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Workplace Bullying

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812953/workplace-bullying-and-turnover-intention-exploring-work-engagement-as-a-potential-mediator
#1
Melinde Coetzee, Jeannette van Dyk
Employees' turnover intentions may entail expensive consequences for companies. The study examined the mediating effect of work engagement in the relationship between workplace bullying and turnover intention. Using a cross-sectional sample of 373 employees, structural equation modeling and mediation analysis showed that perceptions of work- and person-related bullying were linked to low levels of vigor and dedication which in turn were associated with high turnover intention. Work engagement partially mediated the effect of high workplace bullying on high turnover intention...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805151/recognizing-and-responding-to-the-toxic-work-environment-worker-safety-patient-safety-and-abuse-neglect-in-nursing-homes
#2
Carolyn E Z Pickering, Katie Nurenberg, Lawrence Schiamberg
This grounded theory study examined how the certified nursing assistant (CNA) understands and responds to bullying in the workplace. Constant comparative analysis was used to analyze data from in-depth telephone interviews with CNAs ( N = 22) who experienced bullying while employed in a nursing home. The result of the analysis is a multistep model describing CNA perceptions of how, over time, they recognized and responded to the "toxic" work environment. The strategies used in responding to the "toxic" environment affected their care provision and were attributed to the development of several resident and worker safety outcomes...
August 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792231/the-impact-of-perceived-effort-reward-imbalance-on-workplace-bullying-also-a-matter-of-organizational-identification
#3
Dina Guglielmi, Greta Mazzetti, Paola Villano, Gabriela Topa Cantisano
Work environments characterized by inadequate work conditions have been widely recognized as being particularly prone to the occurrence and exacerbation of bullying behavior. Accordingly, this longitudinal study aimed to explore whether the impact of effort-reward imbalance (ERI) on workplace bullying was mediated by a lower perception of organizational justice, and whether the association between ERI and perceptions of justice was moderated by organizational identification. In the current study, a sample of N = 195 Spanish employees from different occupational sectors filled in an online questionnaire at two different times with a time lag of 8 months...
August 9, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777767/social-capital-and-workplace-bullying
#4
Patricia Pihl, Karen Albertsen, Annie Hogh, Lars Peter Sønderbo Andersen
BACKGROUND: Workplace bullying is a serious stressor with devastating short- and long-term consequences. The concept of organizational social capital may provide insights into the interactional and communicative dynamics of the bullying process and opportunities for prevention. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the association between organizational social capital and being a target or observer of workplace bullying. METHODS: Based on self-reported cross-sectional data from a large representative sample of the Danish working population (n = 10...
August 1, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777333/workplace-violence-toward-physicians-and-nurses-prevalence-and-correlates-in-macau
#5
Teris Cheung, Paul H Lee, Paul S F Yip
This paper sets out to estimate the prevalence of workplace violence in relation to socio-demographic characteristics of physicians and nurses working in healthcare settings in Macau. Background: Concerted efforts worldwide to reduce workplace violence (WPV) have not yet removed medical-related professionals from the threat of patients', family members', and colleagues' physical and other assaults in Southeast Asia. Methods: The study employs a cross-sectional design to estimate the prevalence and examines the socio-economic and psychological correlates of WPV among medical doctors and nurses in Macau...
August 4, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742690/do-surgeons-react-a-retrospective-analysis-of-surgeons-response-to-harassment-of-a-colleague-during-simulated-operating-theatre-scenarios
#6
Hannah Gostlow, Camila Vega Vega, Nicholas Marlow, Wendy Babidge, Guy Maddern
OBJECTIVE: To assess and report on surgeons' ability to identify and manage incidences of harassment. BACKGROUND: The Royal Australasian College of Surgeons is committed to driving out discrimination, bullying, harassment, and sexual harassment from surgical training and practice, through changing the culture of the workplace. To eradicate these behaviors, it is first critical to understand how the current workforce responds to these actions. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of video data of an operating theatre simulation was conducted to identify how surgeons, from a range of experience levels, react to instances of harassment...
July 24, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701085/book-review-misbehavior-in-organizations-a-dynamic-approach-cyberbullying-where-are-we-now-a-cross-national-understanding-infostorms-why-do-we-like-explaining-individual-behavior-on-the-social-net-stalker-hacker-voyeur-spy-a-psychoanalytic-study-of-erotomania
#7
Martin Guha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692000/the-role-of-psychological-stress-reactions-in-the-longitudinal-relation-between-workplace-bullying-and-turnover
#8
Kirsten Nabe-Nielsen, Matias Brødsgaard Grynderup, Paul Maurice Conway, Thomas Clausen, Jens Peter Bonde, Anne Helene Garde, Annie Hogh, Linda Kaerlev, Eszter Török, Åse Marie Hansen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between workplace bullying and change of job/unemployment, and to investigate whether psychological stress reactions constitute a potential pathway linking workplace bullying and change of job/unemployment. METHODS: We used questionnaire data on workplace bullying and psychological stress reactions and register data on change of job/unemployment. We applied a multiple pathway approach to estimate the proportion of the association between workplace bullying and subsequent change of job/unemployment that was potentially mediated by psychological stress reactions...
July 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690574/an-experimental-study-on-the-attribution-of-personality-traits-to-bullies-and-targets-in-a-workplace-setting
#9
Ståle Pallesen, Morten B Nielsen, Nils Magerøy, Cecilie S Andreassen, Ståle Einarsen
Previous studies on the personality of bullies and targets have exclusively been based on self-report. Against this backdrop we conducted a between group experimental vignette study with three conditions, describing a bully, a target and a control, respectively. Students (n = 242) were recruited as participants and rated the target on the observer rating version of the NEO Five Factor Inventory-Revised reflecting the personality dimensions Neuroticism, Extroversion, Openness to experience, Agreeableness and Conscientiousness...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686136/workplace-bullying-in-the-australian-health-context-a-systematic-review
#10
Sharlene Chadwick, Joanne Travaglia
Purpose During the past decade, there has been increased attention into bullying behaviours in workplaces. Research to date has varied in design, the definition of what constitutes bullying behaviour, as well as the methods used to collect data and measure bullying incidence and prevalence. Nonetheless, studies demonstrate that bullying is a significant issue, which warrants an increased research focus to develop greater understanding of the concept, its effects and implications in, and for, the workplace. The purpose of this paper is to focus on capturing a range of international and Australian literature regarding workplace bullying behaviours in a health context from a management perspective...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680455/a-new-technique-to-measure-online-bullying-online-computerized-adaptive-testing
#11
Shu-Ching Ma, Hsiu-Hung Wang, Tsair-Wei Chien
BACKGROUND: Workplace bullying has been measured in many studies to investigate mental health issues. None uses online computerized adaptive testing (CAT) with cutting points to report bully prevalence at workplace. OBJECTIVE: To develop an online CAT to examine person being bullied and verify whether item response theory-based CAT can be applied online for nurses to measure exposure to workplace bullying. METHODS: A total of 963 nurses were recruited and responded to the 22-item Negative Acts Questionnaire-Revised (NAQ-R)...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631389/to-stand-back-or-step-in-exploring-the-responses-of-employees-who-observe-workplace-bullying
#12
Sarah MacCurtain, Caroline Murphy, Michelle O'Sullivan, Juliet MacMahon, Tom Turner
Bullying remains a pervasive problem in healthcare, and evidence suggests systems in place are not utilised due to perceptions of ineffectiveness and inequity. This study examines bystander responses to bullying and factors that influence decisions to intervene. We explore relationships between bystanders' perceptions of psychological safety across three levels (organisation, supervisor and colleague) and reactions to witnessing bullying. We suggest psychological safety would be positively associated with the decision to intervene...
June 20, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616999/investigating-why-and-for-whom-management-ethnic-representativeness-influences-interpersonal-mistreatment-in-the-workplace
#13
Alex P Lindsey, Derek R Avery, Jeremy F Dawson, Eden B King
Preliminary research suggests that employees use the demographic makeup of their organization to make sense of diversity-related incidents at work. The authors build on this work by examining the impact of management ethnic representativeness-the degree to which the ethnic composition of managers in an organization mirrors or is misaligned with the ethnic composition of employees in that organization. To do so, they integrate signaling theory and a sense-making perspective into a relational demography framework to investigate why and for whom management ethnic representativeness may have an impact on interpersonal mistreatment at work...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614029/attitudes-towards-attrition-among-uk-trainees-in-obstetrics-and-gynaecology
#14
Irene Gafson, Jane Currie, Sabrina O'Dwyer, Katherine Woolf, Ann Griffin
Physician dissatisfaction in the workplace has consequences for patient safety. Currently in the UK, 1 in 5 doctors who enter specialist training in obstetrics and gynaecology leave the programme before completion. Trainee attrition has implications for workforce planning, organization of health-care services and patient care. The authors conducted a survey of current trainees' and former trainees' views concerning attrition and 'peri-attrition' - a term coined to describe the trainee who has seriously considered leaving the specialty...
June 2, 2017: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608169/continued-bullying-victimization-from-childhood-to-young-adulthood-a-longitudinal-study-of-mediating-and-protective-factors
#15
Mara Brendgen, François Poulin
Bullying in schools has severe consequences for victims' adjustment. It is unclear, however, whether victims of school bullying continue to be victimized in other contexts during adulthood. Mediating processes through which peer victimization in school increases the risk of revictimization in adulthood, as well as protective factors, also need to be explored. This study examined 1) the longitudinal association between peer victimization in school and victimization at work during young adulthood, 2) the predictive link of reactive and proactive aggression and anxious-withdrawn behavior in childhood with victimization in school and at the workplace, 3) the potential mediating role of depression symptoms, and 4) the potential protective effect of friendship support...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599773/workplace-bullying-perceived-job-stressors-and-psychological-distress-gender-and-race-differences-in-the-stress-process
#16
Brandon K Attell, Kiersten Kummerow Brown, Linda A Treiber
A large body of empirical research documents the adverse mental health consequences of workplace bullying. However, less is known about gender and race differences in the processes that link workplace bullying and poor mental health. In the current study, we use structural equation modeling of survey data from the 2010 Health and Retirement Study (N = 2292) and draw on stress process theory to examine coworker support as a buffering mechanism against workplace bullying, and gender and race differences in the relationships between bullying and psychological distress...
July 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584320/workplace-bullying-and-mental-health-among-teachers-in-relation-to-psychosocial-job-characteristics-and-burnout
#17
Lina Bernotaite, Vilija Malinauskiene
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study has been to assess the associations between psychological distress and exposure to workplace bullying, taking into account possible influence of adverse psychosocial job characteristics and occupational burnout in a sample of Kaunas (Lithuania) teachers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study sample included 517 teachers from 13 secondary schools and was conducted in 2014. The participants filled in the anonymous questionnaire (response rate 71...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560890/book-review-misbehavior-in-organizations-a-dynamic-approach-cyberbullying-where-are-we-now-a-cross-national-understanding-infostorms-why-do-we-like-explaining-individual-behavior-on-the-social-net-stalker-hacker-voyeur-spy-a-psychoanalytic-study-of-erotomania
#18
Martin Guha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553241/assessing-dispositions-toward-ridicule-and-laughter-in-the-workplace-adapting-and-validating-the-phophikat-9-questionnaire
#19
Jennifer Hofmann, Willibald Ruch, René T Proyer, Tracey Platt, Fabian Gander
The current paper addresses the measurement of three dispositions toward ridicule and laughter; i.e., gelotophobia (the fear of being laughed at), gelotophilia (the joy of being laughed at), and katagelasticism (the joy of laughing at others). These traits explain inter-individual differences in responses to humor, laughter, and social situations related to humorous encounters. First, an ultra-short form of the PhoPhiKat-45 (Ruch and Proyer, 2009) was adapted in two independent samples (Construction Sample N = 157; Replication Sample N = 1,774)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512986/work-climate-and-the-mediating-role-of-workplace-bullying-related-to-job-performance-job-satisfaction-and-work-ability-a-study-among-hospital-nurses
#20
Espen Olsen, Gunhild Bjaalid, Aslaug Mikkelsen
AIM: To increase understanding of workplace bullying and its relation to work climate and different outcomes among nurses. Examine a proposed bullying model including both job resource and job demands, as well as nurse outcomes reflected in job performance, job satisfaction, and work ability. BACKGROUND: Workplace bullying has been identified as some of the most damaging mechanisms in workplace settings. It is important to increase understanding of workplace bullying in relation to work climate and different outcomes among nurses...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
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