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Marine Science

Sreeja Lakshmi, Parvathi Prakash, Musthafa M Essa, Walid M Qoronfleh, Mohammed Akbar, Byoung-Joon Song, Suresh Kumar, Preetham Elumalai
Alzheimer's disease (AD ) is mounting as social and economic encumbrance which are accompanied by deficits in cognition and memory. Over the past decades, Alzheimer's disease (AD) holds the frontline as one of the biggest healthcare issues in the world. AD is an age related neurodegenerative disorder marked by a decline in memory and an impairment of cognition. Inspite of tedious scientific effort, AD is still devoid of pharmacotherapeutic strategies for treatment as well as prevention. Current treatment strategies using drugs are symbolic in nature as they treat disease manifestation though are found effective in treating cognition...
June 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Elite Edition)
Walter Munk, Carl Wunsch
In this interview, Carl Wunsch talks with Walter Munk about his career in oceanography; his relationships with scientists such as Harald Sverdrup, Roger Revelle, Walfrid Ekman, Carl Rossby, Carl Ekart, Henry Stommel, and G.I. Taylor; technological advances over the decades; and his thoughts on the future of the field. Expected final online publication date for the Annual Review of Marine Science Volume 11 is January 3, 2019. Please see for revised estimates...
May 11, 2018: Annual Review of Marine Science
Daniel J Livorsi, Margaret L Chorazy, Marin L Schweizer, Erin C Balkenende, Amy E Blevins, Rajeshwari Nair, Matthew H Samore, Richard E Nelson, Karim Khader, Eli N Perencevich
Background: Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) pose an urgent public health threat in the United States. An important step in planning and monitoring a national response to CRE is understanding its epidemiology and associated outcomes. We conducted a systematic literature review of studies that investigated incidence and outcomes of CRE infection in the US. Methods: We performed searches in MEDLINE via Ovid, CDSR, DARE, CENTRAL, NHS EED, Scopus, and Web of Science for articles published from 1/1/2000 to 2/1/2016 about the incidence and outcomes of CRE at US sites...
2018: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
Cameron Deans, Luca Marmugi, Ferruccio Renzoni
We report on a 2×2 array of radio-frequency atomic magnetometers in a magnetic induction tomography configuration. Active detection, localization, and real-time tracking of conductive, nonmagnetic targets are demonstrated in air and saline water. Penetration in different media and detection are achieved thanks to the sensitivity and tunability of the sensors, and to the active nature of magnetic induction probing. We obtained a 100% success rate for automatic detection and a 93% success rate for automatic localization in air and water, up to 190 mm away from the sensor plane (100 mm underwater)...
April 1, 2018: Applied Optics
Thomaz Mansini Carrenho Fabrin, Nathália Alves Diamante, Thaís Fernandes Mendonça Mota, Nédia de Castilhos Ghisi, Sônia Maria Alves Pinto Prioli, Alberto José Prioli
The preservation of natural environments guarantees the conservation of biodiversity and ecosystem processes. Biomonitoring programs in preserved sites can be carried out using molecular biomarkers, which reflect possible stresses that exist in the monitored location. The metallothionein (MT) proteins and isoenzyme Cytochrome P4501A (CYP4501A) are among the most used biomarkers and reflect the detoxification of metal and organic xenobiotics, respectively. This study aimed to assess the performance of these biomarkers in natural aquatic environments using a meta-analytic approach...
April 21, 2018: Chemosphere
Charles F Adams, Larry A Alade, Christopher M Legault, Loretta O'Brien, Michael C Palmer, Katherine A Sosebee, Michele L Traver
The spatial distribution of nine Northwest Atlantic groundfish stocks was documented using spatial indicators based on Northeast Fisheries Science Center spring and fall bottom trawl survey data, 1963-2016. We then evaluated the relative importance of population size, fishing pressure and bottom temperature on spatial distribution with an information theoretic approach. Northward movement in the spring was generally consistent with prior analyses, whereas changes in depth distribution and area occupancy were not...
2018: PloS One
Jarred Prudencio, Timothy Cutler, Stephanie Roberts, Stephanie Marin, Machelle Wilson
BACKGROUND: Clinical pharmacy services were initiated at 7 of 11 clinics within a primary care network (PCN), which was designated as a patient-centered medical home and was affiliated with a large academic medical center in October 2014. The goal of the service was to target patients with uncontrolled chronic conditions, specifically diabetes. Patients met with a clinical pharmacist through individual clinic and telephonic appointments, in addition to usual appointments with physicians as needed...
May 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
Geoff Boxshall
Fifty species of sea lice, members of the family Caligidae, were collected from the marine fishes of Moreton Bay, Queensland, during two workshops held in 2016. Only 21 of these species had previously been reported from Australian waters: of the remaining 29 species, 13 are new to science and another 16 are recorded from Australia for the first time. An illustrated differential diagnosis is presented for well known species; but for new or poorly known species a full description is provided. The 13 new species are: Anuretes amplus sp...
March 18, 2018: Zootaxa
Britta Schaffelke, Katharina Fabricius, Frederieke Kroon, Jon Brodie, Glenn De'ath, Roger Shaw, Diane Tarte, Michael Warne, Peter Thorburn
This is a response to the published Viewpoint by Larcombe and Ridd (2018). We agree with Larcombe and Ridd (2018) that scientific merit goes hand in hand with rigorous quality control. However, we are responding here to several points raised by Larcombe and Ridd (2018) which in our view were misrepresented. We describe the formal and effective science review, synthesis and advice processes that are in place for science supporting decision-making in the Great Barrier Reef. We also respond in detail to critiques of selected publications that were used by Larcombe and Ridd (2018) as a case study to illustrate shortcomings in science quality control...
April 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Peter I Macreadie, Dianne L McLean, Paul G Thomson, Julian C Partridge, Daniel O B Jones, Andrew R Gates, Mark C Benfield, Shaun P Collin, David J Booth, Luke L Smith, Erika Techera, Danielle Skropeta, Tammy Horton, Charitha Pattiaratchi, Todd Bond, Ashley M Fowler
For thousands of years humankind has sought to explore our oceans. Evidence of this early intrigue dates back to 130,000BCE, but the advent of remotely operated vehicles (ROVs) in the 1950s introduced technology that has had significant impact on ocean exploration. Today, ROVs play a critical role in both military (e.g. retrieving torpedoes and mines) and salvage operations (e.g. locating historic shipwrecks such as the RMS Titanic), and are crucial for oil and gas (O&G) exploration and operations. Industrial ROVs collect millions of observations of our oceans each year, fueling scientific discoveries...
April 11, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Fayez A Bakry, Marwa Th Atwa, Marwa M Attia
Aim: The present study aims to focus on the role of common marine snails ( Littorina littorea) as a vector for some trematode parasites. Materials and Methods: A total of 327 marine water L. littorea snails were collected during the summer of 2016 from a Qarun lake in the EL-Fayoum Governorate, Egypt. The snails were investigated for infection by trematode parthenitae through induction of cercarial shedding by exposure to light and crushing the snails. The species were stored in Search Laboratory of Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Fayoum University...
March 2018: Veterinary World
Karlie S McDonald, Alistair J Hobday, Elizabeth A Fulton, Peter A Thompson
The effects of anthropogenic global environmental change on biotic and abiotic processes have been reported in aquatic systems across the world. Complex synergies between concurrent environmental stressors and the resilience of the system to regime shifts, which vary in space and time, determine the capacity for marine systems to maintain structure and function with global environmental change. Consequently, an interdisciplinary approach that facilitates the development of new methods for the exchange of knowledge between scientists across multiple scales is required to effectively understand, quantify and predict climate impacts on marine ecosystem services...
April 14, 2018: Global Change Biology
Antonio Trincone
After generating much interest in the past as an aid in solving structural problems for complex molecules such as polysaccharides, carbohydrate-hydrolyzing enzymes of marine origin still appear as interesting biocatalysts for a range of useful applications in strong interdisciplinary fields such as green chemistry and similar domains. The multifaceted fields in which these enzymes are of interest and the scarce number of original articles in literature prompted us to provide the specialized analysis here reported...
April 13, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Feifei Zhang, Stephen J Romaniello, Thomas J Algeo, Kimberly V Lau, Matthew E Clapham, Sylvain Richoz, Achim D Herrmann, Harrison Smith, Micha Horacek, Ariel D Anbar
Explaining the ~5-million-year delay in marine biotic recovery following the latest Permian mass extinction, the largest biotic crisis of the Phanerozoic, is a fundamental challenge for both geological and biological sciences. Ocean redox perturbations may have played a critical role in this delayed recovery. However, the lack of quantitative constraints on the details of Early Triassic oceanic anoxia (for example, time, duration, and extent) leaves the links between oceanic conditions and the delayed biotic recovery ambiguous...
April 2018: Science Advances
Diego Teyssonneau, Marine Gross-Goupil, Charlotte Domblides, Thibaud Haaser, Vincent Pointillart, Amaury Daste, Olivier Hauger, Alain Ravaud
Kidney cancer is the 9th most common cancer in men and the 14th most common in women worldwide. Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) constitutes 90% of all malignancies of the kidney. RCC, is known to be highly vascular and relatively radioresistant. Bone metastases are one of the most common metastatic sites and occur in around 30% of RCCs. They significantly impact the quality of life of patients causing pain and pathological fractures. Spinal metastases represent a particular case with regard to symptoms and treatment...
May 2018: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
Patricia Miloslavich, Nicholas J Bax, Samantha E Simmons, Eduardo Klein, Ward Appeltans, Octavio Aburto-Oropeza, Melissa Andersen Garcia, Sonia D Batten, Lisandro Benedetti-Cecchi, David M Checkley, Sanae Chiba, J Emmett Duffy, Daniel C Dunn, Albert Fischer, John Gunn, Raphael Kudela, Francis Marsac, Frank E Muller-Karger, David Obura, Yunne-Jai Shin
Sustained observations of marine biodiversity and ecosystems focused on specific conservation and management problems are needed around the world to effectively mitigate or manage changes resulting from anthropogenic pressures. These observations, while complex and expensive, are required by the international scientific, governance and policy communities to provide baselines against which the effects of human pressures and climate change may be measured and reported, and resources allocated to implement solutions...
April 5, 2018: Global Change Biology
Julie A Keating, Chidi Obasi, Linda McKinley, Jackson Musuuza, Mary Jo Knobloch, Christopher Crnich, Charlesnika T Evans, Martin Evans, Daniel Livorsi, Daniel J Morgan, Eli Perencevich, Heather Schacht Reisinger, Marin L Schweizer, Katie J Suda, Nasia Safdar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2, 2018: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
Peter Weißhuhn, Felix Müller, Hubert Wiggering
To safeguard the sustainable use of ecosystems and their services, early detection of potentially damaging changes in functional capabilities is needed. To support a proper ecosystem management, the analysis of an ecosystem's vulnerability provide information on its weaknesses as well as on its capacity to recover after suffering an impact. However, the application of the vulnerability concept to ecosystems is still an emerging topic. After providing background on the vulnerability concept, we summarize existing ecosystem vulnerability research on the basis of a systematic literature review with a special focus on ecosystem type, disciplinary background, and more detailed definition of the ecosystem vulnerability components...
March 14, 2018: Environmental Management
Nastassia V Patin, Zoe A Pratte, Matthew Regensburger, Eric Hall, Kailen Gilde, Alistair D M Dove, Frank J Stewart
Artificial habitats for animals have high commercial and societal value. Microbial communities (microbiomes) in such habitats may play ecological roles similar to those in nature. However, this hypothesis remains largely untested. Georgia Aquarium's Ocean Voyager (OV) exhibit is a closed-system aquatic habitat that mimics the oligotrophic open ocean and houses thousands of large marine animals, including fish, sea turtles, and whale sharks. We present a 14-month time series characterizing the OV water column microbiome...
May 15, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Michael G Sorice, C Josh Donlan, Kevin J Boyle, Weibin Xu, Stefan Gelcich
Payments for ecosystem services programs have become common tools but most have failed to achieve wide-ranging conservation outcomes. The capacity for scale and impact increases when PES programs are designed through the lens of the potential participants, yet this has received little attention in research or practice. Our work with small-scale marine fisheries integrates the social science of PES programs and provides a framework for designing programs that focus a priori on scaling. In addition to payments, desirable non-monetary program attributes and ecological feedbacks attract a wider range of potential participants into PES programs, including those who have more negative attitudes and lower trust...
2018: PloS One
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