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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101288/correction-notice-perspectives-in-marine-citizen-science
#1
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 56 in vol. 17, PMID: 27047591.].
December 2016: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096504/opportunity-for-marine-fisheries-reform-in-china
#2
Ling Cao, Yong Chen, Shuanglin Dong, Arthur Hanson, Bo Huang, Duncan Leadbitter, David C Little, Ellen K Pikitch, Yongsong Qiu, Yvonne Sadovy de Mitcheson, Ussif Rashid Sumaila, Meryl Williams, Guifang Xue, Yimin Ye, Wenbo Zhang, Yingqi Zhou, Ping Zhuang, Rosamond L Naylor
China's 13th Five-Year Plan, launched in March 2016, provides a sound policy platform for the protection of marine ecosystems and the restoration of capture fisheries within China's exclusive economic zone. What distinguishes China among many other countries striving for marine fisheries reform is its size-accounting for almost one-fifth of global catch volume-and the unique cultural context of its economic and resource management. In this paper, we trace the history of Chinese government priorities, policies, and outcomes related to marine fisheries since the 1978 Economic Reform, and examine how the current leadership's agenda for "ecological civilization" could successfully transform marine resource management in the coming years...
January 17, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089553/plastic-debris-straps-on-threatened-blue-shark-prionace-glauca
#3
Ana I Colmenero, Claudio Barría, Elisabetta Broglio, Salvador García-Barcelona
Juveniles of blue shark Prionace glauca caught in pelagic longlines targeting tuna and swordfish in the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea were found entangled with plastic straps around their gill region. The plastic debris were identified as strapping bands and caused several degrees of injuries on the dorsal musculature and pectoral fins. They were also obstructing the gill slits probably causing breathing issues. These records were uploaded in the web site seawatchers.org, and highlight the potential of citizen science in revealing the occurrence of such problems which could help to measure the effects of plastic debris on marine life...
January 12, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058657/a-two-ocean-bouillabaisse-science-politics-and-the-central-american-sea-level-canal-controversy
#4
Christine Keiner
As the Panama Canal approached its fiftieth anniversary in the mid-1960s, U.S. officials concerned about the costs of modernization welcomed the technology of peaceful nuclear excavation to create a new waterway at sea level. Biologists seeking a share of the funds slated for radiological-safety studies called attention to another potential effect which they deemed of far greater ecological and evolutionary magnitude - marine species exchange, an obscure environmental issue that required the expertise of underresourced life scientists...
January 5, 2017: Journal of the History of Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055205/interfacial-solvation-and-surface-ph-of-phenol-and-dihydroxybenzene-aqueous-nanoaerosols-unveiled-by-aerosol-vuv-photoelectron-spectroscopy
#5
Ping-Cheng Lin, Zhong-Hang Wu, Meng-Sin Chen, Yu-Lin Li, Wei-Ren Chen, Tzu-Ping Huang, Yin-Yu Lee, Chia C Wang
While the significance of aqueous interfaces has been recognized in numerous important fields, it can be even more prominent for nanoscaled aqueous aerosols due to their large surface-to-volume ratios and prevalent existence in nature. Also, considering that organic species are often mixed with aqueous aerosols in nature, a fundamental understanding on the electronic and structural properties of organic species in aqueous nanoaerosols is essential to learn the interplay between water and organic solutes under the nanoscaled size regime...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045972/performance-optimization-of-marine-science-and-numerical-modeling-on-hpc-cluster
#6
Dongdong Yang, Hailong Yang, Luming Wang, Yucong Zhou, Zhiyuan Zhang, Rui Wang, Yi Liu
Marine science and numerical modeling (MASNUM) is widely used in forecasting ocean wave movement, through simulating the variation tendency of the ocean wave. Although efforts have been devoted to improve the performance of MASNUM from various aspects by existing work, there is still large space unexplored for further performance improvement. In this paper, we aim at improving the performance of propagation solver and data access during the simulation, in addition to the efficiency of output I/O and load balance...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017847/associations-and-the-role-of-affiliative-agonistic-and-socio-sexual-behaviors-among-common-bottlenose-dolphins-tursiops-truncatus
#7
Briana Seay Harvey, Kathleen Maria Dudzinski, Stan Abraham Kuczaj
Little is known about the specific behavioral exchanges that occur on a day-to-day basis between dyads of common bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus). This study assesses the proportion of time dyads spend in proximity (within ∼2m) and the proportion of time spent in affiliative, agonistic, or socio-sexual contexts within and between age/sex dolphin pairings to better understand their social relationships. Observations of bottlenose dolphins housed at the Roatan Institute of Marine Sciences provided 10...
December 23, 2016: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000727/evidence-of-cnidarians-sensitivity-to-sound-after-exposure-to-low-frequency-noise-underwater-sources
#8
Marta Solé, Marc Lenoir, José Manuel Fontuño, Mercè Durfort, Mike van der Schaar, Michel André
Jellyfishes represent a group of species that play an important role in oceans, particularly as a food source for different taxa and as a predator of fish larvae and planktonic prey. The massive introduction of artificial sound sources in the oceans has become a concern to science and society. While we are only beginning to understand that non-hearing specialists like cephalopods can be affected by anthropogenic noises and regulation is underway to measure European water noise levels, we still don't know yet if the impact of sound may be extended to other lower level taxa of the food web...
December 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984792/collating-science-based-evidence-to-inform-public-opinion-on-the-environmental-effects-of-marine-drilling-platforms-in-the-mediterranean-sea
#9
REVIEW
M C Mangano, G Sarà
The use of rigorous methodologies to assess environmental, social and health impacts of specific interventions is crucial to disentangle the various components of environmental questions and to inform public opinion. The power of systematic maps relies on the capacity to summarise and organise the areas or relationships most studied, and to highlight key gaps in the evidence base. The recent Italian technical referendum (2016) - a public consultation inviting people to express their opinion by voting to change the rules on the length of licence duration and the decommissioning of offshore oil and gas platform drilling licences - inspired the creation of a systematic map of evidence to scope and quantify the effects of off-shore extraction platforms on Mediterranean marine ecosystems...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958529/high-throughput-time-stretch-imaging-flow-cytometry-for-multi-class-classification-of-phytoplankton
#10
Queenie T K Lai, Kelvin C M Lee, Anson H L Tang, Kenneth K Y Wong, Hayden K H So, Kevin K Tsia
Time-stretch imaging has been regarded as an attractive technique for high-throughput imaging flow cytometry primarily owing to its real-time, continuous ultrafast operation. Nevertheless, two key challenges remain: (1) sufficiently high time-stretch image resolution and contrast is needed for visualizing sub-cellular complexity of single cells, and (2) the ability to unravel the heterogeneity and complexity of the highly diverse population of cells - a central problem of single-cell analysis in life sciences - is required...
December 12, 2016: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955953/a-2017-horizon-scan-of-emerging-issues-for-global-conservation-and-biological-diversity
#11
REVIEW
William J Sutherland, Phoebe Barnard, Steven Broad, Mick Clout, Ben Connor, Isabelle M Côté, Lynn V Dicks, Helen Doran, Abigail C Entwistle, Erica Fleishman, Marie Fox, Kevin J Gaston, David W Gibbons, Zhigang Jiang, Brandon Keim, Fiona A Lickorish, Paul Markillie, Kathryn A Monk, James W Pearce-Higgins, Lloyd S Peck, Jules Pretty, Mark D Spalding, Femke H Tonneijck, Bonnie C Wintle, Nancy Ockendon
We present the results of our eighth annual horizon scan of emerging issues likely to affect global biological diversity, the environment, and conservation efforts in the future. The potential effects of these novel issues might not yet be fully recognized or understood by the global conservation community, and the issues can be regarded as both opportunities and risks. A diverse international team with collective expertise in horizon scanning, science communication, and conservation research, practice, and policy reviewed 100 potential issues and identified 15 that qualified as emerging, with potential substantial global effects...
January 2017: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943401/fixism-and-conservation-science
#12
REVIEW
Alexandre Robert, Colin Fontaine, Simon Veron, Anne-Christine Monnet, Marine Legrand, Joanne Clavel, Stéphane Chantepie, Denis Couvet, Frédéric Ducarme, Benoît Fontaine, Frédéric Jiguet, Isabelle le Viol, Jonathan Rolland, François Sarrazin, Céline Teplitsky, Maud Mouchet
The field of biodiversity conservation has recently been criticised as relying on a fixist view of the living world, in which existing species constitute the targets of conservation efforts and simultaneously static states of reference, which is in apparent disagreement with evolutionary dynamics. Here, we argue that the ethical and theoretical frameworks underlying conservation research are based on macro-evolutionary reference processes rather than fixed reference states. We show how current species, phylogenetic, community and functional conservation approaches constitute short-term responses to short-term human effects on these reference processes, consistent with evolutionary principles...
December 10, 2016: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932909/cigesmed-for-divers-establishing-a-citizen-science-initiative-for-the-mapping-and-monitoring-of-coralligenous-assemblages-in-the-mediterranean-sea
#13
Vasilis Gerovasileiou, Thanos Dailianis, Emmanouela Panteri, Nikitas Michalakis, Giulia Gatti, Maria Sini, Charalampos Dimitriadis, Yiannis Issaris, Maria Salomidi, Irene Filiopoulou, Alper Doğan, Laure Thierry de Ville d'Avray, Romain David, Melih Ertan Ҫinar, Drosos Koutsoubas, Jean-Pierre Féral, Christos Arvanitidis
BACKGROUND: Over the last decade, inventorying and monitoring of marine biodiversity has significantly benefited from the active engagement of volunteers. Although several Citizen Science projects concern tropical reef ecosystems worldwide, none of the existing initiatives has yet specifically focused on their Mediterranean equivalents. Mediterranean coralline reefs, known as "coralligenous", are bioherms primarily built by calcifying rhodophytes on hard substrates under dim-light conditions; they are considered hotspots of biodiversity and are extremely popular among divers due to their complex structure, conspicuous biological wealth and high aesthetic value...
2016: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917020/recent-approaches-in-designing-bioadhesive-materials-inspired-by-mussel-adhesive-protein
#14
REVIEW
Pegah Kord Forooshani, Bruce P Lee
Marine mussels secret protein-based adhesives, which enable them to anchor to various surfaces in a saline, intertidal zone. Mussel foot proteins (Mfps) contain a large abundance of a unique, catecholic amino acid, Dopa, in their protein sequences. Catechol offers robust and durable adhesion to various substrate surfaces and contributes to the curing of the adhesive plaques. In this article, we review the unique features and the key functionalities of Mfps, catechol chemistry, and strategies for preparing catechol-functionalized polymers...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Polymer Science. Part A, Polymer Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913017/marine-anthropogenic-litter-on-british-beaches-a-10-year-nationwide-assessment-using-citizen-science-data
#15
S E Nelms, C Coombes, L C Foster, T S Galloway, B J Godley, P K Lindeque, M J Witt
Growing evidence suggests that anthropogenic litter, particularly plastic, represents a highly pervasive and persistent threat to global marine ecosystems. Multinational research is progressing to characterise its sources, distribution and abundance so that interventions aimed at reducing future inputs and clearing extant litter can be developed. Citizen science projects, whereby members of the public gather information, offer a low-cost method of collecting large volumes of data with considerable temporal and spatial coverage...
February 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898247/challenges-for-the-maintenance-and-cryopreservation-of-multiple-isolates-of-model-microorganisms-an-example-using-the-marine-diatom-skeletonema-marinoi
#16
John G Day, Simon Tytor, Jenny Egardt, Monica Applegren, Cecilia Rad-Menéndez, Olga Chepurnova, Wim Vyverman, Anna Godhe
Modern genomic and metabolomic tools have provided the possibility of generating and interrogating large datasets that can provide answers to previously imponderable taxonomic, evolutionary, ecological, and physiological questions. However, the curatorial tools needed to provide and maintain the relevant biological resources on which new knowledge can be built have not kept pace with this meteoric rise in scientific capacity, its associated activity, or the huge increase in published science. The availability of biological material of guaranteed identity and quality in Biological Resource Centers is fundamental for scientific research, but it crucially depends on there being adequate preservation/maintenance methods that are capable of ensuring phenotypic, genotypic, and functional security of the biological material(s)...
November 29, 2016: Biopreservation and Biobanking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876949/new-occurrence-of-parasitic-isopod-argathona-sp-stebbing-1905-from-epinephelus-undulosus-in-the-tuticorin-coast-gulf-of-mannar-region
#17
Gurusamy Chelladurai, Srinivasan Balakrishanan, Ganapathy Rameshkumar, Kannan Banumathi
In the present study of Epinephelus undulosus captured in gillnets from the inshore waters of Tuticorin, Gulf of Mannar region during December 2014. The present findings represent the first occurrence of Argathona sp. and here in reported. The materials examined were deposited at the Kamaraj College, Marine Biological Research Laboratory, Tuticorin, India. The parasitological indexes were calculated. The site of attachment of the parasites on their hosts was also observed. Host-parasite relationships are considered and these parasites can cause the damage in gill, eye and internal organ including swim bladder...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866626/seaweeds-a-resource-for-marine-bionanotechnology
#18
Sri Ramkumar Vijayan, Prakash Santhiyagu, Ramasubburayan Ramasamy, Pugazhendhi Arivalagan, Gopalakrishnan Kumar, Kannapiran Ethiraj, Babu Rajendran Ramaswamy
Marine bionanotechnology is one of the most promising areas of research in modern science and technology. Although there are multitude methods for the synthesis of nanoparticles (NPs), there is an increasing attention in developing high-yield, low-cost, non-toxic and eco-friendly procedures. The vital advantages of greener synthesis are cost-effective, reduced usage of toxic chemicals and abundant availability of resources. During the last ten years, there have been many biological entities used to elevate novel, greener and affordable methods for the metal NPs synthesis...
December 2016: Enzyme and Microbial Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848719/results-from-spain-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#19
Blanca Roman-Viñas, Jorge Marin, Mairena Sánchez-López, Susana Aznar, Rosaura Leis, Raquel Aparicio-Ugarriza, Helmut Schroder, Rocío Ortiz-Moncada, German Vicente, Marcela González-Gross, Lluís Serra-Majem
BACKGROUND: The first Active Healthy Kids Spanish Report Card aims to gather the most robust information about physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior of children and adolescents. METHODS: A Research Working Group of experts on PA and sport sciences was convened. A comprehensive data search, based on a review of the literature, dissertations, gray literature, and experts' nonpublished data, was conducted to identify the best sources to grade each indicator following the procedures and methodology outlined by the Active Healthy Kids Canada Report Card model...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844012/description-of-a-myxozoan-parasite-myxobolus-sp-n-pkb2014-from-an-edible-fish-with-emphasis-on-its-molecular-characterization
#20
Somerita Panda, Subarna Ghosh, Probir Kumar Bandyopadhyay
In India, more than 104 species of Myxobolus have so far been reported infecting freshwater as well as marine fishes. The study focuses on the description of a new myxosporean species, Myxobolus sp.n PKB 2014 from the gill lamellae of an Indian major carp Labeo rohita. The species have been described on the basis of morphological characterization of the spores, tissue architecture and 18S rDNA sequence data. The plasmodia of Myxobolus sp.n PKB 2014 were round in shape measuring, 50 to 70 μm in diameter and spores were ellipsoidal in frontal view measures 14...
December 2015: Molecular Biology Research Communications
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