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Neurosurgery and fMRI

Jarod L Roland, Natalie Griffin, Carl D Hacker, Ananth K Vellimana, S Hassan Akbari, Joshua S Shimony, Matthew D Smyth, Eric C Leuthardt, David D Limbrick
OBJECTIVE Cerebral mapping for surgical planning and operative guidance is a challenging task in neurosurgery. Pediatric patients are often poor candidates for many modern mapping techniques because of inability to cooperate due to their immature age, cognitive deficits, or other factors. Resting-state functional MRI (rs-fMRI) is uniquely suited to benefit pediatric patients because it is inherently noninvasive and does not require task performance or significant cooperation. Recent advances in the field have made mapping cerebral networks possible on an individual basis for use in clinical decision making...
December 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
James M Shine, Aaron Kucyi, Brett L Foster, Stephan Bickel, Danhong Wang, Hesheng Liu, Russell A Poldrack, Liang-Tien Hsieh, Jen Chun Hsiang, Josef Parvizi
To determine the spatiotemporal relationships among intrinsic networks of the human brain, we recruited seven neurosurgical patients (four males and three females) who were implanted with intracranial depth electrodes. We first identified canonical resting-state networks at the individual subject level using an iterative matching procedure on each subject's resting-state fMRI data. We then introduced single electrical pulses to fMRI pre-identified nodes of the default network (DN), frontoparietal network (FPN), and salience network (SN) while recording evoked responses in other recording sites within the same networks...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Frank E Garcea, Benjamin L Chernoff, Bram Diamond, Wesley Lewis, Maxwell H Sims, Samuel B Tomlinson, Alexander Teghipco, Raouf Belkhir, Sarah B Gannon, Steve Erickson, Susan O Smith, Jonathan Stone, Lynn Liu, Trenton Tollefson, John Langfitt, Elizabeth Marvin, Webster H Pilcher, Bradford Z Mahon
Prior research using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) [1-4] and behavioral studies of patients with acquired or congenital amusia [5-8] suggest that the right posterior superior temporal gyrus (STG) in the human brain is specialized for aspects of music processing (for review, see [9-12]). Intracranial electrical brain stimulation in awake neurosurgery patients is a powerful means to determine the computations supported by specific brain regions and networks [13-21] because it provides reversible causal evidence with high spatial resolution (for review, see [22, 23])...
September 11, 2017: Current Biology: CB
X Zhang, R B Qian, X M Fu, B Lin, D Zhang, C S Xia, X P Wei, C S Niu, Y H Wang
Objective: To discuss functional connectivity changes in the emotional network of patients with post-concussion syndrome (PCS) and their clinical significance by resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI). Methods: Twenty-seven patients with PCS were recruited from the Department of Neurosurgery of Anhui provincial hospital affiliated to Anhui medical university from October 2015 to April 2016, and 27 healthy subjects were recruited as the controls. The Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) and The Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD) were used to evaluate the emotional state of two groups of subjects...
July 4, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
X X Yan, Q Yu, Y T Gao, L T Li, D H Yu, Y Chen, X J Yao, W D Yang, Z J Chen, J Z Yin, Y An, K Tan
Objective: To study the relationship between the changes of brain network and cognition in patients with benign epilepsy of childhood with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS) by using long term video electroencephalogram (VEEG) and resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (RS-fMRI) technology. Methods: Eleven patients with right-handed were recruited (from April 2015 to September 2016) from epilepsy specialist outpatients and functional department of neurosurgery of Tianjin Medical University General Hospital...
May 23, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Chris Tailby, David F Abbott, Graeme D Jackson
"Which is the dominant hemisphere?" is a question that arises frequently in patients considered for neurosurgery. The concept of the dominant hemisphere implies uniformity of language lateralisation throughout the brain. It is increasingly recognised that this is not the case in the healthy control brain, and it is especially not so in neurological diseases such as epilepsy. In the present work we adapt our published objective lateralisation method (based on the construction of laterality curves) for use with sub-lobar cortical, subcortical and cerebellar regions of interest (ROIs)...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
Giancarlo D'Andrea, Giuseppe Trillo', Veronica Picotti, Antonino Raco
BACKGROUND: The goal of neurosurgery for cerebral intraparenchymal neoplasms of the eloquent areas is maximal resection with the preservation of normal functions, and minimizing operative risk and postoperative morbidity. Currently, modern technological advances in neuroradiological tools, neuronavigation, and intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have produced great improvements in postoperative morbidity after the surgery of cerebral eloquent areas. The integration of preoperative functional MRI (fMRI), intraoperative MRI (volumetric and diffusion tensor imaging [DTI]), and neuronavigation, defined as "functional neuronavigation" has improved the intraoperative detection of the eloquent areas...
2017: Acta Neurochirurgica. Supplement
Ahmed Abdullah, Hisham El Shitany, Waleed Abbass, Amr Safwat, Amr K Elsamman, Ehab El Refaee
OBJECTIVES: Surgical resection of low-grade gliomas (LGGs) in eloquent areas is one of the challenges in neurosurgery, using assistant tools to facilitate effective excision with minimal postoperative neurological deficits has been previously discussed (awake craniotomy and intraoperative cortical stimulation); however, these tools could have their own limitations thus implementation of a simple and effective technique that can guide to safe excision is needed in many situations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors conducted a retrospective analysis of a prospectively collected data of 76 consecutive surgical cases of LGGs of these 21 cases were situated in eloquent areas...
October 2016: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
Michael G Hart, Stephen J Price, John Suckling
OBJECTIVE Resection of focal brain lesions involves maximizing the resection while preserving brain function. Mapping brain function has entered a new era focusing on distributed connectivity networks at "rest," that is, in the absence of a specific task or stimulus, requiring minimal participant engagement. Central to this frame shift has been the development of methods for the rapid assessment of whole-brain connectivity with functional MRI (fMRI) involving blood oxygenation level-dependent imaging...
June 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
Timothy G Dyster, Charles B Mikell, Sameer A Sheth
The role of neuroimaging in psychiatric neurosurgery has evolved significantly throughout the field's history. Psychiatric neurosurgery initially developed without the benefit of information provided by modern imaging modalities, and thus lesion targets were selected based on contemporary theories of frontal lobe dysfunction in psychiatric disease. However, by the end of the 20th century, the availability of structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) allowed for the development of mechanistic theories attempting to explain the anatamofunctional basis of these disorders, as well as the efficacy of stereotactic neuromodulatory treatments...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroanatomy
Qing Lan, Ailin Chen, Tan Zhang, Guowei Li, Qing Zhu, Xiaomin Fan, Cheng Ma, Tao Xu
OBJECTIVE: To use three-dimensional (3D) printed craniocerebral models to guide neurosurgery and design the best operative route preoperatively. METHODS: Computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography angiography, and functional magnetic resonance images of the patients were collected as needed, reconstructed to form multicolor 3D craniocerebral images, and printed to form solid 3D models. The hollow aneurysm model was printed with rubberlike material; craniocerebral models were printed with resin or gypsum...
July 2016: World Neurosurgery
Naoaki Tanaka, Steven M Stufflebeam
Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (resting-state fMRI) is a tool for investigating the functional networks that arise during the resting state of the brain. Recent advances of the resting-state fMRI analysis suggest its feasibility for evaluating language function. The most common clinical application is for presurgical mapping of cortex for a brain tumor or for resective epilespy surgery. In this article, we review the techniques and presurgical applications of resting-state fMRI analysis for language evaluation, and discuss the use in the clinical setting, focusing on planning for neurosurgery...
February 2016: Topics in Magnetic Resonance Imaging: TMRI
Tomer Gazit, Fani Andelman, Yifat Glikmann-Johnston, Tal Gonen, Aliya Solski, Irit Shapira-Lichter, Moran Ovadia, Svetlana Kipervasser, Miriam Y Neufeld, Itzhak Fried, Talma Hendler, Daniella Perry
OBJECTIVE Providing a reliable assessment of language lateralization is an important task to be performed prior to neurosurgery in patients with epilepsy. Over the last decade, functional MRI (fMRI) has emerged as a useful noninvasive tool for language lateralization, supplementing or replacing traditional invasive methods. In standard practice, fMRI-based language lateralization is assessed qualitatively by visual inspection of fMRI maps at a specific chosen activation threshold. The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate a new computational technique for providing the probability of each patient to be left, right, or bilateral dominant in language processing...
August 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
Giancarlo D'Andrea, Pietro Familiari, Antonio Di Lauro, Albina Angelini, Giovanni Sessa
OBJECTIVE: Language dysfunction, visual deficit, numeracy impairment, and Gerstmann syndrome often occur in the cortical area; furthermore, the subcortical white matter is the inviolable limit of "functional neurosurgery." Preoperative functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and tractography are capable of providing the data required for safe "surgical planning" at both the cortical and subcortical levels. METHODS: We report our experience regarding high-grade gliomas affecting the dominant angular gyrus (AG), supramarginal gyrus (SMG), intraparietal sulcus (IPS), and their respective subcortical areas using intraoperative MRI and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI)...
March 2016: World Neurosurgery
Julio Plata Bello, Cristián Modroño, Francisco Marcano, José Luis González-Mora
BACKGROUND: Brain mapping is considered an important approach in neurosurgery to achieve better functional outcomes. The mirror neuron system (MNS) is a brain network implicated in understanding of action and imitation. No previous study has focused on identifying and monitoring the function of the MNS during the perioperative period in brain lesions. The aim of this study was to describe the application of a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) protocol to identify the MNS in a patient with a lesion in the premotor region...
December 2015: World Neurosurgery
John K Lyo, Julio Arevalo-Perez, Nicole Petrovich Brennan, Kyung K Peck, Andrei I Holodny
INTRODUCTION: Neurosurgery of the supplementary motor area (SMA) is associated with transient speech defects. We investigated whether SMA laterality correlates with postoperative speech defects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors reviewed 17 patients with SMA-area lesion resection and preoperative language fMRI. SMA laterality was calculated by comparison of voxel activation in paired SMAs by hand-drawn regions of interest (ROIs) (drawn by a neuroradiologist), and compared with qualitative assessment by two neuroradiologists...
June 2015: Neuroradiology Journal
Piera Vitali, Carol Di Perri, Anna Elisabetta Vaudano, Stefano Meletti, Flavio Villani
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), which has high spatial resolution, is increasingly used to evaluate cerebral functions in neurological and psychiatric diseases. The main limitation of fMRI is that it detects neural activity indirectly, through the associated slow hemodynamic variations. Because neurovascular coupling can be regionally altered by pathological conditions or drugs, fMRI responses may not truly reflect neural activity. Electroencephalography (EEG) recordings, which directly detect neural activity with optimal temporal resolution, can now be obtained during fMRI data acquisition...
January 2015: Functional Neurology
Katarzyna Kośla, Bartosz Bryszewski, Dariusz Jaskólski, Nina Błasiak-Kołacińska, Ludomir Stefańczyk, Agata Majos
BACKGROUND: Functional magnetic resonance (fMRI) studies results in case of an adult patient with low grade glioma (LGG) in dominant hemisphere suggest brain plasticity process with acquisition of language functions by the non-dominant hemisphere speech regions. CASE REPORT: A 36-years old right-handed woman was admitted to the Department of Neurosurgery for surgical treatment of brain tumor. An MRI examination revealed a pathological mass in the left frontal lobe, in close topographical relationship to the Broca's area...
2015: Polish Journal of Radiology
Joerg Magerkurth, Laura Mancini, William Penny, Guillaume Flandin, John Ashburner, Caroline Micallef, Enrico De Vita, Pankaj Daga, Mark J White, Craig Buckley, Adam K Yamamoto, Sebastien Ourselin, Tarek Yousry, John S Thornton, Nikolaus Weiskopf
Functional MRI (fMRI) used for neurosurgical planning delineates functionally eloquent brain areas by time-series analysis of task-induced BOLD signal changes. Commonly used frequentist statistics protect against false positive results based on a p-value threshold. In surgical planning, false negative results are equally if not more harmful, potentially masking true brain activity leading to erroneous resection of eloquent regions. Bayesian statistics provides an alternative framework, categorizing areas as activated, deactivated, non-activated or with low statistical confidence...
2015: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Marla J S Mickleborough, Michael E Kelly, Layla Gould, Chelsea Ekstrand, Eric Lorentz, Tasha Ellchuk, Paul Babyn, Ron Borowsky
BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE: Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is a noninvasive and reliable tool for mapping eloquent cortex in patients prior to brain surgery. Ensuring intact perceptual and cognitive processing is a key goal for neurosurgeons, and recent research has indicated the value of including attentional network processing in pre-surgical fMRI in order to help preserve such abilities, including reading, after surgery. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: We report a 42-year-old patient with a large cavernous malformation, near the left basal ganglia...
2015: Cerebrovascular Diseases
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