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Workplace Bullying

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631389/to-stand-back-or-step-in-exploring-the-responses-of-employees-who-observe-workplace-bullying
#1
Sarah MacCurtain, Caroline Murphy, Michelle O'Sullivan, Juliet MacMahon, Tom Turner
Bullying remains a pervasive problem in healthcare, and evidence suggests systems in place are not utilised due to perceptions of ineffectiveness and inequity. This study examines bystander responses to bullying and factors that influence decisions to intervene. We explore relationships between bystanders' perceptions of psychological safety across three levels (organisation, supervisor and colleague) and reactions to witnessing bullying. We suggest psychological safety would be positively associated with the decision to intervene...
June 20, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616999/investigating-why-and-for-whom-management-ethnic-representativeness-influences-interpersonal-mistreatment-in-the-workplace
#2
Alex P Lindsey, Derek R Avery, Jeremy F Dawson, Eden B King
Preliminary research suggests that employees use the demographic makeup of their organization to make sense of diversity-related incidents at work. The authors build on this work by examining the impact of management ethnic representativeness-the degree to which the ethnic composition of managers in an organization mirrors or is misaligned with the ethnic composition of employees in that organization. To do so, they integrate signaling theory and a sense-making perspective into a relational demography framework to investigate why and for whom management ethnic representativeness may have an impact on interpersonal mistreatment at work...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614029/attitudes-towards-attrition-among-uk-trainees-in-obstetrics-and-gynaecology
#3
Irene Gafson, Jane Currie, Sabrina O'Dwyer, Katherine Woolf, Ann Griffin
Physician dissatisfaction in the workplace has consequences for patient safety. Currently in the UK, 1 in 5 doctors who enter specialist training in obstetrics and gynaecology leave the programme before completion. Trainee attrition has implications for workforce planning, organization of health-care services and patient care. The authors conducted a survey of current trainees' and former trainees' views concerning attrition and 'peri-attrition' - a term coined to describe the trainee who has seriously considered leaving the specialty...
June 2, 2017: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608169/continued-bullying-victimization-from-childhood-to-young-adulthood-a-longitudinal-study-of-mediating-and-protective-factors
#4
Mara Brendgen, François Poulin
Bullying in schools has severe consequences for victims' adjustment. It is unclear, however, whether victims of school bullying continue to be victimized in other contexts during adulthood. Mediating processes through which peer victimization in school increases the risk of revictimization in adulthood, as well as protective factors, also need to be explored. This study examined 1) the longitudinal association between peer victimization in school and victimization at work during young adulthood, 2) the predictive link of reactive and proactive aggression and anxious-withdrawn behavior in childhood with victimization in school and at the workplace, 3) the potential mediating role of depression symptoms, and 4) the potential protective effect of friendship support...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599773/workplace-bullying-perceived-job-stressors-and-psychological-distress-gender-and-race-differences-in-the-stress-process
#5
Brandon K Attell, Kiersten Kummerow Brown, Linda A Treiber
A large body of empirical research documents the adverse mental health consequences of workplace bullying. However, less is known about gender and race differences in the processes that link workplace bullying and poor mental health. In the current study, we use structural equation modeling of survey data from the 2010 Health and Retirement Study (N = 2292) and draw on stress process theory to examine coworker support as a buffering mechanism against workplace bullying, and gender and race differences in the relationships between bullying and psychological distress...
July 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584320/workplace-bullying-and-mental-health-among-teachers-in-relation-to-psychosocial-job-characteristics-and-burnout
#6
Lina Bernotaite, Vilija Malinauskiene
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study has been to assess the associations between psychological distress and exposure to workplace bullying, taking into account possible influence of adverse psychosocial job characteristics and occupational burnout in a sample of Kaunas (Lithuania) teachers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study sample included 517 teachers from 13 secondary schools and was conducted in 2014. The participants filled in the anonymous questionnaire (response rate 71...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560890/book-review-misbehavior-in-organizations-a-dynamic-approach-cyberbullying-where-are-we-now-a-cross-national-understanding-infostorms-why-do-we-like-explaining-individual-behavior-on-the-social-net-stalker-hacker-voyeur-spy-a-psychoanalytic-study-of-erotomania
#7
Martin Guha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553241/assessing-dispositions-toward-ridicule-and-laughter-in-the-workplace-adapting-and-validating-the-phophikat-9-questionnaire
#8
Jennifer Hofmann, Willibald Ruch, René T Proyer, Tracey Platt, Fabian Gander
The current paper addresses the measurement of three dispositions toward ridicule and laughter; i.e., gelotophobia (the fear of being laughed at), gelotophilia (the joy of being laughed at), and katagelasticism (the joy of laughing at others). These traits explain inter-individual differences in responses to humor, laughter, and social situations related to humorous encounters. First, an ultra-short form of the PhoPhiKat-45 (Ruch and Proyer, 2009) was adapted in two independent samples (Construction Sample N = 157; Replication Sample N = 1,774)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512986/work-climate-and-the-mediating-role-of-workplace-bullying-related-to-job-performance-job-satisfaction-and-work-ability-a-study-among-hospital-nurses
#9
Espen Olsen, Gunhild Bjaalid, Aslaug Mikkelsen
AIM: To increase understanding of workplace bullying and its relation to work climate and different outcomes among nurses. Examine a proposed bullying model including both job resource and job demands, as well as nurse outcomes reflected in job performance, job satisfaction, and work ability. BACKGROUND: Workplace bullying has been identified as some of the most damaging mechanisms in workplace settings. It is important to increase understanding of workplace bullying in relation to work climate and different outcomes among nurses...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512360/bullying-behavior-and-mental-health-in-healthcare-and-educational-sectors-in-kaunas-lithuania
#10
Lina Bernotaite, Vilija Malinauskiene, Palmira Leisyte
BACKGROUND: Investigations on workplace bullying in the countries of Eastern Europe are yet not too extensive. The aim of the study has been to identify the most frequent bullying behavior and to explore the associations with psychological distress and post-traumatic stress symptoms in 3 female-dominated occupations in Kaunas, Lithuania. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This crosssectional study employed 517 teachers (response rate (RR) = 71.3%), 174 family physicians (RR = 65...
May 16, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456062/uncovering-degrees-of-workplace-bullying-a-comparison-of-baccalaureate-nursing-students-experiences-during-clinical-placement-in-australia-and-the-uk
#11
Melanie Birks, Robyn P Cant, Lea M Budden, Michele Russell-Westhead, Yeter Sinem Üzar Özçetin, Stephen Tee
Bullying in health workplaces has a negative impact on nurses, their families, multidisciplinary teams, patient care and the profession. This paper compares the experiences of Australian and UK baccalaureate nursing students in relation to bullying and harassment during clinical placement. A secondary analysis was conducted on two primary cross-sectional studies of bullying experiences of Australian and UK nursing students. Data were collected using the Student Experience of Bullying during Clinical Placement (SEBDCP) questionnaire and analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics...
April 17, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455111/the-incongruity-of-workplace-bullying-victimization-and-inclusive-excellence
#12
Laura Cox Dzurec, Monica Kennison, Patricia Gillen
PURPOSE: Bullying occurs frequently-and with significant negative outcomes-in workplace settings. Once established, bullying endures in the workplace, requiring the interaction of a bully perpetrator and an intended target who takes on the role of victim. Not every target becomes a victim, however. The purpose of this study is to investigate the processes by which targets, intended objects of bullies' affronts, become victims, those individuals who experience ongoing emotional injury in response to bullies' affronts, and to clarify how bullying victimization impedes inclusive excellence in the workplace...
February 7, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445177/workplace-bullying-as-a-predictor-of-disability-retirement-a-prospective-registry-study-of-norwegian-employees
#13
Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Jan Shahid Emberland, Stein Knardahl
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine 1) whether bullying is related to all-cause disability retirement, 2) whether bullying contributes to the variance in disability retirement above high job demands and lack of job control, and 3) to establish gender differences in the relationship. METHODS: Survey data from 14,501 Norwegian employees on exposure factors linked to registry data on all-cause disability retirement. RESULTS: Bullying significantly predicted risk of disability retirement (hazard ratio = 1...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402201/bullying-and-cyberbullying-in-adulthood-and-the-workplace
#14
Robin M Kowalski, Allison Toth, Megan Morgan
Two studies generated profiles of cyberbullying/cyberincivility and traditional bullying/incivility in adults, particularly within the workplace. In Study 1, 20% of 3,699 participants had the majority of cyberbullying victimization and 7.5% had the majority of traditional bullying victimization occur in adulthood, with 30% saying they were bullied at work. Relationships between bullying and negative outcomes were found. Because of the clear evidence of bullying and cyberbullying in the workplace in Study 1, Study 2 addressed the relationship of these constructs to workplace incivility...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371824/workplace-bullying-and-presenteeism-the-path-through-emotional-exhaustion-and-psychological-wellbeing
#15
Mariana Neto, Aristides I Ferreira, Luis F Martinez, Paula C Ferreira
Objective: Workplace bullying is an increasing phenomenon that concerns managers and employees. However, few studies have investigated how workplace bullying relates with work-related exhaustion and indicators of productivity loss due to presenteeism. Thus, the aim of the present study was to examine the intervening variables of emotional exhaustion and psychological wellbeing in the direct and indirect relationships between workplace bullying and indicators of productivity loss due to presenteeism...
June 1, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363383/becoming-inclusive-a-code-of-conduct-for-inclusion-and-diversity
#16
Bonnie J Schmidt, Brent R MacWilliams, Leslie Neal-Boylan
There are increasing concerns about exclusionary behaviors and lack of diversity in the nursing profession. Exclusionary behaviors, which may include incivility, bullying, and workplace violence, discriminate and isolate individuals and groups who are different, whereas inclusive behaviors encourage diversity. To address inclusion and diversity in nursing, this article offers a code of conduct. This code of conduct builds on existing nursing codes of ethics and applies to nursing students and nurses in both educational and practice settings...
March 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302927/workplace-incivility-in-japan-reliability-and-validity-of-the-japanese-version-of-the-modified-work-incivility-scale
#17
Kanami Tsuno, Norito Kawakami, Akihito Shimazu, Kyoko Shimada, Akiomi Inoue, Michael P Leiter
OBJECTIVES: Although incivility is a common interpersonal mistreatment and associated with poor mental health, there are few studies about it in Asian countries. The aim of this study was to develop the Japanese version of the modified Work Incivility Scale (J-MWIS), investigate its reliability and validity, and reveal the prevalence of incivility among Japanese employees in comparison with data on Canadian employees. METHODS: A total of 2,191 Japanese and 1,071 Canadian employees were surveyed, using either the J-MWIS or MWIS...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270936/aggression-from-patients-or-next-of-kin-and-exposure-to-bullying-behaviors-a-conglomerate-experience
#18
Iselin Reknes, Guy Notelaers, Nils Magerøy, Ståle Pallesen, Bjørn Bjorvatn, Bente Elisabeth Moen, Ståle Einarsen
Although workplace violence and aggression have been identified as important stressors in the nursing profession, studies simultaneously comparing patient-initiated aggression and exposure to bullying behaviors at work are rather scarce. The aim of this study was to compare aggression from patients or next of kin and exposure to bullying behaviors in terms of prevalence, health-related quality of life outcomes, and potential overlap in those targeted. In the period of 2008-2009, data were collected among 2059 members of the Norwegian Nurses Organization...
2017: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212481/-workplace-bullying-during-specialty-training-in-a-pediatric-hospital-in-mexico-a-little-noticed-phenomenon
#19
Ana Carolina Sepúlveda-Vildósola, Alma Rebeca Mota-Nova, Germán Enrique Fajardo-Dolci, L Isabel Reyes-Lagunes
BACKGROUND: Workplace bullying (WB) is a hostile or intimidating behavior that is practiced against workers and has a negative impact on health, job performance, and the learning process. The objective was to research WB magnitude and its associated factors in Mexico. METHODS: Mixed method study. A survey was designed and administered to all the residents in a pediatric hospital in Mexico who agreed to participate. The survey was divided in two sections: a) resident self-reported events of workplace bullying and associated factors, b) situations and factors of abuse were interrogated in a targeted manner...
2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196575/workplace-violence-against-nurses-vhembe-district-hospitals-south-africa
#20
Tshifularo Olga Mahani, Henry Abayomi Akinsola, Jabu Mabunda, Helen Tosin Oni
INTRODUCTION: Work-related violence is a common problem worldwide. In South Africa, the Medical Research Council conducted a study on workplace violence in the health care industry and reported that most respondents had experienced it in different forms. PURPOSE: This study aimed to identify the types and causes of workplace violence toward nurses in Thulamela hospitals, Vhembe district. METHODS: The study employed a quantitative approach using a cross-sectional design...
February 1, 2017: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
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