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Job Demands

Marcus Yung, Angelica E Lang, Jamie Stobart, Aaron M Kociolek, Stephan Milosavljevic, Catherine Trask
Many occupations in agriculture, construction, transportation, and forestry are non-routine, involving non-cyclical tasks, both discretionary and non-discretionary work breaks, and a mix of work activities. Workers in these industries are exposed to seated whole body vibration (WBV) and tasks consisting of physical, mental, or a combination of demands. Risk assessment tools for non-routinized jobs have emerged but there remains a need to understand the combined effects of different work demands to improve risk assessment methods and ultimately inform ergonomists and workers on optimum work arrangement and scheduling strategies...
2017: PloS One
Janika Mette, Marcial Velasco Garrido, Volker Harth, Alexandra M Preisser, Stefanie Mache
Background: Despite the particular demands inherent to offshore work, little is known about the working conditions of employees in the German offshore wind industry. To date, neither offshore employees' job demands and resources, nor their needs for improving the working conditions have been explored. Therefore, the aim of this study was to conduct a qualitative analysis to gain further insight into these topics. Methods: Forty-two semi-structured telephone interviews with German offshore employees (n = 21) and offshore experts (n = 21) were conducted...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Gitte Kingo Vesterlund, Amélie Cléo Keller, Berit Lilienthal Heitmann
OBJECTIVE: Obesity as well as job strain is increasing, and job strain might contribute to weight gain. The objective of the current study was to examine associations between longitudinal alterations in the components of job strain and subsequent weight gain. DESIGN: The study was designed as a prospective cohort study with three questionnaire surveys enabling measurement of job-strain alterations over 6 years and subsequent measurements of weight gain after further 10 years of follow-up...
December 10, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
Ellen Ernst Kossek, Rebecca J Thompson, Katie M Lawson, Todd Bodner, Matthew B Perrigino, Leslie B Hammer, Orfeu M Buxton, David M Almeida, Phyllis Moen, David A Hurtado, Brad Wipfli, Lisa F Berkman, Jeremy W Bray
Although job stress models suggest that changing the work social environment to increase job resources improves psychological health, many intervention studies have weak designs and overlook influences of family caregiving demands. We tested the effects of an organizational intervention designed to increase supervisor social support for work and nonwork roles, and job control in a results-oriented work environment on the stress and psychological distress of health care employees who care for the elderly, while simultaneously considering their own family caregiving responsibilities...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
Katia Reis Souza, André Luis Oliveira Mendonça, Andrea Maria Santos Rodrigues, Eliana Guimarães Felix, Liliane Reis Teixeira, Maria Blandina Marques Santos, Marisa Moura
The main objective of this article is to analyze the new organization of labor of university teachers, seeking to investigate the potential relationship with the health status of these workers. It is based on the assumption that job instability in public universities has had repercussions on the health of higher education teachers. A qualitative exploratory study was conducted by means of bibliographic research in indexed databases. As a method of analysis, thematic analysis was used, focusing on four empirical categories, namely: job instability in the teaching profession; intensification of labor; aspects of the organization of teaching work in universities; and data on the health of university teachers...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Massimo Miglioretti, Andrea Gragnano, Giacomo Baiardo, Gaia Savioli, Luca Corsiglia, Raffaele Griffo
PURPOSE: The study evaluated work experience changes and its determinants after return to work (RTW) in angioplasty or heart surgery patients. METHODS: During a 1-year period (2014) in a Rehabilitation Hospital in northwestern Italy, we approached 253 patients (19.3% of inpatients). 199 patients consented to complete a survey on job characteristics, job satisfaction, job involvement, illness perception, depression, anxiety, adherence to therapy, and sociodemographic characteristics...
December 5, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Cecilie S Andreassen, Arnold B Bakker, Bjørn Bjorvatn, Bente E Moen, Nils Magerøy, Akihito Shimazu, Jørn Hetland, Ståle Pallesen
This study focuses on individual differences and the demand-support-control model in relation to workaholism. We hypothesized that unfavorable working conditions (high job demands, low job control/decision latitude, and low social support at work) and individual differences concerning sleep/wake-related variables (high flexibility, high morningness, and low languidity) would be related to workaholism measured 2-3 years later. Survey data stemmed from a prospective cohort of shift-working nurses (N = 1,308)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
Tan Zhang, Ang Chen
Based on the job demands-resources model, the study developed and validated an instrument that measures physical education teachers' job demands-resources perception. Expert review established content validity with the average item rating of 3.6/5.0. Construct validity and reliability were determined with a teacher sample (n = 397). Exploratory factor analysis established a five-dimension construct structure matching the theoretical construct deliberated in the literature. The composite reliability scores for the five dimensions range from ...
2017: Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science
Irene Røen, Øyvind Kirkevold, Ingelin Testad, Geir Selbæk, Knut Engedal, Sverre Bergh
BACKGROUND: Person-centered care (PCC) is regarded as good quality care for persons with dementia. This study aimed to explore and understand the association between PCC and organizational, staff and unit characteristics in nursing homes (NHs). METHODS: Staff from 175 NH units in Norway (n = 1,161) completed a survey, including measures of PCC and questions about staff characteristics and work-related psychosocial factors. In addition, data about organizational and structural factors and assessment of the physical environment in the units were obtained...
December 4, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
Joanne Schwartz, Stephen F Gambescia
BACKGROUND: Accelerated second-degree baccalaureate nursing (ASDBN) programs have become popular in the United States as a solution to meet the demand for BSN nurses. The research conducted on ASDBN graduates is limited and focuses on educational experience or early career outcomes, such as NCLEX-RN pass rates or first-year job performance. AIM: This research is designed to provide a better understanding of the status of ASDBN graduates two years after completion of the BSN program...
January 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
Kathleen G Dobson, Selahadin Ibrahim, Mahée Gilbert-Ouimet, Cameron A Mustard, Peter M Smith
BACKGROUND: It is unclear how psychosocial working conditions influence future alcohol consumption. Using group-based trajectory modelling, this study aimed to determine: the number of latent alcohol consumption trajectories over 16 years in a representative sample of the Canadian workforce; the association between psychosocial working conditions and longitudinal alcohol consumption; and if the association between psychosocial work factors and longitudinal alcohol consumption differed among men and women...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Cecilie Thogersen-Ntoumani, Julie Black, Magnus Lindwall, Anna Whittaker, George M Balanos
This study used a person-centred approach to explore typologies of older manual workers based on presenteeism, stress resilience, and physical activity. Older manual workers (n = 217; 69.1% male; age range 50-77; M age = 57.11 years; SD = 5.62) from a range of UK-based organisations, representing different manual job roles, took part in the study. A cross-sectional survey design was used. Based on the three input variables: presenteeism, stress resilience and physical activity, four distinct profiles were identified on using Latent Profile Analysis...
December 2017: European Journal of Ageing
Yael Livne, Ruhama Goussinsky
Workplace bullying is a widespread and challenging problem in healthcare organizations, bearing negative consequences for individuals and organizations. Drawing on the job demands-resources theory, in this study, we examined the relationship between workplace bullying and burnout among healthcare employees, as well as the moderating role of job autonomy and occupational self-efficacy in this relationship. Using a cross-sectional design with anonymous questionnaires, data were collected from two samples of 309 healthcare employees in a mental health facility, and 105 nurses studying for their bachelor degree in health systems administration...
November 27, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
Lars L Andersen, Niels Geisle, Brian Knudsen
Objectives This study evaluates the Danish national Job & Body campaign on beliefs about musculoskeletal pain and work. Methods Initiated in 2011, a national campaign in Denmark targeted public sector employees with a mixture of networking activities, workplace visits, and a mass media outreach with topics related to job and body (eg, musculoskeletal pain, movement and work) and creating balance between demands at work and physical capacity. At baseline (2011) and at four time points until the end of 2014, random cross-sectional samples of ≥≥1000 representative public sector employees (total N=5012) replied to eight questions concerning beliefs about musculoskeletal pain and work...
November 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
A Feleus, H S Miedema, S M A Bierma-Zeinstra, T Hoekstra, B W Koes, A Burdorf
OBJECTIVES: Impediments due to complaints of non-traumatic arm, neck and/or shoulder (CANS) during work often leads to consultation in primary care. This study examines the occurrence of sick leave among workers with new CANS, and evaluates sick leave trajectories and their characteristics. METHODS: This prospective 2-year cohort study included workers with a new CANS presenting in general practice. Participants filled out postal questionnaires on sick leave at 6-monthly intervals...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
Melanie Rimmer, Suzanne Ablard, Colin O'Keeffe, Suzanne Mason
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: A variety of interventions have been proposed to manage rising demand for Emergency and Urgent Care, described by an NHS England review as unsustainable in the long term. However it is unlikely that any suggested approach will be equally suitable for the diverse population of ED users.We aimed to understand the patterns of demand amongst different types of patients attending ED. We also sought to understand the intended and unintended effects of demand management initiatives...
December 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Yuh-Jin Chung, Woo-Chul Jung, Hyunjoo Kim, Seong-Sik Cho
In the distribution service industry, sales people often experience multiple occupational stressors such as excessive emotional labor, workplace mistreatment, and job insecurity. The present study aimed to explore the associations of these stressors with depressive symptoms among women sales workers at a clothing shopping mall in Korea. A cross sectional study was conducted on 583 women who consist of clothing sales workers and manual workers using a structured questionnaire to assess demographic factors, occupational stressors, and depressive symptoms...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Alessandra Falco, Laura Dal Corso, Damiano Girardi, Alessandro De Carlo, Manola Comar
In this study we examined the association between job demands (JD), job resources (JR), and serum levels of a possible biomarker of stress, the pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6). According to the buffer hypothesis of the Job Demands-Resources (JD-R) model, we expected that job resources-defined as job autonomy and social support from supervisor-might buffer the relationship between job demands, defined as emotional demands and interpersonal conflict with colleagues, and IL-6. Data from 119 employees in an Italian public healthcare organization (acute care hospital) were analyzed using multiple regression...
November 23, 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
Kristoffer Larsen Norheim, Jakob Hjort Bønløkke, Afshin Samani, Øyvind Omland, Pascal Madeleine
BACKGROUND: In 2012, the Danish Parliament decided to increase retirement age. Unfortunately, elderly people working in a physically demanding environment may be rendered unable to retain the ability to adequately perform the physical requirements of their jobs, due to age-related decreases in physical performance. Therefore, increasing the retirement age may not necessarily lead to the goal of keeping everybody in the labor market for a longer time. To date, our knowledge about the variations in physical performance of the elderly workforce is limited...
November 22, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
Matt Howard, Morgan Krannitz
Suicide is the ultimate outcome of poor psychological well-being; however, there is a paucity of research examining the link between occupation and suicide, despite early academic interest and the known importance of work to our everyday lives. We propose that this body of research was abandoned prematurely, and we provide a reanalysis by integrating the Job Characteristics Model and the Conservation of Resources model with extant suicide research. Specifically, we hypothesize that work design characteristics (job autonomy, task variety, physical demands) and threats to personal resources (absence of viewing work-as-career, work-family conflict, family-work conflict, job dissatisfaction) are linked to suicide attempts via depression and suicidal ideation...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Psychology
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