Read by QxMD icon Read


Maria D Molina-Sánchez, Fernando M García-Rodríguez, Nicolás Toro
The functional unit of mobile group II introns is a ribonucleoprotein particle (RNP) consisting of the intron-encoded protein (IEP) and the excised intron RNA. The IEP has reverse transcriptase activity but also promotes RNA splicing, and the RNA-protein complex triggers site-specific DNA insertion by reverse splicing, in a process called retrohoming. In vitro reconstituted ribonucleoprotein complexes from the Lactococcus lactis group II intron Ll.LtrB, which produce a double strand break, have recently been studied as a means of developing group II intron-based gene targeting methods for higher organisms...
2016: Frontiers in Molecular Biosciences
Rajendra Kumar Agrawal, Hong-Wei Wang, Marlene Belfort
Group II introns are large catalytic RNAs that form a ribonucleoprotein (RNP) complex by binding to an intron-encoded protein (IEP). The IEP, which facilitates both RNA splicing and intron mobility, has multiple activities including reverse transcriptase. Recent structures of a group II intron RNP complex and of IEPs from diverse bacteria fuel arguments that group II introns are ancestrally related to eukaryotic spliceosomes as well as to telomerase and viruses. Furthermore, recent structural studies of various functional states of the spliceosome allow us to draw parallels between the group II intron RNP and the spliceosome...
October 11, 2016: RNA Biology
F Persat, C Hennequin, J P Gangneux
Until now, there has been no consensus on the best method for the detection of anti-Aspergillus antibodies, a key diagnostic tool for chronic aspergilloses. To better appreciate the usage of and confidence in these techniques, the Société Française de Mycologie Médicale (French Society for Medical Mycology; SFMM) performed a two-step survey of French experts. First, we administered an initial survey to French labs performing Aspergillus serology to depict usage of the different techniques available for Aspergillus serology...
October 4, 2016: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
Yang-Hee Kim, Yasuhiko Tabata
The objective of the present study is to evaluate the effects of the release patterns of stromal derived factor (SDF)-1 and sphingosine-1 phosphate agonist (SEW2871), used as MSC and macrophage recruitment agents, on the wound closure of diabetic mouse skin defects. To achieve different release patterns, hydrogels were prepared using two types of gelatin with isoelectric points (IEP) of 5 and 9, into which SDF-1 and SEW2871 were then incorporated in various combinations. When the hydrogels incorporating SDF-1 and SEW2871 were applied into wound defects of diabetic mice, the number of MSCs and macrophages recruited to the defects and the levels of pro- and anti- inflammatory cytokines were found to be dependent on the release profiles of SDF-1 and SEW2871...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Lijing Hao, Xiaoling Fu, Tianjie Li, Naru Zhao, Xuetao Shi, Fuzhai Cui, Chang Du, Yingjun Wang
Self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of alkanethiols on gold are highly controllable model substrates and have been employed to mimic the extracellular matrix for cell-related studies. This study aims to systematically explore how surface chemistry influences the adhesion, morphology, proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of mouse mesenchymal stem cells (mMSCs) using various functional groups (-OEG, -CH3, -PO3H2, -OH, -NH2 and -COOH). Surface analysis demonstrated that these functional groups produced a wide range of wettability and charge: -OEG (hydrophilic and moderate iso-electric point (IEP)), -CH3 (strongly hydrophobic and low IEP), -PO3H2 (moderate wettability and low IEP), -OH (hydrophilic and moderate IEP), -NH2 (moderate wettability and high IEP) and -COOH (hydrophilic and low IEP)...
September 22, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Tammy D Barry, Raymond A Sturner, Karen Seymour, Barbara H Howard, Lucy McGoron, Paul Bergmann, Ronald Kent, Casey Sullivan, Theodore S Tomeny, Jessica S Pierce, Kristen L Coin, James K Goodlad, Nichole Werle
This report describes a school-based screening project to improve early identification of children at risk for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and communicate these concerns to parents, recommending that they contact their child's primary care provider (PCP). Of 17,440 eligible children in first through fifth grades in five school districts, 47.0% of parents provided required written consent, and teachers completed 70.4% of the online screeners (using the Vanderbilt AD/HD Diagnostic Teacher Rating Scale)...
2016: Children's Health Care: Journal of the Association for the Care of Children's Health
J-C Chou, A Nelson, D Katwal, E N Elathamna, M T Durski
Changes in occlusal vertical dimension (OVD) and age have been found to affect Smile Index (SI, width/height of smile). Limited information is available regarding the aesthetic effects of these changes. The objective of this study was to evaluate the attractiveness of digitally manipulated smile images with differences in SI and incisal edge position (IEP) judged by respondents in different age groups. A total of 12 smile images were generated with varying SI (3·5, 5·3, 7·2, 9·0) and IEP (High, Medium, Low)...
November 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Rafael Nisa-Martínez, María Dolores Molina-Sánchez, Nicolás Toro
Bacterial group II introns are self-splicing catalytic RNAs and mobile retroelements that have an open reading frame encoding an intron-encoded protein (IEP) with reverse transcriptase (RT) and RNA splicing or maturase activity. Some IEPs carry a DNA endonuclease (En) domain, which is required to cleave the bottom strand downstream from the intron-insertion site for target DNA-primed reverse transcription (TPRT) of the inserted intron RNA. Host factors complete the insertion of the intron. By contrast, the major retrohoming pathway of introns with IEPs naturally lacking endonuclease activity, like the Sinorhizobium meliloti intron RmInt1, is thought to involve insertion of the intron RNA into the template for lagging strand DNA synthesis ahead of the replication fork, with possible use of the nascent strand to prime reverse transcription of the intron RNA...
2016: PloS One
Marie A Navickis, Kathleen Mathieson
Patients with complex medical conditions require collaboration among multiple health care providers, and dental hygienists must be prepared to communicate effectively with medical providers to provide comprehensive quality patient care. The aim of this study was to assess U.S. dental hygiene students' attitudes about interprofessional collaboration (IPC) and identify any differences based on age, year in program, and program location. Participants were limited to students enrolled in dental hygiene associate degree programs across the United States...
September 2016: Journal of Dental Education
Karen A Landmeier, Monica Lanning, David Carmody, Siri Atma W Greeley, Michael E Msall
OBJECTIVES: Mutations in KCNJ11 are the most common cause of permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus (NDM). Approximately 25% of patients have obvious neurological dysfunction, but whether milder related problems might be more common has been unclear. We sought to assess the prevalence of parental concerns about learning, behavior, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), social competency, and sleep in subjects with KCNJ11-related NDM compared to unaffected sibling controls. STUDY DESIGN: Subjects or their guardians in the University of Chicago Monogenic Diabetes Registry completed a survey examining learning, behavior, ADHD and sleep...
August 24, 2016: Pediatric Diabetes
Melanie Sberna Hinojosa, Ramon Hinojosa, Jennifer Nguyen, Melissa Bright
Background Black, Hispanic, and low income children bear a greater burden of chronic health conditions compared to wealthier white counterparts. Under federal law, schools provide services to children when their health conditions impair learning. These school services, called individualized education programs (IEPs) can reduce disparities in school outcomes. This paper examines the extent to which children with health conditions have an IEP plan, an important first step in understanding service utilization...
July 29, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Hanlin Chen, Yen-Ping Peng, Ku-Fan Chen, Chia-Hsiang Lai, Yung-Chang Lin
This study employed microwave-assisted hydrothermal method to synthesize Ti-MCM-41, which are mesoporous materials with a high surface area and excellent photocatalytic ability. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy (UV-Vis) were employed. The XRD findings showed that Ti-MCM-41 exhibited a peak at 2θ of 2.2°, which was attributed to the hexagonal MCM-41 structure...
June 2016: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Sandra Capellera-Garcia, Julian Pulecio, Kishori Dhulipala, Kavitha Siva, Violeta Rayon-Estrada, Sofie Singbrant, Mikael N E Sommarin, Carl R Walkley, Shamit Soneji, Göran Karlsson, Ángel Raya, Vijay G Sankaran, Johan Flygare
Erythroid cell commitment and differentiation proceed through activation of a lineage-restricted transcriptional network orchestrated by a group of well characterized genes. However, the minimal set of factors necessary for instructing red blood cell (RBC) development remains undefined. We employed a screen for transcription factors allowing direct lineage reprograming from fibroblasts to induced erythroid progenitors/precursors (iEPs). We show that Gata1, Tal1, Lmo2, and c-Myc (GTLM) can rapidly convert murine and human fibroblasts directly to iEPs...
June 14, 2016: Cell Reports
Leon Zlotos, Ailsa Power, Duncan Hill, Paul Chapman
Objective. To evaluate virtual patient (VP) programs for injecting equipment provision (IEP) and opiate substitution therapy (OST) services with respect to confidence and knowledge among preregistration pharmacist trainees. Methods. Preregistration trainee pharmacists pilot-tested the VP programs and were invited to complete pre/post and 6-month assessments of knowledge and perceived confidence. Results. One hundred six trainees participated and completed the pre/postassessments. Forty-six (43.4%) participants repeated the assessments at six months...
April 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Bryan R Foster, Kyle K Jensen, Gene Bakis, Akram M Shaaban, Fergus V Coakley
The 2012 revised Atlanta classification is an update of the original 1992 Atlanta classification, a standardized clinical and radiologic nomenclature for acute pancreatitis and associated complications based on research advances made over the past 2 decades. Acute pancreatitis is now divided into two distinct subtypes, necrotizing pancreatitis and interstitial edematous pancreatitis (IEP), based on the presence or absence of necrosis, respectively. The revised classification system also updates confusing and sometimes inaccurate terminology that was previously used to describe pancreatic and peripancreatic collections...
May 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
S S de Sousa Farias, M A Nemezio, S A M Corona, C P Aires, M C Borsatto
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a low-level laser therapy in combination with toluidine blue on polysaccharides and biofilm of Streptococcus mutans. S. mutans biofilms were formed on acrylic resin blocks. These biofilms were exposed eight times/day to 10 % sucrose, and two times/day, they were subjected to one of the following treatments: G1, 0.9 % NaCl as a negative control; G2, 0.12 % chlorhexidine digluconate (CHX) as a positive antibacterial control; and G3 and G4 antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) combined with toluidine blue using dosages of 320 and 640 J/cm(2), respectively...
July 2016: Lasers in Medical Science
Alsafadi Ahmad, Louis M Wong Kee Song, Imad Absah
Iatrogenic esophageal perforation (IEP) is a potentially serious adverse event of interventional endoscopy. The approach to IEP varies from surgical repair for large perforations to conservative treatment for small contained perforations. We report a case of an 18-month-old girl with congenital esophageal stenosis suffering a large esophageal perforation after a trial of stricture dilatation, which was successfully managed by the placement of fully covered stent. Hence, in selected cases, esophageal stent placement is a feasible alternative to invasive surgery in managing IEP...
April 2016: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
Sheryl Eckberg Zylstra, Beth Pfeiffer
OBJECTIVE: We examined the effectiveness of an occupational therapist-led handwriting intervention for special education and at-risk kindergarteners. METHOD: We incorporated a two-group, pretest-posttest design. Both groups consisted of kindergarteners receiving individualized education program (IEP) or Response to Intervention (RtI) support. An occupational therapist provided biweekly group handwriting instruction using the Size Matters Handwriting Program to students in the intervention group (n = 23)...
May 2016: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
Jiagui Li, Juan Manuel Leyva-Castillo, Pierre Hener, Aurelie Eisenmann, Sarra Zaafouri, Nathalie Jonca, Guy Serre, Marie-Christine Birling, Mei Li
BACKGROUND: Epidermal barrier dysfunction has been recognized as a critical factor in the initiation and exacerbation of skin inflammation, particularly in patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) and AD-like congenital disorders, including peeling skin syndrome type B. However, inflammatory responses developed in barrier-defective skin, as well as the underlying mechanisms, remained incompletely understood. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to decipher inflammatory axes and the cytokine network in mouse skin on breakdown of epidermal stratum corneum barrier...
July 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Karen T Hallam, Karen Livesay, Romana Morda, Jenny Sharples, Andi Jones, Maximilian de Courten
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional education (IPE) requires health students to learn with, from and about each other in order to develop a modern workforce with client-centred care at its core. Despite the client centred focus of IPE, training programs often utilize standard approaches across student cohorts without consideration of discipline, sociodemographic and personality variability that attract students to different health disciplines. Knowing the students who engage in IPE to tailor training may prove as beneficial as knowing the client to delivered individualized client centred care in interprofessional practice (IPP)...
2016: BMC Medical Education
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"