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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431487/design-and-fuzzy-logic-control-of-an-active-wrist-orthosis
#1
Ergin Kilic, Erdi Dogan
People who perform excessive wrist movements throughout the day because of their professions have a higher risk of developing lateral and medial epicondylitis. If proper precautions are not taken against these diseases, serious consequences such as job loss and early retirement can occur. In this study, the design and control of an active wrist orthosis that is mobile, powerful and lightweight is presented as a means to avoid the occurrence and/or for the treatment of repetitive strain injuries in an effective manner...
April 1, 2017: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421641/it-is-not-just-about-occupation-but-also-about-where-you-work
#2
Hanne Berthelsen, Hugo Westerlund, Jari J Hakanen, Tage S Kristensen
OBJECTIVES: Dentistry is characterized by a meaningful but also stressful psychosocial working environment. Job satisfaction varies among staff working under different organizational forms. The aim of this study was to identify (i) to what extent crucial psychosocial work environment characteristics differ among occupations in general public dental clinics in Sweden, and (ii) how much of the variation within each occupation is attributable to the organizational level. METHODS: All staff (N=1782) employed in four public dental organizations received an email with personal log-in to an electronic questionnaire based on the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire...
April 18, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420131/work-characteristics-associated-with-physical-functioning-in-women
#3
Aimee J Palumbo, Anneclaire J De Roos, Carolyn Cannuscio, Lucy Robinson, Jana Mossey, Julie Weitlauf, Lorena Garcia, Robert Wallace, Yvonne Michael
Women make up almost half of the labor force with older women becoming a growing segment of the population. Work characteristics influence physical functioning and women are at particular risk for physical limitations. However, little research has explored the effects of work characteristics on women's physical functioning. U.S. women between the ages of 50 and 79 were enrolled in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study between 1993 and 1998. Women provided job titles and years worked at their three longest-held jobs (n = 79,147)...
April 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419626/influence-of-job-demands-and-job-control-on-work-life-balance-among-taiwanese-nurses
#4
Lee-Peng Ng, I-Chi Chen, Hui-Fuang Ng, Bo-Yen Lin, Lok-Sin Kuar
AIM: This study investigated the extent to which the job demands and job control of nurses were related to their work-life balance. BACKGROUND: The inability to achieve work-life balance is one of the major reasons for the declining retention rate among nurses. Job demands and job control are two major work domain factors that can have a significant influence on the work-life balance of nurses. METHOD: The study measured the job demands, job control and work-life balance of 2040 nurses in eight private hospitals in Taiwan in 2013...
April 16, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404500/psychosocial-job-stressors-and-thoughts-about-suicide-among-males-a-cross-sectional-study-from-the-first-wave-of-the-ten-to-men-cohort
#5
A Milner, D Currier, A D LaMontagne, M J Spittal, J Pirkis
OBJECTIVES: Psychosocial job stressors are known to be associated with poor mental health. This research seeks to assess the relationship between psychosocial working conditions and suicidal ideation using a large dataset of Australian males. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Data from wave 1 of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Male Health (Ten to Men) was used to assess the association between suicidal ideation in the past two weeks and psychosocial working conditions using logistic regression...
March 28, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402201/bullying-and-cyberbullying-in-adulthood-and-the-workplace
#6
Robin M Kowalski, Allison Toth, Megan Morgan
Two studies generated profiles of cyberbullying/cyberincivility and traditional bullying/incivility in adults, particularly within the workplace. In Study 1, 20% of 3,699 participants had the majority of cyberbullying victimization and 7.5% had the majority of traditional bullying victimization occur in adulthood, with 30% saying they were bullied at work. Relationships between bullying and negative outcomes were found. Because of the clear evidence of bullying and cyberbullying in the workplace in Study 1, Study 2 addressed the relationship of these constructs to workplace incivility...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401126/factors-associated-with-the-duration-of-disability-benefits-claims-among-canadian-workers-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#7
Sohail M Mulla, Sun Makosso-Kallyth, Nathalie St-Hilaire, Katrena Munsch, Peter B Gove, Diane Heels-Ansdell, Gordon H Guyatt, Jason W Busse
BACKGROUND: Disability insurance protects workers from total loss of income in case of a disabling injury or illness by providing wage-replacement benefits. To better inform early identification of claims at risk of prolonged recovery, we explored predictors of the duration of disability benefits claims. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using claims data provided by SSQ Life Insurance Company Inc., a private Canadian disability insurer. We examined all claims SSQ approved for short- and long-term disability benefits from Jan...
January 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395601/barriers-to-later-retirement-for-men-physical-challenges-of-work-and-increases-in-the-full-retirement-age
#8
Joanne Song McLaughlin, David Neumark
Policy changes intended to delay retirements of older workers and extend their work lives may run up against barriers owing to rising physical challenges of work as people age. We examine whether physical challenges at work influence employment transitions of older male workers in the age range for which public policy is trying to extend work lives and whether older male workers are able to mitigate these challenges while still remaining employed. The evidence indicates that physical challenges pose a barrier to extending work lives, although some older male workers with physically demanding jobs are able to mitigate these demands-either at new jobs or with the same employer...
January 1, 2017: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394149/eating-your-feelings-testing-a-model-of-employees-work-related-stressors-sleep-quality-and-unhealthy-eating
#9
Yihao Liu, Yifan Song, Jaclyn Koopmann, Mo Wang, Chu-Hsiang Daisy Chang, Junqi Shi
Although organizational research on health-related behaviors has become increasingly popular, little attention has been paid to unhealthy eating. Drawing on the self-regulation perspective, we conducted 2 daily diary studies to examine the relationships between work-related stressors, sleep quality, negative mood, and eating behaviors. Study 1 sampled 125 participants from 5 Chinese information technology companies and showed that when participants experienced higher levels of job demands in the morning, they consumed more types of unhealthy food and fewer types of healthy food in the evening...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394078/job-satisfaction-among-swedish-mental-health-nursing-personnel-revisiting-the-two-factor-theory
#10
Christopher Holmberg, Jino Caro, Iwona Sobis
Swedish mental health-care services are experiencing a critical shortage of nursing personnel. Researchers suggest that this shortage is due to low levels of job satisfaction. Job satisfaction is frequently studied with the assistance of Herzberg's two-factor theory, and this theory has foremost been explored with studies using quantitative methods. The purpose of the present study was to provide a better understanding of Herzberg's theory in relation to job satisfaction among Swedish mental health nursing personnel within inpatient psychiatric care while using qualitative methodology...
April 10, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384003/qualifications-and-competencies-for-population-health-management-positions-a-content-analysis-of-job-postings
#11
Melanie Meyer
The need for population health management expertise has increased as the health care industry shifts toward value-based care. However, many organizations report hiring gaps as they seek to fill positions. The purpose of this study was to analyze the types of population health management positions for which health care organizations are hiring, including qualifications and competencies required for these positions. A content analysis was conducted on 271 job postings collected during a 2-month period. A typology of qualifications and competencies was developed based on the content analysis...
April 6, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381123/job-satisfaction-is-more-than-a-fruit-basket-health-checks-and-free-exercise-cross-sectional-sectional-study-among-10-000-wage-earners
#12
Lars L Andersen, David Fishwick, Edward Robinson, Noortje M Wiezer, Zofia Mockałło, Vincent Grosjean
AIM: Workers who are satisfied with their job are the cornerstones of healthy and productive companies. This study investigated factors associated with job satisfaction in the general working population. METHODS: From the 2010 round of the Danish Work Environment Cohort Study, currently employed wage earners ( N=10,427) replied to questions about work, lifestyle and health. Multinomial logistic regression controlled for sex, age, job group, smoking, body mass index, chronic disease and general health assessed the association between work factors and job satisfaction (very satisfied and satisfied, respectively, with unsatisfied as reference)...
April 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371227/how-are-changes-in-exposure-to-job-demands-and-job-resources-related-to-burnout-and-engagement-a-longitudinal-study-among-chinese-nurses-and-police-officers
#13
Qiao Hu, Wilmar B Schaufeli, Toon W Taris
This study used a person-centered approach to examine the across-time relationships between job demands and job resources on the one hand and employee well-being (burnout and work engagement) on the other. On the basis of the job demands-resources model and conservation of resources (COR) theory, increases in demands and decreases in resources across time were expected to result in unfavorable changes in well-being across time. The results of a 2-wave study among 172 nurses and 273 police officers showed several common patterns across both samples: (a) participants who experienced an increase of demands showed a significant increase in burnout, whereas participants who reported having low resources at both measurement times also showed a significant increase in burnout; (b) participants who experienced decreasing resources reported a significant increase in burnout and a significant decrease in engagement; (c) participants who were exposed to chronic low job resources in a highly demanding environment showed a significant increase in burnout; and (d) participants who were exposed to decreased job resources in a highly demanding environment showed a significant increase in burnout...
April 3, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368954/u-s-army-physical-demands-study-reliability-of-simulations-of-physically-demanding-tasks-performed-by-combat-arms-soldiers
#14
Stephen A Foulis, Jan E Redmond, Peter N Frykman, Maj Bradley J Warr, Edward J Zambraski, Marilyn A Sharp
Recently, the US Army has mandated that Soldiers must successfully complete the physically demanding tasks of their job in order to graduate from their Initial Military Training. Evaluating individual Soldiers in the field is difficult; however, simulations of these tasks may aid in the assessment of Soldiers' abilities. The purpose of this study was to determine the reliability of simulated physical Soldiering tasks relevant to Combat Arms Soldiers. Three cohorts of ∼50 Soldiers repeated a subset of eight simulated tasks four times over two weeks...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367741/two-swedish-screening-instruments-for-exhaustion-disorder-cross-sectional-associations-with-burnout-work-stress-private-life-stress-and-personality-traits
#15
Roger Persson, Kai Österberg, Njördur Viborg, Peter Jönsson, Artur Tenenbaum
AIMS: To examine the relationships of two screening instruments recently developed for assessment of exhaustion disorder (ED) with some other well-known inventories intended to assess ED-related concepts and self-reports of job demands, job control, job support, private life stressors, and personality factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional population sample ( n = 1355) completed: the Karolinska Exhaustion Disorder Scale (KEDS), Self-reported Exhaustion Disorder Scale (s-ED), Shirom-Melamed Burnout Questionnaire (SMBQ), Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES-9), Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ), Big Five Inventory (BFI), and items concerning family-to-work interference and stress in private life...
March 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362457/shift-work-and-cognitive-aging-a-longitudinal-study
#16
Kathleen Bokenberger, Peter Ström, Anna K Dahl Aslan, Torbjörn Åkerstedt, Nancy L Pedersen
Objectives The few studies of shift work and late life cognitive functioning have yielded mixed findings. The aim of the present study is to estimate the association between shift-work experience and change in cognitive performance before and after retirement age among older adults who were gainfully employed. Methods Five hundred and ninety five participants with no dementia were followed up for a mean of 17.6 standard deviation (SD) 8.8 years from a Swedish population-based sample. Participants had self-reported information on any type of shift-work experience (ever/never) in 1984 and measures of cognitive performance (verbal, spatial, memory, processing speed, and general cognitive ability) from up to 9 waves of cognitive assessments during 1986-2012...
March 31, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358789/effort-reward-imbalance-at-work-and-incident-coronary-heart-disease-a-multi-cohort-study-of-90-164-individuals
#17
Nico Dragano, Johannes Siegrist, Solja T Nyberg, Thorsten Lunau, Eleonor I Fransson, Lars Alfredsson, Jakob B Bjorner, Marianne Borritz, Hermann Burr, Raimund Erbel, Göran Fahlén, Marcel Goldberg, Mark Hamer, Katriina Heikkilä, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Anders Knutsson, Ida E H Madsen, Martin L Nielsen, Maria Nordin, Tuula Oksanen, Jan H Pejtersen, Jaana Pentti, Reiner Rugulies, Paula Salo, Jürgen Schupp, Archana Singh-Manoux, Andrew Steptoe, Töres Theorell, Jussi Vahtera, Peter J M Westerholm, Hugo Westerlund, Marianna Virtanen, Marie Zins, G David Batty, Mika Kivimäki
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic evidence for work stress as a risk factor for coronary heart disease is mostly based on a single measure of stressful work known as job strain, a combination of high demands and low job control. We examined whether a complementary stress measure that assesses an imbalance between efforts spent at work and rewards received predicted coronary heart disease. METHODS: This multi-cohort study (the 'IPD-Work' consortium) was based on harmonized individual-level data from 11 European prospective cohort studies...
March 27, 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358569/daily-job-demands-and-employee-work-engagement-the-role-of-daily-transformational-leadership-behavior
#18
Kimberley Breevaart, Arnold B Bakker
Using job demands-resources (JD-R) theory, the present study integrates the challenge stressor-hindrance stressor framework and leadership theory to investigate the relationship between daily transformational leadership behavior and employee work engagement. We hypothesized that daily transformational leadership behavior (a) sustains employee work engagement on days characterized by high challenge job demands, and (b) protects work engagement on days characterized by high hindrance job demands. Teachers filled out a short online questionnaire at the end of each workday during a 2-week period (N = 271 × 5...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358568/cognitive-functioning-aging-and-work-a-review-and-recommendations-for-research-and-practice
#19
Gwenith G Fisher, Dorey S Chaffee, Lois E Tetrick, Deana B Davalos, Guy G Potter
There is a larger proportion and number of older adults in the labor force than ever before. Furthermore, older adults in the workforce are working until later ages. Although a great deal of research has examined physical health and well-being of working older adults, less research has focused on cognitive functioning. The purpose of this article is to provide a broad contemporary and multidisciplinary review of the intersection between cognitive functioning, aging, and work as a follow-up to a paper previously written by Fisher et al...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357838/female-professional-divers-similarities-and-differences-between-male-and-female-professional-divers
#20
Ågot Irgens, Kari Troland, Marit Grønning
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to explore the potential differences between female and male professional divers with regards to demographics, diving certificates, areas of diving, diving activity and health effects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Norwegian Labour Inspection Authority's Diving certificate register contains data on all professional inshore divers who have held a certificate at any time since 1980. Forty nine per cent of these divers responded to the "Norwegian diver 2011" questionnaire...
2017: International Maritime Health
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