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Marine Science

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813201/applying-movement-ecology-to-marine-animals-with-complex-life-cycles
#1
Richard M Allen, Anna Metaxas, Paul V R Snelgrove
Marine animals with complex life cycles may move passively or actively for fertilization, dispersal, predator avoidance, resource acquisition, and migration, and over scales from micrometers to thousands of kilometers. This diversity has catalyzed idiosyncratic and unfocused research, creating unsound paradigms regarding the role of movement in ecology and evolution. The emerging movement ecology paradigm offers a framework to consolidate movement research independent of taxon, life-history stage, scale, or discipline...
August 16, 2017: Annual Review of Marine Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812686/interactions-of-microplastic-debris-throughout-the-marine-ecosystem
#2
REVIEW
Tamara S Galloway, Matthew Cole, Ceri Lewis
Marine microscopic plastic (microplastic) debris is a modern societal issue, illustrating the challenge of balancing the convenience of plastic in daily life with the prospect of causing ecological harm by careless disposal. Here we develop the concept of microplastic as a complex, dynamic mixture of polymers and additives, to which organic material and contaminants can successively bind to form an 'ecocorona', increasing the density and surface charge of particles and changing their bioavailability and toxicity...
April 20, 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800512/metabotropic-glutamate-receptors-as-emerging-research-targets-in-bipolar-disorder
#3
REVIEW
Caren J Blacker, Charles P Lewis, Mark A Frye, Marin Veldic
Glutamatergic dysregulation is implicated in the neuropathology of bipolar disorder (BD). There is increasing interest in investigating the role of metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) in BD and as a target for treatment intervention. Bipolar mGluR studies (published January 1992-April 2016) were identified via PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Scopus. Full-text screening, data extraction, and quality appraisal were conducted in duplicate, with strict inclusion and exclusion criteria. The initial literature search for mGluRs in BD, including non-bipolar mood disorders and primary psychotic disorders, identified 1544 articles...
July 31, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796571/the-fate-and-impact-of-internal-waves-in-nearshore-ecosystems
#4
C B Woodson
Internal waves are widespread features of global oceans that play critical roles in mixing and thermohaline circulation. Similarly to surface waves, internal waves can travel long distances, ultimately breaking along continental margins. These breaking waves can transport deep ocean water and associated constituents (nutrients, larvae, and acidic low-oxygen waters) onto the shelf and locally enhance turbulence and mixing, with important effects on nearshore ecosystems. We are only beginning to understand the role internal waves play in shaping nearshore ecosystems...
August 10, 2017: Annual Review of Marine Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793810/remote-sensing-tropical-coral-reefs-the-view-from-above
#5
Sam J Purkis
Carbonate precipitation has been a common life strategy for marine organisms for 3.7 billion years, as, therefore, has their construction of reefs. As favored by modern corals, reef-forming organisms have typically adopted a niche in warm, shallow, well-lit, tropical marine waters, where they are capable of building vast carbonate edifices. Because fossil reefs form water aquifers and hydrocarbon reservoirs, considerable effort has been dedicated to understanding their anatomy and morphology. Remote sensing has a particular role to play here...
August 9, 2017: Annual Review of Marine Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793127/development-and-validation-of-the-hospitality-axiological-scale-for-humanization-of-nursing-care
#6
José María Galán González-Serna, Soledad Ferreras-Mencia, Juan Manuel Arribas-Marín
Objective: to develop and validate a scale to evaluate nursing attitudes in relation to hospitality for the humanization of nursing care. Participants: the sample consisted of 499 nursing professionals and undergraduate students of the final two years of the Bachelor of Science in Nursing program. Method: the instrument has been developed and validated to evaluate the ethical values related to hospitality using a methodological approach. Subsequently, a model was developed to measure the dimensions forming the construct hospitality...
August 3, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772363/quantification-of-the-service-life-extension-and-environmental-benefit-of-chloride-exposed-self-healing-concrete
#7
Bjorn Van Belleghem, Philip Van den Heede, Kim Van Tittelboom, Nele De Belie
Formation of cracks impairs the durability of concrete elements. Corrosion inducing substances, such as chlorides, can enter the matrix through these cracks and cause steel reinforcement corrosion and concrete degradation. Self-repair of concrete cracks is an innovative technique which has been studied extensively during the past decade and which may help to increase the sustainability of concrete. However, the experiments conducted until now did not allow for an assessment of the service life extension possible with self-healing concrete in comparison with traditional (cracked) concrete...
December 23, 2016: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769718/demosponge-diversity-from-north-sulawesi-with-the-description-of-six-new-species
#8
Barbara Calcinai, Azzurra Bastari, Giorgio Bavestrello, Marco Bertolino, Santiago Bueno Horcajadas, Maurizio Pansini, Daisy M Makapedua, Carlo Cerrano
Sponges are key components of the benthic assemblages and play an important functional role in many ecosystems, especially in coral reefs. The Indonesian coral reefs, located within the so-called "coral triangle", are among the richest in the world. However, the knowledge of the diversity of sponges and several other marine taxa is far from being complete in the area. In spite of this great biodiversity, most of the information on Indonesian sponges is scattered in old and fragmented literature and comprehensive data about their diversity are still lacking...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767266/paul-langerhans-a-prilgrim-traveling-from-functional-histology-to-marine-biology
#9
REVIEW
Marius Raica, Anca Maria Cimpean
The nineteenth century was the time of a real revolution in science and medicine. A lot of seminal discoveries in medicine and biology were done in this time, and many of them were coincident with the introduction of the compound microscope by Hermann van Deijl and the standard histological technique by Paul Ehrlich. The main tissue types and individual cells were characterized and originally classified more than hundred years ago, although less attention was paid to their basic functions. This was mainly due to the modality of tissue specimen processing that allowed particularly detailed descriptive studies...
June 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763055/viral-to-metazoan-marine-plankton-nucleotide-sequences-from-the-tara-oceans-expedition
#10
Adriana Alberti, Julie Poulain, Stefan Engelen, Karine Labadie, Sarah Romac, Isabel Ferrera, Guillaume Albini, Jean-Marc Aury, Caroline Belser, Alexis Bertrand, Corinne Cruaud, Corinne Da Silva, Carole Dossat, Frédérick Gavory, Shahinaz Gas, Julie Guy, Maud Haquelle, E'krame Jacoby, Olivier Jaillon, Arnaud Lemainque, Eric Pelletier, Gaëlle Samson, Mark Wessner, Silvia G Acinas, Marta Royo-Llonch, Francisco M Cornejo-Castillo, Ramiro Logares, Beatriz Fernández-Gómez, Chris Bowler, Guy Cochrane, Clara Amid, Petra Ten Hoopen, Colomban De Vargas, Nigel Grimsley, Elodie Desgranges, Stefanie Kandels-Lewis, Hiroyuki Ogata, Nicole Poulton, Michael E Sieracki, Ramunas Stepanauskas, Matthew B Sullivan, Jennifer R Brum, Melissa B Duhaime, Bonnie T Poulos, Bonnie L Hurwitz, Stéphane Pesant, Eric Karsenti, Patrick Wincker
A unique collection of oceanic samples was gathered by the Tara Oceans expeditions (2009-2013), targeting plankton organisms ranging from viruses to metazoans, and providing rich environmental context measurements. Thanks to recent advances in the field of genomics, extensive sequencing has been performed for a deep genomic analysis of this huge collection of samples. A strategy based on different approaches, such as metabarcoding, metagenomics, single-cell genomics and metatranscriptomics, has been chosen for analysis of size-fractionated plankton communities...
August 1, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758612/incidence-of-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-esbl-producing-escherichia-coli-and-klebsiella-infections-in-the-united-states-a-systematic-literature-review
#11
Jennifer McDanel, Marin Schweizer, Victoria Crabb, Richard Nelson, Matthew Samore, Karim Khader, Amy E Blevins, Daniel Diekema, Hsiu-Yin Chiang, Rajeshwari Nair, Eli Perencevich
BACKGROUND Despite a reported worldwide increase, the incidence of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) Escherichia coli and Klebsiella infections in the United States is unknown. Understanding the incidence and trends of ESBL infections will aid in directing research and prevention efforts. OBJECTIVE To perform a literature review to identify the incidence of ESBL-producing E. coli and Klebsiella infections in the United States. DESIGN Systematic literature review. METHODS MEDLINE via Ovid, CINAHL, Cochrane library, NHS Economic Evaluation Database, Web of Science, and Scopus were searched for multicenter (≥2 sites), US studies published between 2000 and 2015 that evaluated the incidence of ESBL-E...
July 31, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756565/establishing-marine-protected-areas-in-sweden-internal-resistance-versus-global-influence
#12
REVIEW
Kjell Grip, Sven Blomqvist
In the past decade, marine protected areas (MPAs) have become an increasingly used tool for science-based conservation and adaptive management of marine biodiversity and related natural resources. In this review paper, we report on rather complete time-course series (55 years uninterrupted) focusing on comparison of the strong difference, in number and area, in establishing marine (56 MNRs) and terrestrial (4284 TNRs) nature reserves in Sweden versus marine (7001 MPAs) and terrestrial (132742 TPAs) protected areas globally...
July 29, 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747984/annual-tendency-of-research-papers-used-icr-mice-as-experimental-animals-in-biomedical-research-fields
#13
Ji Eun Kim, Jung Hoon Nam, Joon Young Cho, Kil Soo Kim, Dae Youn Hwang
Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) mice have been widely used in various research fields including toxicology, oncology, pharmacology, and pharmaceutical product safety testing for decades. However, annual tendency of research papers involving ICR mice in various biomedical fields has not been previously analyzed. In this study, we examined the numbers of papers that used ICR mice as experimental animals in the social science, natural science, engineering, medicine-pharmacy, marine agriculture-fishery, and art-kinesiology fields by analyzing big data...
June 2017: Laboratory Animal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740944/effect-of-mechanical-vibration-generated-in-oscillating-vibratory-platform-on-the-concentration-of-plasma-biomarkers-and-on-the-weight-in-rats
#14
Éric Heleno Freire Ferreira Frederico, Danúbia da Cunha de Sá-Caputo, Eloá Moreira-Marconi, Carlos Alberto Sampaio Guimarães, André Luiz Bandeira Dionísio Cardoso, Carla da Fontoura Dionello, Danielle Soares Morel, Cintia Renata Sousa-Gonçalves, Laisa Liana Paineiras-Domingos, Rebeca Graça Costa Cavalcanti, Nasser Ribeiro Asad, Pedro Jesus Marin, Mario Bernardo-Filho
BACKGROUND: Whole body vibration (WBV) exercise has been used in health sciences. Authors have reported that changes on the concentration of plasma biomarkers could be associated with the WBV effects. The aim of this investigation is to assess the consequences of exposition of 25 Hz mechanical vibration generated in oscillating/vibratory platform (OVP) on the concentration of some plasma biomarkers and on the weight of rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Wistar rats were divided into two groups...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718925/a-historical-review-of-the-key-bacterial-and-viral-pathogens-of-scottish-wild-fish
#15
REVIEW
I S Wallace, P McKay, A G Murray
Thousands of Scottish wild fish were screened for pathogens by Marine Scotland Science. A systematic review of published and unpublished data on six key pathogens (Renibacterium salmoninarum, Aeromonas salmonicida, IPNV, ISAV, SAV and VHSV) found in Scottish wild and farmed fish was undertaken. Despite many reported cases in farmed fish, there was a limited number of positive samples from Scottish wild fish, however, there was evidence for interactions between wild and farmed fish. A slightly elevated IPNV prevalence was reported in wild marine fish caught close to Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Fish Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710502/indicators-of-marine-pollution-in-the-north-pacific-ocean
#16
REVIEW
Tanya M Brown, Hideshige Takada
The complex nature of ocean pollution underscores the utility in identifying and characterizing a limited number of "indicators" that enables scientists and managers to track trends over space and time. This paper introduces a special issue on indicators of marine pollution in the North Pacific Ocean and builds on a scientific session that was held at the North Pacific Marine Science Organization. The special issue highlights studies using a variety of indicators to provide insight into the identification of legacy and emerging contaminants, the ranking of priority pollutants from various sources, and the effects of contaminants on ecosystem health in the North Pacific Ocean...
August 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697977/potential-biomedical-applications-of-marine-algae
#17
REVIEW
Hui-Min David Wang, Xiao-Chun Li, Duu-Jong Lee, Jo-Shu Chang
Functional components extracted from algal biomass are widely used as dietary and health supplements with a variety of applications in food science and technology. In contrast, the applications of algae in dermal-related products have received much less attention, despite that algae also possess high potential for the uses in anti-infection, anti-aging, skin-whitening, and skin tumor treatments. This review, therefore, focuses on integrating studies on algae pertinent to human skin care, health and therapy...
June 3, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695264/marine-environmental-emergencies-in-the-north-pacific-ocean-lessons-learned-from-recent-oil-spills
#18
EDITORIAL
Un Hyuk Yim, Jeffrey Short
Increasing marine vessel traffic, and oil and gas exploration and development throughout the North Pacific basin brings increasing risks of oil spills. Recognizing the serious challenges presented to response authorities, this Special Issue was organized by the North Pacific Marine Science Organization to provide an introduction to the current state of scientific understanding regarding the environmental effects of oil spills. Because interactions of spilled oils with biota and their habitats are complex, the most serious environmental damages from these spills are not necessarily those of greatest immediate concern by the public...
July 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692688/addressing-uncertainty-in-modelling-cumulative-impacts-within-maritime-spatial-planning-in-the-adriatic-and-ionian-region
#19
Elena Gissi, Stefano Menegon, Alessandro Sarretta, Federica Appiotti, Denis Maragno, Andrea Vianello, Daniel Depellegrin, Chiara Venier, Andrea Barbanti
Maritime spatial planning (MSP) is envisaged as a tool to apply an ecosystem-based approach to the marine and coastal realms, aiming at ensuring that the collective pressure of human activities is kept within acceptable limits. Cumulative impacts (CI) assessment can support science-based MSP, in order to understand the existing and potential impacts of human uses on the marine environment. A CI assessment includes several sources of uncertainty that can hinder the correct interpretation of its results if not explicitly incorporated in the decision-making process...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678615/the-future-of-nutrition-nutrigenomics-and-nutrigenetics-in-obesity-and-cardiovascular-diseases
#20
Alicia Cristina Peña-Romero, Diana Navas-Carrillo, Francisco Marín, Esteban Orenes-Piñero
Over time, the relationship between diet and health has aroused great interest, since nutrition can prevent and treat several diseases. It has been demonstrated that general recommendations on macronutrients and micronutrients do not affect to every individual in the same way because diet is an important environmental factor that interacts with genes. Thus, there is a growing necessity of improving a personalized nutrition to treat obesity and associated medical conditions, taking into account the interactions between diet, genes and health...
July 5, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
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