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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528524/a-novel-public-health-approach-to-measuring-tobacco-cessation-needs-among-cancer-survivors-in-alaska
#1
J Michael Underwood, Samantha J Hyde-Rolland, Julia Thorsness, Sherri L Stewart
Cancer survivors who continue to smoke have poorer response to treatment, higher risk for future cancers and lower survival rates than those who quit tobacco after diagnosis. Despite the increased risk for negative health outcomes, tobacco use among Alaskan cancer survivors is 19%, among the highest in the nation. To characterize and address tobacco cessation needs among cancer survivors who called a quit line for help in quitting tobacco, Alaska's Comprehensive Cancer Control program initiated a novel partnership with the state's Tobacco Quit Line...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527533/global-regional-and-national-burden-of-cardiovascular-diseases-for-10-causes-1990-to-2015
#2
Gregory A Roth, Catherine Johnson, Amanuel Abajobir, Foad Abd-Allah, Semaw Ferede Abera, Gebre Abyu, Muktar Ahmed, Baran Aksut, Tahiya Alam, Khurshid Alam, François Alla, Nelson Alvis-Guzman, Stephen Amrock, Hossein Ansari, Johan Ärnlöv, Hamid Asayesh, Tesfay Mehari Atey, Leticia Avila-Burgos, Ashish Awasthi, Amitava Banerjee, Aleksandra Barac, Till Bärnighausen, Lars Barregard, Neeraj Bedi, Ezra Belay Ketema, Derrick Bennett, Gebremedhin Berhe, Zulfiqar Bhutta, Shimelash Bitew, Jonathan Carapetis, Juan Jesus Carrero, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Carlos Andres Castañeda-Orjuela, Jacqueline Castillo-Rivas, Ferrán Catalá-López, Jee-Young Choi, Hanne Christensen, Massimo Cirillo, Leslie Cooper, Michael Criqui, David Cundiff, Albertino Damasceno, Lalit Dandona, Rakhi Dandona, Kairat Davletov, Samath Dharmaratne, Prabhakaran Dorairaj, Manisha Dubey, Rebecca Ehrenkranz, Maysaa El Sayed Zaki, Emerito Jose A Faraon, Alireza Esteghamati, Talha Farid, Maryam Farvid, Valery Feigin, Eric L Ding, Gerry Fowkes, Tsegaye Gebrehiwot, Richard Gillum, Audra Gold, Philimon Gona, Rajeev Gupta, Tesfa Dejenie Habtewold, Nima Hafezi-Nejad, Tesfaye Hailu, Gessessew Bugssa Hailu, Graeme Hankey, Hamid Yimam Hassen, Kalkidan Hassen Abate, Rasmus Havmoeller, Simon I Hay, Masako Horino, Peter J Hotez, Kathryn Jacobsen, Spencer James, Mehdi Javanbakht, Panniyammakal Jeemon, Denny John, Jost Jonas, Yogeshwar Kalkonde, Chante Karimkhani, Amir Kasaeian, Yousef Khader, Abdur Khan, Young-Ho Khang, Sahil Khera, Abdullah T Khoja, Jagdish Khubchandani, Daniel Kim, Dhaval Kolte, Soewarta Kosen, Kristopher J Krohn, G Anil Kumar, Gene Kwan, Dharmesh Kumar Lal, Anders Larsson, Shai Linn, Alan Lopez, Paulo A Lotufo, Hassan Magdy Abd El Razek, Reza Malekzadeh, Mohsen Mazidi, Toni Meier, Kidanu Gebremariam Meles, George Mensah, Atte Meretoja, Haftay Mezgebe, Ted Miller, Erkin Mirrakhimov, Shafiu Mohammed, Andrew E Moran, Kamarul Imran Musa, Jagat Narula, Bruce Neal, Frida Ngalesoni, Grant Nguyen, Carla Makhlouf Obermeyer, Mayowa Owolabi, George Patton, João Pedro, Dima Qato, Mostafa Qorbani, Kazem Rahimi, Rajesh Kumar Rai, Salman Rawaf, Antônio Ribeiro, Saeid Safiri, Joshua A Salomon, Itamar Santos, Milena Santric Milicevic, Benn Sartorius, Aletta Schutte, Sadaf Sepanlou, Masood Ali Shaikh, Min-Jeong Shin, Mehdi Shishehbor, Hirbo Shore, Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Eugene Sobngwi, Saverio Stranges, Soumya Swaminathan, Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos, Niguse Tadele Atnafu, Fisaha Tesfay, J S Thakur, Amanda Thrift, Roman Topor-Madry, Thomas Truelsen, Stefanos Tyrovolas, Kingsley Nnanna Ukwaja, Olalekan Uthman, Tommi Vasankari, Vasiliy Vlassov, Stein Emil Vollset, Tolassa Wakayo, David Watkins, Robert Weintraub, Andrea Werdecker, Ronny Westerman, Charles Shey Wiysonge, Charles Wolfe, Abdulhalik Workicho, Gelin Xu, Yuichiro Yano, Paul Yip, Naohiro Yonemoto, Mustafa Younis, Chuanhua Yu, Theo Vos, Mohsen Naghavi, Christopher Murray
BACKGROUND: The burden of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) remains unclear in many regions of the world. OBJECTIVES: The GBD (Global Burden of Disease) 2015 study integrated data on disease incidence, prevalence, and mortality to produce consistent, up-to-date estimates for cardiovascular burden. METHODS: CVD mortality was estimated from vital registration and verbal autopsy data. CVD prevalence was estimated using modeling software and data from health surveys, prospective cohorts, health system administrative data, and registries...
May 15, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526763/self-reported-stroke-risk-stratification-reasons-for-geographic-and-racial-differences-in-stroke-study
#3
George Howard, Leslie A McClure, Claudia S Moy, Virginia J Howard, Suzanne E Judd, Ya Yuan, D Leann Long, Paul Muntner, Monika M Safford, Dawn O Kleindorfer
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The standard for stroke risk stratification is the Framingham Stroke Risk Function (FSRF), an equation requiring an examination for blood pressure assessment, venipuncture for glucose assessment, and ECG to determine atrial fibrillation and heart disease. We assess a self-reported stroke risk function (SRSRF) to stratify stroke risk in comparison to the FSRF. METHODS: Participants from the REGARDS study (Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke) were evaluated at baseline and followed for incident stroke...
May 19, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526183/diabetes-mellitus-and-heart-failure
#4
Michael Lehrke, Nikolaus Marx
Epidemiologic and clinical data from the last 2 decades have shown that the prevalence of heart failure in diabetes is very high, and the prognosis for patients with heart failure is worse in those with diabetes than in those without diabetes. Experimental data suggest that various mechanisms contribute to the impairment in systolic and diastolic function in patients with diabetes, and there is an increased recognition that these patients develop heart failure independent of the presence of coronary artery disease or its associated risk factors...
May 15, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525624/early-and-asymptomatic-cardiac-dysfunction-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#5
Shanmugakumar Chinnappa, Edward White, Nigel Lewis, Omer Baldo, Yu-Kang Tu, Griet Glorieux, Raymond Vanholder, Meguid El Nahas, Andrew Mooney
Background: . Heart failure (HF) is highly prevalent and associated with high mortality in chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, the pathophysiology of cardiac dysfunction in CKD, especially in the early asymptomatic stage, is not well understood. We studied subclinical cardiac dysfunction in asymptomatic CKD patients without comorbid cardiac disease or diabetes mellitus by evaluating peak cardiac performance. Methods.: In a cross-sectional study ( n  = 130) we investigated 70 male non-diabetic CKD patients (21 CKD stage 2-3a, 27 CKD stage 3b-4 and 22 CKD stage 5) employing specialized cardiopulmonary exercise testing to measure peak cardiac output and cardiac power output non-invasively...
May 19, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525442/prevalence-and-determinants-of-hypertension-and-high-normal-blood-pressure-among-young-adult-saudi-females-insights-into-preventive-strategies
#6
Maha A Al-Mohaissen, Qumasha Y Al-Obaid, Wafa A AlGhamdi, Haneen S Al-Alyani, Sheima M Dahman, Nora A Al-Wahhabi, Noura M Al-Awaji, Terry Lee
This study aimed to determine the prevalence of hypertension and high normal blood pressure and their risk factors among young adult Saudi females. A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted in a women's university. A questionnaire evaluated the subjects' demographic data and risk factors for hypertension and the blood pressure, height, and weight were recorded. In all, 4.1% of the participants were hypertensive and 6.2% had high normal blood pressure. Significant predictors of hypertension/high normal blood pressure were increased body mass index, increased heart rate, walking fewer days per week, and dietary factors...
July 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523852/preparing-adolescents-with-heart-problems-for-transition-to-adult-care-2009-2010-national-survey-of-children-with-special-health-care-needs
#7
Karrie F Downing, Matthew E Oster, Sherry L Farr
OBJECTIVE: A substantial percentage of children with congenital heart disease (CHD) fail to transfer to adult care, resulting in increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Transition planning discussions with a provider may increase rates of transfer, yet little is known about frequency and content of these discussions. We assessed prevalence and predictors of transition-related discussions between providers and parents of children with special healthcare needs (CSHCN) and heart problems, including CHD...
May 19, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522699/greater-frequency-of-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-is-associated-with-lower-prevalence-of-peripheral-artery-disease
#8
Sean P Heffron, Caron B Rockman, Mark A Adelman, Eugenia Gianos, Yu Guo, Jin Feng Xu, Jeffrey S Berger
OBJECTIVE: Although fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption is associated with lower risk of coronary heart disease and stroke, its association with peripheral artery disease (PAD) is less certain. We, thus, sought to characterize F&V intake and investigate the association between F&V consumption and presence of PAD in a large community sample. APPROACH AND RESULTS: Self-referred participants at >20 000 US sites who completed medical and lifestyle questionnaires were evaluated by screening ankle brachial indices for PAD (ankle brachial index ≤0...
May 18, 2017: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522388/trends-in-socioeconomic-costs-of-morbid-obesity-among-korean-adults-2009-2013-data-from-national-health-insurance-service
#9
Jae-Woo Lee, Young-Eun Choi, Dong-Wook Kim, Sunmi Lee, Kyung-Hee Cho
As the prevalence of morbid obesity increased in Korea, the estimation of the accurate socioeconomic costs by morbid obesity was required; we analysed national medical costs through the big data. From 2009 year to 2013 year, Direct Costs (DC) for medical costs, transit costs and nursing costs and Indirect Costs (IC) for Future Income Loss (FIL) and Productivity Loss (PL) of morbid obesity (BMI≥30) were calculated, and socioeconomic costs were estimated by applying Population Attributable Risk (PAR) proportion according to obesity related diseases...
May 15, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522072/cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance-in-systemic-sclerosis-pearls-and-pitfalls
#10
REVIEW
Sophie I Mavrogeni, Juerg Schwitter, Luna Gargani, Alessia Pepe, Lorenzo Monti, Yannick Allanore, Marco Matucci-Cerinic
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune disease characterized by vascular dysfunction and excessive fibrosis, involving internal organs including the heart. The estimated prevalence of cardiac involvement in SSc is high and remains subclinical until the late stages. It is either primary, related to myocardial inflammation and fibrosis, or secondary, due to pulmonary arterial hypertension (SSc-PAH) or systemic hypertension, in those patients with renal involvement. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) is a useful tool for the early assessment of cardiac involvement in SSc...
March 31, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521684/the-role-of-diet-in-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome
#11
Paloma Almeda-Valdes, Roberto J Herrera-Mercadillo, Carlos A Aguilar-Salinas, Misael Uribe, Nahum Méndez-Sánchez
Metabolic syndrome is a frequent metabolic disorder characterized by obesity and insulin resistance seems to be the main pathophysiological alteration. The goal of treating metabolic syndrome is to reduce the risk of coronary heart disease and the development of type 2 diabetes. The lifestyle modification therapy combines specific recommendations on diet alone or combined with other strategies. In this review, we address the following topics: 1) the importance of the high prevalence of metabolic syndrome and obesity, and 2) the role of lifestyle modification focusing on dietary fat intake in the management of MS...
May 17, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516519/exercise-training-in-diastolic-heart-failure-ex-dhf-rationale-and-design-of-a-multicentre-prospective-randomized-controlled-parallel-group-trial
#12
Frank Edelmann, Anna Bobenko, Götz Gelbrich, Gerd Hasenfuss, Christoph Herrmann-Lingen, André Duvinage, Silja Schwarz, Meinhard Mende, Christiane Prettin, Tobias Trippel, Ruhdja Lindhorst, Daniel Morris, Elisabeth Pieske-Kraigher, Kathleen Nolte, Hans-Dirk Düngen, Rolf Wachter, Martin Halle, Burkert Pieske
Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is a common disease with high incidence and increasing prevalence. Patients suffer from functional limitation, poor health-related quality of life, and reduced prognosis. A pilot study in a smaller group of HFpEF patients showed that structured, supervised exercise training (ET) improves maximal exercise capacity, diastolic function, and physical quality of life. However, the long-term effects of ET on patient-related outcomes remain unclear in HFpEF. The primary objective of the Exercise training in Diastolic Heart Failure (Ex-DHF) trial is to investigate whether a 12 month supervised ET can improve a clinically meaningful composite outcome score in HFpEF patients...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515853/qt-prolongation-is-associated-with-increased-mortality-in-end-stage-liver-disease
#13
Sun Moon Kim, Bennet George, Diego Alcivar-Franco, Charles L Campbell, Richard Charnigo, Brian Delisle, Jonathan Hundley, Yousef Darrat, Gustavo Morales, Samy-Claude Elayi, Alison L Bailey
AIM: To determine the prevalence of QT prolongation in a large series of end stage liver disease (ESLD) patients and its association to clinical variables and mortality. METHODS: The QT interval was measured and corrected for heart rate for each patient, with a prolonged QT cutoff defined as QT > 450 ms for males and QT > 470 ms for females. Multiple clinical variables were evaluated including sex, age, serum sodium, international normalized ratio, creatinine, total bilirubin, beta-blocker use, Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD), MELD-Na, and etiology of liver disease...
April 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515589/spectrum-of-pulmonary-valve-morphology-and-its-relationship-to-pulmonary-trunk-in-tetralogy-of-fallot
#14
Binita R Chacko, George K Chiramel, Leena R Vimala, Devi A Manuel, Elizabeth Joseph, K Reka
BACKGROUND: Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is a complex congenital heart disease with anatomic variations. Although the pulmonary valve in TOF is abnormal, it has not been studied well, especially on newer imaging modalities such as multidetector computed tomography (CT), which gives excellent anatomic detail. AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess the morphology of pulmonary valve in TOF on CT and evaluate its association with the degree of hypoplasia of infundibulum and pulmonary trunk...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515370/acute-kidney-injury-following-cardiopulmonary-bypass-in-children%C3%A3-risk-factors-and-outcomes
#15
Seon Hwa Lee, Soo-Jin Kim, Hyung Joong Kim, Jae Sung Son, Ran Lee, Tae Gyoon Yoon
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is the most common and most serious complication following heart surgery. We aimed to determine the prevalence of, and risk factors for, AKI following pediatric cardiac surgery.Methods and Results:We retrospectively analyzed 135 patients aged ≤18 years who underwent cardiac surgery for congenital heart defects; by RACHS-1 category, 58 patients (43%) had an operative risk score ≥3. AKI was defined and classified using the pediatric pRIFLE criteria (Pediatric Risk, Injury, Failure, Loss, and End-stage Kidney Disease); 19 patients (14...
May 17, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511896/-changes-in-the-prevalence-of-statin-use-in-germany-findings-from-national-health-interview-and-examination-surveys-1997-1999-and-2008-2011
#16
Hildtraud C Knopf, Markus A Busch, Yong Du, Julia Truthmann, Anja Schienkiewitz, Christa Scheidt-Nave
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based guideline recommendations on lipid lowering drug treatment, in particular statin treatment, play an essential role in the management of dyslipidemias and in the prevention of cardiovascular disease events. In Germany, statutory health insurance data provide information on time trends in the prescription of lipid lowering drugs. However, population-based data regarding changes in user prevalence according to socio-demographic and health-related characteristics are lacking...
May 13, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511469/clinical-profile-and-outcome-of-newborns-with-acute-kidney-injury-in-a-level-3-neonatal-unit-in-western-india
#17
Satvik Chaitanya Bansal, Archana Somashekhar Nimbalkar, Amit R Kungwani, Dipen Vasudev Patel, Ankur Rajinder Sethi, Somashekhar Marutirao Nimbalkar
INTRODUCTION: Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) is a serious condition in neonatal care. It complicates the management necessitating the restrictive use of medications. AIM: To evaluate clinical profile, identify associated and prog-nostic factors in newborns with AKI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a case control study done between January 2008 to January 2010. Total 1745 newborns were admitted, of which 74 babies had AKI. It was defined as serum creatinine >1...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510461/underlying-causes-of-persistent-and-recurrent-pneumonia-in-children-at-a-pulmonary-referral-hospital-in-tehran-iran
#18
Mohammad Reza Bolursaz, Ferial Lotfian, Hossein Ali Ghaffaripour, Maryam Hassanzad
BACKGROUND: There is limited data on recurrent or persistent pneumonia in children, particularly in the developing world. This is a retrospective, cross-sectional study of children with recurrent or persistent pneumonia admitted to the Pediatric Department of Massih Daneshvari Hospital, Tehran, Iran. METHODS: Children under 18 years of age, who were admitted to the hospital with pneumonia between 2007 and 2013, were investigated to find out the prevalence of recurrent and persistent pneumonia and to recognize their underlying diseases...
May 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510085/cardiac-aging-and-heart-disease-in-humans
#19
REVIEW
Marja Steenman, Gilles Lande
The world population continues to grow older rapidly, mostly because of declining fertility and increasing longevity. Since age represents the largest risk factor for cardiovascular disease, the prevalence of these pathologies increases dramatically with increasing age. In order to improve patient care and prevention for age-related cardiac diseases, insight should be gained from the analysis of processes involved in and leading to cardiac aging. It is from this perspective that we provide here an overview of changes associated with age in the heart on four levels: functional, structural, cellular and molecular...
April 2017: Biophysical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509399/association-of-renin-angiotensin-antagonists-with-adverse-perioperative-events-in-patients-undergoing-elective-orthopaedic-surgery-a-case-control-study
#20
Amith Zainudheen, Ian A Scott, Xenia Caney
BACKGROUND: Renin angiotensin antagonists (RAAs) may block protective vasopressor responses during surgery. Evidence linking RAAs with intraoperative hypotension and perioperative adverse events is conflicting. METHODS: Retrospective case-control study of 258 consecutive patients who underwent elective total knee or hip replacement between January 1(st) 2013 and August 31(st) 2016, and who were chronically prescribed a single blood pressure lowering agent up to the time of surgery...
May 16, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
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