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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919063/predictors-of-low-back-pain-in-nursing-home-workers-after-implementation-of-a-safe-resident-handling-programme
#1
Judith E Gold, Laura Punnett, Rebecca J Gore
OBJECTIVES: Healthcare workers have high rates of low back pain (LBP) related to handling patients. A large chain of nursing homes experienced reduced biomechanical load, compensation claims and costs following implementation of a safe resident handling programme (SRHP). The aim of this study was to examine whether LBP similarly declined and whether it was associated with relevant self-reported occupational exposures or personal health factors. METHODS: Worker surveys were conducted on multiple occasions beginning with the week of first SRHP introduction (baseline)...
November 10, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918932/a-comparison-of-working-in-small-scale-and-large-scale-nursing-homes-a-systematic-review-of-quantitative-and-qualitative-evidence
#2
REVIEW
Lander Vermeerbergen, Geert Van Hootegem, Jos Benders
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Ongoing shortages of care workers, together with an ageing population, make it of utmost importance to increase the quality of working life in nursing homes. Since the 1970s, normalised and small-scale nursing homes have been increasingly introduced to provide care in a family and homelike environment, potentially providing a richer work life for care workers as well as improved living conditions for residents. 'Normalised' refers to the opportunities given to residents to live in a manner as close as possible to the everyday life of persons not needing care...
November 13, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916880/emotional-labour-and-wellbeing-what-protects-nurses
#3
Gail Kinman, Sandra Leggetter
Although compassionate care has wide-ranging benefits for patients, it can be emotionally demanding for healthcare staff. This may be a particular problem for those with little experience in a caring role. This study utilises the job demands-resources model to examine links between "emotional labour" and emotional exhaustion in student nurses. In line with the triple-match principle-whereby interactive effects are more likely when job demands, resources, and outcomes are within the same qualitative domain-the protective role of emotional support and emotion-focused coping (i...
November 30, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904171/temporal-issues-in-person-organization-fit-person-job-fit-and-turnover-the-role-of-leader-member-exchange
#4
Corine Boon, Michal Biron
Person-environment fit has been found to have significant implications for employee attitudes and behaviors. Most research to date has approached person-environment fit as a static phenomenon, and without examining how different types of person-environment fit may affect each other. In particular, little is known about the conditions under which fit with one aspect of the environment influences another aspect, as well as subsequent behavior. To address this gap we examine the role of leader-member exchange in the relationship between two types of person-environment fit over time: person-organization and person-job fit, and subsequent turnover...
December 2016: Human Relations; Studies Towards the Integration of the Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898512/cancer-related-cognitive-impairment-and-patients-ability-to-work-a-current-perspective
#5
Saskia F A Duijts, Allard J van der Beek, Ingrid G Boelhouwer, Sanne B Schagen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: About half of all cancer survivors are 65 years of age or younger and potentially part of the labor force. Increasing numbers of these survivors are able to return to work (RTW) or even continue working during treatment. Many factors are known to inhibit occupational reintegration of cancer survivors, and further affect job performance after RTW. However, the impact of cancer-related cognitive impairment on work-related outcomes in cancer survivors is not well understood...
November 24, 2016: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890116/forms-of-work-organization-and-associations-with-shoulder-disorders-results-from-a-french-working-population
#6
Julie Bodin, Ronan Garlantézec, Nathalie Costet, Alexis Descatha, Natacha Fouquet, Sandrine Caroly, Yves Roquelaure
The aim of this study was to identify forms of work organization in a French region and to study associations with the occurrence of symptomatic and clinically diagnosed shoulder disorders in workers. Workers were randomly included in this cross-sectional study from 2002 to 2005. Sixteen organizational variables were assessed by a self-administered questionnaire: i.e. shift work, job rotation, repetitiveness of tasks, paced work/automatic rate, work pace dependent on quantified targets, permanent controls or surveillance, colleagues' work and customer demand, and eight variables measuring decision latitude...
March 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888173/association-between-job-stress-and-occupational-injuries-among-korean-firefighters-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-study
#7
Yeong-Kwang Kim, Yeon-Soon Ahn, KyooSang Kim, Jin-Ha Yoon, Jaehoon Roh
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the nature of association between job stress and occupational injuries among firefighters in Korea. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: We conducted a nationwide survey using self-reported questionnaires in South Korea. PARTICIPANTS: A survey was conducted among 30 630 firefighters; 25 616 (83.6%) responded. Our study included firefighters who were 20-59 years old. Individuals with <12 months of current job experience and those with missing data were excluded; ultimately, 14 991 firefighters were analysed...
November 25, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882630/workplace-stress-burnout-and-coping-a-qualitative-study-of-the-experiences-of-australian-disability-support-workers
#8
Megan J Judd, Kate P Dorozenko, Lauren J Breen
Disability support workers (DSWs) are the backbone of contemporary disability support services and the interface through which disability philosophies and policies are translated into practical action. DSWs often experience workplace stress and burnout, resulting in a high turnover rate of employees within the non-professional disability service workforce. The full implementation of the National Disability Insurance Scheme in Australia is set to intensify the current challenges of attracting and retaining DSWs, as the role becomes characterised by greater demands, ambiguity and conflict...
November 23, 2016: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875925/the-application-of-subjective-job-task-analysis-techniques-in-physically-demanding-occupations-evidence-for-the-presence-of-self-serving-bias
#9
Benjamin Lee-Bates, Daniel C Billing, Peter Caputi, Greg L Carstairs, Denise Linnane, Kane Middleton
The aim of this study was to determine if perceptions of physically demanding job tasks are biased by employee' demographics and employment profile characteristics including: age, sex, experience, length of tenure, rank, and if they completed or supervised a task. Surveys were administered to 427 Royal Australian Navy personnel who characterised 33 tasks in terms of physical effort, importance, frequency, duration and vertical/horizontal distance travelled. Results showed no evidence of bias resulting from participant characteristics, however participants who were actively involved in both task participation and supervision rated these tasks as more important than those involved only in the supervision of that task...
November 23, 2016: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871209/work-family-conflict-and-neck-and-back-pain-in-surgical-nurses
#10
Heiner Baur, Simone Grebner, Angela Blasimann, Anja Hirschmüller, Eva Johanna Kubosch, Achim Elfering
Purpose Surgical nurses' work is physically and mentally demanding, possibly leading to work-family conflict (WFC). The current study tests WFC to be a risk factor for neck and lower back pain (LBP). Job influence and social support are tested as resources that could buffer the detrimental impact of WFC. Methods Forty-eight surgical nurses from two university hospitals in Germany and Switzerland were recruited. WFC was assessed with the work-family conflict scale. Job influence and social support were assessed with the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire, and back pain was assessed with the North American Spine Society Instrument...
November 22, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868356/the-impact-of-the-dementia-abc-educational-programme-on-competence-in-person-centred-dementia-care-and-job-satisfaction-of-care-staff
#11
Anne Marie Mork Rokstad, Betty Sandvik Døble, Knut Engedal, Øyvind Kirkevold, Jūratė Šaltytė Benth, Geir Selbaek
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to evaluate the impact of the Dementia ABC educational programme on the participants' competence in person-centred care and on their level of job satisfaction. BACKGROUND: The development of person-centred care for people with dementia is highly recommended, and staff training that enhances such an approach may positively influence job satisfaction and the possibility of recruiting and retaining competent care staff...
November 20, 2016: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862960/mindfulness-as-a-personal-resource-to-reduce-work-stress-in-the-job-demands-resources-model
#12
Steven L Grover, Stephen T T Teo, David Pick, Maree Roche
Based on the job demands-resources (JD-R) model, this study examines the different ways that the personal resource of mindfulness reduces stress. Structural equation modeling based on data from 415 Australian nurses shows that mindfulness relates directly and negatively to work stress and perceptions of emotional demands as well as buffering the relation of emotional demands on psychological stress. This study contributes to the literature by employing empirical analysis to the task of unravelling how personal resources function within the JD-R model...
November 9, 2016: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859839/work-family-conflict-and-enrichment-in-nurses-between-job-demands-perceived-organisational-support-and-work-family-backlash
#13
Chiara Ghislieri, Paola Gatti, Monica Molino, Claudio G Cortese
AIM: This study investigated how work relationships (perceived organisational support, supervisor and co-worker work-family backlash) and job demands (workload, emotional dissonance) can interact with work-family conflict and work-family enrichment. BACKGROUND: Despite the extensive literature on the work-family interface, few studies on the nursing profession have considered the role of job demands and work relationships, focusing on both the positive and negative side of the work-family interface...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852879/examining-the-sources-of-occupational-stress-in-an-emergency-department
#14
S Basu, C Yap, S Mason
BACKGROUND: Previous work has established that health care staff, in particular emergency department (ED) personnel, experience significant occupational stress but the underlying stressors have not been well quantified. Such data inform interventions that can reduce cases of occupational mental illness, burnout, staff turnover and early retirement associated with cumulative stress. AIMS: To develop, implement and evaluate a questionnaire examining the origins of occupational stress in the ED...
November 16, 2016: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852720/protocol-for-using-mixed-methods-and-process-improvement-methodologies-to-explore-primary-care-receptionist-work
#15
Ian Litchfield, Nicola Gale, Michael Burrows, Sheila Greenfield
INTRODUCTION: The need to cope with an increasingly ageing and multimorbid population has seen a shift towards preventive health and effective management of chronic disease. This places general practice at the forefront of health service provision with an increased demand that impacts on all members of the practice team. As these pressures grow, systems become more complex and tasks delegated across a broader range of staff groups. These include receptionists who play an essential role in the successful functioning of the surgery and are a major influence on patient satisfaction...
November 16, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847481/job-demands-engagement-and-turnover-intentions-in-polish-nurses-the-role-of-work-family-interface
#16
Anna M Dåderman, Beata A Basinska
Background: Poland has lower ratios of employed registered nurses per 1,000 inhabitants than the EU average. Polish nurses work under miserable conditions without assisting personnel, and they reconcile their professional demands with responsibilities for their families; 96% of them are women. Rationale/Aims: This study uses Hobfoll's conservation of resources (CORs) theory to explain the role of various resources in the improvement of work conditions in the nursing profession. Work-family conflict (WFC) and family work conflict (FWC) threaten to deplete nurses' resources...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847393/motivation-and-career-perceptions-of-dental-students-at-the-school-of-dental-medicine-university-of-zagreb-croatia
#17
Mihaela Kobale, Marija Klaić, Gabriela Bavrka, Marin Vodanović
PURPOSE: Health care studies are usually considered to be complex, demanding and time consuming. The right motivation toward choosing a career in the health field is of utmost importance for the successful completion of studies. The aim of this study was to gain insight into the factors motivating students at the School of Dental Medicine University of Zagreb, Croatia and, also, to examine their career perceptions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Based on specific questions from available literature, a questionnaire was designed and a total of 270 questionnaires were distributed to the first year students during 2013, 2014 and 2015...
September 2016: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846733/ethnicity-work-related-stress-and-subjective-reports-of-health-by-migrant-workers-a-multi-dimensional-model
#18
Roberto Capasso, Maria Clelia Zurlo, Andrew P Smith
OBJECTIVES: This study integrates different aspects of ethnicity and work-related stress dimensions (based on the Demands-Resources-Individual-Effects model, DRIVE [Mark, G. M., and A. P. Smith. 2008. "Stress Models: A Review and Suggested New Direction." In Occupational Health Psychology, edited by J. Houdmont and S. Leka, 111-144. Nottingham: Nottingham University Press]) and aims to test a multi-dimensional model that combines individual differences, ethnicity dimensions, work characteristics, and perceived job satisfaction/stress as independent variables in the prediction of subjectives reports of health by workers differing in ethnicity...
November 16, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830962/development-and-validation-of-a-prediction-model-for-long-term-sickness-absence-based-on-occupational-health-survey-variables
#19
Corné Roelen, Sannie Thorsen, Martijn Heymans, Jos Twisk, Ute Bültmann, Jakob Bjørner
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to develop and validate a prediction model for identifying employees at increased risk of long-term sickness absence (LTSA), by using variables commonly measured in occupational health surveys. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Based on the literature, 15 predictor variables were retrieved from the DAnish National working Environment Survey (DANES) and included in a model predicting incident LTSA (≥4 consecutive weeks) during 1-year follow-up in a sample of 4000 DANES participants...
November 10, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825325/adverse-trajectories-of-mental-health-problems-predict-subsequent-burnout-and-work-family-conflict-a-longitudinal-study-of-employed-women-with-children-followed-over-18%C3%A2-years
#20
Wendy Nilsen, Anni Skipstein, Evangelia Demerouti
BACKGROUND: The long-term consequence of experiencing mental health problems may lead to several adverse outcomes. The current study aims to validate previous identified trajectories of mental health problems from 1993 to 2006 in women by examining their implications on subsequent work and family-related outcomes in 2011. METHODS: Employed women (n = 439) with children were drawn from the Tracking Opportunities and Problems-Study (TOPP), a community-based longitudinal study following Norwegian families across 18 years...
November 8, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
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