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Workplace Bullying

Erika L Sabbath, Jessica A R Williams, Leslie I Boden, Tommaso Tempesti, Gregory R Wagner, Karen Hopcia, Dean Hashimoto, Glorian Sorensen
OBJECTIVE: Bullied workers have poor self-reported mental health; monetary costs of bullying exposure are unknown. We tested associations between bullying and health plan claims for mental health diagnoses. METHODS: We used data from 793 hospital workers who answered questions about bullying in a survey and subscribed to the group health plan. We used two-part models to test associations between types of incivility/bullying and mental health expenditures. RESULTS: Workers experiencing incivility or bullying had greater odds of any mental health claims...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Jan Shahid Emberland, Stein Knardahl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Tomoyuki Kawada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Jiyeon Kang, Yeon Jin Jeong, Kyoung Ran Kong
PURPOSE: This qualitative study aimed to explore the experience of incivility among nursing students. METHODS: Sixteen nursing students who had experienced incivility during their clinical placement were invited for one-on-one interviews until the point of theoretical saturation. The grounded theory approach of Corbin and Strauss was adopted to analyze transcribed interview contents. RESULTS: Incivility occurred in the context of a hierarchical organizational culture, due to nursing students' position as outsiders, non-systematic clinical education, and poor nursing work environment...
February 2018: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
Lauren E Pfeifer, Judith A Vessey
Over the past several years, researchers have postulated that Magnet® organizations improve collegiality and potentially could mitigate workplace bullying and lateral violence (BLV). In order to synthesize and evaluate the existing literature on BLV in the Magnet® setting, an integrative review was conducted. The final analysis consisted of 11 articles (8 quantitative and 3 qualitative studies) and revealed that researchers still use a variety of terms to define and measure BLV. Several of the studies used blended samples of both Magnet® and non-Magnet nurses, making it difficult to evaluate for response differences...
August 2017: Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice
Joy Longo, Michael A DeDonno
Incivility and bullying in healthcare can impact care delivery and quality. There are challenges in research to making a direct link between the behaviors and patient outcomes. One way to address the challenges is through the creation of bullying vignettes that induce mood changes that reflect a feeling of being bullied. The purpose of this study was to develop workplace bullying textual vignettes and to test content validity. Cognitive interviewing was used by engaging content experts to rate 21 author-created vignettes for relevance, realism, and severity...
March 5, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Samantha E Smith, Victoria R Tallentire, Lindsey M Pope, Anita H Laidlaw, Jill Morrison
OBJECTIVES: To explore the reasons that doctors choose to leave UK medicine after their foundation year two posts. SETTING: All four regions of Scotland. PARTICIPANTS: Foundation year two doctors (F2s) working throughout Scotland who were considering leaving UK medicine after foundation training were recruited on a volunteer basis. Maximum variation between participants was sought. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Semistructured interviews were coded using template analysis...
March 2, 2018: BMJ Open
Y Q Sun, Y X Ge, Z W Ke, Y Y Li, Q X Jin, Y F Lu
Objective: To investigate the relationship between workplace bullying and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in nursing staff, and to analyze the role of psychological capital between workplace bullying and PTSD. Methods: From December 2014 to June 2015, convenience sampling was used to collect 496 nurses from 5 grade A tertiary hospitals in a province of China. Their workplace bullying, psychological capital, and PTSD status were assessed using the Negative Acts Questionnaire, Psychological Capital Questionnaire, and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Self-Rating Scale, respectively...
January 20, 2018: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
Ilias Chatziioannidis, Francesca Giuseppina Bascialla, Panagiota Chatzivalsama, Fotios Vouzas, Georgios Mitsiakos
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to examine the prevalence, to report barriers and mental health impact of bullying behaviours and to analyse whether psychological support at work could affect victims of bullying in the healthcare workplace. DESIGN: Self-administered questionnaire survey. SETTING: 20 in total neonatal intensive care units in 17 hospitals in Greece. PARTICIPANTS: 398 healthcare professionals (doctors, nurses)...
February 24, 2018: BMJ Open
Nicola Cherry, Victoria Arrandale, Jeremy Beach, Jean-Michel F Galarneau, Antonia Mannette, Laura Rodgers
Objectives: There is little information on how work tasks, demands, and exposures differ between women and men in nominally the same job. This is critical in setting workplace standards that will protect the health of both men and those women moving into less traditional work roles. Information used in setting standards is currently based almost entirely on male workers. This paper describes differences in work and health, and the relation between them, in women and men who have undergone the same trade training for the welding or electrical trades...
February 17, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
Hannah M Curtis, Hendrika Meischke, Bert Stover, Nancy J Simcox, Noah S Seixas
Objectives: Despite women's increased representation in the overall workforce, construction remains a male-dominated industry. Prior studies have noted that the hazardous workplace environment combined with a culture that can be discriminatory and openly hostile can threaten women workers' health and safety. However, little information exists about the current physical and psychosocial hazards at work affecting tradeswomen. Methods: We examined differences in workplace exposure between women and men, and the association of these exposures with self-reported stress and work injury, in order to highlight how gendered conditions of work negatively affect tradeswomen's health...
February 17, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
Alice M Hellebrand
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Nephrology Nursing Journal: Journal of the American Nephrology Nurses' Association
Johanna Spiers, Marta Buszewicz, Carolyn A Chew-Graham, Ruth Riley
Doctors, including general practitioners, experience higher levels of mental illness than the general population. General practitioners who are partners in their practices may face heightened stress. In total, 10 general practitioner partners living with work-related distress were interviewed, and transcripts were analysed using interpretative phenomenological analysis. Three major themes arose: (1) extreme distress, (2) conflicted doctor identity and (3) toxic versus supportive workplace relationships. Participants detailed symptoms of depression, anxiety and burnout; reported conflicted identities; and discussed the impact of bullying partnerships...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Seonyoung Yun, Jiyeon Kang
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to build and test a model outlining the factors related to workplace bullying among nurses. The hypothesized model included authentic leadership and a relationship-oriented organizational culture as influencing factors, symptom experience and turnover intention as consequences, and positive psychological capital as a mediator of workplace bullying among nurses. METHODS: We obtained structured questionnaire data from 301 nurses working at hospitals in South Korea...
February 7, 2018: Asian Nursing Research
Mats Glambek, Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Johannes Gjerstad, Ståle Einarsen
OBJECTIVE: The association between exposure to bullying at work and subsequent pain reports is relatively well-established, but few studies have examined possible moderators of this relationship. As gender is a known risk factor for pain, with women reporting pain levels of higher intensity and longer duration, a possible gender difference in the relationship between bullying and pain has been suggested, but not sufficiently tested. The objective of the present study was therefore to examine whether gender moderates the prospective relationship between exposure to workplace bullying behaviours and subsequent subjective back and neck pain...
March 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Anthony Llewellyn, Aspasia Karageorge, Louise Nash, Wenlong Li, Dennis Neuen
Objective The aim of this study was to describe rates of exposure to bullying and sexual harassment in junior doctors in first- or second-year prevocational medical training (PGY1 or PGY2 respectively) positions in New South Wales (NSW) and the Australian Capital Territory (ACT), and to explore the types of actions taken in response. Methods A cross-sectional survey of junior doctors in PGY1 or PGY2 positions was undertaken in 2015 and 2016 (n=374 and 440 respectively). Thematic analysis was undertaken on free-text responses to describe the reporting process and outcomes in more depth...
February 16, 2018: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
Natalia D'Souza, Darryl Forsyth, David Tappin, Bevan Catley
AIMS: To explore nurses' understandings and perceptions of workplace cyberbullying, in order to develop a relevant and meaningful definition of the phenomenon for future research and practice. BACKGROUND: Although previous research places nurses at an elevated risk of exposure to traditional workplace bullying, there is a notable absence of research investigating workplace cyberbullying within this profession. Considering the detrimental outcomes experienced by the targets of workplace cyberbullying, this is an issue that warrants focus...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Nursing Management
Judith Rosta, Olaf G Aasland
OBJECTIVES: To examine 12-month prevalence of perceived bullying at work for doctors in different job categories and medical disciplines in 1993, 2004 and 2014-2015, and personality traits, work-related and health-related factors associated with perceived workplace bullying. DESIGN: Cross-sectional questionnaire surveys in 1993, 2004 and 2014-2015 where the 2004 and the 2012-2015 samples are partly overlapping. SETTING: Norway. PARTICIPANTS: Response rates were 72...
February 3, 2018: BMJ Open
C A Fleming, G Humm, J R Wild, H M Mohan, S T Hornby, R L Harries, J E F Fitzgerald, A J Beamish
BACKGROUND: As front-line healthcare staff, doctors in surgical training occupy a unique organisational space rotating through hospitals and services in which they witness first hand both good and bad practice. This puts trainees in a clear position to identify and raise patient safety issues, and to contribute to discussions regarding quality and safety improvement. However, there are a number of real and perceived barriers to trainees doing so. These include concerns about the impact on training assessments and career progression, and uncertainty about the appropriate route...
February 8, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
Yuh-Hsuan Lin, Shu-Tai Sheen Hsiao, Chiou-Fen Lin, Chyn-Yng Yang, Min-Huey Chung
BACKGROUND: Workplace bullying is known to have a significant and detrimental effect on the physical and psychological outcomes of its victims. The reactions of victims to bullying may decrease clinical care outcomes and patient safety. PURPOSE: To explore the relationship between workplace bullying and the attitudes of female nurses toward the safety of their patients. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey study used convenience sampling. Participants included female nurses from a regional teaching hospital...
February 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
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