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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933716/self-rated-accuracy-of-rating-of-perceived-exertion-based-load-prescription-in-powerlifters
#1
Eric R Helms, Scott R Brown, Matt R Cross, Adam Storey, John Cronin, Michael C Zourdos
Helms, ER, Brown, SR, Cross, MR, Storey, A, Cronin, J, and Zourdos, MC. Self-rated accuracy of rating of perceived exertion-based load prescription in powerlifters. J Strength Cond Res 31(10): 2938-2943, 2017-This study assessed male (n = 9) and female (n = 3) powerlifters' (18-49 years) ability to select loads using the repetitions in reserve-based rating of perceived exertion (RPE) scale for a single set for squat, bench press, and deadlift. Subjects trained 3× per week. For 3 weeks on nonconsecutive days in the weekly order of hypertrophy (8 repetitions at 8 RPE), power (2 repetitions at 8 RPE), and strength (3 repetitions at 9 RPE), using subject-selected loads intended to match the target RPE...
October 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933237/cross-validation-and-development-of-empirically-derived-adhd-assessment-strategies-insights-from-the-national-longitudinal-study-of-adolescent-health-add-health
#2
Shirag K Shemmassian, Steve S Lee
OBJECTIVE: There is replicated evidence that individual ADHD symptoms differentially predict ADHD diagnostic status, and that non- Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)-based symptom algorithms are superior to DSM criteria for ruling in or ruling out ADHD. However, these findings have been limited to case-control samples, despite the need to replicate them in independent and more representative samples and to increase their generalizability. METHOD: We analyzed the base rates and psychometric properties of ADHD symptoms in the population-based National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health; http://www...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932960/validation-of-the-repetitive-behavior-scale-revised-in-spanish-speakers-participants-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#3
A E Martínez-González, J A Piqueras
Restricted and repetitive behavior (RRB) is one of the two key diagnostic features of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). DSM-5 highlights the importance of severity-based diagnostic modifiers assigned on the basis of intensity of needed supports. Therefore, there is a need for available measures that assess the severity of RRB. The repetitive behavior scale-revised (RBS-R) is probably the most used informant-based rating scale for the assessment of RRB and interests observed in ASD. The present study examined the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the RBS-R in a sample of 233 participants with ASD, aged 3 to 63 years...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893850/age-legislation-and-off-road-vehicle-injuries-in-children
#4
Michael R Flaherty, Toby Raybould, Cassandra M Kelleher, Raghu Seethala, Jarone Lee, Haytham M A Kaafarani, Peter T Masiakos
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In 2010, the Massachusetts Legislature passed a comprehensive law that restricted off-road vehicle (ORV) use by children <14 years old and regulated ORV use by children up to the age of 18 years. We aimed to examine the impact of the 2010 Massachusetts law on the rates of ORV-related injuries. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed of Massachusetts emergency department (ED) and inpatient discharges between 2002 and 2013 as found in the Center for Health Information and Analysis database by using external causes of injury codes specific to ORV-related injuries...
September 11, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859953/a-prospective-comparison-of-live-and-video-based-assessments-of-colonoscopy-performance
#5
Michael Scaffidi, Samir C Grover, Heather Carnahan, Jeffrey J Yu, Elaine Yong, Geoffrey C Nguyen, Simon C Ling, Nitin Khanna, Catharine M Walsh
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Colonoscopy performance is typically assessed by a supervisor in the clinical setting. There are limitations of this approach, however, as it allows for rater bias and increases supervisor workload demand during the procedure. Video-based assessment of recorded procedures has been proposed as a complementary means by which to assess colonoscopy performance. This study sought to investigate the reliability, validity and feasibility of video-based assessments of competence in performing colonoscopy, compared with live assessment...
August 28, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854839/a-danish-adaptation-of-the-boston-naming-test-preliminary-norms-for-older-adults-and-validity-in-mild-alzheimer-s-disease
#6
Kasper Jørgensen, Peter Johannsen, Asmus Vogel
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to develop a Danish adaptation of the Boston Naming Test (BNT) including a shortened 30-item version of the BNT for routine clinical use and two parallel 15-item versions for screening purposes. METHOD: The Danish adaptation of the BNT was based on ranking of items according to difficulty in a sample of older non-patients (n = 99). By selecting those items with the largest discrepancy in difficulty for non-patients compared to a mild Alzheimer's disease (AD) sample (n = 53), the shortened versions of the BNT were developed...
August 30, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838025/-basic-statistical-measures-for-dichotomous-data-formats-risk-odds-logits-relative-risk-odds-ratio
#7
Markus Antonius Wirtz
In rehabilitation science dichotomous data formats are frequently used to indicate or analyze patient characteristics. Although underlying information may be more fine graded, dichotomous or dichotomized data formats like 'yes vs. no', 'salient vs. not salient' or 'capable to work vs. not capable to work' are often adequate information formats for communication or decision making purposes. Definitions and properties of risk, odds and logits - typically applied in rehabilitation research - are outlined as frequency measures of occurrence...
August 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830852/web-based-physician-ratings-for-california-physicians-on-probation
#8
Gregory P Murphy, Mohannad A Awad, E Charles Osterberg, Thomas W Gaither, Thanabhudee Chumnarnsongkhroh, Samuel L Washington, Benjamin N Breyer
BACKGROUND:  Web-based physician ratings systems are a popular tool to help patients evaluate physicians. Websites help patients find information regarding physician licensure, office hours, and disciplinary records along with ratings and reviews. Whether higher patient ratings are associated with higher quality of care is unclear. OBJECTIVE:  The aim of this study was to characterize the impact of physician probation on consumer ratings by comparing website ratings between doctors on probation against matched controls...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826306/performance-on-the-test-of-memory-malingering-is-predicted-by-the-number-of-errors-on-its-first-10-items-on-an-inpatient-epilepsy-monitoring-unit
#9
Jonathan M Grabyan, Robert L Collins, W Alexander Alverson, David K Chen
OBJECTIVE: Performance validity testing is an increasingly vital component of neuropsychological evaluation, though administration of stand-alone performance validity tests (PVTs) can be time-consuming. As the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) is among the most commonly used and researched PVTs, much work has focused on creating abbreviated versions while preserving diagnostic accuracy. A recent addition to this effort, errors on the first 10 items of Trial 1 (TOMMe10), was analyzed for its utility in predicting TOMM performance...
August 22, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816466/a-comparison-of-psychopathology-and-reoffending-in-female-and-male-convicted-firesetters
#10
Lauren Ducat, Troy McEwan, James R P Ogloff
Little is known about the psychopathological or criminal history characteristics of female firesetters, or how often women reoffend by firesetting. The current study is one of the few large-scale longitudinal investigations to compare key psychiatric and offending variables in female and male firesetters who are not incarcerated or known to be mentally disordered. In addition, the study aimed to identify the base rate of recidivism for female firesetters compared with males. The study compared all 143 female and 909 male firesetters convicted of arson and fire-related offenses between 2000 and 2009 in Victoria, Australia...
August 17, 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796512/dimensionality-dependent-electrochemical-kinetics-at-the-single-layer-graphene-electrolyte-interface
#11
R Narayanan, H Yamada, B C Marin, A Zaretski, P R Bandaru
The theories to describe the rate at which electrochemical reactions proceed, to date, do not consider explicitly the dimensionality or the discreteness and occupancy of the energy levels of the electrodes. We show experimentally that such quantum mechanical aspects are important for dimensionally confined nanostructured materials and yield unusual variation of the kinetic rate constants with applied voltage in single-layer graphene. The observed divergence from conventional electrokinetics was ascribed to the linear energy dispersion as well as a nonzero density of states at the Dirac point in the graphene...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782977/using-the-comparison-curve-fix-index-ccfi-in-taxometric-analyses-averaging-curves-standard-errors-and-ccfi-profiles
#12
John Ruscio, Lauren M Carney, Lindsay Dever, Melissa Pliskin, Shirley B Wang
Determining whether a construct is more appropriately conceptualized and assessed in a categorical or a dimensional manner has received considerable research attention in recent years. There are a variety of statistical techniques to address this empirically, and Meehl's (1995) taxometric method has been among the most widely used methods applied to constructs in the areas of personality and psychopathology. In taxometric analysis, the comparison curve fit index (CCFI; Ruscio, Ruscio, & Meron, 2007) is an objective measure of whether parallel analysis of categorical or dimensional comparison data better reproduce empirical data results...
August 7, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765084/surveillance-of-high-grade-cervical-cancer-precursors-cin-iii-ais-in-four-population-based-cancer-registries-united-states-2009-2012
#13
Meg Watson, Ashwini Soman, Elaine W Flagg, Elizabeth Unger, Dennis Deapen, Vivien W Chen, Lauren C Peres, Glenn Copeland, Thomas C Tucker, Erin Garnett, Mona Saraiya
Surveillance of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade III (CIN III) and adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS) is important for determining the burden of a preventable disease, identifying effects of vaccination on future diagnoses, and developing targeted programs. We analyzed population-based rates of high-grade cervical cancer precursor lesions using data from four central cancer registries (diagnosis years 2009-2012 from Louisiana, Kentucky, Michigan, and diagnosis years 2011-2012 from Los Angeles) by age, race, and histology...
October 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747292/do-physicians-respond-to-web-based-patient-ratings-an-analysis-of-physicians-responses-to-more-than-one-million-web-based-ratings-over-a-six-year-period
#14
Martin Emmert, Lisa Sauter, Lisa Jablonski, Uwe Sander, Fatemeh Taheri-Zadeh
BACKGROUND: Physician-rating websites (PRWs) may lead to quality improvements in case they enable and establish a peer-to-peer communication between patients and physicians. Yet, we know little about whether and how physicians respond on the Web to patient ratings. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe trends in physicians' Web-based responses to patient ratings over time, to identify what physician characteristics influence Web-based responses, and to examine the topics physicians are likely to respond to...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746950/-bayes-theorem-and-base-rate-error-on-the-predictive-value-of-risk-factors-and-screening-tests
#15
Markus Antonius Wirtz
Regularly, risk assessments or decisions are based on dichotomous characteristics or measures. For instance, critical high values in screening tests may indicate an enhanced risk of having a disease. The prevalence of a risk factor (e. g. high blood pressure, depression) may indicate the need of a medical treatment or the occurrence of a negative consequence (e. g. early retirement). In such situations risk assessments are typically based on conditional event rates or conditional event probabilities: What is the risk of having a disease under the condition of having a symptom, risk factor or a critical screening indication? The valid interpretation of conditional event rates poses a considerable challenge for practitioners as well as for rehabilitation patients...
July 26, 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706499/valence-dependent-belief-updating-computational-validation
#16
Bojana Kuzmanovic, Lionel Rigoux
People tend to update beliefs about their future outcomes in a valence-dependent way: they are likely to incorporate good news and to neglect bad news. However, belief formation is a complex process which depends not only on motivational factors such as the desire for favorable conclusions, but also on multiple cognitive variables such as prior beliefs, knowledge about personal vulnerabilities and resources, and the size of the probabilities and estimation errors. Thus, we applied computational modeling in order to test for valence-induced biases in updating while formally controlling for relevant cognitive factors...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688968/are-surgical-milestone-assessments-predictive-of-in-training-examination-scores
#17
Mary K Kimbrough, Carol R Thrush, Emily Barrett, Frederick R Bentley, Kevin W Sexton
OBJECTIVES: With the recent utilization of Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education developmental milestones as part of resident evaluation, we sought to explore whether milestone-based ratings were associated with American Board of Surgery In-Training Examination (ABSITE) scores. METHODS: Mid-year milestone ratings were obtained from the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Accreditation Database System for years 2014, 2015, and 2016 for all postgraduate years 1-5 general surgery residents in our program and paired with ABSITE scores (n = 69) from January of the following year...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679302/an-evidence-based-approach-to-the-creation-of-normative-data-base-rates-of-impaired-scores-within-a-brief-neuropsychological-battery-argue-for-age-corrections-but-against-corrections-for-medical-conditions
#18
Megan E O'Connell, Holly Tuokko, Stacey Voll, Martine Simard, Lauren E Griffith, Vanessa Taler, Christina Wolfson, Susan Kirkland, Parminder Raina
OBJECTIVE: We detail a new approach to the creation of normative data for neuropsychological tests. The traditional approach to normative data creation is to make demographic adjustments based on observations of correlations between single neuropsychological tests and selected demographic variables. We argue, however, that this does not describe the implications for clinical practice, such as increased likelihood of misclassification of cognitive impairment, nor does it elucidate the impact on decision-making with a neuropsychological battery...
August 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673660/the-rapid-ii-neuropsychological-test-battery-for-subjects-aged-20-to-49-years-norms-and-cognitive-profile
#19
M Binetruy, F Mauny, M Lavaux, A Meyer, G Sylvestre, M Puyraveau, E Berger, E Magnin, P Vandel, J Galmiche, G Chopard
INTRODUCTION: Cognitive evaluation of young subjects is now widely carried out for non-traumatic diseases such as multiple sclerosis, HIV, or sleep disorders. This evaluation requires normative data based on healthy adult samples. However, most clinicians use a set of tests that were normed in an isolated manner from different samples using different cutoff criteria. Thus, the score of an individual may be considered either normal or impaired according to the norms used. It is well established that healthy adults obtained low-test scores when a battery of tests is administered...
June 30, 2017: Revue Neurologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669246/calculating-theoretical-base-rates-of-score-differences
#20
Tianshu Pan, Jianjun Zhu, Troy Courville
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we developed new methods to calculate theoretical base rates of score differences when more than two test scores are involved in score comparisons. The study compares the results of theoretical and observed base rates, and then explores whether these methods can be used in practice. METHODS: We proposed the formulas and the Monte Carlo methods calculating theoretical base rates of score differences between a single test score and a mean of several test scores by overall sample and subsamples...
July 3, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
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