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Job Demands

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054747/u-s-army-physical-demands-study-identification-and-validation-of-the-physically-demanding-tasks-of-combat-arms-occupations
#1
Marilyn A Sharp, Bruce S Cohen, Michael W Boye, Stephen A Foulis, Jan E Redmond, Kathleen Larcom, Jay R Hydren, Deborah L Gebhardt, Maria C Canino, Bradley J Warr, Edward J Zambraski
OBJECTIVES: In 2013, the U.S. Army began developing physical tests to predict a recruit's ability to perform the critical, physically demanding tasks (CPDTs) of combat arms jobs previously not open to women. The purpose of this paper is to describe the methodology and results of analyses of the accuracy and inclusiveness of the critical physically demanding task list. While the job analysis included seven combat arms jobs, only data from the 19D Cavalry Scout occupation are presented as the process was similar for all seven jobs...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048953/community-health-workers-in-the-united-states-challenges-in-identifying-surveying-and-supporting-the-workforce
#2
Samantha Sabo, Caitlin G Allen, Katherine Sutkowi, Ashley Wennerstrom
Community health workers (CHWs) are members of a growing profession in the United States. Studying this dynamic labor force is challenging, in part because its members have more than 100 different job titles. The demand for timely, accurate information about CHWs is increasing as the profession gains recognition for its ability to improve health outcomes and reduce costs. Although numerous surveys of CHWs have been conducted, the field lacks well-delineated methods for gaining access to this hard-to-identify workforce...
October 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047349/professional-identity-career-choices-and-working-conditions-of-future-and-young-dentists-in-germany-study-design-and-methods-of-a-nationwide-comprehensive-survey
#3
Nele Kettler, Nicolas Frenzel Baudisch, Wolfgang Micheelis, David Klingenberger, A Rainer Jordan
BACKGROUND: Little is known regarding young and future dentists' career choices, professional identity, and working conditions in Germany. While the dental healthcare environment and demands in treatment are changing, it remains unclear what job perceptions young dentists have developed at the beginning of their work life and if and how these perceptions change during the subsequent years. The aim of this study was to survey future and young dentists regarding their professional identity, planned career paths, and working conditions and strains to understand career decisions and choices and enable policy makers to include future dentists' views and expectations in their decisions...
October 18, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046491/factors-associated-with-adherence-to-recommendations-to-visit-a-physician-after-annual-health-checkups-among-japanese-employees-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#4
Eiko Goto, Hirono Ishikawa, Tsuyoshi Okuhara, Mio Kato, Masafumi Okada, Takahiro Kiuchi
Periodic health checkups constitute an important public health strategy to prevent the onset of diseases and promote healthy behaviors. However, adherence to recommendations to undergo further medical examination after annual health checkups is not necessarily high. This study examined the factors related to adherence to recommendations among Japanese employees. We conducted a cross-sectional study of 219 employees who had ignored recommendations to visit a physician for the previous 3 years; we assessed their work- and life-related factors, health status, and health literacy...
October 19, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036873/fighting-against-a-shortage-of-truck-drivers-in-logistics-measures-that-employers-can-take-to-promote-drivers-work-ability-and-health
#5
Ulrike Staats, Daniela Lohaus, Alina Christmann, Michèle Woitschek
BACKGROUND: For several years, the transportation industry has been concerned about a severe shortage of professional truck drivers. Studies investigating the reasons found that poor working conditions and stresses and strains resulting from physiological and psychological job demands have had a negative impact on drivers' health and ability to work. Nevertheless, until now, most employers have refrained from offering measures to support the work ability and well-being of drivers, mainly due to financial pressures in the industry...
October 10, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036871/monitoring-of-need-for-recovery-and-prolonged-fatigue-within-the-working-population-evaluation-of-reliability-and-agreement-over-time
#6
H Hoofs, N W H Jansen, M W J Jansen, I J Kant
BACKGROUND: Need for recovery (NFR) and prolonged fatigue are two important concepts for monitoring short- and long-term outcomes of psychological job demands within employees. For effective monitoring it is, however, important to gain insight in the reproducibility of the instruments that are usedOBJECTIVE:The objective was to assess reproducibility of the NFR scale and Checklist Individual Strength (CIS), measuring NFR and prolonged fatigue respectively, in the working population. METHODS: Longitudinal data from the Maastricht Cohort Study (MCS) study was used, capturing 12,140 employees from 45 different companies at baseline...
October 8, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036868/a-modified-job-demand-control-support-model-for-active-duty-police
#7
Elisabeth Elgmark Andersson, Louise Bæk Larsen, Nerrolyn Ramstrand
BACKGROUND: The Job demand control support model (JDCS) is one of the most widely used theoretical models relating job characteristics to health and wellbeing. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the predictive power of the JDCS model for determining job satisfaction and fatigue in uniformed Swedish police. An additional aim was to determine if predictive power of the model would be improved with the addition of two occupation specific items. METHODS: Questionnaire data, based upon the Swedish Work Environment Survey were collected from Swedish police (n = 4244)...
October 8, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032390/psychosocial-work-environment-and-mental-health-related-long-term-sickness-absence-among-nurses
#8
Corné A M Roelen, Marieke F A van Hoffen, Siri Waage, Wilmar B Schaufeli, Jos W R Twisk, Bjørn Bjorvatn, Bente E Moen, Ståle Pallesen
PURPOSE: We investigated which job demands and job resources were predictive of mental health-related long-term sickness absence (LTSA) in nurses. METHODS: The data of 2059 nurses were obtained from the Norwegian survey of Shift work, Sleep and Health. Job demands (psychological demands, role conflict, and harassment at the workplace) and job resources (social support at work, role clarity, and fair leadership) were measured at baseline and linked to mental health-related LTSA during 2-year follow-up...
October 14, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026930/-burnout-a%C3%A2-call-for-action
#9
REVIEW
C S Hartog
BACKGROUND: Burnout is an emerging topic and has recently been the subject of a position paper of the US American Society of Critical Care Medicine. OBJECTIVES: To give an overview over prevalence, causes, and relevance of burnout in intensive care unit (ICU) clinicians and point to potential prevention strategies MATERIALS AND METHODS: Narrative review. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Burnout is a job-related state which results from long-lasting, permanent work overload when short spells of recreation, for instance during the weekend, are not effective to reduce exhaustion, vegetative symptoms, loss of efficiency, and depersonalization...
October 12, 2017: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026404/investigation-of-the-relationship-between-structural-empowerment-and-organizational-commitment-of-nurses-in-zanjan-hospitals
#10
Fereidoun Eskandari, Soheila Rabie Siahkali, Alireza Shoghli, Mehrnoosh Pazargadi, Mansoreh Zaghari Tafreshi
BACKGROUND: The demanding nature of nursing work environments signals longstanding and growing concerns about nurses' health and job satisfaction and the provision of quality care. Specifically in health care settings, nurse leaders play an essential role in creating supportive work environments to avert these negative trends and increase nurse job satisfaction. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between structural empowerment and organizational commitment of nurses...
March 2017: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019798/the-return-to-literature-making-doctors-matter-in-the-new-era-of-medicine
#11
Daniel Marchalik
The rapid explosion of medical knowledge of the 19th and 20th centuries required a transformation in medical education, which, to that point, had been marked by low educational standards. To combat the lack of regulation, the 1910 Flexner Report recommended sweeping reforms. By 1930, students hoping to enroll in a medical school would need to complete courses in chemistry, physics, and biology, leaving little room for the liberal arts.Medicine is once again changing. The impact of artificial intelligence is being felt across all medical fields, and the nature of physicians' jobs in the new landscape of intelligent machines will inevitably also have to change...
October 10, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018867/changes-in-working-conditions-and-major-weight-gain-among-normal-and-overweight-midlife-employees
#12
Riikka Niskanen, Ansku Holstila, Ossi Rahkonen, Tea Lallukka
Objectives We aimed to examine the association between changes in psychosocial working conditions and major weight gain among midlife women and men. Furthermore, we examined the associations separately among normal- and overweight participants. Methods We used survey data among employees of the City of Helsinki, Finland, from 2000-2002 (phase 1, N=8960), 2007 (phase 2, N=7332), and 2012 (phase 3, N=6814), with a final study sample of 4369 participants. We examined changes in job strain, job demands, and job control from phase 1 to 2...
October 11, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016982/burnout-in-belgian-physicians-and-nurses
#13
S Vandenbroeck, E Van Gerven, H De Witte, K Vanhaecht, L Godderis
Background: Burnout in healthcare is a worldwide problem. However, most studies focus narrowly on work-related factors and outcomes in one health profession or speciality. Aims: To investigate the prevalence of burnout and its association with job demands, job resources, individual well-being, work-related attitudes and behaviour in physicians and nurses across different specialties. Methods: Multi-centre cross-sectional study of physicians and nurses working in Belgian hospitals...
September 6, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016953/sleep-problems-among-chinese-clinical-nurses-working-in-general-hospitals
#14
H Dong, Q Zhang, Z Sun, F Sang, Y Xu
Background: Epidemiological data evaluating sleep problems in clinical nurses in mainland China are scarce and an association between sleep problems and occupational stress has not been investigated. Aims: To assess the prevalence of sleep problems and associated factors and determine their association with occupational stress among clinical nurses in general hospitals. Methods: Nurses were selected through random cluster sampling. They answered a self-administered questionnaire, which included sociodemographic and occupational variables, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) scoring system and the Job Content Questionnaire for evaluating occupational stress...
September 9, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016877/work-related-stress-assessed-by-a-text-message-single-item-stress-question
#15
B Arapovic-Johansson, C Wåhlin, L Kwak, C Björklund, I Jensen
Background: Given the prevalence of work stress-related ill-health in the Western world, it is important to find cost-effective, easy-to-use and valid measures which can be used both in research and in practice. Aims: To examine the validity and reliability of the single-item stress question (SISQ), distributed weekly by short message service (SMS) and used for measurement of work-related stress. Methods: The convergent validity was assessed through associations between the SISQ and subscales of the Job Demand-Control-Support model, the Effort-Reward Imbalance model and scales measuring depression, exhaustion and sleep...
August 18, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994454/healthcare-professionals-work-engagement-in-finnish-university-hospitals
#16
Sari Lepistö, Seija Alanen, Pirjo Aalto, Päivi Järvinen, Kaija Leino, Elina Mattila, Marja Kaunonen
BACKGROUND: Concerns about the sufficiency and dedication of the healthcare workforce have arisen as the baby boomer generation is retiring and the generation Y might have different working environment demands. AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: To describe the association between work engagement of healthcare professionals' and its background factors at five Finnish university hospitals. METHODS: Survey data were collected from nurses, physicians and administrative staff (n = 561) at all five university hospitals in Finland...
October 10, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993575/the-reciprocal-relationship-between-sickness-presenteeism-and-psychological-distress-in-response-to-job-stressors-evidence-from-a-three-wave-cohort-study
#17
Takashi Oshio, Akizumi Tsutsumi, Akiomi Inoue, Tomoko Suzuki, Koichi Miyaki
OBJECTIVES: Sickness presenteeism (SP) is postulated as workers' response to their general state of health; hence, SP is expected to affect workers' future health. In the present study, we examined the reciprocal relationship between SP and health in response to job stressors, with specific reference to psychological distress (PD) as workers' state of health. METHODS: We conducted mediation analysis, using data from a three-wave cohort occupational survey conducted at 1-year intervals in Japan; it involved 1,853 employees (1,661 men and 192 women) of a manufacturing firm...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992576/when-the-party-continues-impulsivity-and-the-effect-of-employment-on-young-adults-post-college-alcohol-use
#18
I M Geisner, J Koopmann, P Bamberger, M Wang, M E Larimer, I Nahum-Shani, S Bacharach
BACKGROUND: The transition from college to work is both an exciting and potentially high risk time for young adults. As students transition from academic settings to full-time employment, they must navigate new social demands, work demands, and adjust their drinking behaviors accordingly. Research has shown that there are both protective factors and risk factors associated with starting a new job when it comes to alcohol use, and individual differences can moderate these factors. METHOD: 1361 students were recruited from 4 geographically diverse universities and followed 1month pre- and 1month post-graduation...
September 28, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991274/riesgos-psicosociales-y-estr%C3%A3-s-como-predictores-del-burnout-en-m%C3%A3-dicos-internos-residentes-en-el-servicio-de-urgencias
#19
María Fernández-Prada, Joaquín González-Cabrera, Concepción Iribar-Ibabe, José María Peinado
Objetivo: Evaluar el estrés, los riesgos psicosociales asociados al puesto de trabajo y el burnout en un grupo de residentes en el servicio de urgencias; y analizar qué variables se relacionan y predicen mejor el burnout. Método: Estudio analítico y transversal en el que han participado 42 médicos internos residentes que hacen guardias en el servicio de urgencias del Hospital Universitario San Cecilio, Granada. Se han utilizado la versión adaptada al español de la Perceived Stress Scale para evaluar el estrés, el Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) para valorar el desgaste profesional, y el cuestionario adaptado y baremado para la autoevaluación de riesgos psicosociales en el trabajo (CopSoQ-ISTAS21)...
2017: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991270/how-job-and-family-demands-impact-change-in-perceived-stress-a-dyadic-study
#20
Ewelina Smoktunowicz, Roman Cieślak
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this two-wave study has been to test the spillover and crossover of job and family demands on changes in perceived stress at work and in the family. Specifically, we proposed that demands from one domain (work or family) spilled over to another domain through interrrole conflict (work-family/family-work conflict) and context-specific self-efficacy. Additionally, we hypothesized that changes in perceived stress were impacted not only by a person's own demands through interrole conflict but also by the demands of one's significant other, in the process of crossover...
October 9, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
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