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Pediatric physical therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765186/effect-of-the-frequency-of-therapy-on-the-performance-of-activities-of-daily-living-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#1
Eun-Young Park, Eun-Joo Kim
[Purpose] This study investigated the frequency effect of physical and occupational therapy on activities of daily living performance in children with cerebral palsy. [Subjects and Methods] A total of 162 children with cerebral palsy who attended a convalescent or rehabilitation center for disabled individuals or a special school for physical disabilities in South Korea participated in this study. The Pediatric Evaluation Disability Inventory was used to collect data on activities of daily living performance according to physical therapy frequency based on neurodevelopmental therapy for 1 year...
May 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761336/-syncope-in-children-and-adolescents
#2
REVIEW
Matthias J Müller, Thomas Paul
Syncope is common in children and adolescents. Neurally mediated syncope including pallid and cyanotic breath holding spells, vagovasal syncope and neurocardiogenic syncope is based on a common pathomechanism and accounts for approximately 75% of cases. A potentially life-threatening cardiac cause of syncope may be present in up to 6%. Detailed history, physical examination and 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) allow discrimination between benign and serious syncope in the majority of pediatric patients. Tilt-testing can be useful when diagnosis is unclear...
May 14, 2018: Herzschrittmachertherapie & Elektrophysiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752583/quality-of-life-qol-and-the-factors-affecting-it-in-transfusion-dependent-thalassemic-children
#3
Kapil Chordiya, Vikash Katewa, Pramod Sharma, Bindu Deopa, Suman Katewa
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the Quality of life (QoL) and the factors affecting it in transfusion-dependent thalassemic children. METHODS: Current study was conducted at Department of Pediatrics, Dr. SNMC, Jodhpur. Ninety-three transfusion-dependent thalassemic children aged between 8 and 18 y were enrolled. Quality of life was assessed using Pediatric Quality of Life (PedsQL) measurement model in thalassemic children. RESULTS: Mean age of children was 11...
May 12, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735190/potential-morbidity-reduction-with-proton-radiation-therapy-for-breast-cancer
#4
REVIEW
Lior Z Braunstein, Oren Cahlon
Proton radiotherapy confers significant dosimetric advantages in the treatment of malignancies that arise adjacent to critical radiosensitive structures. To date, these advantages have been most prominent in the treatment of pediatric and central nervous system malignancies, although emerging data support the use of protons among other anatomical sites in which radiotherapy plays an important role. With advances in the overall treatment paradigm for breast cancer, most patients with localized disease now exhibit long-term disease control and, consequently, may manifest the late toxicities of aggressive treatment...
April 2018: Seminars in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733088/pediatric-abdominal-migraine-current-perspectives-on-a-lesser-known-entity
#5
REVIEW
Jyoti Mani, Shailender Madani
Background: Abdominal migraine (AM) is a common cause of chronic and recurrent abdominal pain in children. It is characterized by paroxysms of moderate to severe abdominal pain that is midline, periumbilical, or diffuse in location and accompanied by other symptoms including headache, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, or pallor. Despite the presence of comprehensive diagnostic criteria under Rome IV classification of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) and International Classification of Headache Disorders, it continues to be an underdiagnosed entity...
2018: Pediatric Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727486/reliability-and-validity-of-the-karaduman-chewing-performance-scale-in-pediatric-neuromuscular-diseases-a-system-for-classification-of-chewing-disorders
#6
Selen Serel Arslan, Güllü Aydın, İpek Alemdaroğlu, Öznur Tunca Yılmaz, Aynur Ayşe Karaduman
BACKGROUND: Chewing disorders can be seen in children with Neuromuscular Diseases (NMDs), which may cause swallowing difficulties like choking, retching, food stuck feeling in the throat. Due to these effects, it is important to determine chewing disorders early with appropriate assessment methods to plan appropriate therapies in NMDs. OBJECTIVE(S: The aim of this study was to investigate reliability and validity of the Karaduman Chewing Performance Scale (KCPS) in children with NMDs...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686977/a-prototype-exercise-empowerment-mobile-video-game-for-children-with-cancer-and-its-usability-assessment-developing-digital-empowerment-interventions-for-pediatric-diseases
#7
Carol S Bruggers, Sabrina Baranowski, Mathew Beseris, Rachel Leonard, Derek Long, Elizabeth Schulte, Ashton Shorter, Rowan Stigner, Clinton C Mason, Alisa Bedrov, Ian Pascual, Grzegorz Bulaj
Background: Medical advances continue to improve morbidity and mortality of serious pediatric diseases, including cancer, driving research addressing diminished physical and psychological quality of life in children with these chronic conditions. Empowerment enhances resilience and positively influences health, disease, and therapy understanding. We describe the development and usability assessment of a prototype Empower Stars! mobile video game grounded in behavioral and exercise theories with the purpose of coupling physical exercise with empowerment over disease in children with cancer...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686569/pedunculated-focal-nodular-hyperplasia-in-a-healthy-toddler
#8
Juhi Koolwal, Krista L Birkemeier, Riyam T Zreik, Kelly D Mattix
Focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) is a benign hepatic tumor rarely seen in pediatric patients, with most cases reported in school-aged children with a history of malignancy, liver disease, chemotherapy, or hematopoietic stem cell therapy. Despite having advanced radiographic imaging, diagnosing FNH before surgical resection can be difficult. We report a rare case of pedunculated FNH presenting as a large abdominal mass palpated on physical exam in a healthy 3-year-old girl with no history of malignancy or underlying liver disease...
January 2018: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685065/noninvasive-brain-stimulation-challenges-and-opportunities-for-a-new-clinical-specialty
#9
Aaron D Boes, Michael S Kelly, Nicholas T Trapp, Adam P Stern, Daniel Z Press, Alvaro Pascual-Leone
Noninvasive brain stimulation refers to a set of technologies and techniques with which to modulate the excitability of the brain via transcranial stimulation. Two major modalities of noninvasive brain stimulation are transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and transcranial current stimulation. Six TMS devices now have approved uses by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and are used in clinical practice: five for treating medication refractory depression and the sixth for presurgical mapping of motor and speech areas...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671081/type-2-diabetes-mellitus-the-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-components-in-adult-survivors-of-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-and-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantations
#10
REVIEW
Bella Bielorai, Orit Pinhas-Hamiel
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A growing number of pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) survivors reach adulthood and face long-term health-related problems. We review risk factors and the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome (MetS), a cluster of obesity-related comorbidities, including abdominal obesity, atherogenic dyslipidemia, elevated blood pressure, impaired glucose metabolism, and type 2 diabetes in ALL and HSCT survivors. RECENT FINDINGS: Components of the MetS are already detected during the first year of ALL maintenance therapy and significantly worsen over time...
April 18, 2018: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668026/nicu-graduates-the-role-of-the-allied-health-team-in-follow-up
#11
Jane L Orton, Joy E Olsen, Katherine Ong, Rochelle Lester, Alicia J Spittle
Infants who graduate from the neonatal intensive care unit, including those infants born preterm and/or with brain injury, are at increased risk of long-term neurodevelopmental impairments. The developmental allied health team, consisting of physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech pathology, is crucial in early evaluation of gross motor, fine motor, feeding, and language development. Surveillance of neurodevelopment in the first year of life is essential to ensure early detection of specific developmental delays and impairments, and to ensure timely referral for early intervention...
April 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642833/-management-and-treatment-difficulties-of-multi-drug-resistant-pulmonary-tuberculosis-in-a-pediatric-case
#12
Selda Hançerli Törün, Emine Manolya Acar, Ayper Somer, Gonca Erköse, Dilek Şatana, Zuhal Bayramoğlu, Emine Çalışkan, Zeki Kılıçaslan
Tuberculosis continues to be a major health problem worldwide. Multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) infection that occurs in childhood is caused by adult MDR-TB agents which are in circulation and resistant to primary drugs. In this case report a 17-month-old child with MDR-TB who was cured after a 24-month therapy regimen was presented. Physical examination of a 17-month-old girl admitted to the hospital with the cause of recurrent pneumonia revealed a rubbery lymphadenopathy less than 2 cm in the right upper cervical region...
January 2018: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629696/non-pharmacological-interventions-for-pediatric-cancer-patients-a-comparative-review-and-emerging-needs-in-india
#13
Sujata Satapathy, Tanuja Kaushal, Sameer Bakhshi, Rakesh Kumar Chadda
CONTEXT: Evidence-based research on psycho-oncology in last three decades lays emphasis upon the critical role of psychological services for better illness adjustment, improved quality of life, reduced distress and cognitive problems among the rapidly increasing pediatric cancer population. JUSTIFICATION: This review aims to summarize the evidence-based psychological interventions in childhood cancer over the two decades and addresses the wide gap that existed between intervention studies worldwide and India, thus highlighting the need for research and appropriate services...
March 15, 2018: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619963/national-cancer-institute-workshop-on-proton-therapy-for-children-considerations-regarding-brainstem-injury
#14
REVIEW
Daphne Haas-Kogan, Daniel Indelicato, Harald Paganetti, Natia Esiashvili, Anita Mahajan, Torunn Yock, Stella Flampouri, Shannon MacDonald, Maryam Fouladi, Kry Stephen, John Kalapurakal, Stephanie Terezakis, Hanne Kooy, David Grosshans, Mike Makrigiorgos, Kavita Mishra, Tina Young Poussaint, Kenneth Cohen, Thomas Fitzgerald, Vinai Gondi, Arthur Liu, Jeff Michalski, Dragan Mirkovic, Radhe Mohan, Stephanie Perkins, Kenneth Wong, Bhadrasain Vikram, Jeff Buchsbaum, Larry Kun
PURPOSE: Proton therapy can allow for superior avoidance of normal tissues. A widespread consensus has been reached that proton therapy should be used for patients with curable pediatric brain tumor to avoid critical central nervous system structures. Brainstem necrosis is a potentially devastating, but rare, complication of radiation. Recent reports of brainstem necrosis after proton therapy have raised concerns over the potential biological differences among radiation modalities. We have summarized findings from the National Cancer Institute Workshop on Proton Therapy for Children convened in May 2016 to examine brainstem injury...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616469/racial-disparities-in-obesity-treatment
#15
REVIEW
Angel S Byrd, Alexander T Toth, Fatima Cody Stanford
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Obesity rates in the USA have reached pandemic levels with one third of the population with obesity in 2015-2016 (39.8% of adults and 18.5% of youth). It is a major public health concern, and it is prudent to understand the factors which contribute. Racial and ethnic disparities are pronounced in both the prevalence and treatment of obesity and must be addressed in the efforts to combat obesity. RECENT FINDINGS: Disparities in prevalence of obesity in racial/ethnic minorities are apparent as early as the preschool years and factors including genetics, diet, physical activity, psychological factors, stress, income, and discrimination, among others, must be taken into consideration...
April 3, 2018: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610174/recalcitrant-atopic-keratoconjunctivitis-in-children-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#16
Jing Li, Xiaohui Luo, Hongmin Ke, Lingyi Liang
Atopic keratoconjunctivitis (AKC) is the most severe type of allergic conjunctivitis and may eventually lead to blindness. Although AKC is reported to be more prevalent in adults, we report a child with AKC whose clinical characteristics were not inconsistent with those typically seen in adult patients with AKC, and who was refractory to traditional topical anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressant therapies. An 11-year-old boy presented with a 3-month history of ocular redness and itching and decreased vision for a week in both eyes...
April 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605344/development-and-validation-of-a-quality-of-life-instrument-for-patients-with-laryngeal-cleft
#17
Alexandria L Irace, Ryan D Walker, Kosuke Kawai, Meaghan Maddock, Natasha D Dombrowski, Georgios Sideridis, Lynne Ferrari, Reza Rahbar
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a novel pediatric health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) instrument for patients with laryngeal cleft and their families. METHODS: We surveyed primary caregivers of patients that underwent endoscopic repair of Type I or II laryngeal cleft. The proposed HR-QoL instrument consists of 40 items representing four domains, assessing the patient's physical symptoms, the patient's and family's social functioning, and the family's emotions regarding the patient's illness pre- and post-operatively...
May 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603734/school-based-physical-therapy-services-and-student-functional-performance-at-school
#18
Sarah Westcott Mccoy, Susan K Effgen, Lisa A Chiarello, Lynn M Jeffries, Alejandro G Villasante Tezanos
AIM: We explored relationships of school-based physical therapy to standardized outcomes of students receiving physical therapy. METHOD: Using a practice-based evidence research design, School Function Assessment (SFA) outcomes of 296 students with disabilities (mean age 7y 4mo [standard deviation 2y]; 166 males, 130 females), served by 109 physical therapists, were explored. After training, therapists completed 10 SFA scales on students at the beginning and end of the school year...
March 30, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596007/outpatient-physical-therapy-cardiovascular-assessment-physical-therapist-perspective-and-experience
#19
Ali Mufraih Albarrati
BACKGROUND: Physical therapists are recognized healthcare providers who play an important role in cardiovascular disease prevention. Heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP) are important parameters in cardiovascular risk assessment; however, physical therapists do not usually integrate them into clinical practice. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the current practice and opinion of outpatient physical therapists toward HR and BP measurements in clinics. METHODS: A 12-item survey questionnaire was distributed to outpatient physical therapists...
March 29, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579005/a-pediatric-service-learning-program-in-physical-therapy-education
#20
Yu-Jen Hou, Wen-Yu Liu, Yang-Hua Lin, Hen-Yu Lien, Alice M K Wong, Chien-Min Chen
PURPOSE: The purpose of this report was to describe a pediatric service-learning program in entry-level physical therapy (PT) education in Taiwan. KEY POINTS: To meet the needs of the local community and provide preclinical service-learning experience to PT students with people with physical disability, a service-learning program of a 2-day camp for children with cerebral palsy (CP) was developed in 2012. To date, 356 entry-level PT students have participated in this program, serving 286 children and their families...
April 2018: Pediatric Physical Therapy
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