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pediatric migraines

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747935/prevalence-of-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-comparison-between-rome-iii-and-rome-iv-criteria
#1
Miguel Saps, Carlos Alberto Velasco-Benitez, Amber Hamid Langshaw, Carmen Rosy Ramírez-Hernández
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) in children using Rome IV criteria and to compare the prevalence of FGIDs using Rome IV with Rome III criteria. STUDY DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study using the same methods as our previous study on FGIDs in Colombia. The Questionnaire of Pediatric Gastrointestinal Symptoms Rome IV version was translated into Spanish, followed by reverse translation. Terms were adjusted to children's language by using focus groups of children...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733088/pediatric-abdominal-migraine-current-perspectives-on-a-lesser-known-entity
#2
REVIEW
Jyoti Mani, Shailender Madani
Background: Abdominal migraine (AM) is a common cause of chronic and recurrent abdominal pain in children. It is characterized by paroxysms of moderate to severe abdominal pain that is midline, periumbilical, or diffuse in location and accompanied by other symptoms including headache, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, or pallor. Despite the presence of comprehensive diagnostic criteria under Rome IV classification of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) and International Classification of Headache Disorders, it continues to be an underdiagnosed entity...
2018: Pediatric Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732930/cephalic-cutaneous-allodynia-in-children-and-adolescents-with-migraine-of-short-duration-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#3
Yoel Levinsky, Avraham Zeharia, Tal Eidlitz-Markus
Background Allodynia is prevalent in adults with migraine and has been associated with long disease duration and severe course. Studies of the pediatric population are sparse. The aim of this study was to evaluate the rate of cephalic cutaneous allodynia in children and adolescents within the first 6 months of migraine onset and to identify associated clinical and migraine-related parameters. Methods The electronic database of a tertiary pediatric headache clinic from 2014 to 2017 was retrospectively searched for all children and adolescents diagnosed with migraine headache within 6 months or less of symptom onset...
January 1, 2018: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725875/obesity-and-migraine-in-childhood
#4
REVIEW
Tal Eidlitz Markus, Irene Toldo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this work was to review the current literature on the epidemiology and pathophysiology of pediatric obesity and migraine, underlying pathogenic mechanisms that may explain the association between the two disorders, and the effects of treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: In children and adolescents, the bulk of the available data support an association between obesity and headache disorders in general, though a small number of studies contradict these findings...
May 3, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629048/prophylactic-effect-of-riboflavin-on-pediatric-migraine-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#5
Ahmad Talebian, Babak Soltani, Hamid Reza Banafshe, Gholam Abbas Moosavi, Motahhareh Talebian, Siamak Soltani
Background and aim: Riboflavin may have an acceptable effect on migraine among children. This study was carried out to determine the prophylactic effect of riboflavin on migraine in children. Methods: This randomized clinical trial study was performed at Shahid Beheshti Hospital in Kashan, Iran from December 2012 to February 2015. Ninety children with migraine were allocated randomly into 3 groups (placebo, low-dose and high-dose riboflavin). The outcomes (frequency, intensity and duration of headaches) were measured at baseline and 12 weeks of medication in each group, and the decrease of them were compared...
February 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619575/the-evidence-for-the-role-of-nutraceuticals-in-the-management-of-pediatric-migraine-a-review
#6
REVIEW
Serena L Orr
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Nutraceuticals are a form of complementary and alternative medicine that is commonly used by children and adolescents with migraine. In this review, observational studies, randomized controlled trials, systematic reviews, and meta-analyses on the efficacy and safety of single compound nutraceuticals for the management of migraine in children and adolescents were identified through a literature search of MEDLINE, Embase, and EBM Reviews-Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials...
April 4, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560837/predictors-of-long-term-psychosocial-functioning-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-and-adolescents-with-prior-concussions
#7
Vickie Plourde, Keith Owen Yeates, Brian L Brooks
OBJECTIVES: Individual differences in long-term psychosocial functioning after concussions in children and adolescents are poorly understood. The aim of the study was to investigate potential predictors of long-term psychosocial functioning and health-related quality of life in youth after prior concussion. METHODS: Participants (N=75; mean age=14.3 years old; 52% girls) with one prior concussion (n=24), multiple prior concussions (n=24), or a prior orthopedic injury and no concussion (n=27) were seen on average 2...
March 21, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556858/cyclic-vomiting-syndrome-in-children
#8
REVIEW
Anne Donnet, Sylvain Redon
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) is a misrecognized and probably underdiagnosed episodic syndrome associated with migraine, occurring preferentially in childhood. Attacks are stereotyped for each individual, with predictable periodicity. This review summarizes recent clinical and paraclinical observations in this syndrome, and current approaches in explorations and therapeutics. RECENT FINDINGS: Clinical phenotype during prodromal, vomiting, and recovery phases contains visceral and neuropsychological symptoms, but also cranial and systemic symptoms...
March 19, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556207/non-verbal-cognitive-abilities-in-children-and-adolescents-affected-by-migraine-and-tension-type-headache-an-observational-study-using-the-leiter-3
#9
Lucia Margari, Roberto Palumbi, Paola A Lecce, Francesco Craig, Marta Simone, Mariella Margari, Silvana M C Seccia, Maura Buttiglione
Headache is one of the most common neurological disorders in developmental age. Several studies investigated the relationship between headache and emotional/behavioral problems. We studied non-verbal cognitive abilities, including non-verbal memory and attention skills, in order to evaluate the impact of primary headache on these domains. The latest version of the cognitive battery Leiter International Performance Scale - Third Edition (Leiter-3), a non-verbal test, was administered to 35 children and adolescents affected by migraine or tension-type headache and to 23 healthy subjects...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532087/the-changing-landscape-of-pediatric-migraine-therapy-a-review
#10
Carlyn Patterson-Gentile, Christina L Szperka
Importance: Migraine is a disabling and prevalent condition that affects the pediatric and adolescent population. This review describes current acute and preventive migraine pharmacologic therapies for the pediatric and adolescent population. Observations: Multiple pharmacotherapies that have been used in the treatment of acute headache and prevention in pediatric migraine are reviewed. There have been recent advances in the management of migraines among pediatric and adolescent patients, including US Food and Drug Administration approval of triptans for acute management in children as young as 6 years, and the first prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled comparative study of preventive pharmacotherapy in pediatric migraine...
March 12, 2018: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516477/cbt-for-pediatric-migraine-a-qualitative-study-of-patient-and-parent-experience
#11
Ashley M Kroon Van Diest, Michelle M Ernst, Lisa Vaughn, Shalonda Slater, Scott W Powers
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to determine which cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT-HA) treatment components pediatric headache patient stakeholders would report to be most helpful and essential to reducing headache frequency and related disability to develop a streamlined, less burdensome treatment package that would be more accessible to patients and families. BACKGROUND: Pediatric migraine is a prevalent and disabling condition. CBT-HA has been shown to reduce headache frequency and related disability, but may not be readily available or accepted by many migraine sufferers due to treatment burden entailed...
March 8, 2018: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500071/transient-regional-cerebral-hypoperfusion-during-a-paroxysmal-hemiplegic-event-in-glut1-deficiency-syndrome
#12
Mohamed Almuqbil, Michael J Rivkin, Masanori Takeoka, Edward Yang, Lance H Rodan
GLUT1 deficiency syndrome (GLUT1DS) is a well described neurometabolic disorder that results from impaired glucose transport into the central nervous system. GLUT1DS classically presents with infantile-onset epilepsy, progressive microcephaly, developmental delay, ataxia, dystonia, and spasticity, but a minority of patients may manifest with paroxysmal non-epileptic phenomena including hemiparesis (Wang et al., 2002). We report for the first time cerebral perfusion changes during an acute episode of hemiparesis in a 9 year old child with GLUT1DS...
May 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456086/low-dose-propofol-for-pediatric-migraine-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
David C Sheridan, Matthew L Hansen, Amber L Lin, Rongwei Fu, Garth D Meckler
BACKGROUND: Migraine headaches are a common reason for pediatric emergency department (ED) visits. Small studies suggest the potential efficacy of sub-anesthetic doses of propofol for migraine with a favorable side effect profile and potentially decreased length of stay (LOS). OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy of low-dose propofol (LDP) to standard therapy (ST) in pediatric migraine treatment. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, pragmatic randomized controlled trial from April 2014 through June 2016 in the ED at two pediatric hospitals...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449820/headache-and-alexithymia-in-children-and-adolescents-what-is-the-connection
#14
REVIEW
Giulia Natalucci, Noemi Faedda, Dario Calderoni, Rita Cerutti, Paola Verdecchia, Vincenzo Guidetti
Background: Headache is one of the most common complaints in children and adolescents and comorbidity rates are very high and the major associated diseases are depression, anxiety, atopic disorders, sleep, and behavioral disorders. In recent years, it has been highlighted that difficulties regulating emotions such as alexithymia have also been associated with diagnosis of somatization. Methods: We carried out a mini review analyzing the relation between alexithymia and primary headache (e.g., migraine and tension type headache) in children and adolescents by synthesizing the relevant studies in the literature on PubMed, PsycINFO, and Google Scholar...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446797/uncommon-pediatric-primary-headache-disorders
#15
M Cristina Victorio
Migraine and tension-type headaches are common primary headache disorders encountered among children and adolescents presenting to a pediatric clinic. At times, children present with a headache with unusual or peculiar features that can be alarming and perplexing. These can be in the form of a brief stabbing headache with lacrimation in one eye or a continuous headache locked to one side of the head or face. These headache syndromes tend to be more common among adults but, on occasion, are known to occur or have their onset during childhood...
February 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446796/posttraumatic-headache
#16
Raquel Langdon, Sharief Taraman
After sustaining a concussion or mild traumatic brain injury, headaches are one of the most common complaints. The pathophysiologic changes that occur in the setting of injury likely contribute to or cause posttraumatic headaches. Posttraumatic headaches often present as migraine or tension-type headaches. Unlike pain from other types of injuries, headaches following mild traumatic brain injury are more likely to persist. Preexisting conditions such as migraine and mood disorders may influence posttraumatic headache and complicate management...
February 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446795/management-of-pediatric-migraine-current-therapies
#17
Marina Khrizman, Ann Pakalnis
Migraine is one of the most common neurologic conditions in pediatrics. It can be a significant stressor, causing absences from school and interruption of parents' work and family schedules. The mainstay of treatment remains educating patients about healthy lifestyle practices and the influences of sleep, stressors, and hydration on triggering migraine attacks. Psychological therapies such as biofeedback or cognitive-behavioral therapy may be beneficial in some patients, especially those with prominent psychological comorbidities...
February 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446794/migraine-variants-in-children
#18
A David Rothner
Migraine in children can manifest in ways that are markedly different from adult migraines. In children, migraine variants are often unaccompanied by headache and include conditions such as cyclic vomiting and abdominal migraine. Children who experience these conditions are often thought to have a disorder of the gastrointestinal tract, and when evaluation is unremarkable they may be diagnosed as having a conversion reaction. Complicated migraines, on the other hand, are often accompanied by focal neurological symptoms such as ataxia, hemiparesis, or altered level of consciousness that evoke great consternation in the examining clinician...
February 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442203/cyclic-vomiting-syndrome-epidemiology-diagnosis-and-treatment
#19
REVIEW
Sanjay Bhandari, Pinky Jha, Abhishek Thakur, Abhipsa Kar, Harrison Gerdes, Thangam Venkatesan
Cyclic-vomiting syndrome (CVS) is a chronic functional gastrointestinal disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of nausea and vomiting. Although once thought to be a pediatric disorder, there has been a considerable increase in recognition of CVS in adults. The exact pathogenesis is unknown and several theories have been proposed. Migraine and CVS share a similar pathophysiology as suggested by several studies. Since there are no specific biomarkers available for this disorder, physicians should rely on Rome criteria for the diagnosis...
April 2018: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432249/pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-and-concussion
#20
Meeryo Choe, Karen M Barlow
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article summarizes the impact and complications of mild traumatic brain injury and concussion in children and outlines the recent evidence for its assessment and early management. Useful evidence-based management strategies are provided for children who have a typical recovery following concussion as well as for those who have persistent postconcussion syndrome. Cases are used to demonstrate the commonly encountered pathologies of headache, cognitive issues, and mood disturbances following injury...
February 2018: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
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