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Prevalence heart disease

Hidemi Takeuchi, Michihiro Okuyama, Haruhito A Uchida, Yuki Kakio, Ryoko Umebayashi, Yuka Okuyama, Yasuhiro Fujii, Susumu Ozawa, Masashi Yoshida, Yu Oshima, Shunji Sano, Jun Wada
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and diabetes mellitus (DM) are considered as risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. The purpose of this study was to clarify the relationship of CKD and DM with the presence of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). METHODS: We enrolled 261 patients with AAA (AAA+) and age-and-sex matched 261 patients without AAA (AAA-) at two hospitals between 2008 and 2014, and examined the association between the risk factors and the presence of AAA...
2016: PloS One
Najlaa M Aljefree, Patricia Lee, Jamal M Alsaqqaf, Faruk Ahmed
Recent evidence has pointed out an association between vitamin D deficiency and coronary heart disease (CHD). Due to the growing epidemic of CHD and vitamin D deficiency in Saudi Arabia, exploring the role of vitamin D in the prevention of CHD is crucial. The aim of this study was to examine the association between vitamin D status and CHD in Saudi Arabian adults. This case-control study included 130 CHD cases and 195 age-sex matched controls. Study subjects were recruited from three hospitals in the western region of Saudi Arabia...
October 17, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
Parham Parto, Carl J Lavie, Ross Arena, Samantha Bond, Dejana Popovic, Hector O Ventura
The prevalence of obesity among adults and children worldwide has reached epic proportions and has become a major independent risk factor for the development of heart failure (HF), in addition to a contributor of hypertension and cardiovascular disease. The implications of obesity in the development of HF involve adverse effects on cardiac structure and function. Despite all of this, in the setting of chronic HF, excess body mass is associated with improved clinical outcomes, demonstrating the presence of an obesity paradox...
October 20, 2016: Future Cardiology
M Henze, H Alfonso, L Flicker, J George, S A Paul Chubb, G J Hankey, O P Almeida, J Golledge, P E Norman, B B Yeap
AIMS: To investigate behavioural, physical and biochemical characteristics associated with diabetes in the oldest age group of elderly men. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of community-dwelling men aged 79-97 years from Perth, Western Australia. Lifestyle behaviours, self-rated health, physical function, and fasting glucose and HbA1c levels were assessed. RESULTS: Of 1426 men, 315 had diabetes (22%). Men with diabetes were of similar age to men without (84...
October 20, 2016: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
Daniel Omersa, Mitja Lainscak, Ivan Erzen, Jerneja Farkas
BACKGROUND: In heart failure (HF), comorbidity burden and prognostic risks increase with age. Studies investigating outcome in elderly patients from large datasets are lacking, particularly in central and eastern European countries. We analyzed the Slovenian data on mortality and readmissions after first HF hospitalization in patients aged 65 years or over. METHODS: In this observational epidemiological study, the Slovenian national hospitalization database was searched for HF patients aged ≥65 years with first HF hospitalization between 2008 and 2012...
October 19, 2016: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Samaneh Asgari, Maryam Barzin, Farhad Hosseinpanah, Farzad Hadaegh, Fereidoun Azizi, Davood Khalili
BACKGROUND: Although current data shows a positive association between obesity and development of coronary heart disease (CHD) in general population, there is limited data on the important protective role of central or general obesity in patients with prevalent CHD or the "obesity paradox", from this region. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the present investigation was to describe the relationship between BMI categories and the recurrence of CHD in patients with a history of CHD using data from a large population-based study, the Tehran lipid and glucose study (TLGS)...
April 2016: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Andrea Gruneir, Lauren E Griffith, Kathryn Fisher, Dilzayn Panjwani, Sima Gandhi, Li Sheng, Chris Patterson, Amiram Gafni, Jenny Ploeg, Maureen Markle-Reid
OBJECTIVE: To characterize comorbid chronic conditions, describe health services use, and estimate health care costs among community-dwelling older adults with prior stroke. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study using administrative data from Ontario, Canada. We identified all community-dwelling individuals aged 66 and over on April 1, 2008 (baseline), who had experienced a stroke at least 6 months prior. We estimated the prevalence of 14 comorbid conditions at baseline; we captured all physician visits, emergency department visits, hospital admissions, home care contacts, and associated costs over 5 years stratifying by number of comorbid conditions...
October 19, 2016: Neurology
Jiraporn Jarungsriapisit, Lindsey J Moore, Stig Mæhle, Cecilie Skår, Ann Cathrine Einen, Ingrid Uglenes Fiksdal, Hugh Craig Morton, Sigurd O Stefansson, Geir Lasse Taranger, Sonal Patel
Salmonid alphavirus subtype 3 (SAV3) causes pancreas disease (PD) and adversely affects salmonid aquaculture in Europe. A better understanding of disease transmission is currently needed in order to manage PD outbreaks. Here, we demonstrate the relationship between viral dose and the outcome of SAV3 infection in Atlantic salmon post-smolts using a bath challenge model. Fish were challenged at 12 °C with 3 different SAV3 doses; 139, 27 and 7 TCID50 L(-1) of seawater. A dose of as little as 7 TCID50 L(-1) of seawater was able to induce SAV3 infection in the challenged population with a substantial level of variation between replicate tanks and, therefore, likely represents a dose close to the minimum dose required to establish an infection in a population...
October 19, 2016: Veterinary Research
Daria Bałczewska, Krzysztof Kaczmarek, Paweł Ptaszyński, Jerzy Krzysztof Wranicz, Iwona Cygankiewicz
Syncope is a symptom of the disease with diverse etiology and can be evidence of both benign and very serious life-threatening conditions. Vasovagal syncope(VVS), with prevalence about 35% of the general population, is most frequent causes of transient loss of consciousness (T-LOC). Most cases of vasovagal syncope requires conservative treatment. Although cardioinhibitory type of VVS characterized by a significant bradycardia or pause of the heart rate and can be treated with continuous electrotherapy. This article discuss cardiac pacing and technical solutions for the treatment of VVS...
October 19, 2016: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Hyun Min Kim, Jong-Mi Seong, Jaetaek Kim
The objective of this study was to carry out a large population-based study to understand the factors associated with hypoglycemia-related hospitalizations among older Korean adults with diabetes mellitus.This study analyzed data from a subset of the 2013 Health Insurance and Review and Assessment service-Adult Patient Sample. A total of 307,170 subjects, comprising 41.7% men and 58.3% women, had diabetes mellitus. Hypertension (80.8%) was the most common comorbidity, and dyslipidemia (59.0%) and ischemic heart disease (21...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Masato Nishimura, Toshiko Tokoro, Satoru Yamazaki, Tetsuya Hashimoto, Hiroyuki Kobayashi, Toshihiko Ono
BACKGROUND: We examined the prevalence, prognosis, and effect of endothelin receptor antagonists on survival in end-stage kidney disease patients with idiopathic pre-capillary pulmonary hypertension. METHODS: We investigated 1988 end-stage kidney disease patients in Toujinkai Hospital from January 1, 2001 to December 31, 2014. Pulmonary hypertension was screened by symptoms (dyspnea, hypotension, or near syncope) and echocardiography, and diagnosed by computed tomography with enhancement, pulmonary flow scintigraphy, and right heart catheterization...
October 19, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
Christian Cadeddu, Valentina Mercurio, Paolo Spallarossa, Savina Nodari, Marco Triggiani, Ines Monte, Roberta Piras, Rosalinda Madonna, Pasquale Pagliaro, Carlo G Tocchetti, Giuseppe Mercuro
Because of the recent advances in chemotherapeutic protocols, cancer survival has improved significantly, although cardiovascular disease has become a major cause of morbidity and mortality among cancer survivors: in addition to the well-known cardiotoxicity (CTX) from anthracyclines, biologic drugs that target molecules that are active in cancer biology also interfere with cardiovascular homeostasis.Pharmacological and non-pharmacological strategies to protect the cardiovascular structure and function are the best approaches to reducing the prevalence of cardiomyopathy linked to anticancer drugs...
May 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
Elena Bartoloni, Giacomo Pucci, Francesca Cannarile, Francesca Battista, Alessia Alunno, Marco Giuliani, Giacomo Cafaro, Roberto Gerli, Giuseppe Schillaci
Although microvascular disease is a hallmark of systemic sclerosis (SSc), a higher prevalence of macrovascular disease and a poorer related prognosis have been reported in SSc than in the general population. The simultaneous assessment of prognostically relevant functional properties of larger and smaller arteries, and their effects on central hemodynamics, has never been performed in SSc using the state-of-the-art techniques. Thirty-four women with SSc (aged 61±15 years, disease duration 17±12 years, and blood pressure 123/70±18/11 mm Hg) and 34 healthy women individually matched by age and mean arterial pressure underwent the determination of carotid-femoral (aortic) and carotid-radial (upper limb) pulse wave velocity (a direct measure of arterial stiffness), aortic augmentation (a measure of the contribution of reflected wave to central pulse pressure), and aortobrachial pulse pressure amplification (brachial/aortic pulse pressure) through applanation tonometry (SphygmoCor)...
October 17, 2016: Hypertension
Angela M Rose, Ian R Hambleton, Selvi M Jeyaseelan, Christina Howitt, Rhea Harewood, Jacqueline Campbell, Tanya N Martelly, Tracey Blackman, Kenneth S George, Trevor A Hassell, David O Corbin, Rudolph Delice, Patsy Prussia, Branka Legetic, Anselm J Hennis
Objective To describe the surveillance model used to develop the first national, population-based, multiple noncommunicable disease (NCD) registry in the Caribbean (one of the first of its kind worldwide); registry implementation; lessons learned; and incidence and mortality rates from the first years of operation. Methods Driven by limited national resources, this initiative of the Barbados Ministry of Health (MoH), in collaboration with The University of the West Indies, was designed to collect prospective data on incident stroke and acute myocardial infarction (MI) (heart attack) cases from all health care facilities in this small island developing state (SIDS) in the Eastern Caribbean...
February 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
Fares Karamat, Frederieke Diemer, Sergio Baldew, Glen Oehlers, Gert Van Montfrans, Lizzy Brewster
OBJECTIVE: The global burden of disease attributable to high blood pressure showed that 54% of stroke and 47% of ishaemic heart disease worldwide were due to hypertension. Hypertension is still the main risk factor for premature death worldwide and, in particular, in low- and middle-income countries. We aimed to assess prehypertension and hypertension prevalence among a predominantly Asian and African population living in urban Suriname, a middle-income country in South America. DESIGN AND METHOD: We used data from the Healthy Life in Suriname study, in which 1,152 men and women aged 18-70 y living in the capital were randomly selected...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
V V Muthusamy
Cardiovascular disease burden is increasing all over the world. The diagnosis of hypertension is considered when a person has persistently elevated BP (Systolic BP more than 140 mmHg and/or Diastolic BP more than 90 mmHg). Dyslipidemia denotes abnormal levels of lipids in the blood (Total Cholesterol >200 mg%, Low density lipoprotein (LDL) >100 mg%, Triglycerides (TGL) >150 mg% and High density lipoprotein (HDL) <40 mg in men and < 50 mg in women. Hypertension and Dyslipidemia constitute the important components of metabolic syndrome as per the definition of NCEP Guidelines-Adult Treatment Panel III (ATP III)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Kyoung Im Cho, Eun A Cho, Jung Ho Heo, Hyun Su Kim, Sung Il Im, Tae Joon Cha
OBJECTIVE: Increased sympathetic activity is one of the proposed mechanisms underlying exaggerated blood pressure (BP) response to exercise (EBPR). Heart rate recovery (HRR) is a simple non-invasive measurement analyzing autonomic nervous dysfunction, and has been shown to predict cardiovascular disease mortality. We aimed to the association between HRR and EBPR in patients with hypertension according to the circadian pattern and white coat hypertension. DESIGN AND METHOD: A total of 409 consecutive patients who simultaneously underwent Treadmill test and 24-hours ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) were included to this cross-sectional case-control study...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Sheila Patel, Elena Velkoska, Louise Burrell
OBJECTIVE: Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is prevalent in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and a major cause of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Treatment of LVH in CKD is based on blood pressure control. The Kruppel like factor 15 (KLF15) is expressed in the heart and acts as a repressor of cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis. The role of cardiac KLF15 in the development of LVH in rats with CKD secondary to subtotal nephrectomy (STNx) or the effects of ACE inhibition on KLF15 levels has not been addressed previously...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Hongbo Dong, Yinkun Yan, Junting Liu, Xiaoyuan Zhao, Hong Cheng, Dongqing Hou, Guimin Huang, Jie Mi
OBJECTIVE: The American Heart Association's (AHA) 2020 Strategic Goals defined a new concept of cardiovascular health (CVH) for adults and children, emphasizing the importance of early prevention of risk factors. CV disease risk factors track from childhood to adulthood, which should be closely monitored over time. However, detailed data on the trends in CVH among children are sparse. Therefore, by adopting the construct from the AHA, the present study seeks to evaluate the changes of ideal CVH, as well as each component, among Chinese children and adolescents in Beijing...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Yinkun Yan, Hongbo Dong, Junting Liu, Xiaoyuan Zhao, Hong Cheng, Dongqing Hou, Guimin Huang, Jie Mi
OBJECTIVE: In 2010, the American Heart Association (AHA) defined a set of four health behaviors and four health factors to evaluate cardiovascular health (CVH) status for children and adolescents. We aimed to examine the age-, sex-, and region- specific prevalence of ideal CVH and each CVH component among Chinese children and adolescents based on a nationally representative survey. DESIGN AND METHOD: Data were obtained from the China Children Blood Pressure Survey conducted in 2013-2014, which comprised of 10818 children and adolescents aged 6-18 years old from eight urban cities...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
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