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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049242/the-prevalence-of-pi-s-and-pi-z-serpina1-alleles-in-healthy-individuals-and-copd-patients-in-saudi-arabia-a-case-control-study
#1
Noura Al-Jameil, Amina A Hassan, Rana Hassanato, Sree R Isac, Maram Al Otaiby, Fadwa Al-Shareef, Basmah Al-Maarik, Iman Al Ajeyan, Khloud Al-Bahloul, Samina Ghani, Dana Al-Torbak
Alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT) is an acute phase protein produced in hepatocytes. Its deficiency affects the lungs and liver. A case-control study was carried out to determine the prevalence of 2 common deficiency alleles, PI*S and PI*Z, for alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (AATD) in both healthy and chronic obstructive pulmmonary disease (COPD)-affected Saudi populations and to clarify the importance of genetic tests in the screening of people at risk for COPD.One thousand blood samples from healthy individuals and 1000 from COPD-affected Saudi individuals were genotyped for the above-mentioned alleles, using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR), with the exclusion of any other nationalities...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049018/prevalence-of-single-and-multiple-leading-causes-of-death-by-race-ethnicity-among-us-adults-aged-60-to-79-years
#2
James Davis, Janell Penha, Omar Mbowe, Deborah A Taira
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular disease (CVD) (coronary artery disease, heart attack, and angina pectoris), and chronic lung disease (emphysema, chronic bronchitis, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) are major causes of death in the United States. The objective of this study was to assess racial/ethnic differences in the prevalence of these conditions as cause of death among people aged 60 to 79 years with one or more of these conditions. METHODS: We used data on the prevalence of major chronic conditions from the National Health Interview Survey on 56,290 adults aged 60 to 79 years who reported having any of the chronic conditions assessed in the National Health Interview Survey for 2006 through 2014...
October 19, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046956/unpredictable-episodic-breathlessness-in-patients-with-advanced-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-lung-cancer-a-qualitative-study
#3
P Linde, G Hanke, R Voltz, S T Simon
PURPOSE: The internationally consented definition and categorization describe two categories of episodic breathlessness: predictable (with known triggers) and unpredictable. The link of known triggers only to predictable episodes can be read that unpredictable episodes have none known trigger. Our aim was to illuminate patients' experiences with episodes of unpredictable breathlessness, to collect descriptions of the episodes' impact on the patients' lives, and, in turn, the patients' individual coping strategies in this connection...
October 18, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045023/more-advanced-disease-and-worse-survival-in-cryptogenic-compared-to-viral-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#4
Tomi W Jun, Ming-Lun Yeh, Ju Dong Yang, Vincent L Chen, Pauline Nguyen, Nasra H Giama, Chung-Feng Huang, Ann W Hsing, Chia-Yen Dai, Jee-Fu Huang, Wan-Long Chuang, Lewis R Roberts, Ming-Lung Yu, Mindie H Nguyen
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Although hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections remain major risk factors for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), non-viral causes of HCC, particularly non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, are becoming increasingly prevalent. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical characteristics and survival of cryptogenic and viral HCC. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study involving 3,878 consecutive HCC patients seen at two tertiary centers in the United States and one in Taiwan from 2004-2014...
October 16, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039225/toxicological-impact-of-waterpipe-smoking-and-flavorings-in-the-oral-cavity-and-respiratory-system
#5
Fawad Javed, Shatha Subhi ALHarthi, Munerah Saleh BinShabaib, Sangeeta Gajendra, Georgios E Romanos, Irfan Rahman
Waterpipe smoking (WS), an emerging trend has major health concerns. It is prevalent worldwide as a recreational activity both indoors and outdoors. The aim of this review was to assess the impact of waterpipe smoke on the oral and respiratory system (oral cavity and pulmonary tissues). A number of studies have shown that periodontal health status is compromised in waterpipe smokers when compared with nonsmokers. Some studies have associated WS with oral premalignant and malignant lesions; however, due to the poor quality of these studies, the presented outcomes should be interpreted with caution...
October 17, 2017: Inhalation Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038056/worldwide-prevalence-of-viral-infection-in-aecopd-patients-a-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Habib Jafarinejad, Mohsen Moghoofei, Shayan Mostafaei, Jafar Salimian, Sadegh Azimzadeh, Ali Ahmadi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic progressive lung disease. On the other hand, viral infections of the airway are associated with the acute exacerbations of COPD. A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to determine the prevalence rate of viral infections in acute exacerbations of COPD patients. METHODS: PubMed database was systematically searched for population-based prevalence studies (1930-2017). Fixed and random effects models were used for estimation of summary effect-sizes...
October 13, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037314/pulmonary-magnetic-resonance-imaging-is-similar-to-chest-tomography-in-detecting-inflammation-in-patients-with-systemic-sclerosis
#7
Carolina de Souza Müller, Danny Warszawiak, Eduardo Dos Santos Paiva, Dante Luiz Escuissato
Interstitial lung disease (ILD) and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) are prevalent complications of systemic sclerosis (SSc) and are currently the leading causes of death related to the disease. The accurate recognition of these conditions is therefore of utmost importance for patient management. A study was carried out with 24 SSc patients being followed at the Rheumatology Department of the Hospital de Clínicas of Universidade Federal do Paraná (UFPR) and 14 healthy volunteers, with the objective of evaluating the usefulness of lung magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) when assessing ILD in SS patients...
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993539/lung-function-response-and-side-effects-to-rapamycin-for-lymphangioleiomyomatosis-a-prospective-national-cohort-study
#8
Janet Bee, Sharon Fuller, Suzanne Miller, Simon R Johnson
RATIONALE: Mechanistic target of rapamycin inhibitors reduce loss of lung function in lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM), although their benefit varies between individuals. We examined lung function response and side effects to rapamycin in a national cohort. METHODS: Subjects were receiving rapamycin for progressive lung disease. Clinical evaluation, detailed phenotyping, serial lung function, rapamycin and safety monitoring were performed according to a clinical protocol...
October 9, 2017: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993401/diagnosis-and-management-of-noncardiac-complications-in-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#9
REVIEW
George K Lui, Arwa Saidi, Ami B Bhatt, Luke J Burchill, Jason F Deen, Michael G Earing, Michael Gewitz, Jonathan Ginns, Joseph D Kay, Yuli Y Kim, Adrienne H Kovacs, Eric V Krieger, Fred M Wu, Shi-Joon Yoo
Life expectancy and quality of life for those born with congenital heart disease (CHD) have greatly improved over the past 3 decades. While representing a great advance for these patients, who have been able to move from childhood to successful adult lives in increasing numbers, this development has resulted in an epidemiological shift and a generation of patients who are at risk of developing chronic multisystem disease in adulthood. Noncardiac complications significantly contribute to the morbidity and mortality of adults with CHD...
October 9, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993393/recurrent-wheeze-and-its-relationship-with-lung-function-and-airway-inflammation-in-preschool-children-a-cross-sectional-study-in-south-korea
#10
Ji Eun Soh, Kyung-Moon Kim, Ji-Won Kwon, Hyung Young Kim, Ju-Hee Seo, Hyo-Bin Kim, So-Yeon Lee, Gwang-Cheon Jang, Dae-Jin Song, Woo Kyung Kim, Young-Ho Jung, Soo-Jong Hong, Jung Yeon Shim
BACKGROUND: Relationship between recurrent wheeze and airway function and inflammation in preschool children is not fully known. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between recurrent wheeze and airway inflammation, lung function, airway hyper-reactivity (AHR) and atopy in preschool children. DESIGN: Observational study, comparing forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC) and mid-forced expiratory flow (FEF25%-75%), dose-response slope (DRS), exhaled nitric oxide (eNO) and atopic sensitisation between children with recurrent wheeze and those without...
October 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991646/epidemiology-of-lung-disease-in-older-persons
#11
REVIEW
Carlos A Vaz Fragoso
Older persons frequently report respiratory risk factors and symptoms and have a high prevalence of symptomatic lung disease, most commonly obstructive airway disease, interstitial lung disease, and lung cancer. Notably, coexisting nonrespiratory risk factors are also prevalent and may misidentify or modify respiratory diagnoses and their clinical course.
November 2017: Clinics in Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991240/polypharmacology-based-ceritinib-repurposing-using-integrated-functional-proteomics
#12
Brent M Kuenzi, Lily L Remsing Rix, Paul A Stewart, Bin Fang, Fumi Kinose, Annamarie T Bryant, Theresa A Boyle, John M Koomen, Eric B Haura, Uwe Rix
Targeted drugs are effective when they directly inhibit strong disease drivers, but only a small fraction of diseases feature defined actionable drivers. Alternatively, network-based approaches can uncover new therapeutic opportunities. Applying an integrated phenotypic screening, chemical and phosphoproteomics strategy, here we describe the anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) inhibitor ceritinib as having activity across several ALK-negative lung cancer cell lines and identify new targets and network-wide signaling effects...
October 9, 2017: Nature Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988941/the-economic-impact-of-a-nurse-practitioner-directed-lung-cancer-screening-incidental-pulmonary-nodule-and-tobacco-cessation-clinic
#13
Christopher R Gilbert, Rob Ely, Joelle T Fathi, Brian E Louie, Candice L Wilshire, Hannah Modin, Ralph W Aye, Alexander S Farivar, Eric Vallières, Jed A Gorden
OBJECTIVE: Lung cancer screening programs have become increasingly prevalent within the United States after the National Lung Screening Trial results. We aimed to review the financial impact after programmatic implementation of Advanced Registered Nurse Practitioner-led programs of Lung Cancer Screening and Tobacco Related Diseases, Incidental Pulmonary Nodule Clinic, and Tobacco Cessation Services. METHODS: We reviewed revenue from 2013 to 2016 by our nurse practitioner-led program...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987879/thioaptamer-targeted-discoidal-microparticles-increase-self-immunity-and-reduce-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-burden-in-mice
#14
Fransisca Leonard, Ngan P Ha, Preeti Sule, Jenolyn F Alexander, David E Volk, Ganesh L R Lokesh, Xuewu Liu, Jeffrey D Cirillo, David G Gorenstein, Jinyun Yuan, Soumya Chatterjee, Edward A Graviss, Biana Godin
Worldwide, tuberculosis (TB) remains one of the most prevalent infectious diseases causing morbidity and death in >1.5 million patients annually. Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), the etiologic agent of TB, usually resides in the alveolar macrophages. Current tuberculosis treatment methods require more than six months, and low compliance often leads to therapeutic failure and multidrug resistant strain development. Critical to improving TB-therapy is shortening treatment duration and increasing therapeutic efficacy...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983918/how-many-cancer-cases-and-deaths-are-potentially-preventable-estimates-for-australia-in-2013
#15
Louise F Wilson, Annika Antonsson, Adele C Green, Susan J Jordan, Bradley J Kendall, Christina M Nagle, Rachel E Neale, Catherine M Olsen, Penelope M Webb, David C Whiteman
Cancer is a leading cause of disease burden in Australia, particularly fatal burden, accounting for an estimated thirty percent of deaths. Many cancers develop because of exposure to lifestyle and environmental factors that are potentially modifiable. We aimed to quantify the proportions and numbers of cancer deaths and cases in Australia in 2013 attributable to 20 modifiable factors in eight broad groupings that are established causes of cancer, namely: tobacco smoke (smoking and second-hand), dietary factors (low intake of fruit, non-starchy vegetables and dietary fibre; and high intake of red and processed meat), overweight/obesity, alcohol, physical inactivity, solar ultraviolet radiation, infections (seven agents), and reproductive factors (lack of breastfeeding, menopausal hormone therapy use, combined oral contraceptive use)...
October 6, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983810/dysregulation-of-innate-lymphoid-cells-in-common-variable-immunodeficiency
#16
REVIEW
Paul J Maglione, Montserrat Cols, Charlotte Cunningham-Rundles
Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is the most prevalent symptomatic primary immune deficiency. With widespread use of immunoglobulin replacement therapy, non-infectious complications, such as autoimmunity, chronic intestinal inflammation, and lung disease, have replaced infections as the major cause of morbidity and mortality in this immune deficiency. The pathogenic mechanisms that underlie the development of these complications in CVID are not known; however, there have been numerous associated laboratory findings...
October 5, 2017: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983782/electronic-cigarettes-their-constituents-and-potential-links-to-asthma
#17
REVIEW
Phillip W Clapp, Ilona Jaspers
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Vaping is gaining popularity in the USA, particularly among teens and young adults. While e-cigs are commonly represented as safer alternatives to tobacco cigarettes, little is known regarding the health effects of their short- or long-term use, especially in individuals with pre-existing respiratory diseases such as asthma. Flavored e-cig liquids (e-liquids) and e-cig aerosols contain airway irritants and toxicants that have been implicated in the pathogenesis and worsening of lung diseases...
October 5, 2017: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980912/influence-of-antibody-profile-in-clinical-features-and-prognosis-in-a-cohort-of-spanish-patients-with-systemic-sclerosis
#18
Nerea Iniesta Arandia, Carmen Pilar Simeón-Aznar, Alfredo Guillén Del Castillo, Dolores Colunga Argüelles, Manuel Rubio-Rivas, Luis Trapiella Martínez, Francisco José García Hernández, Luis Sáez Comet, María Victoria Egurbide Arberas, Norberto Ortego-Centeno, Mayka Freire, Begoña Marí Alfonso, José Antonio Vargas Hitos, Juan José Ríos Blanco, José Antonio Todolí Parra, Monica Rodríguez-Carballeira, Adela Marín Ballvé, Antonio Javier Chamorro Fernández, Xavier Pla Salas, Ana Belen Madroñero Vuelta, Manuel Ruiz Muñoz, Vicent Fonollosa Pla, Gerard Espinosa
OBJECTIVES: To assess the clinical manifestations and prognosis of Spanish patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) according to their immunological profile. METHODS: From the Spanish Scleroderma Study Group or RESCLE (Registro de ESCLErodermia as Spanish nomenclature) Registry we selected those patients in which anti-centromere (ACA), anti-topoisomerase I (ATA), and anti-RNA polymerase III (ARA) antibodies had been determined, and a single positivity for each SSc specific antibody was detected...
September 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980905/clinical-and-epidemiological-differences-between-men-and-women-with-systemic-sclerosis-a-study-in-a-spanish-systemic-sclerosis-cohort-and-literature-review
#19
REVIEW
Mayka Freire, Alberto Rivera, Bernardo Sopeña, Carles Tolosa Vilella, Alfredo Guillén-Del Castillo, Dolores Colunga Argüelles, Jose Luis Callejas Rubio, Manuel Rubio Rivas, Luis Trapiella Martínez, Jose Antonio Todolí Parra, Mónica Rodríguez Carballeira, Nerea Iniesta Arandia, Francisco José García Hernández, María Victoria Egurbide Arberas, Luis Sáez Comet, Jose Antonio Vargas Hitos, Juan José Ríos Blanco, Adela Marín Ballvé, Xavier Pla Salas, Ana Belén Madroñero Vuelta, Manuel Ruiz Muñoz, Vicent Fonollosa Pla, Carmen Pilar Simeón Aznar
OBJECTIVES: The low overall prevalence of systemic sclerosis (SSc) and the low proportion of male patients have resulted in a scarcity of studies assessing sex differences in Ssc patients, and contradictory results have often been show among those studies that have been performed. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted with the Spanish RESCLE register to analyse the influence of gender on survival of SSc patients. RESULTS: In total, 1506 SSc patients (1341 women, 165 men) were recruited from 21 centres...
September 18, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979357/prevalence-of-human-hydatidosis-based-on-hospital-records-in-hamadan-west-of-iran-from-2006-to-2013
#20
Nazanin Fallah, Khadijeh Rahmati, Mohammad Fallah
BACKGROUND: The reservoir and intermediate hosts of Echinococcus granulsus and human hydatidosis are more prevalent in the Alborz and Zagros Mountains slop due to rich pastures for sheep raising. Many cases of hydatid cysts operate in local hospitals annually. The present study aimed to review the epidemiologic characteristics of the hydatidosis patients. METHODS: In this descriptive study, the medical files of 182 hydatidosis patients from main public and private hospitals in Hamadan Province, western Iran from 2006 to 2013 were reviewed...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
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