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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130902/dielectrophoresis-based-multi-step-nanowire-assembly-on-a-flexible-superstrate
#1
Xin Wang, Ke Chen, Linbo Liu, Nan Xiang, Zhonghua Ni
Abstract Nanowire assembly based on dielectrophoresis (DEP) could be a useful and efficient tool for fabricating nanowire-based devices. Although there have been extensive reports on the DEP nanowire assembly, the new approaches that make DEP more facile and affordable are still desirable. Herein, we present an approach using the reusable electrodes to assemble silver nanowires onto a removable, independent polyethylene terephthalate (PET) film. The PET film is placed on the reusable electrodes, and a sinusoidal AC voltage is applied to the electrodes to induce DEP force for nanowire assembly upon the flexible film...
November 13, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096123/in-vitro-validation-of-a-novel-mechanical-model-for-testing-the-anchorage-capacity-of-pedicle-screws-using-physiological-load-application
#2
Christian Liebsch, Julia Zimmermann, Nicolas Graf, Christoph Schilling, Hans-Joachim Wilke, Annette Kienle
Biomechanical in vitro tests analysing screw loosening often include high standard deviations caused by high variabilities in bone mineral density and pedicle geometry, whereas standardized mechanical models made of PU foam often do not integrate anatomical or physiological boundary conditions. The purpose of this study was to develop a most realistic mechanical model for the standardized and reproducible testing of pedicle screws regarding the resistance against screw loosening and the holding force as well as to validate this model by in vitro experiments...
October 25, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081426/bilateral-vestibulopathy-diagnostic-criteria-consensus-document-of-the-classification-committee-of-the-b%C3%A3-r%C3%A3-ny-society
#3
Michael Strupp, Ji-Soo Kim, Toshihisa Murofushi, Dominik Straumann, Joanna C Jen, Sally M Rosengren, Charles C Della Santina, Herman Kingma
This paper describes the diagnostic criteria for bilateral vestibulopathy (BVP) by the Classification Committee of the Bárány Society. The diagnosis of BVP is based on the patient history, bedside examination and laboratory evaluation. Bilateral vestibulopathy is a chronic vestibular syndrome which is characterized by unsteadiness when walking or standing, which worsen in darkness and/or on uneven ground, or during head motion. Additionally, patients may describe head or body movement-induced blurred vision or oscillopsia...
2017: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium & Orientation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070026/a-biomechanical-comparison-of-kirschner-wire-fixation-on-fracture-stability-in-salter-harris-type-i-fractures-of-the-proximal-humeral-physis-in-a-porcine-cadaveric-model
#4
Jiawen Ma, Tian Wang, Vedran Lovric, Kenneth A Johnson, William R Walsh
BACKGROUND: The physis is the weakest component of immature long bones, and physeal fractures constitute about 30% of fractures in growing dogs. Fractures of the proximal humeral physis typically have a Salter Harris type I or II configuration. These fractures require accurate reduction and adequate stabilization to allow for any potential continued longitudinal bone growth, in conjunction with physeal fracture healing. Conventional internal fixation of these fractures involves insertion of two parallel Kirschner wires, although other methods described include tension band wiring, Rush pinning, and lag screws...
October 25, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051726/head-stabilization-in-the-pigeon-role-of-vision-to-correct-for-translational-and-rotational-disturbances
#5
Leslie M Theunissen, Nikolaus F Troje
Stabilization of the head in animals with limited capacity to move their eyes is key to maintain a stable image on the retina. In many birds, including pigeons, a prominent example for the important role of head stabilization is the characteristic head-bobbing behavior observed during walking. Multimodal sensory feedback from the eyes, the vestibular system and proprioceptors in body and neck is required to control head stabilization. Here, we trained unrestrained pigeons (Columba livia) to stand on a perch that was sinusoidally moved with a motion platform along all three translational and three rotational degrees of freedom...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041614/fast-two-snapshot-structured-illumination-for-temporal-focusing-microscopy-with-enhanced-axial-resolution
#6
Yunlong Meng, Wei Lin, Chenglin Li, Shih-Chi Chen
We present a new two-snapshot structured light illumination (SLI) reconstruction algorithm for fast image acquisition. The new algorithm, which only requires two mutually π phase-shifted raw structured images, is implemented on a custom-built temporal focusing fluorescence microscope (TFFM) to enhance its axial resolution via a digital micromirror device (DMD). First, the orientation of the modulated sinusoidal fringe patterns is automatically identified via spatial frequency vector detection. Subsequently, the modulated in-focal-plane images are obtained via rotation and subtraction...
September 18, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984802/vestibular-function-change-in-a-vasopressin-induced-hydrops-model
#7
Minbum Kim, Kyu-Sung Kim
HYPOTHESIS: A vasopressin-induced endoymphatic hydrops model can represent an acute vertiginous attack in Menière's disease (MD). BACKGROUND: Previous animal models are not appropriate to evaluate the efficacy of new treatments for hydrops because they cannot represent an acute attack of MD. Recently, a new dynamic model was introduced for acute hydrops exacerbation using the vasopressin type 2 receptor agonist, desmopressin (1-deamino-8-D-Arginine vasopressin, VP); however, resulting changes in vestibular function have not been investigated...
December 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945777/effects-of-head-tilt-on-visual-field-testing-with-a-head-mounted-perimeter-imo
#8
Sayaka Yamao, Chota Matsumoto, Hiroki Nomoto, Takuya Numata, Mariko Eura, Marika Yamashita, Shigeki Hashimoto, Sachiko Okuyama, Shinji Kimura, Kenzo Yamanaka, Yasutaka Chiba, Makoto Aihara, Yoshikazu Shimomura
PURPOSE: A newly developed head-mounted perimeter termed "imo" enables visual field (VF) testing without a fixed head position. Because the positional relationship between the subject's head and the imo is fixed, the effects of head position changes on the test results are small compared with those obtained using a stationary perimeter. However, only ocular counter-roll (OCR) induced by head tilt might affect VF testing. To quantitatively reveal the effects of head tilt and OCR on the VF test results, we investigated the associations among the head-tilt angle, OCR amplitude and VF testing results...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938703/evaluation-of-thromboelastometry-parameters-as-predictive-markers-for-sinusoidal-obstruction-syndrome-in-patients-undergoing-allogeneic-stem-cell-transplantation-for-acute-leukaemia
#9
Joanna Rupa-Matysek, Lidia Gil, Ewelina Wojtasińska, Zuzanna Kanduła, Adam Nowicki, Magdalena Matuszak, Mieczysław Komarnicki
Hepatic sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (previously named veno-occlusive disease, SOS/VOD) is a serious complication of allogeneic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Early identification of patients at risk of SOS/VOD may possibly improve the outcome and reduce mortality. Rotation thromboelastometry (ROTEM) is global assay allowing for the precise assessment of both bleeding and thrombotic conditions, however, its usefulness in patients undergoing HSCT for acute leukaemia has not been studied. We evaluated the thromboelastometry parameters in patients undergoing allogeneic HSCT for acute leukaemia to identify candidate biomarkers of SOS/VOD occurrence...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932469/ethyl-2-amino-1-4-fluoro-phen-yl-5-oxo-4-5-di-hydro-1h-pyrrole-3-carboxyl-ate-crystal-structure-and-hirshfeld-surface-analysis
#10
U H Patel, Chintan Jotaniya, D A Shah, Bhavesh Socha
In the title mol-ecule, C12H13FN2O3, the central pyrrole ring makes a dihedral angle of 9.2 (3)° with the eth-oxy carbonyl moiety whereas the fluoro-phenyl ring is rotated by 67.6 (2)° from the pyrrole ring. Supra-molecular aggregation is due to off-centric π-π stacking inter-actions involving screw-related pairs of mol-ecules, which are further connected by N-H⋯O and C-H⋯O inter-actions, forming a sinusoidal pattern along the [001] direction on the bc plane. Three-dimensional Hirshfeld surface analysis and two-dimensional fingerprint plots confirm the contributions of these inter-actions...
September 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780597/screw-blade-fixation-systems-in-pauwels-three-femoral-neck-fractures-a-biomechanical-evaluation
#11
Matthias Knobe, Simon Altgassen, Klaus-Jürgen Maier, Gertraud Gradl-Dietsch, Chris Kaczmarek, Sven Nebelung, Kajetan Klos, Bong-Sung Kim, Boyko Gueorguiev, Klemens Horst, Benjamin Buecking
OBJECTIVES: To reduce mechanical complications after osteosynthesis of femoral neck fractures, improved fixation techniques have been developed including blade or screw-anchor devices. This biomechanical study compares different fixation systems used for treatment of unstable femoral neck fractures with evaluation of failure mode, load to failure, stiffness, femoral head rotation, femoral neck shortening and femoral head migration. METHODS: Standardized Pauwels type 3 fractures (AO/OTA 31-B2) with comminution were created in 18 biomechanical sawbones using a custom-made sawguide...
August 6, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755310/core-body-temperature-effects-on-the-mouse-vestibulo-ocular-reflex
#12
Patrick P Hübner, Serajul I Khan, David M Lasker, Americo A Migliaccio
Core body temperature has been shown to affect vestibular end-organ and nerve afferents so that their resting discharge rate and sensitivity increase with temperature. Our aim was to determine whether these changes observed in extracellular nerve recordings of anaesthetized C57BL/6 mice corresponded to changes in the behavioural vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) of alert mice. The VOR drives eye rotations to keep images stable on the retina during head movements. We measured the VOR gain (eye velocity/head velocity) and phase (delay between vestibular stimulus and response) during whole-body sinusoidal rotations ranging 0...
July 28, 2017: Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology: JARO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737283/prevalence-of-hearing-and-vestibular-loss-in-cystic-fibrosis-patients-exposed-to-aminoglycosides
#13
Jaynee A Handelsman, Samya Z Nasr, Crystal Pitts, William M King
AIM: Cystic Fibrosis (CF) patients frequently use aminoglycosides (AGS) to treat CF exacerbation due to colonization with Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Although AGS can cause vestibular and auditory sensory losses that can negatively impact quality of life, little is known about the prevalence of vestibular loss in this population. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of hearing loss and/or vestibular dysfunction in CF patients treated with AGS. METHODS: The relationship between hearing status and vestibular status was also investigated...
September 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733922/effect-of-collagen-fibre-orientation-on-intervertebral-disc-torsion-mechanics
#14
Bo Yang, Grace D O'Connell
The intervertebral disc is a complex fibro-cartilaginous material, consisting of a pressurized nucleus pulposus surrounded by the annulus fibrosus, which has an angle-ply structure. Disc injury and degeneration are noted by significant changes in tissue structure and function, which significantly alters stress distribution and disc joint stiffness. Differences in fibre orientation are thought to contribute to changes in disc torsion mechanics. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of collagen fibre orientation on internal disc mechanics under compression combined with axial rotation...
December 2017: Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731757/phase-locking-the-spin-precession-in-a-storage-ring
#15
N Hempelmann, V Hejny, J Pretz, E Stephenson, W Augustyniak, Z Bagdasarian, M Bai, L Barion, M Berz, S Chekmenev, G Ciullo, S Dymov, F-J Etzkorn, D Eversmann, M Gaisser, R Gebel, K Grigoryev, D Grzonka, G Guidoboni, T Hanraths, D Heberling, J Hetzel, F Hinder, A Kacharava, V Kamerdzhiev, I Keshelashvili, I Koop, A Kulikov, A Lehrach, P Lenisa, N Lomidze, B Lorentz, P Maanen, G Macharashvili, A Magiera, D Mchedlishvili, S Mey, F Müller, A Nass, N N Nikolaev, A Pesce, D Prasuhn, F Rathmann, M Rosenthal, A Saleev, V Schmidt, Y Semertzidis, V Shmakova, A Silenko, J Slim, H Soltner, A Stahl, R Stassen, H Stockhorst, H Ströher, M Tabidze, G Tagliente, R Talman, P Thörngren Engblom, F Trinkel, Yu Uzikov, Yu Valdau, E Valetov, A Vassiliev, C Weidemann, A Wrońska, P Wüstner, P Zuprański, M Żurek
This Letter reports the successful use of feedback from a spin polarization measurement to the revolution frequency of a 0.97  GeV/c bunched and polarized deuteron beam in the Cooler Synchrotron (COSY) storage ring in order to control both the precession rate (≈121  kHz) and the phase of the horizontal polarization component. Real time synchronization with a radio frequency (rf) solenoid made possible the rotation of the polarization out of the horizontal plane, yielding a demonstration of the feedback method to manipulate the polarization...
July 7, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704895/comparisons-in-outcome-and-subject-comfort-between-rotation-chair-systems
#16
Bong Jik Kim, Yu-Kyung Won, Jaihwan Hyun, Woo-Sung Na, Jae Yun Jung, Myung-Whan Suh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A rotation chair test has been used to evaluate the function of the horizontal semicircular canals. Currently, two chair systems according to the presence of cylindrical darkroom are used in a clinic setting. However, it has not been thoroughly investigated whether one system is superior to the other system or not. In this study, we aimed to compare test outcomes and subject convenience between two systems. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Twenty subjects with no history of otologic disease were enrolled...
July 2017: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644135/evaluation-of-thromboelastometry-parameters-as-predictive-markers-for-sinusoidal-obstruction-syndrome-in-patients-undergoing-allogeneic-stem-cell-transplantation-for-acute-leukaemia
#17
Joanna Rupa-Matysek, Lidia Gil, Ewelina Wojtasińska, Zuzanna Kanduła, Adam Nowicki, Magdalena Matuszak, Mieczysław Komarnicki
Hepatic sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (previously named veno-occlusive disease, SOS/VOD) is a serious complication of allogeneic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Early identification of patients at risk of SOS/VOD may possibly improve the outcome and reduce mortality. Rotation thromboelastometry (ROTEM) is global assay allowing for the precise assessment of both bleeding and thrombotic conditions, however, its usefulness in patients undergoing HSCT for acute leukaemia has not been studied.We evaluated the thromboelastometry parameters in patients undergoing allogeneic HSCT for acute leukaemia to identify candidate biomarkers of SOS/VOD occurrence...
June 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604558/generating-actigraph-counts-from-raw-acceleration-recorded-by-an-alternative-monitor
#18
Jan Christian Brønd, Lars Bo Andersen, Daniel Arvidsson
PURPOSE: This study aimed to implement an aggregation method in Matlab for generating ActiGraph counts from raw acceleration recorded with an alternative accelerometer device and to investigate the validity of the method. METHODS: The aggregation method, including the frequency band-pass filter, was implemented and optimized based on standardized sinusoidal acceleration signals generated in Matlab and processed in the ActiLife software. Evaluating the validity of the aggregation method was approached using a mechanical setup and with a 24-h free-living recording using a convenient sample of nine subjects...
November 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562425/rotational-and-collic-vestibular-evoked-myogenic-potential-testing-in-normal-developing-children-and-children-with-combined-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#19
Younes Lotfi, Nima Rezazadeh, Abdollah Moossavi, Hojjat Allah Haghgoo, Reza Rostami, Enayatollah Bakhshi, Faride Badfar, Sedigheh Farokhi Moghadam, Vahid Sadeghi-Firoozabadi, Yousef Khodabandelou
OBJECTIVES: Vestibular dysfunction in childhood can have a major effect on a child's developmental process. Balance function has been reported to be poorer in children with attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) than in their typically developing peers. Due to contradictory available evidence and the paucity of research on vestibular function specifically in children with combined ADHD (cADHD), we designed this aged-matched study to assess vestibular function in children with cADHD...
November 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560014/the-spinner-illusion-more-dots-more-speed
#20
Hiroshi Ashida, Alan Ho, Akiyoshi Kitaoka, Stuart Anstis
The perceived speed of a ring of equally spaced dots moving around a circular path appears faster as the number of dots increases (Ho & Anstis, 2013, Best Illusion of the Year contest). We measured this "spinner" effect with radial sinusoidal gratings, using a 2AFC procedure where participants selected the faster one between two briefly presented gratings of different spatial frequencies (SFs) rotating at various angular speeds. Compared with the reference stimulus with 4 c/rev (0.64 c/rad), participants consistently overestimated the angular speed for test stimuli of higher radial SFs but underestimated that for a test stimulus of lower radial SFs...
May 2017: I-Perception
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