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pneumothorax management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788194/a-project-to-assess-the-quality-of-the-published-guidelines-for-managing-primary-spontaneous-pneumothorax-from-the-italian-society-of-thoracic-surgeons
#1
Luca Bertolaccini, Maria Teresa Congedo, Alessandro Bertani, Piergiorgio Solli, Mario Nosotti
OBJECTIVES: A project to assess the existing literature and the quality of past guidelines on the management of primary spontaneous pneumothorax was developed by the Italian Society of Thoracic Surgeons, with particular focus on the assessment of the methods used to produce such recommendations. METHODS: The different items and domains within each guideline were assessed using the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation (AGREE) II instrument and scored on a 7-point scale...
May 16, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782482/trauma-patients-are-safe-to-fly-72-hours-after-tube-thoracostomy-removal
#2
David Zonies, Joel Elterman, Christopher Burns, Vincent Paul, John Oh, Jeremy Cannon
BACKGROUND: Current recommendations for safe air travel following traumatic pneumothorax are 2-3 weeks after radiographic resolution. These recommendations are based on several small observational studies and expert consensus which cite a theoretical risk of recurrence and hypoxia due to decreased oxygen tension at altitude. We sought to systematically study the timing of chest drain removal after traumatic pneumothorax and risk of recurrence in relation to air travel. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of consecutively admitted patients who sustained a traumatic chest injury treated with tube thoracostomy over a 5-year period was undertaken...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776705/-pneumothorax-in-young-cannabis-smokers-a-propos-of-three-cases
#3
M-L Chardon, J-C Dalphin, B Degano
INTRODUCTION: Cannabis consumption is common among adolescents and young adults in France. In addition to its neurological effect, cannabis smoking can induce severe pulmonary emphysema, even in young patients. When a spontaneous pneumothorax occurs in a cannabis smoker, the possibility of a secondary spontaneous pneumothorax should be considered. This may be of importance as management of secondary spontaneous pneumothorax may differ from the well-codified handling of primary spontaneous pneumothorax...
May 15, 2018: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746270/evidence-regarding-the-use-of-bubble-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-in-the-extremely-low-birth-weight-infant-benefits-challenges-and-implications-for-nursing-practice
#4
Samantha Alessi
BACKGROUND: Gentle ventilation with optimal oxygenation is integral to prevention of chronic lung disease in the extremely low birth-weight (ELBW) infant. Various types of noninvasive ventilation are used in neonatal intensive care units worldwide. Bubble continuous positive airway pressure (BCPAP) has been in use in newborn intensive care since 1975. PURPOSE: To synthesize the current evidence on the use of BCPAP in the ELBW infant and its relationship to outcomes, particularly morbidity and mortality...
May 9, 2018: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744098/life-threatening-nontraumatic-tension-gastrothorax
#5
Ihab I El Hajj, Marshall McCabe, DuyKhanh P Ceppa, Jonathan A Fridell, Stuart Sherman
Tension gastrothorax is a rare condition, which poses a diagnostic dilemma and can be mistaken for a tension pneumothorax. Awareness of the risk factors, clinical presentation, and radiology findings of tension gastrothorax can help with the prompt identification and successful management of this life-threatening condition.
May 2018: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728730/awake-tracheostomy-indications-complications-and-outcome
#6
Doron Sagiv, Yuval Nachalon, Jobran Mansour, Eran Glikson, Eran E Alon, Arkadi Yakirevitch, Gideon Bachar, Michael Wolf, Adi Primov-Fever
BACKGROUND: Awake tracheostomy (AT) is aimed at securing the airway of patients with upper airway obstruction when other means are not feasible or have failed. Reports on AT in the literature are scarce. The goal of this study was to review our experience with the indications, complications and outcome of AT. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted on all ATs performed between 2010 and 2016 in two university-affiliated, tertiary medical centers. Data on demographics, indications, techniques, urgency and postoperative complications were retrieved from the medical charts...
May 4, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714650/real-time-view-of-anesthetic-solution-spread-during-an-ultrasound-guided-thoracic-paravertebral-block
#7
Domenico P Santonastaso, Annabella de Chiara, Marco Rispoli, Giovanni Musetti, Vanni Agnoletti
BACKGROUND: Thoracic paravertebral block is a technique for perioperative analgesia in patients undergoing thoracic, chest wall, or breast surgery, or for pain management with rib fractures, which can be performed with or without ultrasound guidance. The ultrasound guidance technique can be used to identify the thoracic paravertebral space, guide needle placement, monitor the spread of local anesthetic (LA) solution, and reduce complications such as pleural puncture and pneumothorax. The possibility of assessing anesthetic spread in real time using ultrasound guidance during paravertebral block offers numerous advantages, including the immediate and accurate identification of the extent of nervous block, with a consequent reduction of LA dose...
March 1, 2018: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707376/is-laryngeal-mask-airway-general-anesthesia-feasible-for-minimally-invasive-esophagectomy
#8
Rui-Xiang Zhang, Yin Li, Xian-Ben Liu, Xi-Hua Lu, Hai-Bo Sun, Zong-Fei Wang, Shi-Lei Liu, Yan Zheng, Xiao-Fei Liu, Xiu-Xia Wu
Minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) has been identified as an oncological method with lower mortality and morbidity. This procedure is usually performed under general anesthesia using double endotracheal tube intubation and one-lung ventilation for a good visualization like other video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). However, it is difficult to differentiate weather the postoperative hoarseness is caused by intubation or by recurrent laryngeal nerve injury during operation, and some complications related to intubation also are the focus of thoracic surgeons...
March 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704815/thoracic-endometriosis-syndrome-comparison-between-catamenial-pneumothorax-or-endometriosis-related-pneumothorax-and-catamenial-hemoptysis
#9
Shinya Fukuda, Tetsuya Hirata, Kazuaki Neriishi, Akari Nakazawa, Masashi Takamura, Gentaro Izumi, Miyuki Harada, Yasushi Hirota, Kaori Koga, Osamu Wada-Hiraike, Tomoyuki Fujii, Yutaka Osuga
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical features of thoracic endometriosis syndrome (TES) represented by catamenial pneumothorax (CP), endometriosis-related pneumothorax (ERP), and catamenial hemoptysis (CH). STUDY DESIGN: In this retrospective study, we enrolled 25 patients with TES, 18 of whom had CP/ERP and 7 had CH, to investigate the clinical presentation, effectiveness of treatment, and recurrence rates in these disorders. RESULTS: The age at onset was significantly lower in patients with CH than in patients with CP/ERP (P < 0...
April 20, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701428/anaesthetic-management-in-a-duchennne-muscle-dystrophy-patient-for-treatment-of-recurrent-pneumothorax
#10
Sara Mota, Liuba Germanova, Joana Cortesão, Teresa Paiva
INTRODUCTION: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is an x linked recessive disorder. Long term prognosis is ominous, with development of respiratory distress and cardiomyopathy in advanced stage of the disease and expected death in the teens-to-mid 20s due to respiratory or cardiac failure. Peri-operative management of this patients is challenging due to difficult airway anatomy (macroglossia, limited neck and mandibular mobility). Additionally, they are at risk of developing malignant hyperthermia, rhabdomyolysis and hyperkalemic cardiac arrest when exposed to halogenated inhalational anaesthetics and depolarizing muscle relaxants...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701376/what-about-having-a-hydropneumothorax-every-month
#11
Sara Lopes, João Maciel, Pedro Cabral Bastos, Paulo Pinho
INTRODUCTION: Endometriosis is a pathological, benign, inflammatory condition characterized by the presence of endometrial glands and stroma outside the uterine cavity, typically in the pelvis. In rare conditions, this estrogen-dependent disease may be extrapelvic, presenting with a variety of symptoms, including Thoracic Endometriosis. METHODS: A 37 year-old woman presented with her third right hydropneumothorax in three months. Her medical history included infertility, an ovarian mass (in study), biliary diskinesia and protein C deficiency...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689739/pleuro-pericardial-communication-due-to-pigtail-catheters-in-extreme-preterm-infants-diagnosis-and-intervention
#12
Ranjit I Kylat
Pneumothorax in preterm infants is associated with an increased risk of chronic lung disease, intraventricular hemorrhage and mortality. In mechanically ventilated preterm infants, for the management of tension pneumothorax if needle aspiration is not successful a thoracostomy is needed. In the last two decades management of tension pneumothorax has changed from the use of traditional chest tubes to percutaneous pigtail catheter thoracostomy (PPCT) as the most commonly used technique. When compared to placement of traditional chest tubes, PPCT is touted as being faster requiring, less analgesia and less training for proficiency and having fewer complications...
2018: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687659/effectiveness-and-safety-of-nasal-mask-versus-binasal-prongs-for-providing-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-in-preterm-infants-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Bonny Jasani, Abu Ismail, Shripada Rao, Sanjay Patole
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) delivered via binasal prongs has been the cornerstone of respiratory management in preterm infants. Though effective, the use of binasal prongs is associated with nasal trauma, and CPAP failure. To overcome these issues, nasal masks are increasingly used to deliver CPAP in preterm infants. The aim was to conduct a systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing nasal mask versus binasal prongs to deliver CPAP in preterm infants. Medline, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cumulative Index of Nursing, and Allied Health Literature, and E-abstracts from the Pediatric Academic Society meetings were searched in May 2017...
April 23, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687275/pneumomediastinum-and-pneumopericardium-following-blunt-thoracic-trauma-much-ado-about-nothing
#14
David James Jackson Muckart, Timothy Craig Hardcastle, David Lee Skinner
PURPOSE: Pneumomediastinum is the hallmark of intrathoracic aerodigestive trauma, but rare following blunt injury. AIM: review of blunt thoracic trauma (BTC) for the incidence and outcome of patients with pneumomediastinum or pneumopericardium (PM/PC) on Computerised Tomographic scanning. METHODS: Admissions to the level I trauma ICU at IALCH, Durban, ZA following BTC from April 2007 to March 2014. Patients with Chest-CT-scan were analysed...
April 23, 2018: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685475/iatrogenic-tracheal-rupture-caused-by-emergency-intubation-a-case-report
#15
Christopher Schaeffer, Thomas Galas, Bettina Teruzzi, Jerome Sudrial, Nicolas Allou, Olivier Martinet
BACKGROUND: Iatrogenic tracheal rupture is a rare but life-threatening complication. If suspected by clinical examination or chest radiograph, a computed tomography scan can confirm the diagnosis, but the criterion standard is a bronchoscopy. There is no consensus on its management. CASE REPORT: A 52-year-old woman was intubated in a prehospital setting after cardiac arrest. A gradual appearance of subcutaneous emphysema was observed after intubation. A computed tomography scan revealed a complicated tracheal rupture, pneumomediastinum, and pneumothorax...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672817/early-autologous-blood-patch-pleurodesis-versus-conservative-management-for-treatment-of-secondary-spontaneous-pneumothorax
#16
Islam M Ibrahim, Montaser Elsawy Abd Elaziz, Mohammed Ahmed El-Hag-Aly
BACKGROUND:  Autologous blood-patch pleurodesis has been effectively utilized as a treatment option for the condition of secondary spontaneous pneumothorax (SSP). Moreover, it can be used with persistent air leak, with or without residual air space. However, there have been no robust reports for the optimal timing for autologous blood-patch pleurodesis. The aim of this study is to compare early autologous blood-patch pleurodesis with conservative management of SSP. METHODS:  We conducted a randomized controlled study at the Menoufia University Hospital...
April 19, 2018: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670781/-candida-krusei-empyema-thoracis-a-community-acquired-infection-requiring-a-high-index-of-suspicion
#17
Hazim Bukamur, Waseem Ahmed, Yazan Numan, Ibrahim Shahoub, Fuad Zeid
Empyema thoracis is a serious condition characterized by the accumulation of purulent fluid in the pleural cavity, typically following a pneumonia, subdiaphragmatic abscess, or esophageal rupture. Fungal empyema thoracis is a rare form of this condition with especially high mortality, in which the most frequently isolated fungus is Candida spp. This article presents a 74-year-old female with Candida krusei pneumonia and a complicated hospital course, initially presenting with nausea, vomiting, and dysphagia...
2018: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666746/unusual-life-threatening-pneumothorax-complicating-a-ruptured-complex-aspergilloma-in-an-immunocompetent-patient-in-cameroon
#18
Bernadette Ngo Nonga, Bonaventure Jemea, Angele O Pondy, Daniel Handy Eone, Marie Claire Bitchong, Olivier Fola, Atems Nkolaka, Gilles Martin Londji
An aspergilloma is a well-recognized lesion of the lung caused most of the time by the fungus Aspergillus fumigatus . Its main complication is hemoptysis and has been very rarely associated with tension pneumothorax. We present the case of a 47-year-old man with a history of treated and healed tuberculosis, which was successfully managed in our service for a ruptured right upper lobe complexed aspergilloma, complicated by a massive and tension pneumothorax. The patient underwent thoracotomy and lung resection with quick recovery...
2018: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666078/persistent-respiratory-distress-in-a-neonate-a-diagnostic-dilemma
#19
Amit Shukla, Aakash Pandita, Girish Gupta, Namita Mishra
We present a 17-day-old term, female baby who was referred to our centre for persistent respiratory distress. She was managed for pneumonia and pneumothorax at the primary care centre. On detailed clinical examination at admission, a possibility of congenital lobar emphysema (CLE) was considered. A CT chest was performed, and diagnosis of CLE was confirmed. The infant was managed with lobectomy. The respiratory distress settled within a few hours after the surgery, and the baby was discharged in stable condition...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665800/mda-5-associated-rapidly-progressive-interstitial-lung-disease-with-recurrent-pneumothoraces-a-case-report
#20
Safi Alqatari, Peter Riddell, Sinead Harney, Michael Henry, Grainne Murphy
BACKGROUND: Clinically hypomyopathic dermatomyositis is a rare disease that is important to recognize, investigate and treat early as it is associated with poor prognosis. In a proportion of patients, myositis specific antibodies could be negative, but with high clinical suspicion, myositis associated antibodies should be ordered. Anti-MDA-5 antibodies was reported in literature to be associated with severe and rapidly progressive interstitial lung disease, with few case reports of pneumothorax and/or pneumomediastinum...
April 17, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
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