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Workplace Bullying

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313869/negative-social-acts-and-pain-evidence-of-a-workplace-bullying-and-5-htt-genotype-interaction
#1
Daniel Pitz Jacobsen, Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Ståle Einarsen, Johannes Gjerstad
Objectives Long-term exposure to systematic negative acts at work, usually labeled workplace bullying, is a prevalent problem at many workplaces. The adverse effects of such exposure may range from psychological symptoms, such as depression and anxiety to somatic ailments like cardiovascular disease and musculoskeletal complaints. In this study, we examined the relationships among exposure to negative acts, genetic variability in the 5-HTT gene SLC6A4 and pain. Methods The study was based on a nationally representative survey of 987 Norwegian employees drawn from the Norwegian Central Employee Register by Statistics Norway...
January 9, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304215/the-role-of-hardiness-in-the-bullying-mental-health-relationship
#2
I Reknes, A Harris, S Einarsen
Background: Workplace bullying has consistently been found to predict mental health problems among those affected. However, less attention has been given to personal dispositions as possible moderators in this relationship. Aims: To investigate the moderating role of individual hardiness in the relationship between exposure to bullying behaviours and symptoms of anxiety and depression, respectively, assuming that high hardiness, being an individual stress resilience factor, acts as a buffer in these relationships...
January 3, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304192/optimal-cut-off-points-for-the-short-negative-act-questionnaire-and-their-association-with-depressive-symptoms-and-diagnosis-of-depression
#3
Paul Maurice Conway, Annie Høgh, Kirsten Nabe-Nielsen, Matias Brødsgaard Grynderup, Eva Gemzøe Mikkelsen, Roger Persson, Reiner Rugulies, Jens Peter Ellekilde Bonde, Laura Francioli, Åse Marie Hansen
Objectives: The behavioural experience method has been extensively used in the literature for the measurement of potential bullying behaviours at work. However, this approach presents limitations when used to classify respondents as targets or non-targets of workplace bullying. Therefore, the present study aimed to: (i) identify optimal cut-off points, reflecting a possible subjectively experienced exposure to occasional and frequent workplace bullying, for the 9-item Short Negative Act Questionnaire (S-NAQ), and (ii) examine the criterion validity of these cut-off points in relation to depressive symptoms and diagnosis of depression...
January 3, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294812/workplace-bullying-and-work-engagement-a-self-determination-model
#4
Alan K Goodboy, Matthew M Martin, San Bolkan
This study modeled motivational mechanisms that explain the negative effects of workplace bullying on work engagement. Guided by self-determination theory, workplace bullying was predicted to decrease worker engagement indirectly, due to the denial of employees' basic psychological needs and their intrinsic motivation to work. From a sample of 243 full-time employees, serial multiple mediation models revealed that the indirect relationships between workplace bullying and work engagement (i.e., vigor, dedication, absorption) were serially mediated by basic psychological needs and intrinsic motivation to work...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290270/instruments-and-taxonomy-of-workplace-bullying-in-health-care-organizations
#5
REVIEW
Eun-Jun Park, Mikyoung Lee, Myungsook Park
PURPOSE: This study was aimed to evaluate the methodological issues and comprehensiveness of workplace bullying instruments and to suggest a taxonomy of psychological abuse. METHODS: Nineteen instruments applied in health care organizations and 469 questionnaire items mainly regarding psychological abuse were collected through a literature review. Three researchers classified the questionnaire items according to a "taxonomy of psychological abuse in the workplace...
December 2017: Asian Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281591/leisure-time-physical-inactivity-and-psychological-distress-in-female-dominated-occupations-in-lithuania
#6
Vilija Malinauskiene, Romualdas Malinauskas, Mindaugas Malinauskas
Poor mental health, manifesting as psychological distress, has become a leading problem recently; therefore, determining associated factors is important, especially in female-dominated occupations, as women are more prone to psychological distress than men, in part due to demands of both professional and domestic tasks. The objective of the present study was to investigate associations between leisure time physical inactivity and psychological distress, accounting for the possible relation of psychosocial factors at work (job demands, job control, social support at work, workplace bullying) and life events in representative samples of family physicians, internal medicine department nurses and secondary school teachers in Lithuania...
December 27, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251449/determining-the-optimal-cut-off-scores-for-the-workplace-bullying-inventory
#7
Marie Hutchinson, Joanne Bradbury, Graeme Browne, John Hurley
BACKGROUND: Over the past two decades, there has been considerable research into workplace bullying. One area that remains poorly developed is a tool with the capacity to accurately differentiate between exposed and unexposed employees. AIM: To determine optimal cut-off scores for the Workplace Bullying Inventory (WBI) that accurately classify cases of exposure to workplace bullying. DISCUSSION: Secondary analysis of data collected from Australian public sector employees ( n =2,197) was conducted...
December 18, 2017: Nurse Researcher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196072/social-involvement-issues-in-patients-with-becker-muscular-dystrophy-a-questionnaire-survey-of-subjects-from-a-patient-registry
#8
Madoka Mori-Yoshimura, Yukio Mizuno, Sumiko Yoshida, Narihiro Minami, Naohiro Yonemoto, Fumi Takeuchi, Ichizo Nishino, Miho Murata, Shin'ichi Takeda, Yuji Takahashi, En Kimura
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the relationship between Becker Muscular Dystrophy (BMD) and developmental problems, school life, employment, and mental problems. We aimed to clarify whether BMD is a risk factor for developmental disorders, problematic behavior, psychiatric diseases, and other social difficulties in school life and employment. METHODS: Adults with genetically or immunohistochemically confirmed BMD from the Registry of Muscular Dystrophy in Japan (REMUDY) were asked to complete a questionnaire regarding patient history, school life, employment, and mental problems...
November 29, 2017: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189704/preventing-workplace-incivility-lateral-violence-and-bullying-between-nurses-a-narrative-literature-review
#9
Stefano Bambi, Andrea Guazzini, Christian De Felippis, Alberto Lucchini, Laura Rasero
 Introduction: according to available literature workplace incivility, lateral violence and bullying among nurses are widely diffused. Their negative consequences and the outcomes on nurses and healthcare organizations have been well described. However, real pro-active and reactive actions to manage these issues, seem to be poorly recognized and investigated. AIM: to summarize the results of international studies regarding the prevention of individual and collective reactions towards workplace incivility, lateral violence, and bullying between nurses...
November 30, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187725/mobbing-bullying-at-work-in-italy-characteristics-of-successful-court-cases
#10
Daniela Acquadro Maran, Silvia Bernardelli, Antonella Varetto
BACKGROUND: Mobbing (bullying at work) refers to a form of psychological harassment that occurs in the workplace, in which the victim must be systematically and continuously persecuted for a long period of time. The aim of this work is to analyze the court judgments related to mobbing. METHODS: The data, collected from a website that included judgments from an Italian court, were analyzed according to the literature, identifying the type of victims, consequences, methods of harassment, type of mobbers, and compensation decided by the court...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178598/workplace-bullying-and-burnout-among-healthcare-employees-the-moderating-effect-of-control-related-resources
#11
Yael Livne, Ruhama Goussinsky
Workplace bullying is a widespread and challenging problem in healthcare organizations, bearing negative consequences for individuals and organizations. Drawing on the job demands-resources theory, in this study, we examined the relationship between workplace bullying and burnout among healthcare employees, as well as the moderating role of job autonomy and occupational self-efficacy in this relationship. Using a cross-sectional design with anonymous questionnaires, data were collected from two samples of 309 healthcare employees in a mental health facility, and 105 nurses studying for their bachelor degree in health systems administration...
November 27, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163321/does-ability-to-defend-moderate-the-association-between-exposure-to-bullying-and-symptoms-of-anxiety
#12
Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Johannes Gjerstad, Daniel Pitz Jacobsen, Ståle Valvatne Einarsen
In the context of workplace bullying, the ability to defend refers to whether or not a target feels able to deal with those negative behaviors that typically constitute bullying. The aim of this study was to determine whether the perceived ability to defend oneself moderates the association between exposure to bullying behaviors at work and symptoms of anxiety as predicted by the definition of workplace bullying. It was hypothesized that exposure to bullying behaviors would be more strongly related to symptoms of anxiety among targets feeling unable to defend oneself than among targets who do feel that they are able to defend themselves in the actual situation...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151565/effects-of-a-cognitive-rehearsal-program-on-interpersonal-relationships-workplace-bullying-symptom-experience-and-turnover-intention-among-nurses-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Jiyeon Kang, Jeung Im Kim, Seonyoung Yun
PURPOSE: This research aimed to investigate the effects of a cognitive rehearsal program (CRP) on workplace bullying among nurses. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was performed. Participants were 40 nurses working in different university hospitals in B city, South Korea. The experimental group was provided with a 20-hour CRP comprising scenarios on bullying situations, standard communication, and role-playing. To evaluate effects of the CRP, we measured interpersonal relationships, workplace bullying, symptom experience, and turnover intention at preand post-intervention...
October 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150313/safety-practices-perceptions-and-behaviors-in-radiation-oncology-a-national-survey-of-radiation-therapists
#14
Kristina Demas Woodhouse, David Hashemi, Kathryn Betcher, Abigail Doucette, Allison Weaver, Brian Monzon, Seth A Rosenthal, Neha Vapiwala
PURPOSE: Radiation therapy is complex and demands high vigilance and precise coordination. Radiation therapists (RTTs) directly deliver radiation and are often the first to discover an error. Yet, few studies have examined the practices of RTTs regarding patient safety. We conducted a national survey to explore the perspectives of RTTs related to quality and safety. METHODS AND MATERIALS: In 2016, an electronic survey was sent to a random sample of 1500 RTTs in the United States...
January 2018: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149499/being-there-and-reconnecting-midwives-perceptions-of-the-impact-of-mindfulness-training-on-their-practice
#15
Louise Hunter, Sarah Snow, Sian Warriner
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain how midwives perceived attending a mindfulness course impacted on their professional practice, particularly in regard to any stress they experienced at work. DESIGN: A qualitative study using Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with nine midwives. SETTING: A large maternity Trust in the United Kingdom. INTERVENTION: An eight-week Mindfulness course, adapted from Mindfulness-based Cognitive Therapy...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130114/workplace-bullying-and-violence-as-risk-factors-for-type-2-diabetes-a-multicohort-study-and-meta-analysis
#16
Tianwei Xu, Linda L Magnusson Hanson, Theis Lange, Liis Starkopf, Hugo Westerlund, Ida E H Madsen, Reiner Rugulies, Jaana Pentti, Sari Stenholm, Jussi Vahtera, Åse M Hansen, Mika Kivimäki, Naja H Rod
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this multicohort study was to examine whether employees exposed to social stressors at work, such as workplace bullying and violence, have an increased risk of type 2 diabetes. METHODS: The study included 45,905 men and women (40-65 years of age and free of diabetes at baseline) from four studies in Sweden, Denmark and Finland. Workplace bullying and violence were self-reported at baseline. Incident diabetes was ascertained through national health and medication records and death registers...
November 13, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125021/organizational-policies-and-programs-to-reduce-job-stress-and-risk-of-workplace-violence-among-k-12-education-staff
#17
Paul Landsbergis, Jeanette Zoeckler, Zerin Kashem, Bianca Rivera, Darryl Alexander, Amy Bahruth
We examine strategies, programs, and policies that educators have developed to reduce work stressors and thus health risks. First, we review twenty-seven empirical studies and review papers on organizational programs and policies in K-12 education published from 1990 to 2015 and find some evidence that mentoring, induction, and Peer Assistance and Review programs can increase support, skill development, decision-making authority, and perhaps job security, for teachers-and thus have the potential to reduce job stressors...
January 1, 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111987/does-workplace-bullying-affect-long-term-sickness-absence-among-co-workers
#18
Åse Marie Hansen, Matias Brødsgaard Grynderup, Jens Peter Bonde, Paul Maurice Conway, Anne Helene Garde, Linda Kaerlev, Henrik A Kolstad, Sigurd Mikkelsen, Reiner Rugulies, Jane Frølund Thomsen, Morten Willert, Annie Hogh
AIM: To examine if non-bullied employees at work units (WUs) with workplace bullying have more long-term sickness absence (LTSA) than employees in non-bullying WUs. METHODS: We included 7229 public health employees from 302 WUs and 3158 responders to a questionnaire on working conditions and health in 2007. WUs were classified into three categories of WUs; 1) no bullying (0% bullied); 2) moderate prevalence of bullying (<10% bullied); and 3) high prevalence of bullying (≥10% bullied)...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106276/leader-dark-traits-workplace-bullying-and-employee-depression-exploring-mediation-and-the-role-of-the-dark-core
#19
Alexander Tokarev, Abigail R Phillips, David J Hughes, Paul Irwing
A growing body of empirical evidence now supports a negative association between dark traits in leaders and the psychological health of employees. To date, such investigations have mostly focused on psychopathy, nonspecific measures of psychological wellbeing, and have not considered the mechanisms through which these relationships might operate. In the current study (N = 508), we utilized other-ratings of personality (employees rated leaders' personality), psychometrically robust measures, and sophisticated modeling techniques, to examine whether the effects of leaders' levels of narcissism and psychopathy on employee depression are mediated by workplace bullying...
October 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100575/from-the-top-down-how-leadership-can-diminish-workplace-bullying
#20
Nina Ng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
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