keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

likelihood ratios test

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447870/does-specialized-inpatient-rehabilitation-affect-whether-or-not-people-with-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-return-home
#1
Christiana L Cheng, Tova Plashkes, Tian Shen, Nader Fallah, Suzanne Humphreys, Colleen O'Connell, A Gary Linassi, Chester Ho, Christine Short, Karen Ethans, Rebecca Charbonneau, Jérôme Paquet, Vanessa K Noonan
Return to living at home is an important patient-reported outcome following traumatic spinal cord injury (tSCI). Specialized inpatient rehabilitation assists such patients in maximizing function and independence. Our project aim was to describe those patients receiving specialized rehabilitation after tSCI in Canada, and to determine if such rehabilitation improved the likelihood of returning home. This cohort study utilized data from RHSCIR to identify patients with tSCI discharged from 1 of 18 participating acute specialized spine facilities between 2011-2015 to either 1 of 13 participating specialized rehabilitation facilities, or another discharge destination...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446960/primary-care-screening-questionnaire-for-depression-reliability-and-validity-of-a-new-four-item-tool
#2
Pillaveetil Sathyadas Indu, Thekkethayyil Viswanathan Anilkumar, Ramdas Pisharody, Paul Swamidhas Sudhakar Russell, Damodaran Raju, P Sankara Sarma, Saradamma Remadevi, K R Leela Itty Amma, A Sheelamoni, Chittaranjan Andrade
BACKGROUND: Unidentified depression in primary care is a public health concern, globally. There is a need for brief, valid and easily administered tools in primary care. AIMS: To estimate reliability and validity of the newly developed Primary care Screening Questionnaire for Depression (PSQ4D), a four-item tool, with 'yes' or 'no' options. METHOD: PSQ4D was administered verbally (time required, <1 min) by primary care physicians to adult outpatients (n=827) in six primary care settings in Kerala, India...
March 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444819/antenatal-maternal-hepatitis-b-care-is-a-predictor-of-timely-perinatal-administration-of-hepatitis-b-immunoglobulin
#3
Suong Tt Le, Lukas Sahhar, Stephanie Spring, William Sievert, Anouk T Dev
BACKGROUND: Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of hepatitis B virus continues to occur despite universal recommendations for neonatal immune prophylaxis therapy (IPT) and infant vaccination. AIM: To characterise the risk factors for failure to provide timely IPT and completion of the infant hepatitis B vaccination schedule for children born to mothers with Chronic Hepatitis B (CHB). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study to assess compliance with universal guidelines for neonatal IPT for children born to CHB mothers at Monash Health, Australia from 2008 to 2013...
April 26, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443247/evaluation-of-a-new-ifn-%C3%AE-release-assay-for-rapid-diagnosis-of-active-tuberculosis-in-a-high-incidence-setting
#4
Gen Li, Feng Li, Hui-Min Zhao, Han-Li Wen, Hai-Cong Li, Chun-Ling Li, Ping Ji, Peng Xu, Kang Wu, Zhi-Dong Hu, Shui-Hua Lu, Douglas B Lowrie, Jian-Xin Lv, Xiao-Yong Fan
Blood-based interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) release assays (IGRAs) have been proven to be useful in the diagnosis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infection. However, IGRAs have not been recommended for clinical practice in most low-income settings due to cost-intensive limitations and shortage of clinical data available. The established T-SPOT. TB assay containing Mtb-specific antigens ESAT-6 and CFP10 are widely used for immunodiagonsis of Mtb infection, but the high cost is one of the restricting factors against its clinical application in the developing countries...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442805/proton-pump-inhibitors-are-associated-with-a-reduced-likelihood-for-sexually-transmitted-diseases-in-women-in-the-emergency-department
#5
Johnathan Michael Sheele, Nathan Morris, Donald Byars, Frank Counselman
BACKGROUND: Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) have been shown in cell culture to kill Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) at lower half maximal inhibitory concentration values than metronidazole (Flagyl), the most common medication used to treat the infection. However, there have been no previous clinical investigations to determine if PPIs are associated with reduced risk for TV. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined the records of female patients who received testing in the emergency department for TV, Neisseria gonorrhoea (GC), and Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) between 2010 and 2014 at two academic medical centers to determine if PPI and histamine type 2 receptor antagonist (H2RA) drugs were associated with TV and GC/CT infections...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441957/landscape-structure-affects-distribution-of-potential-disease-vectors-diptera-culicidae
#6
Carina Zittra, Simon Vitecek, Adelheid G Obwaller, Heidemarie Rossiter, Barbara Eigner, Thomas Zechmeister, Johann Waringer, Hans-Peter Fuehrer
BACKGROUND: Vector-pathogen dynamics are controlled by fluctuations of potential vector communities, such as the Culicidae. Assessment of mosquito community diversity and, in particular, identification of environmental parameters shaping these communities is therefore of key importance for the design of adequate surveillance approaches. In this study, we assess effects of climatic parameters and habitat structure on mosquito communities in eastern Austria to deliver these highly relevant baseline data...
April 26, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440855/accuracy-of-current-diagnostic-criteria-for-acute-bacterial-infection-in-older-adults-in-the-emergency-department
#7
Jeffrey M Caterino, Robert Leininger, David M Kline, Lauren T Southerland, Salman Khaliqdina, Christopher W Baugh, Daniel J Pallin, Kurt B Stevenson
OBJECTIVES: To compare the accuracy of the Loeb criteria, emergency department (ED) physicians' diagnoses, and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guidelines for acute bacterial infection in older adults with a criterion standard expert review. DESIGN: Prospective, observational study. SETTING: Urban, tertiary-care ED. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 65 and older in the ED, excluding those who were incarcerated, underwent a trauma, did not speak English, or were unable to consent...
April 25, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438510/disparities-in-the-management-of-patients-with-stage-i-small-cell-lung-carcinoma-sclc-a-surveillance-epidemiology-and-end-results-seer-analysis
#8
Zaheer Ahmed, Lara Kujtan, Kevin F Kennedy, John R Davis, Janakiraman Subramanian
INTRODUCTION: Patients with stage I small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) are candidates for surgery; however, not much is known regarding the utilization of surgical resection in the management of stage I SCLC and the factors that determine the patient's ability to receive surgery. METHODS: The Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results database was used to identify patients with stage I SCLC from 2007 to 2013. Continuous variables were compared with 1-way analysis of variance, and categorical variables were compared with χ(2) testing...
March 30, 2017: Clinical Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438373/geriatric-nutritional-risk-index-as-a-nutritional-and-survival-risk-assessment-tool-in-stable-outpatients-with-systolic-heart-failure
#9
L Sargento, A Vicente Simões, J Rodrigues, S Longo, N Lousada, R Palma Dos Reis
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Malnutrition is frequent in heart failure (HF). However, the best tool for evaluating malnutrition in geriatric patients with HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) is unknown. This study aimed to evaluate the incremental prognostic value of the geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) in stable geriatric outpatients with HFrEF compared with a clinical/laboratory prognostic model. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 143 outpatients with HFrEF, aged >65 years, a LVEF <40%, and who were stable and on optimal therapy were studied...
February 22, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437426/representational-models-a-common-framework-for-understanding-encoding-pattern-component-and-representational-similarity-analysis
#10
Jörn Diedrichsen, Nikolaus Kriegeskorte
Representational models specify how activity patterns in populations of neurons (or, more generally, in multivariate brain-activity measurements) relate to sensory stimuli, motor responses, or cognitive processes. In an experimental context, representational models can be defined as hypotheses about the distribution of activity profiles across experimental conditions. Currently, three different methods are being used to test such hypotheses: encoding analysis, pattern component modeling (PCM), and representational similarity analysis (RSA)...
April 24, 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436211/primary-hpv-testing-verification-a-retrospective-ad-hoc-analysis-of-screening-algorithms-on-women-doubly-tested-for-cytology-and-hpv
#11
Jessica Tracht, Allison Wrenn, Isam-Eldin Eltoum
BACKGROUND: To evaluate human papillomavirus (HPV) testing as a primary screening tool, we retrospectively analyzed data comparing (1) HPV testing to the algorithms of the ATHENA Study: (2) cytology alone, (3) cytology with ASCUS triage in women 25-29 and (4) cotesting ≥ 30 or (5) cotesting ≥ 25. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data from women tested with both cytology and HPV testing from 2010 to 2013. Cumulative risk (CR) for CIN3+ was calculated...
April 23, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435236/activities-specific-balance-confidence-scale-for-predicting-future-falls-in-indian-older-adults
#12
Jamal Ali Moiz, Vishal Bansal, Majumi M Noohu, Shailendra Nath Gaur, Mohammad Ejaz Hussain, Shahnawaz Anwer, Ahmad Alghadir
BACKGROUND: Activities-specific balance confidence (ABC) scale is a subjective measure of confidence in performing various ambulatory activities without falling or experiencing a sense of unsteadiness. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the ability of the Hindi version of the ABC scale (ABC-H scale) to discriminate between fallers and non-fallers and to examine its predictive validity for prospective falls. DESIGN: This was a prospective cohort study...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434654/compulsive-addiction-like-aggressive-behavior-in-mice
#13
Sam A Golden, Conor Heins, Marco Venniro, Daniele Caprioli, Michelle Zhang, David H Epstein, Yavin Shaham
BACKGROUND: Some people are highly motivated to seek aggressive encounters, and among those who have been incarcerated for such behavior, recidivism rates are high. These observations echo two core features of drug addiction: high motivation to seek addictive substances, despite adverse consequences, and high relapse rates. Here we used established rodent models of drug addiction to determine whether they would be sensitive to "addiction-like" features of aggression in CD-1 mice. METHODS: In experiments 1 and 2, we trained older CD-1 mice to lever press for opportunities to attack younger C57BL6/J mice...
March 17, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433373/preimplantation-genetic-diagnosis-for-aneuploidy-testing-in-women-older-than-44-years-a-multicenter-experience
#14
Filippo Maria Ubaldi, Danilo Cimadomo, Antonio Capalbo, Alberto Vaiarelli, Laura Buffo, Elisabetta Trabucco, Susanna Ferrero, Elena Albani, Laura Rienzi, Paolo E Levi Setti
OBJECTIVE: To report laboratory and clinical outcomes in preimplantation genetic diagnosis for aneuploidies (PGD-A) cycles for women 44 to 47 years old. DESIGN: Multicenter, longitudinal, observational study. SETTING: In vitro fertilization (IVF) centers. PATIENT(S): One hundred and thirty-seven women aged 44.7 ± 0.7 years (range: 44.0-46.7) undergoing 150 PGD-A cycles during April 2013 to January 2016. INTERVENTION(S): Quantitative polymerase chain reaction-based PGD-A on trophectoderm biopsies and cryopreserved euploid single-embryo transfer (SET)...
April 19, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431860/predictive-value-of-perfusion-defects-on-dual-energy-cta-in-the-absence-of-thromboembolic-clots
#15
Richard A P Takx, Thomas Henzler, U Joseph Schoepf, Thomas Germann, Stefan O Schoenberg, Aysel Shirinova, Ralf W Bauer, Claudia Frellesen, Long Jiang Zhang, John W Nance, Christian Fink, Paul Apfaltrer
BACKGROUND: To determine the predictive value of volumetrically measured lung perfusion defects (PDvol) and right ventricular dysfunction on dual-energy computed tomography angiography (DE-CTA) for predicting all cause mortality in patients suspected of pulmonary embolism (PE) but without evident thromboembolic clot on CTA. METHODS: 448 patients underwent DE-CTA on a 64-channel DSCT system between January 2007 and December 2012 for suspected PE, of which 115 were without detectable thromboembolic clot on CTA...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429825/validation-of-the-mds-research-criteria-for-prodromal-parkinson-s-disease-longitudinal-assessment-in-a-rem-sleep-behavior-disorder-rbd-cohort
#16
Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad, Jacques Y Montplaisir, Amelie Pelletier, Jean-François Gagnon, Daniela Berg, Ronald B Postuma
BACKGROUND: Recently, the International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society introduced the prodromal criteria for PD. Objectives Our study aimed to examine diagnostic accuracy of the criteria as well as the independence of prodromal markers to predict conversion to PD or dementia with Lewy bodies. METHODS: This prospective cohort study was performed on 121 individuals with rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder who were followed annually for 1 to 12 years...
April 21, 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429157/scenes-as-micro-cultures-examining-heterogeneity-of-hiv-risk-behavior-among-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-toronto-canada
#17
Syed W Noor, Barry D Adam, David J Brennan, David A Moskowitz, Sandra Gardner, Trevor A Hart
Using latent class analysis (LCA), we examined patterns of participation in multiple scenes, how sexual risk practices vary by scene, and psychosocial factors associated with these patterns among 470 gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBM) recruited from Toronto. We calculated posterior probability of being in a class from participation in nine separate scenes. We used Entropy, the Bayesian information criterion and the Lo-Mendel-Rubin likelihood ratio test to identify the best fit model. Fit indices suggested a four-class solution...
April 20, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427954/colorectal-cancer-screening-initiation-after-age-50-years-in-an-organized-program
#18
Stacey A Fedewa, Douglas A Corley, Christopher D Jensen, Wei Zhao, Michael Goodman, Ahmedin Jemal, Kevin C Ward, Theodore R Levin, Chyke A Doubeni
INTRODUCTION: Recent studies report racial disparities among individuals in organized colorectal cancer (CRC) programs; however, there is a paucity of information on CRC screening utilization by race/ethnicity among newly age-eligible adults in such programs. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study among Kaiser Permanente Northern California enrollees who turned age 50 years between 2007 and 2012 (N=138,799) and were served by a systemwide outreach and facilitated in-reach screening program based primarily on mailed fecal immunochemical tests to screening-eligible people...
April 17, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427781/smoking-increases-the-likelihood-of-helicobacter-pylori-treatment-failure
#19
David Itskoviz, Doron Boltin, Haim Leibovitzh, Tsachi Tsadok Perets, Doron Comaneshter, Arnon Cohen, Yaron Niv, Zohar Levi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Data regarding the impact of smoking on the success of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication are conflicting, partially due to the fact that sociodemographic status is associated with both smoking and H. pylori treatment success. We aimed to assess the effect of smoking on H. pylori eradication rates after controlling for sociodemographic confounders. METHODS: Included were subjects aged 15 years or older, with a first time positive C(13)-urea breath test (C(13)-UBT) between 2007 to 2014, who underwent a second C(13)-UBT after receiving clarithromycin-based triple therapy...
March 27, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424050/in-the-quest-for-degenerative-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-etiology-the-schmorl-s-nodes-model
#20
Janan Abbas, Viviane Slon, Dan Stein, Natan Peled, Israel Hershkovitz, Kamal Hamoud
BACKGROUND: Degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis (DLSS) is a common health problem in the elderly and usually associated with three-joint complex degeneration. Schmorl's nodes (SNs) are described as vertical herniation of the disc into the vertebral body through a weakened part of the end plate that can lead to disc degeneration. Since SNs can harm the spine unit stability, the association between DLSS and SNs is expected. The aim of this study is to shed light on the relationship between degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis and SNs...
April 20, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
keyword
keyword
101522
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"