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Head vs eye centered reference

Xiaodong Chen, Gregory C DeAngelis, Dora E Angelaki
The ventral intraparietal area (VIP) processes multisensory visual, vestibular, tactile, and auditory signals in diverse reference frames. We recently reported that visual heading signals in VIP are represented in an approximately eye-centered reference frame when measured using large-field optic flow stimuli. No VIP neuron was found to have head-centered visual heading tuning, and only a small proportion of cells had reference frames that were intermediate between eye- and head-centered. In contrast, previous studies using moving bar stimuli have reported that visual receptive fields (RFs) in VIP are head-centered for a substantial proportion of neurons...
July 15, 2014: Journal of Neurophysiology
Jung Hye Kwon, David Hui, Gary Chisholm, Eduardo Bruera
INTRODUCTION: The factors associated with successful opioid discontinuation after cancer treatment are not well-known. We determined the proportion of patients with advanced head and neck cancer who continued using opioids 3 months after the completion of radiation therapy with or without chemotherapy. METHODS: We included 70 patients with head and neck cancer referred to our institution's supportive care center between January 1, 2008, and December 31, 2010. Patients who no longer used opioids 3 months after the completion of radiation therapy were classified as stoppers; patients who continued using opioids were considered nonstoppers...
June 2013: Oncologist
Klaus Rohrschneider
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether the distance between optic nerve head and fovea in healthy eyes determined by scanning laser ophthalmoscope may facilitate estimation of the location of the fovea relative to the optic disc in patients with macular disease. METHODS: The angular distance was measured, in horizontal and vertical directions, between the center of the optic nerve head and the fovea in 104 eyes of 104 healthy probands. For additional evaluation of intraindividual variation in 70 of these persons the contralateral eye was measured as well...
September 2004: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Kayoko Hitouji, Masahiro Takahashi, Masahiro Iida, Junichi Ohnuki, Hiroyuki Furuya
BACKGROUND: In a previous study, we found that sensation, gaze, and posture during Coriolis stimulation differ considerably between vision and nonvision conditions during rotations at 60 degrees x s(-1). To determine the validity of these findings at higher velocities, we compared standing postures during Coriolis stimulation up to 150 degrees x s(-1) between vision and nonvision conditions. METHODS: The 19 subjects underwent 5-min rotation tests at 50 to 150 degrees x s(-1)...
September 2002: Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine
D Y Henriques, E M Klier, M A Smith, D Lowy, J D Crawford
Establishing a coherent internal reference frame for visuospatial representation and maintaining the integrity of this frame during eye movements are thought to be crucial for both perception and motor control. A stable headcentric representation could be constructed by internally comparing retinal signals with eye position. Alternatively, visual memory traces could be actively remapped within an oculocentric frame to compensate for each eye movement. We tested these models by measuring errors in manual pointing (in complete darkness) toward briefly flashed central targets during three oculomotor paradigms; subjects pointed accurately when gaze was maintained on the target location (control paradigm)...
February 15, 1998: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
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