keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

likelihood ratios test

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096871/the-structured-clinical-interview-for-dsm-5-internet-gaming-disorder-development-and-validation-for-diagnosing-igd-in-adolescents
#1
Hoon Jung Koo, Doug Hyun Han, Sung-Yong Park, Jung-Hye Kwon
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop and validate a Structured Clinical Interview for Internet Gaming Disorder (SCI-IGD) in adolescents. METHODS: First, we generated preliminary items of the SCI-IGD based on the information from the DSM-5 literature reviews and expert consultations. Next, a total of 236 adolescents, from both community and clinical settings, were recruited to evaluate the psychometric properties of the SCI-IGD. RESULTS: First, the SCI-IGD was found to be consistent over the time period of about one month...
January 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096482/chronic-disease-management-interventions-for-people-with-chronic-kidney-disease-in-primary-care-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Lauren Galbraith, Casey Jacobs, Brenda R Hemmelgarn, Maoliosa Donald, Braden Manns, Min Jun
BACKGROUND: Primary care providers manage the majority of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), although the most effective chronic disease management (CDM) strategies for these patients are unknown. We assessed the efficacy of CDM interventions used by primary care providers managing patients with CKD. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE and CENTRAL were systematically searched (inception to November 2014) for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing education-based and computer-assisted CDM interventions targeting primary care providers managing patients with CKD in the community...
January 16, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095794/development-of-an-algorithm-for-phenotypic-screening-of-carbapenemase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-in-the-routine-laboratory
#3
Jérôme Robert, Alix Pantel, Audrey Merens, Elodie Meiller, Jean-Philippe Lavigne, Marie-Hélène Nicolas-Chanoine
BACKGROUND: Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) are difficult to identify among carbapenem non-susceptible Enterobacteriaceae (NSE). We designed phenotypic strategies giving priority to high sensitivity for screening putative CPE before further testing. METHODS: Presence of carbapenemase-encoding genes in ertapenem NSE (MIC > 0.5 mg/l) consecutively isolated in 80 French laboratories between November 2011 and April 2012 was determined by the Check-MDR-CT103 array method...
January 17, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094211/likelihood-of-unacceptable-normal-tissue-doses-in-breast-cancer-patients-undergoing-regional-nodal-irradiation-in-routine-clinical-practice
#4
Jose Bazan, Dominic DiCostanzo, Karla Kuhn, Lonika Majithia, Allison Quick, Nilendu Gupta, Julia White
PURPOSE: As indications for regional nodal irradiation (RNI) for breast cancer have expanded, so too has scrutiny over potential late toxicity from radiotherapy. This emphasizes the need for careful radiation treatment planning to maximize the therapeutic ratio. We sought to evaluate how often unacceptable doses (UDs) to organs at risk (OARs) occur and the associated factors for patients receiving RNI in daily practice. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Treatment records of patients who received RNI from February 2012 to May 2015 were studied...
October 19, 2016: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088775/diagnostic-accuracy-of-glycated-hemoglobin-for-post-transplantation-diabetes-mellitus-after-kidney-transplantation-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Ana Laura Pimentel, Gabriela Cavagnolli, Joíza Lins Camargo
BACKGROUND: Early detection of post-transplantation diabetes mellitus (PTDM) allows prompt clinical and pharmacological interventions, reducing the chance of adverse outcomes. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the overall diagnostic accuracy of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) for the diagnosis of renal PTDM. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Embase and SCOPUS up to June 2016. Studies that included adults without previous diabetes were selected if they reported an oral glucose tolerance test as a reference test, HbA1c levels measured by standardized methods and data necessary for drawing 2 × 2 tables...
January 14, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088739/the-effects-of-rurality-on-substance-use-disorder-diagnosis-a-multiple-groups-latent-class-analysis
#6
Billy Brooks, Matthew McBee, Robert Pack, Arsham Alamian
BACKGROUND: Rates of accidental overdose mortality from substance use disorder (SUD) have risen dramatically in the United States since 1990. Between 1999 and 2004 alone rates increased 62% nationwide, with rural overdose mortality increasing at a rate 3 times that seen in urban populations. Cultural differences between rural and urban populations (e.g., educational attainment, unemployment rates, social characteristics, etc.) affect the nature of SUD, leading to disparate risk of overdose across these communities...
January 6, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088510/association-between-nocturnal-blood-pressure-dips-and-optic-disc-hemorrhage-in-patients-with-normal-tension-glaucoma
#7
Junki Kwon, Jinyoung Lee, Jaewan Choi, Dawoon Jeong, Michael S Kook
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of nocturnal blood pressure (BP) dips on the occurrence of optic disc hemorrhage (ODH) in normal-tension glaucoma (NTG) patients and determine whether ODH is associated with greater likelihood of visual field progression (VFP). DESIGN: Prospective case-control study. METHODS: This study enrolled 698 eyes of 349 consecutive NTG patients who were ≥40 years old, underwent 24 hour intraocular pressure and ambulatory BP monitoring in the habitual position, were examined for ODH every 4-6 months with optic disc photography, and had ≥ five reliable VF tests with minimum follow-up of 3 years...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088508/relationship-between-central-retinal-vessel-trunk-location-and-visual-field-loss-in-glaucoma
#8
Mengyu Wang, Hui Wang, Louis R Pasquale, Neda Baniasadi, Lucy Q Shen, Peter J Bex, Tobias Elze
PURPOSE: To study the relationship between horizontal central retinal vessel trunk location (CRVTL) on glaucomatous optic discs and sector-specific visual field (VF) loss. DESIGN: Retrospective, cross-sectional study. METHODS: CRVTL of 421 eyes from 421 patients was manually tracked on the horizontal optic disc axis on fundus images. Focal circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (cpRNFLT) measurements were extracted from optical coherence tomography (OCT)...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087804/clinical-selection-strategies-to-identify-ischemic-stroke-patients-with-large-anterior-vessel-occlusion-results-from-sits-istr-safe-implementation-of-thrombolysis-in-stroke-international-stroke-thrombolysis-registry
#9
Jan F Scheitz, Azmil H Abdul-Rahim, Rachael L MacIsaac, Charith Cooray, Heidi Sucharew, Dawn Kleindorfer, Pooja Khatri, Joseph P Broderick, Heinrich J Audebert, Niaz Ahmed, Nils Wahlgren, Matthias Endres, Christian H Nolte, Kennedy R Lees
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) correlates with presence of large anterior vessel occlusion (LAVO). However, the application of the full NIHSS in the prehospital setting to select patients eligible for treatment with thrombectomy is limited. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of simple clinical selection strategies. METHODS: Data from the Safe Implementation of Thrombolysis in Stroke International Stroke Thrombolysis Registry (January 2012-May 2014) were analyzed retrospectively...
January 13, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081515/distinguishing-subpopulations-of-marijuana-users-with-latent-profile-analysis
#10
Matthew R Pearson, Adrian J Bravo, Bradley T Conner
BACKGROUND: Although marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug in the United States, little is known about the effects of typical marijuana use patterns and whether there are distinct subgroups of marijuana users. METHODS: The present study used latent profile analysis to determine the number of distinct subgroups of marijuana users in a large sample of college students (n=2129 past month marijuana users across 11 universities). We also examined how these distinct groups differ on several putative risk/protective factors (e...
November 23, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081234/racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-influenza-vaccination-among-adults-with-chronic-medical-conditions-vary-by-age-in-the-united-states
#11
Degan Lu, Yanru Qiao, Natalie E Brown, Junling Wang
BACKGROUND: People living with chronic health conditions exhibit higher risk for developing severe complications from influenza according to the Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention. Although racial and ethnic disparities in influenza vaccination have been documented, it has not been comprehensively determined whether similar disparities are present among the adult population with at least one such condition. OBJECTIVE: To study if racial and ethnic disparities in relation to influenza vaccination are present in adults suffering from at least one chronic condition and if such inequalities differ between age groups...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076648/latent-class-profile-of-psychiatric-symptoms-and-treatment-utilization-in-a-sample-of-patients-with-co-occurring-disorders
#12
Luis Villalobos-Gallegos, Rodrigo Marín-Navarrete, Calos Roncero, Hugo González-Cantú
Objective: To identify symptom-based subgroups within a sample of patients with co-occurring disorders (CODs) and to analyze intersubgroup differences in mental health services utilization. Methods: Two hundred and fifteen patients with COD from an addiction clinic completed the Symptom Checklist 90-Revised. Subgroups were determined using latent class profile analysis. Services utilization data were collected from electronic records during a 3-year span. Results: The five-class model obtained the best fit (Bayesian information criteria [BIC] = 3,546...
January 9, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076308/measurements-of-serum-non-ceruloplasmin-copper-by-a-direct-fluorescent-method-specific-to-cu-ii
#13
Rosanna Squitti, Mariacristina Siotto, Emanuele Cassetta, Imane Ghafir El Idrissi, Nicola A Colabufo
BACKGROUND: Meta-analyses indicated the breakdown of copper homeostasis in the sporadic form of Alzheimer's disease (AD), comprising copper decreases within the brain and copper increases in the blood and the pool not bound to ceruloplasmin (non-Cp Cu, also known in the literature as "free" copper). The calculated non-Cp Cu (Walshe's) index has many limitations. METHODS: A direct fluorescent method for non-Cp Cu detection has been developed and data are presented herein...
January 11, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074107/frequency-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-infection-in-cervical-intraepithelial-lesions-and-the-status-of-cytological-p16-ki-67-dual-staining
#14
R Robial, A Longatto-Filho, C M Roteli-Martins, M F Silveira, D Stauffert, G G Ribeiro, I M Linhares, M Tacla, M A Zonta, E C Baracat
BACKGROUND: Chlamydia trachomatis (Ct) is not a disease subject to mandatory reporting in Brazil, and the prevalence rate of this genital infection varies according to the region in which studies are conducted, as well as by the detection technique employed. Ct has been associated with persistence of Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and the facilitation of cervical carcinoma development. We evaluated the Chlamydia trachomatis infection and its association with cytology, p16/Ki-67 dual-stained cytology and cervical intraepithelial lesions status in a screening cohort in Brazil...
2017: Infectious Agents and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073795/in-patients-presenting-to-the-emergency-department-with-skin-and-soft-tissue-infections-what-is-the-diagnostic-accuracy-of-point-of-care-ultrasonography-for-the-diagnosis-of-abscess-compared-to-the-current-standard-of-care-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
David Barbic, Jordan Chenkin, Dennis D Cho, Tomislav Jelic, Frank X Scheuermeyer
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this systematic review was to determine the accuracy of point-of-care ultrasonography (POCUS) in diagnosing abscess in emergency department (ED) patients with skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI). The secondary objective was the accuracy of POCUS in the paediatric population subgroup. SETTING: Prospective studies set in emergency departments. PARTICIPANTS: Emergency department patients (adult and paediatric) presenting with SSTI and suspected abscess...
January 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073328/what-constitutes-strong-psychological-science-the-neglected-role-of-diagnosticity-and-a-priori-theorizing
#16
Klaus Fiedler
A Bayesian perspective on Ioannidis's (2005) memorable statement that "Most Published Research Findings Are False" suggests a seemingly inescapable trade-off: It appears as if research hypotheses are based either on safe ground (high prior odds), yielding valid but unsurprising results, or on unexpected and novel ideas (low prior odds), inspiring risky and surprising findings that are inevitably often wrong. Indeed, research of two prominent types, sexy hypothesis testing and model testing, is often characterized by low priors (due to astounding hypotheses and conjunctive models) as well as low-likelihood ratios (due to nondiagnostic predictions of the yin-or-yang type)...
January 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071062/accurate-cut-offs-for-predicting-endoscopic-activity-and-mucosal-healing-in-crohn-s-disease-with-fecal-calprotectin
#17
Juan María Vázquez Morón, Héctor Pallarés Manrique, Francisco H Machancoses, Manuel Ramos Lora, Carlos Ruiz Frutos
BACKGROUND: Fecal biomarkers, especially fecal calprotectin, are useful for predicting endoscopic activity in Crohn's disease; however, the cut-off point remains unclear. The aim of this paper was to analyze whether faecal calprotectin and M2 pyruvate kinase are good tools for generating highly accurate scores for the prediction of the state of endoscopic activity and mucosal healing. METHODS: The simple endoscopic score for Crohn's disease and the Crohn's disease activity index was calculated for 71 patients diagnosed with Crohn's...
January 10, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069186/examining-the-efficacy-of-six-published-time-lapse-imaging-embryo-selection-algorithms-to-predict-implantation-to-demonstrate-the-need-for-the-development-of-specific-in-house-morphokinetic-selection-algorithms
#18
Amy Barrie, Roy Homburg, Garry McDowell, Jeremy Brown, Charles Kingsland, Stephen Troup
OBJECTIVE: To study the efficacy of six embryo-selection algorithms (ESAs) when applied to a large, exclusive set of known implantation embryos. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational analysis. SETTING: Fertility treatment center. PATIENT(S): Women undergoing a total of 884 in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treatment cycles (977 embryos) between September 2014 and September 2015 with embryos cultured using G-TL (Vitrolife) at 5% O2, 89% N2, 6% CO2, at 37°C in EmbryoScope instruments...
January 6, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068779/norepinephrine-transporter-gene-variants-and-remission-from-depression-with-venlafaxine-treatment-in-older-adults
#19
Victoria S Marshe, Malgorzata Maciukiewicz, Soham Rej, Arun K Tiwari, Etienne Sibille, Daniel M Blumberger, Jordan F Karp, Eric J Lenze, Charles F Reynolds, James L Kennedy, Benoit H Mulsant, Daniel J Müller
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to investigate five putatively functional variants of the norepinephrine transporter (SLC6A2, NET) and serotonin transporter (SLC6A4, SERT) genes and remission in depressed older adults treated with venlafaxine. A secondary objective was to analyze 17 other variants in serotonergic system genes (HTR1A, HTR2A, HTR1B, HTR2C, TPH1, TPH2) potentially involved in the mechanism of action of venlafaxine. METHOD: The sample included 350 adults age 60 or older with DSM-IV-defined major depressive disorder and a score of at least 15 on the Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS)...
January 10, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067418/genome-wide-selection-components-analysis-in-a-fish-with-male-pregnancy
#20
Sarah P Flanagan, Adam G Jones
A major goal of evolutionary biology is to identify the genome-level targets of natural and sexual selection. With the advent of next-generation sequencing, whole-genome selection components analysis provides a promising avenue in the search for loci affected by selection in nature. Here, we implement a genome-wide selection components analysis in the sex-role-reversed Gulf pipefish, Syngnathus scovelli. Our approach involves a double-digest restriction-site associated DNA sequencing (ddRAD-seq) technique, applied to adult females, non-pregnant males, pregnant males and their offspring...
January 9, 2017: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
keyword
keyword
101522
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"