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Job Demands

J M Ravalier, J Walsh
Background: The UK education sector has among the highest level of stress sickness absence of all occupations. However, investigations of psychosocial working conditions which contribute to stress, including behaviour of students and parents, has not been conducted. Aims: To investigate the psychosocial working conditions and prevalence of negative parental and student behaviour in a large sample of school teachers and college lecturers based in England. In addition, to assess the influence of working conditions, student behaviour and parental behaviour on perceived stress...
February 17, 2018: Occupational Medicine
Nicola Cherry, Victoria Arrandale, Jeremy Beach, Jean-Michel F Galarneau, Antonia Mannette, Laura Rodgers
Objectives: There is little information on how work tasks, demands, and exposures differ between women and men in nominally the same job. This is critical in setting workplace standards that will protect the health of both men and those women moving into less traditional work roles. Information used in setting standards is currently based almost entirely on male workers. This paper describes differences in work and health, and the relation between them, in women and men who have undergone the same trade training for the welding or electrical trades...
February 17, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
Zhang Shao-Sen, Cai Hui-Xia, Tu Hong, Yan He, Liu Na, Ma Jun-Ying
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the malaria knowledge of CDC staff and their demands on related training in malaria non-endemic areas, so as to provide the reference for planning the appropriate curriculum. METHODS: All the participants who were the staff of county CDCs all over Qinghai Province and attended the provincial training workshop were surveyed. A self-administered questionnaire survey was carried out and the data was statistically analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 115 participants were involved in this survey...
April 7, 2017: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
Daniel Mauss, Raphael M Herr, Töres Theorell, Peter Angerer, Jian Li
Background: The Demand Control Support Questionnaire (DCSQ) is an established self-reported tool to measure a stressful work environment. Validated German and English versions are however currently missing. The aim of this study was therefore to evaluate the psychometric properties of German and English versions of the DCSQ among white-collar employees in Switzerland and the US. Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out on 499 employees in Switzerland and 411 in the US, respectively...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Christine Ashley, Kath Peters, Angela Brown, Elizabeth Halcomb
AIM: To explore registered nurses' reflections on transitioning from acute to primary health care employment, and future career intentions. BACKGROUND: Reforms in primary health care have resulted in increasing demands for a skilled primary health care nursing workforce. To meet shortfalls, acute care nurses are being recruited to primary health care employment, yet little is known about levels of satisfaction and future career intentions. METHOD: A sequential mixed methods study consisting of a survey and semi-structured interviews with nurses who transition to primary health care...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Nursing Management
Martin Pielach, Hans-Joachim Schubert
BACKGROUND: Leadership in social services and healthcare organizations is marked by high levels of complexity and contradiction, which cannot be fully explained by politically, economically, and socially induced changes. Rather, it is the particularities of service provision in healthcare and social services that confront executives with specific demands. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to capture and prioritize required leadership competencies in healthcare and social services organizations...
February 7, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
Jeffrey P Guenette, Stacy E Smith
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify job resources and job demands associated with measures of personal accomplishment (PA) in radiology residents in the United States. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 34-item online survey was administered between May and June 2017 to U.S. radiology residents and included the 8 Likert-type PA questions from the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey, 19 visual analog scale job demands-resources questions, and 7 demographic questions...
February 6, 2018: Academic Radiology
Monique A M Gignac, Selahadin Ibrahim, Peter M Smith, Vicki Kristman, Dorcas E Beaton, Cameron A Mustard
Background: With the aging of populations in many countries, workers are expected to remain employed longer but may struggle with the onset of common, chronic conditions like arthritis. To date, few studies have examined workplace policies and practices that could help accommodate individuals with arthritis, and fewer still have used a sex and gender-based approach to explore similarities and differences between women and men. Objectives: This study compared the health and work contexts of workers aged ≥50 years to better understand similarities and differences between women and men in accommodation availability, need, use, and unmet needs...
February 6, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
Robson Sean, Lytell Maria C, Sims Carra S, Pezard Stephanie, Manacapilli Thomas, Anderson Amanda, Bohusch Therese, Haddad Abigail
Military occupations can be physically demanding, yet few attempts have been made to determine the physical readiness of today's airmen to perform their jobs. Although the Air Force conducts fitness testing of all its airmen, these tests and standards are not based on validated job requirements. As part of a broader Air Force effort to measure the physical readiness of airmen to perform their jobs, this study describes a methodology for establishing physical fitness standards for four physically demanding Air Force occupational specialties-combat controller, pararescue, special operations weather team, and tactical air control party...
January 2018: Rand Health Quarterly
Denise Cristina Alves de Moura, Rosangela Maria Greco, Heloisa Campos Paschoalin, Luciana Fernandes Portela, Cristina Arreguy-Sena, Alfredo Chaoubah
This cross-sectional research aimed to analyze the psychological demand and work control self-reported by the Education Administrative Technicians of a public university. This is a complete sample selection consisting of 833 Education Administrative Technicians who self-completed a questionnaire with questions structured in 2013/2014. A descriptive bivariate analysis was performed with the calculation of psychosocial stress at work, using the Demand-Control Model quadrants categorized as: low-demand work (low-demand and high-control), reference group, passive work (low-demand and low-control), active work (high-demand and high-control), high-demand (high-demand and low-control) - group with the highest exposure...
February 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Diana Malinowska, Aleksandra Tokarz, Anna Wardzichowska
OBJECTIVES: This study integrates the Self Determination Theory and the Job Demands-Resource model in explaining motivational antecedents of 2 forms of excessive work: work engagement and workaholism. It specifically examines the relationship between job autonomy, situational work motivation, work engagement, and workaholism. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample comprised 318 full-time employees of an international outsourcing company located in Poland. The mediation analysis was used for testing hypotheses about the mediation of autonomous and controlled motivation in the relationship between job autonomy, work engagement, and workaholism...
February 7, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
Aaron Silk, Robbie Savage, Brianna Larsen, Brad Aisbett
Many police organisations incorporate specialist policing roles where incumbents are tasked with providing operational response capabilities above and beyond the general duties policing role. The current research utilised subjective job task analysis methods to identify and characterise the physically demanding, frequently occurring, and operationally important tasks, as well as the dominant fitness component for each task, inherent to specialist policing roles in an Australian policing organisation. This was achieved through engagement with subject matter experts and online survey responses from specialist police incumbents...
April 2018: Applied Ergonomics
Zoe Bambery, Cynthia H Cassell, Rebecca E Bunnell, Kakoli Roy, Zara Ahmed, Rebecca L Payne, Martin I Meltzer
We estimated the impact on the US export economy of an illustrative infectious disease outbreak scenario in Southeast Asia that has 3 stages starting in 1 country and, if uncontained, spreads to 9 countries. We used 2014-2016 West Africa Ebola epidemic-related World Bank estimates of 3.3% and 16.1% reductions in gross domestic product (GDP). We also used US Department of Commerce job data to calculate export-related jobs at risk to any outbreak-related disruption in US exports. Assuming a direct correlation between GDP reductions and reduced demand for US exports, we estimated that the illustrative outbreak would cost from $16 million to $27 million (1 country) to $10 million to $18 billion (9 countries) and place 1,500 to almost 1...
February 6, 2018: Health Security
Margherita Zito, Federica Emanuel, Monica Molino, Claudio Giovanni Cortese, Chiara Ghislieri, Lara Colombo
BACKGROUND: Turnover intentions refer to employees' intent to leave the organization and, within call centers, it can be influenced by factors such as relational variables or the perception of the quality of working life, which can be affected by emotional dissonance. This specific job demand to express emotions not felt is peculiar in call centers, and can influence job satisfaction and turnover intentions, a crucial problem among these working contexts. This study aims to detect, within the theoretical framework of the Job Demands-Resources Model, the role of emotional dissonance (job demand), and two resources, job autonomy and supervisors' support, in the perception of job satisfaction and turnover intentions among an Italian call center...
2018: PloS One
Marcie C Swift, Robert Townsend, Douglas W Edwards, Janice K Loudon
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the difference in maximal lifting capability between 2 modes of lifting (traditional crate and XRTS Lever Arm) over multiple days. The differences in absolute strength values were compared with existing criteria for sincere effort during distraction-based lifting. In addition, rate of perceived exertion (RPE) is presented for the 2 modes of lifting on each day. PRIMARY PRACTICE SETTING: Workers' compensation. METHODOLOGY AND SAMPLE: Forty-four subjects between the ages of 20 and 44 years participated in this study...
February 2, 2018: Professional Case Management
Kenneth A Scott, Qing Liao, Gwenith G Fisher, Lorann Stallones, Carolyn DiGuiseppi, Emile Tompa
BACKGROUND: Severity of workplace injury tends to increase with age. Whether older workers who experience a workplace injury or illness exit the labor force sooner than comparable peers is not established. METHODS: A case-cohort study design and complementary log-log model were used to identify factors associated with average time to early substantial labor force exit among workers' compensation claimants 50-64 years of age with permanent impairment from an occupational injury or illness...
February 5, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Artur Kamiński, Hanna Rozenek, Jolanta Banasiewicz, Stanisław Wójtowicz, Artur Błoński, Krzysztof Owczarek
Job Demands-Resources model proposes that the development of burnout follows excessive job demands and lack of job resources. Job demands are predictive of feeling of exhaustion, and lack of job resources-disengagement from work. This pilot study investigated professional burnout and its correlates in employees of Polish cell and tissue banks, many of whom were involved in procurement and processing of tissues from deceased donors, as it was hypothesized that job burnout in this population might influence the effectiveness of cell and tissue transplantation network in our country...
February 3, 2018: Cell and Tissue Banking
W K Tim Wong, Emma Kirby, Alex Broom, David Sibbritt, Kay Francis, Christos S Karapetis, Deme Karikios, Rosemary Harrup, Zarnie Lwin
AIM: A viable and sustainable medical oncology profession is integral for meeting the increasing demand for quality cancer care. The aim of this study was to explore the workforce-related experiences, perceptions and career expectations of early-career medical oncologists in Australia. METHODS: A mixed-methods design, including a survey (n  =  170) and nested qualitative semistructured interviews (n  =  14) with early-career medical oncologists. Recruitment was through the Medical Oncology Group of Australia...
January 26, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
Lieve M Roets-Merken, Sytse U Zuidema, Myrra J F J Vernooij-Dassen, Steven Teerenstra, Pieter G J M Hermsen, Gertrudis I J M Kempen, Maud J L Graff
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a nurse-supported self-management programme to improve social participation of dual sensory impaired older adults in long-term care homes. DESIGN: Cluster randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Thirty long-term care homes across the Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: Long-term care homes were randomised into intervention clusters (n=17) and control clusters (n=13), involving 89 dual sensory impaired older adults and 56 licensed practical nurses...
January 24, 2018: BMJ Open
Arnold B Bakker, Pilar Ficapal-Cusí, Joan Torrent-Sellens, Joan Boada-Grau, Pedro M Hontangas-Beltrán
BACKGROUND: A literature review reveals that there is no measure of job crafting available in Spanish. This paper presents the translation, adaptation and validation of a scale to measure job crafting behaviors (i.e. the Spanish Job Crafting Scale – SJCS; Tims, Bakker, & Derks, 2012). METHODS: The scale was applied to a sample of 896 employees in Spain (52.26% women and 47.4% men). We tested the reliability and factorial validity of the 21-item instrument...
February 2018: Psicothema
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