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Nicholas W Gelbar, Mary Beth Bruder, Emily DeBiase, John D Molteni
The heterogeneity of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) makes it difficult for school-based professionals to develop effective Individual Education Plans (IEP) for this group. Limited research exists on the quality of IEP programs for individuals with ASD. This article summarizes the results of a retrospective chart review from an outpatient diagnostic center. Researchers collected data from IEPs and subsequent psychological evaluations of 75 individuals diagnosed with ASD. The implications of these results for future research and practice are discussed...
June 16, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Thaís D Oliveira, Danielle de S Costa, Maicon R Albuquerque, Leandro F Malloy-Diniz, Débora M Miranda, Jonas J de Paula
OBJECTIVE: The Parenting Styles and Dimensions Questionnaire (PSDQ) is used worldwide to assess three styles (authoritative, authoritarian, and permissive) and seven dimensions of parenting. In this study, we adapted the short version of the PSDQ for use in Brazil and investigated its validity and reliability. METHODS: Participants were 451 mothers of children aged 3 to 18 years, though sample size varied with analyses. The translation and adaptation of the PSDQ followed a rigorous methodological approach...
June 11, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
Kendra Liljenquist, Margaret E O'Neil, Kristie F Bjornson
Background: Many young adults with cerebral palsy (CP) face limited participation in activities, including employment and independent living. Physical therapy during the transition period can help to support participation through promotion of self-care, ambulation, and functional mobility. Thus, ensuring appropriate access to physical therapy services for young people who can benefit from them before, during, and after transition is imperative. Objective: The objective of this study was to identify factors contributing to the utilization of physical therapy services for youth with CP both during and after secondary school...
June 8, 2018: Physical Therapy
Sara Ferraris, Martina Cazzola, Veronica Peretti, Barbara Stella, Silvia Spriano
Surface properties of biomaterials (e.g., roughness, chemical composition, charge, wettability, and hydroxylation degree) are key features to understand and control the complex interface phenomena that happens upon contact with physiological fluids. Numerous physico-chemical techniques can be used in order to investigate in depth these crucial material features. Among them, zeta potential measurements are widely used for the characterization of colloidal suspensions, but actually poorly explored in the study of solid surfaces, even if they can give significant information about surface charge in function of pH and indirectly about surface functional groups and reactivity...
2018: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
Lisa A Ruble, John H McGrew, Michael Toland, Nancy Dalrymple, Medina Adams, Claire Snell-Rood
The postsecondary outcomes of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are significantly worse than peers with other disabilities. One problem is the lack of empirically-supported transition planning interventions to guide services and help produce better outcomes. We applied an implementation science approach to adapt and modify an evidence-based consultation intervention originally tested with young children called the Collaborative Model for Promoting Competence and Success (COMPASS; Ruble et al., The collaborative model for promoting competence and success for students with ASD...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Mariana Leonel Martins, Karla Lorene de França Leite, Edivaldo Ferreira Pacheco-Filho, Adriana Farah de Miranda Pereira, Maria Teresa Villela Romanos, Lucianne Cople Maia, Andréa Fonseca-Gonçalves, Wilton Wilney Nascimento Padilha, Yuri Wanderley Cavalcanti
OBJECTIVE: The efficacy of a red propolis hydro-alcoholic extract (RP) in controlling Streptococcus mutans biofilm colonization was evaluated. The effect of RP on dental demineralization was also investigated. METHODS: Chemical composition was determined by High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC). Minimum Inhibitory and Bactericidal Concentration (MIC and MBC, respectively) were investigated against Streptococcus mutans (ATCC 25175). The cytotoxic potential of 3% RP in oral fibroblasts was observed after 1 and 3 min...
May 23, 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
Jiabo Shi, Chunhua Wang, To Ngai, Wei Lin
Understanding the accessibility and interactions of clay nanoparticles with collagen fibers is an important fundamental issue for the conversion of collagen to leather matrix. In this work, we have investigated the diffusion and binding of Laponite into the collagen fiber network. Our results indicate that the diffusion behaviors of Laponite into the collagen exhibit the Langmuir adsorption verifying its affinity for collagen. The introduction of Laponite leads to a shift in the isoelectric point (IEP) of collagen from ~6...
May 28, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Celine Tang, D Giaume, Liliane Guerlou-Demourgues, Grégory Lefèvre, Philippe Barboux
To design novel layered materials, bottom-up strategy is very promising. It consists in (1) synthesizing various layered oxides, (2) exfoliating them, then (3) restacking them in a controlled way. The latter step is based on electrostatic interactions between different layered oxides and is difficult to control. The aim of this study is to facilitate this step by predicting the isoelectric point (IEP) of exfoliated materials. Multisite Complexation model (MUSIC) was used in this objective and was shown to be able to predict IEP from the mean oxidation state of the metal in the (hydr)oxides, as the main parameter...
May 17, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Seung Min Lee, Kyung Jin Nam, Ki Seok Choo, Jin You Kim, Dong Wook Jeong, Hyun Yul Kim, Jee Yeon Kim
Background Non-mass enhancements (NME) with invasive components account for 10-42% of total malignant NMEs. The factors associated with invasiveness on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) could be useful for clinical assessment and treatment. Purpose To evaluate the clinical significances of the distributions and internal enhancement patterns (IEP) of malignant NMEs on 3-T breast MRI. Material and Methods A total of 448 consecutive women with newly diagnosed breast cancer that had undergone preoperative MRI and surgery between February 2013 and March 2016 were identified...
January 1, 2018: Acta Radiologica
Michelle M Kelly
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Preterm birth is a significant public health issue, with children born prematurely experiencing educational and health difficulties throughout childhood. The aim of the descriptive secondary data analysis was to compare health implications and educational experiences in children born prematurely compared with children born at term. METHODS: The 2011/2012 National Survey of Children's Health data set was explored using separate chi-square tests of homogeneity to investigate differences in the occurrence of chronic health conditions and educationally relevant outcomes: individualized family services plan/individualized education plan (IFSP/IEP), and grade repetition between children born prematurely compared with those born at term...
March 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
Angel Y Sanchez, Caroline L de Oliveira, Thais C Negrini, Lina N Hashizume, Anderson T Hara, Marisa Maltz, Rodrigo A Arthur
There is limited evidence that arginine-containing fluoridated dentifrices (AFD) have a better anticaries effect than regular fluoridated dentifrices (FD), especially in subjects at a higher risk for caries development. This study aimed to assess the effect of AFD on enamel demineralization and on the microbial and biochemical compositions of biofilm formed under different frequencies of sucrose exposure. It consisted of an in situ split-mouth design, where 12 adult volunteers who used FD for at least 2 months prior to the beginning of this study wore acrylic palatal appliances containing 4 bovine enamel specimens (1 pair at each side of the appliance) during 2 phases of 14 days each...
May 4, 2018: Caries Research
C L Owens, G R Nash, K Hadler, R S Fitzpatrick, C G Anderson, F Wall
Rare earth elements (REE) are critical to a wide range of technologies ranging from mobile phones to wind turbines. Processing and extraction of REE minerals from ore bodies is, however, both challenging and relatively poorly understood, as the majority of deposits contain only limited enrichment of REEs. An improved understanding of the surface properties of the minerals is important in informing and optimising their processing, in particular for separation by froth flotation. The measurement of zeta potential can be used to extract information regarding the electrical double layer, and hence surface properties of these minerals...
April 20, 2018: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
Matthew Evan Sprong, Bryan Dallas, Erina Paul, Michelle Xia
PURPOSE: The primary goal of the study was to evaluate how the use of rehabilitation technology impacted closure status for consumers receiving services in fiscal year (FY) 2014. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rehabilitation Service Administration (RSA-911) Case Service Report FY 2014 archival dataset was obtained from the U.S. Department of Education (2014) and secondary analyses was performed for this study. RSA-911 archival data is updated on an annual basis and consists of all state-federal rehabilitation consumers who were served in the specific fiscal year...
May 3, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Fabian Risse, Erk T Gedig, Jochen S Gutmann
The carbodiimide-mediated amine coupling of protein ligands to sensor chips coated with anionic polycarboxylate hydrogels, such as carboxymethyl dextran, is the predominant covalent immobilization procedure utilized in optical biosensors, namely surface plasmon resonance (SPR) biosensors. Usually, electrostatic interactions at a slightly acidic pH and low ionic strength are employed to efficiently accumulate neutral and basic ligands on the chip surface, which are then covalently coupled by surface-bound active N-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS) esters...
April 30, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Toshihiro Kaneko, Jaeil Bai, Takuma Akimoto, Joseph S Francisco, Kenji Yasuoka, Xiao Cheng Zeng
Akin to bulk water, water confined to an isolated nanoslit can show a wealth of new 2D phases of ice and amorphous ice, as well as unusual phase behavior. Indeed, 2D water phases, such as bilayer hexagonal ice and monolayer square ice, have been detected in the laboratory, confirming earlier computational predictions. Herein, we report theoretical evidence of a hitherto unreported state, namely, bilayer very low density amorphous ice (BL-VLDA), as well as evidence of a strong first-order transition between BL-VLDA and the BL amorphous ice (BL-A), and a weak first-order transition between BL-VLDA and the BL very low density liquid (BL-VLDL) water...
May 8, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Andy Barnes, Richard Ziegler, Neena McConnico, Martin T Stein
Carter is a 12-year-old boy who has been seeing a developmental-behavioral pediatrician since the age of 7 years for problems with behavioral regulation. Around that time, he began to receive special education services after an educational assessment of autism. He has average intellectual abilities, with below-average semantic-pragmatic speech (e.g., conversations are one-sided). His medical diagnoses included attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), combined presentation, and generalized anxiety disorder...
April 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Tiina Titma
The precise knowledge on various interactions of metal nanoparticles (NP) in a living organism is scarce. It is expected that metals can bind to nucleic acids, peptides and proteins (e.g. enzymes), and modify the functioning of vital cellular compartments after entering the organism. The predictive factors for quantitative nanostructure-activity relationship (QNAR) analysis could enhance efficient and harmless usage of nanoparticles (NPs) in the industry as well in the medicine. The studies value the composition of the NP corona determined by time, temperature and source of protein which has been found to implicate the physiological behaviour of NPs...
February 16, 2018: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
Angelika H Claussen, Rebecca H Bitsko, Joseph R Holbrook, Jeanette Bloomfield, Kathy Giordano
OBJECTIVE: Children with Tourette syndrome (TS) are at risk for a variety of co-occurring conditions and learning and school problems. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of TS and co-occurring conditions on school measures. METHODS: Parent-reported data from the 2007-2008 and 2011-2012 National Survey of Children's Health were combined (n = 129,353 children aged 6-17 yrs). Parent report of health care provider diagnosis of TS; co-occurring mental, emotional, and behavioral conditions; learning and language conditions; and school measures were assessed...
May 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Victoria F Knight, Emily M Kuntz, Melissa Brown
Video prompting is effective for teaching a variety of skills (e.g., daily living, communication) to students with autism and intellectual disability; yet, little research exists on the efficacy of these strategies on academic skills, in inclusive settings, and with typical intervention agents. Authors collaborated with paraprofessionals to select socially important academic skills (i.e., literacy, social studies, science, and math) aligned with students' IEPs and content taught in their inclusive classes. Results from the multiple probe across participants and skills design indicated a functional relation between the paraprofessional-delivered video prompting and correct responding to academic tasks for all three elementary students with autism and intellectual disability...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Yobelli A Jimenez, David I Thwaites, Prabhjot Juneja, Sarah J Lewis
INTRODUCTION: Interprofessional education (IPE) involves two or more professions engaged in learning with, from and about each other. An initiative was undertaken to explore IPE for radiation therapy (RT) and medical physics (MP) students through a newly developed workshop based around simulated learning. The aims of this study were to explore RT and MP students' perceptions of working as part of a collaborative team and of their own and the other group's professional roles. Student perceptions of the simulation education tool, the virtual environment for radiotherapy training (VERT) system, were also investigated...
January 23, 2018: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
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