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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498956/when-a-child-unexpectedly-draws-a-violent-scene
#1
Andy Barnes, Richard Ziegler, Neena McConnico, Martin T Stein
Carter is a 12-year-old boy who has been seeing a developmental-behavioral pediatrician since the age of 7 years for problems with behavioral regulation. Around that time, he began to receive special education services after an educational assessment of autism. He has average intellectual abilities, with below-average semantic-pragmatic speech (e.g., conversations are one-sided). His medical diagnoses included attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), combined presentation, and generalized anxiety disorder...
April 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458085/the-effect-of-surface-charge-and-ph-on-the-physiological-behaviour-of-cobalt-copper-manganese-antimony-zinc-and-titanium-oxide-nanoparticles-in-vitro
#2
Tiina Titma
The precise knowledge on various interactions of metal nanoparticles (NP) in a living organism is scarce. It is expected that metals can bind to nucleic acids, peptides and proteins (e.g. enzymes), and modify the functioning of vital cellular compartments after entering the organism. The predictive factors for quantitative nanostructure-activity relationship (QNAR) analysis could enhance efficient and harmless usage of nanoparticles (NPs) in the industry as well in the medicine. The studies value the composition of the NP corona determined by time, temperature and source of protein which has been found to implicate the physiological behaviour of NPs...
February 16, 2018: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432328/impact-of-tourette-syndrome-on-school-measures-in-a-nationally-representative-sample
#3
Angelika H Claussen, Rebecca H Bitsko, Joseph R Holbrook, Jeanette Bloomfield, Kathy Giordano
OBJECTIVE: Children with Tourette syndrome (TS) are at risk for a variety of co-occurring conditions and learning and school problems. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of TS and co-occurring conditions on school measures. METHODS: Parent-reported data from the 2007-2008 and 2011-2012 National Survey of Children's Health were combined (n = 129,353 children aged 6-17 yrs). Parent report of health care provider diagnosis of TS; co-occurring mental, emotional, and behavioral conditions; learning and language conditions; and school measures were assessed...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417436/paraprofessional-delivered-video-prompting-to-teach-academics-to-students-with-severe-disabilities-in-inclusive-settings
#4
Victoria F Knight, Emily M Kuntz, Melissa Brown
Video prompting is effective for teaching a variety of skills (e.g., daily living, communication) to students with autism and intellectual disability; yet, little research exists on the efficacy of these strategies on academic skills, in inclusive settings, and with typical intervention agents. Authors collaborated with paraprofessionals to select socially important academic skills (i.e., literacy, social studies, science, and math) aligned with students' IEPs and content taught in their inclusive classes. Results from the multiple probe across participants and skills design indicated a functional relation between the paraprofessional-delivered video prompting and correct responding to academic tasks for all three elementary students with autism and intellectual disability...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359415/interprofessional-education-evaluation-of-a-radiation-therapy-and-medical-physics-student-simulation-workshop
#5
Yobelli A Jimenez, David I Thwaites, Prabhjot Juneja, Sarah J Lewis
INTRODUCTION: Interprofessional education (IPE) involves two or more professions engaged in learning with, from and about each other. An initiative was undertaken to explore IPE for radiation therapy (RT) and medical physics (MP) students through a newly developed workshop based around simulated learning. The aims of this study were to explore RT and MP students' perceptions of working as part of a collaborative team and of their own and the other group's professional roles. Student perceptions of the simulation education tool, the virtual environment for radiotherapy training (VERT) system, were also investigated...
January 23, 2018: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318487/dpf-soot-as-an-adsorbent-for-cu-ii-cd-ii-and-cr-vi-compared-with-commercial-activated-carbon
#6
Kun Yang, John Fox
The use of carbon soot recovered from diesel particulate filters (DPF) has been investigated as a potential adsorbent for heavy metals including cadmium, chromium, and copper from wastewater. Results were compared with the adsorption performance of powder activated carbon (PAC). The uptake capacity of heavy metals for soot was found to be higher than PAC. And the thermodynamic study result for both soot and PAC indicated the adsorption procedures are exothermic. The adsorption studies were carried out for both single and binary systems...
March 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287789/the-surface-chemistry-of-sapphire-c-a-literature-review-and-a-study-on-various-factors-influencing-its-iep
#7
REVIEW
J Lützenkirchen, G V Franks, M Plaschke, R Zimmermann, F Heberling, A Abdelmonem, G K Darbha, D Schild, A Filby, P Eng, J G Catalano, J Rosenqvist, T Preocanin, T Aytug, D Zhang, Y Gan, B Braunschweig
A wide range of isoelectric points (IEPs) has been reported in the literature for sapphire-c (α-alumina), also referred to as basal plane, (001) or (0001), single crystals. Interestingly, the available data suggest that the variation of IEPs is comparable to the range of IEPs encountered for particles, although single crystals should be much better defined in terms of surface structure. One explanation for the range of IEPs might be the obvious danger of contaminating the small surface areas of single crystal samples while exposing them to comparatively large solution reservoirs...
January 2018: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204846/the-costly-consequences-of-not-being-socially-and-behaviorally-ready-to-learn-by-kindergarten-in-baltimore-city
#8
Amie F Bettencourt, Deborah Gross, Grace Ho, Nancy Perrin
Social, emotional, and behavioral skills are foundational to learning and long-term success. However, poverty and exposure to adverse childhood experiences reduce the chances of children entering kindergarten socially-behaviorally ready to learn. This study examined the unique impact of 5-year-old children (N = 11,412) entering kindergarten not socially-behaviorally ready on three costly school outcomes by fourth grade in Baltimore City Public Schools: being retained in grade, receiving services and supports through an IEP or 504 plan, and being suspended/expelled...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154474/intracrine-prostaglandin-e-2-pro-tumoral-actions-in-prostate-epithelial-cells-originate-from-non-canonical-pathways
#9
Antonio Madrigal-Martínez, Ana B Fernández-Martínez, Francisco J Lucio Cazaña
Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2 ) increases cell proliferation and stimulates migratory and angiogenic abilities in prostate cancer cells. However, the effects of PGE2 on non-transformed prostate epithelial cells are unknown, despite the fact that PGE2 overproduction has been found in benign hyperplastic prostates. In the present work we studied the effects of PGE2 in immortalized, non-malignant prostate epithelial RWPE-1 cells and found that PGE2 increased cell proliferation, cell migration, and production of vascular endothelial growth factor-A, and activated in vitro angiogenesis...
April 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153243/the-ph-dependent-surface-charging-and-points-of-zero-charge-vii-update
#10
REVIEW
Marek Kosmulski
The pristine points of zero charge (PZC) and isoelectric points (IEP) of metal oxides and IEP of other materials from the recent literature, and a few older results (overlooked in previous searches) are summarized. This study is an update of the previous compilations by the same author [Surface Charging and Points of Zero Charge, CRC, Boca Raton, 2009; J. Colloid Interface Sci. 337 (2009) 439; 353 (2011) 1; 426 (2014) 209]. The field has been very active, but most PZC and IEP are reported for materials, which are very well-documented already (silica, alumina, titania, iron oxides)...
November 3, 2017: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132909/a-comprehensive-systematic-review-of-pharmacy-perspectives-on-interprofessional-education-and-collaborative-practice
#11
REVIEW
Alla El-Awaisi, Sundari Joseph, Maguy Saffouh El Hajj, Lesley Diack
INTRODUCTION: Pharmacists are key professionals in the collaborative working process and are integral members of the healthcare team. However, there is paucity of information regarding their perspectives towards interprofessional education (IPE) and collaborative practice. AIMS: The aim of this systematic review is to synthesize, summarise and evaluate the quality of the quantitative and qualitative literature related to the perspectives of pharmacy students, pharmacy faculty and practising pharmacists toward IPE and collaborative practice...
November 2, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122781/simulation-based-inter-professional-education-to-improve-attitudes-towards-collaborative-practice-a-prospective-comparative-pilot-study-in-a-chinese-medical-centre
#12
Ling-Yu Yang, Ying-Ying Yang, Chia-Chang Huang, Jen-Feng Liang, Fa-Yauh Lee, Hao-Min Cheng, Chin-Chou Huang, Shou-Yen Kao
OBJECTIVES: Inter-professional education (IPE) builds inter-professional collaboration (IPC) attitude/skills of health professionals. This interventional IPE programme evaluates whether benchmarking sharing can successfully cultivate seed instructors responsible for improving their team members' IPC attitudes. DESIGN: Prospective, pre-post comparative cross-sectional pilot study. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Thirty four physicians, 30 nurses and 24 pharmacists, who volunteered to be trained as seed instructors participated in 3...
November 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111835/improving-outcomes-in-adults-with-diabetes-through-an-interprofessional-collaborative-practice-program
#13
Jean Nagelkerk, Margaret E Thompson, Michael Bouthillier, Amy Tompkins, Lawrence J Baer, Jeff Trytko, Andrew Booth, Adam Stevens, Kayleah Groeneveld
In 2014, the Midwest Interprofessional Practice, Education and Research Center partnered with a Federally Qualified Health Center (FQHC) to implement an interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP) education program to improve the health of adult patients with diabetes and to improve practice efficiency. This partnership included integrating an interprofessional team of students with the practice team. Twenty-five students and 20 staff engaged in the IPCP program, which included completion of educational modules on IPCP and implementation of daily huddles, focus patient visits, phone calls, team-based case presentations, medication reconciliation, and student-led group diabetes education classes...
January 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101088/effect-of-methylene-blue-induced-photodynamic-therapy-on-a-streptococcus-mutans-biofilm-model
#14
Mariana Alencar Nemezio, Sofia Sampaio de Souza Farias, Maria Cristina Borsatto, Carolina Patrícia Aires, Silmara Aparecida Milori Corona
BACKGROUND: Several studies have reported the use of antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) to control biofilm but its efficacy depends on several factors, such as biofilm model used. This study aims to examine whether exposure to diode laser combined with methylene blue affects the bacterial viability and polysaccharide content in a Streptococcus mutans cariogenic biofilm model, which simulated 'feast-famine' episodes of exposure to sucrose that occur in the oral cavity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: S...
December 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063668/anomalous-ph-dependent-nanofluidic-salinity-gradient-power
#15
Li-Hsien Yeh, Fu Chen, Yu-Ting Chiou, Yen-Shao Su
Previous studies on nanofluidic salinity gradient power (NSGP), where energy associated with the salinity gradient can be harvested with ion-selective nanopores, all suggest that nanofluidic devices having higher surface charge density should have higher performance, including osmotic power and conversion efficiency. In this manuscript, this viewpoint is challenged and anomalous counterintuitive pH-dependent NSGP behaviors are reported. For example, with equal pH deviation from its isoelectric point (IEP), the nanopore at pH < IEP is shown to have smaller surface charge density but remarkably higher NSGP performance than that at pH > IEP...
December 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058508/translation-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-swedish-version-of-the-interdisciplinary-education-perception-scale
#16
Brett Williams, Marty Lynch, Alex Olaussen, Hanna Lachmann, Susanne Kalén, Sari Ponzer
Interprofessional education (IPE) is widely accepted worldwide, as a key part of training for health professionals and critical to an effective, patient-centred healthcare system. Several tools have been developed to evaluate IPE programmes and interventions globally. Many of the widely-used tools have been successfully adapted to suit specific cohorts and different languages; the Interdisciplinary Education Perception Scale (IEPS), however, has not yet been translated and validated for use in Sweden. The aim of this study was to translate the IEPS into Swedish and validate the psychometric properties of this new version...
January 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053277/utilizing-inverse-emulsion-polymerization-to-generate-responsive-nanogels-for-cytosolic-protein-delivery
#17
Kishore Raghupathi, Scott J Eron, Francesca Anson, Jeanne A Hardy, S Thayumanavan
Therapeutic biologics have various advantages over synthetic drugs in terms of selectivity, their catalytic nature, and, thus, therapeutic efficacy. These properties offer the potential for more effective treatments that may also overcome the undesirable side effects observed due to off-target toxicities of small molecule drugs. Unfortunately, systemic administration of biologics is challenging due to cellular penetration, renal clearance, and enzymatic degradation difficulties. A delivery vehicle that can overcome these challenges and deliver biologics to specific cellular populations has the potential for significant therapeutic impact...
December 4, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988384/language-barriers-impact-access-to-services-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#18
Helaine G St Amant, Sheree M Schrager, Carolina Peña-Ricardo, Marian E Williams, Douglas L Vanderbilt
Racial and ethnic disparities in accessing health care have been described in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). In a retrospective chart review of 152 children with ASD, children of parents whose primary language was English were significantly more likely to have both social skills and communication goals within their individualized education plan (IEP) compared to children of parents whose primary language was not English. Additionally, children of primary English speakers received significantly more hours of direct services from their state disability program...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970605/students-perspectives-on-interprofessional-teamwork-before-and-after-an-interprofessional-pain-education-course
#19
Lynn Coletta Simko, Diane C Rhodes, Kathleen A McGinnis, Jaclyn Fiedor
Objective. To evaluate changes in pharmacy and nursing student perspectives before and after completion of an interprofessional education (IPE) course. Methods. A pre- and post-perception scale descriptive prospective study design utilizing Interdisciplinary Education Perception Scale (IEPS) and Collaboration and Satisfaction about Care Decisions (CSACD) with self-reported statements of knowledge and importance of professional roles was used. Results. Significant improvement was shown for IEPS and CSACD overall and for both pharmacy and nursing students...
August 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968206/abstraction-of-phenol-onto-pseudomonas-putida-and-cetyl-trimethyl-ammonium-bromide
#20
N Saravani, M Arulmozhi, A Anbuthangam, M Manimozhi
Foam separation, an efficient downstream processing unit operation, was tested as a post-treatment technique for phenol removal after biosorption. The biosorptive foam separation process was carried out in two stages, namely biosorption and foam separation. A minimum run resolution V central composite design with four variables (initial concentration, pH, biosorbent dosage, and time) for biosorption and three variables (liquid pool height, surfactant concentration, and air flow rate) for biosorptive foam separation was applied to optimize the process...
July 31, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
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