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Heba M Ismail, Athanasios Didangelos, Tonia L Vincent, Jeremy Saklatvala
Objectives Mechanical injury to cartilage predisposes to osteoarthritis (OA). Wounding the articular cartilage surface causes rapid activation of MAP kinases and NFκB mimicking the response to inflammatory cytokines. Here, we identify the upstream signalling mechanisms involved. Methods Cartilage was injured by dissecting it from the articular surface of porcine metacarpophalangeal joints (MCP) or by avulsing murine proximal femoral epiphyses. Protein phosphorylation was assayed by Western blotting of cartilage lysates...
October 21, 2016: Arthritis & Rheumatology
Li Bo, Huchuan Cui, Zhengxian Fang, Tao Qun, Caoyun Xia
Resistance to taxol represents a major obstacle for long-term remission in ovarian cancer. Transforming Growth Factor-β-Activated Kinase 1 (TAK1) is a critical component in immune response pathway. However, the role of TAK1 in the development of chemoresistance in ovarian cancer remains unknown. Here, we showed that in vitro, taxol-resistant cells expressed higher TAK1, and the ratio of p-TAK1/TAK1 positively associated with taxol resistance in ovarian cancer cells. Inactivation of TAK1 by inhibitor 5Z-7-oxozeaenol or gene knockdown sensitized taxol cytotoxicity in vitro, promoting cell apoptosis and mitosis arrest...
October 17, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Peipei Zhang, Kohsuke Tsuchiya, Takeshi Kinoshita, Hiroko Kushiyama, Sofya Suidasari, Mizuki Hatakeyama, Hisanori Imura, Norihisa Kato, Takashi Suda
Vitamin B6 includes six water-soluble vitamers: pyridoxal (PL), pyridoxamine (PM), pyridoxine (PN), and their phosphorylated forms. Pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP) is an important cofactor for many metabolic enzymes. Several lines of evidence demonstrate that blood levels of PLP are significantly lower in patients with inflammation than in control subjects, and that vitamin B6 has anti-inflammatory effects, with therapeutic potential for a variety of inflammatory diseases. Although one of our group (NK) previously demonstrated that PL inhibits the NF-κB pathway, the molecular mechanism by which vitamin B6 suppresses inflammation is not well understood...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Amanda L Rinkenbaugh, Patricia C Cogswell, Barbara Calamini, Denise E Dunn, Anders I Persson, William A Weiss, Donald C Lo, Albert S Baldwin
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) carries a poor prognosis and continues to lack effective treatments. Glioblastoma stem cells (GSCs) drive tumor formation, invasion, and drug resistance and, as such, are the focus of studies to identify new therapies for disease control. Here, we identify the involvement of IKK and NF-κB signaling in the maintenance of GSCs. Inhibition of this pathway impairs self-renewal as analyzed in tumorsphere formation and GBM expansion as analyzed in brain slice culture. Interestingly, both the canonical and non-canonical branches of the NF-κB pathway are shown to contribute to this phenotype...
October 6, 2016: Oncotarget
Mei-Chi Chang, Hsiao-Hua Chang, Po-Shuan Lin, Yu-An Huang, Chiu-Po Chan, Yi-Ling Tsai, Shen-Yang Lee, Po-Yuan Jeng, Han-Yueh Kuo, Sin-Yuet Yeung, Jiiang-Huei Jeng
Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) plays an important role in the pulpal repair and dentinogenesis. Plasminogen activation (PA) system regulates extracellular matrix turnover. In this study, we investigated the effects of TGF-β1 on PA system of dental pulp cells and its signaling pathways. Dental pulp cells were treated with different concentrations of TGF-β1. MTT assay, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), western blotting and enzyme-linked immunosorbant assay (ELISA) were used to detect the effect of TGF-β1 on cell viability, mRNA and protein expression of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA), uPA receptor (uPAR), plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) as well as their secretion...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Naibin Yang, Shanshan Li, Guoxiang Li, Shengguo Zhang, Xinyue Tang, Shunlan Ni, Xiaomin Jian, Cunlai Xu, Jiayin Zhu, Mingqin Lu
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a major cause of cancer-related death worldwide. As vectors for intercellular information exchange, the potential role of extracellular vesicles (EVs) in HCC formation, progression and therapy has been widely investigated. In this review, we explore the current status of the researches in this field. Altogether there is undeniable evidence that EVs play a crucial role in HCC development, metastasis. Moreover, EVs have shown great potential as drug delivery systems (DDSs) for the treatment of HCC...
October 4, 2016: Oncotarget
Antonia Sassmann-Schweda, Pratibha Singh, Cong Tang, Astrid Wietelmann, Nina Wettschureck, Stefan Offermanns
Obesity is an increasing health problem worldwide, and nonsurgical strategies to treat obesity have remained rather inefficient. We here show that acute loss of TGF-β-activated kinase 1 (TAK1) in adipocytes results in an increased rate of apoptotic adipocyte death and increased numbers of M2 macrophages in white adipose tissue. Mice with adipocyte-specific TAK1 deficiency have reduced adipocyte numbers and are resistant to obesity induced by a high-fat diet or leptin deficiency. In addition, adipocyte-specific TAK1-deficient mice under a high-fat diet showed increased energy expenditure, which was accompanied by enhanced expression of the uncoupling protein UCP1...
May 19, 2016: JCI Insight
Li Su, Hongli Du, Xin Dong, Xiuhua Zhang, Ziyang Lou
Raf-1 kinase inhibitory protein (RKIP) is a critical molecule for cellular responses to stimuli. In this study, we investigated whether RKIP is responsible for neural cell apoptosis induced by oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) and explored the role of NF-κB and ERK pathways regulated by RKIP under OGD stimuli. RKIP was overexpressed or knocked down using lentivirus in PC12 cells, which were then challenged by OGD. RKIP overexpression significantly increased the cell viability of OGD cells, and attenuated apoptosis, cell cycle arrest, and reactive oxygen species generation...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
Kenneth Barth, Caroline Attardo Genco
The NFκB and MAPK signaling pathways are critical components of innate immunity that orchestrate appropriate immune responses to control and eradicate pathogens. Their activation results in the induction of proinflammatory mediators, such as TNFα a potent bioactive molecule commonly secreted by recruited inflammatory cells, allowing for paracrine signaling at the site of an infection. In this study we identified a novel mechanism by which the opportunistic pathogen Porphyromonas gingivalis dampens innate immune responses by disruption of kinase signaling and degradation of inflammatory mediators...
October 4, 2016: Scientific Reports
Tianzhi Huang, Angel A Alvarez, Rajendra P Pangeni, Craig M Horbinski, Songjian Lu, Sung-Hak Kim, C David James, Jeffery J Raizer, John A Kessler, Cameron W Brenann, Erik P Sulman, Gaetano Finocchiaro, Ming Tan, Ryo Nishikawa, Xinghua Lu, Ichiro Nakano, Bo Hu, Shi-Yuan Cheng
Molecularly defined subclassification is associated with phenotypic malignancy of glioblastoma (GBM). However, current understanding of the molecular basis of subclass conversion that is often involved in GBM recurrence remain rudimentary at best. Here we report that canonical Wnt signalling that is active in proneural (PN) but inactive in mesenchymal (MES) GBM, along with miR-125b and miR-20b that are expressed at high levels in PN compared with MES GBM, comprise a regulatory circuit involving TCF4-miR-125b/miR-20b-FZD6...
October 4, 2016: Nature Communications
Hisaaki Shinohara, Takeshi Nagashima, Marilia I Cascalho, Tomohiro Kurosaki
TAK1 (MAP3K7) mediation of the IκB kinase (IKK) complex-nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) pathway is crucial for the activation of immune response and to perpetuate inflammation. Although progress has been made to understand TAK1 function in the B-cell receptor (BCR) signaling, the physiological roles of TAK1 in B-cell development, particularly in the bone marrow (BM), remain elusive. Previous studies suggested that the IKK complex is required for the development of immunoglobulin light chain λ-positive B cells, but not for receptor editing...
October 3, 2016: Genes to Cells: Devoted to Molecular & Cellular Mechanisms
Yuxin Wang, Wenting Zhao, Qiang Gao, Li Fan, Yanqing Qin, Hu Zhou, Min Li, Jing Fang
Nuclear factor (NF)-κB is a transcription factor that plays an important role in many biological functions. Regulation of NF-κB activity is complicated, and ubiquitination is essential for NF-κB activation. Hypoxia can activate NF-κB. However, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. pVHL is a tumour suppressor and functions as an adaptor of E3-ligase. In this study, we demonstrated that pVHL inhibits NF-κB by mediating K63-ubiquitination of IKKβ, which is dependent on oxygen. We found that pVHL mediates K63-linked ubiquitination of IKKβ, which is an upstream regulator of NF-κB...
September 28, 2016: Cancer Letters
Xiaoyun Guo, Haifeng Yin, Yi Chen, Lei Li, Jing Li, Qinghang Liu
Necroptosis has emerged as a new form of programmed cell death implicated in a number of pathological conditions such as ischemic injury, neurodegenerative disease, and viral infection. Recent studies indicate that TGFβ-activated kinase 1 (TAK1) is nodal regulator of necroptotic cell death, although the underlying molecular regulatory mechanisms are not well defined. Here we reported that TAK1 regulates necroptotic signaling as well as caspase 8-mediated apoptotic signaling through both NFκB-dependent and -independent mechanisms...
2016: Cell Death & Disease
Jin Cheng, Xiaoqing Hu, Linghui Dai, Xin Zhang, Bo Ren, Weili Shi, Zhenlong Liu, Xiaoning Duan, Jiying Zhang, Xin Fu, Wenqing Chen, Yingfang Ao
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common debilitating joint disorder, there's still no available disease-modifying drug for OA currently. This study aims to explore the role of TAK1 in OA pathogenesis and therapeutic efficiency of TAK1 inhibition for OA. The contribution of TAK1 to OA pathogenesis was investigated by intra-articular injection of TAK1-encoding adenovirus in rats. TAK1 inhibitor 5Z-7-induced expression changes of extracellular matrix (ECM)-related genes were detected by real-time PCR. The protective effect of 5Z-7 against OA progression was evaluated in a post-traumatic OA rat model...
September 29, 2016: Scientific Reports
Manoj B Menon, Matthias Gaestel
The activation of p38(MAPK) by Toll-like receptor signalling is essential for the inflammatory response of innate immunity due to its role in post-transcriptional regulation of TNFα and cytokine biosynthesis. p38(MAPK) activation proceeds by the upstream MAP2Ks, MAPK kinase (MKK)3/6 as well as MKK4, which in turn are substrates for MAP3Ks, such as TGFβ-activated protein kinase-1 (TAK1). In contrast, TPL2 has been described as an exclusive MAP3K of MKK1/2-triggering activation of the classical ERKs, ERK1/2...
October 1, 2016: Biochemical Journal
Kun Li, Meichen Wang, Yaping Hu, Na Xu, Qin Yu, Qinfu Wang
TGF-β activating protein kinase 1 (TAK1) belongs to the MAP kinase kinase kinase (MAP3K) family. TAK1 is involved in many signaling pathways, especially the innate and adaptive immune responses. TAK1 mediates nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) and MAPK signaling pathway in response to interleukin-1, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα), and toll-like receptor agonists, such as lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The regulatory roles of TAK1 in LPS-induced proinflammatory cytokines production are dependent on the cell types. In this study, we examined the effects of TAK1 on the LPS induced production of proinflammatory cytokines in myeloid cells...
September 21, 2016: Cellular Immunology
Yannan Chen, Xia Wang, Chengwei Duan, Jie Chen, Ming Su, Yunfeng Jin, Yan Deng, Di Wang, Caiwen Chen, Linsen Zhou, Jialin Cheng, Wei Wang, Qinghua Xi
Ovarian cancer is a leading cause of death among gynaecologic malignancies. Despite many years of research, it still remains sparing in reliable diagnostic markers and methods for early detection and screening. Transforming growth factor β-activated protein kinase 1 (TAK1)-binding protein 3 (TAB3) was initially characterized as an adapter protein essential for TAK1 activation in response to IL-1β or TNFα, however, the physiological role of TAB3 in ovarian cancer tumorigenesis is still not fully understood...
September 21, 2016: Cell Proliferation
Shengqian Yang, Ziru Yu, Tianyi Yuan, Lin Wang, Xue Wang, Haiguang Yang, Lan Sun, Yuehua Wang, Guanhua Du
Acute lung injury (ALI), characterized by pulmonary edema and inflammatory cell infiltration, is a common syndrome of acute hypoxemic respiratory failure. Methyl salicylate 2-O-β-d-lactoside (MSL), a natural derivative of salicylate extracted from Gaultheria yunnanensis (Franch.) Rehder, was reported to have potent anti-inflammatory effects on the progression of collagen or adjuvant-induced arthritis in vivo and in vitro. The aim of this study is to investigate the therapeutic effect of MSL on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury and reveal underlying molecular mechanisms...
September 8, 2016: International Immunopharmacology
Xiaowen Cheng, Antonio Boza-Serrano, Michelle Foldschak Turesson, Tomas Deierborg, Eva Ekblad, Ulrikke Voss
In addition to brain injury stroke patients often suffer gastrointestinal complications. Neuroimmune interactions involving galectin-3, released from microglia in the brain, mediates the post-stroke pro-inflammatory response. We investigated possible consequences of stroke on the enteric nervous system and the involvement of galectin-3. We show that permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (pMCAO) induces loss of enteric neurons in ileum and colon in galectin-3(+/+), but not in galectin-3(-/-), mice. In vitro we show that serum from galectin-3(+/+), but not from galectin-3(-/-), mice subjected to pMCAO, caused loss of C57BL/6J myenteric neurons, while myenteric neurons derived from TLR4(-/-) mice were unaffected...
2016: Scientific Reports
Vasanth Thamodaran, Alexander W Bruce
During mouse preimplantation embryo development, the classically described second cell-fate decision involves the specification and segregation, in blastocyst inner cell mass (ICM), of primitive endoderm (PrE) from pluripotent epiblast (EPI). The active role of fibroblast growth factor (Fgf) signalling during PrE differentiation, particularly in the context of Erk1/2 pathway activation, is well described. However, we report that p38 family mitogen-activated protein kinases (namely p38α/Mapk14 and p38β/Mapk11; referred to as p38-Mapk14/11) also participate in PrE formation...
September 2016: Open Biology
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