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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328781/normalization-of-deviation-quotation-error-in-human-factors
#1
Jordan Lock, Chris Bearman
Objective The objective of this paper is to examine quotation error in human factors. Background Science progresses through building on the work of previous research. This requires accurate quotation. Quotation error has a number of adverse consequences: loss of credibility, loss of confidence in the journal, and a flawed basis for academic debate and scientific progress. Quotation error has been observed in a number of domains, including marine biology and medicine, but there has been little or no previous study of this form of error in human factors, a domain that specializes in the causes and management of error...
January 1, 2018: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310214/fabrication-of-novel-superoxide-anion-biosensor-based-on-3d-interface-of-mussel-inspired-fe3o4-mn3-po3-2-ni-foam
#2
Qi Wang, Qian Zhou, Qicheng Zhang, Rongjia Shi, Shangshang Ma, Wenbo Zhao, Min Zhou
Preparation of high performance electrochemical biosensing interface for the sensitive and rapid detection of human metabolites is of great interest for health care and biomedical science. In this paper, based on the adhesion technique of marine mussels, we designed and prepared a novel biosensor with a micro/nano-biointerface of Fe3O4-Mn3(PO3)2@Ni foam, which offered a three dimensional (3D) living environment for real cell. The constructed biosensor with a 3D micro/nano-biointerface of Fe3O4-Mn3(PO3)2@Ni foam was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) and elemental mapping...
March 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302268/time-capsules-in-natural-sediment-archives-tracking-phytoplankton-population-genetic-diversity-and-adaptation-over-multidecadal-timescales-in-the-face-of-environmental-change
#3
REVIEW
Marianne Ellegaard, Anna Godhe, Sofia Ribeiro
Undisturbed records of resting stages produced in the past and stored in coastal sediments are very valuable to science, because they may provide unique insights into past evolutionary and ecological trajectories. Within marine phytoplankton, multidecadal time series of monoclonal strains germinated from resting stages have been established for diatoms (Skeletonema marinoi) and dinoflagellates (Pentapharsodinium dalei), spanning ca. a century. Phenotypic and genotypic analyses of these time series have revealed effects of past environmental changes on population genetic structure...
January 2018: Evolutionary Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261672/habitat-risk-assessment-for-regional-ocean-planning-in-the-u-s-northeast-and-mid-atlantic
#4
Katherine H Wyatt, Robert Griffin, Anne D Guerry, Mary Ruckelshaus, Michael Fogarty, Katie K Arkema
Coastal habitats provide important benefits to people, including habitat for species targeted by fisheries and opportunities for tourism and recreation. Yet, such human activities also can imperil these habitats and undermine the ecosystem services they provide to people. Cumulative risk assessment provides an analytical framework for synthesizing the influence of multiple stressors across habitats and decision-support for balancing human uses and ecosystem health. To explore cumulative risk to habitats in the U...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247368/n-acyl-homoserine-lactones-and-autoinducer-2-mediated-quorum-sensing-during-wastewater-treatment
#5
REVIEW
Han Chen, Ang Li, Di Cui, Qiao Wang, Dan Wu, Chongwei Cui, Fang Ma
Bacteria can coordinate and synchronize activities through a cell density-dependent regulatory mechanism called quorum sensing (QS). Bacteria can measure their population by the synthesis, secretion, and perception of QS signal molecules to regulate specific gene expression when the population reaches a critical threshold. QS participates in various microbial processes such as marine organism bioluminescence, bacterial biofilm formation, and virulence factor expression. The use of QS systems mediated by N-acyl-homoserine lactones and autoinducer-2 has been recently recognized as a promising regulatory approach in environmental science and technology that can intrinsically promote the profound comprehension of wastewater treatment from a microbiology perspective...
December 16, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216310/gbm-auto-a-software-tool-to-simplify-spatial-modelling-and-marine-protected-area-planning
#6
Simon Dedman, Rick Officer, Maurice Clarke, David G Reid, Deirdre Brophy
BOOSTED REGRESSION TREES. EXCELLENT FOR DATA-POOR SPATIAL MANAGEMENT BUT HARD TO USE: Marine resource managers and scientists often advocate spatial approaches to manage data-poor species. Existing spatial prediction and management techniques are either insufficiently robust, struggle with sparse input data, or make suboptimal use of multiple explanatory variables. Boosted Regression Trees feature excellent performance and are well suited to modelling the distribution of data-limited species, but are extremely complicated and time-consuming to learn and use, hindering access for a wide potential user base and therefore limiting uptake and usage...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211734/seafarer-citizen-scientist-ocean-transparency-data-as-a-resource-for-phytoplankton-and-climate-research
#7
Secchi Disk Seafarers, Samantha Lavender, Gregory Beaugrand, Nicholas Outram, Nigel Barlow, David Crotty, Jake Evans, Richard Kirby
The oceans' phytoplankton that underpin the marine food chain appear to be changing in abundance due to global climate change. Here, we compare the first four years of data from a citizen science ocean transparency study, conducted by seafarers using home-made Secchi Disks and a free Smartphone application called Secchi, with contemporaneous satellite ocean colour measurements. Our results show seafarers collect useful Secchi Disk measurements of ocean transparency that could help future assessments of climate-induced changes in the phytoplankton when used to extend historical Secchi Disk data...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204321/ordinary-kriging-vs-inverse-distance-weighting-spatial-interpolation-of-the-sessile-community-of-madagascar-reef-gulf-of-mexico
#8
Salvador Zarco-Perello, Nuno Simões
Information about the distribution and abundance of the habitat-forming sessile organisms in marine ecosystems is of great importance for conservation and natural resource managers. Spatial interpolation methodologies can be useful to generate this information from in situ sampling points, especially in circumstances where remote sensing methodologies cannot be applied due to small-scale spatial variability of the natural communities and low light penetration in the water column. Interpolation methods are widely used in environmental sciences; however, published studies using these methodologies in coral reef science are scarce...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190283/sonic-kayaks-environmental-monitoring-and-experimental-music-by-citizens
#9
Amber G F Griffiths, Kirsty M Kemp, Kaffe Matthews, Joanne K Garrett, David J Griffiths
The Sonic Kayak is a musical instrument used to investigate nature and developed during open hacklab events. The kayaks are rigged with underwater environmental sensors, which allow paddlers to hear real-time water temperature sonifications and underwater sounds, generating live music from the marine world. Sensor data is also logged every second with location, time and date, which allows for fine-scale mapping of water temperatures and underwater noise that was previously unattainable using standard research equipment...
November 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161007/polymer-based-technologies-for-sensing-applications
#10
Wildemar Stefanio Pereira Carvalho, Menglian Wei, Nduka Ikpo, Yongfeng Gao, Michael J Serpe
Reports in the literature on the development of new chemical sensing technologies have been growing steadily in number for years. For example, a Web of Science topic search using the term "Chemical Sensing" revealed that over 8,000 papers were published in 2015-2017, with over 40,000 citations to those papers. In this review, we focus on highlighting recent examples of chemical sensing related to human health (e.g., disease diagnosis, health monitoring, and water/food safety), and for environmental monitoring...
November 21, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141654/early-career-researchers-want-open-science
#11
Andrea Farnham, Christoph Kurz, Mehmet Ali Öztürk, Monica Solbiati, Oona Myllyntaus, Jordy Meekes, Tra My Pham, Clara Paz, Magda Langiewicz, Sophie Andrews, Liisa Kanninen, Chantal Agbemabiese, Arzu Tugce Guler, Jeffrey Durieux, Sarah Jasim, Olivia Viessmann, Stefano Frattini, Danagul Yembergenova, Carla Marin Benito, Marion Porte, Anaïs Grangeray-Vilmint, Rafael Prieto Curiel, Carin Rehncrona, Tareq Malas, Flavia Esposito, Kristina Hettne
Open Science is encouraged by the European Union and many other political and scientific institutions. However, scientific practice is proving slow to change. We propose, as early career researchers, that it is our task to change scientific research into open scientific research and commit to Open Science principles.
November 15, 2017: Genome Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137812/crowdsourcing-conservation-the-role-of-citizen-science-in-securing-a-future-for-seagrass
#12
Benjamin L Jones, Richard K F Unsworth, Len J McKenzie, Rudi L Yoshida, Leanne C Cullen-Unsworth
Seagrass meadows are complex social-ecological systems. Understanding seagrass meadows demands a fresh approach integrating "the human dimension". Citizen science is widely acknowledged for providing significant contributions to science, education, society and policy. Although the take up of citizen science in the marine environment has been slow, the need for such methods to fill vast information gaps is arguably great. Seagrass meadows are easy to access and provide an example of where citizen science is expanding...
November 11, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119384/tributyltin-advancing-the-science-on-assessing-endocrine-disruption-with-an-unconventional-endocrine-disrupting-compound
#13
Laurent Lagadic, Ioanna Katsiadaki, Ron Biever, Patrick D Guiney, Natalie Karouna-Renier, Tamar Schwarz, James P Meador
Tributyltin (TBT) has been recognized as an endocrine disrupting chemical (EDC) for several decades. However, only in the last decade, was its primary endocrine mechanism of action (MeOA) elucidated-interactions with the nuclear retinoid-X receptor (RXR), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ), and their heterodimers. This molecular initiating event (MIE) alters a range of reproductive, developmental, and metabolic pathways at the organism level. It is noteworthy that a variety of MeOAs have been proposed over the years for the observed endocrine-type effects of TBT; however, convincing data for the MIE was provided only recently and now several researchers have confirmed and refined the information on this MeOA...
November 9, 2017: Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109315/assessment-of-alteration-in-capnometry-monitoring-during-intravenous-sedation-with-midazolam-for-oral-surgical-procedures
#14
Kavitha G, Pallavi K Kakade, Madhavi Singh, Mahesh Ahire, Melvin Augustine, Kinjal D Jain
INTRODUCTION: Capnography is routinely used for monitoring of patients subjected to sedation for different surgical procedures. There is still paucity of data highlighting the capnographic assessment of patients on midazolam sedation undergoing oral surgical procedures. Hence, we planned the present study to assess the alterations occurring in the end-tidal carbon dioxide (ETCO2) values monitored during intravenous (IV) sedation with midazolam during various oral surgical procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study included assessment of alteration in ETCO2 values occurring during oral surgical procedure...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102073/qualification-of-oil-spill-treatment-products-adopting-the-baffled-flask-test-for-testing-of-dispersant-efficacy-in-the-uk
#15
Roxana Sühring, Andy Smith, Heather Emerson, Denise Doran, Phil Mellor, Mark F Kirby, Bernard Christie
The UK Marine Management Organisation (MMO) tasked the Centre for Environment, Fisheries & Aquaculture Science (Cefas) with reviewing the current UK dispersant efficacy testing procedures. The aim was to identify possibilities to increase standardisation, improve health and safety performance and explore harmonisation possibilities with international dispersant efficacy testing procedures. The US EPA 'Baffled Flask Test' (BFT) was adopted, implemented and validated as a new standard method in the UK. The outputs from this study suggest that dispersant efficacy results from the adopted BFT test and the currently used protocol are in a similar range and results presented by the US EPA...
October 25, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082456/endoscopic-treatment-of-weight-regain-following-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Vitor Ottoboni Brunaldi, Pichamol Jirapinyo, Diogo Turiani H de Moura, Ossamu Okazaki, Wanderley M Bernardo, Manoel Galvão Neto, Josemberg Marins Campos, Marco Aurélio Santo, Eduardo G H de Moura
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is the most commonly performed bariatric procedure. Despite its high efficacy, some patients regain part of their lost weight. Several endoscopic therapies have been introduced as alternatives to treat weight regain, but most of the articles are relatively small with unclear long-term data. To systematically assess the efficacy of endoscopic therapies for weight regain after RYGB. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Scopus, Web of Science, Cochrane, OVID, CINAHL/EBSCo, LILACS/Bireme, and gray literature...
October 29, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075477/undaria-pinnatifida-a-case-study-to-highlight-challenges-in-marine-invasion-ecology-and-management
#17
REVIEW
Graham Epstein, Dan A Smale
Marine invasion ecology and management have progressed significantly over the last 30 years although many knowledge gaps and challenges remain. The kelp Undaria pinnatifida, or "Wakame," has a global non-native range and is considered one of the world's "worst" invasive species. Since its first recorded introduction in 1971, numerous studies have been conducted on its ecology, invasive characteristics, and impacts, yet a general consensus on the best approach to its management has not yet been reached. Here, we synthesize current understanding of this highly invasive species and adopt Undaria as a case study to highlight challenges in wider marine invasion ecology and management...
October 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065330/experimental-conditions-affecting-the-kinetics-of-aqueous-hcn-polymerization-as-revealed-by-uv-vis-spectroscopy
#18
Margarita R Marín-Yaseli, Miguel Moreno, José L de la Fuente, Carlos Briones, Marta Ruiz-Bermejo
HCN polymerization is one of the most important and fascinating reactions in prebiotic chemistry, and interest in HCN polymers in the field of materials science is growing. However, little is known about the kinetics of the HCN polymerization process. In the present study, a first approach to the kinetics of two sets of aqueous HCN polymerizations, from NH4CN and NaCN, at middle temperatures between 4 and 38°C, has been carried out. For each series, the presence of air and salts in the reaction medium has been systematically explored...
October 12, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056141/the-economy-of-shark-conservation-in-the-northeast-pacific-the-role-of-ecotourism-and-citizen-science
#19
Peter A Mieras, Chris Harvey-Clark, Michael Bear, Gina Hodgin, Boone Hodgin
Historically sharks have been seen either as a source of income through harvesting, or as a nuisance and danger. The economic value of sharks has traditionally been measured as the total value of sharks caught for liver oil, fins, or meat for consumption. Sharks have also been killed to near extinction in cases where they were seen as a threat to fisheries on other species. This is illustrated by the mass extermination of Basking Sharks (Cetorhinus maximus) in British Columbia. They were seen as a nuisance to fishermen as they got entangled in gill nets during the salmon fishing season...
2017: Advances in Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056140/introduction-to-northeast-pacific-shark-biology-research-and-conservation-part-b
#20
Shawn E Larson, Dayv Lowry
Sharks are iconic, sometimes apex, predators found in every ocean. Because of their ecological role as predators and concern over the stability of their populations, there has been an increasing amount of work focused on shark conservation around the world in recent decades. The populations of sharks that reside in the Northeast Pacific (NEP) Ocean bordering the west coast of the United States reside in one of the most economically and ecologically important oceanic regions in the world. Volume 78 of Advances in Marine Biology (AMB) is a companion to Volume 77, which focused primarily on NEP shark biodiversity, organismal biology, and ecology...
2017: Advances in Marine Biology
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