalence-setting
#16
Stephanie Gati, Rhoda Chetty, Douglas Wilson, Jacqueline M Achkar
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is a major risk factor for the development of active tuberculosis (TB), one of the deadliest infectious diseases globally. The high mortality associated with the disease can be reduced by early diagnosis and prompt antituberculous treatment initiation. Facilities in TB-endemic regions are increasing the use of nucleic acid amplification (e.g., GeneXpert), which provides rapid results but may have suboptimal sensitivity in HIV-associated TB. Our objective was to evaluate the current practices for TB diagnosis at Edendale Hospital, a large regional hospital in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa-a TB-endemic region with high HIV prevalence...
June 11, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884163/shisha-use-among-students-in-a-private-university-in-kigali-city-rwanda-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#17
Omoboriowo Joad Omotehinwa, Ogendi Japheths, Iyamuremye Jean Damascene, Michael Habtu
BACKGROUND: All over the globe shisha smoking is fast growing among different age brackets. Shisha use has been reported to be increasing among youths in African major cities. Its use is documented to result in health effects such as lung cancer, cardiovascular and respiratory conditions, periodontal diseases, keratoacanthoma which are also associated with cigarette smoking. In Kigali, Rwanda's capital, reports indicate that shisha use is increasing among the youths, particularly the university students...
June 8, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881381/current-insights-in-microbiome-shifts-in-sjogren-s-syndrome-and-possible-therapeutic-interventions
#18
REVIEW
Christina Tsigalou, Elisavet Stavropoulou, Eugenia Bezirtzoglou
Sjogren's syndrome (SS) is an autoimmune disease, among the most common ones, that targets mainly the exocrine glands as well as extra-glandular epithelial tissues. Their lymphocytic infiltration leads to manifestations from other organs (e.g., kidneys, lungs, liver, or thyroid), apart from sicca symptoms (xerostomia and keratoconjunctivitis). SS is more prevalent in women than in men (9:1). Moreover, p.SS patients are in increased risk to develop lymphoma. Certain autoantibodies (e.g., antibodies against ribonucleoprotein autoantigens Ro-SSA and La-SSB) are ultimate hallmarks for the disease...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876364/cytomegalovirus-cmv-disease-despite-weekly-preemptive-cmv-strategy-for-recipients-of-solid-organ-and-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#19
I P Lodding, C da Cunha Bang, S S Sørensen, F Gustafsson, M Iversen, N Kirkby, M Perch, A Rasmussen, H Sengeløv, A Mocroft, J D Lundgren
Background: Transplant recipients presenting with cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease at the time of diagnosis of CMV DNAemia pose a challenge to a preemptive CMV management strategy. However, the rate and risk factors of such failure remain uncertain. Methods: Solid organ transplantation (SOT) and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) recipients with a first episode of CMV polymerase chain reaction (PCR) DNAemia within the first year posttransplantation were evaluated (n = 335)...
May 2018: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875830/gender-differences-in-bronchiectasis-a-real-issue
#20
REVIEW
Celine Vidaillac, Valerie F L Yong, Tavleen K Jaggi, Min-Min Soh, Sanjay H Chotirmall
Gender differences in chronic respiratory disease, including cystic fibrosis and non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis are clinically apparent and of increasing importance. Differences in disease prevalence, severity and outcome are all described, however, the precise cause of the gender dichotomy and their associated underlying mechanisms have been poorly characterised. A lack of dedicated clinical and epidemiological research focused in this area has led to a paucity of data and therefore a lack of understanding of its key drivers...
June 2018: Breathe
keyword
keyword
101596
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"