keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Marine Science

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718925/a-historical-review-of-the-key-bacterial-and-viral-pathogens-of-scottish-wild-fish
#1
REVIEW
I S Wallace, P McKay, A G Murray
Thousands of Scottish wild fish were screened for pathogens by Marine Scotland Science. A systematic review of published and unpublished data on six key pathogens (Renibacterium salmoninarum, Aeromonas salmonicida, IPNV, ISAV, SAV and VHSV) found in Scottish wild and farmed fish was undertaken. Despite many reported cases in farmed fish, there was a limited number of positive samples from Scottish wild fish, however, there was evidence for interactions between wild and farmed fish. A slightly elevated IPNV prevalence was reported in wild marine fish caught close to Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Fish Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710502/indicators-of-marine-pollution-in-the-north-pacific-ocean
#2
Tanya M Brown, Hideshige Takada
The complex nature of ocean pollution underscores the utility in identifying and characterizing a limited number of "indicators" that enables scientists and managers to track trends over space and time. This paper introduces a special issue on indicators of marine pollution in the North Pacific Ocean and builds on a scientific session that was held at the North Pacific Marine Science Organization. The special issue highlights studies using a variety of indicators to provide insight into the identification of legacy and emerging contaminants, the ranking of priority pollutants from various sources, and the effects of contaminants on ecosystem health in the North Pacific Ocean...
July 14, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697977/potential-biomedical-applications-of-marine-algae
#3
REVIEW
Hui-Min David Wang, Xiao-Chun Li, Duu-Jong Lee, Jo-Shu Chang
Functional components extracted from algal biomass are widely used as dietary and health supplements with a variety of applications in food science and technology. In contrast, the applications of algae in dermal-related products have received much less attention, despite that algae also possess high potential for the uses in anti-infection, anti-aging, skin-whitening, and skin tumor treatments. This review, therefore, focuses on integrating studies on algae pertinent to human skin care, health and therapy...
June 3, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695264/marine-environmental-emergencies-in-the-north-pacific-ocean-lessons-learned-from-recent-oil-spills
#4
EDITORIAL
Un Hyuk Yim, Jeffrey Short
Increasing marine vessel traffic, and oil and gas exploration and development throughout the North Pacific basin brings increasing risks of oil spills. Recognizing the serious challenges presented to response authorities, this Special Issue was organized by the North Pacific Marine Science Organization to provide an introduction to the current state of scientific understanding regarding the environmental effects of oil spills. Because interactions of spilled oils with biota and their habitats are complex, the most serious environmental damages from these spills are not necessarily those of greatest immediate concern by the public...
July 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692688/addressing-uncertainty-in-modelling-cumulative-impacts-within-maritime-spatial-planning-in-the-adriatic-and-ionian-region
#5
Elena Gissi, Stefano Menegon, Alessandro Sarretta, Federica Appiotti, Denis Maragno, Andrea Vianello, Daniel Depellegrin, Chiara Venier, Andrea Barbanti
Maritime spatial planning (MSP) is envisaged as a tool to apply an ecosystem-based approach to the marine and coastal realms, aiming at ensuring that the collective pressure of human activities is kept within acceptable limits. Cumulative impacts (CI) assessment can support science-based MSP, in order to understand the existing and potential impacts of human uses on the marine environment. A CI assessment includes several sources of uncertainty that can hinder the correct interpretation of its results if not explicitly incorporated in the decision-making process...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678615/the-future-of-nutrition-nutrigenomics-and-nutrigenetics-in-obesity-and-cardiovascular-diseases
#6
Alicia Cristina Peña-Romero, Diana Navas-Carrillo, Francisco Marín, Esteban Orenes-Piñero
Over time, the relationship between diet and health has aroused great interest, since nutrition can prevent and treat several diseases. It has been demonstrated that general recommendations on macronutrients and micronutrients do not affect to every individual in the same way because diet is an important environmental factor that interacts with genes. Thus, there is a growing necessity of improving a personalized nutrition to treat obesity and associated medical conditions, taking into account the interactions between diet, genes and health...
July 5, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672802/bioethical-considerations-of-advancing-the-application-of-marine-biotechnology-and-aquaculture
#7
Reginal M Harrell
Normative ethical considerations of growth of the marine biotechnology and aquaculture disciplines in biopharming, food production, and marine products commercialization from a bioethical perspective have been limited. This paucity of information begs the question of what constitutes a bioethical approach (i.e., respect for individuals or autonomy; beneficence, nonmaleficence, and justice) to marine biotechnology and aquaculture, and whether it is one that is appropriate for consideration. Currently, thoughtful discussion on the bioethical implications of use, development, and commercialization of marine organisms or their products, as well as potential environmental effects, defaults to human biomedicine as a model...
June 24, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662154/how-minimal-executive-feedback-influences-creative-idea-generation
#8
Hicham Ezzat, Anaëlle Camarda, Mathieu Cassotti, Marine Agogué, Olivier Houdé, Benoît Weil, Pascal Le Masson
The fixation effect is known as one of the most dominant of the cognitive biases against creativity and limits individuals' creative capacities in contexts of idea generation. Numerous techniques and tools have been established to help overcome these cognitive biases in various disciplines ranging from neuroscience to design sciences. Several works in the developmental cognitive sciences have discussed the importance of inhibitory control and have argued that individuals must first inhibit the spontaneous ideas that come to their mind so that they can generate creative solutions to problems...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610114/diversity-of-sternaspidae-annelida-terebellida-in-the-south-china-sea-%C3%A2-with-descriptions-of-four-new-species
#9
Xuwen Wu, Kuidong Xu
Sternaspidae is one of the most common groups of polychaetes in the South China Sea, where however, the knowledge of its diversity and distribution is insufficiently understood and reports of the European species Sternaspis scutata are misidentifications. Based on the examination of material deposited in the Marine Biological Museum of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, we made a comprehensive investigation on the sternaspid polychaetes in the northern South China Sea. Five species belonging to two genera are described: Petersenaspis salazari sp...
March 20, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602093/particle-deposition-kinetics-of-colloidal-suspensions-in-microchannels-at-high-ionic-strength
#10
Cesare M Cejas, Fabrice Monti, Marine Truchet, Jean-Pierre Burnouf, Patrick Tabeling
Despite its considerable practical importance, the deposition of real Brownian particles transported in a channel by a liquid, at small Reynolds numbers, has never been described at a comprehensive level. Here, by coupling microfluidic experiments, theory, and numerics, we succeed in unravelling the problem for the case of straight channels at high salinity. We discover a broad regime of deposition (the van der Waals regime) in which particle-wall van der Waals interactions govern the deposition mechanism. We determine the range of existence of the regime, for which we calculate the concentration profiles, retention profiles, and deposition kinetics analytically...
June 21, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596615/assessing-national-biodiversity-trends-for-rocky-and-coral-reefs-through-the-integration-of-citizen-science-and-scientific-monitoring-programs
#11
Rick D Stuart-Smith, Graham J Edgar, Neville S Barrett, Amanda E Bates, Susan C Baker, Nicholas J Bax, Mikel A Becerro, Just Berkhout, Julia L Blanchard, Daniel J Brock, Graeme F Clark, Antonia T Cooper, Tom R Davis, Paul B Day, J Emmett Duffy, Thomas H Holmes, Steffan A Howe, Alan Jordan, Stuart Kininmonth, Nathan A Knott, Jonathan S Lefcheck, Scott D Ling, Amanda Parr, Elisabeth Strain, Hugh Sweatman, Russell Thomson
Reporting progress against targets for international biodiversity agreements is hindered by a shortage of suitable biodiversity data. We describe a cost-effective system involving Reef Life Survey citizen scientists in the systematic collection of quantitative data covering multiple phyla that can underpin numerous marine biodiversity indicators at high spatial and temporal resolution. We then summarize the findings of a continental- and decadal-scale State of the Environment assessment for rocky and coral reefs based on indicators of ecosystem state relating to fishing, ocean warming, and invasive species and describing the distribution of threatened species...
February 1, 2017: Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586671/trends-and-frontiers-for-the-science-and-management-of-the-oceans
#12
EDITORIAL
Peter J Mumby
People have an enduring fascination with the biology of the oceans. When the BBC's 'Blue Planet' series first aired on British television almost a quarter of the nation tuned in. As the diversity of science in this special issue of Current Biology attests, the ocean presents a challenging environment for study while also exhibiting some of the most profound and disruptive symptoms of global change. Marine science has made major advances in the past few decades, which were primarily made possible through important technological innovations...
June 5, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553264/the-hologenome-across-environments-and-the-implications-of-a-host-associated-microbial-repertoire
#13
Tyler J Carrier, Adam M Reitzel
Our understanding of the diverse interactions between hosts and microbes has grown profoundly over the past two decades and, as a product, has revolutionized our knowledge of the life sciences. Through primarily laboratory experiments, the current framework for holobionts and their respective hologenomes aims to decipher the underpinnings and implications of symbioses between host and microbiome. However, the laboratory setting restricts the full spectrum of host-associated symbionts as compared to those found in nature; thus, limiting the potential for a holistic interpretation of the functional roles the microbiome plays in host biology...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536570/the-importance-of-h-in-particulate-organic-matter-stoichiometry-export-and-energy-flow
#14
REVIEW
David M Karl, Eric Grabowski
The discipline of marine ecological stoichiometry has progressed rapidly over the past two decades, and continues to be at the forefront of microbial oceanography. Most of this effort has been focused on the elements carbon (C) and nitrogen (N), and to a lesser extent phosphorus (P), with little consideration of hydrogen (H), or the redox state of the organic matter pools despite the fact that H is the most abundant, and possibly the most important, element in biogeochemistry. Obtaining accurate estimates of the H content of organic matter, either in suspended or sinking particles, is a major analytical challenge...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528426/building-a-bio-based-industry-in-the-middle-east-through-harnessing-the-potential-of-the-red-sea-biodiversity
#15
REVIEW
Jens Nielsen, John Archer, Magbubah Essack, Vladimir B Bajic, Takashi Gojobori, Ivan Mijakovic
The incentive for developing microbial cell factories for production of fuels and chemicals comes from the ability of microbes to deliver these valuable compounds at a reduced cost and with a smaller environmental impact compared to the analogous chemical synthesis. Another crucial advantage of microbes is their great biological diversity, which offers a much larger "catalog" of molecules than the one obtainable by chemical synthesis. Adaptation to different environments is one of the important drives behind microbial diversity...
June 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512146/science-signaling-podcast-for-16-may-2017-vibrio-rewires-host-cells
#16
Nicole J De Nisco, Kim Orth, Annalisa M VanHook
This Podcast features a conversation with Kim Orth and Nicole De Nisco, authors of a Research Resource that appears in the 16 May 2017 issue of Science Signaling, about how the marine bacterium Vibrio parahaemolyticus rewires host cell signaling networks. V. parahaemolyticus thrives in warm brackish waters and infects both shellfish and finfish. This bacterium causes gastroenteritis when humans consume contaminated seafood that is raw or undercooked. V. parahaemolyticus delivers virulence factors into host cells through two different type 3 secretion systems (T3SSes)...
May 16, 2017: Science Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467508/aligning-marine-species-range-data-to-better-serve-science-and-conservation
#17
Casey C O'Hara, Jamie C Afflerbach, Courtney Scarborough, Kristin Kaschner, Benjamin S Halpern
Species distribution data provide the foundation for a wide range of ecological research studies and conservation management decisions. Two major efforts to provide marine species distributions at a global scale are the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), which provides expert-generated range maps that outline the complete extent of a species' distribution; and AquaMaps, which provides model-generated species distribution maps that predict areas occupied by the species. Together these databases represent 24,586 species (93...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460325/towards-quantitative-condition-assessment-of-biodiversity-outcomes-insights-from-australian-marine-protected-areas
#18
Prue F E Addison, Louisa B Flander, Carly N Cook
Protected area management effectiveness (PAME) evaluation is increasingly undertaken to evaluate governance, assess conservation outcomes and inform evidence-based management of protected areas (PAs). Within PAME, quantitative approaches to assess biodiversity outcomes are now emerging, where biological monitoring data are directly assessed against quantitative (numerically defined) condition categories (termed quantitative condition assessments). However, more commonly qualitative condition assessments are employed in PAME, which use descriptive condition categories and are evaluated largely with expert judgement that can be subject to a range of biases, such as linguistic uncertainty and overconfidence...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441600/microplastics-in-the-antarctic-marine-system-an-emerging-area-of-research
#19
REVIEW
Catherine L Waller, Huw J Griffiths, Claire M Waluda, Sally E Thorpe, Iván Loaiza, Bernabé Moreno, Cesar O Pacherres, Kevin A Hughes
It was thought that the Southern Ocean was relatively free of microplastic contamination; however, recent studies and citizen science projects in the Southern Ocean have reported microplastics in deep-sea sediments and surface waters. Here we reviewed available information on microplastics (including macroplastics as a source of microplastics) in the Southern Ocean. We estimated primary microplastic concentrations from personal care products and laundry, and identified potential sources and routes of transmission into the region...
November 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440934/determining-global-distribution-of-microplastics-by-combining-citizen-science-and-in-depth-case-studies
#20
Thijs Bosker, Paul Behrens, Martina G Vijver
Microplastics (<5 mm) are contaminants of emerging global concern. They have received considerable attention in scientific research, resulting in an increased awareness of the issue among politicians and the general public. However, there has been significant variation in sampling and extraction procedures used to quantify microplastics levels. The difference in extraction procedures can especially impact study outcomes, making it difficult, and sometimes impossible, to directly compare results among studies...
May 2017: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
keyword
keyword
10152
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"