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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225664/historic-leadership
#1
Ellen F Johnsen, Katherine J Pohlman
School nursing practice establishes itself in the midst of both education and nursing philosophies, ethics, standards, laws, and regulations. Treading these two worlds is difficult at times and requires that a school nurse possess a strong foundational knowledge base, seek professional collaboration, and navigate conflicting professional demands in order to promote student and public safety. This article is Part 2 of a four-part series that recounts the inspiring story of a school nurse, Ellen Johnsen, who did just that back in the 1980s in Broken Arrow, Oklahoma...
March 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224825/heavy-lifting-and-shift-work-linked-to-lowered-fertility-in-women
#2
(no author information available yet)
Women who work shifts or have a physically demanding job may be less likely to conceive due to poorer egg quality, new study results suggest.
February 22, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220095/don-t-lose-your-brain-at-work-the-role-of-recurrent-novelty-at-work-in-cognitive-and-brain-aging
#3
Jan Oltmanns, Ben Godde, Axel H Winneke, Götz Richter, Claudia Niemann, Claudia Voelcker-Rehage, Klaus Schömann, Ursula M Staudinger
Cognitive and brain aging is strongly influenced by everyday settings such as work demands. Long-term exposure to low job complexity, for instance, has detrimental effects on cognitive functioning and regional gray matter (GM) volume. Brain and cognition, however, are also characterized by plasticity. We postulate that the experience of novelty (at work) is one important trigger of plasticity. We investigated the cumulative effect of recurrent exposure to work-task changes (WTC) at low levels of job complexity on GM volume and cognitive functioning of middle-aged production workers across a time window of 17 years...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211832/associations-between-trunk-flexion-and-physical-activity-of-patient-care-workers-for%C3%A2-a-single-shift-a-pilot-study
#4
Oscar E Arias, Peter E Umukoro, Sonja D Stoffel, Karen Hopcia, Glorian Sorensen, Jack T Dennerlein
BACKGROUND: Trunk flexion and occupational physical activity are parameters that have been used to assess and characterize jobs with high physical demands. OBJECTIVE: Characterize the physical load of trunk flexion and physical activity of patient care unit (PCU) workers during a single work shift. METHODS: Participants wore an accelerometer to measure physical activity and an inclinometer to assess trunk flexion during a single work shift, which was compared using correlation and linear regression analyses...
February 17, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206838/the-art-of-staying-engaged-the-role-of-personal-resources-in-the-mental-well-being-of-young-veterinary-professionals
#5
Nicole J J M Mastenbroek
Health care professionals perceive transitions (e.g., from university to professional practice) to be challenging and stressful. The aim of the present research was to identify person-related characteristics that, in addition to work-related aspects, affect the mental well-being and performance of recently graduated veterinary professionals, and to reach a greater understanding of the role of personal resources in mental health and well-being. Based on the Job Demands-Resources (JD-R) model, a questionnaire measuring work engagement as well as burnout and its potential predictors was developed and distributed to 1,760 veterinarians who graduated in the Netherlands between 1999 and 2009 (response rate 41%, of which 73% were females)...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206808/job-matching-an-interdisciplinary-scoping-study-with-implications-for-vocational-rehabilitation-counseling
#6
Marina Nützi, Bruno Trezzini, Lorenzo Medici, Urban Schwegler
PURPOSE: Matching a person's capabilities and characteristics with the demands and characteristics of their job is crucial for sustainable employment, in particular for persons with disabilities. The present study aims to summarize and synthesize conceptual and empirical knowledge on job matching (JM) from industrial and organizational psychology (IOP), vocational psychology (VP), and return to work (RTW) research. RESEARCH METHOD: We conducted a scoping study applying Arksey and O'Malley's (2005) framework and using eight electronic databases from psychology, economics, and medicine...
February 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203272/job-crafting-work-engagement-and-psychological-distress-among-japanese-employees-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Asuka Sakuraya, Akihito Shimazu, Hisashi Eguchi, Kimika Kamiyama, Yujiro Hara, Katsuyuki Namba, Norito Kawakami
BACKGROUND: Job crafting, an employee-initiated job design/redesign, has become important for employees' well-being. However, most studies on the relationship between job crafting and employees' well-being have been conducted in western countries; thus, it is unclear whether job crafting can be effectively applied to Asian cultures, such as Japan, which emphasizes group harmony. The aim of this study was to examine the cross-sectional associations of self-reported job crafting with work engagement and psychological distress among employees in Japan...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198763/impact-of-role-stressors-on-the-health-of-nurse-managers-a-western-canadian-context
#8
Sonia A Udod, Greta Cummings, W Dean Care, Megan Jenkins
OBJECTIVE: A qualitative exploratory inquiry was used to understand nurse managers' (NMs') perceptions of their role stressors, coping strategies, and self-health related outcomes as a result of frequent exposure to stressful situations in their role. BACKGROUND: Strong nursing leadership is required for desirable staff, patient, and organizational outcomes. A stressed NM will negatively influence staff nurse satisfaction and retention, patient outcomes, and organizational performance...
March 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194126/the-importance-of-team-health-climate-for-health-related-outcomes-of-white-collar-workers
#9
Heiko Schulz, Hannes Zacher, Sonia Lippke
Occupational health researchers and practitioners have mainly focused on the individual and organizational levels, whereas the team level has been largely neglected. In this study, we define team health climate as employees' shared perceptions of the extent to which their team is concerned, cares, and communicates about health issues. Based on climate, signaling, and social exchange theories, we examined a multilevel model of team health climate and its relationships with five well-established health-related outcomes (i...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192000/job-support-coping-and-control-assessment-of-simultaneous-impacts-within-the-occupational-stress-process
#10
Paula Brough, Suzie Drummond, Amanda Biggs
The assessment of occupational stress is marred by an overwhelming adoption of simplistic research designs that generally fail to represent the complex reality of the occupational stress process. Informed by the theoretical tenants of both the transactional stress model and the job-demands-control-support model, this paper presents a rare simultaneous assessment of how two types of job demands (cognitive and emotional) are both moderated by job control and social support and mediated by coping for the prediction of work engagement and psychological strain over time...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191997/different-types-of-employee-well-being-across-time-and-their-relationships-with-job-crafting
#11
Jari J Hakanen, Maria C W Peeters, Wilmar B Schaufeli
We used and integrated the circumplex model of affect (Russell, 1980) and the conservation of resources theory (Hobfoll, 1998) to hypothesize how various types of employee well-being, which can be differentiated on theoretical grounds (i.e., work engagement, job satisfaction, burnout, and workaholism), may differently predict various job crafting behaviors (i.e., increasing structural and social resources and challenging demands, and decreasing hindering demands) and each other over time. At Time 1, we measured employee well-being, and 4 years later at Time 2, job crafting and well-being, using a large sample of Finnish dentists (N = 1,877)...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185559/psychosocial-job-quality-mental-health-and-subjective-wellbeing-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-baseline-wave-of-the-australian-longitudinal-study-on-male-health
#12
Anthony D LaMontagne, Allison Milner, Lauren Krnjacki, Marisa Schlichthorst, Anne Kavanagh, Kathryn Page, Jane Pirkis
BACKGROUND: Employment status and working conditions are strong determinants of male health, and are therefore an important focus in the Australian Longitudinal Study on Male Health (Ten to Men). In this paper, we describe key work variables included in Ten to Men, and present analyses relating psychosocial job quality to mental health and subjective wellbeing at baseline. METHODS: A national sample of males aged 10 to 55 years residing in private dwellings was drawn using a stratified multi-stage cluster random sample design...
October 31, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185307/professional-interpersonal-dynamics-and-burnout-in-european-transplant-surgeons
#13
Michelle T Jesse, Marwan Abouljoud, Anne Eshelman, Chantal De Reyck, Jan Lerut
: Burnout within the health professions has become an increasingly important topic. Evidence suggests there are differences in burnout across different countries. Research has yet to examine burnout in transplant surgeons throughout Europe. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of transplant surgeons across Europe. Survey included sociodemographics, professional characteristics, frequency and discomfort with difficult patient interactions, decisional autonomy, psychological job demands, support (coworker, supervisor, and hospital administration), and burnout including emotional exhaustion (EE), depersonalization (DP), and personal accomplishment (PA)...
February 10, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182465/one-hundred-years-of-work-design-research-looking-back-and-looking-forward
#14
Sharon K Parker, Frederick P Morgeson, Gary Johns
In this article we take a big picture perspective on work design research. In the first section of the paper we identify influential work design articles and use scientific mapping to identify distinct clusters of research. Pulling this material together, we identify five key work design perspectives that map onto distinct historical developments: (a) sociotechnical systems and autonomous work groups, (b) job characteristics model, (c) job demands-control model, (d) job demands-resources model, and (e) role theory...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178966/the-contribution-from-psychological-social-and-organizational-work-factors-to-risk-of-disability-retirement-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analyses
#15
Stein Knardahl, Håkon A Johannessen, Tom Sterud, Mikko Härmä, Reiner Rugulies, Jorma Seitsamo, Vilhelm Borg
BACKGROUND: Previous studies indicate that psychological, social, and organizational factors at work contribute to health, motivation, absence from work, and functional ability. The objective of the study was to assess the current state of knowledge of the contribution of psychological, social, and organizational factors to disability retirement by a systematic review and meta-analyses. METHODS: Data sources: A systematic literature search for studies of retirement due to disability in Medline, Embase, and PsychINFO was performed...
February 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168198/associations-of-occupational-stressors-perceived-organizational-support-and-psychological-capital-with-work-engagement-among-chinese-female-nurses
#16
Xiaoxi Wang, Li Liu, Futing Zou, Junhui Hao, Hui Wu
This study aimed to explore the associations of occupational stressors (extrinsic effort, reward, and overcommitment), perceived organizational support (POS), and psychological capital (PsyCap) and its components (self-efficacy, hope, resilience, and optimism) with work engagement and the mediating roles of PsyCap and its components among Chinese female nurses within the framework of the job demands-resources (JD-R) model. A cross-sectional sample (1,330) completed the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale, Effort-Reward Imbalance Scale, Survey of POS, and PsyCap Questionnaire, and effective respondents were 1,016 (76...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167711/chronic-conditions-workplace-safety-and-job-demands-contribute-to-absenteeism-and-job-performance
#17
Kimberly Jinnett, Natalie Schwatka, Liliana Tenney, Claire V S Brockbank, Lee S Newman
An aging workforce, increased prevalence of chronic health conditions, and the potential for longer working lives have both societal and economic implications. We analyzed the combined impact of workplace safety, employee health, and job demands (work task difficulty) on worker absence and job performance. The study sample consisted of 16,926 employees who participated in a worksite wellness program offered by a workers' compensation insurer to their employers-314 large, midsize, and small businesses in Colorado across multiple industries...
February 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167499/occupational-factors-and-markers-of-ovarian-reserve-and-response-among-women-at-a-fertility-centre
#18
Lidia Mínguez-Alarcón, Irene Souter, Paige L Williams, Jennifer B Ford, Russ Hauser, Jorge E Chavarro, Audrey J Gaskins
OBJECTIVES: To explore whether work schedules and physically demanding work were associated with markers of ovarian reserve and response. METHODS: This analysis included women (n=473 and n=313 for ovarian reserve and ovarian response analysis, respectively) enrolled in a prospective cohort study of couples presenting to an academic fertility centre (2004-2015). Information on occupational factors was collected on a take-home questionnaire, and reproductive outcomes were abstracted from electronic medical records...
February 6, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166868/the-demands-and-resources-arising-from-shared-office-spaces
#19
Rachel L Morrison, Keith A Macky
The prevalence of flexible and shared office spaces is increasing significantly, yet the socioemotional outcomes associated with these environments are under researched. Utilising the job demands-resources (JD-R) model we investigate both the demands and the resources that can accrue to workers as a result of shared work environments and hot-desking. Data were collected from work experienced respondents (n = 1000) assessing the extent to which they shared their office space with others, along with demands comprising distractions, uncooperative behaviours, distrust, and negative relationships, and resources from co-worker friendships and supervisor support...
April 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166127/relating-older-workers-injuries-to-the-mismatch-between-physical-ability-and-job-demands
#20
Laura A Fraade-Blanar, Jeanne M Sears, Kwun Chuen G Chan, Hilaire J Thompson, Paul K Crane, Beth E Ebel
OBJECTIVE: We examined the association between job demand and occupational injury among older workers. METHODS: Participants were workers aged 50+ enrolled in the Health and Retirement Study, 2010 to 2014. Participants reported physical ability within three domains: physical effort, stooping/kneeling/crouching, and lifting. To measure subjective job demand, participants rated their job's demands within domains. We generated objective job demand measures through the Occupational Information Network (ONET)...
February 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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