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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646281/relations-between-work-and-upper-extremity-musculoskeletal-problems-uemsp-and-the-moderating-role-of-psychosocial-work-factors-on-the-relation-between-computer-work-and-uemsp
#1
Nektaria Nicolakakis, Susan R Stock, Michal Abrahamowicz, Rex Kline, Karen Messing
PURPOSE: Computer work has been identified as a risk factor for upper extremity musculoskeletal problems (UEMSP). But few studies have investigated how psychosocial and organizational work factors affect this relation. Nor have gender differences in the relation between UEMSP and these work factors  been studied. We sought to estimate: (1) the association between UEMSP and a range of physical, psychosocial and organizational work exposures, including the duration of computer work, and (2) the moderating effect of psychosocial work exposures on the relation between computer work and UEMSP...
June 23, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640120/working-hand-syndrome-a-new-definition-of-non-classified-polyneuropathy-condition
#2
Gökhan Özdemir
The aim of this paper was to define an unexplained non-classified polyneuropathy condition as a new neurological disease. This new diagnosis of occupation related polyneuropathy has been named as "WORKING HAND SYNDROME (WHS)."This study collected and compared clinic and electrophysiological analyze data from healthy controls, WHS patients, carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) patients and polyneuropathy patients. The WHS patients presented to the clinic with pain, numbness, tingling, and burning sensations in their hands that increased significantly during rest and nighttime...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636724/temporal-relationships-between-job-strain-and-low-back-pain
#3
Linda L Magnusson Hanson, Ida Eh Madsen, Reiner Rugulies, Paraskevi Peristera, Hugo Westerlund, Alexis Descatha
Objectives Psychosocial working conditions are suggested risk factors for low-back pain, but it is unclear whether these associations are causal. The present study examined whether there are lagged and bidirectional associations between job strain and low-back pain and further controlled for unmeasured time-invariant confounding. Methods The study was based on four biennial waves of data from the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health (SLOSH), including 3084 men and women. Cross-lagged analyses using structural equation modeling (SEM) were conducted on job strain, a combination of high job demands and low control, and any as well as low-back pain severity (how much any problems affected the respondents life)...
June 21, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627411/impact-of-procedural-training-on-pregnancy-outcomes-and-career-satisfaction-in-female-post-graduate-medical-trainees-in-the-united-states
#4
Jennifer S Davids, Rebecca E Scully, Nelya Melnitchouk
BACKGROUND: Compared to non-procedural fields, procedural specialization requires longer training, less flexible schedules, and greater physical demands. The impact of these factors on pregnancy, maternity outcomes, and career satisfaction has not been well described. STUDY DESIGN: Data were gathered from 738 United States postgraduate medical trainee mothers via an anonymous, IRB-approved online survey. Univariate analysis was performed using Chi-squared tests...
June 13, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622113/seafarers-perception-of-job-demand-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Luisa Maria Roberta Tedesco, Pietro Ferrara, Lucia Stromillo, Antonio Arnese, Luciana Albano
The study offers an insight regarding seafarers' perceptions towards factors of psychological distress on board. In order to identify stressors on sea-workers, a cross-sectional survey was conducted, targeting a population group of workers of Italian shipping companies sailing across the world. The research aimed to investigate workers' demographic and professional characteristics and in what ways them influence perception of job fatigue, using an Italian version of the Karasek questionnaire. The 80.1% of the involved seafarers returned the questionnaire, yielding a mean level of perceived job demand of 32...
June 16, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612934/rural-specialists-the-nature-of-their-work-and-professional-satisfaction-by-geographical-location-of-work
#6
Belinda O'Sullivan, Matthew McGrail, Deborah Russell
OBJECTIVE: Systematically describe the characteristics of rural specialists, their work and job satisfaction by geographical location of work. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Three thousand, four hundred and seventy-nine medical specialists participating in the 2014 Medicine in Australia: Balancing Employment and Life (MABEL) survey of doctors. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Location of practise, whether metropolitan, large (>50 000 population) or small regional centres (<50 000 population)...
June 14, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609295/clubber-removing-the-bioinformatics-bottleneck-in-big-data-analyses
#7
Maximilian Miller, Chengsheng Zhu, Yana Bromberg
With the advent of modern day high-throughput technologies, the bottleneck in biological discovery has shifted from the cost of doing experiments to that of analyzing results. clubber is our automated cluster-load balancing system developed for optimizing these "big data" analyses. Its plug-and-play framework encourages re-use of existing solutions for bioinformatics problems. clubber's goals are to reduce computation times and to facilitate use of cluster computing. The first goal is achieved by automating the balance of parallel submissions across available high performance computing (HPC) resources...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Integrative Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597945/specific-psychosocial-exposures-for-workers-mental-health-a-population-based-study
#8
Albert Navarro, Mireia Utzet, Sergio Salas, Clara Llorens, Emilia Molinero-Ruiz, Salvador Moncada
BACKGROUND: In order to plan interventions it is important to obtain evidence on the relation between a health outcome and specific exposures. However, there are few studies that identify the effect of specific psychosocial work exposures on poor mental health. This is the aim of this study. METHODS: Population-based cross-sectional study in Catalonia. We estimated prevalence ratios (PR) of minor psychiatric disorder associated with several psychosocial work exposures...
June 9, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597864/motivating-and-demotivating-factors-for-community-health-workers-a-qualitative-study-in-urban-slums-of-delhi-india
#9
Mathew Sunil George, Shradha Pant, Niveditha Devasenapathy, Suparna Ghosh-Jerath, Sanjay P Zodpey
Background Community health workers play an important role in delivering health-care services, especially to underserved populations in low- and middle-income countries. They have been shown to be successful in providing a range of preventive, promotive and curative services. This qualitative study investigated the factors motivating or demotivating community health workers in urban settings in Delhi, India. Methods In this sub-study of the ANCHUL (Ante Natal and Child Healthcare in Urban Slums) implementation research project, four focus-group discussions and nine in-depth interviews were conducted with community health workers and medical officers...
April 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594655/life-balance-in-nurse-educators-a-mixed-methods-study
#10
Joan Owens
AIM: The aim of the study was to explore relationships among nurse educator life balance, quality of life, and lived experience of life balance that may be used to develop strategies to prevent or minimize challenging aspects of the profession that lead to dissatisfaction and/or burnout. BACKGROUND: Nurse educator balance is significant to the national nurse faculty shortage crisis. The inability to achieve life balance contributes to job dissatisfaction and burnout, which contribute to the educator shortage...
July 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585072/maternal-health-a-qualitative-study-of-male-partners-participation-in-lagos-nigeria
#11
Samuel Ojima Adejoh, Adetayo Olorunlana, Olatunji Olaosebikan
PURPOSE: Male involvement in maternal healthcare has been described as a key factor to reducing maternal mortality globally. Hence, this study investigated the choice of facility to be used during pregnancy and examined factors that influence male participation in maternal healthcare issues of their spouses as these factors may sometimes influence the choice of health care services for pregnant women. METHOD: The study was cross-sectional in design; the setting was at Badagry, Lagos, Nigeria...
June 5, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584320/workplace-bullying-and-mental-health-among-teachers-in-relation-to-psychosocial-job-characteristics-and-burnout
#12
Lina Bernotaite, Vilija Malinauskiene
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study has been to assess the associations between psychological distress and exposure to workplace bullying, taking into account possible influence of adverse psychosocial job characteristics and occupational burnout in a sample of Kaunas (Lithuania) teachers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study sample included 517 teachers from 13 secondary schools and was conducted in 2014. The participants filled in the anonymous questionnaire (response rate 71...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583914/association-between-col11a1-rs1337185-and-adamts5-rs162509-gene-polymorphisms-and-lumbar-spine-pathologies-in-chinese-han-population-an-observational-study
#13
Hua Jiang, Qinghua Yang, Jie Jiang, Xinli Zhan, Zengming Xiao
OBJECTIVES: A previous study identified a significant association between several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and lumbar disc degeneration (LDD) in Indians. To validate the association between these SNPs and specific lumbar spine pathologies, we performed a case-control study in Chinese Han population. DESIGN: An observational study. SETTING: University Hospital in Nanning, China. PARTICIPANTS: This study included 428 patients with LDD and 400 normal controls...
June 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575306/job-characteristics-and-mental-health-for-older-workers
#14
V J C Mc Carthy, J Cronly, I J Perry
Background: Adverse job characteristics have been linked with increased incidence of depression and anxiety in working populations. However, the association between job characteristics and mental health, in an older working population while controlling for personality traits, is less well known. Aims: To examine the association between job characteristics (job demands and job control) and mental health (depression and anxiety) for older workers while controlling for personality traits...
June 1, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574998/expertise-with-unfamiliar-objects-is-flexible-to-changes-in-task-but-not-changes-in-class
#15
Rachel A Searston, Jason M Tangen
Perceptual expertise is notoriously specific and bound by familiarity; generalizing to novel or unfamiliar images, objects, identities, and categories often comes at some cost to performance. In forensic and security settings, however, examiners are faced with the task of discriminating unfamiliar images of unfamiliar objects within their general domain of expertise (e.g., fingerprints, faces, or firearms). The job of a fingerprint expert, for instance, is to decide whether two unfamiliar fingerprint images were left by the same unfamiliar finger (e...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573888/interrole-conflict-and-self-efficacy-to-manage-work-and-family-demands-mediate-the-relationships-of-job-and-family-demands-with-stress-in-the-job-and-family-domains
#16
Ewelina Smoktunowicz, Roman Cieslak, Evangelia Demerouti
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study derives from Work-Home Resources model (ten Brummelhuis, L. L., & Bakker, A. B. (2012). A resource perspective on the work-home interface: The work-home resources model. American Psychologist, 67(7), 545-556. doi:10.1037/a0027974) and Social Cognitive Theory (Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ, US: Prentice-Hall, Inc.) to investigate mechanisms responsible for the effect of job and family demands on work- and family-related perceived stress...
June 2, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570388/effort-reward-imbalance-at-work-and-incident-coronary-heart-disease-a-multicohort-study-of-90-164-individuals
#17
Nico Dragano, Johannes Siegrist, Solja T Nyberg, Thorsten Lunau, Eleonor I Fransson, Lars Alfredsson, Jakob B Bjorner, Marianne Borritz, Hermann Burr, Raimund Erbel, Göran Fahlén, Marcel Goldberg, Mark Hamer, Katriina Heikkilä, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Anders Knutsson, Ida E H Madsen, Martin L Nielsen, Maria Nordin, Tuula Oksanen, Jan H Pejtersen, Jaana Pentti, Reiner Rugulies, Paula Salo, Jürgen Schupp, Archana Singh-Manoux, Andrew Steptoe, Töres Theorell, Jussi Vahtera, Peter J M Westerholm, Hugo Westerlund, Marianna Virtanen, Marie Zins, G David Batty, Mika Kivimäki
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic evidence for work stress as a risk factor for coronary heart disease is mostly based on a single measure of stressful work known as job strain, a combination of high demands and low job control. We examined whether a complementary stress measure that assesses an imbalance between efforts spent at work and rewards received predicted coronary heart disease. METHODS: This multicohort study (the "IPD-Work" consortium) was based on harmonized individual-level data from 11 European prospective cohort studies...
July 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566994/the-odds-of-success-predicting-registered-health-information-administrator-exam-success
#18
Diane Dolezel, Alexander McLeod
The purpose of this study was to craft a predictive model to examine the relationship between grades in specific academic courses, overall grade point average (GPA), on-campus versus online course delivery, and success in passing the Registered Health Information Administrator (RHIA) exam on the first attempt. Because student success in passing the exam on the first attempt is assessed as part of the accreditation process, this study is important to health information management (HIM) programs. Furthermore, passing the exam greatly expands the graduate's job possibilities because the demand for credentialed graduates far exceeds the supply of credentialed graduates...
2017: Perspectives in Health Information Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28564547/challenges-to-the-provision-of-community-aged-care-services-across-rural-australia-perceptions-of-service-managers
#19
Pauline Savy, Jeni Warburton, Suzanne Hodgkin
INTRODUCTION: The Australian community aged care sector is facing a growing workforce crisis, particularly in rural and regional areas. Its predominantly female workforce is ageing, and recruiting younger, skilled workers is proving difficult. The service sector, too, is proving highly complex and diverse as a result of contemporary aged care service reforms as well as ongoing difficulties in providing services to the growing numbers of older people living in Australia's rural areas. Despite these multiple challenges, there is a gap in research that explores how rural aged care services manage their day-to-day requirements for skilled workers across the diverse service sector...
April 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561254/-importance-of-job-demands-for-rehabilitation-patients-application-of-an-index-according-to-occupations
#20
Martin Brünger, Karla Spyra
Objective To investigate the importance of job demands for rehabilitation patients. Methods A secondary data analysis of 2,089 rehabilitation patients of the Federal German Pension Insurance was conducted. The job exposure index of Kroll was used based on occupations. Results The prevalence of high job demands was 11.2%. The index correlated significantly with reha-relevant impairments. Furthermore, there was a significant association between high job demands and an unfavorable return-to-work prognosis at discharge from rehabilitation, also independently of the presence of self-reported severe restrictions of work ability...
May 30, 2017: Die Rehabilitation
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