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Mónica C García, Ana A Aldana, Luis I Tártara, Fabiana Alovero, Miriam C Strumia, Rubén H Manzo, Marisa Martinelli, Alvaro F Jimenez-Kairuz
The bioadhesive polymeric films as topical drug delivery systems are interesting alternatives to improve the pharmacotherapy and patient compliances. New derivate biomaterials based on weisocyanate- dendronized PVP- crosslinked chitosan and loaded with ciprofloxacin (CIP), as model drug, were used to prepare bioadhesive films. Relevant in vitro/in vivo attributes to define main physicochemical and biopharmaceutical characteristics for topical wound-healing applications were evaluated. A high proportion of CIP, uniformly dispersed along throughout the film, was loaded...
November 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
B Sikora, P Kowalik, J Mikulski, K Fronc, I Kamińska, M Szewczyk, A Konopka, K Zajdel, R Minikayev, K Sobczak, W Zaleszczyk, A Borodziuk, J Rybusiński, J Szczytko, A Sienkiewicz, T Wojciechowski, P Stępień, M Frontczak-Baniewicz, M Łapiński, G Wilczyński, W Paszkowicz, A Twardowski, D Elbaum
Water-soluble upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs), based on polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)-coated NaYF4:Er(3+),Yb(3+),Gd(3+), with various concentrations of Gd(3+) ions and relatively high upconversion efficiencies, were synthesized. The internalization and cytotoxicity of the thus obtained UCNPs were evaluated in three cell lines (HeLa, HEK293 and astrocytes). No cytotoxicity was observed even at concentrations of UCNPs up to 50 μg ml(-1). The fate of the UCNPs within the cells was studied by examining their upconversion emission spectra with confocal microscopy and confirming these observations with transmission electron microscopy...
September 15, 2017: Nanoscale
Carolina S García, Paula M Uberman, Sandra E Martín
Aqueous Mizoroki-Heck coupling reactions under microwave irradiation (MW) were carried out with a colloidal Pd nanocatalyst stabilized with poly(N-vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP). Many stilbenes and novel heterostilbenes were achieved in good to excellent yields starting from aryl bromides and different olefins. The reaction was carried out in a short reaction time and with low catalyst loading, leading to high turnover frequency (TOFs of the order of 100 h(-1)). The advantages like operational simplicity, high robustness, efficiency and turnover frequency, the utilization of aqueous media and simple product work-up make this protocol a great option for stilbene syntheses by Mizoroki-Heck reaction...
2017: Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry
Kyoko Hataoka, Asuka Kaizaki-Mitsumoto, Satoshi Numazawa
A synthetic cathinone, 1-phenyl-2-(1-pyrrolidinyl)-1-pentanone (α-PVP), was occasionally found in the "bath salt" type of designer drugs, as an active ingredient. It has been reported that drivers who consumed α-PVP were in an excited state and incapable of controlling their behavior, causing traffic accidents. Despite its acute excitatory effects, there is no information on the psychological dependency elicited by α-PVP use. The purpose of the present study was to clarify whether the reward pathway is activated with repeated doses of α-PVP in experimental animals...
2017: Journal of Toxicological Sciences
Assad U Khan, Zhengping Zhou, Joseph Krause, Guoliang Liu
Herein, a poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP)-free method is described for synthesizing Ag nanoplates that have localized surface plasmon resonance in the near-infrared (NIR) range. Citrate-capped Ag spherical nanoparticles are first grown into small Ag nanoplates that resonate in the range of 500-800 nm. The small Ag nanoplates are used as seeds to further grow into large Ag nanoplates with a lateral dimension of 100-600 nm and a plasmon resonance wavelength of 800-1660 nm and above. The number of growth steps can be increased as desired...
September 13, 2017: Small
Juhyun Park, Sung Yong Cho, Min Chul Cho, Hyeon Jeong, Hwancheol Son
PURPOSE: To investigate 5-year long-term postoperative efficacy in benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) following 120-W GreenLight high-performance system photoselective vaporization of the prostate (HPS-PVP). METHODS: This was a retrospective study of surgical outcomes in 159 men who underwent HPS-PVP and were followed over 60 months postoperatively. Definitions of treatment success were established based on the following three variables: international prostate symptom scores (IPSS), maximum flow rates (Qmax), and quality of life scores QoL)...
2017: PloS One
Olof Beck, Matilda Bäckberg, Patrick Signell, Anders Helander
CONTEXT: An increasing number of new psychoactive substances (NPS) of different chemical classes have become available through marketing and sale over the Internet. This report from the Swedish STRIDA project presents the prevalence, laboratory results, and clinical features in intoxications involving 11 stimulant pyrovalerone NPS derivatives over a 5-year period. STUDY DESIGN: Case series of consecutive patients with admitted or suspected intake of NPS presenting to Swedish hospitals for emergency treatment from January 2011 to March 2016...
September 12, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
Raghunath B Shivappa, Larry S Christian, Jerry M Law, Gregory A Lewbart
A study was carried out to assess the effect of Stress Coat(®) on slime production in goldfish (Carassius auratus) and koi (Cyprinus carpio). The study also investigated histological changes that might be associated with slime producing cells, and wound healing in koi. Several formulations of Stress Coat(®) were investigated and the results showed that polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP), also known as povidone, an ingredient of Stress Coat(®), when used alone, showed significantly higher slime production in goldfish than salt and Stress Coat(®) without PVP after 25 h...
2017: PeerJ
Walter Ferreira da Silva Júnior, Jonas Gabriel de Oliveira Pinheiro, Danielle Lima Bezerra de Menezes, Natan Emanuell de Sobral E Silva, Patrícia Danielle Oliveira de Almeida, Emerson Silva Lima, Valdir Florêncio da Veiga Júnior, Eduardo Pereira de Azevedo, Ádley Antonini Neves de Lima
α,β Amyrin (ABAM) is a natural mixture of pentacyclic triterpenes that has shown a variety of pharmacological properties, including anti-inflammatory effect. ABAM is isolated from Burseraceae oilresins, especially from the Protium species, which is commonly found in the Brazilian Amazon. This work aimed to develop solid dispersions (SD) of ABAM with the following hydrophilic polymers: polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP-K30), polyethylene glycol (PEG-6000) and hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (HPMC). The SDs were prepared by physical mixture (PM), kneading (KND) and rotary evaporation (RE) methods...
September 9, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Sangcheol Yoon, Hyebin Kim, Eun-Sol Shin, Jun Nyeong Huh, Yong-Young Noh, Byoung Choo Park, Inchan Hwang
High electrical conductivity of metal oxide thin films needs uniform surface coverage, which has been the issue for the thin films based on electrospun nanofibers (NFs) that have advantage over the sputtered/spin-coated films with respect to large surface area and mechanical flexibility. Herein, we investigated a reduction in the sheet resistance of electrospun indium tin oxide (ITO) NF films with improved surface coverage. We found that the surface coverage depends significantly on the electrospinnable polymer concentration in the precursor solutions, especially after post-hot-plate annealing following the infrared radiation furnace treatment...
September 11, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Yang Liu, Gangya Wei, Mengyue Ma, Yun Qiao
Prussian blue with concave centers has been successfully synthesized by a hydrothermal method under the assistance of acid. In this study, the role of acid is systematically investigated via adjusting the reaction temperature and time, different kinds and amounts of acid, the addition amount of PVP surfactant. It is found that the acid not only can trigger the chemical reaction to form cubic PB but also can be etching reagent to tailor the morphology. The as-obtained cubic structure PB with concave centers demonstrates a superior cycle stability and rate performance, which can achieve a capacity of 107 mA h g-1 at 0...
September 8, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
Mehrak Javadi-Paydar, Jacques D Nguyen, Sophia A Vandewater, Tobin J Dickerson, Michael A Taffe
The broad diversity of synthetic cathinone psychostimulant drugs that are available to users complicates research efforts to provide understanding of health risks. Second generation cathinones pentedrone and pentylone are distinguished from each other by the 3,4-methylenedioxy structural motif (which distinguishes methamphetamine from 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine) and each incorporates the α-alkyl chain motif contained in the transporter-inhibitor cathinones (3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV), α-pyrrolidinopentiophenone (α-PVP)) but not in the monoamine releasers (mephedrone, methylone)...
September 4, 2017: Neuropharmacology
Pengcheng Zhou, Zhimin Fang, Weiran Zhou, Qiquan Qiao, Mingtai Wang, Tao Chen, Shangfeng Yang
The interfaces between perovskite layer and electrodes play a crucial role on efficient charge transport and extraction in perovskite solar cells (PSCs). Herein, for the first time we applied a low-cost non-conjugated polymer poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP) as a new interlayer between PCBM electron transport layer (ETL) and Ag cathode for high-performance inverted planar heterojunction perovskite solar cells (iPSCs), leading to a dramatic efficiency enhancement. The CH3NH3PbI3-xClx-based iPSC device incorporating the PVP interlayer exhibited a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 12...
September 7, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Ascensión Martínez-Márquez, María J Martínez-Esteso, María T Vilella-Antón, Susana Sellés-Marchart, Jaime A Morante-Carriel, Elias Hurtado, Javier Palazon, Roque Bru-Martínez
Vitis vinifera cell cultures respond to pathogens and elicitors by synthesizing and extracellularly accumulating stilbenoid phytoalexins. Large amounts of trans-resveratrol (t-R) are produced when a cell culture is elicited with methylated cyclodextrins (MBCD), either alone or combined with methyl jasmonate (MeJA). t-R transport to the extracellular medium, which represents the apoplastic space, would place this antifungal defense right in the battlefield to efficiently fight against pathogen attack. Yet despite their physiological relevance, these transport pathways are mostly unknown...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
Hanah Mesallati, Lidia Tajber
PURPOSE: To improve the pharmaceutical properties of amorphous ciprofloxacin (CIP) succinate salts via formulation as polymer/amorphous salt solid dispersions (ASSDs). METHODS: ASSDs consisting of an amorphous CIP/succinic acid 1:1 or 2:1 salt dispersed in PVP or Soluplus were produced by spray drying and ball milling. The solid state characteristics, miscibility, stability, solubility and passive transmembrane permeability of the ASSDs were then examined. RESULTS: The ASSDs had higher glass transition and crystallization temperatures than the corresponding amorphous succinate salts, and were also more stable during long-term stability studies...
September 5, 2017: Pharmaceutical Research
Ruta Grinyte, Javier Barroso, Beatriz Díez-Buitrago, Laura Saa, Marco Möller, Valeri Pavlov
We discovered that copper ions (Cu(2+)) catalyze the oxidation of cysteine (CSH) by oxygen (O2) to modulate the growth of CSH-capped cadmium sulfide (CdS) nanoparticles (NPs). This new chemical process was applied to sensitive fluorogenic and photoelectrochemical (PEC) detection of Cu(2+) ions in real samples of mineral and tap water using the photocatalytic activity of the resulting NPs. Disposable screen-printed electrodes (SPCEs) modified with electroactive polyvinylpyridine bearing osmium complex (Os-PVP) by cyclic voltammetry (CV) were employed for PEC analytical system...
September 15, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
S Uma Maheshwari, K Govindan, M Raja, A Raja, M B S Pravin, S Vasanth Kumar
Polyvinylalcohol (PVA) and Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) blend incorporated with hydroxyapatite (HAp) and β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) is electrospun as nanofibrous composite scaffolds to act as suitable template for bone tissue engineering. Microscopic and spectroscopic characterizations confirm uniform integration of the crystalline calcium phosphate ceramics in the scaffolds. PVA-PVP blends are usually amorphous in nature and addition of phosphate ceramic particles specifically HAp elevates its crystalline behavior which is substantiated by XRD details...
2017: Bio-medical Materials and Engineering
Christian Luebbert, Gabriele Sadowski
Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (APIs) are often dissolved in polymeric matrices to control the gastrointestinal dissolution and to stabilize the amorphous state of the API. During the pharmaceutical development of new formulations, stability studies via storage at certain temperature and relative humidity (RH) have to be carried out to verify the long-term thermodynamic stability of these formulations against unwanted recrystallization and moisture-induced amorphous-amorphous phase separation (MIAPS). This study focuses on predicting the MIAPS of API/polymer formulations at elevated RH...
August 31, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Vishvanath Tiwari, Monalisa Tiwari, Vandana Solanki
Acinetobacter baumannii, an opportunistic ESKAPE pathogen, causes respiratory and urinary tract infections. Its prevalence increases gradually in the clinical setup. Pathogenicity of Acinetobacter is significantly influenced by its ability to infect and survive in human pulmonary cells. Therefore, it is important to study the infection of A. baumannii in human pulmonary host cell (A-549), monitoring surface interacting and internalized bacteria. It was found that during infection of A. baumannii, about 40% bacteria adhered to A-549, whereas 20% got internalized inside pulmonary cell and induces threefold increase in the reactive oxygen species production...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
Yanan Zhang, Wei Liu, Bin Quan, Guangbin Ji, Jianna Ma, Daoran Li, Wei Meng
Design of dielectric/magnetic heterostructure and multiple interfaces is a challenge for the microwave absorption. Thus, in this study, a novel C/Fe3C nanocomposites have been fabricated by annealing the precursors obtained by the facile chemical blowing of polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP) and Fe(NO3)3·9H2O. By changing the content of Fe(NO3)3·9H2O, the honeycomb-like structure with scads of pores and electromagnetic parameters could be successfully tailored. When the addition of Fe(NO3)3·9H2O is ranging from 1 to 2g, honeycomb-structured nanocomposites possess high performance microwave absorption when mixed with 90wt% paraffin...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
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