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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420426/a-population-based-study-of-complications-after-colorectal-surgery-in-patients-who-have-received-bevacizumab
#1
Nancy N Baxter, Hadas D Fischer, Devon P Richardson, David R Urbach, Chaim M Bell, Paula Rochon, Anthony Brade, Craig C Earle
BACKGROUND: Patients receiving Bevacizumab, a vascular endothelial growth factor inhibitor used to treat metastatic colorectal cancer, may be at greater risk of complications after colorectal surgery because of impaired healing. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe population-based rates of complications of colorectal surgery after Bevacizumab treatment and evaluate the relationship between time since last treatment and risk of complications. DESIGN: This was a population-based retrospective cohort study using administrative and cancer registry data...
March 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410123/cognitive-control-and-midline-theta-adjust-across-multiple-timescales
#2
Lisa K Chinn, Carolyn S Pauker, Edward J Golob
Cognitive control of attention in conflict situations is a basic skill that is vital for goal-oriented behaviors. Behavioral evidence shows that conflict control occurs over successive trials as well as longer time scales of trial blocks, but the relation among time scales as well as their neural mechanisms are unclear. This study used measures of behavior, EEG, and a simple quantitative model to test the hypothesis that conflict control at the block level is not exclusively driven by the control adjustments over successive trials...
February 1, 2018: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375276/multiple-coordination-patterns-in-infant-and-adult-vocalizations
#3
Drew H Abney, Anne S Warlaumont, D Kimbrough Oller, Sebastian Wallot, Christopher T Kello
The study of vocal coordination between infants and adults has led to important insights into the development of social, cognitive, emotional and linguistic abilities. We used an automatic system to identify vocalizations produced by infants and adults over the course of the day for fifteen infants studied longitudinally during the first two years of life. We measured three different types of vocal coordination: coincidence-based, rate-based, and cluster-based. Coincidence-based and rate-based coordination are established measures in the developmental literature...
July 2017: Infancy: the Official Journal of the International Society on Infant Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351729/the-brief-assessment-of-family-functioning-scale-baffs-a-three-item-version-of-the-general-functioning-scale-of-the-family-assessment-device
#4
Abigail K Mansfield, Gabor I Keitner, Thomas Sheeran
The purpose of the present study is to compare results from the 12-item General Functioning Scale (GF-FAD) of the Family Assessment Device (FAD) to a three-item version, the Brief Assessment of Family Functioning Scale (BAFFS), designed to be used when brevity is especially important. We used principal components analysis of the GF-FAD, followed by multiple sample confirmatory factor analyses to test the robustness of the BAFFS in different samples. The BAFFS correlated highly with the GF-FAD, and demonstrated good concurrent validity with another measure of global marital functioning, the Dyadic Adjustment Scale-4 in a help-seeking sample...
January 19, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346394/decision-time-and-confidence-predict-choosers-identification-performance-in-photographic-showups
#5
Melanie Sauerland, Anna Sagana, Siegfried L Sporer, John T Wixted
In vast contrast to the multitude of lineup studies that report on the link between decision time, confidence, and identification accuracy, only a few studies looked at these associations for showups, with results varying widely across studies. We therefore set out to test the individual and combined value of decision time and post-decision confidence for diagnosing the accuracy of positive showup decisions using confidence-accuracy characteristic curves and Bayesian analyses. Three-hundred-eighty-four participants viewed a stimulus event and were subsequently presented with two showups which could be target-present or target-absent...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294686/working-alliance-and-psychopathy-linkages-to-treatment-outcome-in-a-sample-of-treated-sexual-offenders
#6
Danielle R DeSorcy, Mark E Olver, J Stephen Wormith
The present study examined the working alliance, as measured by the full-length Working Alliance Inventory (WAI), and its association with psychopathy, treatment completion, and recidivism in a sample of 111 incarcerated adult male sexual offenders. The men completed the WAI 3 months into their treatment program, while psychopathy was measured via file-based ratings of the Hare's Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R), and outcome data were collected via the Canadian Police Information Centre. The majority (85%) of high PCL-R scoring men (PCL-R 25+) successfully completed their treatment program, and by and large, the men demonstrated strong working alliances with their primary therapists...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284274/the-development-of-a-motor-free-short-form-of-the-wechsler-intelligence-scale-for-children-fifth-edition
#7
Adina M Piovesana, Jessica L Harrison, Jacob J Ducat
PURPOSE: This study aimed to develop a motor-free short-form of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fifth Edition (WISC-V) that allows clinicians to estimate the Full Scale Intelligence Quotients of youths with motor impairments. METHOD: Using the reliabilities and intercorrelations of six WISC-V motor-free subtests, psychometric methodologies were applied to develop look-up tables for four Motor-free Short-form indices: Verbal Comprehension Short-form, Perceptual Reasoning Short-form, Working Memory Short-form, and a Motor-free Intelligence Quotient...
December 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276115/the-cost-effectiveness-of-total-hip-arthroplasty-in-patients-80-years-of-age-and-older
#8
Samuel T Kunkel, Matthew J Sabatino, Ravinder Kang, David S Jevsevar, Wayne E Moschetti
BACKGROUND: This study investigates the cost-effectiveness of total hip arthroplasty (THA) in patients 80 years old. METHODS: A Markov, state-transition model projecting lifetime costs and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) was constructed to determine cost-effectiveness from a societal perspective. Costs (in 2016 US dollars), health state utilities, and state transition probabilities were obtained from published literature. Primary outcome was incremental cost-effectiveness ratio, with a willingness-to-pay threshold of $100,000/QALY...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243402/national-burden-of-hospitalized-and-non-hospitalized-influenza-associated-severe-acute-respiratory-illness-in-kenya-2012-2014
#9
Jeanette A Dawa, Sandra S Chaves, Bryan Nyawanda, Henry N Njuguna, Carolyne Makokha, Nancy A Otieno, Omu Anzala, Marc-Alain Widdowson, Gideon O Emukule
BACKGROUND: Influenza-associated respiratory illness was substantial during the emergence of the 2009 influenza pandemic. Estimates of influenza burden in the post-pandemic period are unavailable to guide Kenyan vaccine policy. OBJECTIVES: To update estimates of hospitalized and non-hospitalized influenza-associated severe acute respiratory illness (SARI) during a post-pandemic period (2012-2014) and describe the incidence of disease by narrow age categories. METHODS: We used data from Siaya County Referral Hospital to estimate age-specific base rates of SARI...
December 15, 2017: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241156/incidence-of-cutaneous-malignant-melanoma-in-iranian-provinces-and-american-states-matched-on-ultraviolet-radiation-exposure-an-ecologic-study
#10
Roxana Moslehi, Nur Zeinomar, Francis P Boscoe
OBJECTIVES: Ultraviolet radiation (UVR), with UVB and UVA as the relevant components, is a risk factor for melanoma. Complete ascertainment and registration of melanoma in Iran was conducted in five provinces (Ardabil, Golestan, Mazandaran, Gilan and Kerman) during 1996-2000. The aim of our study was to compare population-based incidence data from these provinces with rates in the United States (US) while standardizing ambient UVR. METHODS: Population-based rates representing all incident cases of melanoma (1996-2000) across the five Iranian provinces were compared to rates of melanoma among white non-Hispanics in the US...
December 11, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227123/the-importance-of-assessing-for-validity-of-symptom-report-and-performance-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-introduction-to-the-special-section-on-noncredible-presentation-in-adhd
#11
Julie A Suhr, David T R Berry
Invalid self-report and invalid performance occur with high base rates in attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD; Harrison, 2006; Musso & Gouvier, 2014). Although much research has focused on the development and validation of symptom validity tests (SVTs) and performance validity tests (PVTs) for psychiatric and neurological presentations, less attention has been given to the use of SVTs and PVTs in ADHD evaluation. This introduction to the special section describes a series of studies examining the use of SVTs and PVTs in adult ADHD evaluation...
December 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163937/development-and-validation-of-a-simplified-algorithm-for-neonatal-gestational-age-assessment-protocol-for-the-alliance-for-maternal-newborn-health-improvement-amanhi-prospective-cohort-study
#12
Abdullah Baqui, Parvez Ahmed, Sushil Kanta Dasgupta, Nazma Begum, Mahmoodur Rahman, Nasreen Islam, Mohammad Quaiyum, Betty Kirkwood, Karen Edmond, Caitlin Shannon, Samuel Newton, Lisa Hurt, Fyezah Jehan, Imran Nisar, Atiya Hussain, Naila Nadeem, Muhammad Ilyas, Anita Zaidi, Sunil Sazawal, Saikat Deb, Arup Dutta, Usha Dhingra, Said Moh'd Ali, Davidson H Hamer, Katherine Ea Semrau, Marina Straszak-Suri, Caroline Grogan, Godfrey Bemba, Anne Cc Lee, Blair J Wylie, Alexander Manu, Sachiyo Yoshida, Rajiv Bahl
Objective: The objective of the Alliance for Maternal and Newborn Health Improvement (AMANHI) gestational age study is to develop and validate a programmatically feasible and simple approach to accurately assess gestational age of babies after they are born. The study will provide accurate, population-based rates of preterm birth in different settings and quantify the risks of neonatal mortality and morbidity by gestational age and birth weight in five South Asian and sub-Saharan African sites...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156414/schizophrenia-heterogeneity-revisited-clinical-cognitive-and-psychosocial-correlates-of-statistically-derived-negative-symptoms-subgroups
#13
Anthony O Ahmed, Gregory P Strauss, Robert W Buchanan, Brian Kirkpatrick, William T Carpenter
Traditional efforts to delineate the clinical heterogeneity of schizophrenia have been unsuccessful because of the absence of a valid, stable, and meaningful subtyping scheme. A clinically-informed nosology supported by multivariate statistical classification methods may provide a better approach for classifying schizophrenia. The goals of the current study were to 1) use multivariate classification methods to validate a clinical subtyping scheme based on the profile of negative symptoms; and 2) following validation to contrast the statistically-derived subgroups to ascertain distinguishing demographic, clinical, cognitive, and functional characteristics...
November 12, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154624/task-demands-determine-comparison-strategy-in-whole-probe-change-detection
#14
Rob Udale, Simon Farrell, Chris Kent
Detecting a change in our visual world requires a process that compares the external environment (test display) with the contents of memory (study display). We addressed the question of whether people strategically adapt the comparison process in response to different decision loads. Study displays of 3 colored items were presented, followed by 'whole-display' probes containing 3 colored shapes. Participants were asked to decide whether any probed items contained a new feature. In Experiments 1-4, irrelevant changes to the probed item's locations or feature bindings influenced memory performance, suggesting that participants employed a comparison process that relied on spatial locations...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149753/identifying-relapse-prevention-elements-during-psychological-treatment-of-depression-development-of-an-observer-based-rating-instrument
#15
Katja Machmutow, Martin Grosse Holtforth, Tobias Krieger, Birgit Watzke
BACKGROUND: Although observer-rated instruments assessing therapist's adherence to relapse-preventive treatments are available, they do not adequately cover specific relapse-preventive elements that focus on implementation of strategies after terminating treatment. This study describes the development of the KERI-D (Kodierbogen zur Erfassung Rückfallprophylaktischer Interventionen bei Depression/Coding System to Assess Interventions of Relapse Prevention in Depression). The KERI-D is a new observer-based rating tool for acute or continuation/maintenance-phase sessions and assesses relapse-prevention elements including implementation into patient's daily routines...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143542/structure-longitudinal-invariance-and-stability-of-the-child-behavior-checklist-1%C3%A2-5-s-diagnostic-and-statistical-manual-of-mental-disorders-autism-spectrum-disorder-scale-findings-from-generation-r-rotterdam
#16
Leslie A Rescorla, Akhgar Ghassabian, Masha Y Ivanova, Vincent Wv Jaddoe, Frank C Verhulst, Henning Tiemeier
Although the Child Behavior Checklist 1½-5's 12-item Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Autism Spectrum Problems Scale (formerly called Pervasive Developmental Problems scale) has been used in several studies as an autism spectrum disorder screener, the base rate and stability of its items and its measurement model have not been previously studied. We therefore examined the structure, longitudinal invariance, and stability of the Child Behavior Checklist 1½-5's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Autism Spectrum Problems Scale in the diverse Generation R (Rotterdam) sample based on mothers' ratings at 18 months ( n = 4695), 3 years ( n = 4571), and 5 years ( n = 5752)...
November 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136515/associations-between-feelings-of-social-anxiety-and-emotion-perception
#17
Spencer K Lynn, Eric Bui, Susanne S Hoeppner, Emily B O'Day, Sophie A Palitz, Lisa Feldman Barrett, Naomi M Simon
BACKGROUND: Abnormally biased perceptual judgment is a feature of many psychiatric disorders. Thus, individuals with social anxiety disorder are biased to recall or interpret social events negatively. Cognitive behavioral therapy addresses such bias by teaching patients, via verbal instruction, to become aware of and change pathological misjudgment. The present study examined whether targeting verbal instruction to specific decision parameters that influence perceptual judgment may affect changes in anger perception...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122599/impact-of-experience-on-self-assessment-accuracy-of-clinical-colonoscopy-competence
#18
Michael A Scaffidi, Samir C Grover, Heather Carnahan, Rishad Khan, Jennifer M Amadio, Jeffrey J Yu, Callum Dargavel, Nitin Khanna, Simon C Ling, Elaine Yong, Geoffrey C Nguyen, Catharine M Walsh
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Self-assessment is important for life-long learning and a recommended assessment method for endoscopy skills. Prior literature has not investigated self-assessment accuracy of colonoscopic competence in the clinical setting. This study aimed to determine the self-assessment accuracy of novice, intermediate, and experienced endoscopists. METHODS: Novice (performed <50 previous colonoscopies), intermediate (50-500), and experienced (>1000) endoscopists from 5 hospitals each performed a clinical colonoscopy...
November 6, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120276/personality-disorder-features-and-paraphilic-interests-among-undergraduates-differential-relations-and-potential-antecedents
#19
Ashley L Watts, Madeline G Nagel, Robert D Latzman, Scott O Lilienfeld
We examined the relations between: (1) narcissism, psychopathy, DSM-5 personality disorder symptom counts; and (2) paraphilic interests among undergraduates (N = 608). Base rates of paraphilic interests were appreciable. The disinhibition and meanness features of psychopathy and the entitlement and exploitativeness features of narcissism were robustly associated with paraphilic interests, particularly sexual sadism, whereas the boldness features of narcissism and psychopathy were essentially unrelated to these interests...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106578/cancer-risk-in-children-born-after-donor-art
#20
C L Williams, K J Bunch, M F G Murphy, C A Stiller, B J Botting, W H Wallace, M C Davies, A G Sutcliffe
STUDY QUESTION: Do children born after donor ART have an increased risk of developing childhood cancer in comparison to the general population? SUMMARY ANSWER: This study showed no overall increased risk of childhood cancer in individuals born after donor ART. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Most large population-based studies have shown no increase in overall childhood cancer incidence after non-donor ART; however, other studies have suggested small increased risks in specific cancer types, including haematological cancers...
January 1, 2018: Human Reproduction
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